Salicornia / Zeekraal


Zeekraal is een pioniersplant en als geen andere plant bestand tegen zoute omstandigheden. De plant neemt het zout op tijdens de groei en heeft daardoor een zilte smaak. Het eerste deel van de wetenschappelijke naam, Salicornia, is een combinatiewoord uit het Latijn, want sal of salis is 'zout' en cornu is 'hoorn'. Dat laatste probeert de vorm van de geledingen te duiden. 
Tijdens het begin van de industriële revolutie was er in Engeland een enorme vraag naar zeekraal omdat voor de fabricage van glas en zeep soda nodig was. Zeekraal werd in grote hoeveelheden geoogst en op het strand verbrand. De overblijvende as bevatte hoge concentraties aan dat natriumcarbonaat.

Recept: Zeekraalsalade met garnalen, shiitakes en gember
Voorgerecht voor 4 personen
  • 300 g verse zeekraal
  • 20 steurgarnalen, gepeld
  • 1 klein stuk gemberwortel, fijngehakt
  • 50 g shiitakes, in schijfjes
  • ½ citroen
  • 3 el smaakloze olie
  • 1 tl sojasaus
  • ½ tl versgemalen peper
  • 1 tl geroosterd sesamzaad
Was en droog de zeekraal.  Maak de vinaigrette: per de halve citroen uit, meng met de olie, sojasaus, peper en gember. Verdeel de salade van zeekraal, de shiitakes en de garnalenstaarten over 4 kommetjes of glazen. Bestrooi met sesamzaad en giet er voor het opdienen de vinaigrette overheen.

Wetenschappelijk onderzoek 
1. Hypolipidemic effect of Salicornia herbacea in animal model of type 2 diabetes mellitus http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2849048/
2. Salicornia herbacea prevents high fat diet-induced hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in ICR mice http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16597000
3. Evaluation of Salicornia herbacea as a Potential Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Agent http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19627218
 4. Effects of Salicornia herbacea L. supplementation on antioxidative enzyme activities in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats
http://www.koreamed.org/SearchBasic.php?RID=0124KJN/2008.41.7.583&DT=1
 5. Effects of enzymatic hydrolysates from Hamcho(Salicornia herbacea L.) on blood glucose and serum lipid composition in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search/display.do?f=2009/KR/KR0904.xml;KR2009001384
 6. Effects of polysaccharides from Salicornia herbacea on anti-diabetic activity in rats http://www.fasebj.org/cgi/content/meeting_abstract/22/1_MeetingAbstracts/1113.4
 7. Effects of polysaccharides from Salicornia herbacea on proliferation and apoptotic activity in mouse splenocytes http://www.fasebj.org/cgi/content/meeting_abstract/22/1_MeetingAbstracts/1110.2
 8. Inhibitory effects of isorhamnetin-3-O-beta-D-glucoside from Salicornia herbacea on rat lens aldose reductase and sorbitol accumulation in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat tissues http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15863906
 9. Antioxidant properties and cytotoxic effects of fractions from glasswort (Salicornia herbacea) seed extracts on human intestinal cells
http://www.springerlink.com/content/t3321j044556409j/
 10. Immunomodulatory activity of polysaccharides isolated from Salicornia herbacea http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16846839
 
11. Immunomodulating Activity of Salicornia herbacea Extract
http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=20940781
 12. Inhibitory effect of 3-caffeoyl-4-dicaffeoylquinic acid from Salicornia herbacea against phorbol ester-induced cyclooxygenase-2 expression in macrophageshttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19931518
 13. Synergistic activation of monocytes by polysaccharides isolated from Salicornia herbacea and interfereon-gamma http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17204386
 14. Dicaffeoylquinic acid derivatives and flavonoid glucosides from glasswort (Salicornia herbacea L.) and their antioxidative activity
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030881461001023X
 15. The protective effects of Salicornia herbacea L. against liver toxicity http://www.dbpia.co.kr/view/ar_view.asp?arid=796278
 16. Antioxidant and Antithrombus Activities of Enzyme-Treated Salicornia herbacea Extracts http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17536188
 17. Effect of Salicornia herbacea Supplementation on the Kidney Damage in Puromycin Aminonucleoside-treated Rats http://www.fasebj.org/cgi/content/meeting_abstract/21/6/A1080-a
 18. Anti-proliferative effect of polysaccharides from Salicornia herbacea on induction of G2/m arrest and apoptosis in human colon cancers cells
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19996705
 19. Macrophage activation by polysaccharide fraction isolated from Salicornia herbacea http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16183225
 20. Tungtungmadic acid, a novel antioxidant, from Salicornia herbaceahttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16276965
 21. Tungtungmadic acid isolated from Salicornia herbacea suppresses the progress of carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic fibrosis in mice http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search/display.do?f=2008%2FKR%2FKR0703.xml%3BKR2007000875
 22. Protective mechanisms of 3-caffeoyl, 4-dihydrocaffeoyl quinic acid from Salicornia herbacea against tert-butyl hydroperoxide-induced oxidative damagehttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19647727
 23. Flavonoid glycosides isolated from Salicornia herbacea inhibit matrix metalloproteinase in HT1080 cellshttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18715546
 24. 3-caffeoyl, 4-dihydrocaffeoylquinic acid from Salicornia herbacea inhibits tumor cell invasion by regulating protein kinase C-δ-dependent matrix metalloproteinase-9 expressionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20599481
 25. Effects of solvent-extracted fractions from Salicornia herbacea on anti-oxidative activity and lipopolysaccharide-induced NO production in murine macrophage RAW264.7 cellshttp://www.dbpia.co.kr/view/ar_view.asp?arid=903350
 26. Studies on pharmacological effects of glasswort (Salicornia herbacea L.)http://210.101.116.28/W_kiss3/07300480_pv.pdf
 
* Salicornia herbacea=Salicornia europaea=Tungtungmadi(Korean)=Hamcho(Korean)
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