The development of any society is considered complete when women of that society are socially and economically considered at par with men. Women empowerment has its own benefits but one of the major ones is that fact that it leads to reduction in crime rates and atrocities specially against women.

Social empowerment of women is also more important as they are considered as stabilising factors of society at large. Women have proven themselves to be as capable as men all over the world and this should also be one of the main aims of upliftment of model villages.

Through this program the following shall be achieved :-

 · Education of young women and housewifes

· IT education and awareness programs on women rights

· Social Interaction between women and men in villages and better participation in governance and administration of villages

·Enterpenuer development for women .
 
  Following are projected programe-
 

Women in India face many hassles to be identified as a business entrepreneur; a few problems could be discussed as:-

 

1.      The greatest deterrent to women entrepreneurs is that they are women, because of a male dominant social order, women are perceived as inferior business-doers and finding investors become way too difficult.

2.      Financial institutions like banks also perceive investment in the business run by women to be a higher risk compared to male loonies because of the skepticism related to their entrepreneurship abilities.

3.      Women faces hilarious task while arranging working capital to start a venture, due to little access to funds as they lack in providing tangible security. Situation is worst in developing nations.

4.      The financial institutions also discourage women on the grounds of belief that they can at any time leave business and resume their life as a housewife again. Having family obligations like children, home and dependent family members also prevent them from devoting their time and energy to business.

5.      Married women have to make a fine balance between business and home. In Indian setting business success also depends on the support the family members extend to women in the business process and management as a lot of emphasis is paid to family ties and relationships.

6.      Another argument is that women entrepreneurs have low-level management skills. They have to depend on office staffs and intermediaries, to get things done, especially, the marketing and sales side of business.

7.      The male - female competition is another factor, which develop hurdles to women entrepreneurs in the business management process.

8.      Women also lack knowledge of alternative source of raw materials and high negotiation skills which are the basic requirement to run a business. Getting the raw materials from different source with discount prices is the factor that determines the profit margin.

9.      Low literacy rate of women is another preventive factor that affects the business. Knowledge of latest technological changes, know how, and education level of the person are significant factor that affect business due to lack the education needed to spur successful entrepreneurship.

10.  Low-level risk taking attitude is another factor affecting women folk decision to get into business.

11.  Achievement motivation of the women folk is found less compared to male members. The low level of education and confidence leads to low level achievement and advancement motivation among women folk to engage in business operations and running a business concern.

12.  Finally high production cost of some business operations adversely affects the development of women entrepreneurs. The installation of new machineries during expansion of the productive capacity and like similar factors dissuades the women entrepreneurs from venturing into new areas.

Eco-friendly and agro-based technologies for women

 

1.      Innovative pits establish mangoes

2.       Leaf Cup Making Machine

3.       Greek Basket Hive

4.       Simple Honey Extractor

5.       Mini Parboiling Unit

6.       Egg Preservation Technology

7.       Cabbage Storage Pits

8.       Cabinet Type Solar Drier

9.       Bamboo Solar Drier

10.   Solar Water Still

11.   Steel Fruit Cutter

12.   Comb Type Ground-nut Stripper

13.   Drum Type Groundnut Stripper

14.   Hand Operated Grain Cleaner

15.   Mushroom Cultivation

16.   Mud Pot Spirulina Cultivation

17.   Indore Composting Method

18.   Jean Pain Composting

19.   Winged Bean

20.   Wood Ash Shampoo

21.   Low Cost Preservation of Vegetables

22.   Coconut Dehusker

23.   Milk Preservation Technology

24.   Agricultural tools

25.   Brown Sugar

26.   Fruit Leathers

27.   Fruit Waste Utilization

28.   Mixed Juice small-scale manufacture

29.   Tomato Processing 

30.   Vermiculture

31.   Acquiring an Appropriate Rice-Huller

32.   Dairy Processing - Technical Brief

33.   Honey Processing

34.   Making Powder of Onion, Garlic and Ginger

35.   Pickled Cucumbers - Technical Brief

 

 

 

Other fields

 

1.      Bio-technology

2.      IT enabled enterprises

3.      Event Management

4.      Tourism industry

5.      Telecommunication

6.      Plastic materials

7.      Mineral water

8.      Sericulture

9.      Floriculture

10.  Herbal & health care


Supportive Measures for Women's Economic Activities and Entrepreneurship

1. Direct & indirect financial support

2. Yojna schemes and Programms

3. Technological training and awards

4. Federations and associations

Direct & Indirect Financial Support


1. Nationalized banks

2. State finance corporation

3. State industrial development corporation

4. District industries centers

5. Differential rate schemes

6. Mahila Udyug Needhi scheme

7. Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI)

8. State Small Industrial Development Corporations (SSIDCs)

Yojna Schemes and Programme

1.
Nehru Rojgar Yojna

2. Jacamar Rojgar Yojna

3. TRYSEM

4.  DWACRA

Technological Training and Awards

1. Stree Shakti Package by SBI

2. Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India

3. Trade Related Entrepreneurship Assistance and Development (TREAD)

4. National Institute of Small Business Extension Training (NSIBET)

5. Women's University of Mumbai

Federations and Associations


1. National Alliance of Young Entrepreneurs (NAYE)

2. India Council of Women Entrepreneurs, New Delhi

3. Self Employed Women's Association (SEWA)

4. Association of Women Entrepreneurs of Karnataka (AWEK)

5. World Association of Women Entrepreneurs (WAWE)

6. Associated Country Women of the World (ACWW)

 

How to Develop Women Entrepreneurs?

Right efforts on from all areas are required in the development of women entrepreneurs and their greater participation in the entrepreneurial activities. Following efforts can be taken into account for effective development of women entrepreneurs.

1. Consider women as specific target group for all developmental programmers.

2. Better educational facilities and schemes should be extended to women folk from government part.

3. Adequate training program on management skills to be provided to women community.

4. Encourage women's participation in decision-making.

5. Vocational training to be extended to women community that enables them to understand the production process and production management.

6. Skill development to be done in women's polytechnics and industrial training institutes. Skills should be put to work in training-cum-production workshops.

7. Training on professional competence and leadership skills to be extended to women entrepreneurs.

8. Training and counseling on a large scale of existing women entrepreneurs to remove psychological causes like lack of self-confidence and fear of success.

9. Counseling through the aid of committed NGOs, psychologists, managerial experts and technical personnel should be provided to existing and emerging women entrepreneurs.

10. Continuous monitoring and improvement of training programmers.

11. Activities in which women are trained should focus on their marketability and profitability.

12. Making provision of marketing and sales assistance from government part.

13. To encourage more passive women entrepreneurs the Women training programme should be organized that teach to recognize her own psychological needs and express them.

14. State finance corporations and financing institutions should permit by statute to extend purely trade related finance to women entrepreneurs.

15. Women's development corporations have to gain access to open-ended financing.

16. The financial institutions should provide more working capital assistance both for small scale venture and large scale ventures.

17. Making provision of micro credit system and enterprise credit system to the women entrepreneurs at local level.

18. Repeated gender sensitization programmers should be held to train financiers to treat women with dignity and respect as persons in their own right.

19. Infrastructure, in the form of industrial plots and sheds, to set up industries is to be provided by state run agencies.

20. Industrial estates could also provide marketing outlets for the display and sale of products made by women.

21. A Women Entrepreneur's Guidance Cell set up to handle the various problems of women entrepreneurs all over the state.

22. District Industries Centers and Single Window Agencies should make use of assisting women in their trade and business guidance.

23. Programs for encouraging entrepreneurship among women are to be extended at local level.

24. Training in entrepreneurial attitudes should start at the high school level through well-designed courses, which build confidence through behavioral games.

25. More governmental schemes to motivate women entrepreneurs to engage in small scale and large-scale business ventures.

26. Involvement of Non Governmental Organizations in women entrepreneurial training programs and counseling.

                                        

Conclusion

Entrepreneurship among women, no doubt improves the wealth of the nation in general by way of national productivity and of the family in particular. Women today are more willing to take up activities that were once considered the preserve of men, and have proved that they are second to no one with respect to contribution to the growth of the economy. Women entrepreneurship must be molded properly with entrepreneurial traits and skills to meet the changes in trends, challenges global markets and also be competent enough to sustain and strive for excellence in the entrepreneurial arena.

 

Model of Intervention/Action

Kalyanodai will establish district rural woman coordinators who will cover two districts of their state to act in searching and establishing two women (one from lower strata and some from high strata) in each village nationwide based on their interest and capability. These district rural woman co-coordinators will be preferably fresh agriculture graduate willing to work in their resident districts. These coordinators will be awarded monthly remuneration along with agency of different product to begin and promote in their area. This support will make them a true enterprising as well as social activist in area of operation. This will establish both inwards and outwards market channel for both district co-coordinators as well as women entrepreneurs of their district concerned.

 

This activity will be focused to train selected ten lakh woman of village in five years of their field of choice. H/Q of  Kalyanodai will provide training material and possibly other resources of finance as group on their behalf.  

Kalyanodai Head-Quarter

Monitoring Committee

Call Center

District Rural Coordinator (250 in numbers) (two district in their states based on 15 different Agro- Climatic zones of India)

One women (blessed) - each village

One women (deprived) - each village 

  Cost of operation:

Selected 250 district coordinators can be paid Rs. 8,000 per month and additional Rs.1, 000 per month for internet connectivity and Rs.1, 000 per month for their tours in remote areas. Hence annual expenditure will be to the tune of 2.5 Cr. For the period of 5 years it may cost Rs. 12.5 Cr. Each coordinator is assumed that they will be viable entrepreneur through Avesthagen agencies by which they will have sufficient volume of business by inward and outward marketing of products. (details to be discussed}

 

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