Technical guidance

  • Is the circulation space economical & functional & not wasteful (i.e., passages, corridors, stairs, access verandas etc.
  • Study local climate & make use of wind directions (to reduce power consumption) & aspect (To prevent unnecessary heat absorption).
  • Make use of land gradients, contours, natural existing features.
  • Don't waste buildings space. Think & plan-3 - dimensionally.
  • Avoid facadism (a fancy front) & showing off Facades are usually a lie & are costly.
  • Concerning every component part of the building (shape, contents, functions, materials, construction techniques etc.) ask "Is it necessary?"

If it is NOT necessary, Don't do it
  • If it is necessary see whether it is being planned & executed in the best functional & economic way.
  • Avoid currently fashionable Gimmicks. They are almost always an addition that may be eye-catching at an extra expense.
  • Design foundations & basements according to location & soil/land condition & composition. Text book designs are 'average'. Your   plot may not be.
  • Use local plentifully available in expensive material. Avoid importing (from other place) as much as possible.
  • Use materials openly & honestly/truthfully (in other words, a brick wall should look like brick wall)
  • Don't do foolish things like building a brick wall, covering it with plaster & then painting it to look like a brick wall.
  • Avoid applied surfacing unless really necessary (ex facades covered with assortments of tile, marble, imitation, bricks & so on.
  • Remember that plaster is not a structural material, & that when applied to the inside & out side walls it accounts for about 10% of the total cost of the building. Further more it requires painting & infrequent maintenance. Don't use it if it is not really necessary.
  • As such as possible use energy free, or energy less materials that is, material for which very little energy is used in their manufacture.
  • If you have to use energy intensive materials, use them sparingly, & carefully (e.g.. Glass, windows in corridors & stair could often be jelly) All plasters & mortars could be of lime or combination mortars & avoid cement.
  • When you have to use reinforced concrete, remember the Steel & the cement are energy intensive so use economical & alternative forms of R.C.C. Systems.
  • Use load bearing wall systems up to four storeys & slabs without R.C. Columns.
  • Avoid unnecessary fins & louvres & use R.C.C. Sparingly when you must have them.
  • Insist on accurate mixes & mixing of plasters, mortars, concrete, Don't use over rich mixtures.
  • If you claim, or want to be "scientific" then demonstrate your faith in your scientific formulae. If your formula is "Scientific" why do you need an extra "factor of safety". Training your craftsmen to be conscientious & honest is far better way of achieving structural stability.
  • Are all your doors necessary? If some are not necessary don't put them it. Do the necessary doors actually need frames? If not use a frame less type of doors.
  • The same for windows. Are all of them necessary? What are their separate functions? Design economically to satisfy the function required Remembers a jelly wall letting in light and air costs only 1/10 of an 'orthodox' window of the same area.
  • Remember that what is 'Good' for Kerala is not necessary good for Karnataka, what works well in Bihar may be disastrous in Rajasthan etc., study local indigenous architecture and use its principles even when using modern materials indigenous architecture represents thousands of years of R & D.