Assessment & reporting

Assessment & reporting in secondary (EDED 20486) is a course (subject) at CQUniversity Australia

There needs to be clear alignment between: 1. Curriculum requirements, and 2. Learning experiences (including pedagogy), and 3. Assessment. 
These three key areas must align: assess what is taught and teach what is required (including mandatory curriculum requirements as well as teacher/school developed).

1. Curriculum in Queensland
This is developed by the QCAA (and schools/schooling authorities/teachers as relevant), and implemented by schools with significant partnership arrangements between Queensland's 1900+ schools and the QCAA. Information on syllabus development is at QCAA Syllabus development

From the QCAA in P-10 in Queensland, there is a dual curriculum at present in Queensland:
Australian Curriculum in Queensland learning areas that have been/are being rolled out, and for all other learning areas the 
Queensland Curriculum that consists of three areas: The Early Years Curriculum Guidelines, the Essential Learnings and Standards Years 1-9, and the Year 10 Guidelines
As a member of the Curriculum Committee P-12 for the State of Queensland, Ken has been involved in the processes bring these in for P-10 (and Kindergarten),  as well as Authority Subjects and Subject Area Syllabuses for Years 11 & 12. Ken's main interest has been in Years 11 & 12 having been appointed the the then Queensland Minister of Education in 1992 to the Governing Authority of the Queensland Board of Senior Secondary School Studies, and as a member of the Moderation Committee at that time. Since 1992 Ken has had ongoing senior appointments for P-12 in Queensland in assessment, moderation and curriculum (see kp.cqu.edu.au).
From the QCAA for Years 11 & 12 it is:

2. Learning experiences (including pedagogy) in Queensland
This is teacher, school and schooling authority determined. The three schooling authorities in Queensland are the state schools of Education Queensland (with about 70% of the students P-12), The Queensland Catholic Education Commission (QCEC - with about 20% of students), and the Association of Independent Schools Queensland (AISQ - with about 10% of the students). Note that most curriculum documents P-12 use a directed inquiry approach.

3. Assessments in Queensland
While we have a school based system that in Years 11 & 12 is externally moderated, we also have some common external assessments. These include NAPLAN for Years 3, 5, 7 & 9, and the Queensland Core Skills Test (QCSTest) for Year 12. Soon we likely will have QCAA endorsed as well as QCAA set and marked assessments in Years 11 & 12 in various Authority Subjects (there is a major trial underway from 2015 following the ACER Review). Information on QCAA assessment policy P-12 is at Student assessment. Key resources from QCAA are:


Years 1-10:
Years 11 & 12:



Useful resources include:

Queensland Curriculum & Assessment Authority (QCAA - up to July 2014, QSA)


Other resources of interest:


Years 11 & 12 Assessment Hub QCAA

Standards based assessment requires descriptors of standards for students and assessors. Those 'words on a page' gain meaning through experience of looking for evidence of standards in students' complex works. Conversations between assessors about evidence in student work develops shared understandings of standards. This enhances assessor on balance judgments of which standards the evidence in the students work most looks like (see Figure 1). As markers engage in marking their understandings of standards are refreshed - often they mark similar work year after year and so their expertise about standards is constantly refreshed.

Figure 1: Standards based assessment and consensus judgments

Assessment responses

Figure 2: Relationship between curriculum, assessment and pedagogy


Australia & international

  • ACACA - Australian Curriculum, Assessement and Certification Auhorities 
  • ACACA Guidelines for Assessment Quality and Equity
  • Moderated evidence of student work from South Australia
  • Assessment by the Higher Education Authority of the U.K.
  • Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice - international refereed journal
  • Professor Royce Sadler
  • Inter-marker reliability studies

    Online marking


    For more details on CQUniversity's innovative Bachelor of Learning Management (BLM) see Ken's webpage.


                                                                      Page updated January 2016 
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