KNMU-Department of Propedeutics of Internal Medicine No. 2 & Nursing Care

Head of Department

Ospanova Tatiana Sunhashivna - MD, professor.



Responsibility: by study - PhD, Assoc. Khimich TY, for scientific work - PhD, Assoc. Avdeev AV, for the implementation of the Bologna process at the Department - PhD, Assoc. Khimich T.; for clinical work - MD, professor. Bezditko TV, for educational work - MD, professor. Semydotska Railroad

Professor. Bilchenko OS, PhD, Associate Professor: Chernyakova IA, Misyura OI OI Romadanova, Krasovsky K.; assistants: PhD Sivash O., Bolokadze E., Eremenko H.V, hot KP, Klapouh VA, Zaozerska NV, Borzenkov AB; graduate students: Veremyeyenko OV Pasiyeshvili T . M., c. labs.: hot KP, Ovcharenko LA; labs. Kornienko KD

Ospanova Tatiana Sunhashevna


Academic Activity
Educational work of the department is to prepare students second and third year of medical, pediatric, dental faculty and students of the Medical Faculty of Foreign Students. Rate Propaedeutics internal medicine students taught 3 courses I and II medical schools, training of Russian and English speaking students 3rd year IV medical faculty (5-6 semester), 2nd year of dental faculty. Also, students of 2nd year all medical faculties in 4 semester taught a course entitled "Care", and 3rd year students of medical schools - a course entitled "Nursing."

The Department conducts two elective courses "Fundamentals of the theory of knowledge and problems of medical diagnosis" and "Deontology in Medicine", which is particularly important in providing university level education.

Students of all courses of medical schools enrolled in credit-modular system according to the Bologna Declaration to obtain estimates of the level of knowledge on a scale ECTS.

Quality of teaching work includes the development of guidelines, which were successfully implemented in the educational process. The staff of the department processed methodical in Ukrainian, Russian and English for students and teachers as well - students' independent work, tests and final control of the source of knowledge to each session. Also developed a battery of tests, situational problem and a list of practical skills for the final module control knowledge, which is at the end of course "Care" (4 semester), "Propaedeutics of Internal Medicine" (6 semester), "Nursing" (6 semester) . For the last 5 years published 16 textbooks: Propedevtycheskaya nefrolohyya (2004). Propaedeutics Internal disease. Book 3. Diagnosis (2005). Vrachebnaya ethics and medytsynskaya deontolohyya (2005). Introduction to the course of internal diseases. Book 1. Diagnosis (2005). Clinical Pharmacology (2t., 2005). Propaedeutics Internal disease. Book 1.Diagnosis (pereyzd., 2006). Propaedeutics Internal disease. Book 1. Diagnosis (in Ukrainian. And English. Languages, 2006). Modern methods of investigation of the heart and blood vessels (in Ukrainian. And English. Languages ​​2006). Yshemycheskaya heart disease (2006). Test control knowledge in the diagnosis of disease Interior (2006). Introduction to the course of internal diseases.Book 1. Diagnosis. Textbook, 2nd edit (2006). Modern methods of breath (2008). Nursing and patient's care. Textbook (2009). Reference Propaedeutics of Internal Medicine (2009).

According to the requirements of the Bologna Declaration, along with courses of "Care" and "nursing" students have adequate practical.

Students study the dental department of internal medicine Propaedeutics for 5 semesters for the traditional system and scale of assessment to obtain credit after course completion.

In a credit-modular system of the Department staff maintains and develops the best traditions of teaching Propaedeutics: Diagnostic study of how learning and patient illness. Under the guidance of experienced teachers, professors and candidates of medical sciences students master the classical methods (rozpyt, inspection, percussion, palpation, auscultation), get acquainted with the diagnostic capabilities of modern medicine.

Future doctors should learn to detect symptoms of internal diseases, understanding their pathogenesis, combine symptoms in syndromes, justify the diagnosis.

Lecture course full of demonstrations of patients, multimedia presentations, original educational videos that are created in the department, the simulators respiratory sounds, heart tones, cardiogram, slides. This expressiveness allows to reveal the complexity of the diagnostic process in harsh conditions of credit-modular system.

Practical exercises are traditionally conducted at the bedside, in the classroom using a problematic approach to the solution of diagnostic problems, using teaching and research students' individual work within the individual work.

Continuous improvement of teaching contributes to system demonstration, open and comprehensive workshops and lectures conducted by experienced and young teachers, followed by discussion sessions on teaching department.

Prolific, interesting and varied work at the Department of Student Research group: students participate in scientific research, plenary sessions, evening rounds of patients, annually held clinical-anatomical conferences jointly with the Department of Pathology guys.

The clinical base of the Department is the regional hospital, her pulmonological, allergological and rehabilitation department.

Of scientific research
The main focus of scientific activity is the study of predictors of progression and secondary prevention of chronic kidney disease, the role of cytokines, disorders of calcium and lipid metabolism, homotsysteyinuriyi, hypertension, proteinuria, tubular dysfunction, endothelium factors. Processed methods of correction of homeostasis.

We study the problem of diagnosis and treatment of secondary nephropathy, including diabetic. Conducts research on the prevalence skrynninhovi secondary renal diseases of internal organs (cardiovascular diseases, gastric ulcers and duodenal cats, endocrine diseases, etc.).

Recently, study metabolic mechanisms of respiratory renal pathology, the role of the kidneys in disorders of acid-base balance in bronchial asthma and COPD, as well as methods for their correction.

From 1960 to the present, the department prepared 10 doctors, 55 PhD, 11 Masters, published more than 500 scientific papers, received 17 patents for inventions.

During the period from 2004 defended 10 Ph.D. theses, 1 master, 1 master's thesis submitted to the defense. Disclosed 203 scientific papers, made 143 reports, including in international fora - 15.

In public health practice implemented 34 development. Try 7 patents on research and development.

On innovative achievements in the field of nephrology professor award shows. Railroad Semydotskoyi in the group known nephrologists Ukraine State Prize.

The Department actively trains scientists and teachers: research currently conducted two post-graduate student and a doctor-ordinator.

Department staff members Ukrainian nephrological associations, prof. TS Ospanova Sci. Railroad Semydotska, Associate Professor AI Romadanova and O. Avdeeva members of the European Association of renal dialysis and Russian companies. Prof. .. TS Ospanova and prof. Railroad Semydotska members of the specialized scientific council D 64.600.04 at HNMU Sci. RailroadSemydotska also a member of the specialized scientific council D 25.565.01 at the Institute of Nephrology AMS of Ukraine (Kyiv) and a member of the PKK on nephrology.


The Department cooperates with the Department of Internal Medicine № 3, Department of Pathomorphology HNMU, is the clinical base Farmkomitetu Ukraine, participates in scientific congresses, conventions, symposia, multicenter trials of new drugs.

Clinical work
Medical and diagnostic work is done in three basic departments (the Department advise employees annually about 12,000 patients with kidney disease, disorders of respiratory, allergic diseases and a variety of diseases of internal organs. Held weekly rounds professors of the department, in consultation outpatient department of a hospital, clinical and clinical pathology conference. professors and senior lecturers of the Department is constantly involved in the dismantled.

In Allergic department introduced modern medical technology for diagnostic and therapeutic processes. Used peak flow metria and computer spirography for monitoring the course of asthma, allergological tests with food, dust, pyltsevymy, household allergens, skin biopsy in patients with vasculitis. In treatment, modern approaches degree according to the recommendations of international consensus, apply topical corticosteroids - inhaled, intranasal, ocular, cutaneous, highly selective partial? 2-agonists, antihistamines II-III generation, prolonged calcium antagonists III generation, MRI, plasmapheresis, hiposensybilizatsiya. Initiated screening studies of asthma in the districts of the Kharkiv region. Planned participation in an international project on plants studied dust concentration in the atmosphere of the Kharkiv region.

Open cabinet prevention and diagnosis of asthma in the clinic Oblast Clinical Hospital. Pulmonological Oblast Clinical Hospital department has modern diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities for providing medical care to patients with various respiratory disorders. The clinic has a sufficient amount of diagnostic capabilities for verification of diagnosis: bronchoscopic methods, computed tomography, bacteriological, immunological and cytological methods. The department conducted differential diagnosis of disseminated processes in the lungs, fever of unknown origin, fungal and secondary lesions of the lung pathology of various internal organs. In the last decade, special attention is paid to problems of pneumonia and its etiology, clinic features and problems of treatment. Together with modern pharmacotherapy using methods such as therapeutic bronchoscopy, intratrahealne introduction of drugs and all kinds of physiotherapy, including massage, acupuncture and others. Used herbal medicine, oxygen therapy using oxygen concentrator 7F-5.

Chair of Internal Medicine and pediatric health departments of the Kharkov Medical Institute (at present Chair of Internal Medicine № 2 and nursing HNMU) was founded in 1938.

The first Chair was Professor S. Sinelnikov, who headed the department until 1959 under his leadership have been studied and implemented in practice at that time new methods of investigation and treatment: electrocardiography, determination of blood flow, venous pressure, acetylcholine in the blood.

From 1960 to 1981 the department was headed by Professor YD Shulga. Under his leadership, teaching Propaedeutics up to the next level: processed and implemented methodological approaches alhorytmizovanoho programmed instruction, programmed control of knowledge, independent of the student. Professor YD D. is the founder of Kharkiv nephrological school.

From 1982 to June 2009 Head of the Chair of Internal Medicine № 2 was Railroad Semydotska who defended under Professor YD Shulga PhD thesis and for his advice - his doctoral thesis.

From the first steps Railroad Semydotska great attention to the formation of educational and scientific team that combines experienced teachers, scientists, doctors with young graduate students, assistants, clinical residents, which at present are professors, assistant professor. This team is one of the most important achievements of the head of the department Railroad Semydotskoyi.

Professor Railroad Semydotska over 26 years headed the Kharkiv school of Nephrology: it trained 2 doctors and 30 candidates of medical science, 11 masters, published 370 scientific papers, received 17 patents.

From July 2009 to. at. head of the department is MD, Prof. T. Ospanova - the first graduate student and the first doctoral student of Professor Railroad Semydotskoyi. Professor. TS Ospanova first at the department began to conduct workshops and lectures in English for foreign students, is the author of 176 scientific publications, member of Ukrainian and Russian nephrological associations, a member of ERA-EDTA (European Renal Association dialysis and transplantation).