Chronology of Morihei Ueshiba,
Founder of Aikido

(December 14, 1883 - April 26, 1969)

Abridged from Encyclopedia of Aikido (Stanley Pranin, Aiki News/Aikido Journal)

Note: These are documented events during the life of Morihei Ueshiba.

1883 - Morihei Ueshiba born December 14 in Tanabe, Kishu (Wakayama Prefecture)

1900 - Moves to Tokyo in September, starts stationery store

1901 - Briefly studies Tenjin Shin'yo-ryu Jujutsu

1903 - Marries Hatsu Itogawa, a distant relative, in Tanabe
Joins 61st Army Infantry Regiment of Wakayama, late December

1905 - Departs for Manchurian Front (Russo-Japanese War)

1906 - Discharged from army, returns to Tanabe

1908 - Receives certificate from Yagyu-ryu Jujutsu

1910 - Travels to Hokkaido

1911 - First daugher born (Matsuko)

1912 - Leads settlers from Kishu to Hokkaido (Aza-Shirataki, Kamiyubetsu villege, Mombetsu County)

1915 - Meets Sokaku Takeda (Daito-ryu jujitsu) at Hisada Inn in Engaru

1917 - First son born (Takemori), July

1918 - Serves as town councilman in Kamiyubetsu village, June 1918-April 1919

1919 - Leaves Hokkaido in December due to father's illness
Turns land and property over to Sokaku Takeda

1920 - Meets Onisaburo Deguchi of Omoto religion in Ayabe, Kyoto Prefecture
Father (Yoroku) dies in January
Returns to Tanabe
Moves with family to Ayabe (site of Omoto religion)
Builds "Ueshiba Juku" dojo
Second son born (Kuniharu), August
First son dies (Takemori), August
Second son dies (Kuniharu), September

1921 - Third son born (Kisshomaru - birth name Koetsu), June

1922 - Mother (Yuki) dies
Sokaku Takeda visits Ayabe along with family to teach, staying from circa April 28 to September 15
Receives "kyoji dairi" (teaching assistant) certificate from Takeda (September)

1924 - Goes to Mongolia with Onisaburo Deguchi with goal of establishing a utopian community. (February to July) The party, led by Onisaburo Deguchi, including Ueshiba, is captured and held prisoner by the Chinese military for plotting the overthrow of the existing government. Released after short period of internment through intervention of Japanese consulate and returned to Japan.

1925 - Gives demonstration in Tokyo for former Prime Minister Gombei Yamamoto

1927 - Moves to Tokyo with entire family
Establishes temporary dojo in billiard room of Count Shimazu's mansion in Shiba, Shirogane in Sarumachi

1928 - Moves to Shiba, Tsunamachi, site of temporary dojo

1929 - Moves with family to Shiba, Kuruma-cho, sets up temporary dojo

1930 - Moves to Shimo-Ochiai in Mejiro
Jigoro Kano of Judo observes demonstration by Ueshiba in Mejiro dojo and dispatches several students from Kodokan, including Minoru Mochizuki, to study

1931 - Dedication of Kobukan dojo in Ushigome, Wakamatsu-cho

1932 - Budo Sen'yokai (Society for the Promotion of Martial Arts) is established with Ueshiba as its first head

1933 - Technical manual "Budo Renshu" published

1935 - Film documentary of Aikid Budo made by Asahi Newspaper Company in Osaka. Only known pre-war film of Morihei Ueshiba (Available from Aikido Journal)

1937 - Ueshiba's name appears in enrollment book of Kashima Shinto-Ryu

1938 - Technical manual "Budo" published

1939 - Invited to instruct in Manchuria

1940 - Attends martial arts demonstration in Manchuria commemorating 2600th anniversary of Japan

1941 - Gives demonstration at Sainenkan dojo on imperial grounds for members of the imperial family
Teaches at military police academy
Invited to Manchuria to instruct during University Martial Arts week
Becomes martial arts advisor for Shimbuden and Kenkoku universities in Manuchuria

1942 - Name "Aikido" becomes official and is registered with Ministry of Education

Invited to Manchuria as representative of Japanese martial arts to attend Manchuria-Japanese Exchange Martial Arts demonstrations in commemoration of 10th anniversary of Manchurian Independence(August)
Moves to Iwama, Ibaraki Prefecture
Kisshomaru Ueshiba becomes Director of Kobukai Foundation

1943 - Aiki Shrine built in Iwama

1945 - Kobukai Foundation ceases activity due to post-war ban on martial arts
Iwama dojo completed

1948 - Hombu Dojo moves to Iwama, office opened in Tokyo

Kisshomaru Ueshiba becomes Director of Aikikai Foundation

1949 - Regular practice resumes at Tokyo dojo

1955 - To Osaka for several weeks to instruct in dojo of Bansen Tanaka

1956 - Hombu Dojo moves back to Tokyo from Iwama
Several foreign ambassadors invited to public exhibition

1958 - U.S. television documentary "Rendezvous with Adventure" filmed (Available from Aikido Journal)

1960 - Receives Medal of Honor with Purple Ribbon from Japanese government

1961 - Invited to Hawaii by Hawaii Aikikai (February)
Television documentary made by NHK company (Available from Aikido Journal)
All-Japan Student Aikido Federation established with Ueshiba as president

1963 - First All-Japan Aikido Demonstration (October)

1964 - Receives Order of the Rising Sun, 4th Class, as Founder of Aikido

1968 - New Hombu Dojo building completed

1969 - Gives final demonstration January 15 at Kagami Biraki celebration
Dies April 26
Ashes buried at Kozanji, Tanabe
Hair preserved at Iwama, Kumano Dojo, Ayabe and Aikikai Hombu Dojo
Made honorary citizen of Tanabe and Iwama
Wife, Hatsu, dies in June