Chapter 65

Indian Nuclear Weapon Doctrine of Credible Minimum Nuclear Deterrent - Kalki Gaur

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(1052) Chapter 32 India’s Doctrine of Credible Minimum Nuclear Deterrent:  http://indiatalking.com/blog/kalkigaur/ Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights

(1) Draft of Nuclear Doctrine

India will not be the first to initiate a nuclear strike, but will respond with punitive retaliation should deterrence fail.

(i) Preamble of Nuclear Doctrine

1.1.The use of nuclear weapons in particular as well as other weapons of mass destruciton constitutes the gravest threat to humanity and to peace and stability in the international system. Unlike the other two categories of weapons of mass destruciton, biological and chemical weapons, which have been outlawed by international treaties, nuclear weapons remain instruments for national and collective security, the possession of which on a selective basis has been sought to be legitimized through permanent extension of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in may 1995.

Nuclear weapon states have asserted that they will continue to rely on nuclear weapons, with some of them adopting policies to use them even in a non-nuclear context. These developments amount to virtual abandonment of nuclear disarmament. This is a serious setback to the struggle of the international community to abolish weapons of mass destruction.


1.2 India’s primary objective is to achieve economic, political, social, scientific and technological development within a peaceful and democratic framework. This requires an environment of durable peace and insurance against potential risks to peace and stability.


It will be India’s endeavor to proceed towards this overall objective in cooperation with the global democractic trends and to play a constructive role in advancing the international system toward a just, peaceful and equitable order.


1.3 Autonomy of decision making in the developmental process and in strategic matters is an inalienable democratic right of the Indian people. Incdia will strenuoulsy guard this right, in a world where nuclear weapons for a select few are sought to be legitimized for an indefinite future, and where there is a growing complexity and frequency in the use of force for political purposes.


1.4 India’s security is an integral component of its developmental process. India continuously aims at promoting an ever-expanding area of peace and stability around it so that developmental priorities can be pursued without disruption.


1.5 However, the very existence of offensive doctrines pertaining to the first use of nuclear weapons, and the insistence of some nuclear weapons states on the legitimcay of their use even against non-nuclear weapon countries, constitute a threat to peace, stability and sovereignty of states.


1.6 This document outlines the broad principles for the development, deployment and employment of India’s nuclear forces. Details of policy and strategy concerning force structures, deployment and employment of nuclear forces will flow from this framework and will be laid down separately and kept under constant review.


(ii) Objectives

2.1 In the absence of global nuclear disarmament, India’s strategic interests require effective, credible nuclear deterrence and adequate retaliatory capability should deterrence fail. This is consistent with the United Nations Charter, which sanctions the right of self-defense.


2.2 The requirements of deterrence, should be carefully weighed in the design of Indian njuclear forces and in the strategy to provide for a level of capability consistent with maximum credibility, survivability, effectiveness, safety and security.


2.3 India shall pursue a Doctrine of Crdible Minimum Nuclear Deterrence. In this policy of Retaliation Only, the survivability of our arsenal is critical. This is a dynamic concept related to the strategic environment, technological imperatives and needs of national security. The actual size, components, deployment and employment of nuclear forces, will be decided in the light of these factors. India’s peacetime posture aims at convincing any potential aggressor that:

a) Any threat of use of nuclear weapons against India shall involve measures to counter the threat; and

b) Any nuclear attack on India and its forces shall result in punitive retaliation with nuclear weapons to inflict damage unacceptable to the aggressor.


2.4 The fundamental purpose of Indian nuclear weapons is to deter the use and threat of use of nuclear weapons by any state or entity against India and its forces. India will not be the first to initiate a nuclear strike, but will respond with punitive retaliation should deterrence fail.


2.5 India will not resort to the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons against states which do not possess nuclear weapons, or are not aligned with nuclear weapon powers.


2.6 Deterrence requires that India maintain:

a) Sufficient, survivable and operationally prepared nuclear forces.

b) A robust command and control system.

c) Effective intelligence and early warning capabilities.

d) Comprehensive planning and training for operations in line with the strategy, and

e) The will to employ nuclear forces and weapons.


2.7 Highly effective conventional military capabilities shall be maintained to raise the threshnold of outbreak both of conventional military conflict as well as that of threat or use of nuclear weapons.


(iii) Nuclear Forces

3.1 India’s nuclear forces will be effective, enduring, diverse, flexible, and responsive to the requirements in accordance with the concdept of credible minimum deterrence. These forces will be based on a triad of aircraft, mobile land-based missiles, and sea-based assets in keeping with the objectives outlined above. Survivability of the forces will be enhanced by a combinatin of multiple redundant systes, mobility, dispersion and deception.


3.2 The doctrine envisages capability to shift from peacetime deployment to fully employable forces in the shortest possible time, and the ability to retaliate effectively even in a case of significant degradation by hostile strikes.


(iv) Credibility and Survivability

The following principles are central to India’s nuclear deterrent:

4.1 CREDIBILITY: Any adversary must know that India can and will retaliate with sufficient nuclear weapons to inflict destruction and punishment that the aggressor will find unacceptable if nuclear weapons are used against India and its forces.


4.2 EFFECTIVENESS: The efficacy of India’s nuclear deterrent be maximized through synergy among all elements involving reliability, timeliness, accuracy and weight of the attack.


4.3 SURVIVABILITY: (i) India’s nuclear forces and their command and control shall be organized for very high survivabilityagainst surprise atacks and for rapid punitive response. They shallbe designed and deployed to ensure survival against firs strike and to to endure repetitive attrition attempts with adequate retaliatory capabilities for a punishing strike, which would be unacceptable to the aggressor.

(ii) Procedures for the continuity of nuclear command and control shall ensure a continuing capability to effectively employ nuclear weapons.


(v) Command and Control

5.1 Nuclear weapons shall be tightly controlled and released for use at the highest politicallevel. The authority to release nuclear weapons for use resides in the person of the Prime Minister of India, or his designated successor(s).


5.2 An effective and survivable command and control system with requisite flexibility and responsivness shall be in place. An integrated operational plan, or a series of sequential plans, predicated on strategic objectives and targetting policy shall form part of this system.


5.3 For effective employment, the unity of command and control of nuclear forces including dual delivery systems shall be ensured.


5.4 The surivability of the nuclear arsenal and effective command, control, communications, computing, intelligence and information (c4i2) systems shall be assured.


5.5 The Indian Defense forces shall be in p[osition to execute operations in an NBC environment with minimal degradation.


5.6 Space based and other assets shallbe created to provide early warning, communicaitons, damage/detonation assessment.


(vi) Security & Safety

6.1 SECURITY: Extraordinary precautions shall be taken to ensure that nuclear weapons, their manufacture, transportation and storage are fully guarded against possible theft, loss, sabotage, damage, or unauthorized access or use.


6.2 SAFETY: Safety is an absolute requirement and tamper-proof procedure and systems shall be instituted to ensure that unauthorized or inadvertent activation/use of nuclear weapons does not take place and risks or acciddent are avoided.


6.3 DISASTER CONTROL: India shall develop an appropriate disaster control system capable of handling the unique requirements of potential incidents involving nuclear weapons and materials.


(vii) Research & Development

7.1 India should step up efforts in research & development to keep up with technological advances in this field.


7.2 While India is committed to maintain the deployment of a deterrent, which is both minimum and credible, it will not accept any restraints on building its R&D capability.


(viii) Disarmament & Development

8.1 Global, verifiable and non-discriminatory nuclear disarmament is a national security objective. India shall continue its efforts to achieve the goal of a nuclear weapon-free world at an early date.


8.2 Since no-first use of nuclear weapons is India’s basic commitment, every effort shall be made to persuade other states possessing nuclear weapons to join an international treaty banning first use.


8.3 having provided unqualified negative security assurances, India shall work for internationally binding unconditional negative security assurances by nuclear weapon states to non-nuclear weapon states.


8.4 Nuclear arms control measures shallbe sought as part of national security policy to reduce potential threats and to protect our own capability and its effectiveness.


8.5 In view of the very high destructive potential of nuclear weapons, appropriate nuclear risk reduction and confidence building measure shallbe sought, negotiated and instituted. The End.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights





(0)(1052) 26 (ii) Indian Doctrine of Maximum Credibility


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


Step in Right Direction

INDIAN NUCLEAR DOCTRINE (“IND”): The acronym ‘IND’ is appropriate for Indian Nuclear Doctrine. It is India’s security call for nuclear weapons and the need for a nuclear doctrine is self-evident. The doctrine made public, is a unique initiative.


GREAT SURPRISE: India’s Security Advisory Board has surprised almost every body. Not many had expected the NSAB to formulate a draft nuclear doctrine, at least not this quick. No one had believed that the doctrine would be a public document. Virtually no one had imagined that the doctrine would be as ambitious as it seems to be on paper. Few believed that there would be a consensus in the National Security Advisory Board (NSAB). No body believed that NSAB could be surpassingly brief in only six pages.


RESETS MORAL POSTURING: On the face of it, the nuclear doctrine seems to be just an expansion of the Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee’s statement in parliament on Dec. 15, 1998. Atal Ji spelt out the principal elements of India’s nuclear policy: (1) minimum nuclear deterrence, (2) no first use, (3) no use against non-nuclear powers, and (4) commitment to the elimination of nuclear weapons. The NSAB doctrine, while sticking to these benchmarks, goes much beyond Prime minister’s statement in its ambition. It manages to transcend the moral posturing and political rhetoric that have characterized much of the discourse on nuclear weapons in India. 


EPISTEMOLOGICAL BREAK FROM PAST: The NSAB document is the first quasi-official document that spells out in hardheaded, pragmatic language the main tenets of India’s nuclear policy. It is an unapologetic realpolitik articulation of the principal raison d’être of India’s nuclear weapons and the requirements needed to lend credibility to India’s deterrent posture. In this sense, it seems to mark a real epistemological break from the past.


RATIONALE FOR INDIA IS CLEAR BOMBS: India’s primary quest seems to be to acquire the strategic autonomy that will allow India to be secure in an often-unfriendly world. Nuclear weapons will give India the capability to make independent, even unpopular, choices in the international system. Nuclear weapons allow India the freedom to pursue economic and political development without the fear of external threats. Nuclear weapons provide a hedge, an insurance policy, in an uncertain, anarchic world.


(ix) 1998 Vintage Nuclear Technology

TECHNOLOGICAL CAPABILITY: India has the technology to back up the Indian draft for nuclear doctrine. The proof of our capability is the Pokhran test results, says chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission R. Chidambaram. Does India has final results of the Pokhran tests. Yes. Recently, India carried out post-shot drilling and took out core samples from the five test sites. The yield we got from the radio-chemical analysis of the core samples and their other characteristics closely matched what we had predicted through seismic analysis at the time of the tests. Does India has the R & D capability for making weapons without more tests? There is no difference today between a computer calculation for designing a device and that for simulating a test, because the principles of physics involved are the same. Before the advent of computers, the actual yield, the calculation often varied, and you had to do a lot of fudging. That is why India keeps saying that `our nuclear weapons are of '98 vintage' technology and they are based on today's knowledge. Does India have the technological ability to back up the doctrine? India has full capability to provide technological backup to the Indian nuclear doctrine. That the scientific data of the Pokhran tests closely matches the calculations we had made by computers is an indication of our capabilities. R & D capability and technological expertise, which we have for every area related to nuclear technology, will enable India to maintain a credible nuclear deterrent as enunciated in the doctrine.


How advanced are the safety aspects? This is an important area of concern to us. The safety aspects of our arsenal include the actual protection of the weapons themselves, as well as the intricate systems in each weapon, which ensure that they will not explode accidentally or without proper authorization. We also have to take care of the issue of protecting ourselves against radioactivity released through natural or man-made calamities.


Sensible Indian Nuclear Weapon Doctrine

PREAMBLE: The doctrine as propounded merits close attention as much for what it states as for the serious implications it has for India's security. The document has a preamble to establish India's need for nuclear weapons. These arguments make eminent sense.


NPT ABANDONED NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT: India criticizes the virtual abandonment of nuclear disarmament by the NPT. This is a serious setback to the struggle of the international community to abolish weapons of mass destruction. Nuclear weapon states have asserted that they will continue to rely on nuclear weapons.


USE OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS IS A WAR CRIME: India holds that any first use of nuclear weapons is a War crime. Any use of Biological and Chemical weapons has been outlawed by international treaties. India will try to persuade other states possessing nuclear weapons to join an international treaty banning the first use of nuclear weapons. It is criminal for some nuclear weapons state, to adopt policies justifying the use of nuclear weapons even in a non-nuclear context.  India shall work for internationally binding unconditional negative security assurances by nuclear weapons states to non-nuclear weapons states. President Nixon had threatened the use of nuclear weapons against India, had India continued the war on the Western front after the surrender of Pakistani troops in Dhaka.


FREQUENT MISUSE OF FORCE: The growing threat of the frequent use of military force for political purposes by nuclear weapon states, is coupled by their conspiracy to legitimize their nuclear monopoly for an indefinite future. The United States and NATO bombing of Serbia justified India’s exercise of nuclear weapon option.  The offensive nuclear doctrines that advocate the first use of nuclear weapons constitute a threat to world peace. Some nuclear weapons advocate the legitimacy of the use of nuclear weapons even against non-nuclear weapon countries, and it constitutes a threat to peace, stability and sovereignty of states. 


RIGHT OF RETALIATION IS SELF-DEFENSE: The use of nuclear weapons to launch the retaliatory nuclear strikes against the nuclear aggressor is consistent with the United Nations Charter, which sanctions the right of self-defense.


CREDIBLE MINIMUM NUCLEAR DETERRENT: The IND provides the credible deterrent against all nuclear adversaries. The IND does not advocate a very large stockpile of nuclear weapons. The excess stockpile of nuclear weapons does not add to deterrence. The term minimum signifies the optimum size of the nuclear stockpile that provides the credible, effective, and survivable retaliatory capability. Unnecessary stockpile of nuclear weapons is not desirable. Minimum size of nuclear arsenal should be around 5000 tactical neutron bombs, 1000 SLBMs, 100 ICBMs, 1400 IRBMs, and 5000 tactical nukes, total of 12500 nuclear weapons. Nuclear Overkill capacity does not add to national power, rather it weakens the nation by siphoning away the economic resources from other weapon platforms. The minimum size of survivable retaliatory capacity should be credible enough to cause the guaranteed loss of 300 million lives in the enemy civilizations. Minimum nuclear deterrent is sufficient that launches credible second strike nuclear retaliatory strikes. This is a dynamic concept.


DEMOCRATIC DIFFERENT OPINIONS: That doctrine included a minimum credible deterrent, a no first use and an end to further Indian tests. There has been talk of serious differences within the NSAB on both the structure and the aggressive emphasis in the document. It would be natural to expect that the large body of well-known names on the board would not have agreed on everything.


HARD-LINER’S DOCTRINE: It is, however, apparent from the content and the phraseology of the document that the hard-liners have managed to carry the day. They have allowed the nuclear doctrine to become a statement of aggressive intention, instead of being proof of India's oft-stated and deeply-believed ideas on limiting the nuclear weapons race. That was what minimum deterrence and no first use was all about. The nuclear doctrine makes clear beyond doubt what would drive the minimum nature of the deterrence.


DOCTRINE OPEN FOR DEBATE: A more significant aspect is that of the Prime Minister, Mr. Atal Behari Vajpayee, calling the doctrinal documents no more than a draft, which can be amended. It almost looks as if the Government is not convinced of the collective wisdom of its National Security Advisory Board (NSAB).


Credible Indian Nuclear 2nd Strike Retaliation

RETALIATORY ONLY NUCLEAR OFFENSE: India will not launch preemptive nuclear strikes against non-nuclear weapon states. In case of NATO Maritime or Air invasion of India, India will launch preemptive nuclear strikes against Western maritime assets. India will use nuclear torpedoes to sink US Seventh Fleet if it ever enters Bay of Bengal with hostile intent. India is a land power and it can not allow hostile carrier battle groups, to get closer of India allowing carrier-based aircraft bomb India’s coastlands. India will deploy tactical nuclear weapons to sink hostile aircraft carriers in the High Seas before their aircraft could bomb Indian coastlands.  


CIVILIZATION-WIDE NUCLEAR RETALIATION: India will not use nuclear weapons against states, which do not possess nuclear weapons and are not aligned with nuclear weapons powers. India could use nuclear weapons against the non-nuclear weapon states aligned with hostile nuclear weapon powers. In the case of United States or NATO nuclear strikes against India, India will use neutron bombs to depopulate Australia and New Zealand. In case of limited American nuclear strikes against India, India should not retaliate against major metropolitan targets in the United States, Britain and France, as it could escalate into a general nuclear war. In case of any Catholic, Protestant preemptive nuclear strikes against India, India shall use cluster of neutron bombs against Perth, Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney, Darwin, Auckland, and Wellington to cause significant depopulation of Australia and New Zealand. Any nuclear attack on India would cause nuclear radioactivity, requiring the immediate mass emigration of many hundred million Indians. India stands to gain little by destroying London, Paris, New York, or San Francisco. Even if India and United States are involved in direct nuclear exchange, India should first depopulate Australia and New Zealand, before retaliating against mainland America. India’s restraint will avoid general nuclear war and India will tide over the nuclear devastation by transferring 500 million Indians to Australia and New Zealand. Future American generations will thank India for this wise restraint. Tigers and lions kill only what they need to eat, and they do not cause unnecessary slaughter.  In case of any Islamic nuclear attack against any Hindu nation, India will destroy the aggressor and use neutron bombs to depopulate the lands of more than 300 million Muslims, to resettle displaced Hindus therein. Any nuclear strike against Hindu civilization by any Islamic nuclear power, will result in the significant depopulation of Muslim occupied continents, followed by the occupation of these lands by Hindus, whose lands were contaminated by nuclear radioactivity. Similarly, Christian civilization will suffer the consequence of any Christian nuclear strikes against Hindu civilization. Civilization-wide nuclear retaliation averts the threat of a general nuclear war. 


WILL TO EMPLOY NUCLEAR WEAPONS: Deterrence requires that India maintain the will to employ nuclear forces and nuclear weapons to devastate enemy civilian and military targets. The authority to release nuclear weapons for use resides in the person of the Prime Minister of India, or his designated successor(s). Whosoever the Prime Minister chooses to be designated successors is a matter of great confidentiality. India and its people must ensure that those on whom falls such an awesome responsibility have the shoulders for it. India’s polity is entering a wholly untested realm of politico-nuclear power. It is even more necessary to ensure that leaders of weak knees and fickle thinking do not rise to the office of the Prime Minister.


RAISING THE THRESHOLD OF USE OF A-BOMB: The threshold level of security threat beyond which the use of nuclear weapons, and the outbreak of a nuclear war becomes justified, is se at significantly high level. Irrespective of the outcome of the land war, no adversary should contemplate the use of nuclear weapons. Major land powers should be willing to accept the defeat in the land wars, without resorting to the use of nuclear weapons. Irrespective of the outcome of the future India-China war across the common frontiers, neither India nor China shall contemplate the use of nuclear weapons to redress the outcome of the land war. Similarly, irrespective of the outcome of the India-Pakistan, India-Afghanistan war no party should contemplate the use of nuclear weapons under any circumstance. Nuclear weapon powers should learn to accept the outcome of the Land wars without resorting to the nuclear weapons. Land powers are like poisonous rattlesnakes, which fight one another and even kill one another without ever using the poison. Land powers shall not use nuclear weapons against one other, to settle the scores of any conventional land war, irrespective of the outcome of the war.


LOWER NUCLEAR THRESHOLD IN SEA WARS: Geopolitical impact of the nuclear weapon in the arsenal of land powers undermines the mobility and threat of Sea Powers. The precision guided munitions (PGMs) and tactical nuclear weapons allow land powers to sink the aircraft carriers, destroyers, frigates, tankers, merchant ships, and fishing trawlers. Portuguese Vasco da Gama  During 1502 sank all coastal shipping in the Arabian Sea using large ship cannons, effectively ended the age of land powers, and heralded the age of the supremacy of Sea Powers. Populous great land powers could use tactical nuclear weapons and PGMs to sink aircraft carriers, naval ships, Frigates, Battle-ships to effectively ground the leading Sea Powers of the world.  India should persuade the leading over-populated land powers of the world to join an international treaty and an alliance of land powers to refrain from using nuclear weapons against other land powers. Leading nuclear land powers should not lose this historic opportunity to destroy the worldwide domination of the Sea Powers.


KNOWLEDGE OF IMMINENT STRIKE: Of course, the concept itself has its critics. Some argue that if a country has absolutely certain information that its adversary is about to launch a nuclear attack, there is no reason why it should wait to hit. Under those circumstances, it should launch a preemptive strike to destroy the adversary's capability and thereby reduce the future damage inflicted. This is analogous to conventional western nuclear doctrine, though of late the no- first-use concept has found many adherents in the West.


No First Use Nuclear Doctrine

NO FIRST USE IS DEBATABLE: India’s doctrine seeks maximum credibility, therefore, in this context, the no-first-use policy also seems to reduce itself to being a political promise rather than a doctrinal axiom rooted in an operational reality.


NO FIRST USE NUCLEAR DOCTRINE: The no-first-use policy is the appropriate one for India and will contribute to effective deterrence without being aggressive and provocative. There should be no difficulty in achieving a national consensus on this principle. The most important principle in the doctrine is the Indian commitment to no-first-use. There is a widespread impression that this is the formulation of Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee since he has repeatedly articulated it. In fact, in the immediate wake of Pokhran II and for a few weeks thereafter, Mr. Vajpayee kept emphasizing that Indian nuclear weapons were meant for defense. His first advocacy of no first use came only in his speech to Parliament on August 4, 1998. The Indian advocacy of no use and no first use in respect of nuclear weapons dates back to 1978. Then Mr. Vajpayee was foreign minister in the Morarji Desai government and a resolution to that effect was moved in the UN General Assembly.


NO FIRST USE: On the issue of no first use, the doctrine will raise many questions. It states that India will not resort to the use of nuclear weapons against states, which do not possess nuclear weapons or are not aligned with nuclear weapon powers. The doctrine has clearly moved the goalposts on this. The nuclear forces envisaged include aircraft, mobile land-based missiles and sea-based assets. There is mention of a rapid shifting from peacetime deployment to fully employable status. The survivable and credible quality of India's nuclear deterrence is sought to be ensured by making it large enough to survive the enemy's first strike. It ensures the command control arrangement with the authority to release nuclear weapons in the hands of the Prime Minister. Space-based and other assets are to be created to provide early warning and communications. Spokesmen, including those who prepared the document, have emphasized through media interviews that the document is only a set of principles and guidelines on the nuclear policy. It is interesting, therefore, that the document combines both nuclear doctrine and strategic issues. A doctrine is a set of beliefs while a strategy is the method of putting the beliefs into practice. Minimum deterrence, no first use and civilian control are doctrine. A triad of nuclear delivery means, satellite-based and other surveillance communications, R&D for the deterrent and the host of things listed in the document are not doctrine. What could have been the purpose of enlarging the doctrine from what the Prime Minister stated in Parliament?


RAJIV GANDHI’S NO FIRST USE IDEA: No-first-use was the basis of the Geneva Protocol of 1925 for chemical weapons. This principle is acceptable except in cases of asymmetry, where the aggressor possessed the weapon and the victim did not. The no- first-use idea implied in Rajiv Gandhi's action plan presented to the UN special session on disarmament. Therefore, political parties in India must understand that the concept has a long history in this country and is not a BJP formulation.


Future Weapons Development

NEED FOR MISSILE DEFENSE: The Canberra Commission and sections of the US National Academy of Sciences have joined the demand for renouncing the first use of nuclear weapons. Rigorous analysis establishes that there is no way in, which nuclear weapon strike by adversary is stoppable.  Until missile interception technology is fully developed, a preemptive strike would not eliminate an adversary's capability to strike, but would only make a strike certain. The core of deterrence is in having a capability which conveys to a potential adversary the unambiguous message that there will be certain punitive retaliation if an aggressive strike is launched by him. The recommendations on the need for space-based systems suggest that India’s deterrence posture based on the principle of certainty.


SURVIVABLE RETALIATORY CAPABILITY: Having a nuclear capability without it being survivable will not serve the purpose of deterrence. Therefore, a survivable retaliatory capability with a no-first-use commitment contributes to stability and reduction in the risks of nuclear blackmail and the use of nuclear weapons. It demonstrates restraint and communicates confidence in one's power to retaliate. If both sides are to seek to preempt each other, the resulting situation will be highly tense, unstable, prone to risks of accidental and unauthorized use of weapons and extremely costly in terms of command and control.


NO LIMIT ON SIZE OF DETERRENT: It is obvious that it will not be an Indian choice but would be relative to what other nuclear weapon states have. Since the Indian deterrent is not country-specific, there would be no limits to its size and capabilities.


SUBMARINE BASED DETERRENT IN FUTURE: The inclusion of sea-based nuclear assets, a euphemism for nuclear weapons-carrying submarines, unlikely to come about for another 10 years, indicates the strategic thinking unrelated to the ground realities. The satellite-based early warning, intelligence, in addition, damage assessment facilities are also non-existent today and are not likely to available for quite some time. The Indian deterrence positioned by the doctrine is beyond what is now on ground. The credibility of deterrence therefore is more suspect, less certain. Any nuclear doctrine seeks to harness the diplomatic gains in the present, for the acts that the nuclear doctrine seeks to develop in future. 


NEUTRON BOMB CREDIBILITY: Announcements by nuclear scientists of neutron bomb-making potential have also done little either to make the deterrent more credible or the doctrine any clearer.


FUTURE POSSIBILITIES: The current Indian deterrent comprises some first generation warheads, the short- range Prithvi missile, Agni-I, which is not yet in serial production, and some aircraft probably configured for nuclear weapons delivery. The promised induction of Agni-II is well into the future. Most analysts believe that the capability to move the missiles by rail is at best limited and vulnerable to enemy action. The doctrine, however, works on premises, based on future possibilities. In the series of India-U.S. dialogues conducted in 1998-99, no official position emerged about the outcome or the lack of it. It was nevertheless understood from official announcements that the U.S., while not accepting


INDIA DEMANDS FROM NUCLEAR POWERS: India's weapons status had strongly pushed for five main assurances from it. These were a halt to tests, not deploying nuclear weapons, joining the CTBT-FMCT regimes, not transferring nuclear technology and engaging in serious negotiations with Pakistan. It points out that India had agreed to all these requirements and that it was in fact already adhering to most of them. On the nuclear regimes, the Government had sought time to build up a national consensus but gave the assurance that India would not hinder the International treaties. The nuclear doctrine creates much ambiguity on all these.


ECONOMIC COST OF NUCLEAR DETERRENT: The omnibus nuclear doctrine-cum-strategy paper is silent on the economic dimensions of the deterrent. The deterrent, whose outlines clearly delineated in the document, is not going to be either cheap or ready in the near future. It will involve massive investments to create the deterrence infrastructure. Studies in recent times have conclusively shown that the nuclear infrastructure will cost many hundred times more than the cost of weapons. The doctrine lays to rest all the talk made in the past, even by some who drafted the document, that the costs would be marginal and that the sunk costs have already taken care of much of the expenditure. The challenge lies whether the Indian economy can support the recommendations over the next decade or so.


HIGHER CONVENTIONAL CAPABILITY: Contrary to arguments made in the past of nuclear weapons obtaining security at lower costs, the writers of the doctrine now recommend higher conventional military capabilities. Nuclear weapons made the fulcrum of national security. The doctrine does not address the economic context, at the turn of the century, which is going to be the major security determinant. This is because of the conceptual error of viewing nuclear weapons as the fundamental security instrument. The doctrine overlooks the cardinal issue of nuclear weapons being only one and at best reducing element in the range of national security instruments available.


SECOND NUCLEAR AGE: Therefore, the meaning of the Second Nuclear Age, which started after the Cold War ended and which places a lower premium on nuclear weapons, has been lost sight of. India still has the opportunity to possess nuclear weapons as a measure of reassurance to itself and its friends. India needs to understand the limited role of a nuclear deterrent. To the extent, the nuclear doctrine fails to define the limits of deterrence; it will be of debatable value and doubtful merit, says Delhi Policy Group.


SURVIVABLE RETALIATORY CAPABILITY: Having a nuclear capability without it being survivable will not serve the purpose of deterrence. Therefore, a survivable retaliatory capability with a no-first-use commitment contributes to stability and reduction in the risks of nuclear blackmail and the use of nuclear weapons. It demonstrates restraint and communicates confidence in one's power to retaliate. If both sides are to seek to preempt each other, the resulting situation will be highly tense, unstable, prone to risks of accidental and unauthorized use of weapons and extremely costly in terms of command and control.


Doctrine of Maximum Credibility

CREDIBILITY IS A MIND GAME: The Essential question in all forms of deterrence, nuclear deterrence included is the question of credibility. How credible is the threat of inflicting unacceptable damage on the adversary after he strikes? Since deterrence is ultimately a mind game, thereby, the credible deterrence need not rest on an objective demonstration of the certainty of inflicting unacceptable damage.


EXISTENTIAL DETERRENCE: The nuclear deterrence can range at one end of the spectrum from a mere declaratory posture with no overt demonstration of capabilities, a form of Existential Deterrence.


DETERRENT OF NEAR-TOTAL CERTAINTY: At the other end of the spectrum is deterrence based on near-total certainty. It is an elaborate nuclear arsenal, with attendant command and control systems, leaving no doubt about the certainty of the retaliatory strike.  The NASB doctrine seems to suggest that Indian move in the direction of at least substantial security, greater than the minimum deterrent. It emphasizes that the level of capability should be consistent with maximum credibility, survivability, effectiveness, safety and security.  It clearly stated that India’s force would be based on a triad of aircraft, mobile land-based missiles and sea-based assets. The sections on Objectives, Nuclear Forces, and Credibility, the recommendations are a clear shift from nuclear deterrence based on uncertainty to deterrence based on near certainty. 


MAXIMUM CREDIBILITY: Indian doctrine seems to suggest that India move in the direction of at least great certainty. For instance, while it re-states that India shall pursue a doctrine of minimum nuclear deterrence, it emphasizes that the level of capability should be consistent with maximum credibility, survivability, effectiveness, safety and security, says Amitabh Mattoo, at School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University. Minimum deterrence in these circumstances does seem to sound more like a political statement than a doctrinal tenet, especially when the objective is clearly to achieve maximum credibility.


BURYING NON-WEAPONIZED RECESSED EXISTENTIAL DETERRENCE: Indian official doctrine seems to extinguish whatever life was left in concepts like ‘Non-Weaponized Deterrence,’ ‘Recessed Deterrence,’ and ‘Existential Deterrence.’ Indeed, the recommendation clearly state, nuclear forces need to be in fair state of readiness even in peacetime. This means that an ‘assured capability to shift from peacetime deployment to fully employable forces in the shortest possible time,’ would be inconsistent with requirements to have in case of missiles, the warheads and delivery systems far apart. 


DISTINCT INDIAN NUCLEAR ARCHITECTURE: The Indian Doctrine is the first step towards the construction of a distinct Indian nuclear architecture.  It recognizes that there can be no short cuts in the long road to achieving a credible deterrent posture. Best of all, those who believed that India and Indians do not think systematically about strategic issues need to revisit their argument after the publication of the nuclear doctrine.


TOUS AZIMUTS NUCLEAR POSTURE: In not making India’s nuclear doctrine country-specific, the draft serves at least two purposes. First, it lends flexibility and dynamism to India’s nuclear posture. It recognizes that the threats that India faces may change with altered circumstances. The Indian nuclear posture put forward a classic ‘Tous Azimuts’ Nuclear posture. The threat could, bluntly put, come from anywhere.  Secondly, by not pointing fingers at any particular country, the doctrine avoids creating unnecessary diplomatic problems or heightening tension, especially with the country’s neighbors. Therefor, prudently there is not even a mention of China, Pakistan or any other country in the doctrine.


2nd Anniversary of 2nd Nuke Test

Two years after India exploded five nuclear devices, Western powers have not acquiesce to the Indian nuclear dream. However, they have stopped hectoring and lecturing India. India is still under punitive economic sanctions from the United States. During the landmark visit to India by US President Bill Clinton, atmospherics were right, but nothing substantial happened. India is aware that in some ways US-India relationship needs to institutionalize, especially at the strategic level. Since its 1998 tests, India has pressed on with its nuclear weapon plans. India continues to make the nuclear weapons, continue to make the nuclear stockpile. India's credible minimum nuclear deterrent doctrine at least publicly is still hazy, though its game plan envisages a classical nuclear force based on ships, aircraft, and missiles. Big powers realize that the nuclear tests can not reverse. The United States urging India to sign CTBT loses moral basis, when US Senate threw out the CTBT.


Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee said that India was a stronger nation two years after it carried out nuclear explosions. India's nuclear program is defensive in nature. The world should better appreciate the imperatives that led to the 1998 atomic tests. India had full knowledge that had it not conducted nuclear tests in May 1998, Pakistan would have certainly done so.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights






(0)(1053) Chapter 33 Rise and fall of New Weapon Platforms


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


INDIA STAKES ITS CLAIM UNDER THE SUN: All those who believed that India and Indians do not think systematically about strategic issues need to revisit their argument after the publication of the Indian nuclear doctrine by India’s National Security Advisory Board. Not many had expected the NSAB to formulate a draft nuclear doctrine, at least not this quick.  No one had believed that the nuclear doctrine would become a public document. Few had believed that there would be a consensus in the board. The doctrine is an unapologetic real-politic articulation of the principal raison d’être of India’s nuclear weapons and the requirements needed to lend credibility to India’s deterrent posture. In this sense, it marks a real epistemological break from the past. It outlines India’s primary quest to acquire the strategic autonomy that will allow it to be secure in an often unfriendly world, give it an capability to make independent and even unpopular choices.


India’s Draft Nuclear Doctrine

INDIA’S DOCTRINE OF MAXIMUM CREDIBILITY: Indian nuclear doctrine seems to suggest that India move in the direction of at least great certainty in deterrent credibility. While it re-states that India shall pursue a doctrine of minimum nuclear deterrence, it emphasizes that the level of capability should be consistent with maximum credibility, survivability, effectiveness, safety and security. Minimum deterrence does seem to sound more like a political statement than a real doctrinal tenet, especially when the objective is clearly to achieve maximum credibility. Indian doctrine seems to extinguish whatever life was left in concepts like '‘non-weaponized deterrence,’ ‘recessed deterrence,’ and ‘existential deterrence.’


DISTINCT INDIAN NUCLEAR ARCHITECTURE:  Indian nuclear doctrine is the first step towards the construction of a distinct Indian nuclear architecture. It recognizes that there can be no short cuts in the long road to achieving a credible deterrent posture. The challenge that India faces is whether the Indian economy can support the military infrastructure required for the credible nuclear deterrent, over the next decade or so.


AMERICA IS THE PRINCIPAL NUCLEAR THREAT: Lal Bahadur had ordered the development of Indian nuclear test in 196. It perhaps caused his death at the hands of the Communists in Tashkent in 1966, at the end of the Tashkent Summit. The bomb explosion in the airplane murdered Homi J., Bhabha the father of nuclear India, over Alps mountains in Switzerland in 1966. Mrs. Indira Gandhi ordered the exercise of India’s nuclear option, after President Nixon and Henry J. Kissinger threatened to use nuclear weapons against India, in 1971. President Nixon threatened nuclear retaliation against non-nuclear India had India continued to invade Kashmir after the surrender of Pakistani army in East Pakistan in 1971. Atal Behari Vajpayee said India’s exercise of nuclear option justified by NATO’s barbaric bombing of civilian infrastructure in Kosovo and Serbia. Had India not deployed nuclear warheads, then NATO air force might have invaded India in Kashmir.  


WARS TECHNOLOGY CIVILIZATIONAL BALANCE: Nuclear technology is new revolutions in war technology, which will fundamentally change the global, balance of civilizations. India and Pakistan are very lucky to have acquired it. Development of new weapon technology results in the rise and fall of civilizations. The development of cannons resulted in the Muslim conquest of Byzantine Empire and Hindu India. The development of cannon-armed ships allowed European powers to enter the coastal waters of foreign powers, could engage and either destroy or drive off enemy vessels. Cannon-armed ship was able to project fire ashore. The cannon permitted the Europeans to go where they wanted and do what they wanted. The cannon completely tilted the balance of force at sea.  Cannon-armed ships and guns built the European colonial Empires. The guns allowed Europeans to conquer natives armed with spears and swords.


Age of Ballistics

END OF THE AGE OF BALLISTICS: India should acquire the Precision Guided Munitions technology. Otherwise, the United States and the industrialized West will acquire preponderance in conventional warfare capability.  The Age of Ballistics is ending. World is entering a fundamentally new period, the Age of precision-Guided Munitions (PGMs). The so-called smart weapons that will antiquate the traditional way of making war. The new projectiles are precise and lethally efficient, where guns and artillery are inherently inaccurate. While ballistic weapons platforms need to come within range of the battlefield, PGMs can devastate from any distance. 


PGM Revolution

PRECISION GUIDED MUNITION REVOLUTION: Precision guided Munitions differ from other munitions in one fundamental respect. Traditional munitions once fired were under the control of the laws of gravity and ballistics. In contrast, precision-guided munitions can correct their course after it is fired. Whether guided by their own sensors and computers or by human control, precision-guided munitions transformed the statistical foundations of war and with it the calculus of both military and political power. Where previously it would have been necessary to fire thousands of rounds to destroy a target, now it only takes a handful.


PGMs IS A TURNING POINT IN HISTORY: Precision-Guided Munitions ranks with the introduction of firearms, the phalanx, and the chariot as a defining moment in human history. The phalanx catapulted Greece to glory. The war chariot gave us the Persian Empire. Europe conquered the world with the gun. Each weapon defined not only the manner in which wars were waged but also the very texture of human history. (Future of War, p.x)  The Precision-Guided Munitions and smart projectiles will end the age of Sea Powers and shift the balance of power in favor of continental Land powers of Eurasian landmass. PGMs will result in the rise of India as a global land power and decline of United States as a Global Sea Power.


Decline of Sea Powers

THREATS TO AMERICAN DOMINATION OF SEA: India should develop smart cruise missiles. Cruise missiles tipped with tactical nuclear weapons would sink American Aircraft Carriers. The revolution in warfare has strengthened the United States on land and in the air. Paradoxically, the same revolution in warfare that has increased the American power on land and air threatens to decrease American power at sea.  On land and in the air, the United States is the strategic aggressor. At sea, on the other hand, the United States is a defensive power. Unfortunately for the US Navy, the revolution initiated by American air and land forces is inevitably sweeping out to sea. The world’s navies deploy weapons systems that permitted precision air strikes against Iraqi as well as Serb forces and permitted outstanding antitank weaponry on the ground. However, instead of strengthening the strategic position of the United States Navy, the Precision Guided Munitions threaten the US Navy.


INDIA THREATENS PAX AMERICANA: India can threaten American domination of Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean. The Pax Americana, in place at sea since 1945, might well be threatened or undermined as American Naval weapons platforms become vulnerable by PGMs.  The force multipliers that benefited the United States in Eurasia seemed to turn against it at sea. There are increasing signs that the carrier battle groups are heading towards senility. The aircraft carriers are heading to the point where the cost of merely keeping them alive is undermining the general capacity of the United States to carry out its strategic mission. The revolution in smart weapons is rapidly moving the US naval fleets in that direction. The revolution in precision weapons allows the United States to engage and defeat much larger air and land forces. However, this ability is meaningless unless United States can also project its forces across the oceans and supply and sustain them there. The United States, like Britain is at root a naval power. The revolution in smart weapons, PGMs allow the Land powers to undermine the domination of the sea by the Sea powers.


Decline of Aircraft Carriers

END OF THE ERA OF AIRCRAFT CARRIERS: Rise of Indian Navy, armed with tactical nuclear weapons equipped cruise missiles would end the era of American Aircraft Carriers. The United States was the master of the maritime airpowers because of its aircraft carriers, a weapon the soviets tried, but failed to emulate. The operational role of the aircraft carriers had less to do with the sea-lane control than with transporting airpowers to Eurasian shores. The threat facing the aircraft carriers is the long-range, hypersonic missile. These missiles will penetrate the carrier’s defenses and sink them. The missiles will do the carrier’s job of bombing enemy installations more efficiently and more cheaply. Missiles can deny the merchant ships the freedom of using sea-lanes. It is cheaper to disrupt the flow of maritime commerce in the sea-lanes than to keep it open. The defense planners will no longer permit the aircraft carriers to be exposed in waters where enemy antiship missiles are likely to be in place.


Maritime Infrastructure Warfare

THREAT TO GLOBAL MARITIME TRADE: Geopolitically, Indian Ocean is an Indian Lake. Bay of Bengal is an Indian Lake. Arabian Sea is an Indian Lake. Persian Gulf is an Indian Lake. India, china and Russia should join forces to sink Western merchant ships, fishing trawlers, and oil tankers. World is moving into a time when it will be much easier to cut the sea-lanes than to maintain them.  It is simply because offensive maritime technology is overwhelmingly more potent than maritime defensive technology. With the advent of hypersonic, long-range cruise missiles, Land powers can cut sea-lanes and sink merchant ships, tankers, and fishing trawlers. Land powers can threaten the prosperity of the global economy, which has become utterly dependent on the unimpeded access of all merchantmen to the sea-lanes. NATO bombardment of the civilian, industrial infrastructure during Kosovo War has rewritten the Laws of War allowing the use of military power against civilian economic targets. Land powers can effectively bankrupt maritime powers by sinking the merchant-ships, trawlers and tankers to disrupt global maritime trade. Global disruption of maritime trade will result in unprecedented prosperity of such land powers as are not dependent on maritime transportation. Railways can replace ships as means of inter-continental transportation of goods and materials. 


Sink Merchant Ships

GLOBAL ANTI-SHIP LAND-POWER ALLIANCE: India, China, and Russia are primarily land powers with limited maritime capability. The three land powers should sign a Land Power Alliance (LPA), agreeing to sink around 95 percent of Western civilian merchantmen, maritime shipping, trawlers, tankers, and private yachts at the outbreak of any future war.  Total destruction of civilian maritime commercial infrastructure will result in massive transfer of wealth to India, China, and Russia. The development of inter-continental railway network to transport oil, raw materials throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa will quadruple the per capita incomes of India, Russia and China. The great land powers should not allow the sibling rivalry to miss this historic opportunity to destroy the economic domination of the maritime powers. European maritime powers used the ship-cannons to sink the entire coastal fleets of India to monopolize the coastal maritime trade of the Indian Ocean. The Asian land powers can take the revenge by sinking 95 percent of world’s shipping and fishing fleets, and oil tankers. Total destruction of world’s civilian merchantmen is consistent with the post Kosovo Laws of War.  The power to interfere with ocean commerce has been growing faster than the ability to keep it open.


VULNERABLE SEA-LANES DURING WWII: Ever since the introduction of the attack submarine and the attack aircraft, it has been easier to close the sea-lanes than to keep it open. The Anglo-Americans fought a desperate battle to hold open the supply lines in the North Atlantic, and at some points from 1941 to 1943 they seemed to be losing the battle. If the Germans had possessed air bases in the Atlantic, in the Azores or Iceland, or if they had had aircraft carriers, they most likely could have shut down the Atlantic. In the pacific, in the islands between Hawaii and the Philippines, Japanese land-based aircraft made Allied supply in early 1942 virtually impossible. During the island-hopping campaigns of 1943-44, the United states, particularly using carrier airpowers, managed to seal off the Gilberts, Marshall’s, and Marianas so completely that the Japanese found it impossible to supply or withdraw.            Quadruple the per capita income


INTELLIGENT MISSILES & SEA-LANE CONTROL: The advent of the long-range, high-speed, intelligent missile divides the problem of sea-lane control as it has never been divided before. On the one side, it becomes much easier to control, or close down, sea-lanes. On the other side, keeping the sea-lanes open becomes a tremendous problem. The problem can be simply posed: How can goods be moved across an ocean without exposing the vessel to missiles that could be fired by virtually any country in the world? Nevertheless, it is the point on which the future of Sea power and the future of naval warfare will turn.


Rise of Star Wars Weapons

SPACE-BASED SYSTEMS: The future of sea, air and land power depends on the centrality of space. The space-based platforms linked to missiles on the ground. A power that has and retains the global reconnaissance capability will be able to choke off the sea-lanes. Sea-lane control will depend less on oceangoing naval vessels than on space-based vessels. It is not the change in the geography of global trade. The Change is in the means whereby explosives are delivered to the points.  The explosive power of the ship'’ guns and of carrier aircraft will be delivered to those same points by long-range smart projectiles, targeted and triggered from space. The center of gravity of naval warfare will no longer rest with the carrier battle group. It will shift to the command and control system that can deliver projectiles globally.


SPACE POWER WILL CONTROL OCEANS: India should develop space-based assets to target Western maritime assets. The nation that controls space will control the world’s oceans far more completely than it can control world’s landmass. Hypersonic missiles are always going to be in short supply, compared to the possible land targets. There are relatively small number of vessels at sea, that allow the power controlling the space-based reconnaissance platforms controlling the hypersonic weaponry to destroy the sea going ships, vessels, tankers, and trawlers.  There is a fit between the number of vessels and the probable number of projectiles. At sea, hypersonic projectiles would certainly be able to saturate the seascapes and determine the outcome of war. The missiles could never saturate the landscape. Space power cannot destroy Land powers. Space power will be able to destroy Sea powers. The age of the Sea power is coming to end. The rise of land power is imminent even in the Space age.


AGE OF SPACE POWER: Whoever controls space, therefore will control the world’s oceans. Whoever controls the oceans will control the patterns of global commerce. Whoever controls the patterns of global commerce will be the wealthiest power in the world. Whoever is the wealthiest power in the world will be able to control space.


GESTURES OF V SIGN AT MOMENTS OF DEFEAT: When President Richard Nixon finally stood at the door of the helicopter that wold whirl him out of town, Nixon raised both arms, and made V signs with both hands. Nixon turned and delivered a long, last, magisterial wave. Then almost as an afterthought, he snapped off one last defiant salute with both arms: the trade mark Double-Vee. A gesture of a victory in the face of defeat occurred when President Clinton, said in his welcoming remark to the 19 leaders of the NATO. He said that today’s war is not one fought for the control of territory. Balkans War is the first war in recent memory waged in the name of values rather than strategic interests.


Age of Expensive Bombers Ends

KOSOVO NOT A VICTORY FOR AIR POWER: The NATO bombardment of Serbia did not prove the victory of the Air Power over the Land Power. NATO air power worked in Kosovo not because NATO bombed all the Serbia troops out of Kosovo but because it bombed all jobs out of Belgrade. The NATO bombardment of Serbia caused economic infrastructure damage estimated more than $ forty (40) billion dollars. The War coalition of 19 NATO Allies representing more than sixty (60) percent of world GNP and more than 500 million population, deployed more than 50 percent NATO total aircraft. NATO and USA failed to conquer a small nation of ten (10) million people, even after 74 days of brutal inhuman bombarding. World leaders including Russians allowed Bill Clinton a visible victory because they sympathized him for the grueling that he received at the hands of independent Counsel Ken Starr. President Clinton launched NATO bombing over Serbia to divert media press coverage of Cox Report that outlined Chinese thefts of American nuclear weapons secrets. Let the Clinton’s Doctrine be buried without fanfare to maintain civilizational peace. The Clinton Doctrine shall deploy and risk American military and industrial power to wage wars in the name of Christian Civilizational ‘Values’ rather than ‘American National Interest.’ Clinton’s Doctrine will cause the total destruction of the Western Christendom and the Unite States. In the eyes of every Orthodox Christian, the NATO’s Kosovo War was the civilizational war waged by Emperor Pope on Eastern Christianity. It is very likely that Serb will steal Russian nuclear weapons, and deploy them against Vatican-Rome, to ignite the world war of religions. United States fought the Bosnia War and Kosovo War, not to promote the national interests of the United States, but to promote the Catholic interests of Vatican’s Pope.


END OF THE AGE OF STEALTH BOMBERS: Serb anti-aircraft guns shot down two Stealth Bombers, each costing over a billion dollars each. Kosovo War signaled the end of the Stealth Bombers. Kosovo War ended the age of Expensive Bombers.


DISBAND NATO: President Clinton rightly observed that NATO alliance has no meaning in the 21st Century, if NATO fights wars only in defense against ‘an armed attack against one or more’ of its members. The wise men that founded NATO intended otherwise.  United States will be foolish to risk the very existence of Western Christendom, and the United States at risk to perpetuate the archaic organism of NATO alive. The WARSAW Pact is dead, so should be the NATO Pact.


Age of Neutron Bombs

ANTI-PERSONNEL NEUTRON BOMBS: Neutron Bombs will play a role in the civilizational wars in the next century. Enhanced Radiation bombs destroy people without destroying economic infrastructure. The advances in Precision guided munitions allows the air power to destroy the enemy’s economic infrastructure.

Neutron bombs allow the depopulation of the continents. The problem of overpopulation temps the Malthusian solution to the problem of inequitable distribution of continents. White Christian, Catholics and Protestants currently occupy Europe, North America, South America and Australia. Catholics are embarking upon the War of Catholic Proselytizing in the Buddhist, Hindu and Tribal worlds. Catholics are confident that the recent advances in human cloning and infertility treatment will allow White race to increase their share of world population to continue harvesting the empty lands under Christian control. The Civilization and Proselytizing War could take an anti-population turn, when it escalates into a general neutron war. It is possible for China to neutron bomb Sydney, Canberra, Perth, and Auckland, and depopulates Australia and New Zealand.  Religious War can easily escalate into Depopulation Warfare. Western Christianity no longer enjoys the military superiority in the world, to enforce the dominance of Catholicism in the World. The recent advances in the smart missiles and precision guided munitions technology, threatens the battlespace dominance of the aircraft carrier battle groups.


DEPOPULATION IN NEUTRON BOMB WARFARE: Indian nuclear arsenal shall deploy neutron bombs. Neutron bombs shall be effective in the depopulation warfare. Tactical neutron bombs and tactical nuclear weapons will be frequently used in the inter-civilizational warfare in the twenty-first century. In case of any preemptive nuclear strike from any Islamic nation, India will use neutron bombs to cause the loss of more than 50 million lives and resettle Indians in Islamic lands. It will compensate for the radioactive contamination of Indian fertile lands. In case of Anglo-Saxon nuclear strikes on Indian targets, India will retaliate using neutron bombs to depopulate Anglo-Saxon Australia and New Zealand. In case of NATO air strikes against India, India will retaliate at nuclear level to destroy metropolitan targets in non-nuclear Italy, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, Turkey, Croatia, Slovenia, and Austria.


High Mountain Warfare

AFGHANISTAN WAR: Soviet Union lost the Afghan War. The Afghan soldiers at mountaintops could disrupt the vehicular traffic and shoot down aircraft by shoulder held American Stringer Missiles.


KARGIL WAR: Less than 1000 Afghan soldiers occupied mountaintop military shelters, overlooking the strategic Leh-Kargil Highway, at height 10,000 to 16,000 feet high. The thinsulated winter clothing, thinsulated shoes, long-lasting prepared foods, cellular phones, Global position satellite technology, long range guns, allow the guerrilla soldiers shoot vehicles and disrupt vehicular traffic.  India can use the military lessons learnt in Kargil war to overthrow Chinese occupation of Tibet.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights






(0)(1054) Chapter 34 Geopolitics of Asian Heartland Barbarian


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


Age of War Charioteers

CHARIOT WARFARE: In 1700, BC Aryans from Iran and Punjab perfected Chariot warfare. As steel weapons and armor became cheap enough for commoners to afford, the importance of brute numbers increased correspondingly. Protected by metal corselets, shields, and helmets, ordinary infantrymen became able to withstand the arrows of even the noblest charioteers and to reply in kind. Consequently, battle could no longer be decided by maneuvering a few score chariots. Massed infantry became the decisive factor.

Aryan War Charioteers in Arabia

ARYAN INVASIONS OF ARABIA: Hyksos peoples who first infiltrated Egypt and Palestine and then established a more regular political authority there about 1680 BC spoke Indo-Iranian languages. Kassite State in Mesopotamia and the Empire of the Mittani in upper Euphrates Valley ruled by Aryans from Punjab-Iran, who worshipped Vedic Hindu gods. Hurrians, Kassites, Hykos spoke Indo-Iranian language. As the great wave of barbarian chariot invasions subsided about 1500 BC, native reaction of civilizational response against barbarians gained headway. Aryan Hittites rolled back the Egyptian frontiers from northern Syria. In the north and east Mittani, Kassite and Hittite rulers accepted the cultural traditions of their subjects largely.  By 1270 BC the Assyrians, who worshipped God Asura, the pre-Aryan gods, belonged to the Dravidian race, and emerged as the imperial rivals to the Aryan Hittites and Egyptians.


SECOND WAVE OF BARBARIAN ATTACKS: Soon after 1200 BC a new wave of barbarians burst upon the Middle East and destroyed the three-cornered balance of power that developed between the African Egyptian, Dravidian Assyrian, and Aryan Hittite Empires. It was during this period of wandering those familiar tribes as Hebrews, Philistines, Phrygians, Dorians, Chaldeans, and Medes found their historic homes. These invasions subsided soon after 1100 BC. Dravidian Assyrians gradually extended their power, until their empire at its height (745-612 BC), united the whole of Middle east, and occupied Babylonia and Egypt. The classic combination of Aryan barbarian assault of Aryan Medes from Iran, Scythians from northern steppes in Central Asia, and domestic revolt in Babylonia, brought Assyrian power suddenly to ruin (612-606 BC). Nineveh the capital left desolate, and the Dravidian Assyrian nation disappeared forever as a political entity. The Dravidian Assyrian Empire was destoryed by the Aryans.

Steel Weapons

STEEL WEAPONS: Advancement of barbarian striking power through the adoption of iron weapons, more properly steel weapons, helped to provoke the second wave of invasions in 1200-1000 BC. Barbarians sporadically show a superior flexibility in inventing or exploiting new techniques of war. The techniques of smelting iron ores came into common use about 1400 BC in northeast Anatolia. Following the destruction of the Hittite Empire about 1200 BC, the ironsmiths of Asia Minor, who were subjects of the Hittites scattered everywhere. The semi-steels replaced bronze as the primary metal for both weapons and tools between 1200 and 100 BC.

Heavy Armored Cavalry

CATAPHRACTS: The net effect of the Cataphracts, and Armored Cavalry was to establish an exact balance between steppe and civilized warfare. Nomads could not imitate the new civilized style of armaament because the open steppe lacked sufficient pasture to sustain great horses. Similarly, civilized horsemen could not penetrate deeply into the steppe without themselves adopting the nomad stype of light cavalry. A millennial stalemate ensued, each type of cavalry supreme in its own environment, but unable to penetrate the realm of its rival. Only when the military organizaiton and social cohesion of one or the other party to the confrontation weakend, that one could penetrate the realm of the rival.

Need for Big Horses

NEW BREED OF BIG STRONG HORSES: Cataphracts is the Byzantine term for Persian armored Cavalry. Persia was able to withstand and then rollback nomad atttack only because they had developed a new stype of armament and tactics effective against the Mongol horse archers of the steppe. The key-change was the development of a big, strong breed of horse, able to carry enough armor to maake both horse and rider effectively arrow-proof. A force of armored horsemen could stand quietly under the harassment of gallopping steppe cavalry, exchanging shot for shot, until their assailants' quivers and horses were both exhausted. Then a full charge could break the spirit and disperse the forces of the steppe riders. Seldom could heavy armored cavalry overtake light steppe ponies, but a force of armored men could forbid any locality to the steppe bowmen and make their retreat uncomfortably hasty.


Experiment with armor as protection against horse archery, was made soon after steppe light-cavalry tactics was used. Herodotus reports that the Massagetae, learning from Persians, protected their horses with metal breastplates in 530 BC. In the first century BC, the development of the great horses of eastern Iran allowed armored cavalry to retain vital mobility even when burdened with a heavy defensive weight of metal. The discovery that horses fed on harvested alfalfa, nourished adequately all through the year, developed a breed of large, strong horses. 


India Invented Stirrups

The question of when and where stirrups was invented is now clearly decided. The first use of stirrups was done in India. Stirrups became common in the fifth-sixth centuries. (Lynn White, Medieval Technology and Social Change). The full effectiveness of armored cavalry, Cataphracts depended on stirrups, to give the rider firm-seat on his horse and allow shock tactics. Cavalrymen charged with fixed lances, putting the weight of horse and man behind the thurst, could break jup any opposing formation unless it resorted to the same tactics.


Iranian and Byzantine Cataphracts/Armored Cavalry had no prejudices against the bow, and fought regularly with bows, resorting only occasionally tohand-to-hand combat. A Sassanian Iranian cataphracts, armored cavalry jousted with lances. There had been great ancient prejudice in western European warfare against bow, which continued until the time of Crecey (136) and Agincourt (1415). European Knight was not an Western invention, they copied the Persian cataphract warfare. 

Resons for Barbarians' Victory

WHY BARBARIANS SUCCEEDED: Barbarians show a superior flexibility in inventing or exploiting new techniques of war. The relatively homogeneous barbarian tribes, among which every man was an n effective soldier, were the first to exploit the full possibilities of the new metal in war. Civilized communities find it more difficult, to use new military technology. Civilized world did not usually dare to arm bulk of the population.  The sharp social division between warrior aristocrats and an unmilitary subject population vitiated the civilized military strength. It is therefore no strange that relatively crude and barbarous tribes were able to overwhelm the chariot-chivalry of the Hittites in Anatolia and of the Mycenaeans in Greece, reducing both areas to neo-barbarians. Both Egyptians and Assyrians lost their imperial possessions to the barbarian invaders.

Response of Civilizations

RESPONSE OF CIVILIZATIONS: The leaders of the civilizations observed the improved techniques of warfare, which made the barbarian conquests possible. As barbarian warriors accustomed themselves to the luxuries of the civilization, they tended to lose military, cohesion and valor. The history of Egypt under the Hykos offers the clear example of this double process. The later Hykos rulers took on the outward trappings of Egyptian civilization. The technique of chariot warfare mated with the barbarian technology of infantry equipped with steel weapons metal corselets, shields and helmets. The striking arm of the new-model Egyptian army was a professional force of charioteers, and infantrymen recruited largely from barbarian fringes of the Egyptian world, and paid from booty and from taxes levied on conquered populations.

Expansion of Islamic Empire

ISLAMIC EXPANSION: Islamic conquest showed that the barbarians could defeat the large standing armies. Caliph Omar summoned restless elements from all Arabia to attack Byzantine and Sassanian unbelievers in the name of Allah.  Syria (636), Iraq (637), Mesopotamia (641), Egypt (642), and Iran (651) fell to Moslem arms. The financial stringency and war weariness prevailed in Byzantine Empire and Sassanian Empire, the result of long and mutually exhausting war (606-30). Byzantine simultaneously engaged against Avars on their northern frontiers. The poorly equipped Arab horse riders and camel riders, operating over very long distances, defeated the best professional cataphract forces, which Greeks and Persian could muster. Arabs had superior mobility. The death of Mohammed took place in 632 AD. Caliph Abu Bakr died in 634 AD. Assassin murdered Caliph Omar in 644 AD. Caliph Othman was assassinated in 656 AD. Caliph Ali was assassinated in 661 AD. Caliph Muawiya of Syria established the new Moslem Empire at Damascus in Syria. Ummayad dynasty ruled Islam from Damascus until 750 AD. Ummayad forces siege Byzantine, and succeeded in cutting of the Byzantine from its hinterland for an entire year, 717-18, and threatened to destroy the entire Byzantine State. Ummayad dynasty was overthrown and Abbasid Caliphate established in 750 AD. The main support of the Abbasid Caliphs came from Persian converts in eastern Persia. Persian Moslems tended to regard the old Sassanian political patterns as a norm. Abbasid Caliphs consciously modeled themselves in many respects upon Sassanian precedents. The Moslem capital moved to Baghdad. Arab Moslems ceased to enjoy any preference over non-Arabs in Abbasid Empire. Mohammed’s revelation, were specially attuned to the urban living and addressed especially to the Semite Arabs and only through them to the world at large. Therefore met a definite need among a small but strategically situated portion of Arab population, who had abandoned the nomadic way of life for agriculture or trading.  Caliph Abdalmalik (685-705) made Arabic the official language of Administration. In Islamic world, the old line of demarcation between Roman Syria and Persia Iraq survived the Moslem conquests. It explains that the seat of Islam would shift to Tehran and Persian Aryans would be the dominant race in the Islamic world.

Barbarian War confederations

BARBARIAN WAR CONFEDERATIONS: Consolidation of the barbarian heartland’s under barbaric leaders results in the vast movement of people in the Eurasian continent. In second century BC the military ower of the first great empire of the eastern Mongolian steppe hastened a far-ranging displacement of peoples, for the alternative to submission was flight. Many nomads submitted, but some preferred to flee toward the richer and imperfectly defended lands to the west and south. This movement started a wave of migration that affected all Eurasia. Earlier Parthian in Iran, Sarmatians in southern Russia, Shakas and Kushans in Afghanistan, and Indians, all spoke Persian-Sanskrit dialects. The flights of the peoples from Mongolia steppes resulted in the abandonment of the central portion of the steppe to Turkish-speaking tribes.

Decline of Silk Trade

SILK TRADE AND DECLINE OF PERSIA: In Iran the internal tensions between aristocracy, common people, and monarch were acute, as evidenced by the religious revolutionary movement of Mazhakism. The decay of the silk trade after the end of the sixth century, when home-grown cocoons allowed the Byzantines to do without silk imported from China, depleted Persian royal treassury. The Persians had long been middlemen in this trade. The cities of Sassanian Persia and the royal treasury had both drawn important revenues from it. The unprecedented scale of Persian attack upon Byzantine in the long war of 606-30AD, was desperate effort by Persian King to seize as plunder wealth he could no longer gain by taxing caravans carrying silk to Syria. Without such a money income Persian King were unable to maintain adequate standing army to counterbalance the unruly feudality of Iran. The loss of Syria and Egypt to Islam denied the incomes of the richest cities to Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Navy blockaded the Mediterranean trade of Syria and Egypt with Franklands.

Chariot Power Destroyed Sea Powers

SEAPOWER VERSUS CHARIOT POWER: River Valley civilizations during 3500-300 BC had close maritime links among Indus, Mesopotamia and Egypt civilizations. The war chariots determined relations among ancient civilizations during 1700-1400 BC between India and Egypt and Mesopotamia, and China and Greece.


Mongol Light Archery Cavalry

MONGOL EMPIRE: The great Mongol Emperor, Genghis Khan (1206-27) is the most dramatic example of the potentialities of nomad warfare. When Genghis Khan died in 1227, Mongol Empire included entire steppe from Volga to the Amur. Mongols conquered Eastern Europe in 1241, Persia, Iraq, and Anatolia by 1258, all of China by 1279. In 1292, a Mongol expedition against Java met temporary success. Mongols overran Burma in 1297. In 1260, Mamelukes of Egypt defeated Mongols in Palestine and expelled Mongols from Syria.

Turki Linguistic War

LINGUISTIC WARFARE: Genghis Khan’s three elder sons confronted the task of ruling vast empires carved from Genghis Khan’s Empire without the support of the Mongol Army, which was concentrated under the command of their youngest brother. Turks of the steppe had been folded into the Mongol military system from the start, and their superior numbers led to a rapid decay of the Mongol language among the ruling groups everywhere west of Mongolia proper. This linguistic transformation paralleled a wider process of acculturation.

Islamic Conversion of Buddhist Mongols

ISLAMIZATION OF MONGOLS: In 1257, the Khan of the Golden Horde on the Volga began to favor Islam and allied himself with Mameluke of Egypt against the Mongol Khan of Persia. In 1295, the Khans of Persia espoused the Moslem faith. During the following century in 1300’s Islam became dominant in the ancient oases of the Tarim basin and penetrated the central steppe itself in Sinkiang.

Light Cavalry

MONGOL LIGHT CAVALRY OF ARCHERS: No technical improvement in weapons was associated with the Mongol conquests. Genghis Khan's army did however show itself adept in making use of new military machines, wherever encountered. Thus catapults constructed by Moslem artisans battered down Chinese city walls for the Mongol commanders and Chinese gunpowder was used in Hungary. Mongol striking force was Cavalry. Light Cavalry of Archers was native to Mongolia, supported by Heavy Armored Cataphracts. It combined firepower with shock. The normal tactic was encirclement, modeled on the annual hunt, which was a regular feature of Mongol tribal life. For this hunt, all th emen of the tribe rode forth to form a great circle, which then gradually closed, driving the game into a limited battlefield where it cpould be conveniently slaughtered for winter meat supplies. This called for co-ordination of movements over long distances without loss of contact or control and constituted the best sort of staff training for Mongol commanders and soldiers, since soldiers and huntsmen were one and the same.

Mobility & Coordination

MOBILITY & MOVEMENT COORDINATION: Mongols had an excellent Courier Service, elaborate Advance and Flank Scouting, and the extraordinary Hardiness of both Horses and Men who had grown up under the bleak and harsh conditions of the mongolian steppe. The superiority of the Mongols over civilized armies lay not in numbers, nor in armaament, but in mobility and co-ordination of movements over very long distances. Mongol armies were often inferior in numbers over civilized armies. The civilized armies had better armament. The Mongols were capable of moving in widely dispersed columns over all sorts of terrain, while maintaining communication between separate columns to assure concentration of all forces at the decisive time and place. Mongol Subotai, the general in charge of the invasion of Europe in 1241, thought nothing of co-ordinating columns operating in Poland with other pressing into Hungary, despite the Carpathian barrier between them. No European Army could achieve comparable feats of co-ordination over such distances, until the late nineteenth Century.

Small Mongol Army

SMALLER MONGOL ARMY: Only 4,000 Mongols were assigned to each of the Genghis Khan's two elder sons. By contrast, the youngest son commanded 129,000 men. Such lopsided distribution of authority had the virtue, of maintaining an effective if loose unity to the entire empire until 1294, when kublai Khan, Genghis Khan's grandson died. Genghis Khan's three elder sons confronted the task of ruling vast territories carved from their father's empire without the support of the Mongol Army, which was concentrated under the command of their youngest brother. Consequently, in all the western portions of the Mongol Empire, Turkish peoples of Central Asia became powerful in the Army. Turks had been integrated into Mongol military system from the start. The numerical superiority of the Turks in the Mongol military system led totherapiod decay of the use of Mongol language among the ruling groups everywhere of Mongolia proper.

Barbarian Instability

BARBARIAN THREAT OF INSTABILITY: From 1300 onwards, incessant warfare in Moslem heartland, produced a continuous stream of skilled mercenary soldiers. These mercenary soldiers having met only hard knocks in Iran and central Asia were eager to try their fortunes as warriors for Islam against Hinduism and Christendom. The political disorder at the center of Islam, acted like a great winnowing fan, sucking warlike groups and individuals from the steppe into the Moslem heartland. It then drove the survivors toward the frontiers of Islam, to join the invasions of Hinduism and Christianity. Similarly, the political instability in Afghanistan after the Soviet invasion in 1981 is acting like a winnowing fan, that is driving Islamic fundamentalists and drug dealers and terrorists towards Hindu India and Orthodox Russia.



RISE OF FIREARMS: Nevertheless, by 1500 the military tide had turned against the steppe peoples. Firearms were becoming the decisive weapons of war. Ottoman armies because of their willingness and ability to make full use of canons achieved their most brilliant victories after the middle of the fifteenth century. As soon as the firearms became decisive on the battlefield, steppe people found themselves at a tremendous disadvantage. Civilized communities which nomad could never attain could only produce such complicate weapons. The centuries of attachment to the art of horse archery made the steppe people extremely loathe experimenting with new weapons, even when civilized traders put them expensively within nomads’ reach. Their reluctance was reinforced by the fact that the invention of firearms reversed the long-standing balance of forces between cavalry and infantry. This historical importance of the nomads ended.

Mongol Conquest of Islamic World

MONGOL CONQUEST AND ISLAM: When the Mongols overthrew the Baghdad Caliphate (1258), even the pretense of political unity in Moslem world disappeared. `The irrigation system of Mesopotamia fell upon evil days when Turkish upstarts and plunderers began to quarrel over political supremacy in the ancient flood plains. Failure of elaborate and skilful maintenance of the canal system spelled disaster. Therefore, salt pans and swamps, barren desert and scant grazing lands had begun to encroach upon cultivated field a century or more before the Mongol conquest (1258 AD). Islam caused the desertification of Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Algeria, and Libya.

Afghan Syndrome

BARBARIAN AFGHAN SYNDROME: Aghanistan produces 75 percent opium of the world. Drug trade generates $600 billion annual income for Drug cartels worldwide, out of that $300 billion is generated in the United States annually. Catholics and Sunnis control the Global Drug trade. Hindu India, Orthodox Russia should join forces to occupy Afghanistan and Burma to disrupt Global Drug Trade to stragulate the financial base of China, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Forcible occupation of the barbarian homeland and heartland, alone checks the menace of barbarian threats to civilizations.

China Vulnerable in Tibet Mountain Warfare

CHINA IS VULNERABLE IN TIBET: Tibet, Mongolia, and Sinkiang are part of the steppes that created Great Mongol Empire and conquered China. Modern technology allows the conquest of the deserts. The military revolution in highmountain wafare allows Tibet revoloutionaries to pin down settlers and Chinese PLA. The military lessons of Afghan invasions of Kargil are that India can disrupt vehicular traffic on main road interlinking Kashi and Yarkand in Sinkiang with Lhasa. The Road connecting Sichuan province with Tibet, from Chengdu -Sichuan with Lhasa-Tibet is vulnerable. Road connecting Lanzhou in Gansu province with Lhasa-Tibet via Xining-Qinghuai is vulnerable. India has 20 to 1 geopolitical advantages against China, in winning the Tibet War against China. Indian nuclear weapons would deter any Chinese nuclear adventuresome in Tibet. India should engage China in Tibet to settle the debacle of 1962.

Deislamization of Central Asia

DE-ISLAMIZATION OF CENTRAL ASIA: Central Asian republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Sinkiang became Muslim by default during Mongol rule. Mongol Empire was a Buddhist Empire. Genghis Khan was a Buddhist. Buddhism could become the religion of the land in Central Asia some day. Turki people of Central Asia may dream to conquer the Islamic world in future.

Afghanistan Belongs to Sikh

SIKH OCCUPATION OF AFGHANISTAN: Afghanistan and Pakistan were part of Sikh Empire of Ranjit Singh. Sikh occupation of Afghanistan will solve the problem of Islamic fundamentalism, terrorism and drug menace. 

Modern Mobile Armed Infantry

RISE OF MOBILE ARMED INFANTRY: The Presigion guided Muniitons has heralded the age of Infantry. The high mountain warfare make the light mobile armed infantry letha.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights





(0)(1055) Chapter 35 India’s Tibet War


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


(i) Genocide of Buddhists

GEOPOLITICS GUARANTEES INDIA’S VICTORY: India will win the Tibet war and expel Han settlers out of Tibet, and Qinghai provinces. Throught history China could never occupy the Mountainlands of Tibet and steppes of Outer Mongolia. The military revolution witnessed in the Kargil War guarantees India’s victory in Tibet War.

China vulnerable from Tibet

GREAT WALL OF CHINA: Geopolitically China is very vulnerable for invasions of barbarians west of the Mountains. Minorities occupy the mountainous regions of China. Minorities account for 10 percent population of China and occupy 60 percent landmass of China. Han soldiers are unfit to fight in high-mountain terrain. China partitioned Tibet into two provinces, Western Tibet is Tibet, Xizang Zishiqu Province, and the Easter Tibet is Qinghua Province. The Lhasa is the largest city in Tibet. The cities of Chengdu in Sichuan Province, Lanzhou in Gansu Province, are the nearest two big cities from Lhasa, and they as far from Lhasa as Vishakhapatnam is to Lhasa. Lhasa is only 200/300 miles from Gangtok in Sikkim. China is scared about Indian support to Chinese minorities. China east of the Great Walls of China can not defend against Buddhist rebels in the mountain terrain. Chinese provinces of Sinkiang (Xinjiang), Tibet (Xizang), East Tibet (Qinghuai), and Yunnan.


India Securing New Aliances

NORTH BURMA OPERATIONS: Burma north of 20-degree latitude is an Indian sphere of influence. Indian Airforce from Mytkyina Airports supplied Chinese troops. Without Indian Airforce supplies, Chinese resistance would have surrendered to Japan during the Second World War. North Burma has border links with North Laos. Indian base in North Burma would allow Indian Army to move into Laos. From Laos India can move in to Cambodia and Vietnam. During War, India would occupy North Burma, north of 20 degree. It allows the sea access to the Indian Northeast states. India should promote insurgencies in North Burma, to destabilize the region and encourage the secession of North Burma. India should overthrow the Communist military regime in Burma and install a Buddhist regime in Burma. India would push Naga, Mizoram tribes into Burma and encourage their intermarriages with North Burmese tribes. North Burma is India’s gateway to Southeast Asia. India should go to war with China, in case China objects to India developing close relationship with Burma in North Burma. Burma and Sri Lanka were a part of India before 1935. The 20-degree parallel will divide Burma into Indian zone and Chinese sphere.


ROAD NETWORK IN NORTH BURMA: Imphal-India connected with motor road to Manually. Digboi-India connected with Myitkyina via road that goes to Namhkam border point, and on to Baaoshan, Dali, Chuxiong and Kuming in Yunnan Province. Mandalay has direct motor links to Chiang Mai in Thailand and Louangphrabang in North Laos. North Burma, north of 20 parallel is India’s gateway to Yunnan Province of China, Chiang Mai in North Thailand, and Louangphrabang in North Laos. Louangphrabang has good road links to Vinh in Central Vietnam, to Phnum Penh Cambodia, and to Viangchan on Thailand border. North Burma breaks the encirclement of India and makes India a southeast power, and an Asia –Pacific power.

Chinese base in Coco Islands

CHINESE NAVAL BASE AT COCO ISLANDS: Chinese Navy base-facilities at Coco Islands, just north of the Andaman Islands, presents significant threat to India. India should demand similar facilities at Preparis Islands and Cheduba Island. India needs maritime support centers along the Burma Coastline to provide assistance to the launches and Coastal vessels plying between Calicut port, Bengal coasts, coasting along the territorial waters of Bangladesh and Burma.

India-Cambodia Defense Pact

INDIA-CAMBODIA DEFENSE PACT: India should enter defense pact with Cambodia and Laos. India would establish Buddhist governments in Cambodia and Laos. Historically Laos, Cambodia and Thailand had been part of Hindu Indian Civilization, while Vietnam had been under Chinese influence. India would assert a sphere of influence over Laos and Cambodia.

India-Vietnam Defense Pact

INDIA-VIETNAM DEFENSE PACT: China invaded Vietnam to challenge the domination of Vietnam in Southeast Asia. India supported Vietnam during Vietnam War. However, India failed to develop close military, economic and political relations with Vietnam after the victory over America. India-China War for the liberation of Tibet will result in cross border confrontations along the entire range of border insurgencies extending from North Vietnam, North Laos, and Northeast Burma. Burma-China frontiers shall be the main theater of India-China war.

Parcel Islands

GEOPOLITICS OF PARCEL ISLANDS: Vietnam and China both claim Parcel Islands. India would support the claims of Vietnam. India will develop permanent naval presence in Parcel Islands. The oil resources of Parcel Islands are legendary.

 India Taiwan Nuclear Pact

INDIA-TAIWAN NUCLEAR PACT: India should provide nuclear umbrella over Taiwan. India should lease Taiwanese Pacific Ocean islands of Huoshao Tao, and Hung Fou Hso Islands for developing Naval bases. India should deploy SLBM equipped nuclear submarines in South China Sea to defend Taiwan.


INDIA-BHUTAN PACT: India should develop high-mountain warfare division in Bhutan, to train soldiers and to acclimatize them. Arunchal Pradesh, Bhutan, Nepal, North U.P., Himanchal Pradesh, and Laddhak provide the long stretch of High Himalayas that separates Tibet from India. Indian troops needs training in mountain climbing, acclimatizing to high altitudes, and sub-zero temperatures. India should develop close religious and military ties with Nepal.


INDIA MONGOLIA PACT: India should sign a defense Pact with Mongolia to protect Mongolia with nuclear deterrent, in case of Chinese invasions of Mongolia. India should develop permanent settlement in Mongolia in North Mongolia near the town Suchbaata on the road links to Ulan Ude, Lake Baikal, and Irkutsk.

India-Russia Defense Pact

INDIA-RUSSIA PACT: China targets Eastern Siberia for settlement of Chinese population. Currently there are more than 5 million illegal Chinese workers in Eastern Siberia. India should plan permanent military bases in Siberia, especially around Vladivostok, Chabarovsk, and Irkutsk. Indian military bases in Siberia would deter massive Chinese invasions of Siberia.


INDIA-KYRGYZSTAN PACT: India should enter Pact with Kygyzstan and Kazakhstan India should deploy troops in Kygyzstan to check Islamic fundamentalism in Central Asia.

India Supports Rebels in China

SINKIANG-TIBET-QINGHAI-YUNNAN REBELS: India should promote secession of Muslim Sinkiang, Buddhist Tibet, Buddhist Qinghai, and Christian Yunnan. Yunnan province is the center of Drug trade in China, and it redistributes Opium and Heroin grown in Burma and golden Crescent.


China Torturing Buddhists

INDIA SUPPORTS BUDDHIST FALUN GONG SECT: Falun Gong is a peaceful religious sect having a membership of more than 100 million. Communist China has banned Falun Gong and unleashing unprecedented reign of terror, persecution and torture of Buddhist population of China. Christian Mao Zedong launched Anti-Right Purges in 1957 that caused the deaths of more than 60 million Buddhists in China, by executions and starvation. China may be conspiring to massacre more than one million Buddhists in China, in its desperate bid to hold on to power. World leaders should join forces to provide military support to Buddhists in China to establish a Buddhist government in China. India should arm Buddhists in Tibet and Qinghai, Christians in Yunnan, and Muslims in Sinkiang Xinxiang. India should arm religious revolutionaries to help overthrow the atheist communist regime in China.

Revolution in Mountain Warfare

REVOLUTION IN MOUNTAIN WARFARE: Recent technological advances in Cellular telephones, Global Position Satellite Technology, long-lasting ready to eat prepared food products, thinsulated sub-zero winter clothing, pagers, wireless Internet connections, shoulder carried missiles and precision guided munitions, allow light mobile infantry units to operate independently over a long period in hostile terrain. The military objective in High Mountain warfare is to disrupt the vehicular traffic over the main road networks.

Lessons of Kargil Warfare

MILITARY LESSONS OF KARGIL WAR: During Kargil, a small number of Afghan fighters, acclimatized for snow-clad mountain weather, occupied military posts abandoned during Winter. They were equipped with snowmobiles, pagers, long-lasting food products, long range guns, long range mortars. There military objective was to disrupt the vehicular traffic on the selected patches of the Kargil-Leh Highway, from their strongholds at mountaintop having clear line of sight vision of the main Kargil-Leh road. From a distance of 25 miles, they could disrupt the vehicular traffic. The shoulder launched stringer missiles would shoot down aircraft bombers. India should use the military lessons during High Mountain Kargil War to liberate Tibet, by disrupting vehicular traffic to and from Lhasa and Tibet.


Communists Plan Genocide

COMMUNISM IS A DEMONIAC DOCTRINE: Prophet Karl Marx was a prostitute-philosopher, who produced the philosophic concoction to camouflage the genocidal religious doctrine. Prophet Joshua used the patriarchal religious doctrine to massacre the civilizations of goddess worshippers. Prophet Joshua massacred the matriarchal property owners, to occupy their lands and property. Similarly, Catholic Joseph Stalin executed 30 million Orthodox Christians to confiscate their properties, even when they were no threat to Stalin. Stalin murdered them not for what they did, but for what believed in. Prophet Joshua massacred the nations in Jordan, not for what they did to Jews, but for what they believed in and worshipped. Catholic Mao Zedong caused the death of more than 60 million Buddhists due to executions and starvation deaths. Deng ordered the death of protesters in Tiananmen Square that resulted in many deaths. China has again unleashed terror against Buddhists by prosecuting Buddhist Falun Gong, not for what they did, but what they worship and believe in.


Hindus Defend Buddhists in China

HINDU INDIA’S RELIGIOUS WAR ON CHINA: Hindu India has to take up arms to overthrow the Communist regime in China. India can not remain silent to the recent mass executions of Buddhist in China. India should provide arms and munitions to Buddhists in China to overthrow Communist regime in china, and to establish Buddhist government in China. Buddhists constitute a majority in China and Communist Party can not deny the right of self-rule. Buddhists should either rule China, or secede from China to establish Buddhist government in breakaway provinces of China. India should launch a religious war against China to protect the Buddhist civilization, culture and religion in China. India should wage a religious war against communists all over the world. Hindu India will wage a civilizational war against Communist China, to bring China back into Buddhist Civilization. Hindu Indian Army will sacrifice their lives to reestablish Dharma in China. India-China War on Tibet would be the greatest world war the world has ever seen. India does not covet land. However, India would go to war to reestablish Buddhist government in China.


Clash of Titans

TIBET WAR WILL BE A TRUE WORLD WAR: India China Tibet War will be a war of Titans. The Tibet war is a civilizational war as the goal of the war is the overthrowing of Communist regime and installation of Buddhist government of China. Hindus would go to war against Communists in China to promote Buddhism in China.


Lesson of Catholic Crusades

ANTI-JEWISH ANTI-MUSLIM CRUSADES: Pope Urban II summoned the knights of Europe to take part in the First Crusade in November 1095. First Crusaders captured Jerusalem in July 1099, and slaughtered 30,000 Jews and Muslim inhabitants of Jerusalem in two days. Richard Lion-Heart led England in Third Crusades in 1191, and he promoted the concept of the ‘Blood Libel,’ the belief that Jews used the blood of Christian children to make matzoh at Passover. Western Chistians invented a new identity for themselves, Jews became the demoniac ‘Other.’ Nearly a millennium after Urban II’s rallying cry, some Muslim fundamentalists still call Western imperialism and Western Christianity by the same name: Al-Salibiyyah- the Crusade.


ANTI-ORTHODOXY CRUSADES: When the first Crusaders approached Constinople, it seemed to the apalled Byzantines, new barbarian invasion. Princess Anna Comnena, sister of the Byzantine Emperor wrote, “The whole West was bursting into Asia in a solid mass, with all its possessions.” Muslim Saladin recaaptured Jerusalem in 1187. The Third Crusade in 1191 failed to retake Jerusalem. The first Crusade was the first cooperative act of the new Europe as it strugled back onto the international scene. Crusades had drawn hordes of men, women, peasants, foot soldiers, with the lure of the gold of the Holy City. After the failure of the Third Crusade to retake Jerusalem, during Fourth Crusade of 1204, West Europeans abaadoned its assault on the Islamic world and turned its vemon instead on the Orthodox Christian city of Constantinople. West European launched First Crusade to loot the Gold of Jerusalem, the Holy City. The decisive Muslim Saladin’s victory in 1187 in Jerusalem forced the gold-seeking warriors of Fourth Crusades look for new targets. Catholic Crusaders after defeat at the hands of Muslims decided to loot the Orthodox Christian City of Constntinople.

Buddhist Burma & Cambodia

RECONVERT CHRISTIANS IN BURMA & CAMBODIA: Christian world is aligning with Islamic world to Christianize Hindus and Buddhists, similar to Catholic alliance with Orthodox Byzantine against Muslims and Jews in the Holy Land. The decisive Muslim victory and defeat of Catholics brought sense into Western Christians and they aligned with Muslims to destroy and conquer Eastern Christianity. Hindus should inflict a decisive defeat on proselytizing Christians and forcibly reconvert the recent Christian converts back into Hinduism and Buddhism. After inflicting the decisive defeat on Christian missionaries, Hindus should offer support for the Christianization of Indonesia, Malaysia, Bosnia, Kosovo, Albania, Iraq, Turkey, Syria, Egypt, Libya and Algeria. Just as Crusaders were looking for Gold, the present day Evangelists, and proselytizing missionaries are looking for new souls for conversions, and they would prefer to convert a Muslim soul, the fellow people of the book. Hindu India should forcibly reconvert Christians in Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Burma, and India. After defeating Christian missionaries, in their own game of religious conversions, in Hindu and Buddhist world, Hindu India should support the Christianization of the Islamic world. Proselytizing Hinduism would align with proselytizing Christianity to Christianize the Islamic world. Hindus and Christians can align to hunt for souls in the Islamic world. Hindus warn Christians not to convert Hindus and Buddhists. Hindus and Buddhists do not mind, if the Vatican uses Indian help in Catholicization of the entire Islamic world. Hindus oppose the Christian proselytizing in the oriental world. However, Hindus would support Vatican, in the Catholicization of the Occidental world. India would go to war against Christians to protect Buddhism in China, Cambodia, Laos and Burma. Hindu offer to Pope is as follows: help us reconvert 50 million Christians back to Hinduism and Buddhism, and India would help convert 300 million Muslims into Christianity.

Falun Gong

AMERICA OPPOSES FALUN GONG: Vatican and American Chrisians are over joyed that like Catholic Pol Pot the present Communist regime of China recently launched the extermination campaign against Buddhist Falun Gong that boasted a membership of 100 million Chinese followers. Christian leaders encouraged Chinese Communists to launch Anti-Right campaign against Falun Gong, hoping that the massacre of Chinese Buddhists would pave a way for the Chistian government of China.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights




(0)(1055) 35 (ii) Secession of Tibet


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


Empire of Song Tsen Gampo

TIBETAN KING SONG TSEN GAMPO As early as the second century BC and at intervals down to the third century AD, nomad tribes of Tibetan stock, known as the Chi'ang, harried the borders of north-west China. In the seventh century AD, Tibetans suddenly emerged as a formidable military power fighting their way into the confines of China and demanding a Chinese princess in marriage for their king. In 635 young Tibetan king, Song-tsen Gampo demanded and eventually received a Chinese princess as his bride. To Song-tsen Gampo is attributed not only the creation of Tibetan military greatness, but also the introduction of writing and the Buddhist religion. After their first invasions of China the Tibetans extended their warlike activities in all directions with remarkable vigor.


Tibet Empire

TIBETAN EMPIRE: Tibetans invaded India in 648. In 670 Tibetans annihilated the Tu-yu-hun people of the neither Koko Nor area. Tibetans captured the four main Chinese strongholds in Chinese Turkestan and cut Chinese communications with the west and laid the foundations of a Tibetan Empire in Central Asia. In the WEST Tibetans occupied Hunza and they penetrated as far as Swat, with which they had religious connection. Tibetans were in contact with Arab conquerors of Transoxiana. Tibetan military operations extended as far as Farghana and Samarkand. Tibetans threatened Baghdad that caused Harun-ar-Rashid, the Caliph of Baghdad to align with for a short time with the Chinese against the Tibetans. In the north and northeast the Tibetans marched with the Uighurs and with the Western Turks (Tou-Kiue). Tibetans frequently made a common cause with Western Turks against China. In the South Tibetans dominated the kingdom of Nepal and the hill tribes on the Indian side of the Himalayas. Tibetan activities spread into Upper Burma.


TIBETAN INVASIONS OF CHINA: To China itself the Tibetans were a constant source of trouble. Tibetan armies pushed further into the territory of the T'ang Empire. Tibetan generals and ministers occupied and administered almost the whole of Kansu and the greater part of Szechwan and northern Yunnan. To win respite the Chinese had to pay the annual tribute of 50,000 rolls of silk.

Tibetan Emperor of China

TIBETAN EMPEROR OF CHINA: In 763, when a new Emperor withheld the annual tribute to Tibet, the Tibetan Army captured the Chinese Capital, which was then at Chang'an (Sian) and set up, for a short time, the brother of the preceding Tibetan King's wife as Emperor of China. Tibet and China, it is clear, were then two powers on an equal footing. In fact, the Tibetans were regularly the aggressors and in general, had the upper hand. T'ang Emperor paid tributes to Tibet. Tibet never paid tributes to China. China could never occupy Lhasa. Tibetans occupied chines capital at Ch'angan. The first Treaty concluded between China and Tibet in A.D 821. It is recorded on a stone pillar in Lhasa. It is beyond question a treaty between equals. Even in 1794, China did not mention Tibet as among the vassals of China.


EXTENT OF TIBETAN EMPIRE IN AD 750: Rand McNally Historical Atlas of the World describes the frontiers of Tibet Empire of 750 AD to include whole Nepal. The four Chinese garrisons of Khotan (Yutien), Kashgar (Chlasha), Kucha (Anhsi), Ynchi and Peiting, lost to Tibetans and Tibet occupied Chinese Tukestan south of Tien Mountains. The decisive battle of Tolas in 751 Tibet Army defeated china. Karluks, Western Turks came under Tibetan control after 754. Tibet conquered Gilgit in Kashmir in 751. Tibet had conquered Tuyuhuns and reached the borders of the Gobi desert. Tibet in early seventh century unified into a militarily formidable kingdom. In the mid-eighth century, Tibetan raiders disputed the spoils of the oasis cities with the Moslems of eastern Iran. The success of the Tibetans was such that they soon built an empire reaching from the mouth of the Ganges and the upper Indus northward to Lake Balkash in Siberia, and east to the great bend of the Yellow River. By 860, the outlying regions of Tibet Empire had brokenaway, but the nucleus of the Tibetan State survived.

Indian Influence over Tibet

INDIAN INFLUENCES OVER TIBET: Severe geographical conditions made anything more than a protocivilization impossible in Tibet. This, together with the desire to remain spiritually independent of china, accounts for the very limited penetration of Chinese styles of life in Tibet. Lamaists of Tibet remained always conscious of the Indian Buddhist origins of their faith, thus in effect opposing Sinification by appealing to the traditions of a rival great civilization. The moral energy of Lamaism increased in the fourteenth century when a reform movement captured many of the monasteries of Tibet and instituted a more rigorous intellectual and ascetic discipline among the monks. This reformed Yellow Monks, so called for from the color of the monk's robes, became dominant in the later Tibetan history.

Rise of Yellow Monks

RISE OF YELLOW MONKS: The missionary extension of the Reformed Yellow Robed Monks successfully brought nearly all of the Mongol peole under its fold. The Yellow robes were charecterized by insisting upon celibacy and a stricter monastic discipline. Early in the sixteenth century, the Yellow Robes won contgrol of the Tibetan government. The Grand Lama of Lhasa became a sort of Mayor of the palace and assumed political as well as religious authority in the land. Toward the end of the sixteenth century, various Mongol tribes began to acknowledge the authority of the Yellow Robes. By the early seventeenth century, most of the Mongol tribes converted to the Yellow Robes. The Chinese government attempted to establish diplomatic influence over the leaders of Yellow Robes. The religious hierarchy of Lamaism had a hand in consolidating the formidable Kalmuk confederacy. Kalmuk Confederacy from its headquarters on the Ili River challenged the best military efforts of the Chinese government until 1757. Then a smallpox epidemic finished what Chinese Armies had begun and wiped the stubborn nomads from political existence. Lamaism protected the horsemen of the Asia's steppe from the spiritual domination of their more highly civilized neighbors. The Hindu revival in India and the reform of Lamaism in Tibet and Mngolia served to protect local cultural values against alien pressures.


Mongol Threat to China:

BARBARIAN THREAT FROM STEPPES: Historically Han Chinese could never settle down in the hostile Steppes and Mountain lands. The people of the steppes needed lands for horse pastures, and eliminated local residents of conquered territories, as men competed with horses for lands. English absent Aristocracy expelled peasants from Irish lands and switched to sheep farming over corn or potato farming. The farming required farmers, who need food, and thus compete with sheep for lands, while Sheep meant the cash crop of wool and milk for the absent landlords. Prophet Joshua recommended the massacre of all men and women except virgins, because females could be shepherds and polygamy allowed a man to have numerous women and large flock of sheep. Anglo Saxon settlers eliminated native Indian populations of North America, Australia and New Zealand, and limited population could supervise large sheep farms. Semite Arab race from Saudi deserts massacred the men of civilized agricultural societies of Egypt, Libya and Algeria, and could develop a successful sheep farming economy using female hands. It caused the destruction of agricultural farming in Libya and Algeria and the agricultural lands taken over by Sahara Desert. Cruel barbarians have a military advantage over civilizations.

Minorities Would Secede from China

CHINESE CAN NOT OCCUPY MOUNTAIN LANDS: Only nomads can survive in Mongolia, Sinkiang, Tibet, Qinghai, and Yunnan. Historically Han Chinese could never settle down in the hostile Steppes and Mountain lands. The Han could never settle in Mongolian steppes, Sinkiang Desert, and Tibet Mountains. Non-agricultural economy of mountainous regions, based on low population density, can not support large cities and large population base that civilizations require. Chinese cannot rule the region without the support of local population. All major cities in Sinkiang and Tibet are near Indian borders. Kashi, Shasche in Sinkiang, and Lhasa in Tibet is near to Indian borders, and they had been part of Indian civilization, culture and economy. China can not sustain its garrisons in Kashi, Sache, and Lhasa by supplies from China. China developed close political relationship with Pakistan to secure supplies and support to its troops in Kashi, Sache, and Hotan. China developed close relationship with Nepal to secure supplies to Lhasa. China invaded India in 1962, to secure foothold on the Indian side of the Mountains so that Indians would not climb up the mountains and threaten Chinese hegemony. Once Indian High Mountain divisions disrupt Chinese vehicular traffic on the Kashi-Zhaxigang-Mansarovar-Heithe or Xifgaze, and Lhasa, and Chengdu route, then Chinese hold over Tibet would collapse. India should adopt typical Mongol strategy in Tibet. Mongol strategy emphasized mobility and surprise attacks on enemies and destruction of enemy properties to create chaos. Buddhist Tibet revolutionaries should attack Chinese communication networks and civilian settlements. Han persecution of Tibetan Buddhist would end, after violent Buddhist attacks on Han civilian properties in mountainous regions. It would cause exodus of Han settlers from isolated communities, which would become military command centers for more guerrilla operations.

India Intervenes in Afghanistan

INDIAN OPERATION IN AFGHANISTAN: Indian Army should intervene in Afghanistan to train for high mountain warfare. Military lessons of Afghan operations would come very handy in Tibet War. Indian Army should train for guerilla war operations with Vietnam War veterans in Vietnam and Cambodia. Indian military operations in African jungle warfare would come handy in mountain warfare in Tibet.

Buddhist Tibetan Army

TRAIN TIBET MOUNTAIN WAR FORCE: The Tibet War is the war of Tibetans, fought by brave Tibet origin Buddhists. India should train an army of 100,000 Buddhist Tibet Mountain Army to fight Chinese Army in Tibet. Indian regular troops would provide support and services, the actual fighting done by Tibet people. The Tibet War is the war of liberation of Tibet people, fought by brave Tibet Militia, to drive Han settlers out of Tibet.


Mobilizing Overseas Chinese

INDIA PROMOTING BUDDHIST INTERESTS: Overseas Chinese community in Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines, and America would finance Buddhist revolutionary war in China. Buddhism shall be the key-factor in Tibet War. Buddhist Falun Gong has a membership of 100 million in China. India should develop military ties with Taiwan, and Singapore. India should develop close military ties with Buddhists in Hong Kong and Macao. India should arm Buddhist revolutionaries in Yunnan. Kunming in Yunnan Province will organize Buddhists in China. Chairman Mao organized the mountainside of China to launch the major offensive on Chiang kai sheik troops. Buddhist revolution would begin in the mountainous provinces of Tibet, Qinghai, Sinkiang, and South China provinces of Guanxi, and Yunnan. Private people do not own guns in China. India should simply flood Tibet, Qinghai, Sinkiang, Yunnan, and Guangxi with guns and drugs. The Tibet War would be a Chinese war, India simply provide military support and military training to Buddhist revolutionaries. Taiwan and overseas Chinese communities would fund around $10 billion to finance the overthrow of Communist regime in China.


Mobilize Buddhist Missionaries

COMPULSORY BUDDHIST EDUCATION: The Tibet war is a religious war seeking the overthrow of demoniac Communist ideology. India need to recruit and train 10 million full-time Buddhist monks to promote Buddhism among Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Thai, Burmese, Laotian, Cambodian, Vietnamese, Malaysian and Indian peoples. India need to print 100 million copies of Buddhist scriptures in Mandarin, Korean, Japanese, Bhasa Indonesia, Thai, and other languages. India would build Buddhist temples in China, Korea, Japan, Cambodia and India. India should convert 100 million Hindus into Mahayana Buddhism.


Buddhist Television

BUDDHIST EDUCATIONAL CHANNELS: The Tibet war is a war of religions and religious propagation is the proper instrument of religious war. Buddhist Television will propagate Buddhism in Mandarin and other dialects to Chinese people.


Disrupt Global Drug Trade

OCCUPY NORTH BURMA: India should occupy to disrupt Golden Crescent Drug trade. Communist China earns more than $70 billion by monopolizing Drug trade in Asia. Afghanistan and Burma control 95 percent of global Opium and Heroin production. China and its ally Pakistan control global Opium and Heroin trade. India should occupy North Burma and Afghanistan to disrupt the global Opium and Heroin trade, to damage financial viability of Communist China and Islamic Afghanistan and Pakistan.


Nuclear Deterrent

INDIAN NUCLEAR WEAPONS: Development and deployment of nuclear weapons would deter Chinese nuclear adventuresome in case of military victory of Buddhist revolutionaries in Tibet. The primary purpose of Indian nuclear doctrine is to deter Chinese preemptive nuclear strikes against India, in case of decisive Chinese defeat in Tibet War.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights





(0)(1056) Chapter 36 CTBT is Dead


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


(i) US Senate Kills CTBT

COMPREHENSIVE TEST BAN TREATY: The CTBT signed in New York on Sept. 24, 1996, has been signed by more than 150 countries. But for the CTBT Treaty to go into effect, 44 nations that are believed to have some ability to build, as least a crude bomb must both sign and ratify it. So far, only 24 have ratified than ban, while some nations-including India, Pakistan and North Korea- have yet to sign. France and Britain and both signed and ratified the CTBT Treaty.


HOFSBURG PALACE CONFERENCE: The meeting was organized by the United Nations under a provision of the CTBT Treaty that if it had not received the necessary 44 ratification’s three years after it was signed, an international conference facilitating its entry into force would be held. Delegates gathered at the ornate Hofburg Palace, Vienna, gathered on Oct 7 1999, said if the Treaty failed to clear Washington, it would most likely fail to win enough support among other nuclear nations to go into force. Speakers at a conference convened to press for the ratification of the CTBT nuclear test-ban treaty suggested that the ban might founder among other holdouts, including Russia and china, if it was not approved by the United States Senate. If the largest power (USA) were out of CTBT, it would be all over; the CTBT Treaty is dead. If the United States fails to ratify the treaty, the stream will leak out of the effort.


NUCLEAR DETECTION SYSTEM: The CTBT envisioned most-sophisticated nuclear-test detection system would have 321 points gathering seismic, infrasonic, hydroaccoustic and radionuclide data. The preliminary model is so good the recent test of 0.1 kiloton was set of in Kazakhstan and picked up in nine stations around the world.


Nuclear Labs Oppose CTBT

US NUCLEAR LABS OPPOSE CTBT: The scientists in charge of maintaining the safety and reliability of America’s nuclear arsenal oppose CTBT. They say that they might not be able to their job without nuclear tests outlawed under a test ban treaty. The Directors of America’s three nuclear weapons laboratories testified that America’s nuclear stockpile is safe and reliable now. However, the future is less sure because of budget uncertainties, aging weapons, and shortages of trained experts. And science-based substitute of actual nuclear tests that will not be ready for at least 5 to 10 years. Whether on balance the effect of a test ban to retard proliferation and further development of nuclear weapons is worth a similar penalty on the United States nuclear arsenal is the real crux of dilemma. Under a condition attached to the CTBT treaty, the nuclear weapons’ laboratories directors’ failure to certify the nuclear stockpile would be grounds for the United States to withdraw from the pact.


Stockpile Stewardship Program

STOCKPILE STEWARDSHIP PROGRAM: Since the United States suspended underground nuclear tests in 1992, it has relied on the weapons laboratories using sophisticated computer models and non-nuclear explosives tests to certify annually that the nuclear stockpile is safe and reliable. The US Congress (House) this year cut $600 million from $4.5 billion request for the scientific testing regime, called the Stockpile Stewardship program. Senators prevailed to restore almost all the funding. John C. Browne, director of Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico said, he was confident in the American stockpile. The issue is whether we will have the people, the capabilities, and the national commitment to maintain this confidence in the future when we expect to see more significant changes in the nuclear weapons. C. Bruce Tarter, director of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California, said before long American nuclear-test veterans will be gone. His overall assessment of the Stewardship Program is that it is an excellent bet, but it is not a sure thing. Senate Republicans fear that the CTBT treaty would permanently bind America’s ability to test and modernize its nuclear weapons. If the United States scrupulously restricts itself to zero-yield while other nations may conduct experiments up to the threshold of international delectability, then America will be at an intolerable disadvantage.


Test Ban Impairs Nuclear Safety

TEST BAN MAY IMPAIR NUCLEAR ARMS SAFETY: As far as safety and reliability without testing, at this time America does not have the ability to make sure that nuclear weapon stockpile is safe without the physical testing of weapons. American people do not want to have nuclear arms that are not tested and that are not safe. The C.I.A. said that it could not guarantee that it could detect low-level testing in Russia. Many of these nine weapons, which we intend to, keep in our stockpile for the indefinite future are dangerously unsafe. We can make these weapons much safer if limited testing allowed to be conducted. Limited testing should be allowed to make the weapons America retains,


CTBT is Unilateral Disarmament

CTBT IS UNILATERAL DISARMAMENT: The CTBT is nothing short of unilateral disarmament. The CTBT would undermine the nuclear deterrent. The CTBT is fatally flawed. The Senate rejection of CTBT would be the first defeat of a major international arms treaty in US Senate in more than 70 years.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights




(0)(1056) Ch. 36 (ii) Post-CTBT Nuclear Order


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


NEW AGE OF POST-DEAD-CTBT WORLD: The death of CTBT treaty would be a watershed event and drastically change the nuclear environment of the world. Germany and France would be first to take advantage of the death of CTBT to develop nuclear weapons arsenal Nuclear Japan would be a mortal threat to United States. Most likely, the first thermonuclear device to land on a major American metropolitan city would be made in Japan. United States must openly apologize to Japanese people for the nuclear attack on Nagasaki and Hiroshima. President Truman should be posthumously tried as a war criminal for ordering the nuclear attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, without any dire military necessity. Nuclear weapons power Germany would lead United Europe to keep United States out of Europe. The death of CTBT would give birth to two mortal enemies of the United States, nuclear Japan and nuclear Germany. Perhaps Cuba would also develop nuclear weapons with the help of North Korea. Nuclear Cuba, Nuclear Japan, and Nuclear Germany would be great enemies of United States. The death of CTBT would give rise to Nuclear Canada, or Nuclear Quebec, if Quebec becomes independent. Nuclear Canada would seriously erode the United States domination of North America. United States could go to war against Nuclear Quebec and Nuclear France to maintain its colonial domination of Canada. India should welcome the demise of CTBT, as it would give birth to nuclear Japan, Nuclear Germany, Nuclear Canada, and nuclear Quebec, who would successfully restrain the United States.


SALT's Obsolete A-bombs

SALT WAS RESULT OF OBSOLETE WEAPONS: United States and the Soviet Union (now Russia) entered into Strategic Arms Limitations Talks (SALT) to replace the aging and obsolete dinosaur nuclear weapons. The underlying purpose of the SALT talks was to gain propaganda value out of the scrapping of the out-of-date monster nuclear weapons that had outlived their military usefulness.


Doctrine of Denuking Wars

CLINTON DOCTRINE OF DENUKING WARS: After CTBT is dead and buried the United States would expand the Clinton’s Doctrine of War for protection of Human Rights to include Counter-Proliferation Wars.

CTBT & War Crime Tribunal

CTBT SIMILAR TO WAR CRIME TRIBUNAL: The CTBT is dead, long live the Counter-Proliferation. The United States sabotaged the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, just as it sabotaged the Permanent War Crime Tribunal. United States did not want to subject United States to the jurisdiction of the War Crime Tribunal. However, United States stage-managed the War Crime Tribunals to indict Serb politicians, while overlooking the war crimes of the NATO Allies. United States will go to war to impose CTBT objectives on recalcitrant nations.


American will use A-bombs

AMERICA WILL USE NUCLEAR WEAPONS: America did not use nuclear weapons during Cold War due to the fear of Soviet response. The current American nuclear strategic doctrine advocates the use of nuclear weapons even against non-nuclear nations in a conventional war. United States would be forced to use tactical nuclear weapons against major land powers, as it realizes that US Army can not fight against a major land power. United States would lose major war against any major land powers in conventional warfare. American military leaders openly recognize that US Army can not fight any major land war. Obviously, only by resorting to nuclear response, would America avoid the ignominy of Vietnam-type major defeat, in future land wars.


Return of Age of Colonialism

RETURN OF THE AGE OF COLONIALISM: The twenty-first Century would be similar to the nineteenth Century. The next century would witness the rebirth of Colonial Empires. More than 100 sovereign states would lose their independence in the next Century. Many smaller nations, having population less than 30 million would be gobbled by their more powerful neighbors. United States would frequently use nuclear weapons to carve out an American Colonial Empire, to recreate its experience in the Philippines, Diego Garcia, Guam, and Puerto Rico. India, China, Pakistan would all create their Colonial Empires. China would occupy Siberia, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Zealand and Australia. Nuclear Pakistan and Persia would occupy Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Bahrain, UAE and Oman.


RETURN OF THE AGE OF COLONIAL EMPIRES: The Twenty-first Century would be similar to Nineteenth Century. The history is turning backward in cycle and the next Century would witness the return of the Colonial Empires. United Europe seeks to Reparation Africa before 2010 AD. United States massacred Red Indians from 1850 to 1900 AD to realize its expansion towards West Coast. United States seeks to develop American Empire in twenty-first Century. The de-Colonization of 1960s, 70s took place because the European colonial powers refused to hand over to the United States part of their colonial possessions. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill refused to hand over to United States, half of the Commonwealth. United States fought in the Vietnam War not to promote national interests, but to promote religious interests of Christianity.


Counter Proliferation

INDIA FAVORS COUNTER-PROLIFERATION: India should join forces with United States to denuke potential Islamic nuclear powers other than Pakistan, in exchange for United States’ support for the re-unification of the Indian Subcontinent. India would welcome Japan, Germany, Canada, Quebec, and Taiwan as new nuclear weapons powers. India would sign nuclear pacts with Israel, Japan and Taiwan.


Reject Clinton Doctrine

INDIA REJECTS CLINTON’S DOCTRINE: Nuclear India rejects Clinton’s Doctrine for NATO interventions for protecting Catholic Human rights. United States should award sovereign statehoods to Native Americans. The lands of North America, South America and Australia belong to indigenous peoples. There were 90 million indigenous people in North America and South America, more than the combined population of Western Christendom and Eastern Christianity at the time of the arrival of Christopher Columbus. The twenty-first Century is the age of the Native Americans, Amerindians, Incas, Mayas, Apaches, Aborigines, and Eskimos. Nuclear India supports the right of the indigenous peoples of North & South Americas, Australia, and Tribal Africa. Injustices of the past will be rectified in the twenty-first Century. New historical Age shall begin on 2012 AD according to Maya Calendar. It heralds the end of Hindus Kali Yuga and the beginning of Sat Yuga.


Kosovo War Justified Indian Atom Bomb

NATO INVASION OF KOSOVO JUSTIFIED INDIAN NUCLEAR WEAPONS: India exercised the right to develop nuclear weapons to protect against NATO invasions. The NATO bombardment of civilian, non-military, industrial, power, and communications infrastructure heralds a new era in warfare, that justifies the burning to ground metropolises by hostile invaders.


Nuclear War on Australia

NUCLEAR WAR FOR AUSTRALIA: Super Power China is determined to occupy Australia and New Zealand before 2010 AD. Chinese tactical nuclear weapons arsenal, and the Precision guided Munitions, allows China to sink American Carrier Battle Group Fleet, denying United States Navy from blockading China. Chinese coastal vessels would coast the territorial waters of Indonesia to launch a major Amphibious landing in Australia. Chinese agents have compromised US Campaign funds to weaken American resolve. The question is, should India support or oppose Chinese invasions of Australia and New Zealand. White Communist sympathizers have contributed towards transfers of nuclear secrets than the Yellow Buddhists and Christians from Taiwan. President Nixon rightly commented in the recently released tapes of February through July 1971 conversations. Communists stole British nuclear secrets and transferred to Soviet Union and China. The real Chinese moles would be found among White Communists not among Yellow Buddhists and Christians. We must not forget that Communist China is anti-Buddhist and anti-Christian. Perhaps United States requires a new Anti-Left purging to weed out sleeping Communists masquerading as Capitalists. White American Communists could have transferred American nuclear weapons secrets to Communist China, perhaps to empower Communists to implement the hidden iconoclast genocidal agenda of Prophet Karl Marx. Transfer of most sophisticated American nuclear warhead designs to Communist China, disturbs China-India military balance, and encourages Communist China to embark upon its Anti-Right Campaign to eliminate Buddhists from China.


Depopulation Neutron Warfare

DEPOPULATION WARS IN NEUTRON AGE: President Nixon and Henry Kissinger threatened the use of nuclear weapons against India, during 1971 India-Pakistan war, had India continued the War in Kashmir after the surrender of Pakistani troops in Dhaka. The fear of Soviet nuclear retaliation deterred the United States from using tactical nuclear weapons during Cold War. United States is likely to use tactical neutron weapons during twenty-first Century, because it realizes that US Army can not win any major conventional land wars. The development of Precision Guided Munitions would end the military role of American Carrier Battle Groups. The downing of Stealth Aircraft by Serb anti-aircraft guns has ended the age of Super-Expensive Bombers. United States would make frequent use of tactical nuclear weapons, to protect its Super Power status. Responsible nuclear weapons powers should join forces to check irresponsible use of tactical nuclear weapons by United States. United States is the greatest threat to the nuclear peace of the world. Nuclear India and Nuclear France should promote a global nuclear alliance to check the irresponsible use of nuclear bombs by Super Powers during their decline. President Clinton Bombed Kosovo to divert media attention away from Chinese nuclear espionage scandal. Recent biography of President Reagan explains that the brain-damaged, airhead Reagan, suffering from Alzheimer, controlled US Nuclear Button from 1981 to 1988. Perhaps Canada, Quebec, Japan, and Germany should also deploy Nuclear weapons to check any irresponsible use of tactical nuclear weapons by United States. World Power in decline is the greatest threat to human civilization. Roman Emperor Theodosius issued Royal Proclamation to ban ancient religious practices of Goddess Isis, God Zeus, God Jupiter, God Apollo and God Mithra, even when more than 90 percent population of Europe worshipped them. Roman Emperor Theodosius imposed Christianity over predominantly Hindu populations of Europe, North Africa, and Arabia. Emperor Theodosius died in 395 AD, and Barbarian German Visigoths ravaged Rome in 410 AD. West European barbarians could conquer civilized Roman Empire, simply because Roman Emperor Theodosius used the power of Roman Sword to impose Christianity over predominantly Hindu populations of Europe, Africa and Arabia. Unless America changes its foreign policy, the history would record the Presidency of Bill Clinton and his proclamation of Clinton’s Doctrine for NATO intervention for Human Rights in similar terms. Clinton’s Doctrine of NATO interventions for Human Rights could result in the destruction of the Western Christendom in the next Century, in Multi-Nuclear, Neutron Age.


India-Israel-Taiwan Nuclear Pact

INDIA-ISRAEL-TAIWAN MISSILE DEFENSE: Only India can provide nuclear umbrella over Israel and Taiwan. Hindu Nuclear India would develop civilizational military ties with Jews Israel to protect Israel from preemptive Islamic nuclear strikes. Hindu India would develop civilizational ties with Buddhist Taiwan to protect Taiwan from Chinese invasions. United States would dump Israel and Taiwan in future, just as it dumped Shah of Iran, the staunchest military ally of the United States in the Cold War era. India would also defend Japan against Chinese and North Korean invasions. India could also protect Australia against Chinese invasions. India would protect Russia against Chinese invasions of Siberia. India can also protect Saudi Arabia and Kuwait against Pakistani and Iranian invasions.

Nuclear Aggressor Doctrine

DEPOPULATION OF NUCLEAR AGGRESSOR DOCTRINE: This book develops the new doctrine of Depopulation of Nuclear aggressor. The DNA Doctrine argues that the Mutual Assured Destruction Doctrine (MAD) fails to deter the preemptive nuclear strike of Islamic terrorists and Islamic fundamentalists. Indian doctrine should declare that in case of any preemptive nuclear strike from any Muslim nation, India would use tactical Neutron Bombs to depopulate more than 100 million Muslims, from the Islamic world, and occupy their lands to resettle Indians, displaced by radioactive contamination. This policy would punish Islamic civilization as a group, and deter Pakistani nuclear strikes against India. India can not use nuclear weapons against Karachi and Lahore, as it would contaminate South Asian River systems. India would occupy Islamic lands to resettle Indians, in retaliation of any future Islamic nuclear attack on India.


Deterring American Nuclear Strikes

DETERRING AMERICAN NUCLEAR ATTACK: In case of American nuclear strikes against India, India would use neutron bombs to depopulate Australia and New Zealand, the members of the Western Christendom, but would not use nuclear weapons against United States and Western Europe. India would never threaten any city in North America and Western Europe with nuclear retaliation, even after a preemptive nuclear strike launched by United States, Britain, or France. This policy of compassion spares the populations of North America and Western Europe, but would be credible retaliation as it could result in the loss of 20 million lives in Australia and New Zealand, who are ethnic kinsmen of United States and Britain. This policy would rule out Indian complicity, in case United States, Britain, and France suffer any surprise nuclear attack. India would be willing to work with United States and NATO in support of Counter Proliferation policies to denuke the Islamic Bomb. Unless checked, the Islamic nuclear bombs would cause the loss of 100 million Christian lives before 2050 AD. Without Hindu nuclear umbrella, Israel is not likely to survive Islamic nuclear attack. Without Hindu nuclear umbrella Japan is not likely to survive Chinese invasions. Without direct Indian military intervention in Tibet and Siberia, Russia is not likely to survive Chinese invasions of Eastern Siberia.


Nuclear Serbia

THREAT OF NUCLEAR SERBIA: United States and NATO should pay Serbia $40 billion to rebuild Yugoslavia after the NATO’s infrastructure war on Serb communications, power plants, industries, and civilian targets. It would not be difficult for Serbia to buy clandestine nuclear materials from European crime gangs, or to build few thermonuclear devices and launch them against Rome and Vatican to launch the looming War of Religions. Catholic nations, especially Germany promoted civil riots in United Yugoslavia to precipitate the secession of Catholic Slovenia and Catholic Croatia. Muslims and Orthodox Christians did not disintegrate Yugoslavia. Catholics are responsible for all deaths and destruction in Yugoslavia. United Yugoslavia was bigger than and more powerful than Catholic Italy. Serb belongs to Slav race, the dominant race of Russia, just as Anglo-Saxons are the dominant race in United States, Canada and Britain. Western Christendom would disappear in a general nuclear war between Western Christendom and Eastern Christianity. Nuclear India supports the re-unification of Yugoslavia. The CIA successfully bribed Sonia Gandhi and Jaya Lalitha to topple the government of Atal Behari Vajapayee, immediately after the outbreak of NATO invasions of Kosovo, fearing India might send 100,000 troops to defend Serbia against NATO invasions. Nuclear India would not be a silent bystander in any future act of aggression by NATO. Indian nuclear doctrine should declare that in case of any future NATO invasions of South Asia, India would use neutron bombs against metropolitan targets in Western Christendom.


MILITARY CONTROLS PAKISTANI NUKES: In India to its great credit, the nuclear development is a matter directly under the control of the Prime Minister and is not under the control of the military. Not so Pakistan, the Pakistan Atom bomb is in the armaments of the Pakistan military. Pakistan is not a stable country. Pakistan is an impoverished country, and that country will be selling nuclear weapons, and they will be selling them to the Middle East. A Saudi prince was recently shown nuclear facilities. America will have to accept the migration of the nuclear technology to anti-Zionist Middle East. It is ineluctable, unless America ratifies CTBT.  The spread of nuclear technology would be ineluctable, if Senates vote down the test-ban treaty, CTBT. United States Senate voted no to the Treaty of Versailles, and it led to the Second World War.


America Wielding Power Alone

AMERICA WIELDING POWER ALONE: The Test ban treaty was only the latest of a number of divisive issues in the capital that share a common subtext: an argument not over whether the United States is strong, but over how it should use its power. Should United States strut the global beach alone, or leverage that power by accepting restraints on its freedom to act. The instinct in evidence on the Senate floor debate on CTBT was less about isolationism than about unilateralism- preserving America's ability to use its power unchallenged. In case of test ban treaty, that means retaining an ability to go back to traditional deterrence, constantly improving America's nuclear arsenal and forcing a resurgent Russia or ambitious China to fear a financially ruinous race. The Soviet Union went that route and bankrupted itself along the way. There is a very strong unilateralist impulse manifesting itself. That's very different. It is not opposed to foreign entanglements, it just send a message, 'Don't tie America's hands.' Mr. Clinton himself, who has been episodic in focusing on foreign policy, preaches cooperation one day and acts unilaterally the next. This has eroded the vital center of bipartisanship on national security matters.    


Nuclear Japan

JAPAN COULD DEVELOP ATOM BOMBS: Japan's Deputy Vice Minister of Defense, Shingo Nishimura proposed that Japan abandon one of its most hallowed principles: its longtime renunciation of nuclear weapons. Since other countries considered Japan a target, Parliament should consider the possibility that Japan woul dbe better off if it armed itself with nuclear weapons. Nuclear weapons equal deterrence. If there were no punishments for rape, we would all be rapists. We do not become rapists because there is the deterrent of punishment. Japan is the only country to have been attacked with nuclear weapons, and has made bananing them a cornerstone of its foreign policy. Japan under the 1945 Constitution, imposed by Washington afer World War II, Japan has forsworn war as a sovereign right of the people. Japanese dismiss the idea that either long-standing policy or the Constitution would bar nuclear armament. Japanese people do not think that government principles are written in stone. It is bound to trigger a long-planned parliamentary debate on a revision of Japan's military policies. Public and political support for a more assertive defense stance has grown sharply in the last two years in response to a missile test by North Korea that violated Japanese airspace. Japan is said to abandoning its troubled H-2 rocket project, after a series of costly failures, including the loss of an H-2 rocket that plunged into the pacific Ocean shortly after takeoff in November 99. Japan has invested $4.14 billion in Rocket program since 1986.


Nuclear Missile Capability of South Korea

South Korea is happy that North Korea has the nuclear weapons and missile technology. South Korea is embarking upon an ambitious rocket program that dream to launch Satellites by 2005. South Korea plans to develop a rocket capable of ferrying satellites into orbit within next five years at a cost that space agency estimate at $500 million to $ 1 Billion. United States fear that the South Korea might export the Rocket to countries, who may use it for military applications. South Korean President Kim Dae Jung said that South Korea would build a working satellite-launching facility by the year 2005, constructed with Korean technology and equipment. The technology that South Korea wants to develop to launch satellites could also be used to make long-range ballistic missiles. Without the proper checks and balances, other countries would view the South Korean space project as having military applications, and an arms race might begin in northeast Asia. Japan is concerned that South Korea might use nuclear weapons to avenge for the Japanese occupation of Korea during world wars. Under a 1979 accord with the United States, South Korea agreed to limit the range of its missiles to about 100 miles and promised to abide by treaty rules restricting the spread of nuclear weapons. Although the United States recently agreed to increase the missile range limits for South Korea to up to 180 miles, South Korean officials want the United States to raise the missile range to 300 miles.


Choi Dong-Whan, president of the Korean Aerospace Research Institute, the government space agency said, Korea's space-launching rocket program would be economically viable. Korea Space agency plans to develop a leaky fuel propellant system that is not useful for intercontinental ballistic missiles, which typically employ a solid propellant. The South Korean rocket expected to operate at an altitude between 375 miles and 437 miles and initially would carry small satellites used for mapping, coastline surveillance and weather forecasting. South Korea needs to place at least 19 new satellites in orbit by the year 2025. It its rocket is cost-efficient, South Korea could also use the technology to compete in the lucrative commercial satellite launching business. The highly competitive satellite launching industry currently dominated by three major players: The Boeing Company's Delta Rockets, Lockheed martin's Atlas Rockets, European consortium Ariane-space's Ariane Rockets. Russia, China and India have small portion of the market.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights





(0)(1056) 36 (iii) America Seeks to Modify 1972 ABM Treaty


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


AMERICAN PROPOSAL: America asks Russia to alter 1972 Antiballistic Missile Treaty, which prohibits the nationwide defense. Americans are seeking to reassure the Russians that the proposed missile defense is not aimed at them. The 1972 ABM Treaty has been viewed for more than 25 years as the bedrock of arms control. Americans are pressing for changes to lay the groundwork for a defense against potential missile attack from North Korea and other nations. But the Russian officials insist that Washington has vastly exaggerated the missile threat arising from undeclared or potential nuclear powers, and weakening the ABM Treaty would be a reckless move. What happened to the CTBT was a disaster. If it happens to the ABM Treaty, it will be a quadruple disaster. United States exaggerated North Korea's capacity to develop long-range missiles, while minimizing the forms of political and military leverage Washington has over North Korea.


Missile Plan by 2005

2005 AD FIRST PHASE OF THE MISSILE PLAN: As a part of an effort to defend against potential missile attacks from North Korea, the United States is proposing to construct a new antimissile systems in the United States and to help complete a large missile-tracking radar in Siberia at Mishelevka. Upgrades are also planned to some of the current American early-warning systems. The Phase 1 of the US missile defense system, to be completed by 2005. It would include new battle management radar and deployment of u p to 100 antimissile interceptors in Alaska. The upgrades of the current early-warning systems currently in place in California, Cape Cod, Britain and Greenland would be undertaken. The system would be able to stop a limited attack involving relatively unsophisticated missiles.


2010 AD PHASE 2 OF MISSILE DEFENSE: The Phase 2 to be completed by 2010 would include the new battle management radar and deployment of up to 100 antimissile interceptors in North Dakota.


AMERICAN OFFER RUSSIAN UPGRADES: United States has proposed to help Russia complete new missile tracking Radar in Mishelevka Siberia 60 miles northwest of Irkutsk. It would be oriented towards to the southeast. The Radar covers North Korea among otherAsian nations. Amricans also offered to upgrade the Russian operated Radar at Lyaki in Azerbaijan. The Lyaki Radar oriented toward the south, covers Iran and other Middle Eastern nations. Undr the American plan, the Lyaki station might be jointly manned with the Russians.


SHARING THE RADAR DATA: American proposal includes joint computer simulations of antimissile systems and collaboration in deploying satellite systems. Russians would visit American early warning radar stations and perhaps access to their data, including that from the new radar to be built in Alaska.


QUALITY OF DEFENSE: This level of defense would enable the United States to protect itself against a limited missile attack that several tens of missiles with more sophisticated warheads and decoys. But the defense could easily be swamped by Russia's vast arsenal, thus preserving strategic equilibrium between Washington and Moscow.


THREAT OF AMERICA: The costly new Radar and command control system the United states might erect in the next century will become the building blocks of a more comprehensive antimissile defense. America would make a formal decision to proceed with its antimissile program in summer of 2000.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights




(0)(1056) 36 (iv) India Should Never Sign CTBT


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


India Needs More Nuclear Tests

After India exploded underground nuclear device in 1974, the CIA spread its network in India to organize public opinion that India should not develop nuclear weapons, even if Pakistan deploys nuclear weapons. While United States and China supplied nuclear weapons technology and components to China, it restrained India, allowing Pakistan to bridge nuclear gap with India. After India resumed its nuclear testing in 1998, the CIA began spreading its network to scuttle India's nuclear arsenal. United States has transferred to China, albeit White House has allowed China to steal almost the entire nuclear weapons designs, production, and miniaturization expertise in exchange for US-China strategic alliance that resulted in the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Without hundreds of more nuclear weapons tests, India can not hope to match the quantum leap China has attained in nuclear weapons technology by the illicit transfer of nuclear weapon designs, missile technology and other military know-how. India needs more nuclear weapons tests in actual weapons deployment mode, to develop reliable Anti-Ballistic- Missile Defense. India needs more nuclear tests to develop reliable space-based weapons systems. India aims to be the Super Power, equal in power and influence to United States. China has acquired nuclear parity with United States by securing the entire nuclear weapons secrets from nuclear weapons programs Los Alamos, thanks to the brilliance of Spy Wen Ho Lee, who was give open access to every classified nuclear weapons secrets, perhaps due to some high-level strategic understanding arrived at between Secretary Kissinger and Mao Ze Dong. It is foolish to believe that a yellow man would be given open access to virtually every known American nuclear weapons secret without the direct nod from the White House, Secretary of Energy and Secretary of State. Nobody can accuse that either fools or traitors could lead the United States. It is very logical that Mao Ze Dong secured the right to gain direct access to every known US nuclear weapons secret during its negotiations with Secretary Henry Kissinger, after the disastrous defeat of the United States in the Vietnam War. It should be noted that white spies with communistic beliefs transferred American and British nuclear weapons secrets to the Soviet Union. It is very likely that anti-Vietnam War white spies might have conspired to transfer US nuclear secrets to China after the Vietnam War. Unless United States transfers to India the nuclear weapons secret that China stole from Los Alamos Laboratories, India should refuse to sign CTBT. India needs many more nuclear weapons tests, to catch up with China, which means that India needs to catch up with United States in nuclear weapon know-how, as China has secured virtually every known American nuclear weapons designs, including that of W-88 warhead, neutron bombs, miniaturized Trident warheads. Unless Indian nuclear know-how matches that of China and United States, India should refuse to sign Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), and Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT).      


Pro-US Indian Support Signing CTBT

It appears that CIA has remunerated Indian opinion makers to induce India sign the CTBT. It is amusing that professor Kanti Bajpai of School of International Studies at Jawaharlal Nehru University feels that India should sign the CTBT without precondition because it is not dignified for a country like India to attach conditions for signing a global treaty. One may surmise that he got some foreign lucrative assignments for giving a blanket support to the US point of view. It is stupid that some supporters of CTBT are hiding behind the statements of Indian scientists that there is no need for more testing and that further development of nuclear weapons could be done through computer simulation. Even the directors at nuclear weapons labs in United States deposed in Senate hearings that even United States does not have technology, which could conclusively test whether a particular nuclear weapons would positively perform as designed, without the actual testing. It is stupid to argue that Indian nuclear scientists have acquired the computer simulation technology that even United States does not currently possess. The comment of Dr. K. Subramanyam, a member of the national Security Advisory Board, is more sensible. He says that before signing the CTBT, the draft of a joint declaration between India and the U.S. should be negotiated, which will commit the United States to lifting all these sanctions imposed on India since 1974. Besides, it should work towards admitting India into various multilateral nuclear and missiles arms control arrangements. Dr. Brahma Chellaney of the Center for Policy Research, is right in finding fault with India's increasingly ambivalent attitude to the present nuclear order, which gives the five nuclear powers an exclusive legal to wield nuclear arms. In its desire to join this discriminatory order, India has engaged in several acts of compliance after a single act of defiance in May 1998. This ambivalent policy isolated India from world strategic relations, with traditional five nuclear powers unwilling to accept it as a nuclear weapons state even by implications. On the other hand, the non-nuclear nations treating India with growing suspicion.


John Holum's Counter Proliferation Tactics

US President Bill Clinton's top adviser on counter-proliferation John Holum has outlined a two-step plan to strip India of its nuclear weapons and its ability to make them. He opposed any recognition to New Delhi as a nuclear power under the NPT. In the first stage, Clinton will try to persuade India, before and during his visit to India, to sign CTBT. It would allow New Delhi to retain nuclear deterrent, nuclear missiles and weapons ready to fire but taking away its right to test new nuclear weapons. The second step would be to pressure India to join NPT as a non-nuclear weapon power. The same would apply to Pakistan. United States, Japan, China and Australia are involved in this effort to press that ratification and joining the CTBT is in their interests, because it helps avoid any further escalation of potentially dangerous arms race in the subcontinent.


Opposes India as nuclear powers in NPT

United States opposes the suggestion that India and Pakistan accommodated in the NPT as nuclear powers, saying it is not possible under the NPT. United States does not support it either. There is a nuclear reality on the ground in India and Pakistan. However, United States is not prepared to accept the ground reality. United States does not think the members of the NPT would accept the idea that the nuclear reality on the Subcontinent should be formalized, recognized and accepted in the NPT. The NPT began from the preposition that there were five nuclear weapon states, which undertook to negotiate ultimately toward nuclear disarmament. NPT does not accept that there should be additional nuclear weapon states. The problem of proliferation should not get any worse.


Nuclear India Equal to China

United States transferred nuclear weapons technology to Pakistan to check India's nuclear ambitions. If United States treats India and Pakistan on equal footing even when Pakistan joined the nuclear club in 1998, while India had joined it in 1974, full 24 years earlier. Equalization of nuclear Pakistan with India would imply that nuclear India has parity with nuclear China. India should aim at parity with nuclear United States. The CIA bribed Indian politicians specially Morarji Desai to scuttle India's nuclear weapons program. It is a fact that Indian Prime Minister Morarji Desai was a CIA spy and he adopted no nuclear weapons policy, which declared that India would not develop nuclear weapons, even when Pakistan develops nuclear weapons. This policy was the exact CIA policy, recently declassified. The CIA spies among Indian policy makers are conspiring that India should sign CTBT and NPT. India should openly declare that it would never sign CTBT and NPT. India need to undertakes tens of further tests to test Indian Star War Missile Defense Shield.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights




(0)(1057) Chapter 37 Revamping Infantry Army in the Age of PGMs


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


(i) Rapid Response Infantry Brigades

Demise of Abrams Tanks

US ARMY RESTURCTURING: It was a first step that could ultimately be the most significant restructuring of the American Army’s combat divisions since the Vietnam War. It would transform the nature of Infantry all over the world. The US Army announced on October 12, 1999 that it would create two new lighter, more mobile brigades able to deploy anywhere in the world within four days or 96 hours. With the US Army being called on to send troops across the globe, all Army divisions would have to become more mobile, able to travel abroad cargo aircraft like the C-17, which carry only one tank at a time. The goal of the US Army will be to deploy a full division with 15,000 soldiers within five days or 120 hours. That is quite a stretch from the current capability of the United States.


SLOW ARMY RESPONSE TO POST-COLD WAR CRISES: The United States Army had moved slowly to adjust to the post-Cold War crises, which were likely to confront the United States. The US Generals outlined major transformation of the US Army over the next decade, beginning with new Brigades for Rapid Response. The US Army would reduce the large support units that accompany combat brigades when they deploy. The US Army would reconsider the weapons systems it buys, paying greater attention to those that are lighter but still lethal.


Wheeled Vehicles Replacing Tanks

HEAVY WEAPONS ARE OBSOLETE: With advances in technology and tactics, the heavy weapons now at the heart of the Army’s structure, like the 70-tons Abrams M1-A1 tank, could become obsolete, said General Shinseki, the US Army Chief of Staff. (NYT, 10/13/1999) Wheeled vehicles that could be moved overseas in greater numbers more quickly would replace 70-ton ABRAMS M1-A1.  Today’s announcement was a significant reversal for the US Army, which only last year considered but then rejected changes in the structure of its forces. The issue revived this year after the NATO air war against Yugoslavia, when the US Army took more than a month to deploy a squadron of Apache helicopters to Albania. In the changing world in which we live today, United States has to be able to get to the fight faster. Many details of the proposal remain unresolved, including the exact size and shape of the new brigades.


Demise of Heavy Armor

DEMISE OF HEAVY ARMORED DIVISIONS: The US Army’s distinction between Heavy Armored Divisions, and Light Infantry Divisions and Airborne Divisions would soon disappear. If technology provides the answers we think, then what we have traditionally described as light and heavy will begin to merge.  I think you will see the entire transformation will go toward capabilities that give those divisional formations the lethality that the heavy forces have and the agility of the lighter forces, said General Shinseki.


US ARMY STILL COLD WAR ARMY: Of all the armed services, the US Army probably has arguably had the most difficult time transforming itself to reflect the unpredictable world in the post-cold war era. The US Army has moved too slowly to change a force that, although smaller, still looks much as it did when the United States was prepared to slug it out with the Warsaw Pact on the plains of Europe. The US Army now understands the challenges it faces.


LARGE FORCES WITHOUT SUPPORT BASES: The Army of future would have the ability to put large forces into combat in remote areas without the support bases it has relied on in past conflicts. In the Persian Gulf War, the United States had six months to build up a force in Saudi Arabia before driving Iraqi troops out of Kuwait.


Demise of Crusader

DEMISE OF CRUSADER SELF-PROPELLED HOWITZER: To accomplish that the US Army would reconsider the weapons that it has designed for the future, shifting attention to those that are more mobile. One of the US Army’s biggest program the $11.5 billion effort to build a self-propelled howitzer called the Crusader would be dramatically scaled back or cut altogether.


Medium Forces Rapid Response Brigades

MEDIUM FORCES RAPID RESPONSE BRIGADES: The two brigades are designed to be ‘Medium Forces-lighter than the heavy armored vehicles but still operating with armored vehicles, unlike infantry or airborne troops. They expect to have about 3,000 soldiers each. Rather than relying on 70-ton Abrams M1-A1 tank, the Rapid Response Brigades will be equipped with lighter armored vehicles, no more than 20 tons each. The US Army would buy the existing vehicles now available, such as those used by the US Marine Corps.


RESTRUCTURING OF US ARMY: The US Army now has six (6) heavy and four (4) light divisions. The Rapid Response Brigades would serve as a model in the years ahead for restructuring the rest of the US Army’s six heavy armored divisions and four light airborne infantry divisions.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights




(0)(1057) 37 (ii) New Age of Overseas Nuclear Military Bases


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


Overseas IRBMs become ICBMs

OVERSEAS IRBM ACTS LIKE AN ICBMs: If you can not bring the enemy target within you missile range, you can take your missiles nearer to your enemy to bring it under the missile range. The foreign base even inland base becomes the unsinkable nuclear missile carrier in the nuclear missile age. The inland military bases could play the role geopolitical role similar to the role of overseas Island-bases during Maritime Colonial Age. Land-locked military bases also acquire new value in the nuclear missile Age.


WORLDWIDE DEPLOYMENT OF WEAPONS: The United States stored 12,000 nuclear weapons and components in at least 23 countries and 5 American territories during the Cold War, including Morocco, Japan, Iceland, Puerto Rico and Cuba. It highlights America's overriding dependence during cold War on a worldwide network of weapons of mass destructions. America needed the prepositioned Atom Arms at unidentified worldwide locations to evade destructions in the preemptiive srikes. It allowed America to use Bombers for the deployment of weapons.


DEPLOY MISSILES WORLDWIDE: Those nations who can not make number of ICBMs could deploy IRBM in overseas bases. The chain of overseas military bases becomes strategic asset in the nuclear war. If a nation can not afford building vast arsenal of ICBMs, it should deploy shorter-range IRBM and tactical missiles in overseas military bases. The United States stored 12,000 nuclear weapons and components in at least 23 countries and 5 American territories during the cold war-including Morocco, Japan, Iceland, Puerto Rico and Cuba. United States stored 38 types of nuclear weapons systems at American or allied bases abroad. President Bush announced in 1991 that he was withdrawing all tactical nuclear weapons sent abroad. United States did not always inform governments that it was sending nuclear weapons to their territory or at their naval bases or storing them there.


Removable Warheads

REMOVABLE PLUTONIUM WARHEADS: Pentagon made special nuclear weapons in which plutonium or uranium could be removed and stored elsewhere. This was done in order to evade the issue of whether nuclear weapons or materials were stored in countries where there was intense antinuclear fervor. First American nuclear weapons placed abroad were sent not to Britain, but to Morocco, the site of several strategic American bases. United States had stored depth charges, with the nuclear materials removed, at its base in Guantanamor, Cuba   


SENSITIVE NUCLEAR DEPLOYMENT: American nuclear weapons or materials were once deployed in such sensitive places as Japan, Iceland, Taiwan and Greenland. All these nations have forsworn nuclear weapons and publicly vowed not to allow them to store them on their territory. United States, the only country known to have placed nuclear weapons abroad, still keeps such weapons in at least seven places - Belgium, Greenland, Italy, the Netherlands, Germany, Turkey and Britain.  During the height of the cold war in 1970's, the United States had more than 7,000 nuclear weapons in NATO countries and more than 2,000 on land in the pacific region.


Nuclear threat to Bases

NUCLEAR VULNERABILITY OF FOREIGN BASES: United States made the countries a nuclear target by placing nuclear weapons in Japan, Taiwan, Turkey, Belgium, Netherlands, Italy, and Germany. You make a country a target by admitting that you have put nuclear weapons there.


Inland Bases Relevant in Nuclear Age

BASES RELEVANT IN MISSILE AGE: Overseas military bases do not become outdated in the missile age. Shorter-range missiles cost less. The cost of warheads is less than the cost of the Missiles. India should secure military bases worldwide to store medium-range IRBM and short range missiles. India should secure military bases in Europe, Southeast Asia, Africa, and Asia Pacific region. Indian military base in South China Sea would deter Chinese military adventure. Indian military base in Europe would deter NATO interventions in Asia.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights





(0)(1057) 37 (iii) New Revolutionary Weaponry


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


New Age of JDAMS

JOINT DIRECT ATTACK MUNITIONS: The most powerful lesson of the 78-day air campaign in Serbia was the confirmation of the importance of the precision weapons, especially the Joint Direct attack Munitions, bombs that strike a target guided by Global Positioning System satellites. That is the biggest deal. It was known beforehand that JDAMS were great, it was nice to have it confirmed. 

AmericanAir Armada

AMERICAN AIR ARMADA: The burden to fly the bombing missions fell on the United States. The US Air Force with its satellite-guided smart bombs, other precision weapons, sensors and mission-planning computers, flew the vast majority of the roughly 13,000 combat sorties, with France a distant second.


INFERIOR EUROPEAN MILITARY: The West European militaries will not be given the money needed to increase their forces and readiness much and instead will become a B team, acting as ground troops for the American air armada. That imbalance can only be altered if the Europeans produce or buy precision munitions. Several NATO countries said that they would pull out of the coalition if there were any chance of a land invasion.


RUSSIANS MADE MILOSEVIC TO WITHDRAW: Russia's role in isolating Mr. Milosevic was critical in persuading him to withdraw from Kosovo. The other factors, the intensified bombing around Belgrade, the resurgence of the Kosovo Liberation Army, and the threat that NATO might mount a ground invasion, failed to impress Mr. Milosevic to withdraw from Kosovo.


KOSOVO MOST PRECISE AIR CAMPAIGN IN HISTORY: It was the technological and logistic superiority of the United States that ensured victory for the NATO alliance. The US had carried out the most precise air campaign in history and one with the fewest civilian deaths or injuries. Not a single pilot was killed in combat during 78 days of around-the-clock operations. There is a misapprehension that this is the goal of the United States that this is a standard that has been set by the Pentagon.

NATO Weaknesses in Kosovo

WEAKNESS OF THE ALLIED OPERATIONS: The Allied forces were too slow in choosing targets during the Kosovo War. United States seriously underestimated how many precision-guided munitions would be needed. The Kosovo War was fought with too much reliance on American forces. The NATO did not have a military capability to launch the decisive land invasion. The West Europeans did not contribute substantially towards victory. Had India dispatched an army of 100,000 soldiers to defend Serbia, then NATO invasions would have failed. United States-India invasions would have been more effective than US-NATO invasions. Perhaps Pentagon should recommend to scrap US-NATO alliance in favor of US-India alliance. The fundamental lesson of 78-days civilian infrastructure bombing invasions in Kosovo is that neither NATO nor United States would win any future land wars. Milosevic should have invaded Bosnia at the beginning of the air bombing campaigns.


Civilian Infrastructure Warfare

CIVILIAN INFRASTRUCTURE WARFARE: Commandos are the human JDAMS. Commandos are human direct attack munitions aptly called HDAMS. The fundamental lesson for a land power is that do not allow American to fight a war without substantial casualties. Had Serb commandos attacked NATO troops in Bosnia, Croatia on day 2 of the 78-day War, then Serbia would not have incurred $40 civilian damage by Allied Air bombing. Serb commandos could have burnt down with RDX explosives some nuclear power plants, power plants, large industrial complexes, chemical plants in Germany or Italy, in retaliation to NATO's civilian infrastructure war. A group of 100 Serb commandos, with every commando carrying 50-kg RDX explosives that sneak into Mediterranean cities could cause the collateral damage of 10 billion dollars to NATO members. Western European metropolises could be burnt to the ground by RDX carrying commandos in future World Wars. The NATO's civilian infrastructure warfare in Kosovo legitimizes the burning of the metropolises in future wars. In future wars armies would avoid confronting hostile armed forces to concentrate the burning of the cities, power plants, fertilizer plants, chemical plants, bridges, and power lines. The Kosovo War legitimizes the total wars of annihilation of metropolises and civilian industrial infrastructure. In civilian infrastructure warfare, every RDX equipped commando of the rapid deployment force could cause the collateral damage of $100 million. The civilian industrial infrastructure of the Western Europe would be totally destroyed and burnt to ground in the next world war.


Rise of Drone Airplanes

RISE OF DRONE AIRPLANES: Pilotless drone airplanes play very crucial role in the information gathering and for directing the JDAMS. The drone airplanes and GPS satellites allow the precision guided munitions and smart missiles to destroy the enemy targets.


Rise of Tanker Aircraft

TANKER AIRCRAFT: Mid-air refueling of the bombers enhances the range and allows them to carry heavier load of bombs. Tanker aircraft acts like the military base on air. The Tanker aircraft is aircraft carrier in air. The Tanker Aircraft serves the role that the spaceports would do to the spacecraft in future and aircraft carriers do at sea. 


Rise of AWAC

AIRBORNE WARNING & CONTROL AIRCRAFT: AWAC become the war headquarters in the air. The military role of AWAC would increase in the conduct of air wars in future. 


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights




(0)(1057) 37 (iv) Cheap Joint Direct Attack Munitions


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


End of the Age of Laser Guided Cruise Missiles

JDAM is the acronym for Joint Direct attack Munitions, which stunned NATO generals with its accuracy during Operation Allied Force in Kosovo in 1999. Air force Brig. Gen. Leroy Barnidge Jr., who oversaw the use of 650 JDAMs on Serbia, called JDAMs incredible. A $14,000 JDAM kit has transformed vintage, Vietnam War-era bombs into such a lethal and reliable weapon that every Air Force, Navy and Marine fighter-bomber will carry it by next year.  JDAM is a last-minute addition to the 20th Century's pantheon to human destruction. The historical role of JDAMs is right up there with the machine gun and the atomic bomb. It takes 10 minutes to add JDAM technology to the tail section of the on-ton Vietnam-era MK48. JDAM is easy to handle you only need to tighten 12 set screws. Only two of the 650 JDAM launches failed during Kosovo operations, and they were traced to faulty wiring in the plane, not the bomb.


The success of JDAM tied to the new Air Force Global Positioning System. The network of 24 satellites beamed locations so precise that they permitted B-2 Sprint bomber pilots uncommon accuracy in all weather and at night. The JDAM bombs were released up to 15 miles from their targets, and as they fell, the satellite signals were captured by a tiny radio receiver, which in turn updated a small inertial navigation system. An electric motor then moved fins on the tail assembly so the JDAM bomb moves up and down, left or right until it homes in on the precise pre-programmed longitude and latitude. The system resulted in an unprecedented number of "shacks'-direct hits. JDAM is highly maneuverable and it will go miles in any direction. JDAM will hit the targets you can pick out on radar, or it can hit targets you cannot see but you know their exact location.


JDAM was also strapped to BLU-109 bombs, which burrow into the earth before detonating to destroy underground bunkers. Most JDAM kits were attached to the MK-48, the Vietnam-era bomb stockpiled in warehouses around the world. United States has hundreds of thousands of these bombs.


JDAM Outperforms Laser-Guided Bombs & Cruise Missiles

During the Kosovo conflict, JDAM outperformed laser-guided bombs and cruise missiles costing between $350,000 and $1,000,000 each. Rain, snow, ices and fog, disrupted the focussed ray of laser light needed to designate targets. For launching laser-guided bombs and cruise missiles, usually, two-plane packages are needed, one designates the target with a laser beam, while the second fires the missile.


By contrast, JDAM planes need only on on-board targeting computer that updates the weapon until the moment it is dropped. With wars increasingly conducted in and around civilian population centers, accuracy has become a top demand for U.S. commanders anxious to avoid the so-called "collateral damage." Collateral damage is the inadvertent killing of children, women and other civilians living near the targeted surface-to-air missile battery or enemy headquarters. As the Kosovo conflict escalated, JDAM was increasingly picked for the most sensitive targets. US Stealth bombers took out Danube River bridges that had defied laser-guided strikes on Serbia's Novi Sad, by using JDAMs.


Louis Cerrato- Oscar Soler

JDAM developed at Air Force Research Center, Eglin, and Oscar Soler helped develop it. Air Force civilian, an electrical engineer, Louis Cerrato, credited with creating the JDAM. Cerrato married existing technologies to the satellite system.


Laser-TV guided Munitions failed in Iraq War

Only 7 percent of the bombs used during Desert Storm were precision-guided munitions, and sandstorms, smoke and dust of the battlefield foiled them. Iraqi forces routinely set oil drum fires near tank emplacements to block laser-guided bombs. Intense radar-controlled anti-aircraft guns forced allied warplanes to higher altitude after initial losses. At 15,000 feet and above- the lower limit for Desert storm warplanes - the vaunted guided munitions lost their precision.


JDAMS is Model T of Weapons Business

The JDAM obtained the steel strakes that stabilize the bomb for guided flight was outsourcing commercially. Instead, for ceramics for satellite radio receiver and inertial guidance system, JDAM opted for rugged plastics. The automotive industry has significantly improved plastics, which can withstand engine compartment heat. JDAM computer costs $2,000 and uses a Motorola chip cloned from an Old apple design. It runs at 24 Megahertz, slow, but OK. The JDAM inertial navigation system cost $6,500. Global Positioning System receiver came in at $1,500 and the electric motor that maneuvers the guidance fins cost $3,000. However, the most effective reduction, was McDonnell-Douglas' agreement to build 87,496 JDAMS for a fixed price-$14,000 each. With JDAM, McDonnell-Douglas agreed to the straight line pricing. The deal includes increases for inflation, which so far have raised the JDAM cost to $19,000 each. The US allies are beating the path to the JDAM plant near St. Louis, MO. Last week Israel formally requested permission to buy JDAM kit from Pentagon, and 18 NATO partners are eager to transform their aging air forces at minimal cost. JDAM is the Model T of the weapons business. It is cheap and reliable just like Henry Ford's first cars.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights






(0)(1058) Chapter 38 Future of Warfare


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


(i) Nuclear Wars Likely

LIKELY US NUCLEAR STRIKES: United States would use tactical nuclear weapons during twenty-first Century. Threat of the Soviet nuclear retaliation dampened American incentives to use nuclear weapons during Cold War. United States threatened the use of nuclear weapons against North Korea to secure Chinese and North Korean compliance for the peace settlement. United States used Chemical warfare weapons of Yellow Orange to launch Environmental Warfare against Vietnam that destroyed the forest cover over much of Vietnam. Henry Kissinger and President Nixon threatened the use of nuclear weapons against India, if India had launched operations in Kashmir after the surrender of Pakistani troops in 1971 War. United States would use tactical nuclear weapons even against non-nuclear powers in non-nuclear wars, if it would lose the conventional wars. Pentagon realizes that US Infantry can not fight any major land wars. United States would never be able to become a major land power. Cavalier attitude of American Presidents towards foreign civilian destruction makes America a principal threat to the world peace. United States has emerged as a Military Leviathan with limited Land warfare capability. Pentagon would use nuclear weapons to forstall the looming defeats in the conventional land wars. India, Russia, China, and France should join forces to deter American propensity to use tactical nuclear weapons.


Rise of Nuclear Japan, Germany & Canada

NUCLEAR JAPAN, CANADA & GERMANY: The rejection of the CTBT by US Senate would tempt Canada, Germany and Japan to develop and deploy nuclear weapons. Canada, Germany and Japan have signed and ratified the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. Maany Americans fear that the first Atom bomb that may land on an American metropolis could be made in Japan. Senate rejection of CTBT made United States vulnerable to hostile nuclear attacks.

Serb Nuclear attack on Rome

SERB NUCLEAR ATTACK ON VATICAN: Serbia has stolen Russian nuclear weapons designs, components, and technology. NATO SHOULD reimburse Serbia $40 billion to pay for the civilian industrial infrastructure damage caused by NATO bombing. Otherwise, the renegades of the Serb military would steal a Russian thermonuclear device and launch it on Vatican Rome to cause $40 billion economic damage to Rome. As a result of Kosovo war the Western Europe, especially the Mediterranean Europe has become the most likely theater of nuclear holocaust in the world. Catholic-Orthodox civilizational war could caost 50 million lives in the Western Christendom during the next Century.


Neutron Population Warfare

NEUTRON DEPOPULATION WARFARE: Technology exists that allow Russians to depopulate Western Europe by using neutron bombs, and to occupy Western industrial plants undamaged. The development of tactical neutron bombs provides an efficient depopulation warfare weapon that allows the depopulation of the enemy lands without causing any damage to the civilian and industrial infrastructure. India should develop and deploy 5,000 tactical neutron bombs and related medium range missiles for depopulation warfare. Depopulation of the enemy industrial centers is more humane than the destruction of the civilian industrial infrastructure by conventional bombing. Depopulation of enemy industrial centers would not effect the prosperity of the world, as depopulation warfare does not affect the industrial production.


Burning Metropolises Warfare

BURNING METROPOLISES TO GROUND: The legitimization of civilian infrastructure warfare during NATO bombing of Belgrade revived the ancient military practice of burning the conquered metropolises to ground. Commandos carrying RDX explosives would surround the cities and burn them to ground.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights




(0)(1058) 38 (ii) Star Wars Weapons


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


KILLING CTBT AND ABM TREATIES: United States Senate has killed the CTBT, the Complete Test Ban Treaty. Did Japanese pressure groups influence the decision of the Senate to kill the CTBT? White House is determined to bypass the 1972 ABM Treaty that banned the deployment of Theater Missile Defense System. United States wants to build Space based defensive and offensive weapons systems. America's military-industrial complex would sabotage ABM Treaty, and other nuclear treaties with Russia. It is possible that the military-industrial complex transferred nuclear weapons warhead designs and other sensitive Satellite and missile technology to China to prop up China as future threat to United States to herald the new age of United States -China New Cold War. Perhaps White spies rather than Yellow spies stole America's most sensitive secrets in nuclear weapons, satellite, and missile technology for China. World is heading towards a new Cold War. Arms Control treaties harm the capitalist interests of military-industrial complex. Senate Killed the CTBT to engage the potential enemies in costly arms race hoping to bankrupt them.


Indian Star War Weapons

INDIAN SPACE WARFARE WEAPONS: The bulky missiles of the 1950s and 60s are obsolete. Indians have basic strength to lead in the Space based weapons platforms. Unlike the tanks and ships the production of the space based weapons platforms does not require heavy industrial infrastructure. India can efficiently design, test, and deploy revolutionary space based weapons platforms at lower cost. India should join forces with Taiwan, Japan and Israel to develop the Total Missile Defense System.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights




(0)(1058) 38 (iii) Second Strike Capability


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


China's Second Strike

CHINA'S SECOND STRIKE CAPABILITY: China has earmarked $9.7 billion to boost its second strike capabilities. China would upgrade the capability of the armed forces' defence and counter-attack system. China would make vigorous counterattacks, once hegemonists and their military alliance use nuclear weapons to make a surprise attack on China. China fears that US harbor hegemonistic ambitions. China is opposed to the proposed theater missile defence system designed to shield US troops in Asia against missiles from rogue states. The programme for China to develop effective second-strike capabilities has been under way for a long time. The program includes miniaturization of nuclear warheads and the development of missiles capable of carrying more than one warhead and hitting multiple targets. The People's Liberation Army (PLA) vowed to speed up its modernizaiton after the NATO bombing of Beijing's embassy in May 1999. China has adjusted its security strategy. In future, China would focus on rapidly developing its high-tech counter-attack capability instead of merely defending itself within its own territory. The PLA would concentrate on possessing Command of the Seas, Electronics and Electromagnetics. The real national security meant combining political security, economic security and military security.


India's Deterrent

INDIAN DETERRENT OF NEAR-TOTAL CERTAINTY: Indian deterrence is based on near-total certainty. It is an elaborate nuclear arsenal, with attendant command and control systems, leaving no doubt about the certainty of the retaliatory strike.  The NASB doctrine seems to suggest that Indian move in the direction of at least substantial security, greater than the minimum deterrent. It emphasizes that the level of capability should be consistent with maximum credibility, survivability, effectiveness, safety and security. It clearly stated that India’s force would be based on a triad of aircraft, mobile land-based missiles and sea-based assets. The sections on Objectives, Nuclear Forces, and Credibility, the recommendations are a clear shift from nuclear deterrence based on uncertainty to deterrence based on near certainty.


DETERRENT OF MAXIMUM CREDIBILITY: Indian doctrine seems to suggest that India move in the direction of at least great certainty. For instance, while it re-states that India shall pursue a doctrine of minimum nuclear deterrence, it emphasizes that the level of capability should be consistent with maximum credibility, survivability, effectiveness, safety and security. Minimum deterrence in these circumstances does seem to sound more like a political statement than a doctrinal tenet, especially when the objective is clearly to achieve maximum credibility.


Kosovo Justified Indian Atom Bomb

KOSOVO BOMBING & INDIAN ATOM BOMB: Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee said that the US-NATO bombing of civilian industrial infrastructure of Yugoslavia justified the development and deployment of Indian nuclear weapons and delivery systems. India has implicitly hinted that in case of future NATO invasions of South Asia, India would exercise India's nuclear deterrent at the beginning of the NATO air campaign and would not suffer the infrastructure damage.


Neutron Warfare on Barbarians

CIVILIZATIONAL NEUTRON RETALIATION: In case of any US, British pre-emptive nuclear stikes against India, India may not retaliate against metropolitan targets in cpontinental United States and British Isle, but would depopulate Australia and New Zealand. Australia and New Zealand are part of the Western Christendom civilization and peopled by white Anglo Saxons. United States, Britain, Australia, and New Zealand belong to the common civilization and common Anglo Saxon race. India's retaliation against metropolitan targets in United States and England would lead to general nuclear war. In the global civilizational war the nuclear retaliation can be directed against nearby civilizational allies of the nuclear aggressor. According to the current practice of Laws of War, India can legitimately retaliate against the preemptive nuclear strikes of United States by depopulating Australia and New Zealand by neutron bombs.


Depopulation of Nuclear Warfare

DEPOPULATION OF NUCLEAR AGGRESSOR: India declares that India would depopulate the entire male population of any nation that launches the preemptive nuclear strikes against India. It would deter the fanatic, fundamentalist, barbarian nuclear powrs that are not deterred by the Mutual Assured Destruction Doctrine.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights




(0)(1058) 38 (iv) Secession of Tibet


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


Revolution of High Mountain Warfare

HIGH MOUNTAIN WARFARE REVOLUTION: The military lesson of the Soviet defeat in the Afghan war and the effectiveness of Afghan Mujahideens in Kargil War against India reflect revolution in High mountain warfare. The high mountain warfare rules out the use of mechanized armored vehicles and tanks. The aircraft and helicopters are vulnerable to attacks by shoulder carried SAM missiles. The long-range mortars allow the commandos holed up at the mountaintops to destroy the vehicles 25 miles away, and repel the enemy climbers to dislodge them from their higher positions. The thinsulated snow clothing, snowmobiles, satellite pagers, GPS satellite technology, long lasting prepared foods allow the Light Mobile Infantry to disrupt the road communications and transportation in the mountain regions. India enjoys geopolitical advantage vis-à-vis China in Tibet.


China vulnerable in Tibet

CHINA VULNERABLE IN TIBET: Lhasa is linked to Hotan, Sinkiang by more than 1000-mile road that runs westward skirting near to the borders of Nepal and India. Lhasa is linked with Chengdo by more than 800-road that runs eastward skirting the borders of Sikkim, Bhutan, and Arunachal Pradesh India. Local Tibetan Commandos trained in high-mountain warfare and equipped with long-range mortars would disrupt the road transportation of Tibet. Chinese can not maintain their positions in Tibet. China could lose war in the province of Tibet (Xizang), East Tibet (Qinghai), Sinkiang (Xinjiang) and Yunnan province. Historically warriors from the Asian Steppes have invaded and conquered China. India should expel China from Tibet. Communist forces of Mao encircled the nationalist forces of Chiang kai Sheik by mobilising the minorities in the mountain regions of China. The shepherds in Tibet would determine the outcome of the war in Tibet. The Tibetan people are loyal to Dalai Lama and favor India over China. The liberation of Tibet and consequent formation of Buddhist government in China would be the most significant event of the next Century.   


Buddhist Revolution in China

COMMUNIST-BUDDHIST CIVIL WAR IN CHINA: The establishment of a Buddhist government in Tibet would encourage Chinese Buddhists to overthrow the Evil Communist regime in China. India should expedite the disintegration of Communist China by supporting the Buddhists and Taoists. Indian should provide military, material and political support to Buddhist revolutionary forces in China. Chinese Buddhist would support India. Communist-Buddhist war would disintegrate China. India should go to war against China in support of Buddhist revolutionary forces. Reagan-Pope alliance brought down the Communist regime in Poland. The Communism in china would meet the fate of East Europe. Buddhism and Taoism is th4 mortal enemy of Communism. India should militarily support Buddhists in China.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights




(0)(1058) 38 (v) Chinese Invasions of Australia & Indonesia


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


Chinese President of Indonesia & Malaysia

CHINESE PRESIDENT OF INDONESIA: Indonesia can become prosperous only under the leadership of a ethnic Chinese President. When West feels free to promote white Italian Catholic as the future Prime Minister of India, then it can not oppose the proposal to select an ethnic Chinese Buddhist as the future President of Indonesia and future Prime Minister of Malaysia. Chinese control the economy of Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines. Hindu India would support Buddhist Chinese to head the government of Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines. Chinese control the economies of the Southeast Asia, so it is logical that they should head the governments in Southeast Asia.


Chinese Invasions of Australia

AUSTRALIA THEATER OF 3RD WORLD WAR: The land of Australia does not belong to white Anglo Saxons. Australia belongs to Asia and Asians should get unlimited emigration rights to Australia and New Zealand. Japan and Australia should be allowed to occupy Australia and New Zeland. India would provide moral, political and tactical support to Chinese invasions of Australia and New Zeland. The Third World War will ignite on the issue of white occupation of Australia and Siberia. United States encourages China to invade Siberia. China has learnt the lessons of the Napoleonic War, First and Second World Wars. China would not be foolish enough to face Indian and Russian armies in Siberia. Neither India, nor Russia would oppose Chinese invasions of Australia.


America Can't Defend Australia

AMERICA CAN NOT DEFEND AUSTRALIA: The revolution of precision guided munitions, smart anti-ship cruise missles allows India and China to sink United States aircraft carrier battle group. Entire Asia would support Chinese invasions of Australia. Chinese invasions of Australia would take the form of Asian Crusades, where millions of Asians would walk 3,000 miles towards China in Chinese Junks and coastal boats to land on the beaches and ports of Australia. Australia and New Zealand can not remain under white Anglo Saxon occupation. The 25 million inhabitants of Australia should transfer to Canada and create a new Anglo Saxon super power in Canada. India supports Chinese and Japanese claims over Australia and New Zealand. Failure of white Anglo Saxons to move out of Australia and New Zealand would trigger world war three.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights





(0)(1059) 38 (vi) Return of the Age of Colonial Empires


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


POST KOSOVO WAR WORLD: The US Senate has rejected the ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. The CTBT is dead. India, China and Pakistan are free to conduct underground nuclear tests. United States plans to renegotiate the 1972 Antiballistic Missile Treaty, which prohibits the development of missile defense systems. United States sabotaged the UN Permanent War Crimes Tribunal, to avoid the prosecution of US personnel for War Crimes. However, United States stage-managed a sham War Crime Tribunal to indict Slobadan Milosevic of Yugoslavia, during NATO airwar against Serbia. United States desire to play a Rambo role in the future world, where it would use forces against weaker nation at will.


2000's Similar to 1800's

21ST CENTURY SIMILAR TO 19TH CENTURY: The NATO invasions of Serbia indicates that Western Europe itching to recreate colonial empires that it lost after the Second World War. United States is an imperial nation. From 1840, onwards the United States has been on an expansion mode. United States wants to create Pax Americana by exploiting its sole Super Power status. India may be willing to help United States in its quest for a global American Empire in exchange for a share of the proposed Empire. Indian soldiers built British Empire, where sun never wen down.


End of the Age of Sea Powers

END OF THE AGE OF SEA POWERS: The recent advances in the military technology of precision Guided Munitions make maritime assets, aircraft carriers, frigates, ships, tankers easy targets to smart missiles. Land powers can easily cut sea-lanes and sink civilian merchant ships, naval assets to end the age of Sea Powers. The 21st Century will witness the rise of land powers. The Precision guided munitions heralds the age of light, mobile, lethal super Infantry. The PGM armed soldier against becomes the main asset of the modern warfare. It gives the nations with large educated populations great strategic advantage. The space age warfare requires the development of new technology and India's solid background in mathematics and physics makes India a winner in the Information and space age. India will be the Super Power in the coming Century.


CHINESE INVASIONS OF AUSTRALIA: China would occupy Australia and Siberia in the first half of the coming Century. Precision Guided Munitions would allow Chinese missile frigates to neutralize the Seventh Fleet. The end of the Age of Aircraft Carriers would result in the eviction of whites from Australia and New Zealand. India would support Chinese occupation of Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia and New Zealand, in exchange for Tibet, Burma, Laos, Cambodia, Bali and Jaya Irian.


THUS SPOKE ZARATHUSTRA: Many lands and many peoples did Zarathustra see. Thus, he discovered the goods and evils of many peoples. No greater force did Zarathustra find on earth, than the good and evil? No people could live unless it had values, but if it wants to preserve itself, it must not have the same values as its neighbor. Many things that one people call good, another called ridiculous and shameful. Many things Zarathustra found, which in one place were evil and bad, but which in another place were adorned with purple honors and called virtuous and good.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights




(0)(1000) 38 (vii) Rise of United Europe as anti-US Power


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


Kosovo Exposed European Vulnerability

European leaders are now aiming to assert independence from United States. The US positioned troops in NATO in post-Second World War era to check the rise of Fascism in Germany. United States stationed US troops in Europe not to fight Soviet Union, but to check Germany. The Kosovo War exposed the military weakness of Europe. The West European ex-colonial powers appeared without any military capability. The 70+ days US-NATO bombing of Serbia exposed the vulnerability of Western Europe. World thought that some nations of Western Europe can be conquered and colonized for non-European powers, were they to fight war alone. The conquest of West Europe by non-white nations has become a military possibility. The NATO aggression on Serbia exposed the military vulnerability of Western Europe. Without massive support from United States, the West European defenses would crumble.


European Strike Force Without U.S.

European leaders are now aiming to create within three years before 2003 AD, Rapid Intervention Force (RIF). The RIF shall field 50,000-soldiers and 300 to 500 aircraft for up to a year in a future conflict like the one in Kosovo. The principal European Defense and foreign ministers agreed loosely on this goal in Luxembourg earlier in November 1999. Tony Blair and Jacques Chirac met in London to reaffirm Britain and France's determination to cooperate so that Western Europe could take care of its own military problems, if the United States was not available to help. France is ahead of some of its allies in arguing that a European reaction force should be able to operate with autonomy even if put together from units that formally belonged to the alliance. If American and Europeans had decided that Europeans should take charge of operations against Serbia that would not have been possible. The Alliance is separately is encouraging the Europeans to build a stronger defense pillar within NATO. The real question is whether European countries are ready to spend billions of dollars it would take to catch up with the United States. Would Europeans acquire the technology, communications and intelligence systems, along with the rapid deployment aircraft and helicopters Europeans found they lacked in Kosovo?

Pentagon Fears Independent Europe

PENTAGON FEARS INDEPENDENT EUROPEAN FORCE: Pentagon fears that an independent European Defense would weaken trans-Atlantic ties. White House and Pentagon are nervous that with the Europeans carrying more of the burden, they would break away from Atlantic Alliance. Pentagon is scared that Germans would become equidistant from United States and Russia. Russia could stage a momentous coup by exacerbating US-Germany hatred and encouraging United Europe become equidistant to Russia and United States. Weakened Russia is no threat to United Europe, but United States could become a principal threat to United Europe in middle of 21st Century.

Indian Supports European Strike Force

INDIA SUPPORTS EUROPEAN STRIKE FORCE: India supports the development of European Strike Force without United States. The development of powerful and nuclear Germany is in the national interest of India. Germany, Japan, and Canada should develop nuclear weapons to check United States. India would welcome nuclear defense pacts with Germany, Canada and Japan to deter future nuclear blackmail.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights




(0)(1059) 38 (viii) Yeltsin Tames Clinton


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


Russia's leader says that the U.S. cannot dictate to the world. Russia complained that the United States was not treating Russia with the respect due a nuclear power. President Clinton permitted himself to put pressure on Russia. Yeltsin reminded that it has never been and never will be the case that he will dictate to the whole world how to live. Russia rejects the unipolar world and declares that the present multipolar world is the basis for everything.  We (Russia) will dictate to the world. Not him (Clinton), not him alone. Russia, a faltering world power, and China, an aspiring on, are united in fear of American domination, and the Russia-China statements issued emphasized their shared support for a world with no single preeminent power. Russia-China signed two new border agreements and reaffirmed the strategic partnership they have extolled in summit meetings over last several years, an effort to erase past tensions and counter American power. Russia and China shared opposition to American plans for an antimissile defense system, which they say, will set off a global arms race.


Clinton seems to have forgotten what Russia is-that it possesses a complete arsenal of nuclear weapons. It did not happen and will not happen now that Bill Clinton would alone dictate how to live, how to work, and how to rest. We will dictate how to live m not him. These were the eruptions of Boris Yeltsin in Beijing on 8th December 1999, after Mr. Clinton said Russia would cold pay a stiff price for the high rate of civilian casualties in Chechnya. The Russian-Chinese communiqué fairly bristled with resentment toward American policy and civilization. Boris N. Yeltsin during official visit to China rattled Russia's nuclear saber at President Clinton, and denounced American culture, values and military dominance.


In its relentless military campaign in Chechnya, Russia is duplicating the NATO bombing of Kosovo. Yet, the West has found it cannot do anything to stop the excesses of the Russian drive against the Chechen rebels. It shows the limitation of the humanitarian-intervention policy used by President Bill Clinton to justify NATO's attacks on Serbia. Russia declared that America should not forget that Russia is a great power that possesses a nuclear arsenal. Russia told America that America alone can not dictate how the world should live, work and play. It is Russia, who will dictate, how the world should live, work and play. These remarks may not be subtle, but are effective in taming Bill Clinton and castrating the humanitarian-intervention policy used by America and NATO to justify attacks on Serbia.


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights





(0)(1060) Chapter 39 AIDS like Plague a Biological Weapon of Whites


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights


11 Million Children Orphaned by AIDS

AIDS has orphaned more than 11 million children since 1981, the year AIDS epidemic was recognized. The number is expected to rise to 13 million the end of 2000, the United Nations reported in the report to mark World AIDS Day. All but 5 percent of the world's children orphaned by AIDS live in countries below the Sahara. The cumulative number of children estimated orphaned by AIDS since the beginning of the epidemic. The number of orphans region wise are, Sub-Sahara Africa (10.7 million), South and Southeast Asia (200,000), Latin America (100,000), North America  (70,000), Caribbean (83,000), Middle East (15,000), Western Europe (9,000), East Asia & Pacific (5,600), East Europe and Central Asia (500). The soaring number of AIDS deaths could eventually undermine the stability of affected countries. Many of these AIDS orphans end up as Child laborers or roaming the streets, leaving them prime targets fro gangs, militia and creating child-armies like those that participated in massacres in Liberia and Sierra Leone. In Africa in 1998, 200,000 people were killed in wars and conflicts while AIDS killed 2.2 millions. The 11 percent of all children in Uganda, 9 percent in Zambia, 7 percdent in Zimbabwe, and 2 percent in developing countries were orphans in 1997.


AIDS is White's Biological Warfare Weapon

WHITE PLANNED TO DEPOPULATE AFRICA: Remember 1959, four years after France and Britain were humilated by Khruschev, and forced to abort their invasions of the Suez Canal. Belgium ruled Belgium Congo where in thepast Emperor Leopoldville had massacrede on-fourth of Belgium Congo's population. Is AIDS a man-m,ade disaster deliberately brought on Black Africans, in Colonial Africa, to depopulate Black Africa, so that depopulated Africa would not demand independence? Did the White Government of Belgium criminally introduce HIV-1 Virus by mixing it with experimental oral polio vaccine, which was given from 1957 to 1960, to a million people in Rwanda, Burundi and Congo? Anglo-Saxons in Australia and New Zealand depopulated Australian Aborigines, to eliminate their demand for independent statehood. Did White Christian Government of Belgium conspire to spread HIV-1 Virus by mixing it with Oral Polio Vaccine to massacre the Black race in Belgium Congo? White Christians had used Plague virus to eliminate 90 million Red Indian, Inca, Maya, and Amerindian population of North and South America.


Crime against Humanity or Judicial Compensation

If the allegation of White HIV Bio Warfare, true then it would make Hitler's genocide of Jews look like a child's prank. The Wistar Institute in Philadephia, and two laboratories in Belgium in developing AIDS Bilogical Warfare Weapon. It appears that Belgium alone played the leading role in deploying the AIDS Biological weapons in Congo, Rwanda and Burundi, that has caused the death of 16 million and 33 million more are infected. There appears to be clear case against Government of Belgium for their Colonial era role in spreading AIDS virus, throught their government controlled medical facilities. If this allegation is proved than it would justify the penalty of over $ 3,000 Billion (three trillion dollars) on Belgium and other White co-conspirators, payable $ 200 billion a year for next 15 years. It would also justify that the ruling elite of Belgium responsible for AIDS virus tried under War Crimes Tribunal. The direct involvement of Wistar Institute, of Phladephia involves the government of United States for the payment of punitive damages in the three Trillion dollar damages.


White Pharmaceutical Firms spreading AIDS

CONSPIRACY OF WHITE DRUG GIANTS: Did White Christian Pharmaceutical giants mutate AIDS virus to depopulate non-Christian Africa, and South and Southeast Asia, to empty non-Christian continents and to earn windfall profits by patenting new drugs that alone could cure AIDS? The drugs for reducing mother-to-child transmission of AIDS virus, costs for two doses of drug Nevirapine is $4, cost for AZT is $268 in developing countries, and $815 for much longer and more complicated course used in United States. Even if AZT proves to be safe, it is too expensive to distribute. An estimated 3.6 million of South Africa's 44 million are infected with H.I.V. Treating all those South African AIDS patients with AZT would cost the government 10 times what is currently spent on healthcare in South Africa.


Plague as Bio-Weapon

USE OF PLAGUE IN NORTH AMERICA & SOUTH AMERICA: The population of indigenous American Indians, Mayas, Incas and Aztecs was more than 90 million in 1500 AD, more than the combined population of white races in West Europe and East Europe. European Christians masqueraded as traders to sell Plague infected clothing from Europe to Red Indians. Europe had developed treatment and resistance to Plague. Similarly, new drugs are effective in controlling AIDS virus. The AIDS related deaths are falling in New York and USA, while they are skyrocketing in non-Christian Black Africa, South Asia and Southeast Asia.


Christians Promoted Prostitution & Drugs

CHRISTIANS PROMOTED PROSTITUTION IN ASIA: United States promoted prostitution in Philippines, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia to provide entertainment for US troops. The AIDS epidemic directly related to US troops in Asia. Rumor floating among AIDS victims that some top pharmaceutical firms financing the foreign trips of AIDS carriers to infect the prostitutes with AIDS in India, Thailand, and Africa. Did top White pharmaceutical firms finance selected AIDS carriers to spread the AIDS epidemic in Africa, South Asia and Southeast Asia, as part of their diabolic plan to reap billions in profits by marketing their patented drugs?


Spreading AIDS is War Crime

CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY: In New York any AIDS carrier could be charged for voluntary manslaughter, if he willfully spreads AIDS virus, by having unprotected sex with men and women, without informing them. It can be documented that top pharmaceutical firms in United States and Europe financed diabolic plan to use AIDS virus carriers to infect prostitutes in Africa, South Asia and Southeast Asia, thereby they should be tried for Crimes against humanity. Tobacco industry would pay fines excess of 200 billion dollars for suppressing evidence that tobacco smoking is habit forming and cause cancer. Perhaps top pharmaceutical firms should pay 500+ billion dollars for their crime to promote AIDS virus as part of biological warfare against non-white, non-Christian nations in Tribal Africa, South Asia and Southeast Asia. The patents of pharmaceutical firms should be confiscated and declared common heritage of the mankind to lower the price of AIDS drugs. All corporate, religious and political leaders involved in the hideous use of AIDS biological warfare weapon against non-Christian nation deserve mandatory death sentence.


Aids Deaths Surges

AIDS DEATHS SURGE ABROAD: The number of AIDS deaths has shrunk in the past few years in New York, USA and Europe. Deaths in the United States are down. UN AIDS reported in the report released on World AIDS Day on Dec. 1, 1999, that 2.6 million people will die of AIDS globally during 365 days that ends by the end of 1999. This is the largest ever deaths ever by AIDS for a single year. Even if prevention programs completely stopped new infections, deaths would increase for years, because third world countries cannot afford drugs to fight the virus, and their health systems are overwhelmed by AIDS related illness. The 8 percent of the population in sub-Sahara Africa infected with HIV virus, and 2 percent in the Caribbean. Of the 22.3 million adults in sub-Sahara Africa with HIV, AIDS virus, 12.2 million or 55 percent are women. Africa has six infected women for every five infected men. African girls 15 to 19 years are five to six times more likely to have virus, as boys are their age.


AIDS remains an unabated epidemic in many countries. During 1999, estimated new 5.6 million adults and children became infected with AIDS virus, bringing to more than 50 million worldwide since the AIDS epidemic was recognized in 1981. Thirty-three (33) million HIV infected people are alive today. However, AIDS has killed 16 million people since 1981. Around 2.6 million AIDS patients died during 1999, a record for any year. AIDS remains a fatal disease despite the availability of newer combinations of drugs; the threat of HIV has not diminished in any country. UNAIDS can not predict when AIDS will peak. In Sub-Sahara Africa 3.8 million new adults and children infected with HIV virus during 1999. In South and Southeast Asia, 1.3 million new adults and children were infected with HIV virus. The number of new cases of AIDS infected adults and children during 1999, are: Sub-Sahara Africa (3,800,000), South Asia and Southeast Asia (1,300,000), Latin America (150,000), East Asia & pacific (120,000), Eastern Europe & Central Asia (95,000), Caribbean (57,000), North America (44,000), Western Europe (30,000), North Africa & Middle East (19,000), and Australia & New Zealand (500). Twenty-three 23 percent of total new AIDS cases originated in South and Southeast Asia. Sub-Sahara Africa is by far the continent most affected by the virus, with nearly 70 percent of the infected people in the world. More than 90 percent of new AIDS cases originating in Sub-Sahara Africa, South Asia and Southeast Asia, who are non-Christian nations, and Christian missionaries are engaged in proselytizing warfare there. It is possible that White Christian Western Pharmaceutical companies are engaged in biological warfare to spread AIDS epidemic in non-Christian Sub-Sahara, with predominantly Tribal indigenous populations, South Asia and Southeast Asia with predominantly Indian civilizational influences. Is Southern Africa, Southern Asia victim of biological warfare, where AIDS replaces Plague, as biological weapons of choice for White imperialists? Would AIDS bio-weapon be used to depopulate Africa? Would Africa populated by white Europeans, as they did in North and South America? Are leading Western Pharmaceutical involved in a global conspiracy, similar to the Tobacco conspiracy, to spread AIDS epidemic in Indian Ocean Region? What should India's response be?


Author: Kalki Gaur: American Nuclear Weapon Doctrine © 2006 Copyrights







© 2006 Copyrights All Rights Reserved Author: KALKI GAUR

Kalki Gaur Books are as follows:

Kalki Gaur, “GLOBAL CLASH OF RACES” (2006)






Kalki Gaur, “GNOSTIC BIBLE” (2006)

Kalki Gaur, “POPULIST MANIFESTO” (2006)

The complete text of 5,000 pages of Books by Kalki Gaur available for free download at following Kalki Blogs for academic and non-commercial usage.

http://360.yahoo.com/gaurkalki   ; 

http://360.yahoo.com/clashofreligions  ; 

http://360.yahoo.com/diplomacyofcivilizations  ; 

http://clearblogs.com/kalkigaur/  ; 

http://kalkigaur.blogstream.com/  ;

http://my.opera.com/kalkigaur/blog/  ;

http://my.opera.com/kalkitv/blog/  ;

http://indiatalking.com/blog/kalkigaur/  ;

http://diplomacyofcivilizations.blog.com/  ; 




© 2006 Kalki Gaur Copyrights All Rights Reserved, Email: kalkimail@gmail.com


© 2006 Kalki Gaur Copyrights All Rights Reserved, Email: kalkimail@gmail.com





























































© 2006 Copyrights All Rights Reserved Author: KALKI GAUR

Kalki Gaur Books are as follows:

Kalki Gaur, “GLOBAL CLASH OF RACES” (2006)






Kalki Gaur, “GNOSTIC BIBLE” (2006)

Kalki Gaur, “POPULIST MANIFESTO” (2006)

The complete text of 5,000 pages of Books by Kalki Gaur available for free download at following Kalki Blogs for academic and non-commercial usage.

http://360.yahoo.com/gaurkalki   ; 

http://360.yahoo.com/clashofreligions  ; 

http://360.yahoo.com/diplomacyofcivilizations  ; 

http://clearblogs.com/kalkigaur/  ; 

http://kalkigaur.blogstream.com/  ;

http://my.opera.com/kalkigaur/blog/  ;

http://my.opera.com/kalkitv/blog/  ;

http://indiatalking.com/blog/kalkigaur/  ;

http://diplomacyofcivilizations.blog.com/  ; 




© 2006 Kalki Gaur Copyrights All Rights Reserved, Email: kalkimail@gmail.com