Geography of Albania

Albania is a country in South-Eastern Europe, in the West of the Balkan Peninsula, between the geographical coordinates: 39 16' latitude and 42 39' longitude.

Albania is almost midway between Equator and the North Pole, and covers a surface of 28.748 km2. 
The overall length of the borderline 

of the Republic of Albania is 1094 km; out of which 657-km is land-border, 316-km sea-border, 48-km river-border and 73 km lake-border. 

The Republic of Albania, on the North borders with Montenegro , on North-East with Kosova, on the East with Macedonia, and in the South and South-East with Greece. 

On the West, Albania is washed by the Adriatic and Ionian seas. 
The average altitude is 708 m, i.e. two times higher than that of Europe. 

Albania is included in the humid sub-tropical zone of the Northern Hemisphere, and it belongs to the Mediterranean climatic zone. 

Chromium, ferro-nickel, copper, coal, oil and gas are among the most important sub-soil minerals found in Albania. 

Climate Coastal areas: Central Mediterranean, mild and wet winter, hot and dry summer. 

Alpine areas: Central Continental, cold and wild winter, wet summer. 

Relieve Lowland – Western Albania, Plain – Eastern Albania Alpine – Northern Albania, The Highest Peak – Korabi Mountain (2,753m) Coastal Line 362 kilometer 

Population 3.619.778 (July 2008) 95% Albanian, 3% Greek and 2% various Rate Of Population Increase 0,538 (July 2008) 

Capital City Tirana (since 1920) Official Language - Albanian 

The national flag of the Republic of Albania represents a black bicephalous eagle with open wings situated in the middle of a red background.

Albania Information

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