CURRENT Exhibit:

DISCLAIMER: These Exhibits are a part of the personal collection of Dr. David Karpeles. They are not, nor are they meant to, represent the complete history of the Person(s) or Event(s) in the exhibit.

Pronunciation Guide: Karpeles Museum

Quote of the Month:

Achievement is the difference between knowing and doing.........John Maxwell

Take ownership .....don't make excuses...don't blame any other person, any other thing, any other situation...get control of you ego.... take ownership of your mistakes, your shortfalls, of your problems...and then take ownership of the solutions that will get those problems solved.

Fairfield Hall

 

2410 Fairfield Ave., Fort Wayne, IN 46807 

(260) 456-6929

Fort Wayne Fairfield Hall  Hours:
Tuesday-Saturday: 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
(closed Sundays, Mondays, Holidays)

Current Exhibit:

May 1, 2019 to August 31, 2019

NOTE: Exhibit End Dates subject to change.


The Stamp Act and The Intolerable Acts

(1765)

No Taxation without Representation

 

 

During the colonial period the cost of protecting the frontier settlements was covered by taxes levied on the citizens of England.  However, due to the additional costs of the French and Indian war,  the tax burden became excessive.  

In order to cure this difficulty the British parliament attempted to raise revenue by requiring a tax stamp on various documents such as deeds and even newspapers of the citizens of the American Colonies. 

 

The birth of the Revolutionary War,  which gave the United States its independence,  can be traced back to the colonists' first complaints of taxation without representation.  

The first British Parliamentary attempt to raise revenue through direct taxation of all colonial commercial and legal papers created an unexpected avalanche of protest from the colonists.  

The Stamp Tax was a common revenue device in England.  However, the colonists had never had an act of Parliament dictate the imposition of an internal tax.  

Insulted,  the colonists effectively nullified the Stamp Act by outright refusal to use the tax stamps as well as by riots, stamp burning and intimidation of colonial stamp distributors.  

Even Benjamin Franklin was surprised at the vigorous protests and quickly withdrew his son William's name from an application for a position as Tax Collector.

 

The Stamp Act struck at vital points of colonial economic operations and affected many of the most articulate and influential people in the colonies (lawyers, journalists and bankers).  

Outraged protesters ignored the fact that the tax money was to be spent in protecting the borders of the American colonies. Taxes for citizens living in England were huge. And so far Americans paid no tax. 

Soon cries of "No legislation without representation" and "taxation without representation is tyranny"  was soon heard throughout the colonies.  

The idea of colonial members of Parliament,  several times suggested,  was never a likely solution because of problems of time and distance. 

 

The English idea of empire was thought to be a consolidated empire, where various colonies were together in one connected whole.  

The British thought of themselves as parents and the colonists as children.  Thus colonial insubordination was 'unnatural',  just as the revolt of children against parents was unnatural.  

England had long accepted the fact that an Act of Parliament was the ultimate power and that Parliament's power over England (and the colonies) was essentially unlimited.  

So when England found itself in the position of having to raise money for the expenses of the French and Indian War,  it took the colonists' obedience for granted.

  

The Americans envisioned a federated empire or a central government consisting of a number of separate states,  each of which retained control or 'rights' respecting its own internal affairs.  

In America, the full implication of the omnipotence of the Parliament was obscured by the fact that historically,  parliament's power had been only used for maintaining an imperial commercial system,  but 

leaving the internal concerns of each colony under local direction. 

This 'benign neglect' resulted in the development of resident control with mostly colonial-born leaders.

 

This contrast of English and American ideas of representation was fundamental and central to the conflict. 

 

The Boston Tea Party of the year 1773 was evidence that even a bargain low internal tax in place of the normal expensive duty would not tempt the New Englanders to give up their principles.  

Britain then concentrated on efforts at coercion and passed a series of acts (The Port Acts) which hopefully would have the effect of bringing the colonists to a due respect for imperial power; but, instead of improving, conditions grew worse.  

The breach slowly widened and the Revolution passed from the stage of controversy to that of war.

 

The English side of the argument: "We pay huge taxes, Americans pay no taxes, Can't they help out with a tiny amount to support their own border defense?"

The American side of the argument: "We have no voice in the government, Why can't we have representation in the government if we must pay taxes?" 

 

ADDITIONAL DISPLAY ITEMS:

"Shout out"
We would like to give a huge "THANK YOU" to the Old Fort!!! They have alowed us to display six (6) 8' posters the "War of 1812" - which include FULL COLOR American artwork....
which has been given to them (on Loan) from the United States Naval Museum!!!
This is a great opportunity to see the "War of 1812" through the perspective eyes of the U.S. Navy.



(on loan from Ben Clark)

-Treasures of Tutankhamun - Figurines
-Historical Black Entertainers - in Pictures
-Black Historical Figures- in Educational Books
-The African-American Calendar of Historical Figures - by George Beach
other references:


SPECIAL ADDITIONS:

- JUNGLE BOOK:A copy of the original corrected typed draft of the book..and....A copy of Disney's drawing of "Mowgli"

- The Homestead Act and Indiana map (there is also a copy at the Old Fort along with a copy of a Dutch Drawn Map from 1739...showing the area of "New France", that would later become Fort Wayne.) 

- Egyptian Sandstone Carvings covering the time frame of Ahmose, Thutmosis I, Amenhotep IV, Amenhotep III,Amenhotep II, Amenhotep I (whose father died slightly after the birth of Moses according to Biblical chronology), Thoth (the Egyptian god of writing), and Hieroglyphics on a Ushabti Doll (1570 B.C. - 1342 B.C)


- Models of some of the great Sailing ships including replicas of a Egyptian Bireme , the U.S.S. Constitution, and more.....


- The Final Indian Peace Treaty Between the United States and Every Indian Tribe in the United States. The Declaration of Allegiance of the American Indians to the United Sates which includes a few pages of the thumb prints of all of the Indian Tribe leaders.

- The First Female President of The United States of America: Edith Bolling Wilson. Not officially voted into office, but never the less ran the Executive Branch from October 1919 to March 1921. On display is a letter that she wrote in 1933 about the depression.

- The Olympics: The Original Proposal for the FIRST MODERN Olympic Games

- The First Female Russian Cosmonaut - Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova -After 48 orbits and 71 hours, she returned to earth, having spent more time in space than all U.S. astronauts combined to that date.

Piqua Hall


3039 Piqua Ave., Fort Wayne, IN 46806

(260) 449-9551


Fort Wayne Piqua Hall  Hours: 
Tuesday-Friday: 10 a.m. to 4 p.m..
Saturdays: By Appointment

(closed Saturday, undays, Mondays, Holidays)

Current Exhibit:

NOTE: Exhibit End Dates subject to change.

North West Maps of Exploration

An excellent collection of Early Maps depicting the west coast of the United States. Most date prior to the creation of the United States of America.

And.....

Hand Drawn "City View" Maps by Sebastian Munster
-JERUSALEM
-CONSTANTINOPLE
-FLORENCE
-COLN
-ROME
-COBOLENTZE
-VIENNA
-HEIDELBERG



SPECIAL DOCUMENT:
First Map of Iran - 1478
 
The Babylonians ruled the world in the sixth century B.C. Yet, afterwards, in the course of about half a century, they ceased to exist. This is remarkable enough, but it is even more astounding that their successors, the Persians, had not existed before! In 560 B.C., Cyrus the Great became the king of Persia, a small state in the Middle East, and within 30 years had replaced the Babylonian empire with his own.
 
In 597 to 586 BC, the Chaldeans (Southern Babylonians) had conquered  Jerusalem and forced the most prominent citizens of Judah: professionals, teachers priests, craftsmen, and the wealthy into exile in the city of Babylon. They kept these Jews together, hoping that the Babylonian citizens would benefit by associating with such an accumulation of so many scholars. Indeed these scholars used this period to create and put into writing the greatest book of all time, The Hebrew Bible.
 
In 538, Cyrus the Great allowed the Jews to return to Judah and Jerusalem and re-establish their identity and religion. It is amazing that The Book of Isaiah refers to Cyrus (King of what will be the future state of Iran) as the Messiah!

ALSO we have exhibits covering:

A Statue of Joan of Arc 

and

One of the few known letters by King Charles VII to have survived.




About Us:

The Karpeles Museums are a national chain with thirteen museums in the U.S., specializing in the preservation and display of original, historically significant documents and manuscripts.

Admission is always free of charge. 

Visit our national website to view the other eleven museums online:

www.karpeles.com


Please Note:

We do not do appraisals....Nor are we able to purchase.