Cotoneaster melanocarpus

Cotoneaster melanocarpus Lodd., G.Lodd. & W.Lodd. in Mongolië
ROSACEAE

Distribution: Khovs., Khent., Khang., Моng-Dаg., Моng. Аlt. (east), Dund. Khalkh, Gobi-Аlt., Dоr. Моng., Ikh n.
Habitat: Steppe stony and rocky slopes, birch, larch and pine forests, their fringes [2–5].
Parts used: Shoot and fruit

Traditional uses: The taste is sweet and sour, and the potency is cool. It is used for the following: treatment of diarrhea,
improvement of appetite, for dissemination blood in joints, acts as a haemostatic, and for detoxification and vomiting.
Also used for inflammation of the stomach and intestine. It is an ingredient in the following traditional prescriptions:
Agar-7, Ar ur-18, Bilva-11, Dadrig-6, Gurgum-13, Indra-17, and Delmanmar [5–7].

Chemical constituents: Shoot contains cyano compounds, e.g. prunazine. Leaves contain ascorbic acid [8], phenol
carboxylic acids, their derivatives: chlorogenic and neochlorogenic acids [8,9], 0.96% flavonoids, 9.5% anthocyanin [8],
catechin [9]. Fruit contains ascorbic acid, flavonoids and anthocyanins [8].

Bioactivity: Antibacterial activity [8].

References:
1. Olziikhutag, N. (Ed). (1983). Latin-Mongolian-Russian Dictionary of Vascular Plants of Mongolia (p. 156). Ulaanbaatar: Press
of Mongolian Academy of Sciences.
2. Gubanov, I.А. (1996). Conspectus on Mongolian Flora (vascular plants) (p. 59). Moscow: Valang Press.
3. Malishev, L.I., and Peshkova, G.A. (1979). Flora of Central Siberia (Vol. 2, p. 547). Novosibirsk: Science Printing.
4. Sanchir, Ch., Batkhuu, J., Boldsaikhan, B., and Komatsu, K. (2003). Illustrated Guide of Mongolian Useful Plants. (Vol. 1, p.
208). Ulaanbaatar: Admon Printing.
5. Ligaa, U., Davaasuren, B., and Ninjil, N. (2005). Medicinal Plants of Mongolia Used in Western and Eastern Medicine. (p.
72). Ulaanbaatar: JCK Printing.
6. Danzanpuntsag., Crystal rosary. XVIIIth century.
7. Boldsaikhan, B. (2004). Encyclopedia of Mongolian Medicinal Plants (pp. 24, 249). Ulaanbaatar: Mongolian University of
Science and Technology.
8. Sokolov, P.D. et al. (1987). Plants Review of USSR: Family Hydrangeaceae-Haloragaceae. (p. 33). Leningrad: Science Printing.
9. Challice, J.S. (1973). Phenolic compounds of the subfamily Pomoideae. Phytochemistry 12, 1095.
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