Ocimum kilimandscharicum / Kamferbasilicum


Kamferbasilicum (Eng: Camphor Basil, Kilimanjaro Basil)  Ocimum kilimandscharicum

Deze basilicumsoort is nauw verwant aan Ocimum gratissimum. Deze overblijvende soort krijgt ook een houtige basis. Uiteraard moet de plant wel ‘s winters naar binnen. In 1 jaar groeit deze Afrikaanse basilicum tot 1 m hoogte en het zijn de bloemetjes, die een kruidnagel- tot kamfergeur verspreiden. De bereiding tot aromatische olie in Afrika is een belangrijke toepassing! Ook in een kruidige en geneeskrachtige thee maar uiteraard als smaakmaker in gerechten te gebruiken.

Traditionally, extracts of Ocimum kilimandscharicum were used to alleviate many ailments in East Africa including treatment of colds, coughs, abdominal pains, measles, diarrhea, insect repellent, particularly against mosquitoes and storage pest control (Kokwaro, 1976; Hassanali, et.al., 1990, The Herb Society of America; Golob et al., 1999). Toxicity and protectant potential of Camphor has been found to work against product beetles (Ofori and Hassanali, 1998). Research undertaken on this plant?s medicinal and insecticide efficacy classifies it as an aromatic plant whose bioactive properties can find use in pharmaceutical, aroma therapeutic and pesticide industries (Bekele and Hassanali, 2000; Bekele, et.al., and Nyamasyo, 1995; Deogun, in.lit., 1961-62). The low boiling point of the oil may be used as a solvent for metallic lustres on ceramic bodies (Chowdhiri and Haksar, in.lit., 1959).

Kilimanjaro basil has many different uses, some of them are:
  • Traditional medicine
  • Raw material for commercial production of "Naturub"
  • Mosquito repellent
  • Source of nectar for bees in apiculture
  • Protection against storage pests
  • Flavouring agent
Pest control:
Dried leaves and essential oil extracts are used as a grain protectant. A hundred percent mortality was observed in adults of the maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais), the lesser grain borer (Rhizopertha dominica) and the Angoumois grain moth (Sitotroga cerealella) exposed for 48 hours to dried ground leaves and essential oil extract at doses of 25 g and 0.3 g per 250 g of grain respectively (Golob et al., 1999)

www.infonet-biovision.org - Ocimum kilimandscharicum
Alternative Income Generating Activities
WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants - Volume 2: Folium Ocimi Sancti
http://sphinxsai.com/PTVOL3/PT=27%20RAVIJUMAR%20%28544-550%29.pdf


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