1 Newsdesk


Hapū lays claim to school grounds with peaceful occupation
Overnight wind and rain dampened their tents but not the resolve of Taranaki hapū members occupying land they claim is theirs.

About 50 members and supporters of Ngati Tamāhuroa me Titahi hapū have occupied the former Pihama School site on State Highway 45 in coastal Taranaki since January 11, with up to 120 people some days.

The peaceful protest aimed to remind the Government and the two iwi whose areas the land lies in, that they wanted official recognition of their hapū and of their historical ownership of the school site, spokesman Garth Weston said

Maori input vital for abuse inquiry
A group of leading experts says factors that led to the targeting of Maori families by child-welfare agencies need to be a major part of any inquiry into abuse of children and vulnerable adults in state and out of home care.

The Government has made setting up such an inquiry one of the commitments for its first 100 days.

They recommend the royal commission covers historic and contemporary abuse in care, hears evidence from a wide range of people, has powers to compel witnesses and the production of documents and has a significant research capacity.

It should also have responsibility for setting compensation and other redress.....

Tikanga on the table as Waitangi prepares for Jacinda Ardern’s visit
Jacinda Ardern's speaking rights and where she'll be seated during the formal ceremony at Waitangi is being discussed today.

Misunderstanding of tikanga for women leaders has caused controversy in the past, with Helen Clark reduced to tears in 1998.

However, a spokesperson for the marae says it is important the timing is correct and that any tapu is removed before she speaks.

In some iwi, women traditionally sit behind male speakers during formal welcomes, which historically offered better protection for the child bearers of the tribe......

Iwi needed for civil defence
The review was started last year by the previous Government with cross-party support, and headed by former National Party deputy leader Roger Sowry.

Civil Defence Minister Kris Faafoi says he will consider its recommendations as he meets with local authorities, iwi and other groups over the next few months.

The review calls for a national emergency management agency and “fly-in” teams of professionals for a rapid response.

Local authorities would retain a major role, with mayors responsible for declaring states of emergency but iwi would be added to the existing joint governance committees in each area.

“We found a compelling case for iwi to be represented at all levels of the group structure. As a result, we recommend clearer protocols with iwi, and full participation of iwi in coordination and planning structures,” it says......

Millions spent on controversial Māori land bill
Millions of dollars were spent by the previous government on the failed Māori land bill, which one political leader labelled "a poisonous and destructive cancer".

Documents released under the Official Information Act reveal the National-led government spent $5.2 million on investigating how to establish a Māori Land Service despite widespread opposition and the bill not being passed into law.....

Multimillion dollar boost for te reo
Efforts to get more people using te reo Māori at home and in the community are getting a boost with a new regional funding model.

Māori language body Te Mātāwai developed the new model over the last two years, with the Tainui region in Waikato set to receive its share of more than $10 million.

For the last two years, Maehe Paki has worked at a ground level in her role with the iwi organisation Waikato Tainui.

In that time she has also seen wider community interest in the language grow and last year worked with Westpac on the rollout of a Māori language option at Waikato ATM machines......

Tuariki Delamere appointed new political advisor to the Maori King Tuheitia
A speech made on the king's behalf by Mr Delamere, who served as the Immigration Minister, has signalled the Maori monarch's unconditional support for the Labour-led government, despite his backing of the Maori Party in the lead up to last September's election.

Mr Delamere says he's humbled to be King Tuheitias' advisor on all things politics.

Tuariki replaces former Maori Party chairman Tukoroirangi Morgan......

Myers Park's taniwha sculpture put on hold due to increasing costs
Auckland Council has put a moving taniwha sculpture on ice.

The $460,000 taniwha artwork, fully funded by Auckland Council, was meant to create a gateway beneath the Mayor Drive underpass.

It was designed to link the park to the city and improve the perception of Myers Park as a public space......

Oranga Tamariki looks to recruit more social workers
Oranga Tamariki - the Ministry for Children - is needing more than just a new name, it needs to fill more than 100 social work jobs too.

It has hired about 200 social workers since changing from Child, Youth and Family nine months ago, bringing the number to about 1200, but it is still short.

Meanwhile, the $400,000 name-change for Oranga Tamariki comes into effect today.

The change is expected to cost $418,000 to update signs, stationery and a computer system.......

Changing attitudes in the power game
Hickman believes that as a country, New Zealand benefits hugely from Māori values.

“I think they are a massive strategic advantage for us as they flow through to our whole culture. Māori have longer timeframes, they don’t look so much for short-term benefits. One local Iwi has a 1000-year vision.....

Restoration and research of a nationally significant Māori storehouse to begin
The Dowse Art Museum's only permanent exhibition in Lower Hutt is getting a facelift.

Nuku Tewhatewha, the 162-year-old Māori storehouse, has a long history, from its creation as part of the Māori King movement to its years on a pākehā farm.

All up, the project would cost $148,500, funded by the Hutt City Council......

Poll on Maori seats looks likely to challenge Western Bay of Plenty council decision

A poll looks almost certain to be held to challenge the decision to have separate Maori seats on the Western Bay of Plenty District Council.

Councillors who opposed the decision to have a Maori ward or wards for the 2019 and 2022 elections have succeeded in raising the 1708 signatures needed to force the council into holding a district-wide poll on the issue.

''We are feeling comfortable about achieving 3000 signatures,'' Te Puke councillor Mike Lally said.

He and fellow councillor Margaret Murray-Benge believe they will gather more than enough signatures to guarantee a poll - even if a couple of hundred signatures on the petition turned out to be people ineligible to vote in the Western Bay District.

Murray-Benge said they had well over 2000 signatures already and there were still plenty to come in.

Mikaere was not surprised or disheartened the 1708 signatures would be reached, but he was slightly disappointed. ''It might not be this time.''

So when will it happen, he was asked. ''Biology will take care of that,'' he replied referring to intermarriage between Maori and Pakeha......

Local govt, iwi in hospital rebuild group
Local government and iwi representatives are among Dunedin organisations invited to form a new group to advise on the rebuild of Dunedin Hospital.......

Man tries using police lack of te reo Maori as defence in Rotorua District Court
A man facing three charges has been told by a Rotorua District Court judge his intention to argue he was not dealt with by police in te reo Maori will not be an adequate defence.

Tauhu Mitai-Ngatai, 58, appeared in court today facing three charges, including refusing to give police a blood sample on December 29, wilful damage and breaching court release conditions.

Mitai-Ngatai had asked the court to deal with his case in te reo however Judge Phillip Cooper said that was not possible as an interpreter wasn't able to be found in such a short time frame.

The judge said the law stated the court was required to provide an interpreter within 14 days of a request being made but Mitai-Ngatai's request was only made two days in advance.

Mitai-Ngatai, who represented himself, said he wanted to make the point people's desires to speak te reo Maori with government departments was not being taken seriously.

Judge Cooper said he understood where he was coming from and offered an interpreter to be in court when he was sentenced on February 16......

High cardiac arrest rate in Māori prompts medical gift
A potentially life-saving gift has been donated to Marlborough maraes to help curb the high rate of deaths caused by cardiac arrest.

Two Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) have been donated to Omaka and Waikawa maraes as part of a project geared towards reducing the number of cardiac arrest fatalities among Māori......

Decolonising the curriculum
An Auckland primary school teacher of 25 years, Tamsin Hanley has mortgaged her home to be able to research and produce 'A critical guide to Māori and Pākehā histories', a professional development package aimed at educating teachers about accurate histories of NZ.

"It's giving them local, accurate, decolonised critical histories for them to teach," says Hanley.

Her master's degree research found that some schools aren't teaching accurate histories.

"They teach generally what I call 'standard story' which is a kind of colonial version, like [Captain James] Cook discovered the country and the English Treaty is the [correct] Treaty version and all this stuff which we know now is inaccurate."

Hanley says that under the NZ Curriculum, every school is meant to enact the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi. However, she suggests that schools can't honour the Treaty if the teachers don't understand the accurate histories of NZ......

Poll: More than 60 percent oppose Maori wards
More than 60 percent of voters and ratepayers in the Western Bay of Plenty, Manawatu, and Palmerston North disagree with a proposal by their councils to set up Maori wards, a poll commissioned by equality group Hobson’s Pledge revealed today.

The poll, conducted by market research company PureProfile, surveyed by email 340 people in the three areas in the second week of last month. There is no sign of any other poll on this question in those areas.

It found that in the Western Bay of Plenty area, a majority of 59.7% disagreed with the Maori ward proposal, with only 9.7% supporting the move, and the remainder with no opinion.

In Palmerston North, a majority of 63% disagreed with Maori wards, 5% supported the move, and the remainder with no opinion.

In Manawatu, a majority of 63% disagreed with Maori wards, 12% in support, with the others having no opinion.

Hobson’s Pledge spokesman Don Brash said that councils did not undertake any public consultation on the matter whatsoever before making their decisions.

“Had they bothered to consult the people they are supposed to represent, they would have seen the huge opposition to this separatist policy,” Dr Brash said.......

Te Reo Maori needs relevance, not artificial feel-good factor 
Victoria University of Wellington's Professor Rawinia Higgins says statistics show Maori people live outside of the language and choose not to see the relevance of the language to themselves because it appears to lack any relevance to society.

Ironically, in recent years, there's been a push by Caucasian Kiwis to "have a go" at speaking the language. Some of these noble good sorts do so, with the "look at me" attitude that goes with it, making their endeavours come across as disingenuous.

Language evolves and changes and the 'use it or lose it' rule applies.

But trying to prop up a language artificially, when it lacks daily relevance beyond the feel-good factor, is doomed to failure......

Saving Te Reo is the Maori people's responsibility - Bill English
Bill English says it comes down to Māori to preserve Te Reo.

"The language will be saved by the people who own it and love speaking it," the National Party leader told The AM Show on Tuesday.

"Māori need to speak Māori if they want to preserve the language."

"The Government has some obligations through the treaty. It's met them in my view. We've spent a lot of money on TV, on resources for schools and so on......

Meeting iwi values crucial to success
Finding a framework for a proposed Remarkables National Park that addresses Ngai Tahu’s concerns is a key to the park’s creation, a proponent says.

Federated Mountain Clubs (FMC) president Peter Wilson says he is as optimistic about the park’s long-term prospects as he was last June, when FMC and Forest & Bird launched their campaign to lobby for the proposal.

FMC had discussed the proposal with Ngai Tahu and was keen to continue the talks to explore how to better address iwi values in the park’s framework, Mr Wilson said.

He was encouraged by an agreement reached by four Taranaki iwi as part of Treaty of Waitangi settlement negotiations that would give them sovereignty over land within Egmont National Park.

That provided a model that could be applied to the Remarkables proposal, he said......

Voters urged to ignore Maori ward petition
Whakatane mayor Tony Bonne is urging voters to ignore a petition promoted by the Hobson’s Pledge lobby group seeking to overturn a council decision to create Maori wards for the next election.

Mr Bonne says the nation is maturing, and once Maori wards are in place people will ask why there was a fuss.

“I am confident that once (wards are) introduced our district will move forward so much quicker for the benefit of all.

Whakatane-based list MP Kiritapu Allen is also urging support for the seats, given that 43 percent of the population in the area is Maori......

Explosive” book on Māori language released by academic
Historian Professor Paul Moon, from Auckland University of Technology, has released a short book on the present state of the Mori language, titled Killing Te Reo Mori: An Indigenous Language Facing Extinction

Among the main points of the book are:

* The Māori language is facing extinction as a living language

* Compulsory Māori language in schools will contribute to the language’s demise instead of saving it

* Many of the initiatives aimed to save the language are having the opposite effect

* The insistence on the correct pronunciation of Māori is damaging the language

Professor Moon has drawn on hundreds of reports and studies to show why the current approach to preserving the Māori language is having the opposite effect,.......

Tensions at lake reignited
Tensions dating back more than 150 years were reignited amongst Lake Ferry residents this week as the mouth of Lake Onoke was once again reopened.

The Greater Wellington Regional Council used diggers to open the mouth of the lake to control rising water levels as part of its ongoing flood management scheme.

Lake Ferry resident, Mary Tipoki, strongly opposed the opening of the lake mouth and said the subject was an underlying cause of conflict in the area for almost 160 years.

But Adrienne Staples from the Greater Wellington Regional Council [GWRC] advised the opening of the lake mouth was necessary to prevent billions of dollars’ worth of damage to surrounding farms and residential properties.

Mrs Tipoki had written a 19-page document outlining the cultural significance of keeping the mouth closed, which had historically allowed Maori to rely on eeling at the lake for both food and trade.....

Call for Maori voice on cannabis
The Government should consider a "double majority" for its intended referendum on cannabis to give Maori an equal voice on potential law reform regarding a drug which affects them disproportionately, an academic says.

As part of the Confidence and Supply Agreement between Labour and the Greens, a referendum on legalising the personal use of cannabis will be held at or by the 2020 general election.

Maori make up 51% of the prison population and 44% of those have been jailed for drug offences. Studies have found Maori cannabis usage rates are double that of non-Maori.

Given those statistics, the Government should consider sounding out Maori opinion on cannabis law reform by making the planned referendum a double majority referendum, University of Otago law professor Andrew Geddis said......

Campaign to support more Auckland Māori business women
An Auckland business network is campaigning to increase their Māori businesswomen. The move is part of an initiative by Auckland Tourism, Events and Economic Development (ATEED).

The KidsCoin founder and CEO says the more Māori business women the better!.....

Petition launched over Whakatāne Māori ward
The establishment of a Māori ward on the Whakatāne District Council has sparked fierce debate in the town.

It follows a six to five vote in favour of Māori wards by councillors last year.

Māori make up 43 percent of the Whakatāne population, and many residents, including local iwi, believe there should be a designated Māori seat at the decision-making table.

But not everyone agrees, including lobbying group Hobson's Pledge, who have launched a petition demanding a referendum.

Former councillor David Dowd has signed the petition and said Māori wards should go to a public vote.

"A six to five majority was not the way to make this decision. We had a ... referendum on the subject about 10 years ago, 70 percent of voters then opposed the formation of Māori wards.

"It's simply about democracy."

The push for a referendum has been met with fierce opposition.

A social media campaign led by Toni Boynton is encouraging people to post images of themselves holding signs backing Māori wards.....

Māori climate change claims draw a long bow
OPINION: The Mātaatua District Mā​ori Council has lodged a claim with the Waitangi Tribunal alleging that New Zealand has breached its obligations to Māori by failing to implement policies that will address climate change.

The council says that provisions of the Waitangi Treaty make the government responsible for the "active protection" of natural resources such as forests and fisheries on behalf of Māori. In short, the claim is that the government has reneged on the commitments it made at the 2015 Paris Climate Conference and this has negatively affected Māori interests, both economic and cultural.

Now this raises several interesting points.

The use of the Treaty to protect Māori interests is one thing but to include climate change as a specific issue is nothing short of ludicrous, a very long straw indeed.

Also, why is it that Māori consider themselves separate from the rest of New Zealand? Surely this is a time for collective responsibility not separatism based on race? Was it only Māori affected by the recent floods on the Coromandel?

Climate change is a reality for all of us so to raise this purely as a Treaty claim and base it on a US case that is spurious to say the least is nothing short of vexatious, especially given our change of government......

Axe attack on NZ Wars memorial
A self-described “anti-colonial activist group” is claiming credit for vandalising a New Zealand Wars memorial on the corner of Symonds Street and City Road in Auckland early this morning

An axe was stuck to the head of a statue of Zealandia and a poster reading” Fascism and White Supremacy are not Welcome Here” was placed over a plaque.

The anonymous group issued a statement saying: “The ‘Zealandia’ war memorial is an ode to the violent and brutal occupation of Māori lands. It celebrates the ongoing colonisation of Aotearoa, its lands and its peoples. The settler capitalist system imposed on this land is a poison that works to systematically oppress indigenous peoples throughout the world to the benefit of corporations and the super-rich. It is a system that is doomed to fail.”......

Restrictions in place for Rotorua river over recent death
Restrictions have been placed on Te Awahou River in Rotorua due to an incident which led to Donald Bidois’s death, aged 51.

A coroner has yet to confirm the cause of Bidois death, however, the local iwi of Ngāti Rangiwewehi is urging swimmers or fishermen’s to respect their wishes.

“Now the rahui has been put into place to allow the wairua to seven days cycle to flow. Also to let the people know that somebody has drowned there.”.....

New Zealand Wars commemoration set for 11th March
The famous flagpole chopped down by Hone Heke is at the center of the latest national remembrance event being facilitated by numerous tribal leaders of Northland.

“There will undoubtedly be a lot of people descending here due to their love of this initiative,” says Pita Tipene (Ngāti Hine).

The organising committee of the event, aptly named 'Te Pūtake o Te Riri', has met in Kawakawa to finalise arrangements for the proposed three-day national remembrance event.

“One thing is clear - we are looking at the 11th March 2018 as the day of national remembrance. That was the day that Kawiti, Hone Heke and the like began a siege on the government of the time,” says Mr. Tipene, the chairman of the board vested with organising the national event.

The Māori Party secured funding of $4 million, over four years, in Budget 2016 to support New Zealand Land Wars commemorations.....

Holidaymakers claim threats made over Far North beach rahui
A Rodney man is warning other holidaymakers to steer clear of Cable Bay after his family was threatened by young men claiming to be enforcing a rahui.

Following the tragedy a rahui was imposed on part of the bay, prohibiting swimming or seafood gathering.

However, a Rodney man said he and his family had been threatened by young men enforcing the rahui. The men also claimed the rahui included a ban on playing on the beach.

They kept away for the first few days, then went to the beach about 5pm on Saturday for a game of touch. His group was approached by a man in his 20s, accompanied by two older women, who filmed beachgoers on their phones and told them to ''Clear off''.

''He told us 'You can't swim here, you can't fish here, you can't play on the beach, so get out of here'.''

On Monday afternoon his wife took their children, aged 2 and 3, to play in the stream at Cable Bay. They were joined by four other children ranging in age from 4 to 8.

She was approached by another man who told her to leave. Dan's wife said they were only playing on the beach, not going into the sea, so they had every right to stay.

''He got right up in her face and told her to leave. He threatened to bring some more people to the beach to remove them. It smelt like he'd been drinking. The kids were pretty upset.''

Hone Bassett, a trustee at the local Parapara Marae, said a lack of education about rahui and other Maori cultural practices was an issue around the country.

"If our partners who have been here for 170-odd years can't understand that, there's not much we can do," he said.

"We can't be in control of our young people when people are desecrating our culture."

"We have to put these rahui in place for protection of our culture, it's really protection for all people," Mr Bassett said. "When it comes to drowning, we take that very seriously."

Mr Bassett confirmed the rahui was lifted yesterday morning.....

We’re keen to recruit a new generation of Māori candidates – English
National leader and former Prime Minister Bill English admits that the party needs to rethink their approach if they are to get Māori support in the next election and he is keen to get some fresh new Māori talent to do it.

As part of a series of sit-down interviews with the five political leaders in parliament, the National leader tells Te Kāea political reporter Heta Gardiner, “Having got a small proportion of Māori votes we will have to rethink how we achieve that in the future. It’s an important and influential group of voters. We’ll be keen to recruit a new generation of Māori candidates."

English believes his party’s approach is aligned with how modern Māori think.

"It’s taking control, it is Tino Rangatiratanga and we will stick to that, even if we didn’t do so well with Māori in the last election.”.....

Winery and iwi look to develop alternative to controversial Te Mata Peak walking track
Craggy Range winery executives met with iwi and council members on Friday.

In a statement released on Monday, Wilding said the company remained committed to removing the track.

"However, it is clear that there is considerable public support for walking access on the eastern slopes of the peak, and today we have agreed to work together on exploring an alternative that can hopefully satisfy everyone."

Tomoana said the iwi "look forward to working collaboratively with [Craggy Range] and others to explore the development of walking access on the eastern slopes of the peak – this is a chance for us all to work together to create something exceptional. It has been great to have the opportunity to sit down and talk it over with all parties".

The company was developing a remediation plan and would soon apply for resource consent to remove the track. Work on removing the track was likely to start in autumn. The track remains closed.

A petition to keep the track as it is has gained more than 9000 signatures.......

Solve Māori inequality with pan-Māori not iwi organisations – Peters
New Zealand First leader and Deputy Prime Minister Winston Peters says that we need to invest in pan Māori Organisations to stop from ‘diluting’ the talent and resources into many different iwi organisations.

“Well it’s always been my belief that you can only solve it (Māori inequality) with sound pan Māori organisations, not iwi organisations."

"Pan-Māori organisations can be overseeing the iwi organisations and what we have in this country now is iwi by iwi development and you so dilute your talent you so dilute your skills you so dilute your cost structure when you’re paying over and over for the same thing."

Continuing on with his critique of Māori organisations Peters talked about the need to avoid favouritism among Māori

“In the Māori world, we need to understand far better that you need the best. Far too many of us and our relations don’t get that, they say blood is thicker than water. Not when it comes to money it’s not, you need the best possible person there even if they happen to be a European or dear I say it an Asian, or an American.".......

Manawatū District Council invests $5m into roading upgrades
The contract to replace the bridge was awarded in March 2016, but was immediately halted after two problems with resource consents, engineer Jim Mestyanek said. Ngāti Kauwhata objected to the proposal and the hydrology calculations contained an error, which required redesign.

Without a consent, the council was forced to stand the contractor, Bailey Civil Ltd, down and the site was closed for 18 months.

The council struck an agreement with Ngāti Kauwhata in August to allow for a paid iwi observer during periods of excavation to produce a cultural report following any work in the stream bed.

Despite being stood down in 2016, Bailey Civil Ltd had shown a "significant amount" of goodwill by not claiming compensation for frustration or loss of profit, Mestyanek said........

Preventing youth reoffending through indigenouspractice
A health and wellness program created by a Māori whānau is making use of indigenous practices to help empower youth prisoners and prevent reoffending.

The Turongo Collective is run by Karena Koria, his wife Milly Grant-Koria and Puriri Koria, all from Rongowhakaata, Te Aitanga-ā-Māhaki and Ngati Kohuru.

The three tutors have spent the last six months teaching up to 30 young people twice a week at the Korowai Manaaki youth prison based in Manurewa, Auckland......

Matakana Island blockaded with barbed wire and fence posts
Visitors to Bay of Plenty's Matakana Island were greeted with piles of a barbed wire and a sign saying "Bugga Off!" this morning.

Kewpie Cruise owner Brandon Stone said the one of his vessels discovered the debris this morning, supposedly marking a tribal boundary, and cancelled their trip to the island.

Stone says it is the latest act of aggression against his tour business from a few "bad apples" on the island.

A sign placed at the front of the Panepane wharf reads, "This is the tribal boundary of Tauwhao, Te Ngare, Tamawhariua, Tauairi, and Tuwhiwhia."......

A Māori perspective on the climate crisis
As part of the Living on the Edge series, reporter Deena Coster explores a Māori perspective on climate change.

Taranaki woman Emily Bailey believes climate change is a Treaty of Waitangi issue.

The environmentalist thinks the issue presents a direct threat to Māori and she's not the only one.

Last year, a statement of claim was lodged with the Waitangi Tribunal by the Mataatua District Maori Council.

The claim, made on behalf of all tangata whenua, asserts the Government had failed to fulfil its Treaty of Waitangi obligations to protect Māori land and property.

As a result, it said Māori will suffer serious consequences......

$1 million research partnership with Maori business cluster
High-Value Nutrition National Science Challenge has partnered with Nuku ki te Puku, a cluster of Māori-owned food and beverage businesses, in a $1m project to prototype how Māori businesses and some of the country’s top researchers can share science and cultural expertise to collaborate on the development of new food for health products for export.

Challenge Director Joanne Todd said, “This is very much a partnership with mutual benefit. The Nuku ki te Puku business cluster will build experience in translating research into high-value food products for commercialisation. For Challenge-funded researchers, it is an opportunity to gain insight into mātauranga, the Māori worldview, and learn from Māori businesses who already have a presence in the key markets the Challenge is focusing on.”......

Waikato river marae to trial first nitrate wireless sensor
In a first, a scientific research charitable business is working with a Waikato marae to release a wireless sensor that measures nitrate levels in rivers. Lead project researcher Dr Leonie Jones says it will give local iwi the tools to care for their ancestral Waikato river.

The Waikato River of a hundred taniwha - at every bend a taniwha can be found. The ancestral waters will soon have sensors to take care of its waters

Dr Jones says, “The project gives kaitiaki tools to help them better monitor the river, so it allows them to get data that is substantial and comprehensive. So that gives them a footing in the door of councils.”

The wireless sensor prototype has been in development since 2016, with a $250,000 fund from the governments Science for Technological Innovation. It will measure nitrate levels in real time.......

Mana motuhake for iwi to pursue
The country’s leading Maori jurist says mana motuhake or self determination needs to be tackled on a tribal level.

Justice Joe Williams has been promoted to the Court of Appeal after a decade on the High Court bench.

Justice Williams says the settlement process in New Zealand has been much quicker than in Australia or Canada, which are dealing with similar legacies of colonialism.

Whether it will lead to mana motuhake remains to be seen.

“I think the tribal runanga are still working out how to build that (mana motuhake) and it’s a matter of attitude as much as it a matter of real power on the ground and iwi are still working out their attitude to that on the ground and I think we are still a couple of generations away from resolving what the end product will look like,”....