Birds of Karnataka


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ABOUT KARNATAKA

Karnataka state as seen on Google Map


Location:  11 31' to 18 45' N and 74 12' to 78 40'                                                                    

Area:
Geographical Area: 19.2 million hactares (1.92 lakh Sq. kms)
Forest Cover(19.6 0/0 ): 3.82 million hactares ( 38,284.30 Sq. kms)
Reserve Forest: 2.86 million hactares (28,689 .96 Sq. kms)

Population (2001 census): 52.85 Million #

Capital: Bengaluru City (formerly Bangalore) 

Forest types (& percentage):
Evergreen ( 11.34 %)
Semi Evergreen (3.77 %)
Moist Deciduous (14.96 %)
Dry Deciduous (18.64 %)
Scrub and Thorny (21.11 %)
Unwooded (30.18 %)

 Map courtesy: Karnataka Forest Department

Sanctuaries and Parks:
Karnataka has
> 5 national parks (2472.18 Sq. kms)
> 21 wildlife sanctuaries (3451.03 Sq. kms) and
> many conservation reserves

Climate / Weather:
Temperature ranging from a minimum of 3 C in the hills in winter to 48 C in the plains in summer.
Annual average rainfall varying from 400 mm in the dry plains to over 7,500 mm in the Western Ghats.

Regions:
The bio-geographic regions of Karnataka are broadly classified as:
a) Coastal Karnataka
b) Western Ghats
c) Deccan Plateau / Eastern Plains

Sources of Information:

# Government of India website: http://india.gov.in/knowindia/st_karnataka.php