Circium oleraceum / Moesdistel

De moesdistel (Cirsium oleraceum) is een 60-150 cm hoge overblijvende plant uit de composietenfamilie (Asteraceae).
Je vindt Moesdistel aan waterkanten, in broekbossen en op verstoorde plekken. Ze groeit goed op kalkhoudende, natte, voedselrijke gronden van klei, leem en zand. Een plek met zon of lichte schaduw is een ideale groeiplaats. De bladeren en de wortel van Moesdistel bevatten harsen en looistoffen die een geneeskrachtige werking hebben. Moesdistel werd vroeger gebruikt in middeltjes tegen reuma en jicht.

Young leaves - cooked and used as a vegetable. Root - cooked. Harvested before the plant flowers, it was formerly used as a table vegetable. The root is likely to be rich in inulin, a starch that cannot be digested by humans. This starch thus passes straight through the digestive system and, in some people, ferments to produce flatulence.

Talanta. 2012 Jul 15;96:216-22. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2012.02.028. Epub 2012 Feb 21. Determination of the flavonoids/antioxidant levels in Cirsium oleraceum and Cirsium rivulare extracts with cerium(IV)-rhodamine 6G chemiluminescence detection.Nalewajko-Sieliwoniuk E1, Nazaruk J, Kotowska J, Kojło A.
The determination of the sum of flavonoid compounds in extracts from inflorescences (expressed as mgL(-1) of apigenin) and leaves (expressed as mgL(-1) of linarin) of Cirsium oleraceum and Cirsium rivulare species by flow injection system with chemiluminescence detection (FI-CL) has been carried out. The method is based on the strong enhancement by polyphenols occurring in both plants of the CL signal generated by the reaction of cerium(IV) with rhodamine 6G in a sulfuric acid medium. Under the optimized conditions, the linear working ranges of 0.1-10 and 2.5-50μmolL(-1) were obtained for apigenin and linarin, respectively. The developed method is simple, sensitive with the detection limits of 38nmolL(-1) (apigenin) and 840nmolL(-1) (linarin) and offers high sample throughput (up to 300 samples per hour). The relative standard deviation was 0.62% and 3.75% for 10 measurements of 5μmolL(-1) apigenin and linarin, respectively. The proposed method has been successfully applied to determine the flavonoids/antioxidant levels in aqueous and methanolic extracts from inflorescences and leaves of C. oleraceum and C. rivulare. A possible mechanism of the enhancement of cerium(IV)-rhodamine 6G CL system by polyphenols was briefly discussed. For comparative studies, the antioxidant activity of C. oleraceum and C. rivulare extracts was also evaluated by spectrophotometric 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging method.

Enhancement of antibacterial effects of extracts from Cirsium species using sodium picolinate and estimation of their toxicity
Maria H. Borawskaa*, Sylwia K. Czechowskaa, Renata Markiewicza, Katarzyna Sochaa, Jolanta Nazarukb, Jerzy Pałkac & Valery A. Isidorovd
pages 554-561 Published online: 13 Apr 2010
In this study, antimicrobial properties and toxicity of extracts from Cirsium spp.: Cirsium arvense, C. oleraceum, C. palustre, C. rivulare and C. vulgare in combination with sodium picolinate (PS) or sodium benzoate (BS), were investigated. Three micro-organisms were used: Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of extracts was found at 1.56–50.0 mg mL−1. Unlike the case of BS, adding PS to extracts from flowers of C. palustre and C. arvense enhanced their antimicrobial effect on S. aureus (MIC from 6.25–12.5 mg mL−1 to 1.25–5.0 mg mL−1). An MTT test was used to study toxicity effects. The extracts from C. palustre or C. arvense mixed with PS had a concentration-dependent, slightly cytotoxic or stimulating effect on the viability of normal human skin fibroblasts. The total phenolic content (TPC) of samples varied from 44 to 178 mg gallic acid equivalent per 1 g of extract. The highest TPC was observed in C. palustre (l) and C. oleraceum (f). Our results did not show any correlation between antimicrobial activities and TPC. Cirsium palustre (f) and C. arvense (f) extracts were analysed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). About 30 compounds were found to be present in extracts from two Cirsium species in amounts of not less than 0.2% of TIC.

Meadow cabbage. Cirsium oleraceum Scop. 1889.] History of Garden Vegetables. 671 
This plant is included among vegetables by Vilmorin, 41 although he says it does not appear to be ever cultivated. The swollen root-stock, gathered before the plant flowered, was formerly used as a table vegetable. It does not appear to have ever reached American gardens or use. 
84 Gray. Syn. Flora, II., 321. 38 Noisette. Man., 1829, 537. 
85 Kenrick. New Am. Orchard, 3d ed., "Burr. Field and Gard. Veg., 1863, 612. 
1841, appendix. *" A Smith. Treas. of Bot. 
36 Gard. Chron., 1843, 608. 41 Vilmorin. Les PI. Pot., 1883, 157; The 
87 Vilmorin. Les pi. Pot., 329. Veg. Gard., 1885, 321.

Uit J. Kops, www.BioLib.de.
=Cirsium oleraceum, Scop. (groente) Heeft zeer mooi blad.
De bloemen zijn niet zo fraai, wit of geelachtig.
Groeit op vochtige plaatsen, weiden en oevers. Door ontwateren kan ze verdreven worden
De vlezige wortels geven een pure plantaardig zout, kan gekookt en gegeten worden
Kwam in 1823 in Engeland aan en wordt 1,5m hoog. Groeit vooral in Midden Europa.

Naam.Laevis Distel bij Hildegard.
Moesdistel, kooldistel, Duitse Kohldistel, weiche Distel, Graskohl in midden-Hoogduits en Wiesenkohl bij Bock, wilde Kardobenedicten, Engelse cabbage thistle, meadow distaff of  wilder Safflor.
De jonge bladeren worden als groente gegeten door de Russen die de bladeren in het voorjaar koken. 






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