On August 13, 1904 60 acres of land in Cobb County was transferred to the Dan McCook Brigade Asso. This was the start of today’s Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park. On June 27th 1914 a monument to the battle was unveiled near the site of the heaviest fighting at Cheatham Hill. Authorized by Congress, Kennesaw Mountain became a National Battlefield Site. The land in and around the park was home to the Creek and Cherokee Indians from the year 900 till the 1830’s when the Cherokee Indians were removed from the area, which is known as part of the Trail of Tears. The name Kennesaw comes from the Cherokee word Gah-nee-sah, meaning burial ground. From 1861 to 1864 Camp McDonald a Confederate Army training camp was located a few miles north of the park. Over 3,000 Confederate soldiers were trained here. In the 1930’s the park was home to the Civilian Conservation Corps’ Camp Brumby until early 1942. Some 200 men lived and work here making trails and installing cannons sites etc. under the supervision of the army. Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park is 3500 acres in size, and has over 20 miles of hiking trails, with more trails being opened every year. The park had 1.9 million visitors in 2012, more than Gettysburg National Battlefield. The park is located in Cobb County, GA just west of Interstate 75, approx. 2 miles northwest of Marietta, GA.
On May 6th 1864, south of Chattanooga, TN, General Sherman along with 100,000 soldiers, 254 cannons and 35,000 horses started what is known as the Atlanta Campaign. By June 18th 1864 General Sherman had reached the Kennesaw Mountain area. From June 19th till July 2nd battles raged, at Noonday Creek, Kolb Farm, Cheatham Hill, Pigeon Hill and then Kennesaw Mountain. The heaviest fighting started on June 27th with intermittent fighting and truces until July 2nd. It was then that General Sherman sent his Army of the Tennessee around Gen Johnston’s left flank. Gen Johnston was forced to retreat to a position at Smyrna. 5350 soldiers were killed at the battle of Kennesaw Mountain. Kennesaw Mountain was considered a tactical defeat for the Union Army.
It was the end of Sept. 2012 that I
asked Park Ranger Amanda Corman to allow me to locate, mark GPS wise
and photograph historic markers and new finds at Kennesaw National
Battlefield. The 1st week of Oct. I started out on this
project. It was quite an adventure for me. I am a Trail Ambassador at
the park and normally walk the trails, greet hikers and check for
hazards on the trails. But to get off the trails and look for
markers, homesteads and items that where left behind by the troops
that fought and died here was eye opening. I researched civil war
maps to see where troops were located and where their lines of
attack started. I then followed those positions and started to
search. The following pages show those locations and pictures of