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GREAT GAME OF CENTRAL ASIAN OIL PIPELINE DIPLOMACY - Chapter 28 - KALKI GAUR

Chapter 28

Central Asian Oil Pipeline Diplomacy

Geopolitics of Oil-Gas Pipelines

“Global Clash of Races-Diplomacy of Civilizations” © (2006) Kalki Gaur

28(0) Purport

(1) Oil Conspiracy Partitioned Soviet Union

The oil-interests prompted the wider conspiracy that resulted in the demise of the Soviet Union and the emergence of oil-rich Caspian and Central Asian Republics as independent countries in 1991. The Big Oil bribed British Labour Prime Minister to unilaterally withdraw from all British colonies east of Suez in 1971 that gave birth to United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Qatar. The Big Oil bribed Soviet President Gorbachev, Russian President Boris Yeltsin and Foreign Minister Eduardo Sheverdnadze to partition the Soviet Union and allow the secession of the oil-rich Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Krygyzstan. Because of the bribes and conspiracy hatched by Big Oil British Empire walked out of Arabian Gulf in 1971 and Slav Russians walked out of Caspian Central Asia in 1991, just 20 years later. The Big Oil formed the OPEC oil cartel in 1971 to profit by oil price rise. The Big Oil conspiracy caused the petro imperialist invasions of Afghanistan in 2001 and petro-imperialistic invasion of Iraq in 2003. The Big Oil have conspired planned the petro imperialistic invasions of Iran in 2006. The Big Oil conspired to engineer the independence of Arabian oil producing nations and established OPEc in 1971. Twenty years later in 1991, the Big Oil engineered the secession and independence of Caspian oil and gas producers. Twenty years later in 2001 the Big Oil engineered the invasion of Afghanistan to control the pipelines from Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. American Petro-Imperialism bribed British Labour Prime Minister to unilaterally give independence to oil-rich Persian Gulf colonies in 1971. American petro-imperialism bribed Gorbachev, Yeltsin and Sheverdnadze to unilaterally give independence to oil-rich Caspian Republics. American Petro-Imperalism secured unilateral independence of Arabian oil-producers from British Empire in 1971 and secured unilateral independence of Caspian oil-producers from the Soviet Empire in 1991, only to start the process of bringing them under colonial yoke of American petro-colonialism with the invasions of Afghanistan in 2001 and invasions of Iraq in 2003 and likely invasions of Iran in 2006.

 

(2) Oil Price Rise Births Petro-Colonialism

One. American petro-colonialism seeks to control the oil and gas pipeline routes from landlocked oil-rich Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan to control the oil and gas reserves of Caspian Central Asia. It is inevitable that Caspian Central Asia would either fall under the yoke of American petro-imperialism or under the yoke of Russian petro-imperialism. The 21st Century Central Asia would be similar to the colonial Central Asia of the 18th and 19th Century. There is no way the weaker oil-producing nations would remain idependent when the crude oil price rises above $25-a-barrel. Higher crude oil prices make imperialistic invasions of thinly populated oil-producing coun tries an economic necessity for oil-importing industrial economies.

 

Two. The civilized world powers, believe that ever rising oil price rise justifies the return of new age of Oil Colonial Empires in terrorism prone Middle East, Central Asia and Africa. Colonization of thinly populated oil-producing countries in the Middle East and Central Asia by leading oil-consuming nations and industrial powers shall provide for energy security in the populous civilized world, even at the cost of acceptable collateral damage to colonial populations in the oil-producing world.

 

Three. Unchecked oil-price rise shall cripple the economies of the industrialized world. It would be cheaper for the United States, Germany, France, China and India to invade, occupy and administer as colonies selected oil-producing OPEC nations than paying for the imported oil bill. Thinly populated wealthy oil producing has signed their death warrants by hiking up the oil prices.

 

Four. Like the 1885 Partition of Africa, the great powers should negotiate and arrive at Partition of Oil Producing Middle East, Central Asia and Africa among major oil importing industrial powers, namely, United States, China, India, Japan, Germany, France, Britain and South Korea. The colonial occupation of thinly populated oil-producing nations by populous industrialized nations is lesser an evil than the disruption of the industrialized economies that would result, if the oil-producing nations continued to manipulate oil prices. Partition of Oil-Producing Nations into colonies of world powers is a moral imperative otherwise the civilized world shall face the specter of $100-a-barrel oil prices, which could translate into a $6-a-gallon gasoline and heating oil and worldwide Depression and end of the Industrial Civilization as we know it.

 

Five. American public will endorse albeit demand American imperialism and oil colonialism provided it brings back the retail price of gasoline and heating oil to below $1-a-gallon for American consumers. American BigOil raping America, American economy and American public to enrich themselves and their OPEC masters, just as Black agents of White slave traders captured blacks in Africa and delivered them to Slave ships. Profits of American BigOil do not promote the national interests of America rather harms it. It is high time that American State should directly own the oil and gas reserves of the Middle East, as then only it would reduce taxes, public debt and trade imbalances. These are the arguments author makes in this chapter.

 

28(1) Talk Points

(1) The Great Game of Oil Pipelines

Oil defines the geopolitics of Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. The demise of the Soviet Union and the secession and independence of oil rich former Soviet Central Asian Republics of Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan is an event of profound geopolitical significance. The oil and gas reserves of Caspian basin rival the oil reserves of the Arabian Gulf. During 18th, 19th and 20th Century the principal goal of the Great Game was to deny the Soviet Union access to the warm water ports of Gwadar and Karachi at the Arabian Sea. During 21st Century, after the demise of the Soviet Union, the principal goal of the great powers in the Great Game is to deny sea power and air power United States the permanent military bases in the oil-rich Caspian basin, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.

 

(2) Deny Maritime USA Caspian Bases

It is in the common national interest of Russia, China and India to deny sea powers, namely, United States, European Union and NATO permanent military bases in Central Asia. Russia would prefer India and China control the oil resources of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan rather than United States. Since oil reserves of the Caspian basin located far away from the Seaports, the location and direction of the oil and gas pipelines acquires great geopolitical significance. Russia wants the oil-pipelines should connect to the Russian pipelines networks northwards, so that the oil of the Caspian basin should flow to the world markets via Russian oil and gas pipelines. China wants to develop eastward oil and gas pipelines so that Kazakhstan oil and gas flows eastward. With the development of Siberian oil and gas pipelines, China would have lesser interests in importing Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas. India has an interest in the southward Turkmenistan Afghanistan and Pakistan oil and gas pipeline to supply Indian markets through land routes.

 

(3) Pipeline is Key to Central Asia

United States does not want Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan oil and gas pipeline to pass through Iran. Oil and gas reserves and the oil and gas pipelines is the key to the Central Asia in the 21st Century’s Great Game. India has a stake in the Central Asia, as Emperor Babur founder of Mughal Empire of India came from Samarkand, and Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Krygyzstan and been part of Indian empires for centuries. India has legitimate claim for the oil riches of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

 

(4) Access to Oil is Achilles’ Heel of USA

Access and control over the Caspian basin and Arabian Gulf is the sources of power as well as the Achilles’ heels of the United States. The World War III would be fought over Oil resources. New pagan god of oil emerged in the Oil world and the gods of Pope, gods of Jews, and god of lobbyists, interest and pressure groups would bow down to it. History of the world would be determined by the control over the oil reserves of the oil-producing nations of the world. Oil is the Achilles’ Heels of the United States. America would cease to be a super Power if it lost control over Arabian Gulf Oil. American economy would collapse even if the major OPEC nations were to price Oil prices in Euro instead of US dollar. Perhaps President Bush is more dependent on King Fahd than Fahd needs on Bush. Semite Israeli interests conceptualized the Semite Oil Cartel on the lines off Semite De Beers Diamond Cartel, and thus acquired indirect control over American policy making.

 

(5) Dollar or Euro as Currency of Oil Trade

True battle for the world domination is between the American Dollar and the Euro. Currently American dollar is the currency of global oil trade. This creates a huge dollar reserves that must be used to buy American products and invest in American stock markets. If major oil producing countries were to remove the American dollar as a currency to trade in oil, the economy of the United States would collapse. Iraq converted to euro pricing of oil in 2000. North Korea that used to trade oil in dollars changed to euro for trading in oil. Iran is considering changing to euro for trading in Iranian oil. It is no wonder that President Bush put these three countries- Iraq, North Korea and Iran- in the Axis of Evil. Euro was created to compete with US dollar as the co-reserve currency and as the principle currency of the oil trade. Saddam Hussein sealed his fate when he decided to switch to the euro for pricing Iraqi oil and later converted his $ 10 billion reserve fund at the UN to euros, said economist William Clark. America would shiver, if OPEC nations were to switch from dollars to euro for pricing OPEC oil. President Bush went to war against Iraq to stop United States going bust and bankrupt.

 

(6) Bush Waging Wars of Oil Colonialism

President Bush waged war of oil colonialism in Afghanistan, camouflaged as the America’s war on Islamic terrorism, for flushing out Wahhabi Al Qaeda terrorists hiding in Taliban ruled Afghanistan. Osama Bin Laden, Taliban and Al Qaeda historically had been and continue to be loyal lieutenants of American oil colonialism. Semite Wahhabi cult is the tool of Yankee oil colonialism. In the 21st Century after the American victory in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, and Iran, the OPEC would mean the Organization of American Petroleum Exporting Colonies. All OPEC countries are likely to fall under colonial rule of America.

 

(7) India controlled Iranian & Iraqi Oil

British Oil Imperialism overshadowed American oil imperialism in control over Middle East oil before the Second World War. Before 1945, the Indian Empire and British Empire controlled 100 per cent of Iranian oil and 47.5 percent of Iraqi oil; the U.S. interest was only 23.75 per cent in Iraq equal to France's interest in Iraq oil. After 1945, the control over Middle East oil has changed radically; in 1959 the U.S. share rose to 50 per cent of all Middle East oil, while that of Britain declined to 18 per cent, and France had 5 per cent, the Netherlands 3 per cent, other, including the local Arab governments, 24 percent. After the end of the Cold War the Western oil imperialism is really United States imperialism. The driving doctrine of US foreign policy since the 1940’s after the Second World War is to control the vast energy resources of the Muslim oil-producing nations of the Gulf region, many of these nations had been under British colonial occupation and influence.

 

(8) Wahhabism created by Oil Colonialism

Wahhabi Mecca and archconservative Vatican have united to wage wars on liberalism, modernism and women’s rights throughout Islamic and Christian world. Islamic Mujahideen terrorism and the CIA are united to wage on patriotic modern Muslims, to pave the way for making American oil colonies throughout oil-producing Islamic world. Wahhabi religious fundamentalism and Islamic terrorism are the instruments of American foreign policy to promote the national interests of American Oil Empire, in the Islamic world.

 

(9) Oil based Colonial Empires

New colonial empires of the 21st Century are formed over the control over oil and gas resources of militarily weaker, less densely populated oil-producing nations. America has already established colonial controls over many large oil producers, namely, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Brunei, Nigeria, Angola, and Guinea, Malaysia and Indonesia.

 

(10) Oil Rim Land

“He who controls the Oil Rim Land of Arabian Peninsula and Caspian Central Asia controls the oil resources of the world and the destiny of the world in the 21st Century.” The disintegration of Soviet Empire and the independence of the oil-producing nations stretching from Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan provide a new land bridge between oil-hungry Europe, and oil-hungry China and oil-hungry India. Pentagon and NATO has retraced the land route of Alexander-the-Great from Greece to Afghanistan, to develop permanent military bases in Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan, raising the specter of new Alexandrian dream of world conquest. NATO and Europe could retrace the route of Alexander to recreate European colonial oil-colonies in Central Asia.

 

(10) Caspian Oil holds Key to Super Power

By exercising judicious control over the Caspian oil and gas resources the economies of China, India and Pakistan could rival those of European union and NAFTA in a decade. God opened up the hidden riches of oil and gas reserves of Aryan Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to make 1.3 billion Aryan Indians and Aryan Pakistanis rich, wealthy and prosperous, so that India could regain in 21st century, India’s historical share of world’s manufactured goods, which in 1750 AD represented 24.5 percent of world’s total manufactured goods. India and China has no option but to compete with United States for neo-colonial control and influence over Caspian oil and gas resources and Dauletabad-Delhi pipeline, the 48-inch diameter 1,300-mile Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India oil and gas pipeline. Caspian Great Power Oil-Game underway would determine the fate of world balance of power and could undermine United States control over Wahhabi oil-rich OAPEC nations. 

 

(11) Western Bases in Central Asia

European military presence in Afghanistan is a significant geopolitical military event as it creates direct landward infantry link from Christian Europe to Hindu India, first time after the Alexander the great invasion of India, 2,000 years ago. American control over Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas and Afghanistan Baluchistan oil and gas pipeline, would allow white Christian NATO plan future conquest of India and Pakistan. It is high time that leaders of Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan realize that the permanent military bases of white Christian NATO threatens the freedom, independence and integrity of entire Indian subcontinent.

 

(12) India Competes West in Central Asia

Nuclear India, the world’s fourth largest economy, the world’s second largest population, home of one-sixth of the mankind, has decided to compete with United States and NATO for the control over the extraction and pipeline transportation of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas resources. God has unearthed the oil and gas riches of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan the homelands of Emperor Babur the founder of Indian Mughal Dynasty, and nuclear India must rise to the occasion and bring Aryan Turkmenistan and Aryan Uzbekistan back into the fold of Aryan Indian Economy. Nuclear India has become wise by the diplomacy of deception President Bush played in Afghanistan, when United States secured military bases in reluctant Pakistan because naïve Indian foreign minister Jaswant Singh offered military bases to American troops, for America’s war on Islamic terrorism in Afghanistan. United States misused the compassion of India, China and Russia felt over Wahhabi Saudi terrorist attacks of 9/11 to develop permanent military bases in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Georgia and Azerbaijan and to permanently place NATO troops in Afghanistan.

 

(13) Barbarian Catholics Civilized Muslims

Looking from the eyes of the civilized Arab Muslims and civilized Byzantine Orthodox Christians, the West European Roman Catholic Crusaders represented the forces of barbarianism that attacked civilized Muslim Jerusalem during First Crusades and attacked civilized Byzantine Constantinople during Fourth Crusades. First Christian Crusades against Muslim occupation of Holy Land and Jerusalem represented barbarian invasions of Civilized Islamic Jerusalem. Eastern Roman Empire’s Byzantine Orthodox rulers did not accept West European Catholic Crusaders as members of the civilized human world, and referred them as barbarians. As late as 718 AD, the white German and Frank slave men and slave girls were sold in the opulent slave markets of Muslim Alexandria and Damascus and Christian Byzantine. Only after 718, Christian Byzantine Navy blockaded the Mediterranean White European Slave trade, to economically harm the economies of Alexandria and Damascus by prohibiting the highly lucrative trade in White West European slaves. From fifth century to fifteenth century during European Dark Age, the Medieval Christian Western Europe represented Barbarian civilization, while Islamic world represented the advanced, modern, liberal Civilization. During Islamic Ottoman Empire, no European power dared to attack Ottomans, including Napoleon the great.

 

United States and Britain supported the secessionist efforts of Wahhabi Abdul Aziz to harness the barbarian forces of Wahhabi fundamentalists to overthrow the civilized Islamic Ottoman Caliphate. Roman Catholic Church and America supports barbarian Wahhabi Cult of Saudi Arabia that imposes barbarian Shariah law on moderate civilized Muslim nations, primarily to project Islam as a religion the religion of barbarians, and to denounce the Islamic civilization as civilization of barbarians, so that Muslims may forget that throughout Medieval Dark Age, the white Christians from present day Germany, France, represented uncivilized barbarians.

 

(14) Caspian Oil Reserves 3rd Largest

Fourteenth. Caspian region oil reserves might be the third largest in the world after Western Siberia and the Persian Gulf and, within the next 15 to 20 years, may be large enough to offset Persian Gulf oil. Caspian Sea oil and gas are not the only hydrocarbon deposits in the region. Turkmenistan's Karakum Desert holds the world's third largest gas reserves - three trillion cubic meters - and has six billion barrels of estimated oil reserves. Current estimates indicate that, in addition to huge gas deposits, the Caspian basin may hold as much as 200 billion barrels of oil, 33 times the estimated holdings of Alaska's North Slope and a current value of $4 trillion. It is enough to meet the America’s' energy needs for 30 years or more. The presence of these oil reserves and the possibility of their export raise new strategic concerns for the America, China, India, Japan, France and Germany. As multinational oil companies build oil pipelines from the Caucasus and Central Asia to supply Japan, China, India and the West, these strategic concerns gain military implications, as access to oil would be the crucial objective in the Third World War. Geopolitically Afghanistan has been the gateway to land-locked Central Asian, and oil-pipeline passing through Afghanistan occupies the central position in the U.S. strategy for the economic control of the oil and gas resources in the Central Asia and the Middle East. America currently in 2002 imports 51 per cent of its crude oil, 19.5 million barrels daily. The US Energy Information Administration estimates that by 2020, the U.S. will import 64 per cent of its crude, i.e. 25.8 million barrels a day.

 

(15) Last Great Oil Rush for Caspian Oil

Fifteenth. The struggle for influence in Central Asia is the last great oil rush, as America and the European Union attempts to reduce dependence on the Arabian Gulf Oil. The importance of Afghanistan in regard to the transportation of Central Asian oil cannot be overestimated. Khyber Pass has been the historic pass that became a conduit of the traders, soldiers and animals from Central Asia to the fertile lands of India. The oil of central Asia can reach the Baluchistan oil-terminal ports, only through Afghanistan. Russia had built its own pipeline from Kazakhstan to the Black Sea. In order to compete the Central Asian oil-pipeline, Western oil corporations could build pipelines along a number of routes, one passing through Afghanistan, other passing through Iran and third passing through Georgia. But by far the most economical Central Asian oil-pipeline would be from Central Asia through Afghanistan, to Baluchistan seaports in Pakistan.

 

(16) Pipeline Diplomacy Great Power Rivalry

Sixteenth, the Pipeline diplomacy as it is called, has assumed new dimensions and political rivalry between Russia, United States, Iran and India on the determination of the final pipeline route has started. Persian Gulf had been Indian Lake before the Second World War. Before 1909 Pamir Settlement, Indian Empire and Russian Empire indulged in the Great Power Game in Afghanistan and Central Asia. India may sign a defense pact with Iran to emerge as dominant player in the Great Power Pipeline diplomacy. The question of oil pipeline control has gained prominence due to the fact that the country that eventually turns out to be the outlet for energy would acquire significant geopolitical, military and economic privileges. Therefore, apart from the economic considerations and political parameters the geopolitical Great Power Game has also been injected into the Central Asian oil picture, with the Western countries taking a keen interest in the developments pertaining to the oil-exploration and transportation of oil in Central Asian region.

 

(17) Landlocked Central Asian Oil Reserves

Seventeenth. Pipelines Rich oil and gas reserves located in the Caspian Region are discovered in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. All three states are essentially landlocked, the Caspian Sea being an inland sea with no connection to the oceans. Great Power Game over the landlocked Caspian oil and gas reserves is fought in terms of the competing oil-pipeline routes to transport the Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan oil and gas. Pipeline diplomacy for the competition over the exploitation of Caspian oil and gas translates into the economic struggle over which route pipelines should take to transport the Turkmenistan oil and gas to the sea and the global market. There are a number of pipeline options, each promoted by certain country reflecting rival agendas and conflicting national interests.

 

(18) Northern Oil Pipeline Route via Russia

Eighteenth. The Northern route consist of upgrading the existing Kazak and Russian pipeline systems, plus a new one pipeline linking Baku in Azerbaijan with the Russian port of Novorossisk on the Black Sea. Russian route is the pipeline option favored by the Russia, as it would perpetuate their dominance of Central Asia, which would provide a permanent source of revenue to Russia. America opposes the Russia pipeline route, as it weakens America’s hold over Caspian oil producers. Turkey opposes Russia pipeline route as it weakens Turkey’s influence over Central Asia. Iran would prefer Russia pipeline route over via Turkey pipeline route and Afghanistan Baluchistan pipe line routes as these alternatives would consolidate America’s colonial presence in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

 

(19) Southern Pipeline Route via Iran

Nineteenth. The Southern Route via Iran, from practical point of view is the most sensible option, with the shortest distance as it is able to plug into existing Iranian pipeline system and it provides access to the growing South Asian market. Iran pipeline route is opposed by the United States, because of America’s hostility to Iran. Besides Iran pipeline route doesn't help the diversification of energy sources, which is primary security goal of the Pentagon. Nonetheless Iranian pipeline route is the only one of the new pipeline route, which is actually up, and running.  

 

(20) Eastern Pipeline Route via China

Twentieth, the Eastern Pipeline Route via China is the longest and most expensive route but favored by the China government, and under construction would allow China to recreate Mongol Empire and conquer Middle East in 21st Century. Eastern pipeline route helps China exploit the resources of Tibet and Xinjiang western provinces.

 

(21) Western Pipeline Route via Turkey

Twenty-first. The Western Pipeline Route via Turkey favored by Turkey, the United States and Israel. There are three separate Western pipeline routes. The Suspa-Bosporus Pipeline would transport Azerbaijan oil and gas to the port of Suspa in Georgia and then through the Bosporus straits to Europe. The Turkish claim is that the Bosporus straits will not be able to handle the increased amount of shipping required by the pipeline passing through port of Suspa Georgia. Turkey proposes Baku-Ceyhan pipeline, which would transport Azerbaijan oil to Ceyhan on Turkey's Mediterranean coast.

 

(22) Southeastern Pipeline via Afghanistan

Twenty-second. The South Eastern Pipeline Route via Afghanistan and Baluchistan to oil-terminals at Gwadar port would transport Turkmenistan oil and gas via 790-mile pipeline. This proposal was a reason behind Osama Bin Laden's 9/11 terrorist attack on America as well as America’s war on Taliban Afghanistan. With the fall of the Taliban Afghanistan and the stabilization of Hamid Karzai’s government Southern Eastern Afghan route has become the favorite oil pipeline route to transport Turkmenistan oil and gas. Southern Eastern Turkmenistan Afghan Baluchistan oil/gas pipeline route avoids Iran while delivering Turkmenistan oil and gas to India, which is much more promising market than the European Union. The armed conflicts, civil wars and terrorism have plagued the nations along the Caspian pipeline route. Russia, China and Turkey engaged in suppressing revolt along their favored routes. America engaged in war in Afghanistan, in the Afghan civil war prior to that.

 

(23) Pipeline via Iran threatens USA

Twenty-third. India, Russia and Iran should promote Iran as the crossing point of the Central Asian oil-pipelines to the Arabian Gulf seaport oil-terminals. If the major Central Asian oil pipeline goes through Russia to Europe, Russia will reestablish control over the Caspian region and the European imperialists will have a source of energy that the U.S. does not control. Russia and India have common geo-political interest in maintaining military presence in Central Asia to weaken permanent NATO presence in Afghanistan and Uzbekistan. 

 

(24) India supports Pipeline via Afghanistan

Twenty-fourth. South Asia benefits if the Central Asian oil-gas pipeline passes through Afghanistan and Baluchistan and extended to India. India would support Afghanistan oil-pipeline linked to Baluchistan port oil-terminals if that pipeline is extended towards India. Otherwise India would prefer that Baluchistan secedes from Pakistan and joins into confederation with Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. Pakistani believes that Turkmenistan Afghanistan Baluchistan oil-pipeline will be Pakistan's gateway to Central Asia. Pakistan's ruling class hopes to be the point-of-entry for large amounts of Central Asian gas and oil--including for Japan and South Korea, who are eager to diversify their source of oil, which at present heavily dependent on Arabian gulf oil supplies. The Afghanistan Pakistan gas pipeline expected to pass through to India. This would give Pakistan major leverage over India, its longtime South Asian enemy, and draw both of those countries much farther into western economic networks. The security interests of India should be taken into account for the Afghanistan-Baluchistan oil-pipeline to transport Central Asian to become successful. India has the military capability to scuttle this project. India has a legitimate role to play in every central Asian oil-pipeline project, as it directly affects the security of India.

 

(25) Great Game of Central Asia

Twenty-fifth. There has never been the time when a region suddenly emerged from obscurity to global prominence so suddenly, as happened to Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Azerbaijan after the discovery of great oil and gas reserves in the region. Pentagon considers these Central Asian countries from Turkey to China as key "prizes" to be snatched up after the collapse of the Soviet Union. For Russia, struggling, bankrupt and weakened through the 1990s, control of these energy-rich countries is essential for any hopes of Russia re-emerging as a world-scale superpower. Whoever controls the Caspian region has a counterweight to the Persian Gulf, a way to strengthen control over all oil-producing states by hooking up a new energy source to the world market. The Caspian region's energy fields are landlocked, far from the oceans. Exploiting the people and resources of the Caspian region takes huge pipelines traveling hundreds of miles over mountains and deserts. Whoever controls the pipelines controls the oil. And so there has been an intense fight over who will build these new pipelines and where they will go. President Bush’ war on Afghanistan was neither about Osama bin Laden nor about Islamic terrorism, but about control over Afghanistan oil-pipeline that will be built in near future. It explains why American troops provided safe passage to Al Qaeda terrorists and Osama Bin Laden’s chief lieutenants in Afghanistan, who deserved to die brutally at the hands of Northern Alliance fighters.

 

(26) Great Pipeline Rivalry

Twenty-sixth. The Pipeline diplomacy as it is called, has assumed new dimensions and political rivalry between Russia, United States, Iran and India on the determination of the final pipeline route has started. Persian gulf had been Indian lake before the Second World War. Before 1909 Pamir settlement, Indian Empire and Russian Empire indulged in the Great Power Game in Afghanistan and Central Asia. India may sign a defense pact with Iran to emerge as dominant player in the Great Power Pipeline diplomacy. The question of oil pipeline control has gained prominence due to the fact that the country that eventually turns out to be the outlet for energy would acquire significant geopolitical, military and economic privileges. Therefore, apart from the economic considerations and political parameters the geopolitical Great Power Game has also been injected into the Central Asian oil picture, with the Western countries taking a keen interest in the developments pertaining to the oil-exploration and transportation of oil in Central Asian region.

 

(27) Chechnya Rebellion is War for Oil

Twenty-seventh. Chechnya War waged by fanatic Muslim terrorists is an old-fashioned war, for Chechen independence and Russian self-esteem, but also a more modern war, the war for oil. Before the 1994-96 Chechnya War Groznyy's network of refineries made it the second biggest oil city in the region after Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. Russian Geologists say up to 200 billion barrels lay beneath the Caspian, and there is every sign that Moscow would retain a leading role in the lucrative business of selling Caspian Oil. The Russian pipeline, which used to pump 100,000 barrels of crude a day to the Black Sea oil terminals now closed. Behind the rhetoric of Russian "anti-terrorist operation", it is clear that Moscow launched Chechnya war partly to keep a toehold in what may be the world's richest oil region outside the Middle East. The ongoing Groznyy Chechnya War for Russian Generals and Kremlin strategists they are a reminder that Moscow's long-term goal of dominating the Caspian basin and its vast oil and gas reserves is as elusive as ever.

 

(28) Bush used 9/11 to protect Oil Interests

Twenty-eight. The President Bush grabbed hold of the September 11 attacks in order to lay the basis for worldwide escalation of American militarist preponderance. The CIA and Saudi Arabia financed terrorists have opened up a broad array of potential targets that include Iran, Iraq, Yemen, Sudan, and Syria. When President Bush labeled countries "rogue states" such countries as had refused to be a compliant accessory in the America-dominated New World Order.

 

(29) Oil & Gas is Achilles’ Heel of USA

Twenty-ninth. Crude oil and natural gas is the Achilles’ heels of the United States. United States would cease to be the sole super power if a coalition of regional powers sabotage America’s domination over the Middle Eastern and Central Asian oil and gas fields. Oil remains the lifeblood of modern world economy. Superpower status requires control of oil at every stage, discovery, pumping, refining, transporting, and marketing. By threatening the America’s control over Middle East and Caspian Oil and natural gas one could threaten the superpower status of the United States. Short of nuclear holocaust, the fragile American control over world’s oil and gas reserves, discovery, and transportation of oil and gas exposes the Achilles’ heels of the United States. Pentagon does not simply want to obtain oil, which is a simple matter if one has money. Pentagon wants to control the flow and distribution of oil and natural gas to America’s economic competitors, namely Japan, Germany, France, China and India.

 

(30) Only Pipeline can export Caspian Oil

Thirteenth. The Caspian Sea oil and gas reserves are located in landlocked region. Pipeline is the way to efficiently transport the Caspian oil and gas to European Union, India, China and Japan. The exact pipeline route and its final outlet may determine the ultimate success of Caspian oil and gas exploration and transportation. The transportation issue overshadows the oil exploration issue in the Caspian oil politics, as the main question is: How best to deliver the Caspian oil and Gas to global oil markets.

 

(31) BigOil Prefers Tyrannies

Thirty-first. America learnt in Iran that neither the democratic populist regimes nor enlightened monarchies serve the interests of United States, if their goal is the improvement of their oil-country. American oil-imperialism prefers dictators and corrupt regimes, because dictators and corrupt regimes would invest their ill-gotten wealth in American banks and the Wall Street. America rules American colonial empire comprising of Muslim oil-producing countries having small populations, through American oil companies and the CIA. American oil companies act like the colonial bureaucracy, collecting tax revenue in form of oil-incomes and the CIA’s covert operations periodically change the Muslim rulers of oil-producing nations by military coups and palace coups. American neo-colonial empire based on the control over oil and gas fields, and control over the transportation of oil and gas by tankers and pipelines, and control over the oil refineries and control over the distribution of the oil and gas products to the consumers. The oil exploration, extraction and transportation are not labor intensive and oil and gas reserves are located in thinly populated desert lands of Middle East. America does not want cultural colonialism over the oil-producing nations. America wants to impose Islamic Shariah Law over Muslim oil-producing nations, so that well paid theocratic Mullah are content exercising their religious, social and political control over poor Muslim masses and Muslim women, while Americans reap all the profits of the oil and gas sales. America empowered a single family the descendants of a single person, King Abdul Aziz of House of Al Saud, the control of entire country Saudi Arabia, which never existed as a nation in the history, primarily because it allows American corporations exploit the oil and gas incomes and the Wall Street manages the entire wealth of the Saudi Royal Family. Duchy of Muscovy was Tax-collectors of Mongol Empire, and House of Romanov exploited its exalted status as Mongol Tax Collectors, after the Ottoman conquest of Byzantine Constantinople to create Russian Empire. Similarly, House of Saud, the common usurper is grateful to United States for recognizing it as rulers of Saudi Arabia. King of Saudi Arabia eternally grateful to United States, for creating legitimacy to House of Saud, which had no legitimate claim to rule Saudi Arabia. Same is the case for Kuwait’s Al Sabah royal family, Dubai’s Al Maktoum royal family, and Ras Al Khaimah and Sharjah’s Al Qusmy royal family. The small populations of Muslim oil-producing nations, namely, Brunei, Qatar, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan makes them totally dependent on United States and Pentagon can control and occupy them whenever necessary.

 

(32) Pentagons Central Asian Bases Threaten

Thirty second. The US military presence in Georgia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan will help ensure that a majority of oil and gas from the Caspian basin will go westward, bypassing the United States' geopolitical rivals, Russia and China. The reason why Vladimir Putin is determined to keep Chechnya under Russian control, whatever the cost to both the Chechens and the Russians may be, is that Chechnya is one of the last available Russian pipeline routes for transporting Caspian oil. The White House has been playing the same game in Saudi Arabia and the Middle East. Pentagon’s strategic domination over the entire region, including the whole lane of sea communications from the strait of Hormel, will be perceived as the primary vulnerability of China’s energy supply". Pentagon visited Sao Tome and Principe, the islands halfway between Nigeria and Angola, to discuss the possibility of establishing a military base there. United States and Sao Tome and Principe see the proposed American base as a threatening staging post, which the Pentagon could use to gain exclusive access to West African oil.

 

(33) Indian Oil Imperialism Predated USA

Thirty-third. British Oil Imperialism overshadowed American oil imperialism in control over Middle East oil before the Second World War. Before 1945, the Indian Empire and British Empire controlled 100 per cent of Iranian oil and 47.5 percent of Iraqi oil; the U.S. interest was only 23.75 per cent in Iraq equal to France's interest in Iraq oil. After 1945, the control over Middle East oil has changed radically; in 1959 the U.S. share rose to 50 per cent of all Middle East oil, while that of Britain declined to 18 per cent, and France had 5 per cent, the Netherlands 3 per cent, other, including the local Arab governments, 24 percent. After the end of the Cold War the Western oil imperialism is really United States imperialism.

 

(34) Had Hitler Attacked Syria Iraq Iran?

Thirty-fourth. Hitler might have won the Second World War, had he attacked Syria, Iraq and Iran and then attacked Baku oil fields from Northern Iran. Rather than attacking Soviet Union Adolf Hitler should have attacked the Middle East and secured Oil. Hitler like Napoleon seriously contemplated a campaign through the Near East, following the route of another conqueror Alexander the Great. Hitler and Napoleon both came to grief in Russia. If in 1941, Hitler had put off his invasion of the Soviet Union for a year and had gone for the prize of the Middle Eastern Oil that might have given him the edge against the Allied Powers. In the summer of 1941, Hitler should have chosen to make his major attack not into Soviet Union but across the eastern Mediterranean into Syria and the Lebanon. Had Hitler developed amphibious Navy to transport his troops to the Syrian coast via Crete following the coastlands of Turkey he would have conquered Vincy French Syria. From Syria Hitler should have attacked Iraq and then Iran. The establishment of strong military presence in northern Iran would have positioned his forces close to the Soviet oil production centers on the Caspian Sea. Nazi drive into southern Iran would have given Hitler possession of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company’s wells and vast refinery at Abadan. From eastern Iran, the land routes lay open towards Punjab and Delhi. Indian leader Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose had offered Indian support to Nazi Germany in exchange for German military support for India’s independence from British rule. The Nazi occupation of the French Levant- Syria and Lebanon would have placed Hitler astride a network of strategic highways leading not only to the main centers of Middle eastern oil supply but also to entry points to India and also the southern provinces of Stalin’s Russia. Adolf Hitler foolishly overlooked that ample oil laid close at hand, all the closer since he had completed the conquest of Greece. Iraq, Iran and Saudi Arabia were the world’s largest producers of oil and a direct route towards their fields and refinery lay just across the eastern Mediterranean through Syria. If Turkey’s neutrality was to be violated a land route was also available. Kurds would have joined the war on the side of Nazi Germany against Kemalist Turks. The French Levant, Syria and Lebanon was weakly defended. The Vichy French army in Syria and Lebanon numbered only 38,000, without modern equipment or air cover. The British army in Palestine, Egypt, and Libya numbered only seven divisions and was already locked in combat with the Afrika Korps, which buttressed a larger Italian army. Militarily, if the German-Italian forces in the Middle East were strengthened, the Middle East was ripe for plucking. There was even the making of a local pro-German client regime. On April 3, 1941, Rashid Ali had overthrown the pro-British government in Iraq and asked for German help. German aircraft arrived at Mosul on 13th May 1941, having staged through Syria, the Vichy French garrison feeling powerless to impede.

 

(35) Official Currency of Global Oil Trade

Thirty-fifth. President bush went to war against Iraq to stop United States going bust and bankrupt. The true battle for the world domination is waged between the American Dollar and the Euro for official benchmark currency for pricing of oil in global oil trade. Currently American dollar is under the long-standing agreements to buy or sell oil reserves between most of the oil producing nations. This creates a huge dollar reserves that must be used to buy American products and invest in American stock markets. This helped United States to be the richest country of the world, and to remain the richest nation. If all oil producing nations were to remove the American dollar as a currency to trade in oil, the economy of the United States would go into a tailspin last seen in the 1930s Germany. Iraq converted to Euro pricing of oil in 2000. North Korea that used to trade oil in dollars changed to euro for trading in oil. Iran is considering changing to Euro for trading in Iranian oil. It is no wonder that President Bush put these three countries- Iraq, North Korea and Iran- in the Axis of Evil. Euro was created to competitor with US dollar. Saddam Hussein sealed his fate when he decided to switch to the Euro for pricing Iraqi oil and later converted his $ 10 billion reserve fund at the UN to euros.

 

(36) US Supports Tyrannies to Control Oil

America seeks to control and dominate the oil and gas resources of under populated Muslim oil-producers in alliance with anti-modernity, anti-women, anti-democracy corrupt Wahhabi monarchy and sheikhdoms, hoping corrupt Muslim regimes would act as oil tax-collectors for United States and would not squander oil riches on their people. The 1951 democratic popular modernist rebellion in Iran convinced the White House, Pentagon and the CIA that democratically elected popular governments in Muslim oil-producing nations would harm the national interests of United States and the economic interests of American Oil companies and the Wall Street.

 

United States feels more comfortable with Wahhabi terrorists, Osama bin Laden, al Qaeda and Taliban fundamentalists than with the modern democratic leaders, namely, Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharief. United States waged the 2001 war on Afghanistan to protect the lives of Al Qaeda and Taliban terrorists from sure deaths at hands of victorious Northern Alliance soldiers, because White House continues to believe that it can do business with Pushtun Taliban to secure American control over Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India oil pipeline. American Big Oil feels more comfortable dealing with terrorist Wahhabi Taliban and Osama bin Laden than with democratically elected leadership, because terrorists can be purchased more cheaply than the elected representatives.

 

(37) Afghanistan War to control Pipelines

President Bush attacked Afghanistan, even when not a single Afghan national was involved in 9/11 terrorist attacks, simply to exploit world public sympathy to control the Caspian oil and gas resources and to control Dauletabad-Gwadar and Dauletabad-Delhi oil pipeline to transport Turkmenistan oil and gas to India and Pakistan. Neither Pentagon nor the CIA considers as enemies of America, the Wahhabi terrorists, the likes of Osama Bin Laden, Al Qaeda and Taliban. On the contrary the CIA, the Pentagon, Pakistan, UAE, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia continue to support Wahhabi Al Qaeda terrorists in Kashmir. Eastern Roman Empire recruited German barbarians to defend Roman Empire, similarly after the defeat in Vietnam War United States’ CIA and the Pentagon recruited and continue to recruit terrorist Muslims to fight proxy wars against the enemies of the United States against payment or rewards.

 

28(2) Oil is basis of Diplomacy

(1) Terrorism Favors Colonialism

Islamic terrorism and Islamic religious fundamentalism has historically promoted the economic interests of American Oil Colonialism. Islamic terrorism has twin objectives, to promote the political power of Wahhabi Clergy and the economic monopoly of American Oil Colonialism. American and British Oil Colonialism historically financed, nurtured and legitimized Islamic fundamentalism and Islamic terrorism as terrorists have historically supported interests of Oil colonialism. President Bill Clinton imposed the rule of fundamentalist Taliban on Afghanistan with the help of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Pakistan, hoping it would consolidate the hold of American Oil Colonialism over Turkmenistan Gas and Oil pipeline that would run southward towards Pakistan’s Baluchistan coast. Before 9/11 American Big Oil had no problem dealing with Wahhabi fundamentalism and Taliban and Al Qaeda. The 9/11 forced the hands of America and forced President Bush to declare War on Islamic Terrorism. America waged war on terrorism, simply because militant Arabs attacked on 9/11. Had the 9/11 attacks not taken place, Islamic terrorists would have continued being the best ally of the CIA, the Pentagon and the White House. America and the CIA had created, trained, financed and nurtured Wahhabi terrorists. In the eyes of an American Oil Colonialist, Arab Wahhabi terrorism is not an enemy but a friend of American Oil Colonialism. In the eyes of an Arab Wahhabi militant, America is a friend not an enemy, as America would readily agree Wahhabi takeover of the liberal modern Islamic states, in exchange for American monopoly over oil and gas resources.

 

President Bush sent troops to Afghanistan not to kill and neutralize al Qaeda terrorists, but to provide safe passage and to protect them from sure slaughter at hands of Northern Alliance soldiers. Wahhabi militant terrorism protects the economic interests of American Oil Colonialism, in exchange for America’s acceptance of Islamic fundamentalism and suppression of Muslim women. British and American secret services came up with the idea of harnessing the militant potential of Arab Bedouin to wage war of independence on Ottoman Empire and promoted Mecca as the legitimizing force for upstart Bedouin rulers of the newly carved states out of the former Ottoman territories in Arabia.

 

The stamp of legitimacy affixed on the House of Al Saud in Saudi Arabia and Iraq, and House of Al Sabah in Kuwait created states out of territories, which were never governed as a state in the history of the mankind. Even the most militant terrorists do not challenge the economic interests of American Oil Colonialism. Oil Colonialism created Wahhabi fundamentalism, which degenerated into Wahhabi terrorism. President Bush’s war on Afghanistan justified as war on terrorism, simply camouflaged the America’s imperial war for establishing American Oil Colonies in Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan. President Bush’s war on Iraq, justified as war on weapons of mass destruction simply camouflages the American imperial war for establishing American Oil Colony in Iraq, which has second largest reserves of oil in the world, next to Saudi Arabia.

 

Hindu India has no problem with America’s war for Oil Colonialism in the oil-producing Arabian Gulf, so long as American Colonial Empire keeps Arab terrorists from entering India. Any war between Protestant America and an Islamic country is good for Hindu India. However, Hindu India has a problem, whenever Protestant American Oil Colonial Empire starts funding Islamic terrorists in India, to buy peace in the American Oil Colonies. The loss of independence and sovereignty of Arab nations does not harm the national interests of Hindu India. India can live with American Oil Colonialism so long it does not export Islamic terrorism to Hindu India.

 

(2) Bush Oil Administration

The Crude Oil or natural Gas is the defining principle guiding Bush Oil 43 Administration. President George W. Bush’s 43rd Administration (2001-2005) is in fact the “Oil Administration,” and his Cabinet is in fact the “Oil Cabinet.” President Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney represent the interests of “American Oil Colonialism” and “American Oil Interests.” President George W. Bush is bluntly patriot and nationalist seeking to promote America’s national interests defined in terms of Oil Power and Oil Colonialism. Bush Doctrine and President Bush’s blunt diplomacy legitimizes America’s Oil Colonialism the 21st century’s Neo-Imperialism. President Bush would encourage the secession of Baluchistan province from Pakistan and promote the Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Baluchistan Confederation and Common market to secure American control over Turkmenistan, Afghanistan Baluchistan Oil-Gas Pipeline.

 

Hindu India has no problem with Christian Super Power’s Neo-Imperialism and Oil Colonialism. India has no problem with Bush Oil Colonialism as India can live that, just as Indian Empire loved with Pax Britannia. Hindu India loves Bush Administration, because it is Bush Oil Administration and Bush Oil Cabinet. In the eyes of Hindu diplomats the Christian oil-colonial neo-imperialism is praiseworthy, so long United States employs the resources of the Pentagon, not those of Osama bin Laden and Islamic terrorists to secure American oil interests.

 

President Nixon had consented for the secession of Bangladesh from Pakistan to foster American control over Bangladesh gas fields in Bay of Bengal. Realpolitik bluntness of President Theodore Roosevelt legitimized American imperialism. President Theodore Roosevelt represented the Real Politik interests of American Colonial Imperialism. President Jimmy Carter and President Ronald Reagan represented the interests of Christian Religious Right Conservative Conspiracy. President John F. Kennedy represented the political interests of Papacy. Hindu

 

Geopolitical interests of Neo-imperialist Oil-colonialism conflicts with the interests of Papal religious right conservatism. Hindu India loves Christian America’s Neo-imperialistic Oil-colonialism. Neo-imperialist Oil-colonialist cannot be Pope’s agent. National interests of United States and those of India coincide, while the religious interests of Papacy and Evangelicals conflict with the religious interests of Hindu India. Hindu India had the problem with United States, during Carter Reagan and Clinton Administrations whenever White House used Pentagon and the CIA to promote the proselytizing interests of Papacy and Evangelical Christian Religious Right Conservatism.

 

(3) Civilization Empire Strikes First

The 9/11 attacks sounded the death warrant on the legitimacy of smaller nations that misused concept the independence and sovereignty of nation states to harbor terrorists and sponsor religious terrorism and intolerance. The 9/11 attacks eroded the legitimacy of the newly independent states that emerged as a result of the decolonization. President George W. Bush wisely enunciated the new ‘Pre-emptive Empire Strikes First” national security strategy. It justified preemptive strikes against terrorists, because in the age of weapons of mass destruction, the civilizations would be foolish to allow barbarians strike first. The 9/11 terrorist attacks on Twin Towers and Pentagon exposed the Achilles’ heels of the so called sole superpower of the world, and ushered in the new age of multi-polar world order. President Bush’s attacks on Afghanistan and Iraq to establish American Oil colonies in Caspian basin and Iraq ushered in the new Age of Neo-Colonial Empires in the 21st Century. Australia’s Prime Minister John Howard wisely argued that United Nations charter should be changed to allow a country to launch strikes against any threat conventional or terrorist. President Bush’s unilateral invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq, and the doctrine of preemptive strikes against terrorist nations, establishes the precedent under customary international law that allows every one of the eight great powers to launch military strikes against terrorist nations, and terrorist-sponsoring nations. President Bush camouflaged America’s oil interests in the Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, and Baluchistan oil-gas pipelines, while unleashing wars on elusive Osama Bin Laden in Afghanistan. America invaded Afghanistan in 2002, not to destroy Al Qaeda terrorist network, but to secure the NATO’s permanent foothold in Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. President Bush invaded Iraq in 2003, not to destroy Iraq’s non-existing weapons of mass destructions, but to establish American Oil Colony over Iraq.

 

(4) West Designed Islamic Fundamentalism

British M1 and American secret services nurtured, designed and propagated the concept of Wahhabi fundamentalism to mobilize the support of illiterate, semi-civilized nomad Bedouin tribes to Arabia to wage secessionist movements in erstwhile Ottoman Empire, so that America could control Saudi Arabia oil and Britain could control Iraqi oil. British Secret service M1 financed the Khilafat Movement in India, and the Muslim League led by Mohammed Ali Jinnah so that India Empire may not have direct border with Iran, to assert the claims of Indian Empire over oil-resources of Iran and Iraq. British Oil interests partitioned Indian Empire to check India’s domination of Iran and Iraq.

President Nixon (1969-1974) encouraged the secession of Bangladesh to secure American control over the gas riches of Bangladesh. President Clinton (1993-2001) imposed the rule of Taliban over Afghanistan to promote American control over Turkmenistan-Gwadar Oil Pipeline. President Bush may encourage the secession of Baluchistan from Pakistan to promote the Baluchistan-Afghanistan-Turkmenistan Confederation, to secure the Turkmenistan-Gwadar Oil Pipeline. American Oil colonialism would engineer the second Partition of Pakistan and secession of Baluchistan, so that Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Baluchistan Oil-Gas Pipeline could become free from interference of Pakistan. President Jimmy Carter (1977-81) formalized the pact of the Christian Religious Right Conservatism and Islamic fundamentalism by organizing the pro-Mullah coup in Iran to replace secular, liberal, modern regime of Shah of Iran. President Carter should be honored with the title of “Father of Islamic Fundamentalism.” President Ronald Reagan cemented the military ties of Christian Religious Right Conservative Conspiracy and Sunni Arab Wahhabi fundamentalism with likes of Osama Bin Laden and Afghan Mujahideens to bring down secular, liberal modern Islamic regimes worldwide, especially in Afghanistan. President Bill Clinton presided over the alliance of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Pakistan to install Taliban and Osama bin Laden as de facto rulers of Afghanistan. President George Bush sent troops to Afghanistan in 2001, not to arrest and neutralize Taliban and Al Qaeda terrorists, but to provide for their safe passage and to protect them from retributions at the hands of Northern Alliance soldiers. America’s war on Islamic terrorism camouflages the American imperial goals to establish American oil colonialism throughout oil-producing Islamic world. This is the issue that the author raises in this chapter.

 

28(3) New Oil Colonial Empires

(1) Organization of Petroleum Exporting Colonies (OPEC)

In 21st century the world would realize that OPEC means Organization of Petroleum Exporting Colonies. In 21st century the world would realize that OAPEC means Organization of American Petroleum Exporting Colonies. British Empire secret services promoted the Islamic fundamentalism doctrine of Wahhabi to harness the power of backward uncivilized Islam to bring down the modern liberal Ottoman Islamic Caliphate, to empower the illiterate rulers of Mecca become owners of the oil-rich Arab desert lands in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Iraq, so that British empire would establish oil colonies in Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. British Oil Imperialism and British secret services, Lawrence of Arabia promoted local bandits to harass Ottoman governors, and rewarded Abdul Aziz al Saud for the murder of Ottoman governor in Riyadh by recognizing Abdul Aziz Al Saud as the King of Saudi Arabia and King Faisal as King of Iraq. British Empire established Wahhabi House of al Saud in Saudi Arabia, and Wahhabi King Faisal in Iraq, to control oil fields of Iraq and Saudi Arabia. British Empire promoted King Faisal of Mecca to rule Iraq, because Wahhabi clergy of Mecca agreed to hand over oil resources to British in exchange for religious control over Mecca and Medina. Britain promoted and recognized the power of Islamic fundamentalism to overthrow the modern liberal Islamic regimes.

 

(2) West Promoted Islamic Fundamentalism

British secret services promoted Mohammed Ali Jinnah to harness the power of Islamic fundamentalism to break up Indian Empire. American oil colonialism replaced British oil colonialism in Saudi Arabia. Did the CIA agent Harold Wilson the British Prime Minister unilaterally gave independence to the oil-rich colonies of United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Qatar and Brunei to promote the colonial interests of American oil imperialism? Had Harold Wilson not given independence to Trucial States, formerly part of Indian Empire, Britain would have reemerged as great economic power.

 

Wahhabi fundamentalism, historically had been conceived by British and American oil imperialism to denigrate Islamic civilization as barbarian civilization, even when throughout Medieval Dark Age, from 700 AD to 1300 AD, Catholic West European represented uncivilized barbarian civilization and Islamic Arab world represented advance civilization. However, the Wahhabi takeover of the Islamic world by Mecca-based fundamentalists makes Islamic civilization and Islam as religion look very backward and barbarian when compared to the advance modern civilization of Christian Europe. Islamic terrorism and Wahhabi Sunni fundamentalism and Ayatollah’s Shiite fundamentalism represents Christian plot to paint Islam and Islamic civilization in the image of uncivilized barbarians.

 

(3) Wahhabi Tool of Oil Colonialism

Christian United States, Britain and Papacy united to promote Wahhabi Sunni terrorism and Ayatollah’s Shiite terrorism, so long as Wahhabi and Ayatollahs agreed to transform their oil-rich countries into America’s oil colonies. President Jimmy Carter legitimized Shiite Ayatollah’s medieval fundamentalism. President Ronald Reagan legitimized Sunni Wahhabi Mujahideen fundamentalism. President Dwight Eisenhower legitimized the political leadership of Abdul Aziz al Saud and religious leadership of Mecca’s Wahhabi clergy, in exchange for making Saudi Arabia an American Colony. British Empire imposed the rule of Mecca-based King Faisal over Iraq in exchange for making Iraq British oil colony.

 

United States supported the military coup against King Faisal in Iraq, to make Iraq an American oil colony. America engineered the military coup against King Idris to make Libya the American oil colonies. It is no wonder that Col Gadhafy of Libya and Saddam Hussein of Iraq had been the CIA agents, when they usurped political power and continued to be the CIA agents, during the consolidation of their political power in Libya and Iraq respectively. Neither Gadhafy nor Saddam Hussein nor Ayatollah Khomeini ever challenged American oil colonialism in Libya, Iraq and Iran, respectively. Saddam Hussein, M. Gadhafy and Ayatollah Khomeini were the CIA’s trusted spies and agents and they worked hard toward making Iraq, Libya and Iran profitable American oil colonies, respectively. In the similar manner, Osama bin Laden could be loyal CIA agent who worked hard towards making Afghanistan a loyal American oil colony, a key region situated on the Turkmenistan oil and gas pipeline’s southward route to Arabian Sea and India.

 

Wahhabi Mecca and archconservative Vatican have united to wage wars on liberalism, modernism and women’s rights throughout Islamic and Christian world. Islamic Mujahideen terrorism and the CIA are united to wage on patriotic modern Muslims, to pave the way for making American oil colonies throughout oil-producing Islamic world. Wahhabi religious fundamentalism and Islamic terrorism are the instruments of American foreign policy to promote the national interests of American Oil Empire, in the Islamic world. No wonder educated patriotic Muslim women, condemn Mecca’s Wahhabi Clergy and Wahhabi militants as stooges of Christian Oil Empire, conspiring to subvert the sovereignty of the Islamic oil-producing nations.

 

Like the 18th century black slave traders of Africa, the Wahhabi clergy are the modern day Muslim slave traders working for American oil colonialism to impose political and economic rule of American Oil Colonial Empires throughout oil-producing Islamic world. The growing Wahhabi-CIA nexus would make entire Arab world and oil-rich Islamic world part of American Colonial Empire. Loss of sovereignty of the Islamic world would not harm the national interests of Hindu India and Buddhist China. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and UAE as integral part of United States would not harm the national interests of Hindu India. Papal rule over Holy Land, Mecca and Medina would not harm Hindu and Buddhist interests. Because of the Wahhabi-Vatican-CIA nexus, most of the oil-producing Islamic nations would lose sovereignty and independence and become American Oil Colonies in the first half of the 21st Century. Islamic lands would come under the military and political occupation of Christian nations, with the consent of the Mecca-based Wahhabi clergy. Wahhabi Sect is the Christian plot to conquer and enslave the oil-rich Arab world. Wahhabi clergy and Wahhabi terrorists are loyal servants of American oil colonialism. Pentagon’s conquest of oil-producing Arab world would not harm India’s national interests. President Bush’s war on oil-rich Iraq does not harm India’s national interests, though India may expect to get guaranteed supply of Arab crude oil at substantial price discounts.

 

(4) India Favors Yankee Petro-Colonialism

Hindu India ready willing and capable to act as the loyal lieutenant of American neo-colonial Big Oil to create Pax Oil-Americana, to control the gateways of world’s oil and gas reserves, to maintain American hegemony of world’s oil and gas resources, in exchange for highly subsidized or free oil and gas for growing Indian economy. However, whenever United States promoted Pope’s proselytizing interests then Hindu India and Christian United States became adversaries in the global clash of races. However, whenever United States would wage colonial wars for creating American oil-colonies to enforce America’s dominance over global oil and gas resources, India and United States could become bosom friends. India wants to leverage its surplus military manpower to deploy it to create American neo-colonial oil colonies, in exchange for economic and political rewards. Christian United States would find Hindu India, very loyal ally in consolidating American’s imperial stronghold throughout Islamic oil-producing world. Hindu India cannot live with the exercise of America’s military might in exercise of the Christian proselytizing efforts. However, Hindu India can live with Pentagon’s neo-colonial war efforts to create and control American Oil Empire. Hindu India would lover to give up to 10 million Indian soldiers as India’s contribution for deployment in war theaters for American Oil Wars, worldwide. India loves and welcomes American oil imperialism and wants to become a dependable ally in the oil wars.

 

(i) DECLINE OF BRITISH OIL IMPERIALISM: British Oil Imperialism overshadowed American oil imperialism in control over Middle East oil before the Second World War. Before 1945, the Indian Empire and British Empire controlled 100 per cent of Iranian oil and 47.5 percent of Iraqi oil; the U.S. interest was only 23.75 per cent in Iraq equal to France's interest in Iraq oil. After 1945, the control over Middle East oil has changed radically; in 1959 the U.S. share rose to 50 per cent of all Middle East oil, while that of Britain declined to 18 per cent, and France had 5 per cent, the Netherlands 3 per cent, other, including the local Arab governments, 24 percent. After the end of the Cold War the Western oil imperialism is really United States imperialism. The driving doctrine of US foreign policy since the 1940’s after the Second World War is to control the vast energy resources of the Muslim oil-producing nations of the Gulf region, many of these nations had been under British colonial occupation and influence. United States undermined the imperial aspirations of the British Empire, which had survived the Second World War, by covert operations to politically eliminate assertive Churchill-type British leaders. If Oil Imperialism had replaced traditional colonialism then why the hell labor Prime Minister Harold Wilson gave independence to oil-rich colonies of Brunei, United Arab Emirates in 1968? Some skeptics argue that British Prime Minister Harold Wilson could be a CIA spy. Prime Minister Tony Blair's loyalty to president George Bush looks like slow political suicide for the legacy of British Empire, which included almost all oil-producing Muslim countries, including Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Malaysia and Brunei. President Truman had asked Prime Minister Winston Churchill to transfer half of the British colonies, in exchange for British war debts, which Churchill promptly rejected. Foreign covert operations resulted in the electoral defeat of Winston Churchill, and the subsequent Labour government gave independence to India.

 

(ii) GREAT GAME OF OIL COLONIALISM: Control and domination over oil and natural gas resources is the key element of the Great Power Game in the 21st Century between old players United States and Russia. China, India, Japan, Germany and France are the new players in the Great Power Oil Game in the post-Cold War age. After the Second World War, United States replaced Britain and consolidated its domination over oil and gas producing former colonies of British Empire, namely, Iraq, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Iran, Nigeria, Qatar, Oman, Malaysia, Brunei and Bangladesh. After the end of the Cold War, United States seeks colonial control over former Soviet Central Asian republics, namely, Caspian Sea oil rich nations, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. Pentagon wants to do to Russia in 21st Century what it did to Britain after 1945. Should India and China join Russia or United States in the Great Power Oil Game in Caspian Central Asia?

 

(iii) OIL IS BASIS OF NEO-COLONIALISM: New colonial empires of the 21st Century are formed over the control over oil and gas resources of militarily weaker, less densely populated oil-producing nations. Spain and Portugal discovered New World of North America and South America searching for the sea routes to India to secure new sources of Spice, the key ingredient for the preservation of meat during winter season. Spain conquered Inca, Maya and Aztec Civilizations and Empires to loot Inca, Maya and Aztec gold. Anglo Saxon United States and Britain depopulated the indigenous peoples in North America and Australia to loot the land of American Indians and Australian Aborigines. America’s post-second world war neo-colonial empires based upon America’s political, diplomatic, economic and military control upon less-populated oil producing Muslim countries, which continue to enjoy unbridled religious freedom.

 

(iv) AMERICA’S OIL COLONIES: Christian United States exercises total or partial control over following oil-producing countries with large oil and gas reserves, namely Saudi Arabia (261,750 million barrels MB, 1st rank in oil reserves), United Arab Emirates (97,800 MB, 3rd largest reserves), Kuwait (96,500 MB, 4th rank), Venezuela (77,685 MB, 6th rank), Mexico (26,941 MB, 9th rank), Nigeria (24,000 MB, 10th rank), Qatar (15,207 MB, 13th rank), Oman (5,506 MB, 17th rank), Angola (5,412 MB, 19th rank), and Indonesia (5,000 MB, 20th rank). United States has declared its diplomatic goal to bring under American control the oil reserves of Axis of Evil nations during Bush administration, namely, Iraq (112,500 MB, 2nd largest reserves), Iran (89,700 MB, 5th largest reserves), and Libya (29,500 MB, 8th largest reserves). Only countries that have large gas and oil reserves and still out of American sphere of influence are, Russia (48,573 MB, 7th largest reserves), China (24,000 MB, 11th largest reserves), Norway (9,947 MB, 14th largest reserves), and Brazil (8,465 MB, 16th largest reserves). The post-second world war foreign policy of the United States based on the principle of neo-colonial, political and economic domination of oil-producing nations of the world.

 

(v) HEGEMONY OF WESTERN CHRISTENDOM: The sole superpower United States and US-led 26-member NATO enjoys unprecedented military preponderance in 21st Century, like which only Indian Empire and British Empire enjoyed during 19th Century. Would United States and US-led NATO control over Caspian oil and gas resources, result in America’s neo-colonial occupation of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan? The US-led NATO includes almost all states of Western Europe as well as Eastern Europe, and eastward expansion of NATO resulted in permanent NATO military bases in Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. The white Christian world, West European as well as east European, Western Christendom as well as Eastern Orthodoxy, has united economically under European Union and militarily under US-led NATO, and reopened the contiguous Eurasian continental land bridge from Bosporus to Afghanistan, to claim America’s dominance and control over newly discovered oil and gas reserves of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, and to herald the return of the Age of Colonial Empires of 21st Century.

 

(vi) CASPIAN GREAT OIL GAME: The disintegration of Soviet Empire and the independence of the oil-producing nations stretching from Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan provide a new land bridge between oil-hungry Europe, and oil-hungry China and oil-hungry India. Pentagon and NATO has retraced the land route of Alexander-the-Great from Greece to Afghanistan, to develop permanent military bases in Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan, raising the specter of new Alexandrian dream of world conquest. NATO and Europe could retrace the route of Alexander to recreate European colonial oil-colonies in Central Asia. The opening of the Central Asian corridor also allows China retrace the expansionist route of Mongol Armies that had conquered Baghdad Caliphate and ruled the entire oil-producing Muslim world. China can also invade and conquer Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia and expand landward through the Central Asian land corridor. Whosoever controls the Central Asia controls the land routes of the ancient Silk Route that sits on the crossroads of Europe, Middle East, South Asia, China and Russia. The railway line would follow the Turkmenistan oil-gas pipeline. The transportation of people and goods by railways would match the transportation of oil and gas by pipelines, and redraw the geopolitical map of the world. Since, oil is the Achilles’ heel of the west and the United States, the Eurasian land powers, India, China and Russia may checkmate sea power and airpower United States by occupying selected oil-producing nations in the Middle East and Caspian Central Asia. Most likely the Middle East and Caspian Central Asia would become the theater of Third World War. Asian land powers can undermine the economic dominance of United States and European Union by challenging the American dominance over Arabian and Caspian oil and gas resources. Loss of American dominance over Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Iraq, Iran and Azerbaijan would cost America more than the direct nuclear attack. Since Muslim oil-producing nations are the Achilles’ heel of the United States, Asian land powers, China, Russia and India can severely threaten America’s economic and military dominance by threatening the OPEC and Caspian oil-rich nations. Military attack on OPEC and Caspian oil-rich nations would harm America more than the direct attack on United States.

 

(vii) 21ST CENTURY LIKE 18TH & 19TH: The diplomacy of the great powers in the 21st Century would be the replay of the 18th and 19th Century colonial and imperial diplomacy. Did the rise of United States result in the decline of its economic rivals, namely, Japan, Germany and France? Do the national as well as economic oil interests of Japan, Germany, France and India in Caspian oil basin coincides and could these nations develop common Caspian oil-diplomacy to checkmate Pentagon’s colonial designs on Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan. Could China, Russia and India develop common Asian response to American and West European colonial aspirations in oil-rich former Soviet republics in Caspian Central Asia? Could Aryan India and Aryan Pakistan, set aside religious differences, to consolidate racial and common civilization ties with oil-rich Aryan Turkmenistan, Aryan Uzbekistan and Aryan Kazakhstan to develop common South Asian response to checkmate Christian American colonial aspirations to control the oil and gas riches of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, so that the Caspian oil and gas riches make India and Pakistan economic super powers of the 21st Century? Why should Muslim Pakistan and Hindu India and Buddhist China allow Christian United States and Christian NATO secure neo-colonial occupation of oil-rich Muslim oil-producing nations, when India, China and Pakistan could instead control these Caspian Aryan Muslim oil-riches to enrich yellow Chinese Civilization and brown Indian-Pakistan Aryan Civilization?

 

(viii) CASPIAN OIL GATEWAY FOR INDIA: By exercising judicious control over the Caspian oil and gas resources the economies of China, India and Pakistan could rival those of European union and NAFTA in a decade. God opened up the hidden riches of oil and gas reserves of Aryan Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to make 1.3 billion Aryan Indians and Aryan Pakistanis rich, wealthy and prosperous, so that India could regain in 21st century, India’s historical share of world’s manufactured goods, which in 1750 AD represented 24.5 percent of world’s total manufactured goods. India and China has no option but to compete with United States for neo-colonial control and influence over Caspian oil and gas resources and Dauletabad-Delhi pipeline, the 48-inch diameter 1,300-mile Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India oil and gas pipeline. Caspian Great Power Oil-Game underway would determine the fate of world balance of power and could undermine United States control over Wahhabi oil-rich OAPEC nations.

 

(ix) OIL INTERESTED LEGITIMIZE WAHHABI: Catholics interests and American oil interests legitimized barbarian Wahhabi doctrine, which is practiced only on Arabian Peninsula desert land, primarily to transfer political power to the fundamentalist clergy, who can be bought more cheaply than the democratic or aristocratic political leadership. Afghan Taliban and Wahhabi clergy could whip Afghan public into submission, especially modern women, so that Big Oil could reap all profits after sharing the loot with selected member of the Muslim clergy. British Empire and British oil interests militarily supported the Wahhabi rebels in Arabia to loosen the grip of Ottoman Empire and Kemalist Turkey. Democratic movements or modernization of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and UAE would have challenged the monopoly of the American Big Oil, these illiterate Muslim clergy was content with small portion of the Oil-loot. It appears that Big Oil created and nurtured Osama Bin Laden, Taliban and Mohammad Omar in Afghanistan, because Big Oil felt more comfortable with Taliban terrorists than with politically elected leaders. Big Oil knew that Taliban and Osama Bin Laden no different than Saudi House of Al Saud. The CIA and the Big Oil overthrew the democratically elected government of Prime Minister Nawaj Sharief because the business family of Nawaj Sharief would have demanded bigger pie of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan oil and gas pipeline, while coup-leader Pervez Musharraf would be content with much smaller bribe. The CIA and Big Oil overthrew the democratically elected government of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto because her husband Asif Ali Zardari sought bigger role for Pakistani capitalists in Turkmenistan oil pipeline.

 

(x) INDIA MARKET FOR TURKMEN GAS: The oil and gas resources of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan would have to sell at great discount over OPEC benchmark to absorb the overland pipeline transportation cost to seaport oil-terminals in Arabian Sea, Black Sea or Mediterranean Sea. The 3,0000-mile pipeline to connect Kazakhstan oilfields to Xinjian province in China makes Caspian oil and gas prohibitively expensive for Chinese pacific coast metropolises of Hong Kong, Beijing and Shanghai. India and Pakistan are the two major markets, where the 1,300-mile Dauletabad-Delhi oil pipeline would earn best dollars for Caspian oil and gas. The Caspian gas and oil of Aryan Turkmenistan and Aryan Uzbekistan destined for large markets of Aryan India and Aryan Pakistan. The oil and gas reserves of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan can make Indians and Pakistanis richer than Kuwaitis and Saudis. This is the argument the author makes in this chapter.

 

28(4) Caspian Oil Diplomacy

(1) INDIA DREAMS TURKMENISTAN OIL: Nuclear India, the world’s fourth largest economy, the world’s second largest population, home of one-sixth of the mankind, has decided to compete with United States and NATO for the control over the extraction and pipeline transportation of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas resources. God has unearthed the oil and gas riches of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan the homelands of Emperor Babur the founder of Indian Mughal Dynasty, and nuclear India must rise to the occasion and bring Aryan Turkmenistan and Aryan Uzbekistan back into the fold of Aryan Indian Economy. Nuclear India has become wise by the diplomacy of deception President Bush played in Afghanistan, when United States secured military bases in reluctant Pakistan because naïve Indian foreign minister Jaswant Singh offered military bases to American troops, for America’s war on Islamic terrorism in Afghanistan. United States misused the compassion of India, China and Russia felt over Wahhabi Saudi terrorist attacks of 9/11 to develop permanent military bases in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Georgia and Azerbaijan and to permanently place NATO troops in Afghanistan.

 

(2) NATO IN AFGHANISTAN AFTER ALEXANDER: Any student of Indian history realizes that European military presence in Afghanistan is a significant geopolitical military event as it creates direct landward infantry link from Christian Europe to Hindu India, first time after the Alexander the great invasion of India, 2,000 years ago. American control over Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas and Afghanistan Baluchistan oil and gas pipeline, would allow white Christian NATO plan future conquest of India and Pakistan. It is high time that leaders of Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan realize that the permanent military bases of white Christian NATO threatens the freedom, independence and integrity of entire Indian subcontinent. Neither India nor Pakistan should forget that throughout history invaders have attacked India from the north of the Khyber Pass. India, Pakistan and Afghanistan must do whatever it takes to expel permanent American and NATO military presence from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan. India and Pakistan can consume all the oil and gas that Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan could produce and transport via oil and gas pipeline to Pakistan and India.

 

(3) INDIA PAKISTAN SHARE TURKMEN OIL: Aryan India and Aryan Pakistan must join forces to secure economic and military control over Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas reserves as it would make 1,500 billion people of South Asia develop very wealthy, prosperous and advance industrial economy. India, Pakistan and Afghanistan join forces and control the oil and gas fields of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and 790-mile 48-inch oil and gas pipeline from Turkmenistan border to Heart, Kandhar, Quetta to Multan, and 400-mile Multan-Delhi pipeline, and 105-mile Turkmenistan border to Dauletabad Field pipeline, total of 1,300-mile oil & gas pipelines. India and Pakistan must not allow the United States, China and Russia dominate and control the oil and gas fields and Caucasian Afghan oil pipeline. The GDP at PPP of four largest economies in 2001 are: USA ($8.4 trillion), China ($4.1 trillion), Japan ($3 trillion) and India ($2.2 trillion). The combined GNP of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh could overtake the GNP of China in five years if India and Pakistan succeed to gain control over extraction, and transportation and marketing of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas. Once India and Pakistan gain control over Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas and Dauletabad-Delhi pipeline, then within five years the combined GNP of South Asia could equal the combined GNP of European Union. India fully realizes that by controlling Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan India may rival United States as the economic, military, academic, scientific, social and cultural super power of the world. The federation of India and Turkmenistan would rival United States. Caspian oil and gas reserves fall under India’s legitimate sphere of influence. Hindu India should risk more than 10 million Indian lives to gain control over Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas and control over Dauletabad-Delhi oil and gas pipeline.

 

(4) OIL IS SPICE OF 21ST CENTURY’S EMPIRES: The European colonial empire started the age of colonialism because of the economic need of Western Europe to find the alternative route to India to secure the Spices the essential ingredient for the preservation of meat. The new age of colonial empires in 21st century would begin because of free for all competition among Great Powers for the colonial-era type control over the thinly populated militarily vulnerable oil-producing nations of Asia, Africa and Latin America. India, Russia, China, Japan, Germany and France would compete headlong with United States for the control over the oil-rich oil and gas reserves of Caspian Central Asia, Arabian Gulf and Middle East. Conquest and domination of militarily weak oil-producing nations became a legitimate Great Power Game in the Third Millennium. Just as European colonial powers justified in terms of spreading Christian Civilization the Christian massacre and loot of gold and lands of the indigenous peoples of Africa, Americas, Australia and Asia, President Bush camouflaged the eastward expansion of NATO to Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan in terms of America’s War on Islamic terrorism. Camouflaged by the Diplomacy of Deception and Newspeak of War on Islamic terrorism on Taliban-led Afghanistan, underlies the Realpolitik of Diplomacy of Pipelines and geopolitics of Oil and gas reserves of Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan.

 

(5) GREAT POWER CASPIAN OIL GAME: Great Power Game of 21st Century is the control over production and transportation of Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan oil and gas reserves. Why should India and China let United States steal the black gold in oil and gas wealth of Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan under the nose of India and China? The oil wealth of Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan would determine the outcome of the Global Clash of Races in the 21st Century. President Bush invaded Afghanistan not to punish Osama Bin Laden for the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 on New York and Pentagon, but to secure America’s control over Turkmenistan oil and natural gas wealth.

 

(6) INDIA CHINA TO SHARE OIL INFLUENCE: India and China should enter the Afghanistan war to secure India’s and China’s control over Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan oil wealth, so that India and China could rival United States as economic super power. Control and conquest of the oil-producing thinly populated nations is the fair legitimate diplomatic game in the Great Power Game underway in the Central Asia. Should India, China, Russia and Iran join forces to challenge the America’s military dominance of the oil-producing Middle East and dominance of the American oil companies in gulf-oil markets? Since nuclear weapons rules out any full-scale wars among world powers, contest for diplomatic, political and economic control over oil-producing militarily weaker nations, like Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Libya, Algeria, and UAE, becomes legitimate diplomatic maneuvers of great Powers in the 21st Century. The Caspian Central Asia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan has more than 6 percent of the world's proven oil reserves and almost 40 percent of its gas reserves.

 

(7) CHINA AS NEW OIL PLAYER: In about a decade there will be an important new player on the global oil market. The consensus is that within ten to fifteen years, China will consume as much oil as the U.S. is consuming today. And about 75 percent of new oil production will be imported by China. The politics of oil has gotten another major player, an economic superpower challenger to agitate the political cauldron. It is in the common national interest of China and India to foil American designs to control and dominate the Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas fields and Caspian oil and gas pipelines. India and China should join forces to maintain joint India-China control over Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas.

 

(8) DEPLETING WESTERN OIL RESERVES: The combined total of proven and estimated reserves in the region stands at more than 800 billion barrels of crude petroleum and its equivalent in natural gas. By contrast, the combined total of oil reserves in the Americas and Europe is less than 160 billion barrels, most of which, will have been exhausted in the next 25 years.

 

(9) BALUCHISTAN AFGHANISTAN UNION: United States must encourage the secession of Baluchistan province from Pakistan. Baluchistan Afghanistan federation would provide uninterrupted oil-pipeline route from Afghanistan to Baluchistan port of Gwadar. Baluchistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan would form Aryan Islamic Confederation, and gain direct access to the Arabian Sea and become independent of Russian sea outlets. The secession of Baluchistan Province and Pustun NWFP Frontier province would resolve ethnic rivalries in Pakistan and promote regional peace. India has the proven expertise to partition Pakistan. It is in the national interest of the United States to partition Pakistan and recognize the independence of Baluchistan. Secession of Baluchistan would create a trouble free Turkmenistan-Baluchistan pipeline, or Dauletababd-Gwadar pipeline to transport Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas resources to India, and to Asia. India partitioned Pakistan in 1971, to engineer the creation of sovereign, independent Bangladesh formerly known as East Pakistan. India should engineer the Second Partition of Pakistan sometime before 2010, to engineer the creation of independent, sovereign Baluchistan. Indian should also promote the Aryan Confederation of Baluchistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan.

 

(10) ARABIAN GULF AS INDIAN LAKE: As late as 1965 Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Trucial States (UAE), Muscat & Oman and Kuwait were parts of the Indian Rupee Zone and kept their foreign currency reserves in Indian currency. India is the strongest military power from Morocco to Indonesia. The unheard of oil and gas reserves of Turkmenistan provide India a historical opportunity to emerge as the economic super power. Control of overseas oil-reserves determines the foreign policy of United States. India should challenge United States and assert India’s right as world power to couple of oil-producing nations, such as Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan to become wealthier by exploiting their oil and gas resources through Indian oil companies. India should develop military alliances with Iran, Russia and China to challenge America’s proposed domination of Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan oil and gas fields and reserves. Can India or should India dream of enjoying colonial-type control over Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan oil and gas wealth as a means to make India rich and wealthy economic power. Should India risk 10 million Indian lives to attempt the colonial-type control over Turkmenistan oil and gas wealth and control the Turkmenistan oil and gas pipeline snaking southward through Iran or through Afghanistan and Baluchistan? Why should nuclear India give up the possibility of becoming the rich and wealthy nation of one billion people, just by occupying and controlling the oil and gas reserves of Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan? Let the Third World War begin to decide the fate of the Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan oil and gas fields. India should be willing to split profits with Pakistan and Iran after the conquest and control of Turkmenistan oil and gas reserves.

 

(11) RUSSIA-INDIA 1909 PAMIR SETTLEMENT: Throughout 19th century as late as 1909 Pamir settlement, the Indian Empire and Russian empires competed for influence in Afghanistan and Central Asia, and in 1909 the Amur River was settled as the boundary separating the spheres of influence of Indian Empire and Russian Empire. The struggle for Great Power influence in Central Asia is the last great oil rush, as the West tries to reduce dependence on the Gulf.

 

(12) OIL WAS THE CAUSE OF WORLD WARS: The Middle East conflict, the Afghanistan war, the attempted coup in Venezuela underneath all the talk about religion and ideology as causes of War, there's another factor that ties all the other causes of war together, that cementing factor is the black viscous substance that has made countries go to war since its ability to power economies was discovered more than a century ago, the Oil. The fight to get oil and natural gas, to control its sources and transportation by container vessels or by oil pipelines, is behind major conflicts around the world today. Governments do not readily acknowledge the Oil's critical role in regional conflicts and civil wars. It is clear that politics was the only power behind the oil business. For decades, the corrupt politicians in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Nigeria, Indonesia, Oman and Venezuela lived off oil kickbacks, siphoning governmental funds for themselves. Oil as the cause of never-ending international wars, sometimes hot wars, but invariably trade wars. In the Middle East, from the beginning of the 20th Century, the British used maritime power to ensure they controlled the big sources of oil in Iraq and then Saudi Arabia.

 

(13) OIL WAR TO DENY RIVAL THE CONTROL: Oil, fueled World War I. British and the French competed for the Middle East oil supplies, then the British and the Germans contested for the control of Middle East oil. The oil war that started with the First world never really ended, and continues today. The world is in the state of a permanent war for the control of oil and natural gas supplies. An Oil war is not only when you are shooting at some people, it is also war when you are fighting to monopolize share of the oil market. Every powerful country uses powerful weapons to fight the others and get a bigger share of world trade, and that's where energy matters, because he who controls the oil and gas energy controls the world trade. Only when one controls the oil and gas fields and oil and gas pipelines that on controls the price of the oil and gas products and the oil market. Securing oil and gas energy products means more than just having the money to buy it. If you don't control the source of oil and gas and you think you will buy oil on the Rotterdam market on spot, you make a very big mistake. In the spot market, purchases are made on the spot at the price of the moment, not by advance contract. The 21st century high-tech, materialistic civilization is vulnerable to the supply of oil and gas and will collapse without appropriate and secure supplies of oil and gas. It's not the price of gas and oil that matters as much as the assured supply of oil and gas. America has coped with price increases several times in the past decades. The issue for the white House is to guarantee the safe and plentiful sources of oil and gas reserves for decades to come. The goal of America is to secure great amounts of oil and gas energy without cheating the oil and gas producers too much, so that the hostile powers do not undermine America’s control and influence over oil-producing nations.

 

(13) CONTROL OIL AT SOURCE & PIPELINE: Oil must be controlled at the well from the beginning and then the transport, the refining, everything. If you don't control the source of oil, you don't control anything. If I don't control oil, you will control oil. Any nation, which could corner the world oil markets, would become the number one economic and military power in the world, barring a nuclear attack from super powers. To secure its source of oil, the Americans made a decision to back the Saudi monarchy of House of Al-Saud from the 1930's; the final official American backing was given in 1945 under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. That was a good decision that assured more than 60 years of consistent energy policy and both economic and political stability in the Middle East. But the economic imperative runs into the political one. Among the main oil providers are Saudi Arabia, Russia, Canada, Mexico, Venezuela, and Nigeria. The largest sources of oil are located in regions where human, religious and economic problems are acute -- Central Asia, the Middle East, North and Central Africa. Oil-political power relations have been stirred by upheavals and conflicts in the Soviet bloc and the Middle East. Wrong decisions on oil issues can haunt big powers for decades.

 

(14) SOVIET AFGHAN INVASION FOR PIPELINE: Soviet Union had invaded Afghanistan primarily to control Afghanistan and to develop Afghanistan as route for its oil-pipe lines. This was the reason that Soviet Union wanted closer ties with Pakistan. President Reagan financed Afghan Mujahideens to chase Soviet troops out of Afghanistan to deny outlet for Soviet oil-pipelines through Afghanistan. Hindu India should have joined the Afghan war on the side of Soviet troops, as it would have denied Pakistan base in Afghanistan. Afghans had always hated Pakistan. When the Al Qaeda, Osama Bin Laden and Taliban first emerged as the dominant power in Afghanistan after 1995, with the direct military and financial help from Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Pakistan, President Bill Clinton and Secretary Madeleine Albright tried to maintain good relations with the Islamic fundamentalists. This arrangement continued despite the obvious discrimination being instituted against the women of Afghanistan and the attack on basic human rights for all Afghanis.

 

(15) OIL INTERESTS OF GERMANY & JAPAN: In Caspian oil basin the economic, military and national interests Germany, France and Japan coincide with those of India and China and conflict with those of United States and Russia. India, China, Japan, Germany and France should develop common Caspian oil and gas diplomacy to foil the NATO and Pentagon dreams for the American domination and control over Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan oil and gas resources. There is a growing concern within Europe Union, especially France and Germany over the direction of the Pentagon’s military campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq or lack of it. France and Germany fear that the United States will be the sole beneficiary of the war against Afghanistan and war against Iraq. The economic, military and oil interests of France, Germany, Japan, China, and India in Central Asia conflict with those of United States and US-led NATO. Clearly, the America wants to maintain control not only over the American corporate oil-profits, but also to leverage its control over oil-resources to beat the economic competition of Germany and Japan, its economic competitors. With the U.S. military in control of the transportation of oil, competitors such as Japan, Germany, and France will be forced to cooperate with United States in order to oil their economic infrastructures. Oil interests justify permanent American military presence in the Arabian Gulf and Afghanistan driven by oil. Afghanistan is located in land-locked Central Asia an area that America and American oil companies must dominate in order to retain control over the world's oil resources. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the new development of oil reserves in the Central Asian states, there are huge profits to be made by those who can control the extraction and distribution of oil in Central Asia. Germany, France and Japan should align with India to challenge America’s domination and control over Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan oil and gas production, transportation and distribution.

 

(16) CASPIAN OIL PIPELINE DIPLOMACY: It would be stupid for Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan to voluntarily become colony of American oil companies just to check Russian ambitions. The Oil Pipeline Diplomacy and the control of Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan oil-pipeline has great geopolitical significance due to the fact that the country that eventually turns out to be the outlet for energy would acquire significant privileges. Therefore, apart from the economic considerations and political parameters, the geopolitical and military parameters have also been injected into the picture, with the United States, India, Pakistan, Iran, Germany, Turkey and Russia taking a keen interest in the developments pertaining to the oil pipeline in the Afghanistan and Baluchistan region. The Pipeline diplomacy as it is called, has assumed new dimensions and political rivalry between Russia, United States, Iran, China, India, Pakistan, Turkey on the determination of the final pipeline route has started and continue to be the most important military determinant that could flare up Third World War. India considers the Central Asian oil bonanza belongs to India as Indian Empire and Russian Empire played the Great Power Game in the Central Asia in the 19th Century that resulted in the 1909 Pamir Settlement. Control over oil reserves of Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan would make India economic super power. Unless India is guaranteed half of the incomes of the Turkmenistan oil and gas incomes, it would not allow western powers to gain control over Turkmenistan.

 

(17) CASPIAN PIPELINE SECURES FREEDOM: American policy is to promote the rapid development of Caspian Sea and Central Asian oil reserves to make them increasingly independent of Russia. America doing so specifically to promote the independence of these oil-rich countries, to in essence break Russia's monopoly control over the transportation of oil from the Central Asian region, and to promote Western energy security through diversification of supply. The White House strategy toward Russia aimed to weakening Russia’s international position and ousting Russia from strategically important regions of the world, especially the Caspian region: the Trans-Caucasus and Central Asia. The circumstances in the world have shifted. In a year or two, or three, we'll see considerably different arrangement in the globe than existed prior to September 11 because the event is of that magnitude. Decade ago, many republics of the former Soviet Union declared their independence across a sweeping arc of the Eurasian landmass--tearing the whole southern half of the Soviet Union from Russia. This region contains many of the world's largest and most undeveloped sources of energy, vast oil and gas fields starting at the oil city of Baku on the Caspian Sea and stretching eastward through the five countries known as the Central Asian Republics (CARs), Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Geopolitical control of oil means economic control of countries that need that oil. It is geopolitical lifeblood of modern empire.

 

(18) INDIA RUSSIA IRAN IN GREAT GAME: Throughout the 19th century, the expanding Russian Empire and Indian-British Empire fought over control of Afghanistan and Central Asia, in a colonial contest for power that the British called the "Great Game." Today, oil has become the focus of the "New Great Game" for the Caspian region. If a America-built Central Asian oil-pipeline goes south through Afghanistan to Baluchistan Pakistan, Russia loses control in the Central Asian Republics, and the America gains power over Central Asian Republics as well as those who use Central Asian oil, especially Pakistan and India. American oil companies have poured billions of dollars into exploration, infrastructure, massive bribes, and military build-ups in Central Asia, from 1990 onwards. And yet, after ten years, almost no Caspian oil or gas is reaching the world market. Even if American succeeds in building the Central Asian oil-pipelines, and develops the Central Asian oil-fields, what is the guarantee that Russia and India would not be able to militarily takeover the production and distribution of central Asian oil facilities after they have become operational and profitable. India, Russia and Iran have a role to play in the extraction and distribution of Central Asian oil, whether America likes it or not. Whenever oil shipments via Central Asian oil-pipeline become operational and profitable, India and Russia should use military force to occupy the Central Asian oil facilities and Central Asian oil-pipelines, irrespective of the countries they pass through to directly sell the oil to the final consumers, bypassing the Western oil companies.

 

(19) WAR STARTED BY TERROR FOUGHT FOR OIL: Oil was not the trigger that started this Afghanistan War. The events of September 11 started the Afghanistan war. But Pentagon and Dick Cheney have also seized on these events to pursue goals of dominating the oil wealth of Central Asia. It is America’s pipe dream, which sets out the political objective that a pro-Western regime in Kabul would give American oil company Unocal an Afghan route for Caspian oil. President Bush may be genuine in its attempt to stamp out Islamic Wahhabi terrorism by military force in Afghanistan, however misguided that may be. But military thinkers would be naïve to believe that this is all that President Bush is doing in Afghanistan. This makes many analysts doubt whether the CIA might have planned a moderate version of the 9/11 attacks. Oil pipelines are fragile, vulnerable and extremely expensive. No capitalist wants to build a multi-billion-dollar pipeline unless they are sure that local governments can protect it. This brings us to Afghanistan and to the intense new U.S. war on Afghanistan. Afghanistan, which has no oil of its own, lies far away below the southern rim of Central Asia. But stability in Afghanistan is as important to the American pipeline plans now, as it was during War on Afghanistan.

 

(20) GEOPOLITICS OF OIL PIPELINE OUTLETS: He who controls the Caspian Oil and Gas Pipelines shall control the Caspian gas and oil reserves. Landlocked Caspian Oil and gas reserves have cash monetary value only when they are transported by oil and gas pipelines to India or to the oil-terminals at the seaports on Arabian Sea, Black Sea or Adriatic Sea. Control over oil and gas pipelines that transports gas and oil from Turkmenistan Dauletabad oilfields would control the supply and prices of the Turkmenistan oil and gas resources. Since oil fields in Central Asia are a long way from Europe, the Central Asian oil would meet the increasing demands of South Asia, South East Asia including China, which will be big customers for petroleum products. Central Asian oil-pipeline running south from the Turkmenistan oilfields through Afghanistan to Gwadar, a Baluchistan seaport on the Arabian Sea, would be ideal route to Asian eastern market. South Asia benefits if the Central Asian oil-gas pipeline passes through Afghanistan and Baluchistan and extended to India. India would support Afghanistan oil-pipeline linked to Baluchistan port oil-terminals if that pipeline is extended towards India. Otherwise India would prefer that Baluchistan secedes from Pakistan and joins into confederation with Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. Pakistani believes that Turkmenistan Afghanistan Baluchistan oil-pipeline will be Pakistan's gateway to Central Asia. Pakistan's ruling class hopes to be the point-of-entry for large amounts of Central Asian gas and oil--including for Japan and South Korea, who are eager to diversify their source of oil, which at present heavily dependent on Arabian gulf oil supplies. The Afghanistan Pakistan gas pipeline expected to pass through to India. This would give Pakistan major leverage over India, its longtime South Asian enemy, and draw both of those countries much farther into western economic networks. The security interests of India should be taken into account for the Afghanistan-Baluchistan oil-pipeline to transport Central Asian to become successful. India has the military capability to scuttle this project. India has a legitimate role to play in every central Asian oil-pipeline project, as it directly affects the security of India. 

 

(21) CENTRAL ASIAN OIL SILK ROAD: Russia has regained control of the best potential pipeline routes. The new Silk Road is destined to become a Russian energy superhighway. The America’s ouster of the Taliban regime also means Pakistan has lost its former influence over Afghanistan and is now cut off from Central Asia's resources. So long as the Northern Alliance holds power in the northern Afghanistan and Mazar-I-sharif America is equally denied access to the much-coveted Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas reserves.

 

(22) PENTAGON REGAINS CASPIAN INFLUENCE: The power balance has shifted back in the US direction. The US now has troops positioned in Georgia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan, effectively balancing the presence of Russian troops and pipelines in Central Asia. It would appear that, so far, cooler heads in both Moscow and Washington have moved to avoid a head-on conflict in either Afghanistan or the Caspian basin.

 

(23) OIL COMPANIES LACK PATRIOTISM: But the large multinational oil companies no longer have any nationality: they are multinationals and they do not care about the interests of such or such country; and they only care about their own financial interests. Their mantra, their patria is money. Big Oil companies will continue to deal with whoever is in power they deal with nations, not with persons. The Big Oil companies know that persons, politicians and ministers come and go, but nations remain and they are interested in the oil wealth. For American Big Oil companies, the diplomacy of the countries involved is not quite as important as getting contracts as long as they have some protection from the American government. Big Oil politics is like a big department store that wants to keep its customers happy. It does many things for them and gives them all kinds of deals and freebees. The American government as well as American oil companies does the same with oil producing countries, including OPEC countries, Nigeria, Indonesia and Brunei. America and Big Oil cultivates and nurtures rulers in the oil producing countries. When America government say stop, large oil company would also pretend to stop, but they do not care what smaller governments say. If the government does not interfere, they go where the money is. In Big Oil business and the oil and gas pipelines business, Big Oil will associate with almost any ruler to make a deal for a new pipeline or new oil blocks, leasing new oil blocks offshore and onshore. Big Oil would readily deal with Devil if devil could guarantee new pipeline and new oil blocks. It is no wonder that Big Oil companies from America and Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates nurtured and financed Taliban, al Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden to secure a foothold in Afghanistan. India and Russia are free to cultivate Northern Alliance, based on the northern frontiers of Afghanistan to protect Indian and Russian oil interests in Afghanistan oil and gas pipeline. United States and Unocal would be willing to share sizeable part of its profits with Northern Alliance to gain their support for the protection of the oil and gas pipelines in the Northern region bordering Turkmenistan. In many ways Northern Alliance led by General Dostum holds the veto power over the financial and political viability of Afghan oil pipeline. India and Russia should militarily and financially back up Northern Alliance to protect India and Russia’s oil-interests in Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

 

28(5) History of Oil Wars

(1) Nine Oil Wars

The 1953 War on Iran, the 1956 War on Suez Canal, the 1964 Vietnam War, the 1979 Covert War to overthrow Shah of Iran, the 1979 Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan, the 1990 Iraq War, the 1999 Kosovo War, the 2001 Afghanistan War, the 2003 Iraq War, were oil wars waged to protect oil interests of the invader.

 

(1) 1953 FIRST OIL WAR ON IRAN: President Dwight Eisenhower (1953-1961) waged first Oil War by overthrowing the government of Iran, and restored Shah Mohammad Riza Pahlevi as ruler of Iran. Pentagon learnt in Iran that the CIA is more effective in changing unfavorable regimes by covert operations than Pentagon. United States installed Shah of Iran to control the Iranian oil. The expertise of covert operations and military coup that the CIA perfected in Iran in 1953, the CIA utilized in the murder of King Faisal of Iraq, murder of King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, and overthrowing King Idris of Libya, and coup headed by General Suharto in Indonesia years later.

 

(2) 1956 SECOND OIL WAR ON SUEZ-CANAL: In 1956 President Abdul Gamal Nasser of Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal. An Anglo-French-Israeli invasion of Egypt ensued. But a Soviet-American opposition to Britain-France invasion led to the withdrawal of British-French-Israeli invading forces. Britain and France invaded Suez Canal to protect the gulf and Iranian oil-supply route through Red Sea and Suez Canal.

 

(3) 1964 THIRD OIL WAR ON VIETNAM: President Lynden B. Johnson invaded Vietnam not to checkmate the southward expansion of Communism, but to protect the oil-fields of Malaysia, Brunei and Indonesia from falling like dominoes into hands of Communists. Henry Kissinger won the friendship of China by offering America’s support to Chinese takeover of Spartley Islands in South China Sea and to support Chinese claims over oil and gas reserves in the South China Sea bed.

 

(4) 1979 FOURTH OIL WAR: Ayatollah Khomeini was a loyal CIA spy and the CIA placed him into power in Tehran, by neutralizing military generals and prime minister Bani Sadr. Shah of Iran made the mistake of not handing over the political power to army generals. Carter Administration waged fourth oil war on Shah of Iran and heralded the rise of Islamic fundamentalism. President Jimmy Carter became the Father of Islamic Fundamentalism, when he legitimized the ultra-fundamentalist regime of Ayatollah Khomeini. Carter Administration did not overthrow Shah of Iran and sabotaged government of democratically elected Prime Minister Bani Sadr, not to stabilize Iran but to destabilize Iran and weaken Iran and increase America’s control over Iranian oil, so that Iran may not use its oil-resources to make Iran a great power, as Shah of Iran wanted Iran to be. President Jimmy Carter used Ayatollah Khomeini to remove Shah of Iran, just as President Reagan later used Osama in Laden to drive out Soviet troops from Afghanistan. President Jimmy Carter supported Ayatollah Khomeini in overthrowing the enlightened regime of Shah of Iran to control the Iranian oil as emperor Shah Mohammed Riza Pahlevi had become very ambitious and sought greater glory for Iran.

 

The Fourth oil war began in 1979 with the Islamic revolution in Iran. Iraq with the support of the France, United States, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait invaded Iran. A bloody war ensued lasting for eight years from 1980 to 1988. Nearly 1 million were killed; another million were maimed. Saudi Arabia and Kuwait paid many billions to support Iraq’s war efforts. When an oil-tanker war erupted in the Persian Gulf the United States sent its Seventh Fleet to the region and bombed Iranian oil installations at Khark. American forces also shot down an Iranian civilian plane killing over 280 passengers. United States supported Sunni regime of Saddam Hussein to check Shiite threats to Wahhabi Sunni domination over Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Bahrain, which have sizeable Shiite communities.

 

(5) 1979 FIFTH OIL WAR OF SOVIET INVASION OF AFGHANISTAN: Soviet Union attacked Afghanistan not to export Bolshevism and communism but to protect Soviet control over Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan India oil and gas pipeline, the very reason that impelled President Bush to attack Afghanistan in 2001. The fifth oil war was fought in Afghanistan. It began with the Soviet invasion of that country in 1979 and the Mujahedin resistance movement. Supported by the United States arms, Saudi petrodollars, and Pakistan military leadership, the Mujahedin finally drove the Soviets out in 1989. Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan to secure control over oil and gas pipelines to transport Turkmenistan oil and gas to outlets at Baluchistan port of Gwadar. Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan to control southern pipeline outlet for Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan oil and gas. Soviet Union had practiced policy of equidistance from India and Pakistan to secure Pakistan’s support for the Dauletabad-Multan-Gwadar oil-gas pipeline.

 

(6) 1990 SIXTH OIL WAR ON IRAQ: The assassination of Iraq’s King Faisal and Saudi Arabia’s King Faisal can be called the Covert Operations Oil War on Iraq and Saudi Arabia. The overthrow of President Sukarno by General Suharto was also Oil War for Indonesian Oil. The overthrow of King Idris of Libya was also Oil War for control over Libyan oil. It is no accident that Iraq’s Saddam Hussein, Libya’s M. Gadhafy, and Indonesia’s General Suharto were loyal CIA agents, and they protected American oil interests. United States waged Oil War on Iran when it supported the military coup that brought down the Monarchy of King Faisal of Iraq, the brother of King Faisal of Saudi Arabia. Many believe that the assassination of King Faisal of Saudi Arabia was a form of the western Oil war on Saudi Arabia. American Ambassador to Iraq personally assured Saddam Hussein that United States would not interfere, if Iraq were to invade Kuwait. United States induced Saddam Hussein to attack so that America could develop permanent military bases in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and UAE. Saddam Hussein considered the end of the Cold War in 1989, and the personal assurance of the American Ambassador to Iraq, a propitious moment to reclaim Kuwait as Iraq's province. This led in 1990 to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait and the second Persian Gulf War of 1991. Saudi Arabia supported the war on US war on Iraq, to increase Saudi quota of OPEC oil exports.

 

(7) 1999 SEVENTH OIL WAR ON KOSOVO: President Clinton attacked Kosovo to secure Kosovo and Albania as outlets for Caspian oil pipeline from Azerbaijan and Georgia. United States led NATO air war on Kosovo Yugoslavia in 1999 during Clinton Administration was not a war to protect the lives of Albanian Muslim drug dealers but Madeleine Albright’s oil war to secure NATO control over Kosovo the crucial link for the Caspian pipeline which would transport Caspian gas and oil to Adriatic Sea ports of Albania. Balkan is on the land bridge that connects the Caspian oil-rich region with the Adriatic Sea. The President Bill Clinton’s war of humanitarian intervention in Kosovo was not a war of humanitarian intervention but the oil war to secure Kosovo for the Caspian oil pipeline’s Adriatic Sea outlets in Albania. President Clinton and Secretary Madeleine Albright destroyed the Orthodox Christian Yugoslavia’s control over Kosovo, arguing that Christian control over Kosovo route of Caspian oil pipeline could strengthen Russian hold over Azerbaijan oil and gas.

 

(8) 2001 EIGHTH OIL WAR ON AFGHANISTAN: President Bush invaded Afghanistan to control Turkmenistan oil and gas and to preempt India and Pakistan from controlling Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India oil and gas pipeline. America’s invasion of Afghanistan was a camouflaged war for Islamic oil not a war on Islamic terrorism. President Bush’s war on Afghanistan was neither a war on Osama Bin Laden nor America’s war on Islamic terrorism, but simply a geopolitical war to control the oil and gas riches of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, and to control the oil-pipeline that would connect the Caspian oilfields to the Baluchistan port of Gwadar and to India. September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States were the most dramatic outcome of the seventh oil war. The United States invasion of Afghanistan and the fall of the Taliban regime largely destroyed the terrorists' base. But it also ensured a route other than Iran for the transport of Central Asian oil to the sea. President Bush invaded Afghanistan to secure control over Turkmenistan oil and gas pipeline that would cross southward through Afghanistan towards Baluchistan port of Gwadar in Arabian Sea. Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 and American invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 had the same oil objective to secure control over the Turkmenistan oil and gas pipelines through Afghanistan and Baluchistan. Osama bin Laden and Taliban had been loyal CIA operatives when they gained power in Afghanistan, and they had to be kicked out because they refused to act like docile surrogates of the United States and harmed the oil-interests of Unocal.

 

(9) 2003 NINTH OIL WAR ON IRAQ: Saddam Hussein had been a loyal CIA spy. President Bush wants to control the 2nd largest oil and gas reserves of the world, to deny oil-rich Muslim Iraq become the military power. President Bush overthrowing the Iraqi regime of Saddam Hussein for the very same reason President Jimmy Carter overthrew the Iranian regime of Shah of Iran, namely Saddam Hussein no longer acting like a docile surrogate oil-producing nation and dreaming big. If and when it happens, an invasion of Iraq will be the eighth-oil war in some 50 years. President Bush's proposed invasion of Iraq must be considered a seventh oil war. After Saudi Arabia, Iraq has the second largest oil reserves in the world. For American oil interests, conquest of Iraq would be a good insurance policy against a possible loss of Saudi Arabia as a secured supplier to the West.

 

28(6) Oil War or War on Terror

(1) ISLAMIC TERROR PROTECTS OIL INTERESTS: White House seeks to control and dominate the oil and gas resources of under populated Muslim oil-producers in alliance with anti-modernity, anti-women, anti-democracy corrupt Wahhabi monarchy and sheikhdoms, hoping corrupt Muslim regimes would act as oil tax-collectors for United States and would not squander oil riches on their people. The 1951 democratic popular modernist rebellion in Iran convinced the White House, Pentagon and the CIA that democratically elected popular governments in Muslim oil-producing nations would harm the national interests of United States and the economic interests of American Oil companies and the Wall Street. United States feels more comfortable with Wahhabi terrorists, Osama bin Laden, al Qaeda and Taliban fundamentalists than with the modern democratic leaders, namely, Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharief. United States waged the 2001 war on Afghanistan to protect the lives of Al Qaeda and Taliban terrorists from sure deaths at hands of victorious Northern Alliance soldiers, because White House continues to believe that it can do business with Pushtun Taliban to secure American control over Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India oil pipeline. American Big Oil feels more comfortable dealing with terrorist Wahhabi Taliban and Osama bin Laden than with democratically elected leadership, because terrorists can be purchased more cheaply than the elected representatives. President Bush attacked Afghanistan, even when not a single Afghan national was involved in 9/11 terrorist attacks, simply to exploit world public sympathy to control the Caspian oil and gas resources and to control Dauletabad-Gwadar and Dauletabad-Delhi oil pipeline to transport Turkmenistan oil and gas to India and Pakistan. Neither Pentagon nor the CIA considers as enemies of America, the Wahhabi terrorists, the likes of Osama Bin Laden, Al Qaeda and Taliban. On the contrary the CIA, the Pentagon, Pakistan, UAE, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia continue to support Wahhabi Al Qaeda terrorists in Kashmir. Eastern Roman Empire recruited German barbarians to defend Roman Empire, similarly after the defeat in Vietnam War United States’ CIA and the Pentagon recruited and continue to recruit terrorist Muslims to fight proxy wars against the enemies of the United States against payment or rewards.

 

(2) SEA & AIRPOWER VS HEARTLAND POWER: President Bush’s War on Afghanistan in 2001 was an Oil War not a War on Terror. America invaded Afghanistan to develop permanent NATO military bases in Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to further White Christian colonial imperial goals in non-white non-Christian Aryan Central Asia and Aryan South Asia. Aryan race foolishly invited white European NATO and White Sea Powers to develop permanent military land power bases in Heartland of Asia, which unless militarily rectified could result in the conquest and colonization of Asian land powers in 21st Century. Permanent NATO’s military presence in Central Asia disturbs the geopolitical balance of power of Eurasian land powers, because it projects land power and airpower component of white American and European Sea powers in the soft under-belly of Eurasian land powers, namely, Russia, China, India, Pakistan and Iran. The dangerous designs of American sea power to develop permanent land power and airpower military bases in Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, revives the threat of Alexander-the-Great of world domination. American quest for domination over Caspian oil and gas and permanent military bases of western sea power and air power in the soft underbelly of Eurasian land powers in landlocked heartland Central Asia, where local Muslim terrorists sabotage land powers to promote the colonial interests of the foreign sea powers and airpowers, makes the Caspian Great Power Game explosive enough to start the Third World War, where three land power of Eurasia, namely, India, China and Russia, may be forced to unite to defeat the landward expansion of white Sea power and white Airpower, namely United States and US-led 26-member NATO.

 

(3) CAUSES OF AMERICA’S WAR ON TERROR: President Bush exploited the events of September 11 simply as the pretext for the launching of a war for the control of oil resources around the Central Asia. President Bush launched massive attacks against Afghanistan on Oct. 7, 2001 claiming retaliation for the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001. Every war needs a pretext, a political provocation with which the authorities can mobilize the population. In history class, students are taught that World War I started because Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated. However, the eruption of the First World War was the result of a whole range of political factors. The assassination of the Austrian Archduke was only the pretext for launching the World War that had been brewing for months.

 

(4) CRUSADE AGAINST TERROR FOR OIL: Did the September 11th atrocities sparked a coalition a "crusade" for freedom and justice, led by President Bush? Once the initial shock of 9/11 and mass hysteria gave way to strategic reason and realpolitik, it became clear that the Pentagon used in geopolitical diabolic way, 9/11 human tragedy to further America’s imperialist hegemony worldwide and to invoke a more draconian domestic rule by curtailing democratic rights and freedom in the name of combating terrorism. The Pentagon launched attacks on Afghanistan to protect American Caspian oil interests and misused with imperialist arrogance the compassion and sympathy India and the world felt for American human tragedy of 9/11. The issue was that 9/11 evidences pointed towards involvement of Saudi Arabian Osama bin Laden in the terrorist attacks. The crucial element in this strategy of zeroing in on Osama bin Laden was largely unnoticed. White House opposed Bin Laden because he opposed American control over Afghanistan pipeline and feared lured by oil-royalties Taliban would become sycophant followers of American oil companies and Pentagon. If terrorism was the concern of the Pentagon then it should have bombed Riyadh Jeddah and Dammam, where Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda were then living and continue to live. Why was Afghanistan not Saudi Arabia bombed in retaliation for 9/11 terrorist attacks, when not one of the hijackers was Afghan? Why non-Wahhabi Afghans had to suffer for the heinous crime committed by Wahhabi Saudi Arabian and UAE nationals?

 

(5) GREAT OIL GAME: America seeks to control world’s Oil and gas reserves to acquire the ability to use them whenever it so desires as well as to deny them to America’s rivals and competitors, namely Japan, Germany and France. America wants to control Caspian oil and gas reserves to preempt China, India, Japan, Germany, France and Russia, from seeking control of Caspian oil and gas. American control over gas and oil reserves undermines German, French and Japanese economic competitiveness. American interests in the oil and gas reserves of Central Asia are economic as well as strategic. The Great Game played for a century in the area between Indian Empire and Russian Empire was not just to gain control of these huge resources for oneself, but also to deny them to others. America's world dominance is based in large part on its hegemonic influence over the world oil economy. US policy in Central Asia was "to in essence break Russia's monopoly control over the transportation of oil [and gas] from that region, and frankly, to promote Western energy security through diversification of supply.

 

(6) 1990 GULF OIL WAR: The 1990 Gulf War with Iraq was motivated in part by Saddam Hussein's moves to challenge that influence. The US can be counted on to resist challenges to the status quo, in which oil sales the world over are denominated in US dollars (thus creating a demand for our currency which helps compensate for our recurring trade deficits).

 

(7) OIL WAR NOT WAR ON TERROR OR COCAINE:

Texan big Oil interests influenced Reagan administration conspired to breakup the Soviet Union to exploit oil and gas reserves of Muslim Central Asian countries. Oil interests influenced White House to support Taliban in Afghanistan and Catholic Cocaine cartel in Colombia during Clinton administration. Pentagon and the CIA’s involvement in Southeast Asia in the 1960s, and again in Colombia in the last decade, also have to be seen as part of a global strategy of dominating oil development. Recent US moves in Afghanistan have had more immediate and pressing concerns, but oil has always been one of the things on Washington's mind. Powerful oil companies in Texas have had their eyes on Caspian Central Asian oil and gas reserves for since 1980, and this may have been a factor in the Reagan-Bush strategy, which was otherwise questionable from the point of view of world stability, of helping to break up the former Soviet Union. The break-up of the Soviet Union brought about a frenzied oil boom in the Caspian and trans-Caspian Republics, the biggest such oil boom in forty years. American oil companies such as Chevron have played a dominant role in Caspian oil and gas development.

 

(8) TALIBAN BACKED FOR CASPIAN OIL: The Taliban's rise to power in Afghanistan can be linked to the same "single, golden theme" discerned in the conflicts in Nagorno-Karabakh, Abkhazia, Turkish Kurdistan and Chechnya, each represented a distinct, tactical move, crucial at the time, in discerning which power would ultimately become master of the pipelines which, some time in this century, will transport the oil and gas from the Caspian basin to an energy-avid world. The desire to build an Afghan pipeline before an Iranian one could be built motivated the US in the 1990s to back the Taliban against its domestic opponents, the Iran-backed Northern Alliance.

 

(9) AMERICA NEVER LEFT AFGHANISTAN: Hands of United States are as dirty as that of Pakistan and Saudi Arabia as it concerns support to Osama Bin Laden and Taliban in Afghanistan Civil War, though white House professed neutrality in Afghan civil war. United States had never left Afghanistan after 1989, the collapse of the Soviet Union. The United States never left Afghanistan alone as it continued to destabilize Afghanistan through its allies through Saudi Arabia and Pakistan. The Washington remained officially neutral in the Afghan civil war of the 1990s, but Pentagon continued to operate in Afghanistan, as it had all during the 1980s, through its allies, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, and through American oil companies, notably Unocal.

 

It is wrong to say that the problem in Afghanistan was that America just left Afghanistan after 1989, collapse of the Soviet Union. Rather than leaving Afghanistan after the end of the Cold War, America continued to support the Taliban and Al Qaeda in Afghanistan to secure American oil-interests after the collapse of the Soviet Union. There are several reasons, which caused the Unocal plan fell for Afghanistan oil-pipeline project to fall apart, and the principle cause was the failure of Pashtun backed Taliban to win the Afghan civil war, due to the stiffer challenge of Uzbek and Tajik dominated Northern Alliance. The World Bank, for example, pulled out, saying it would not finance the Unocal pipeline until there was a unified government in Afghanistan. Taliban was rooted in Afghanistan's southern nationality, the Pushtuns and promoted a brutal, intolerant fusion of Islam and Pashtun feudal traditions. But meanwhile, the Taliban faced armed opposition among the non-Pashtun peoples, led by the Northern Alliance, dominated by Tajik and Uzbek tribes who are friendlier to secular Hindu India and they vehemently hate Muslim Pakistan. In 1994, the fundamentalist Islamist movement called Taliban emerged among the Pashtun people in Pakistan and Afghanistan financed by Saudi Wahhabi religious funds and heroin drug dealers. With the backing of the Pakistani secret police, ISI, Taliban made a bid to take over Afghanistan. By November 1994, the Taliban had taken its first city, Kandahar, helped by Pakistani volunteers and soldiers in civilian uniforms. Taliban conquest of Afghanistan facilitated by Pakistan based Afghan refugees, Pakistani volunteers, regular Pakistani troops, and Pakistani secret service ISI.

 

(10) CLINTON’S TIES WITH TALIBAN: The Clinton Administration continued to maintain good relations with the Taliban movement, when the Taliban first emerged as the dominant power in Afghanistan. Clinton administration’s patronage of Taliban continued despite the obvious discrimination being instituted against the women of Afghanistan and the attack on basic human rights for all Afghanis, because American multi-national oil company, Unocal was in negotiations with the Taliban to build a pipeline across Afghanistan, to transport Turkmenistan oil and gas. When Unocal’s deal with Taliban that fell through, Secretary Madeleine Albright’s foreign policy towards Taliban abruptly changed. By failing to meet the needs of the American multi-national oil company Unocal, the Taliban were demoted to an unreliable partner and labeled a danger to American control of Central Asia. President Bush's candid admission that he had given the Taliban two weeks to hand over Osama bin Laden was also an effort to, once again, separate the two and to do business with the Taliban. This having failed, the American efforts concentrated to install a pliant Government of Hamid Karzai, a former employee of Unocal oil company, at the expense of destroying what remains of Afghanistan.

 

(11) CARTER REAGAN CLINTON IN AFGHANISTAN: Starting with President Carter (1977-1981) in the late '70s, and expanding greatly under President Reagan (1981-1989) in the 1980s, the CIA sought out, funded, trained and armed fundamentalist Islamic forces in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Central Asia. Their goal was to unleash an anti-Russian "jihad" and spread it from Afghanistan to Central Asia to expedite the secession of Muslim-majority Central Asian republics from the stronghold of the Soviet Union. In many ways, 1996 marked a turning point for the Pentagon when it became clear that the Osama Bin Laden, Al Qaeda and Taliban might not win the war and stabilize Afghanistan and protect the interests of American oil companies and protect the Afghanistan oil-pipeline. President Clinton (1993-2001) had consented the takeover of Afghanistan by terrorist Osama Bin Laden and Al Qaeda hoping Bin Laden would protect American oil interests and protect the Afghanistan Baluchistan oil-pipeline. Loss of faith in the military capability of Taliban and Al Qaeda resulted in the Pentagon’s tilt towards Uzbekistan.

 

(12) COLLAPSE OF USSR HISTORICAL EVENT: The collapse of the Soviet Union enhanced the military significance of secular Kemalist Turkey to Pentagon and NATO, because of its social and cultural influence over the Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and other Central Asian and Caucasus republics as they belonged to the same Turki racial stock, as the Turki Ottoman tribes had conquered the Byzantine Constantinople. The collapse of the Soviet Union by 1991 was not a big change in Central Asian Republics. The same Soviet-era politicians and state capitalists ruled the newly independent Central Asian Republics and Caucasus republics, using the same means, the same state structures, and the same police. The main difference was that they were looking for new masters. They took Turkey as their new model, a secular, modern Islamic Third World state with close military ties to NATO and an open door to European Union. United States had staked its reputation on line to forcibly secure an invitation by European Union to Turkey to join the European Union, because Pentagon hoped, that Turkey’s entry into European Union would also tempt Central Asian Republics seek the entry into Germany-led European Union and the US-led NATO. Because of Turkey’s influence over Central Asian Republics, that United States arranged the arrest of Kurdish leader Ocalan.

 

(13) US SUPPORTS TO REPRESSIVE REGIMES: The real war is indeed between terror of the America-supported Islamic fundamentalist regimes, after President Carter overthrew Pahlavi Monarchy of Shah of Iran and the demand of freedom by those Muslim people especially Muslim women. American has nearly succeeded in portraying the Afghan war as that between freedom and terror. That is only partially true. The real reason for the war is that America has supported repressive fundamentalist regimes in the Islamic world to secure its economic interests of oil and left no recourse for dissent for the oppressed people other than terrorism. But for the frequent CIA-sponsored military coups, citizens of many Islamic countries would be living under democratic governments today. Pakistan is the most recent example.

 

(14) HOW TO COMBAT ISLAMIC TERRORISM: A four-pronged strategy to combat this terror. One strategy would be American military action to eliminate Wahhabi fundamentalist Islamic militancy, which spawns Al Qaeda-type Islamic terrorism. The second strategy would be to pressurize Islamic regimes to 'open up' to civil society and give Muslim women greater freedom and politically end the present practice to force the Muslim women into bondage and servitude. The third strategy would be to fund moderate Islamic political movements to empower moderate Islamic political leadership, who are committed to strengthen the moderate Islamic culture, and prepared to take up arms to defeat the Wahhabi fundamentalists. The fourth strategy would be to organize military coups in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and UAE, to impose Kemalist Turkey-type secular liberal constitution and legal system to replace the archaic Shariah law in Saudi Arabia. This done American interests in the extraction of oil would remain secure while the causes of Islamic terrorism would have been removed. America, and the world will be happy ever after.

 

(15) DIPLOMACY OF DECEPTION: America has the history of diplomacy of deceptions, and it frequently actually manufactured events to justify going to war, like with the Gulf of Tonkin Incident in Vietnam. America in need of a pretext for war for Central Asian oil, latched onto a horrific event of 9/11 and used it to condemn its chosen enemy Afghanistan, as the source of all evil and deserving of an extreme military response, even when Afghanistan neither contributor one hijacker and financed a nickel to the hijackers. The Afghan war preparations did not begin with the September 11 attacks, and they were not aimed at punishing Wahhabi Saudi Arabia, which financed and supplied 15 of 18 hijackers including the master leader Osama bin Laden, and none of those responsible for the terrorist attacks were neutralized by the War on Afghanistan.

 

(16) DOMINANCE OF OIL MEANS WORLD WAR: The Afghan war preparations were aimed to position America as the supreme economic and military power in the oil-producing world today. The afghan war and Iraq War may be the "start of World War III." September 11 2001 simply set off an explosion that was already in the making. Some even argue that FBI and other secret services had some information about the Saudi conspired terrorist attacks that may use airline planes as cruise missiles. That is why President Bush had appointed Dr. Henry J. Kissinger as the Co-Chairman of the 10-member bipartisan committee to investigate intelligence failures that caused 9/11 terrorist attacks.

 

(17) OIL IS ACHILLES’ HEEL OF AMERICA: The 9/11 terrorist attacks exposed the Achilles’ heel of the US financial markets and caused damages in excess of five trillion dollars and resulted in the flight of capital to European Union and strengthened Euro at the expense of US Dollar. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990, the U.S. has been the largest economic and military power in the world. But the U.S. has not been able to consolidate its position because its economic competitors in Europe and Asia have challenged it. The 9/11 terrorists attacks on World Trade Center, the financial capital of the world, and on Pentagon the military capital of the world, exposed the Achilles’ heel of the maritime America, which had never faced attacks on its homeland. United States had launched air war on Japanese and German economic and civilian targets and cities during Second World War and on Yugoslav urban economic, civilian and industrial targets during Yugoslav war. The 19 Saudi Arabian /UAE Hijackers using fuel-laden American civilian airline planes as cruise bombs for attacks on twin towers and Pentagon, caused more economic damage to the United States GNP and market value of the US Capital markets, more than five trillion dollars ($5 Trillion), more than United States lost during entire First world War and the Second world War.

 

(18) MOSQUES TO EXPRESS DISSENT: Fundamentalist Islamic and Arab governments have not 'opened up' which leaves the mosque and fundamentalism as the only place for them to give vent to their feelings. Beating and subjugation of woman became the common holy dip that transforms the criminal, rapist, drug dealer into a pious Muslim holy man and Jihadi. Islamic repression and untold luxury of the ruling elites despised by the Muslims in the Arab world and Osama Bin laden exploited it, just as ayatollah Khomeini did in 1980. The principle dream of Osama Bin Laden is to hang 4,000+ royal princes in Saudi Arabia and to confiscate their royal family’s assets and to establish House of Bin Laden dynasty in Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait. If any major power were to give clear signal to Bin Laden, the House of Al Saud would fall overnight in Saudi Arabia. All the banks of the western world would jump in as wolves to confiscate and loot the assets of the Saudi royal family members, just as they looted the property of Shah of Iran after he was overthrown. The Wahhabi Muslim clergy and Osama Bin Laden have actually provided a springboard for the expression to the latent resentment pervading the general male population in the oil-rich Arab states. Communist argues that Al Qaeda movement is similar to the pro-Communist Telengana movement in India of the 1950’s and pro-Communist Naxalite movement of the 1970’s. Both Telengana and Naxalite movements occurred in feudal areas. It was the combination of inequality and wealth that the Wahhabi al Qaeda fundamentalists have expressed the sentiments of the fundamentalist Arab Muslim clergy rather than of the royal family of Saudi Arabia, as a result during any future civil unrest the Arab Wahhabi fundamentalists would take up arms to hang the members of the royal families in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and United Arab Emirates. The Wahhabi fundamentalism has the ruthlessness of the Stalinist execution squads and in an Islamic fundamentalist complexion. Similar reaction would have probably taken place at another place sooner or later. It is the extraction of Arab oil by American companies with the support of non-democratic corrupt Islamic regimes that lies at the root of the problem. Like the Bolshevik Communist fundamentalists under Russian Czars, the Osama bin Laden and his army of Wahhabi fundamentalists waiting to usher the Wahhabi revolution in Saudi Arabia by mass execution of entire royal families of Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, and Muscat and Oman. Failure of Royal House of Al Saud to check the danger presented by the predator religious sect of Wahhabi Al Qaeda would be fatal for the Saudi Monarchy, as it could meet the fate Russian Czar met at the hands of the Bolsheviks. Semite Osama bin Laden is no less brutal mass killer than Semite Bolshevik Lavrenti Beria. Even Ayatollah Khomeini destroyed Pahlavi dynasty of Iran, which was militarily more powerful and secure. However the general massacre of Saudi Royal family at hands of Al Qaeda Wahhabi terrorists would bring down the prices of Crude Oil to $8 per barrel, as new rulers of Saudi Arabia would be willing to sell crude oil at any price available. Perhaps the Western oil companies welcome the massacre of Saudi royal family just as it rejoiced at the downfall of the Shah of Iran at the hands of Ayatollah Khomeini. Just as Democratic President Jimmy Carter anointed arch-fundamentalist Ayatollah Khomeini as the new leader of the Islamic world, President Bill Clinton rewarded terrorist Osama Bin Laden for attacks on US Embassies at Nairobi and Dar es Salaam in early 1990s, by handing over Afghanistan to Osama Bin Laden in 1995. Just as President Ronald Reagan had to clear the pro-Ayatollah Khomeini mess created by President Jimmy Carter and Zbigniew Brzezinski, the present Republican President George W. Bush had to clean up the pro-Osama Bin Laden mess created by President Bill Clinton and secretary Madeleine Albright. Thank God, neither Clinton nor Al Gore was the occupant of the Oval Office on Sept 11, 2001.

 

28(7) Turkmenistan Oil Reserves

(1) TURKMENISTAN OIL IS NEW KUWAIT: The Caspian Central Asia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan have more than 6 percent of the world's proven oil reserves and almost 40 percent of its gas reserves. The Turkmenistan President Sapramurad Niyazov aligned with American oil company Unocal and Pentagon openly proclaimed neocolonialist dreams of setting up the world's New Kuwait in Turkmenistan. But after 1991 there was profit to be made in oil-rich Central Asian republics. Central Asian countries became bankrupt after the end of the Cold War and could not pay for the development of their gas reserves. Russia itself one of the world's greatest natural gas producers, and its gas corporation had no interest in shipping Turkmen gas to the world market. Turkmenistan is believed to have 159 trillion cubic feet of natural gas under its soil (the fourth largest reserves in the world). It has 1.5 billion barrels of proven oil--but may have as much as 32 billion barrels. All its old pipelines run north, to Russia and other former Soviet countries. Turkmenistan is a land of deserts and mountains the size of California, borders the Caspian Sea (to the west), with Iran and Afghanistan to the south. 4 million Turkic peoples who historically lived as nomads very sparsely populate it. President Saparmurad Niyazov, who had been the General Secretary of the Communist Party there before independence, headed its government. By 1993 Turkmenistan President Sapramurad Nyazov and aligned with Gen. Alexander Haig, former head of Reagan's National Security Council to develop the plan that involved oil and gas pipelines running south from Turkmenistan to the sea through Afghanistan and Baluchistan. America vetoed any Iranian route and insisted the pipes run over Afghanistan to Baluchistan coast in Pakistan. However, after the Soviet defeat in Afghanistan, no force had been able to form a national government and Afghanistan remained gripped by civil war between various reactionary forces, and without the political stability in Afghanistan no oil-pipeline could be built through Afghanistan. Afghanistan has been thrust center stage in this struggle for Caspian oil. The main Caspian oilfields are in Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan. The main American oil-pipeline plan for the region has been the Baku (Azerbaijan) to Ceyhan pipeline.

 

In October 1995, President Sapramurad Niyazov signed an agreement with Unocal and its partner, the Saudi-owned Delta Oil Company, to build the gas pipeline though Afghanistan and Henry Kissinger, the guru of imperialist geo-politics, attended the signing. Henry Kissinger was officially working as a "consultant" for Unocal, but everyone saw his presence as the blessing of the American ruling class. Kissinger quipped that this Afghan pipeline deal was a "triumph of hope over experience.” The Taliban Tactic of "Permanent Smoldering," certainly appear to serve the Pentagon policy of isolating Iran by creating a firmly Sunni buffer on Iran's Afghan border and potentially providing security for trade routes and pipelines that would break Iran's monopoly on Central Asia's southern trade routes. The outside interference in Afghanistan now all related to the battle for oil and gas pipelines. The fear is that American oil companies and regional powers were just renting the Taliban for their own purposes, and they continue to placate Al Qaeda terrorists and Osama bin Laden even after Hamid Karzai is in power in Afghanistan. It's uncertain when Afghanistan oil-pipeline project will start. It depends on peace in Afghanistan and a government we can work with. That may be the end of this year, next year, or three years from now, or this may be a dry hole if the fighting continues. It is now 2003, and there is no pipeline from Turkmenistan to Pakistan.

 

(2) AFGHANISTAN KEY TO CASPIAN PIPELINE: Afghanistan's significance from an energy standpoint stems from its geographical position as a potential transit route for oil and natural gas exports from Central Asia to the Arabian Sea. This potential includes proposed multi-billion dollar oil and gas export pipelines through Afghanistan. Since Caspian oil is not controlled by OPEC the organization of oil exporting countries, heavily dominated by the Arab states, makes it particularly attractive to United States, India, and China. Unlike the Arabs, the Central Asian republics have no reservations about allowing foreigners to develop their energy sector.

 

(3) OIL & GAS WEALTH OF CASPIAN BASIN: The Caspian Central Asia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan has more than 6 percent of the world's proven oil reserves and almost 40 percent of its gas reserves. According to a geopolitical hypothesis, the oil and gas resources in the Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan are so rich that in the future it could turn into one of the largest petroleum centers in the world and could well compete with the Persian Gulf. Reports of oil riches of the poor underdeveloped Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan and possibility of the transportation of oil and gas in the region via the Afghanistan-Baluchistan oil-pipeline and the landlocked status of the regional states have drawn the attention of world powers United States, Germany, Japan, India, Russia and China and that of regional powers Iran, and Pakistan. The prospect of economic gains has triggered off intense rivalries amongst the candidates for pipeline routes. Russia has developed the Central Asian oil-pipeline to link with its oil-terminals in the Black Sea. United States supports oil-pipeline to connect Baku oilfields to the Georgian seaport. Iran wants to develop oil-pipeline to reach Arabian Gulf oil-terminals through. United States ruled out the oil-pipeline routes through Iran and Russia and Georgia also suffers from civil war. Pentagon supports Central Asian oil-pipeline passing southward from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan and Baluchistan to the oil-terminals at Gwadar seaport oil-terminals.

 

(4) CLINTON BACKED TALIBAN: President Clinton officially backed the Taliban after 1995, when American oil companies were planning such a pipeline from Central Asia, through Afghanistan and Baluchistan province of Pakistan. But when Osama bin Laden became anti-American and turned it's back on Uncle Sam, Western oil companies got scared. Afghanistan was once the stomping ground of Czars and Commissars, is no stranger to the Great Game the great Power play in the geopolitical important region of Central Asia. As a pipeline route, this remote region land of Afghanistan is geopolitically crucial if Western powers are to reduce their dependence on Saudi Arabia. The 1990 Gulf War on Iraq was largely about oil. Inadvertently, Afghan was also largely about oil.

 

(5) UNOCAL’S TIES WITH TALIBAN: American multi-national oil company, Unocal was in negotiations with the Taliban to build a pipeline across Afghanistan. When that oil-pipeline deal fell through, then only President Clinton abruptly changed. By failing to meet the needs of the American multi-national oil companies, the Clinton Administration demoted Al Qaeda and Taliban to an unreliable partner and labeled a danger to American interests in the region. The catalyst for the President Bush’s attack on Taliban-led Afghanistan therefore, has less to do with concern over Wahhabi terrorism and more to do with concern for American oil profits. The war plans of the Bush administration are not the path to Islamic terrorism free safe world, but to a more dangerous world for everyone, where Saudi Arabian Wahhabi terrorists would infiltrate worldwide, in Kashmir and in Algeria to destabilize moderate governments. The anti-war and progressive movement in America does not condemn the Wahhabi Islamic terrorism, rather praises Wahhabi terrorism.

 

(6) SIZE OF CASPIAN OIL & GAS RESERVES: Caspian region oil reserves might be the third largest in the world after Western Siberia and the Persian Gulf and, within the next 15 to 20 years, may be large enough to offset Persian Gulf oil. Caspian Sea oil and gas are not the only hydrocarbon deposits in the region. Turkmenistan's Karakum Desert holds the world's third largest gas reserves - three trillion cubic meters - and has six billion barrels of estimated oil reserves. Current estimates indicate that, in addition to huge gas deposits, the Caspian basin may hold as much as 200 billion barrels of oil, 33 times the estimated holdings of Alaska's North Slope and a current value of $4 trillion. It is enough to meet the America’s' energy needs for 30 years or more. The presence of these oil reserves and the possibility of their export raise new strategic concerns for the America, China, India, Japan, France and Germany. As multinational oil companies build oil pipelines from the Caucasus and Central Asia to supply Japan, China, India and the West, these strategic concerns gain military implications, as access to oil would be the crucial objective in the Third World War. Geopolitically Afghanistan has been the gateway to land-locked Central Asian, and oil-pipeline passing through Afghanistan occupies the central position in the U.S. strategy for the economic control of the oil and gas resources in the Central Asia and the Middle East. America currently in 2002 imports 51 per cent of its crude oil, 19.5 million barrels daily. The US Energy Information Administration estimates that by 2020, the U.S. will import 64 per cent of its crude, i.e. 25.8 million barrels a day.

 

(7) OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM: President Bush justified bombing of Afghanistan and Operation Enduring Freedom in terms of Freedom, justice, and a world rid of terrorism. But Oil has been the other, less advertised motive to the American bombing of Afghanistan? With world-wide demand for oil increasing and the Gulf States including Saudi Arabia - vulnerable to political instability, the United States desperately needs to tap the vast untapped fields of Kazakhstan and the other Central Asian states, which just recently became free from the colonial occupation of the Soviet Union. Just as United States cultivated Saudi Arabia after it broke loose from Ottoman Empire after the First World War, it is now courting the oil-rich former Soviet Central Asian Republics with full gusto. Afghanistan is the geopolitical center to oil-pipelines that could move oil from Central Asia to the Western markets: Pentagon view oil as a security consideration and it wants to protect it by any means necessary, regardless of other considerations, other values'. Afghanistan's significance from an energy standpoint stems from its geographic position as a potential transit route for oil and natural gas exports from Central Asia to the Arabian Sea. This potential includes proposed multi-billion dollar oil and gas export pipelines through Afghanistan. The Caspian Sea region has oil and gas resources worth $4 trillion.

 

(8) OIL RULES BUSH ADMINISTRATION: Both President George W. Bush and the Vice-President Dick Cheney are intimately connected with the American oil industry, serving as senior executives in many companies. Dick Cheney, as CEO of Halliburton, told in 1998, ``I cannot think of a time when we have had a region emerge as suddenly to become as strategically significant as the Caspian''. The oil and gas from this region currently moves northward towards European markets. Unocal, the company that is leading an international consortium to construct the central Asian pipeline through Afghanistan. Western Europe is a tough market. It is characterized by high prices for oil products, an aging population, and increasing competition from natural gas. Furthermore, the Western Europe is fiercely competitive''. Among the many advantages of the Afghanistan route, is that it would terminate in the Arabian Sea, which is much closer than the Persian Gulf or northern China to key Asian markets. The Afghanistan pipeline becomes crucial for American oil giants because it would allow them to sell their oil in an expanding and highly prospective Asian market. The profits in the Asian markets are substantially higher than in the European market. But, the construction of this promising route can only begin if and when an internationally recognized Government is formed in Afghanistan. This is the crux of the matter.

 

(9) TALIBAN FAILED TO MANAGE POWER: Though the American oil companies had cultivated and secured the agreement of all warring groups in Taliban-led Afghanistan for the proposed pipeline, the situation was far from being comfortable. The bombing of U.S. Embassies in North Africa in 1998 allegedly by Osama bin Laden's terrorists and the U.S. retaliatory response and the consequent bombing of Afghanistan had created predictable complications. However United States had consented to the takeover of Afghanistan by Osama bin Laden, which effectively controlled Taliban leadership and the Afghan Government, problems still continued with the uncertainty concerning the attitude of the Northern Alliance. The Afghanistan pipeline would have been an easy target to blow up by either side. Afghan groups could use even threats as instruments of blackmail. Hence, it becomes clear that to advance the interests of American major oil companies and to establish America’s effective control over the oil resources in Central Asia America would require a pliant Government in a unified Afghanistan. The America backed the ousted monarch, Zahir Shah’s nominee Hamid Karzai and provided suitable patronage to the Northern Alliance and provided safe passage to Al Qaeda terrorists who would have otherwise died at hands of Northern alliance soldiers.

 

(10) DEPENDENCE ON OIL INCREASED: Oil is an important subtext to the struggle over Afghanistan. It is false propaganda that over the last few years, the West - and particularly the United States became less oil dependent. Back in 1970, the US consumed 16 million barrels oil each day. In 2002 US consumes around 22 million barrels a day making America by far the world's biggest oil importer. The European Union used 12m barrels a day 30 years ago. Now it uses 15 million barrels a day. And oil's not just used for petrol, as oil is also used for making plastics and man-made fibers. Saudi Arabia is the biggest exporter of crude oil, over 7 million barrels per day. Former Soviet Union’s Central Asian Republics to the East exports almost 4,500,000 barrels daily. Apart from Russia, in Central Asian Republics coil companies have already discovered 20 billion barrels of oil reserves in Kazakhstan, and there could be much more. The oil and gas so far discovered in these parts is worth three trillion dollars in today's prices. That's why Western oil companies are so interested in transporting this Caspian Sea and Central Asian Oil to world markets via Afghanistan oil pipeline. It's the 21st Century culmination of the 18th Century Great Game that Russian Empire and Indian Empire played in Central Asia.

 

(11) USA RUSSIA COMPETE IN CASPIAN BASIN: American policy is to promote the rapid development of Caspian Sea and Central Asian oil reserves to make them increasingly independent of Russia. America doing so specifically to promote the independence of these oil-rich countries, to in essence break Russia's monopoly control over the transportation of oil from the Central Asian region, and to promote Western energy security through diversification of supply. The White House strategy toward Russia aimed to weakening Russia’s international position and ousting Russia from strategically important regions of the world, especially the Caspian region: the Trans-Caucasus and Central Asia. The circumstances in the world have shifted. In a year or two, or three, we'll see considerably different arrangement in the globe than existed prior to September 11 because the event is of that magnitude. Decade ago, many republics of the former Soviet Union declared their independence across a sweeping arc of the Eurasian landmass--tearing the whole southern half of the Soviet Union from Russia. This region contains many of the world's largest and most undeveloped sources of energy, vast oil and gas fields starting at the oil city of Baku on the Caspian Sea and stretching eastward through the five countries known as the Central Asian Republics (CARs), Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Geopolitical control of oil means economic control of those countries that need that oil. It is geopolitical lifeblood of modern empire.

 

28(9) Oil Pipeline Diplomacy

(1) LAST GREAT OIL RUSH IN CASPIAN: The struggle for influence in Central Asia is the last great oil rush, as America and the European Union attempts to reduce dependence on the Arabian Gulf Oil. The importance of Afghanistan in regard to the transportation of Central Asian oil cannot be overestimated. Khyber Pass has been the historic pass that became a conduit of the traders, soldiers and animals from Central Asia to the fertile lands of India. The oil of central Asia can reach the Baluchistan oil-terminal ports, only through Afghanistan. Russia had built its own pipeline from Kazakhstan to the Black Sea. In order to compete the Central Asian oil-pipeline, Western oil corporations could build pipelines along a number of routes, one passing through Afghanistan, other passing through Iran and third passing through Georgia. But by far the most economical Central Asian oil-pipeline would be from Central Asia through Afghanistan, to Baluchistan seaports in Pakistan. That was a major reason the White House openly unofficially backed the Taliban, al Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden in the mid-90s, when American oilmen Unocal was planning such a pipeline. But when the Taliban and Al Qaeda turned it’s back on United States, American oil money and Unocal got scared. Britain’s liberal intelligentsia, is generally supportive of the Afghanistan and Iraq war, but critical of certain aspects of its conduct by the Pentagon.

 

(2) PIPELINE DIPLOMACY: The Pipeline diplomacy as it is called, has assumed new dimensions and political rivalry between Russia, United States, Iran and India on the determination of the final pipeline route has started. Persian Gulf had been Indian Lake before the Second World War. Before 1909 Pamir Settlement, Indian Empire and Russian Empire indulged in the Great Power Game in Afghanistan and Central Asia. India may sign a defense pact with Iran to emerge as dominant player in the Great Power Pipeline diplomacy. The question of oil pipeline control has gained prominence due to the fact that the country that eventually turns out to be the outlet for energy would acquire significant geopolitical, military and economic privileges. Therefore, apart from the economic considerations and political parameters the geopolitical Great Power Game has also been injected into the Central Asian oil picture, with the Western countries taking a keen interest in the developments pertaining to the oil-exploration and transportation of oil in Central Asian region.

 

(3) TURKMENISTAN-INDIA PIPELINE: South Asia benefits if the Central Asian oil-gas pipeline passes through Afghanistan and Baluchistan and extended to India. India would support Afghanistan oil-pipeline linked to Baluchistan port oil-terminals if that pipeline is extended towards India. Otherwise India would prefer that Baluchistan secedes from Pakistan and joins into confederation with Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. Pakistani believes that Turkmenistan Afghanistan Baluchistan oil-pipeline will be Pakistan's gateway to Central Asia. Pakistan's ruling class hopes to be the point-of-entry for large amounts of Central Asian gas and oil--including for Japan and South Korea, who are eager to diversify their source of oil, which at present heavily dependent on Arabian gulf oil supplies.

 

(4) KAZAKHSTAN BLACK SEA PIPELINE: Russia's already built a pipeline from Kazakhstan to the Black Sea and onto the outside world, earning billions in oil and gas exports. US oil companies could try and build from Baku through Georgia, or on to Turkey's Mediterranean coast. But it would be much, much cheaper to build pipes from Central Asia through Afghanistan, to the Gulf Coast in Baluchistan Pakistan. However, the Baluch tribes have been fighting for secession from Pakistan soon after Pakistan separated from India in 1947. If Baluchistan secedes from Pakistan and enters into confederation with landlocked Afghanistan and NWFP Pashtun frontier region, then the oil pipeline from central Asia would reach the Baluchistan coastal seaports and Gwadar port bypassing Pakistan. The oil-discovery in Central Asia makes the secession of Baluchistan province from tyrannical rule of Punjabi-dominated Pakistan a moral imperative. Regional confederation of Baluchistan, Afghanistan, NWFP Pashtunistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkmenistan would create a great Aryan Muslim State in South Asia. It is in the national interest of India and United States to engineer the secession of Baluchistan from Pakistan.   

 

(5) GEOPOLITICS OF CASPIAN PIPELINES: Pipelines Rich oil and gas reserves located in the Caspian Region are discovered in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. All three states are essentially landlocked, the Caspian Sea being an inland sea with no connection to the oceans. Great Power Game over the landlocked Caspian oil and gas reserves is fought in terms of the competing oil-pipeline routes to transport the Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan oil and gas. Pipeline diplomacy for the competition over the exploitation of Caspian oil and gas translates into the economic struggle over which route pipelines should take to transport the Turkmenistan oil and gas to the sea and the global market. There are a number of pipeline options, each promoted by certain country reflecting rival agendas and conflicting national interests.

 

(6) NORTHERN PIPELINE ROUTE VIA RUSSIA: The Northern route consist of upgrading the existing Kazak and Russian pipeline systems, plus a new one pipeline linking Baku in Azerbaijan with the Russian port of Novorossisk on the Black Sea. Russian route is the pipeline option favored by the Russia, as it would perpetuate their dominance of Central Asia, which would provide a permanent source of revenue to Russia. America opposes the Russia pipeline route, as it weakens America’s hold over Caspian oil producers. Turkey opposes Russia pipeline route as it weakens Turkey’s influence over Central Asia. Iran would prefer Russia pipeline route over via Turkey pipeline route and Afghanistan Baluchistan pipe line routes as these alternatives would consolidate America’s colonial presence in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

 

(7) SOUTHERN PIPELINE ROUTE VIA IRAN: The Southern Route via Iran, from practical point of view is the most sensible option, with the shortest distance as it is able to plug into existing Iranian pipeline system and it provides access to the growing South Asian market. Iran pipeline route is opposed by the United States, because of America’s hostility to Iran. Besides Iran pipeline route doesn't help the diversification of energy sources, which is primary security goal of the Pentagon. Nonetheless Iranian pipeline route is the only one of the new pipeline route, which is actually up, and running.

 

(8) EASTERN PIPELINE ROUTE VIA CHINA: The Eastern Pipeline Route via China is the longest and most expensive route but favored by the China government, and under construction would allow China to recreate Mongol Empire and conquer Middle East in 21st Century. Eastern pipeline route helps China exploit the resources of Tibet and Xinjiang western provinces.

 

(9) WESTERN PIPELINE ROUTE VIA TURKEY: The Western Pipeline Route via Turkey favored by Turkey, the United States and Israel. There are three separate Western pipeline routes. The Suspa-Bosporus Pipeline would transport Azerbaijan oil and gas to the port of Suspa in Georgia and then through the Bosporus straits to Europe. The Turkish claim is that the Bosporus straits will not be able to handle the increased amount of shipping required by the pipeline passing through port of Suspa Georgia. Turkey proposes Baku-Ceyhan pipeline, which would transport Azerbaijan oil to Ceyhan on Turkey's Mediterranean coast. The high costs of Baku-Ceyhan pipeline forced America promote an alternative American plan to bypass the Bosporus straits with a pipeline going through Bulgaria and Greece. The Baku Turkey Bulgaria and Greece would transport Azerbaijan oil to the Greek ports.

 

(10) SOUTHERN EASTERN AFGHAN ROUTE: The South Eastern Pipeline Route via Afghanistan and Baluchistan to oil-terminals at Gwadar port would transport Turkmenistan oil and gas via 790-mile pipeline. This proposal was a reason behind Osama Bin Laden's 9/11 terrorist attack on America as well as America’s war on Taliban Afghanistan. With the fall of the Taliban Afghanistan and the stabilization of Hamid Karzai’s government Southern Eastern Afghan route has become the favorite oil pipeline route to transport Turkmenistan oil and gas. Southern Eastern Turkmenistan Afghan Baluchistan oil/gas pipeline route avoids Iran while delivering Turkmenistan oil and gas to India, which is much more promising market than the European Union. The armed conflicts, civil wars and terrorism have plagued the nations along the Caspian pipeline route. Russia, China and Turkey engaged in suppressing revolt along their favored routes. America engaged in war in Afghanistan, in the Afghan civil war prior to that. The Afghan Pipeline plan was proposed by the Californian based UNOCAL Energy Corporation, which began its efforts to establish pipelines transporting oil and gas through Afghanistan in October 1995. Argentinean oil company Bridas conceived the Afghan pipeline project. America’s victory in Afghanistan War has changed the situation. With the collapse of the Taliban in Afghanistan, American oil executives are suddenly talking again about building Afghanistan pipeline. It is absolutely essential that the United States make the Afghanistan pipeline the centerpiece of rebuilding Afghanistan. The State Department thinks it's a great idea, too. With the Afghanistan-Baluchistan pipeline routing the Turkmenistan gas through Iran would be avoided, and Turkmenistan wouldn’t have to ship its gas and oil through Russian pipelines.

 

(11) PERMANENT SMOLDERING OF MANAGEABLE CONFLICTS: Afghanistan’s Northern Alliance had support outside Afghanistan, from Russia, Iran and India. And this support was no accident that Iran, Russia and India would gain if continuing war sabotaged plans for the southern pipeline, via Afghanistan and Baluchistan. In the struggle over Caspian oil, various powers disrupt rival pipelines by supporting "the permanent smoldering of manageable armed conflict." No monopoly capitalist is about to spend billions building a vulnerable overland pipeline through an area that is "permanently smoldering," where oil-pipeline would be a constant target of sabotage. There are several of these "permanent smoldering" constantly smoldering in the Caspian region.

 

(12) OIL FINANCES CHECHNYA REBELS: United States, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan finance the Muslim rebels of Chechnya so that Russia may not build the Pipeline to connect Baku oilfields with Russian oil-pipeline networks through Croznyy. The Permanent Smoldering in Chechnya is financed by Saudi Arabia and United States. At the far northwest edge of this Central Asian region, the rebellion in Chechnya prevented Russia from building the pipeline they want connecting Baku with Russia through Groznyy. The Russia responded with a brutal war of counterinsurgency, killing hundreds, while America, Pakistan and the Saudis secretly support the rebellion, hoping to reap the profits of Chechnya oil reserves some day if Chechnya succeeds from the Soviet Union.

 

28(10) Oil Pipeline Via Iran

(1) India Russia Promote Iranian Pipeline Route

India, Russia and Iran should promote Iran as the crossing point of the Central Asian oil-pipelines to the Arabian Gulf seaport oil-terminals. If the major Central Asian oil pipeline goes through Russia to Europe, Russia will reestablish control over the Caspian region and the European imperialists will have a source of energy that the U.S. does not control. Russia and India have common geo-political interest in maintaining military presence in Central Asia to weaken permanent NATO presence in Afghanistan and Uzbekistan. 

 

If the a major central Asian oil-pipeline goes west, from Baku in Azerbaijan, across Turkey to the Mediterranean port of Ceyhan--then the Pentagon expects to have control over that oil and everyone who needs that oil. Russia, India and Iran have a common interest in supporting Kurd rebellion in Kurd-majority Turkey, through which any such Central Asian oil-pipeline must pass to threaten the turkey’s stronghold over Kurdistan.

 

If the major Central Asian oil-pipeline go south through Iran to its refineries and harbors, then the America’s containment of Iran is broken. And, in that case, the Caucasus region becomes an inland extension of the Persian Gulf--not a separate competitive region. India, Russia and Iran have a common geo-political interest in promoting Iran as the center of Oil-pipelines. Neither the Central Asian oil-pipelines passing through Baluchistan province of Pakistan, nor those passing through Turkey serves the geopolitical interests of India, Iran and Russia. 

 

(2) Turkmenistan-India Pipeline

South Asia benefits if the Central Asian oil-gas pipeline passes through Afghanistan and Baluchistan and extended to India. India would support Afghanistan oil-pipeline linked to Baluchistan port oil-terminals if that pipeline is extended towards India. Otherwise India would prefer that Baluchistan secedes from Pakistan and joins into confederation with Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. Pakistani believes that Turkmenistan Afghanistan Baluchistan oil-pipeline will be Pakistan's gateway to Central Asia. Pakistan's ruling class hopes to be the point-of-entry for large amounts of Central Asian gas and oil--including for Japan and South Korea, who are eager to diversify their source of oil, which at present heavily dependent on Arabian gulf oil supplies. The Afghanistan Pakistan gas pipeline expected to pass through to India. This would give Pakistan major leverage over India, its longtime South Asian enemy, and draw both of those countries much farther into western economic networks. The security interests of India should be taken into account for the Afghanistan-Baluchistan oil-pipeline to transport Central Asian to become successful. India has the military capability to scuttle this project. India has a legitimate role to play in every central Asian oil-pipeline project, as it directly affects the security of India.

 

(3) Bridas Competed with Unocal

BRIDAS UNOCAL PIPELINE CONFLICT: But what was at stake was more than a choice of countries: it was also a choice of pipelines within Afghanistan. An Argentine company, Bridas, had been the first to secure local approval for a pipeline through Afghanistan: first in March 1995 from Turkmenistan President Niyazov and Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, and then in February 1996 with Burhanuddin Rabbani, still recognized as the Afghan President in Kabul. It is clear that in the same six months of 1996 the US weighed in heavily on behalf of both Unocal and the Taliban. In March 1996 the US Ambassador to Pakistan gravely offended Benazir Bhutto by asking her "to switch support from Bridas to Unocal. One indication of the level of intrigue concerning competing plans for multi-billion dollar pipelines is that Bridas, the Argentine company, and set up a 50-50 partnership "with the Saudi company Ningarcho, which was extremely close to Prince Turki."

 

The Bridas plan was nullified by the Taliban's capture of Kabul in September 1996, after a campaign clearly financed from overseas. (Pakistan's aid to the Taliban under Bhutto was mostly non-financial; the funds -- estimated at the time to run to millions a month -- "had to have come from elsewhere. Meanwhile Unocal's Saudi partner, Delta Oil, was close to Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah, who in August 2001 forced Prince Turki to resign. "Thus the competition within Unocal and Bridas also reflected competition within the Saudi Royal Family” But then the US (and later the Taliban) stepped in to back an alternative pipeline project with the US company Unocal. Unocal had an oil pipeline project as well as the much-discussed gas pipeline.

 

DELTA UNOCAL ISI FUNDED TALIBAN: At the time Iran, acutely concerned for the future of its Shiite allies in Afghanistan, charged that the money for the Taliban was coming from Saudi petrodollars and the CIA. Unquestionably, after a visit by Prince Turki to Islamabad and Kandahar, the Saudis funded and equipped the Taliban march on Kabul. The overt US policy aim at this time was for order and stability in Afghanistan. Taliban was cohesive enough to capture Kabul. When the Taliban took power in Afghanistan 1996, Taliban’s victory orchestrated by the Pakistani secret service, ISI and the American oil company Unocal and its Saudi ally Delta, a company with links to Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah. It would have been unlikely for Unocal to advance its own funds for the Taliban conquest. No such restraints inhibited Unocal's Saudi partner in its consortium Delta-Nimir. Nimir Petroleum certainly had the assets and was dominated by the bin-Mahfouz family, which owned the National Commercial Bank, patronized by the Saudi royal family. Delta-Nimir was already a major investor with Unocal in the oilfields of Azerbaijan, and may have been a factor in the October 1995 decision of Turkmenistan to sign a new pipeline contract in competition with Bridas.

 

BRIDAS’ HERAT OIL PIPELINE PROJECT:

By November 1994, the Argentinean oil company Bridas set up a "working group" with the Turkmen government to plan a gas pipeline, over 800 miles through the Afghan oasis at Herat. Bridas opened secret negotiations with the Taliban and a wide array of local feudal warlords. The Pakistani government officially joined the project four months later. In 1995, a year later, American oil company Unocal came onboard to provide capital and expertise to Bridas. Unocal quickly shoved Bridas out of the way and made their own deal directly with governments of Turkmenistan and Pakistan. Unocal met with Turkmen officials in Houston in April 1995 and the Clinton administration gave its support.

 

(4) Strategic Anchors in Central Asia

In the Search for "Strategic Anchors” both Americans and the Russians have made major, direct strategic and military moves in the Caspian region, including the Central Asian Republics, to influence what pipelines get built, to transport crude oil and gas from the Baku and Turkmenistan oil and gas fields.

 

AMERICAN STRATEGIC ANCHOR: One. America’s main anchor in Central Asia has been Turkey, the Muslim NATO member at the far western edge of the Central Asian region. The Pentagon has operated in Central Asia by developing allied states such as Turkey and Pakistan as "strategic anchors" in Central Asia. Pentagon solidifying military ties with oil-rich Azerbaijan on the western coast of the Caspian Sea and with oil-rich Turkmenistan on the eastern coast of the Caspian Sea, allowing direct land route for NATO troops from Europe via Georgia, the close ally of the NATO. Pentagon also developing closer ties with strategically located Uzbekistan, to provide roadblocks for any southward movement of Russian troops from its bases in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. The Tajik and Kyrgyz tribal leaders have closer ties with India than with Pakistan. Pentagon and NATO had been developing this Uzbek military alliance long before 9/11, not to "fight Islamic terrorism" but to control Central Asian oil and gas fields, and to foreclose Russian option of retaking Central Asian Republics under Russian control and occupation.

 

RUSSIAN STRATEGIC ANCHOR: Two. When a pro-Russian government in energy-poor Tajikistan faced an Islamic fundamentalist uprising, the Russian government moved 25,000 Russian troops in and re-annexed the country. In 1993, Boris Yeltsin, then President of Russia announced that the Tajik-Afghan border was now "in effect Russia's border.” But Russia has been in economic crisis, with little capital or market to offer the newly independent Central Asian ruling classes. While Russia has the historic ties there, it is the United States, which has the initiative, provided it doesn’t suffer any major military defeat in local skirmishes with Muslim rebels.

 

28(11) Central Asian Geopolitics

(1) TURKMENISTAN IS GEOPOLITICAL PRIZE: There has never been the time when a region suddenly emerged from obscurity to global prominence so suddenly, as happened to Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Azerbaijan after the discovery of great oil and gas reserves in the region. Pentagon considers these Central Asian countries from Turkey to China as key "prizes" to be snatched up after the collapse of the Soviet Union. For Russia, struggling, bankrupt and weakened through the 1990s, control of these energy-rich countries is essential for any hopes of Russia re-emerging as a world-scale superpower. Whoever controls the Caspian region has a counterweight to the Persian Gulf, a way to strengthen control over all oil-producing states by hooking up a new energy source to the world market. The Caspian region's energy fields are landlocked, far from the oceans. Exploiting the people and resources of the Caspian region takes huge pipelines traveling hundreds of miles over mountains and deserts. Whoever controls the pipelines controls the oil. And so there has been an intense fight over who will build these new pipelines and where they will go. President Bush’ war on Afghanistan was neither about Osama bin Laden nor about Islamic terrorism, but about control over Afghanistan oil-pipeline that will be built in near future. It explains why American troops provided safe passage to Al Qaeda terrorists and Osama Bin Laden’s chief lieutenants from Afghanistan, who would otherwise brutally died at the hands of patriotic Northern alliance freedom fighters.

 

In 1998, Dick Cheney, now US vice-president but then chief executive of a major oil services company Halliburton, remarked: I cannot think of a time when we have had a region emerge as suddenly to become as strategically significant as the Caspian. But the oil and gas there is worthless until it is moved. The only route, which makes both political and economic sense, is through Afghanistan. America’s options for moving Central Asian oil are limited by its desire to prevent a strengthening of either Russia or Iran.

 

(2) TURKMENISTAN OIL FOR INDIA: It has an added benefit, in that; pipelines through Afghanistan would allow the US both to pursue its aim of diversifying energy supply; and to penetrate the world’s most lucrative markets in South Asia. United States wants to dominate the energy market of India by controlling the Afghanistan oil-pipeline. Why should India be foolish enough to let United States control the Afghanistan oil-pipeline, when it can have defense treaty with Afghanistan after the oil-pipeline is built then control the pipeline jointly with Pakistan. India may allow Pakistan earn the profit that American oil companies may earn by controlling the Afghanistan oil-pipeline.

 

Now it became obvious that America’s savage incursion into Afghan territory has less to do with accused terrorist mastermind Osama bin Laden and more to do with Pentagon’s plans for oil and political hegemony in the Caspian region and Central Asia. In addition to the plutocratic dream of an oil pipeline stretching westward through Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia into Turkey and to the West, thus skirting both Russia and Iran, is another scenario:

 

(3) AMERICA EYES UZBEKISTAN America’s main anchor in Central Asia has been Turkey, the Muslim NATO member at the far western edge of the Central Asian region. The Pentagon has operated in Central Asia by developing allied states such as Turkey and Pakistan as "strategic anchors" in Central Asia. It explains that United States undermined Kurd rebellion and democratic forces in Pakistan. The people of oil-rich Azerbaijan and much of Central Asia are Turkic people who share language and culture with Turkey. The people of Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Krygyzstan are Aryan, the descendants of Emperor Babur the founder of Mughal dynasty in India. Racially the Central Asian Republics are Aryans like Indians and Pakistanis.

 

(4) PAN-TURKIC CAMPAIGN: Turkey has gone on a puffed-up "Pan-Turkic" campaign, dreaming of Greater Turci Empire, but judiciously serving an expanding American Empire, since 1991. Turkish culture and businessmen have flooded the Central Asian region. In Azerbaijan, schools have officially switched away from the Russian alphabet to the one used in Turkey, so a whole generation is emerging that can't read any of the books published over five years ago. However, racially turkey has limited racial affinity in Central Asian Republics of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan where Iran has greater social and racial influence than Turkey could ever match. Turkey’s influence ends in Azerbaijan. Armenia and Iran as the immediate neighbor of Azerbaijan present military threats to Azerbaijan, while Turkey, as natural enemy of Armenia would always welcome ties with Azerbaijan, which is embroiled with territorial dispute with Christian Armenia.

 

(5) TURKMENISTAN OIL & GAS FIELDS: These pipelines would begin in the former Soviet Republic of Turkmenistan, which have one of the largest gas deposits in the world. In August 1997, in a bold move that conjured up memories of 19th-century Turkmen khans staving off would-be Russian conquerors, President of Turkmenistan, Saparmurad Niyazov halted gas deliveries to the Russian-controlled pipeline system that was built during the Soviet era. Former NATO commander and US Secretary of State Alexander Haig was advising Niayzov during the early nineties, when Turkmenistan stooped pumping gas through Russian pipeline networks. Turkmenistan's potential is enormous. Just inland from the Caspian shore are some of the world's oldest oil fields, and Soviet-era geological surveys indicated that the prospect for offshore finds was very good. In the trackless Garagum Desert, away from a thin line of irrigated valleys, Russian geologists discovered one gas field after another beginning in the 1960s. By 1990, Dauletabad and the adjoining Sovietabad field were producing 1.6 trillion cubic feet a year, rivaling the gigantic gas fields of Siberia. Almost all of this gas was pumped north across Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan into a Russian pipeline and on to markets in Europe and the former Soviet republics. Niyazov said he "smelled old Soviet ambitions" in Russia's use of its pipeline monopoly to keep Turkmenistan's gas from competing with Russian gas in European markets.

 

(6) NATO IN CENTRAL ASIA: With the Russian economy in shambles, the Central Asian Republics have all joined NATO’s Partnership for Peace program. The United States has trained and molded a combined Central Asian Battalion, made up of troops from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. In 1997, in a high-profile demonstration of U.S. capabilities, part of the 82nd Airborne Division flew 8,000 miles non-stop from its base in South Carolina to parachute directly into Kazakhstan. The American interest in Central Asia has much to do with the vast oil and natural gas fields that, by 2010, will make the region the world’s third largest producer of petroleum products. In 1998, troops from the U.S. Mountain Division undertook similar exercises in neighboring Kyrgyzstan.

 

(7) GUNS TO PRY CASPIAN OIL FROM RUSSIA: In the final analysis it takes guns to pry the Caspian oil from rival Russia. The Pentagon and Turkey developed an anti-Russian military alliance in the Caspian drawing Azerbaijan and Georgia into close cooperation with NATO. Azeri military officers get trained in Turkey and Azeri soldiers served within a Turkish battalion during the Balkan war. Then on October 12, 2001 the whole world learned that the U.S. had taken over the major Uzbekistan military base at Khanabad 100 miles from the Afghan border, and moved in at least a thousand U.S. mountain troops. Pentagon and the Uzbek government announced their alliance included Pentagon guarantees of protecting the government of President Islam Karimov. The arrival of American troops directly in the heart of Central Asia was a quantum leap in its global moves. It is presented as a sudden result of the new "United States war on terrorism."

 

(8) PENTAGON TIES WITH AZERBAIJAN: Pentagon solidifying military ties with oil-rich Azerbaijan on the western coast of the Caspian Sea and with oil-rich Turkmenistan on the eastern coast of the Caspian Sea, allowing direct land route for NATO troops from Europe via Georgia, the close ally of the NATO. Pentagon also developing closer ties with strategically located Uzbekistan, to provide road blocs for any southward movement of Russian troops from its bases in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. The Tajik and Kyrgyz tribal leaders have closer ties with India than with Pakistan. Pentagon and NATO had been developing this Uzbek military alliance long before 9/11, not to "fight Islamic terrorism" but to control Central Asian oil and gas fields, and to foreclose Russian option of retaking Central Asian Republics under Russian control and occupation. Pentagon sent Green Beret to train with the Uzbeks and there are the makings of two coalitions emerging in the region. The Pentagon lining up alongside Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan and encouraging its allies, Israel, Turkey and Pakistan, to invest there, while Russia retained its grip on Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. President Putin asserted Russia’s right to invade Georgia as Russian occupation of Georgia would bloc NATO troop movements to Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. Armenia is opposed to Turkey.

 

(9) GUUAM PACT: The proposed GUUAM Pact is the proposed pro-NATO military alliance to be formed out of Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, and Moldova. During the 50th anniversary conference of NATO in April 1999, an anti-Russian alliance, GUUAM, was formed out of former southern Soviet republics--Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan and Moldova. Russia will not accept NATO in its backyard. In the mid-1990s, the Pentagon picked Uzbekistan to be their eastern "anchor." Uzbekistan is supposed to be the "Central Asian stabilizer" to create a healthy balance against Russian moves that would best serve the interests of regional security, Europe and NATO. Uzbekistan is the most populous nation of Muslim Central Asia. Uzbekistan is at the very center of Central Asia. It has some oil and natural gas reserves, but to Pentagon its main importance of Uzbekistan comes from its size and location. With 22 million people, fully half of the region's population, and the area's richest agricultural region in the Ferghana valley, Uzbekistan strategically located on the northern Afghan border between energy-rich Turkmenistan and the Soviet troops of Tajikistan.

 

(10) US SPECIAL FORCES IN CENTRAL ASIA: In 1999, teams of Green Berets arrived at former Soviet garrisons outside the capital here. The mission was straightforward: to train the army of a former foe, in part to prepare its inexperienced conscripts for skirmishes with the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan. The long-term goal was more ambitious. The Green Berets were one element of an accelerating security arrangement in which United States and Uzbekistan were laying the groundwork for more extensive military cooperation. While Special Forces Green Berets were in Central Asian partners, the United States Central Command in Florida and the American Embassy in Tashkent were meeting with Uzbek defense officials, coordinating joint military programs. Under a military education program that began in 1995, many Uzbek officers were admitted to military schools in the United States. Some American troops were involved in exercises in Uzbekistan as long ago as August 1996, although those exercises did not involve Special Forces. Gen. Anthony C. Zinni of the Marine Corps, the regional commander supervised the military presence in the region, engagement efforts and Special Forces missions in Uzbekistan in 1999. These Special Forces missions have continued under the current commander, Gen. Tommy R. Franks of the Army. Several Special Forces Green Beret teams have passed through Uzbekistan and during the summer a Navy SEAL team also trained in Uzbekistan.

 

Starting with President Carter (1977-1981) in the late '70s, and expanding greatly under President Reagan (1981-1989) in the 1980s, the CIA sought out, funded, trained and armed fundamentalist Islamic forces in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Central Asia. Their goal was to unleash an anti-Russian "jihad" and spread it from Afghanistan to Central Asia to expedite the secession of Muslim-majority Central Asian republics from the stronghold of the Soviet Union. In many ways, 1996 marked a turning point for the Pentagon when it became clear that the Osama Bin Laden, Al Qaeda and Taliban might not win the war and stabilize Afghanistan and protect the interests of American oil companies and protect the Afghanistan oil-pipeline. President Clinton (1993-2001) had consented the takeover of Afghanistan by terrorist Osama Bin Laden and Al Qaeda hoping Bin Laden would protect American oil interests and protect the Afghanistan Baluchistan oil-pipeline. Loss of faith in the military capability of Taliban and Al Qaeda resulted in the Pentagon’s tilt towards Uzbekistan. The Pentagon’s ties to Uzbekistan are direct sign of America’s deepening hostility to the forces of fundamentalist Islamism generally in central Asia, as they failed to deliver the goods, defined in terms of protecting American oil-interests and expediting the Afghanistan Baluchistan oil-pipeline. Military failure of Taliban to secure Afghanistan, forced American oil companies explore the alternative pipeline route to transport Turkmenistan oil and gas via Caspian Sea and Turkey, as America had ruled out the oil-pipeline route through Iran.

 

(11) SECULAR CASPIAN MUSLIMS: When the Soviet Union fell apart in 1989, the governments that emerged in the Caspian region and Central Asian Republics were not Islamic fundamentalists. They were basically the same secular governments, which had been in power when they were part of the Soviet Union. The key former-Soviet republics overnight transformed from pro-Russian state capitalists to pro-Western state capitalists. American oil companies and Pentagon military operatives were deepening ties to these existing governments. Meanwhile, the Taliban sponsored Islamist movements in Central Asia, helping terrorist acts that were then threatening new American allies like Uzbekistan's secular President Islam Karimov. Karimov's army has been fighting his internal Islamist opposition, the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), which was and continues to be funded by Saudi Arabia and al-Qaida terrorist network. Uzbekistan has developed closer ties to Pentagon hoping it would strangulate the flow of western and Saudi funds to terrorist Islamic organizations in Uzbekistan.

 

(12) TURKEY’S ROLE IN CENTRAL ASIA: The collapse of the Soviet Union enhanced the military significance of secular Kemalist Turkey to Pentagon and NATO, because of its social and cultural influence over the Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and other Central Asian and Caucasus republics as they belonged to the same Turki racial stock, as the Turki Ottoman tribes had conquered the Byzantine Constantinople. The collapse of the Soviet Union by 1991 was not a big change in Central Asian Republics. The same Soviet-era politicians and state capitalists ruled the newly independent Central Asian Republics and Caucasus republics, using the same means, the same state structures, and the same police. The main difference was that they were looking for new masters. They took Turkey as their new model, a secular, modern Islamic Third World state with close military ties to NATO and an open door to European Union. United States had staked its reputation on line to forcibly secure an invitation by European Union to Turkey to join the European Union, because Pentagon hoped, that Turkey’s entry into European Union would also tempt Central Asian Republics seek the entry into Germany-led European Union and the US-led NATO. Because of Turkey’s influence over Central Asian Republics, that United States arranged the arrest of Kurdish leader Ocalan.

 

(13) NEAR ABROAD SPHERE OF INFLUENCE: Pentagon recognizes that Central Asia will remain within the 'near abroad' Russia's sphere of influence.” Why Russian President Putin seems to have agreed to U.S. occupation of southern Uzbekistan? President Putin’s government decided Russia would rather have the U.S. in Uzbekistan than the Taliban in Tatarstan. Tatarstan is a Russian region a few hundred miles from Moscow. Pentagon may secretly agree to allow the Russian army to stomp out the "permanent smoldering" in Chechnya, while the U.S. stomps out the "smoldering" Islamist forces operating from Afghanistan. In any case, this Pentagon-Uzbek military alliance was in the works for years before September 11, and was little the Russian government could do about it.

 

By 1996, the Pentagon was developing stable new military and political ties with several Central Asia Republics, who were often facing internal Islamist challenges. By 1996 Pentagon coming to see the fundamentalist Islamism and permanent civil war in Afghanistan as destabilizing to American oil and military interests throughout much of Central Asia and Southern Asia. After 1996, the pro-Saudi Arabia Taliban and Osama Bin Laden took increasingly anti-American pro-Saudi fundamentalism and declared "jihad" on America.

 

With no outlet to the world market, Turkmenistan's natural gas production dropped from 2,000 billion cubic feet in 1992 to 466 billion in 1998. After 1996, it became increasingly clear that Caspian oil was being bottled up by continuing instability of the post-Soviet Afghanistan governments. In 1996 only 140,000 barrels-a-day of Caspian oil were being exported outside the former Soviet republics, and Caspian oil was still less than 4 percent of total world oil production. The only pipeline that was successfully completed in the 1990s was the one over Russian soil, from the Tenghiz oilfields in Kazakhstan to the Russian port of Novorossiysk. Only a small part of the America backed Baku-Ceyhan pipe was built, opening a stretch from Baku to the Georgian Black Sea port of Supsa in 1998. An ongoing civil war in Georgia has put even those operations in danger. The CIA-financed Wahhabi Islamic fundamentalism that thwarted Soviet oil-pipeline dream also would smolder American oil-pipeline dream in Afghanistan. The Islamic terrorism that burnt Soviet Union would also burn American oil interests in Afghanistan. Even if a Baku-Ceyhan pipeline get built to transport Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan oil through the Georgian port of Supsa, Russia could always ignite the civil war in Georgia to foil American oil dreams and to militarily sabotage Baku-Ceyhan oil-pipeline. President Putin has asserted the right of Russia to undertake preemptive strikes against Georgia to match America’s first strikes against Iraq.

 

The so called free media in United States and Britain shamelessly parrot the formulaic invocation that the ongoing military campaign against Afghanistan and Iraq is a war against Islamic terrorism and war against terrorist weapons of mass destruction. Britain’s media has excelled in its willingness to parrot the official line emanating from Washington and London. But it has proved increasingly difficult for the British press barons to maintain a united journalistic front.

 

(14) GERMANY FRANCE JAPAN FEAR LOSSES: There is a growing concern within Europe Union, especially France and Germany over the direction of the Pentagon’s military campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq or lack of it. France and Germany fear that the United States will be the sole beneficiary of the war against Afghanistan and war against Iraq. Media facing public reaction against the mounting absurdities that constitute the official raison dêtre for targeting Afghanistan for crime committed by Saudi Wahhabi terrorists, who continue to operate from sanctuaries in Mecca and Medina.

 

Is they’re another, less well-advertised motive for the bombing of Afghanistan? The emphatic answer is in the affirmative, adding; The 1990 Gulf War on Iraq and 2001 war on terrorism war on Afghanistan was largely about oil, including the proposed 2003 war on Saddam Hussein is war for oil too. Oil is an important subtext to the struggle over Afghanistan. America, which consumes 22 million barrels a day, is by far the world’s biggest oil importer.

 

(15) CASPIAN OIL REDUCES OPEC DEPENDENCE: America wants to reduce its dependence on the Gulf oil-producing States, such as Saudi Arabia, which produces seven million barrels a day. Potential exists for production of four and a half million barrels a day in the former Soviet Union. Apart from Russia’s oil, these newly independent Central Asian states that are key oil-producers and hold considerable amount of proven oil and gas reserves. Already 20 billion barrels of oil reserves have been found in Kazakhstan; and there could be much more. The oil and gas so far discovered in these parts is worth $3 trillion in 2002’s prices. Getting this oil to Western markets was the culmination of the Great Game of the 21st Century, not unlike the great game Indian Empire and Russian Empire played in 19th Century in the Central Asia, which culminated in the 1909 Pamir Settlement between Indian and Russian empires that settled Amur River as the frontiers that separated Russian and Indian influences.

 

(16) UNOCAL’S AFGHAN PIPELINE PROJECT: In 1995, Unocal, the US oil company started negotiating to build oil and gas pipelines from Turkmenistan, through Afghanistan to Pakistan and on to the Baluchistan’s Gwadar ports on the Arabian Sea with the governments in the region. The Central Asian oil-pipeline project required a single administration in Afghanistan, which would guarantee safe passage for its goods. Soon after the Taliban took Kabul in September 1996, the dream of securing a pipeline across Afghanistan to Gwadar port was the main reason why Pakistan, a close political ally of America’s, had been so supportive of the Osama Bin Laden and Al Qaeda and Taliban, and why America had quietly acquiesced in its conquest of Afghanistan? Relations with the Taliban were only broken off two years later, after the US embassy bombings in east Africa. But America’s designs on Afghanistan oil-pipeline continued. After Aug. 7, 1998, when U.S. embassies were bombed in Africa, and Bill Clinton symbolically fired missiles into Afghanistan and then into Sudan, the prospect for Unocal’s investment in the pipeline disappeared. The Unocal company later announced it would only reconsider its investment when and if Afghanistan achieves the peace and stability necessary to obtain financing from international lending agencies and an established government is recognized by the United Nations and the United States.

 

(17) GREAT POWER PIPELINE GAME: Hidden in the explosive geo-political equation in the Great Power Game, is the sensitive issue of securing control and export of the Central Asian region’s vast oil and gas reserves. Afghanistan, as ever, is the key to the western and NATO domination of Asia. America’s hope of oil-monopoly would be determined by oil-wars of Central Asia and Middle East. As oil-wars in Afghanistan and Central Asia unfold, there is frantic diplomatic activity to ensure that any post-Taliban government will be pro-American, pro-democratic and pro-West. Afghanistan’s significance from an energy standpoint stems from its geographical position as a potential transit route for oil and natural gas exports from Central Asia to the Baluchistan ports in Arabian Sea. This potential includes the possible construction of oil and natural gas export pipelines through Afghanistan. If the White House succeeds after overthrowing the Taliban to replace it with a stable and grateful pro-Western government and if the America then binds the economies of central Asia to that of its ally Pakistan, it will have crushed not only terrorism, but also the growing ambitions of Russia, China and India. As oil companies build oil pipelines from the oilfields of Caucasus Caspian Sea and Central Asia to supply Japan, Europe, India and China, these strategic concerns gain military implications. American oil company Unocal’s insistence that construction of the pipeline cannot begin until a recognized government is in place in Kabul that has the confidence of governments, people, warlords, lenders, and Unocal.

 

(18) PIPELINE WOULD CONTROL OIL FIELDS: Since oil fields in Central Asia are a long way from Europe, the Central Asian oil would meet the increasing demands of South Asia, South East Asia including China, which will be big customers for petroleum products. Central Asian oil-pipeline running south from the Turkmenistan oilfields through Afghanistan to Gwadar, a Baluchistan seaport on the Arabian Sea, would be ideal route to Asian eastern market. Union Oil of California (UNOCAL) and Saudi Arabia’s Delta Oil backed the Afghanistan route, hoping that with the ongoing support from the United States, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, plus UN aid organizations the Pasthun-dominated Taliban, Saudi Arabia-dominated Wahhabi al Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden would stabilize Afghanistan and successfully eliminate the Kyrgyz and Tajik-dominated pro-India Northern Alliance.

 

(19) CASPIAN OIL OVERSHADOWS GULF OIL: According to a geopolitical hypothesis, the oil and gas resources in the Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan are so rich that in the future it could turn into one of the largest petroleum centers in the world and could well compete with the Persian Gulf. Reports of oil riches of the poor underdeveloped Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan and possibility of the transportation of oil and gas in the region via the Afghanistan-Baluchistan oil-pipeline and the landlocked status of the regional states have drawn the attention of world powers United States, Germany, Japan, India, Russia and China and that of regional powers Iran, and Pakistan.

 

(20) COMPLETION OF PIPELINE ROUTES: The prospect of economic gains has triggered off intense rivalries amongst the candidates for pipeline routes. Russia has developed the Central Asian oil-pipeline to link with its oil-terminals in the Black Sea. United States supports oil-pipeline to connect Baku oilfields to the Georgian seaport. Iran wants to develop oil-pipeline to reach Arabian Gulf oil-terminals through. United States ruled out the oil-pipeline routes through Iran and Russia and Georgia also suffers from civil war. Pentagon supports Central Asian oil-pipeline passing southward from Turkmenistan through Afghanistan and Baluchistan to the oil-terminals at Gwadar seaport oil-terminals. All are aware that whichever country emerges as the outlet of regional energy, whether Pakistan, Iran, Georgia or Russia, will be the ultimate winner. Hence the issue of the pipeline route has assumed strategic dimensions in relation to the question of energy.

 

(21) CASPIAN OIL SINGLE BIGGEST NEW FIND: During the 1990s the Central Asian Caspian region, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan turned out to be an area of international challenge and competition, as its oil wealth located in landlocked inaccessible region of Heartland. Serving as a land bridge linking northern Europe to the Indian Ocean and Europe to the Far East, the Central Asia Caspian region is surrounded by countries that draw upon the regional wealth and have rich historical and civilization backgrounds. The region of the Caucasus to the west of the Caspian is also strategically placed. It consists of three small states, all having strategic characteristics and shared borders with regional powers, Russia, Iran and Turkey. The oil and natural gas riches in Caspian Central Asia are very significant. Most of these oil and natural gas resources are physically located in the Caspian Sea basin. Although the proven and known hydrocarbon reserves are estimated to be around 200 billion barrels, they are nowhere near the size of the known reserves in the Arabian Peninsula and the Persian Gulf. Yet it is widely assessed that the Caspian Sea basin hydrocarbons could be the single biggest addition to the world's resources in 2010’s. Even with significant new discoveries in Caspian Sea basin, the Caspian Sea is unlikely to emerge as an alternative oil-source to lessen the current global energy dependence on the Persian Gulf. However, the additional resources are likely to provide a greater flexibility to the western powers primarily American oil companies that have historically managed to manipulate and play around with the international energy market.

 

The Central Asian Caspian region has turned out to be an area of international challenge and competition. Although initially the declarations regarding oil reserves in the Caspian were part of the great political circus, however, with the progress of time and thorough research, the very fact that these deposits do actually exist entails the sensitive question of their transfer to consumer markets. Since the region is landlocked, the issue of energy transfer will definitely involve the construction of onshore pipelines. Hence the competition amongst various states to influence the location of the Central Asian oil-pipelines.

 

(22) OIL IN UNDEMOCRATIC REGIMES: Oil companies oftentimes find themselves in some very difficult places, because the good Lord didn't see fit to put oil and gas only where there are democratically elected regimes. Occasionally oil companies have to operate in places where, all things considered, one would not normally choose to go. But, oil companies go where the business is. Where the business is, indeed. During Cheney's tenure, Halliburton created or continued partnerships with some of the world's most notorious governments-in countries such as Azerbaijan, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Libya and Nigeria.

 

(23) PIPELINE IS KEY TO OIL & GAS TRADE: Pipeline is key to oil and gas transportation. In the pipeline picture in the Caspian/Central Asia there are dozens of oil and gas pipeline projects in Central Asia, some estimated to cost billions of dollars and almost all pipeline projects sparked trans border disputes and controversies. Most of the pipeline projects have been discussed for decades as the oil giants wait for the right political conditions to move in. Because pipelines are the best method to transport oil and gas over land, the efficiency of such a delivery system is too tempting for energy exporters and importers to let go of plans in a hurry. And for many regional countries, which are potential oil and gas exporters and pipeline hosts, the realization of oil-pipeline projects means economic survival. Because of the instability in the Persian Gulf, American oilmen have zeroed in on the world's other major source of oil, the Caspian Basin oil and gas reserves. Its rich oil and gas resources are estimated at $4 trillion. Caspian region is the area of greatest oil and natural gas resource potential outside of the Middle East. One can't think of a time when one had a region emerge as suddenly to become as strategically significant as oil and gas producer as the Caspian region, including Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.

 

(24) LOOMING WAR FOR OIL & GAS RESOURCES: The current hot spot for where the OIL AND GAS business is happens to be the Caspian Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan, with a focus on Turkmenistan oil reserves. Geopolitical oil and gas considerations drove Pentagon’s role in Afghanistan. United States has to control oil and gas reserves of Caspian Central Asia and for that White House will make a deal with whatever governments are there in place in Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan that are willing to work with America. United States like the governments in Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan is no much concerned about issues about human rights and democratic procedure. Pentagon view Caspian Oil and Gas, as geopolitical security consideration and America will have to protect American hegemony over world’s oil and gas reserves by any means necessary, regardless of other considerations, other values. President Bush’s focus on Afghanistan is part of the American oil security consideration. Afghanistan's significance from an energy standpoint stems from its geographic position as a potential transit route for oil and natural gas exports from Central Asia to the Arabian Sea. This potential includes proposed 2.5 billion-dollar oil and gas export pipelines through Afghanistan, Baluchistan to Gwadar port, although these plans were thrown into serious question. America can control the flow and market for Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas if America controls the Turkmenistan Afghanistan Baluchistan Pipeline. Rocky war torn Afghanistan is part of energy production picture. Yankee America is not only power that is preparing for Caspian War for resources, war for oil and gas resources as India, Germany, Japan, France, China and Pakistan are also focusing how to protect or enlarge their access to vital oil and gas resources over the next generation. The vast energy reserves in Central Asia and the Caucasus made the Caspian region a priority for the United States despite Central Asia’s poor progress in post-Soviet era.

 

28(12) Pipeline Geo-Economics

(1) Geopolitics of Oil Pipeline

(1) ECONOMICS OF PIPELINE POLICY: The Pipeline diplomacy as it is called, has assumed new dimensions and political rivalry between Russia, United States, Iran and India on the determination of the final pipeline route has started. Persian gulf had been Indian lake before the Second World War. Before 1909 Pamir settlement, Indian Empire and Russian Empire indulged in the Great Power Game in Afghanistan and Central Asia. India may sign a defense pact with Iran to emerge as dominant player in the Great Power Pipeline diplomacy. The question of oil pipeline control has gained prominence due to the fact that the country that eventually turns out to be the outlet for energy would acquire significant geopolitical, military and economic privileges. Therefore, apart from the economic considerations and political parameters the geopolitical Great Power Game has also been injected into the Central Asian oil picture, with the Western countries taking a keen interest in the developments pertaining to the oil-exploration and transportation of oil in Central Asian region.

 

(2) LOOMING WORLD OIL WAR IN 2000’S: World War for Oil is looming and America’s Afghanistan war was not a war on behalf of American oil companies; it was not even a war on behalf of American multinational corporations, it was a preview of the coming World Oil War, which is over geopolitical oil and natural gas resources that is more vital than any corporation's profits or anyone's luxurious consumption. Oil, is a geopolitical national priority, and oil was part of the back story to the 9/11 terrorist attacks, and oil is a "flashpoint" on the Caspian oil and gas field that overlooks Afghanistan. Let us not bicker about whose oil is at stake, because everyone needs it now, and getting ready for war, to secure access to oil and gas resources and civilizations should wage an unified war effort, to deny barbarian terrorists control over Islamic oil fields. Afghanistan War and Iraq war is not about elite oil, it's about world’s oil, which is the lifeblood of the world economy, albeit world civilization. World economy has insatiable hunger for oil and natural gas. Owners of oil and gas fields cannot withhold the gas and oil from consumers.

 

(3) TURKMENISTAN OIL MEANT FOR INDIA: United States and China became scared when Indian Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee went to meet his counterpart Prime Minister Nawaz Sharief in Pakistan, after India and Pakistan had exploded nuclear devices in 1988. President Clinton overthrew the government of Nawaj Sharief fearing that he would sign a defense pact with India and shut United States as well as China out of Turkmenistan Oil and Gas finds and Afghanistan oil pipeline. India can consume the entire production of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas. Oil and gas wealth of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan would make India and Pakistan very wealthy, powerful and prosperous. Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan had been part of Mughal Empire established by Emperor Babur, Samarkand born King of Uzbekistan. Throughout 19th Century India and Russia competed for influence in Central Asia, which resulted in the 1909 Pamir Settlement. Turkmenistan oil and gas are meant for Indian markets and United States fooled India to preempt India in the Great Power Oil Game in the Central Asia. At what point did Afghanistan war became an oil war, when it was touted first as a war for freedom, then a war against terrorism, and later a war for justice, and last a war about Turkmenistan oil and gas reserves, which are ideally suited for expanding Indian market, the world’s fourth largest economy, with 1.1 billion people, and GNP at PPP of US$ 2.2 trillion in 2001. World’s four largest economies in 2001 are: United States ($8.4 trillion), China ($4.1 trillion), Japan ($3 trillion), and India ($2.2 trillion). Oil and gas of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan can be supplied to India, China and Japan.

 

(4) WHICH PIPELINE WOULD WIN? It's too early to pass a final judgment on preferred pipeline routes, more so because there are doubts regarding the exact amount of energy reserves in Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan region and costs involved in oil and gas extraction and transportation via oil-pipelines. The American pipeline diplomacy, despite being political and military in nature, will have to emerge in accordance with the Central Asian Caspian economic and political realities.

 

(5) COUNTRY OUTLET FOR ENERGY: The Oil Pipeline Diplomacy and the control of Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan oil-pipeline has great geopolitical significance due to the fact that the country that eventually turns out to be the outlet for energy would acquire significant privileges. Therefore, apart from the economic considerations and political parameters, the geopolitical and military parameters have also been injected into the picture, with the United States, India, Pakistan, Iran, Germany, Turkey and Russia taking a keen interest in the developments pertaining to the oil pipeline in the Afghanistan and Baluchistan region. The Pipeline diplomacy as it is called, has assumed new dimensions and political rivalry between Russia, United States, Iran, China, India, Pakistan, Turkey on the determination of the final pipeline route has started and continue to be the most important military determinant that could flare up Third World War. India considers the Central Asian oil bonanza belongs to India as Indian Empire and Russian Empire played the Great Power Game in the Central Asia in the 19th Century that resulted in the 1909 Pamir Settlement. Control over oil reserves of Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan would make India economic super power. Unless India is guaranteed half of the incomes of the Turkmenistan oil and gas incomes, it would not allow western powers to gain control over Turkmenistan.

 

(2) Various Pipeline Projects

(1) CENTRAL ASIAN OIL PIPELINE PROJECT: Unocal’s $2.5 billion Central Asian Oil Pipeline Project planned to bring Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas to India and Baluchistan ports. Unocal had previously stressed that the CentGas pipeline project would not proceed until an internationally recognized government was in place in Afghanistan.

 

(2) CHARDZOU GWADAR OIL PIPELINE 1000 MILE: Besides the gas pipeline, Unocal also had considered building a 1,000-mile, 1-million barrel-per-day (bbl/d) capacity oil pipeline that would link Chardzou, Turkmenistan to Pakistan's Arabian Sea Coast via Afghanistan. Since the Chardzou refinery is already linked to Russia's Western Siberian oil fields, this line could provide a possible alternative export route for regional oil production from the Caspian Sea. The $2.5-billion pipeline is known as the Central Asian Oil Pipeline Project. For a variety of reasons, including high political risk and security concerns, financing for Central Asian Oil Pipeline Project remains elusive.

 

(3) HAIG PIPELINE PROJECT: In 1993 Alexander Haig led a consortium to build a pipeline from Turkmenistan through Iran. Haig's project did not involve U.S. companies. Haig's pipeline enterprise was registered in the British Virgin Islands. The idea foundered on the opposition of the Clinton administration. But the idea of new routes for the Turkmenistan oil and gas did not end with the Haig plan.

 

(4) BRIDAS PIPELINE PROJECT: The initial enthusiast for the Afghan route was not an American, however, but Carlos Bulgheroni, the short, workaholic chairman of the Bridas Group, an Argentine company. In 1993, a Bridas joint venture with Turkmenistan had begun laying more than 2,000 miles of seismic lines to map the geology of a potential gas field in eastern Turkmenistan. Two test wells confirmed a huge gas deposit 150 miles from the Afghan border. In the spring of 1995, Turkmenistan and Pakistan commissioned Bulgheroni's company to study the Afghan route.

 

(5) UNOCAL PIPELINE PROJECT: But in 1995 summer, a rival entered the game. John Imle, president of California-based Unocal Corp., wooed Niyazov and Benazir Bhutto, then prime minister of Pakistan, throughout July 1995 with a vision of a Unocal pipeline following roughly the same route as the one proposed by Bridas. By early 1998 a Unocal led consortium had made a deal with the Taliban to construct an Afghanistan pipeline from Turkmenistan to Pakistan.

 

(6) EAST WEST ENERGY CORRIDOR: American Central Asian pipeline diplomacy revolves around the East-West Energy Corridor, which effectively sets aside the routes of the north and the south and thus blocks Iran and Russia from playing effective roles in Central Asian regional oil-pipeline development. American Central Asian pipeline policy provides a strategic justification for Pentagon’s military presence in Afghanistan and Central Asia and the eastward expansion of NATO to Afghanistan.

 

(7) BAKU-SUSPA GEORGIA OIL PIPELINE: The western route for early oil from the AIOC joint venture in Azerbaijan passes from Baku, Azerbaijan to the Georgian port of Supsa on the Black Sea. The pipeline became operational in April 1999. Proposals have been made to increase throughput along this route from the original design capacity of 115,000 bbl/d to 300,000 bbl/d or even 600,000 bbl/d.

 

(8) BAKU-CEYHAN TURKEY OIL PIPELINE: This western route was one of the alternative routes considered for the MEP (Major Export Project) for oil from the AIOC, but support for the final route has recently been given to another route, the Baku-Ceyhan route that traverses Georgia en route to Ceyhan, Turkey. Georgia is part of the Eurasian Transport Corridor (TRACECA) to transport goods across Azerbaijan and Georgia en route to Europe via Georgia's Black Sea ports. Georgian President Shevardnaze has encouraged expansion of these ports, and proposed that Kazakhstan could build additional oil terminals at Georgia's Black Sea ports that would be owned by Kazakhstan. Oil transit through Georgia by pipeline and rail totaled 120,000 bbl/d in 1999. This total could increase by 140,000 bbl/d via a pipeline separate from the ones for the early AIOC oil in 2000. Chevron and Caspian Transco agreed to improve and operate the smaller pipeline from Khashuri to the ports of Supsa and Batumi in 1998, and the pipeline could provide a cheaper way of moving Tengiz oil across Georgia.

 

(9) GARDABANI-BATUMI OIL PIPELINE: World Bank (WB) and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) are financing the reconstruction of the Gardabani-Batumi oil pipeline that transports oil produced in Azerbaijan and Georgia to the refinery at Batumi. Shipments have been limited by capacity at ports such as Dubendi (Azerbaijan), where the terminal has a capacity of about 50,000 bbl/d. Georgia has already become a rail transit center for Caspian Sea oil, and over 50,000 bbl/d of oil from the Tengiz project in Kazakhstan were shipped across the Caspian Sea by barge to Azerbaijan and carried across Azerbaijan and Georgia by rail.

 

(10) KULEVI RAILWAY OIL TERMINAL: Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze has approved the Georgian-Austrian company Terminal-2000's recent plan to transport 12,000 bbl/d of oil from Turkmenistan across Azerbaijan and Georgia by rail to a new oil terminal to be built at Kulevi. Georgia and Turkey also announced plans to utilize a 172-mile railway line between Tbilisi (Georgia) and Kars (Turkey) to transport up to 200,000 bbl/d of crude oil from the planned trans-Georgian pipeline to Turkish refineries. The plan will require refurbishing an existing line from Tbilisi to Akhalkalaki for $200 million, and extending the line 77 miles to Kars for $400 million, and could take three years.

 

(11) TRANS CASPIAN GAS PIPELINE: Georgia could become a major transit center for natural gas. The Ankara Declaration proposed trans-Caspian gas pipeline would pass through Georgia en route to Turkey along part of the route used by the Baku-Ceyhan oil pipeline. Four countries involved in the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline project, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey, focused on the project treaty, signing of which will allow negotiations with investors to begin. They also discussed the agreements that the operators of the project, m/s PSG the joint venture of the American and Royal Dutch/Shell, must conclude with each of the four countries. Azerbaijan plans to export over 175 bcf per year of its own natural gas via Georgia in 2002-2003 once production at the Shah Deniz field comes on line. Turkey would be the first export market, with Bulgaria, Greece, and Romania also possible markets.

 

(12) GAZI MAHAMMAD-AGDASH-GAZAKH PIPELINE: Exports via Georgia to Turkey could begin with the reconstruction of the Gazi Mahammad-Agdash-Gazakh pipeline in Azerbaijan and Georgia, and completion of an extension to Erzerum, Turkey. Expansions of this route to over 565 bcf per year have been proposed. Natural gas also could transit Georgia via a proposed north-south pipeline from Russia to eastern Turkey, with one route also passing through Armenia en route.

 

(13) TRANS-GEORGIAN PIPELINE: Georgia held discussions with Gazprom of Russia on refurbishing the existing North Caucasus-Tran Caucasian natural gas pipeline and to extend it into a trans-Georgian pipeline to bring Russian gas to Armenia and Turkey. The $250-million project to upgrade pipelines could eventually carry 425 bcf per year of gas. Gazprom has not made construction of this pipeline a priority.

 

(14) RUSSIAN BLUE STREAM PIPELINE: Gazprom of Russia concentrating instead on its Blue Stream pipeline project that will transport Russian natural gas to Turkey via an undersea route across the Black Sea. A smaller north-south pipeline has been proposed that would transport up to 88 bcf per year of natural gas from Iran to Armenia, and then to Georgia, Russia's North Caucasus region, and northeastern Turkey. Gazprom, Gas de France, NIOC, and the Armenian Energy Ministry are moving forward with this project, which initially will consist of a $200 million, 87 mile-long pipelines into Armenia. Sonoco is also moving forward with a plan to ship 1.5 million metric tons of liquefied natural gas (LNG) per year from Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan across the Caspian to Baku, where it would then be shipped by rail to Georgian ports en route to Turkey and other Mediterranean customers. Sonoco has set up a joint venture with Georgia's Ajargazi railway and a Turkish partner, and has also spent $600,000 to install facilities at the Georgian port of Batumi.

 

(3) Pipeline Route via Afghanistan

(1) PROBLEM OF AFGHAN CIVIL WAR: On the question of the Afghanistan route the most obvious drawback of a proposed pipeline from Turkmenistan, through Afghanistan, to Pakistan and down to the Arabian Sea is that there is still a civil war going on in Afghanistan. Nevertheless, all factions in the civil war have signed agreements supporting the proposed pipeline. Unocal is leading an international consortium to construct the central Asian pipeline through Afghanistan.

 

(2) INDIA IS THE MARKET FOR CASPIAN OIL: the basic problem with the existing and proposed western routes, across northern Russia, or to ports on the Black Sea, or under the Caspian and down to Turkey, is that they all lead to European markets. Western Europe is a tough market. It is characterized by high prices for oil products, an aging population, and increasing competition from natural gas. Furthermore, European oil market is fiercely competitive. European oil market being serviced by fields from Middle East, the North Sea, Scandinavia, and Russia. Though there is room for Central Asia's oil, Western Europe is not a very attractive market, because substantial infrastructure will have to be developed to bring that oil from the Caspian to the competitive European Union market. Much the same is true of Eastern Europe and the countries of the former Soviet Union. But Asia is a completely different story. Asia will be the fastest growing market for Caspian oil, even if the region's present financial crisis should lead to a prolonged economic slowdown. Three routes to Asian markets have been proposed: Through China, through Iran, and through Afghanistan to Pakistan.

 

(3) AFGHANISTAN PIPELINE IS GOOD IDEA: A commercial corridor, a "new" Silk Road, can link the Central Asia supply with the demand -- once again making Central Asia the crossroads between Europe and Asia. In Unocal’s view, the proposed China route is too long, and will probably prove to be prohibitively expensive. The major argument against the Iran route is, that the White House opposes any Caspian oil and gas pipeline project that goes via Iran. Among the many advantages of the Afghanistan route is that it would terminate in the Arabian Sea, which is much closer than the India, Persian Gulf or northern China, the key Asian markets. There is tremendous international and regional political will behind the Afghanistan pipeline. The Afghanistan pipeline is beneficial to Caspian Central Asian countries because it would allow them to sell their oil in expanding and highly prospective South Asian markets, principally India. The Afghanistan pipeline is beneficial to Afghanistan, which would receive revenues from transport tariffs. On a regional level, the Afghanistan pipeline will promote stability and encourage trade and economic development between India and Central Asia. Finally, because of the combination of short pipeline distance and the relatively low cost of tanker transportation, this southern route will result in the most competitive export route to India, China and Japan.

 

The Unocal-led initiative foundered in 1998, after the US cruise missile retaliation against Bin Laden's Afghan camps for the bombings of its African embassies. Yet construction of this promising route can only begin if and when an internationally recognized government is formed in Afghanistan. Developing cost-effective, profitable and efficient export routes for Central Asia resources is a formidable, but not impossible, task. It has been accomplished before. From the American standpoint, the only way to deny Iran everything is for the anti-Iranian Taliban to win in Afghanistan and to agree to the pipeline through their territory. The Pakistanis, who would also benefit from this arrangement, are willing to defy the Iranians for a share of the pot.

 

(4) UNOCAL CENTGAS CONSORTIUM: The Unocal led CentGas consortium consisted of the following companies. Unocal Corporation (US), 46.5 percent Delta Oil Company Limited (Saudi Arabia), 15 percent The Government of Turkmenistan, 7 percent Indonesia Petroleum, LTD. (INPEX) (Japan), 6.5 percent ITOCHU Oil Exploration Co., Ltd. CIECO) (Japan), 6.5 percent Hyundai Engineering & Construction Co., Ltd. Korea), 5 percent The Crescent Group (Pakistan), 3.5 percent

 

(5) HERAT KANDHAR QUETTA MULTAN GWADAR 790-MILE PIPELINE: The 48-inch diameter pipeline was to extend 790 miles (1,271 kilometers) from the Afghanistan-Turkmenistan border, generally follow the Herat-to-Kandahar Road through Afghanistan, cross the Pakistan border in the vicinity of Quetta, and terminate in Multan, Pakistan, where it would tie into an existing pipeline system.

 

(6) AFGHAN-DAULETABAD 105-MILE PIPELINE: Turkmenistan was to construct a pipeline that will link with the CentGas line at the border and stretch approximately 105 miles (169 kilometers) to the Dauletabad Field.

 

(7) MULTAN-DELHI 400-MILE PIPELINE: A potential 400-mile (644-kilometer) extension from Multan to New Delhi also was under consideration.

 

(8) TURKMENISTAN BALUCHISTAN OIL PIPELINE: Oil and gas Pipeline to Pakistan via Afghanistan would directly bring Turkmenistan oil and gas to India and Pakistan. Turkmenistan has signed a memorandum of understanding with Afghanistan and Pakistan to build a 1 million-bbl/d pipeline to carry petroleum to Pakistan and world markets via Afghanistan. This eastward route, along with one to China, is one of the few alternatives to the Iranian route for exporting Central Asian oil to Asian markets. In October 1997, a tripartite commission comprising the Islamic State of Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, and Pakistan was formed to start work on building this pipeline. Two competing groups, led by Bridas of Argentina and Unocal of the United States, offered to build the pipelines. No progress has been made on these pipelines due to the ongoing civil war in Afghanistan. Following the August 20, 1998 Pentagon’s bombing raids on suspected Afghan strongholds of suspected terrorist Osama bin Laden, Unocal announced that it was suspending work on the pipelines, and in December 1998, it withdrew from the consortium (comprising the Turkmenistan government, Delta Oil (Saudi Arabia), Itochu (Japan), Pakistan's Crescent Group, Hyundai (South Korea), and Japan's Indonesia Petroleum Company).

 

(9) BRIDAS OVERTAKES UNOCAL: Unocal cited low oil prices, turmoil in the region, and high risk. Bridas has stated that it would not need to wait for resolution of all political issues, and that it would have the necessary finances to move forward with the gas pipeline project on its own. Natural Gas - In July 1997, Turkmenistan signed a memorandum of understanding with Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Uzbekistan to build a Central Asia Gas (Centgas) pipeline to carry 0.7 Tcf per year of natural gas to Pakistan via Afghanistan (and possibly to India as well).

 

(10) COMMON OIL AND GAS PIPELINES: The Central Asian oil and natural gas pipelines could share a common right-of-way for a portion of the route. However, the withdrawals of consortium members Gazprom in June 1998 and Unocal in December 1998 left the project in limbo. In April 1999, Pakistan, Turkmenistan and Afghanistan agreed to reactivate the Centgas project, and to ask the Centgas consortium, now led by Saudi Arabia's Delta Oil, to proceed.

 

(4) Pipeline Route via Iran

(1) IRAN MARKET OF CASPIAN OIL-GAS: Iran can be considered as a natural oil and gas market of the Caspian region. Iran, a major oil producer itself, has oil fields which are situated down south near the Persian Gulf and are at a distance of approximately one thousand kilometers from northern regions like Tehran, Tabriz, Mashad and so on, which happen to be major consumers of energy. These areas are geographically closer to the Caspian oil and gas fields than to the south Iranian oilfields. Iran possesses four oil refineries in the north of the country which process about 1.3 billion barrels of oil pumped from the southern Iran, and Iran has a huge consumption of oil in Northern Iran which does not have oil-fields. The oil-pipeline passing through Iran and reaching Baluchistan port oil-outlets provide very sensible oil-pipeline and which would not be under the control of instable Pakistan. Iran has the economical potential of using the oil and gas reserves of the Caspian region.

 

Iran seems to be a strong candidate to justify the option of purchasing Caspian oil and gas from the north and exporting a commensurate amount from the south Iran in the context of swap arrangements. Given such dynamics, Iran can possibly turn out to be the main consumer country in the Caspian region. The pipeline route through Iran is probably the most economically viable option for the export of oil and gas from the region. Due to Iran’s proximity to the Caspian oilfields, it will be easier to transfer considerable amounts of energy in a relatively lesser amount of time. Since the required oil-transportation paraphernalia already is in place in Iran, the oil and gas transfer from Caspian oilfields to oil terminals at ports through Iran would be much cheaper. In case the Iran option is exercised, the cost of each barrel of oil will work out to about 60 cents. If other routes are used, oil transportation will cost around $5 to $8 per barrel from the oilfield to the seaport oil terminals.

 

(2) CASPIAN OIL PIPELINE VIA IRAN: The pipeline running through Iran to link the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf will be the shortest, safest and most economical, facilitating transfer of oil to the markets in Japan and the Far East. Principally due to the United States and the NATO’s pursuance of a policy of containment of Iran, despite the advantages provided by the exercise of the Iran pipeline option the issue has been effectively pushed in to the background. However, notwithstanding all the opposition, Iran still provides the best and most attractive alternative route. United States has not ruled out the possibility of future pipeline construction through Iranian territory.

 

(3) KAZAKHSTAN IRAN OIL PIPELINE: In July 1999, Kazakhstan President Nazarbayev stated that Iran would provide the main route for the export of Kazakh energy resources. Washington's rejection of the Iran oil-pipeline undermines American national interest of energy route diversification. United States opposes Central Asian oil-pipeline through Iran to further isolating Iran. Any change in the American policy towards Iran would inevitably divert the general Central Asian pipeline policy towards Iran as the most logical solution. With this in view, Russia and Turkey have expressed apprehensions over the prospects of American-Iran rapprochement vis-à-vis the effects on the Central Asian pipeline policy. Russia and turkey fear that the change in US perception of Iran will spell doom for oil-pipeline routes through Russia and Turkey. Pentagon’s pro-Iranian pipeline diplomacy will prompt Iran to tilt economically towards United States, and the new circumstances can bring about Iran's reconsideration of procuring Russian technological and military supplies. In such a scenario, Russia not only runs the risk of losing multi-million dollar contracts, but it also dreads being driven out of its traditional sphere of influence in Iran. Whenever Iran reenters the America’s sphere of interests, it is possible that Iran might activate its national-religious policy in the Muslim Central Asian former Soviet territory to the detriment of Russian national interests.

 

(4) AMERICANS CAN’T INVEST IN IRAN OIL: Any large investment in Iran's oil and gas sector for developing oil pipelines that go through Iran would be legally problematic for American oil companies as U.S. Presidential Executive Orders signed in 1995 prohibit American companies from conducting business with Iran. Furthermore, the US Iran and Libya Sanctions Act of 1996 imposes sanctions on non-American companies that make large investments in the Iranian oil and gas sectors.

 

(5) OIL PIPELINES THROUGH IRAN: Iran has long maintained that routes through Iran to the Persian Gulf are the shortest and most economical for exporting oil from the Caspian Sea. In addition, the Persian Gulf routes would transport oil to Asia, where the demand for oil is projected to grow faster and command a higher price than the Mediterranean markets that most of the competing pipelines would serve. Oil could be exported via Iran in two ways: 1) by direct transportation by pipelines that pass through Iran en route to the Persian Gulf; and 2) by oil swaps. Under this arrangement, Caspian oil would be shipped to Iran's Caspian Sea ports, and transported via pipeline, rail, and tanker trucks to refineries located in northern Iran. There is a corresponding reduction in the amount of oil shipped to the refineries by Iran from its southern oil fields via the north-south pipeline, with the oil exported instead from Iran's Persian Gulf ports on the oil producer's behalf.

 

(6) AMERICA OPPOSES IRAN OIL SWAPS: The United States has opposed large-scale swap arrangements with Iran by American companies. Kazakhstan signed an agreement in 1996 to begin oil swaps with Iran, although volumes limited by contract and technical issues, including the initial problems by Iranian refineries in processing Kazakh crude oil. With the resolution of these issues, oil swaps of 40,000 bbl/d could resume in the near future. Volumes could increase further with the completion of an oil pipeline project that would increase transport capacity from the Iranian Caspian Sea port of Neka to Tehran to 175,000 bbl/d (rising to 370,000 bbl/d), and tie into the existing Iranian pipeline network. Proposals have been made to further increase capacity to over 800,000 bbl/d with the construction of additional pipelines. Several possibilities are available for direct transportation of Caspian oil to the Persian Gulf. One option would be to construct a new 1 million-bbl/d pipeline from Kazakhstan through Turkmenistan to the middle of Iran, connecting to Iran existing pipeline network that could be used to transport oil south to Iran's Persian Gulf ports.

 

(7) AZERBAIJAN OIL VIA IRAN: Iran has suggested that Azerbaijan could transport its oil through Iran, either by: 1) shipping oil eastwards from Baku across the Caspian to the port of Turkmenbashi, Turkmenistan, where it could connect with the proposed new pipeline; or 2) by transporting oil from Baku via a proposed 190-mile pipeline to Tabriz in northwest Iran, where it would also connect with the existing Iranian pipeline network and refineries. France's Elf Aquitaine and TotalFina have proposed building a 200,000 - 400,000 bbl/d pipeline for this plan. Azerbaijan has indicated that progress on disputes with Iran concerning the division of the Caspian would need to occur before such as project moved forward, as well as Iranian progress towards improved relations with the United States.

 

(8) KORPJE-KORD-KUI GAS PIPELINE: The natural gas pipeline from Korpeje in Turkmenistan to Kord-Kui in Iran. Iran has proposed that Turkmenistan could export up to 1.8 Tcf of natural gas per year via Iran. This option differs from the Russian and Trans-Caspian options in that Turkmenistan would not export its gas directly to customers via trans-Iranian pipelines. Instead, completion of pipelines to Iran would enable Iran to buy Turkmen gas at the border, and either consume or re-export this gas to markets such as Turkey by linking to a proposed Iranian gas pipeline to Turkey. The Iranian option would require the construction of two natural gas pipelines. Phase I - completing a pipeline from Korpeje in Turkmenistan to Kord-Kui in Iran - was completed in late 1997, and flows are projected to reach capacity of 0.5 Tcf per year 2001-2003. Proposals have been made to increase the capacity of this pipeline to 1.1 Tcf in 2010.

 

(9) IRAN TURKEY GAS PIPELINE: Royal Dutch/Shell determined that it would also be both technically and economically feasible to build a pipeline segment connecting the Iranian natural gas pipeline network with Turkey's natural gas network to carry these volumes. However, this option is currently not being pursued both because Iran is a competitor with Turkmenistan for gas supplies to Turkey, and because Turkmenistan wants to export directly to Turkey at a fair price, and does not want its gas re-exported to Turkey by Iran.

 

(10) BAKU-ASTARA GAS PIPELINE: Iran will use Baku (Azerbaijan) Astra Iran natural gas pipeline for gas swaps with Azerbaijan. Iran has also shown interest in natural gas swaps with Azerbaijan using an existing 283 bcf per year pipeline built during Soviet times from Baku to Astara, Iran that has been unused for two decades. Iran has estimated that the pipeline could be rehabilitated within six months of an agreement. Iran has offered to pay for the renovation, but the proposal faces opposition from the United States.

 

(11) IRAN CASPIAN PIPELINE BEST OPTION: Given the pros and cons and the feasibility of Iran's geo-strategic and political position, it appears that the Central Asian oil-pipeline option through Iran happens to be the most advantageous one, in terms of economic efficiency and political stability. The diplomatic gains for Iran, in the event of improved American-Iranian ties would be bad news for Turkey and Pakistan. Turkey realizes that the pipeline diplomacy of American and western oil companies regarding the Iran pipeline route will change whenever White House softens its stance with Tehran, and they shall increase lobbying to set aside the Baku-Geyhan route in favor of the Iran alternative will increase manifold. Also, an improved Iranian relationship with the West and the United States will undermine Turkey's influential regional position and will be nothing but bad news for Turkey. Though an Iran-America detente still seems to be a far-fetched idea, there are diplomatic indications that the time is not far away when Iran and America will come closer to each other, but on an equal footing.

 

(5) American Pipeline Diplomacy

(1) PENTAGON’S VICTORY HELPS UNOCAL: American oil companies will increase their involvement in the Central Asian oil exploration and oil-pipeline projects, whenever Pentagon and NATO militarily makes its way into Afghanistan and Central Asia, much on the pattern of the Persian Gulf. NATO will establish a military presence, especially near the oil field and transit points of the Caspian, a move that will wield considerable strategic significance in Central Asia. Then Pentagon and NATO would actively pursue the engagement of regional countries, particularly in the southern Caucasus, in prospective security arrangements with Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan.

 

(2) TRANS CASPIAN PIPELINE: The United States has supports trans-Caspian routes for Central Asian oil and gas as an alternative to pipelines passing though Iran. Russia and Iran have raised concerns about the environmental impact of Caspian Sea development, and in the past have opposed the laying of trans-Caspian pipelines on ecological grounds. The trans-national pipelines have raised a series of Caspian Sea legal and environmental concerns amongst all of the Caspian littoral countries. Territorial disputes need to be resolved as well. Caspian Oil is being shipped across the Caspian from Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan to the port of Baku in Azerbaijan for further trans-shipment westward to the Black Sea. Oil-shipment volumes increased from 2,000 bbl/d in 1996 an estimated 54,000 bbl/d in 1999. Texaco has estimated that 400,000 bbl/d could be transported across the Caspian this way with capacity expansions at the Turkmen and Kazakh Caspian Sea ports. Capacity at Kazakhstan's Aktau seaport was increased to 160,000 bbl/d in 1999.

 

(3) TENGIZCHEVROIL JV: These totals are expected to rise further with expansions to pipeline, port, and rail infrastructure in Azerbaijan and Georgia. The Tengizchevroil joint venture plans to export up to 200,000 bbl/d along these routes, the pipelines they will use are separate from those in the western route for AIOC's "early oil". The expansions to the Sangachal oil terminal facilities at the seaport in Dyubendi (30 miles northeast of Baku) will increase its capacity to receive oil from 115,000 bbl/d to 500,000 bbl/d.

 

(4) CROSS CASPIAN PIPELINES: As Caspian production increases, trans-Caspian pipelines could bring increasing volumes of oil and gas from Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan across the Caspian. The cross-Caspian pipelines would connect with other export pipelines from the Caspian region, such as the proposed MEP. Eventually, the cross-Caspian pipelines could be connected on the east with export routes flowing eastward as well.

 

(5) AKTAU-BAKU GAS-OIL PIPELINE: Kazakhstan in December 1998, signed an agreement with Royal Dutch/Shell, Chevron, and Mobil to conduct a feasibility study for twin oil and gas pipelines that would pass across the Caspian Sea from Aktau in western Kazakhstan to Baku. It is doubtful whether there will be enough Kazakh and Turkmen oil to export to make this project economically viable.

 

(6) TURKMENISTAN AZERBAIJAN GAS LINE: The USTDA funded a $750,000 feasibility study conducted by Enron for a natural gas pipeline from Turkmenistan to Azerbaijan. Unocal also completed another feasibility study on Turkmenistan Azerbaijan natural Gas pipeline.

 

(7) TRANS-CASPIAN GAS PIPELINE: The United States has supports trans-Caspian routes for Central Asian oil and gas as an alternative to pipelines passing though Iran. Russia and Iran have raised concerns about the Trans Caspian Submarine Gas Pipeline project. Turkey and Turkmenistan signed a 30-year agreement On May 21, 1999 to ship 700 bcf/year of Turkmen gas to Turkey, with the rest exported to Europe. Georgia has proposed that trans-Caspian pipeline could also be linked to the Russian natural gas pipeline system. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey and Turkmenistan On November 18, 1999, met in Istanbul, Turkey, and began laying the legal framework for this route by signing an Intergovernmental Declaration outlining the principles for the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline route running from Turkmenistan, through Azerbaijan and Georgia, to Turkey. The document signed by the Governments of Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey will provide the foundation for an Intergovernmental Agreement and Host Government Agreements. Construction is anticipated to begin immediately following financial closure, which was expected in end-2000, with natural gas scheduled to begin flowing in late 2002. The document provided the first explicit permission by the Governments on Azerbaijan and Georgia to permit this pipeline to cross their territories. Further agreements will define more clearly the rights and obligations among the parties. Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan have been unable to agree on space allocations for the 1 Tcf capacity pipeline, with Turkmenistan offering Azerbaijan 10% of the pipeline volumes for Azeri exports, while Azerbaijan, which had asked for 50% of the available capacity on the pipeline, but has tentatively agreed to a 1/6 share. PSG a joint venture between General Electric and Bechtel signed an agreement to be the operator of the project, and was later joined by Royal Dutch-Shell. The PSG shall be the joint operator of the project, and PSG now is the joint venture of General Electric, Bechtel and Royal Dutch-Shell.

 

(8) ARMENIAN TRANS CASPIAN PIPELINE: Armenia has argued that trans-Caspian routes passing through it northern section would be technically easier, and cost at least half a billion dollars less than other routes. The Armenian routes have been included in the EU's INOGATE program, but Azerbaijan has stated that economic cooperation with Armenia would only come after resolution of the Nagorno-Karbakh conflict.

 

(9) BAKU-TBILSI-CEYHAN PIPELINE: The signing of the Ankara Declaration backing the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan route on Oct 29, 1998. The Turkish port of Ceyhan was one of several oil export destinations considered for the MEP (Maian Export Pipeline) route for oil from Azerbaijan. Ankara Declaration signed by the governments of Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Turkey, and Uzbekistan, with Turkmenistan abstaining. The United States also has backed this route because it avoided Iran.

 

(6) Pipeline route via China

(1) KAZAKHSTAN TO CHINA OIL PIPELINE:

Tengizchevroil has made test deliveries to China by rail, and Kazakhstan exported 50,000 bbl/d of crude oil to China via rail in 1999. A feasibility study for an oil pipeline from Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan to China was halted in September 1999 because Kazakhstan would not be able to commit the minimum flows needed (400,000 bbl/d) for the pipeline to be viable for the next 10 years. Both pipelines face numerous financial and technical difficulties because of the distances and terrain along this route.

 

(2) TURKMENISTAN TO CHINA GAS PIPELINE: Exxon, Mitsubishi, and China National Petroleum submitted a preliminary feasibility study for the construction of the world's longest natural gas pipeline from Turkmenistan to the Chinese coast, and perhaps continuing onwards to Japan.

 

(7) Pipeline route via Russia

(1) ATYRAU-SAMARA RUSSIAN OIL PIPELINE: To Russia Oil - Prior to the breakup of the Soviet Union, there was only one major crude export pipeline, the 200,000-bbl/d Atyrau-Samara pipeline from Kazakhstan to Russia, that connected Caspian Sea oil production to the Russian crude oil export pipeline system and world markets. Alternate routes forced Russia to compete with other export outlets for Caspian oil. Russia began by increasing Kazakhstan's export quotas along the Atyrau pipeline, and Russian tariffs fell sharply following the devaluation of the Ruble in the aftermath of its 1998 financial crisis. Russia will further expand the capacity of the Atyrau-Saransk-Samara pipeline to 310,000 bbl/d. Furthermore, Russia has been developing additional pipeline and shipping routes.

 

(2) TENGIZ-NOVOROSIISK OIL PIPELINE: The Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) has chosen the Tengiz-Novorosiisk route to transport Kazakh oil from the Tengiz oil field to world markets via Black Sea ports around Novorosiisk. The Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) will also refurbish an existing 136-mile long pipeline in the Astrakhan region that could also be used to export oil from the Tengiz field and the Astrakhan region. The pipeline expected to be commissioned in 2001 with a first phase capacity of 564,000 bbl/d, but it will not reach its full capacity of 1.34 million bbl/d until about 2015. The pipeline could also connect with Russia's Caspian Sea ports in Astrakhan. With the completion of Phase I of the CPC line in mid-2001 and the expansion of the Atyrau line, Kazakhstan will have about 1 million bbl/d of pipeline export capacity. Chevron has estimated that during its 35-40 year expected life, the pipeline could bring in $23 billion in taxes for Russia's federal and provincial governments (Kazakhstan's tax revenues were projected at $8 billion), and add about $84 billion to Russia's GDP. Novorosiisk is also the terminus for the northern route for early oil export route for AIOC oil.

 

Initial exports, or "early oil", began flowing by end-1997 at an average rate of 40,000 bbl/d from 100,000-bbl/d pipeline design capacity along a northern route from Baku, Azerbaijan via Chechnya to the Russian Black Sea port of Novorosiisk. Throughput on this line had been limited because of disputes over transit payments to Chechnya, pumping limitations, and the conflict in Chechnya. The war in Chechnya prompted Transneft to construct a 120,000 bbl/d Chechnya pipeline bypass (160,000 bbl/d including rail links) completed in 2000 that includes a spur to Russia's Caspian Sea port of Makhachkala.

 

Transneft has stated that Azerbaijan has not fulfilled its commitment to export oil along the bypass. The pipeline could eventually transport up to 360,000 bbl/d of oil, enabling additional exports from Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan. The Russian Transport Ministry has proposed shipping oil via barge and tanker from Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan to Russian ports on the Caspian Sea such as Makhachkala and Astrakhan. From there, it could be shipped via a 100,000 bbl/d pipeline or by rail to ports such as Novorosiisk and Tuapse on the Black Sea; Kazakh rail exports from the Tengiz oil field through Russia could reach 100,000 bbl/d in 2000.

 

The Transport Ministry indicated that Mobil is planning to transport 12,000 bbl/d along these routes, and the Transport Ministry said that total shipments from Turkmenistan could increase to 240,000 bbl/d as port facilities were upgraded. Turkmenistan plans to increase the capacity at its Aladzha and Okarem terminals from 72,000 bbl/d in 1999 to 188,000 bbl/d by 2005, and Kazakhstan has also recently expanded its port facilities.

 

(3) ADRIATIC OUTLET FOR RUSSIAN PIPELINE: Other options include exporting oil to world markets via the Russian pipeline system using not Black Sea but Mediterranean ports. Under this plan, Russia's Druzhba pipeline would be extended to connect with the Adria Pipeline, which would bring the oil to the Croatian port of Omisalj on the Adriatic Sea (the flows in the Adria Pipeline would need to be reversed to flow into the Adriatic under this plan). This option is under consideration because Turkey has limited exports via the Bosporus to tankers of 160,000 deadweight tons, and could limit the passage of oil further. In addition, Russia could also export Caspian oil to world markets in the future via the Russian pipeline system to Baltic Sea ports. In one proposal, pipelines in the Caspian region could be connected to the planned Baltic Pipeline System, and exported via the planned Baltic port of Primorsk. In addition, Kazakhstan has exported oil to Lithuania in the past, and could export crude oil via Lithuania's port of Butinge.

 

(4) KAZAKHSTAN-RUSSIA GAS LINES: The existing Russian gas system could be expanded to allow Central Asian gas exports to enter the Russian pipeline system to bring Central Asian natural gas to Western Europe. Existing pipeline through Kazakhstan and Russia have the capacity to transport over 700 bcf per year, and capacity could be increased by an additional 50% by adding more compressors.

 

(5) ASTRAKHAN-DAGESTAN GAS PIPELINE: The Russian natural gas pipeline through Astrakhan and Dagestan provides another option for exports. Disputes between the Russian gas company Gazprom and Turkmenistan had led to a curtailment of exports from Turkmenistan via Russian pipelines. The dispute was settled and Turkmenistan and Gazprom agreed to increase shipments of Turkmen gas via Russia by 350 bcf per year until total shipments increased to 1.8-2.1 Tcf per year. Turkmenistan's President Saparmurat Niyazov stated that Turkmenistan is prepared to export up to 3.5 Tcf per year through Russia.

 

(6) KAZAKHSTAN-TAMAN GAS PIPELINE: Kazakhstan-Taman gas pipeline proposed to transport natural gas from Kazakhstan to a proposed new LNG terminal on the Taman peninsula in Russia, where it would be transported to world markets via ocean-going LNG tankers. Turkey could be served by using an existing Russian gas pipeline to Georgia, connecting to a proposed new pipeline from Georgia to Turkey, possibly passing through Armenia en route.

 

(7) TUAPSE-SAMSUN SUBMARINE BLACK SEA GAS LINE: Russian gas exports will compete with Caspian Sea gas to Turkey with the planned Blue Stream pipeline that passes under the Black Sea from the Russian port of Tuapse north of Georgia to the Turkish coastal city of Samsun. Trans-Caspian Routes (other than to Iran or Russia)

 

(8) Pipeline route via Turkey

(1) MAIN EXPORT PIPELINE COMPANY: On November 18, 1999, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey began laying the legal framework for the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan route for the Main Export Pipeline (MEP) by signing the initial documents for this framework agreement. The Istanbul Protocol serves as an umbrella for a unified agreement consisting of four components: Firstly, an Intergovernmental Agreement signed by the presidents of Turkey, Azerbaijan and Georgia that creates the legal framework for the Baku-Ceyhan pipeline. It covers issues such as the treatment of land and facilities required for the line, safety and security of those facilities, dispute resolutions, parliamentary approval, and environmental protection. Secondly, the Host Government Agreements, which expanded on the provisions of the Intergovernmental Agreement and defined the commercial relationships between each of the three countries and the companies that will construct the pipeline, and which were initialed by each government and representatives of the Azerbaijan International Operating Company. Thirdly, a Turnkey Contract, which laid out the terms and performance requirements for construction of the segment of the pipeline within Turkey, which initialed by representatives of the Turkish Government and the Azerbaijan International Operating Company. Fourthly, a guarantee that Turkey will limit construction costs to $1.4 billion, for the pipeline segment within Turkey, which was also initialed by representatives of the Turkish government, the Government of Azerbaijan, and the Azerbaijan International Operating Company.

 

On April 28, 2000 Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, and the United States participated in a signing ceremony for Georgia's Host Government Agreement, the final document of the framework agreement for this route. The next phase of this effort will require companies from the United States, Western Europe, and Russia to work with those of Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and Turkey to transform legal frameworks into commercial reality. For this project to go forward, the Main Export Pipeline Company, known as MEPCO, will need to be formed and to finalize the financing package to pave the way for construction to begin. Construction was targeted to begin in the third quarter of 2001. The agreements proposed that the pipeline would begin operations in 2004. Georgia has also proposed that the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline could be linked to the CPC oil pipeline and the Russian oil pipeline system in order to give oil from the CPC pipeline and Russia an alternative outlet to the port of Novorosiisk.

 

(2) TURKMENISTAN IRAN TURKEY GAS PIPELINE: Turkey also is looking for gas supplies in addition to the earlier-referenced deal to import natural gas from Turkmenistan via a pipeline that will likely cross Iran. The Ankara declaration backs a proposed cross-Caspian natural gas pipeline from Turkmenistan-Azerbaijan that would follow part of the Baku-Ceyhan oil pipeline route to bring Turkmenistan and Baku gas to Turkey. The U.S. Trade and Development Agency awarded another grant in October 1998 to Turkish pipeline concern Botas to evaluate the feasibility of the joint routes. Azerbaijan could also begin exports to the fast-growing Turkish natural gas market under a $600- $700 million proposal to extend existing pipelines to Georgia 174 miles to Erzurum, Turkey. Tentative plans call for the extension to be able to export 175 bcf for the 2002-2003-winter season, rising to 300-350 bcf. A feasibility study on utilizing existing pipelines for exports is being developed under the European Union (EU)'s INOGATE program.

 

28(13) Oil Fuels Chechnya War

(1) Chechnya Rebellion is War for Oil

Chechnya War waged by fanatic Muslim terrorists is an old-fashioned war, for Chechen independence and Russian self-esteem, but also a more modern war, the war for oil. Before the 1994-96 Chechnya War Groznyy's network of refineries made it the second biggest oil city in the region after Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. Russian Geologists say up to 200 billion barrels lay beneath the Caspian, and there is every sign that Moscow would retain a leading role in the lucrative business of selling Caspian Oil. The Russian pipeline, which used to pump 100,000 barrels of crude a day to the Black Sea oil terminals now closed. Behind the rhetoric of Russian "anti-terrorist operation", it is clear that Moscow launched Chechnya war partly to keep a toehold in what may be the world's richest oil region outside the Middle East. The ongoing Groznyy Chechnya War for Russian Generals and Kremlin strategists they are a reminder that Moscow's long-term goal of dominating the Caspian basin and its vast oil and gas reserves is as elusive as ever.

 

The Groznyy Chechnya’s fighting has boosted two huge US-backed schemes to build pipelines through the Caucasus to Turkey, while a new Russian pipeline that bypasses Chechnya may have nothing to pump when completed. In an important sense Russia lost the first decisive battle of the war in Istanbul, after President Yeltsin's abrupt return to Moscow from the OSCE summit, Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan and the US signed a treaty paving the way for a $2.4 billion (£1.48 billion) oil pipeline from Baku to the Turkish port of Ceyhan. It was the project part of "the strategic vision of new Eurasian co-operation". This is widely seen as code for an American policy of curbing Russia's role in the Caucasus. Moscow lashed out at Washington for its "meddlesome role" in the Caucasus. American experts talk bluntly of an all-out race for Caspian dominance that America appears to be winning. The opening of a pipeline across Georgia to the Black Sea was its first victory.

 

28(14) Oil Factor in Iraq War

What is being portrayed as a war between freedom and terrorism is indeed so. But behind the screen is also a war between the terror of American economic interests and freedom of the people of developing countries. Nor has President Bush been able to discipline every state that fails to allow it to be dominated by American economic interests. When President Bush labeled countries "rogue states" such countries as had refused to be a compliant accessory in the America-dominated New World Order. For America the most effective way to enforce world domination is through use of its military. The President Bush grabbed hold of the September 11 attacks in order to lay the basis for worldwide escalation of American militarist preponderance. The Bush administration has made it clear that it will go after any state that is "terrorist."

 

The Bush administration's vow to go after states that harbor terrorists as well as terrorists themselves opened up a broad array of potential targets that include Iran, Iraq, Yemen, Sudan, Syria and North Korea as possible targets. America should have focused on finding those who carried out the attacks and punish the Wahhabi terrorists and not broaden the effort to include other geopolitical goals. America told 15 Middle East countries were told that they had a stark choice: either they declare their nation members of an international coalition against terrorism, or risk being isolated in a growing global conflict. The President Bush administration is planning to a worldwide "lockdown". For Bush administration 9/11 is an opportunity to realign the world. Afghanistan and bin Laden have become the first chosen targets for the Pentagon. After September 11 explosions, Bush administration began laying the political groundwork for an attack on Afghanistan. After the success of the Afghanistan operations Bush administration began developing Iraq operations.

 

Media correctly concluded that bin Laden and Afghanistan was the culprits behind 9/11. Afghanistan was a particularly easy target. The Taliban movement and the government it has established, the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, had friends only in Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Pakistan, and Tajik and Uzbek tribe members of Northern Alliance were awaiting their chance to seek justice. Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world.

 

Muslims do not see democratic United States as the "shining city on a hill," but as a giant octopus economic super power that exploits the labor and resources of the world for the profits of large American multi-national corporations, which represent the East India Company of 21st Century. The pretext used to launch the Persian Gulf War was the need to expel Iraq from Kuwait. Yet long after that feat had been accomplished, the Gulf War continues. It didn't take long for the world to realize that the true purpose of this 1991 Gulf War was the America’s design to control the flow of oil. Middle East oil will be pumped and distributed no matter who controls the wells or who rules the land of the oil-producing nations. The real question is: How America should reap the profits from the oil and How America will control its distribution around the world?

 

Geopolitically speaking the oil and gas resources in the Caspian Sea are so rich that in the future it could turn into one of the largest petroleum centers in the world and could well compete with the Persian Gulf. Reports and announcements of Central Asian oil and gas reserves, specially that of Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan vis-à-vis the existence of depleting oil and gas reserves in the Arabian Gulf in the region and the landlocked status of the Central Asian states have drawn the attention of both world powers like United States, Russia, Germany, India and regional powers like Pakistan and Iran. The prospect of economic gains has triggered off intense rivalries amongst the candidates for final terminal points of the Central Asian Caspian oil and natural gas pipeline routes, namely, Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, Georgia and Russia. All are aware that whichever country emerges as the outlet of Central Asian Caspian oil and gas energy will be the ultimate winner. Hence the issue of the pipeline route has assumed strategic dimensions in relation to the question of energy. The issue of pipeline has even overshadowed the strategic value of the Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan, because unless their oil and gas can find transportation to the foreign markets, they are no good to any investor.

 

During 1990’s the Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan and Caspian region has turned out to be an area of intense diplomatic challenge and competition. Serving as a land bridge linking northern Europe to the Indian Ocean and Europe to the Far East, the Central Asian Caspian region surrounded by countries that draw upon the regional wealth and have rich historical and civilization backgrounds. The region of the Caucasus to the west of the Caspian is also strategically placed. It consists of three small states, all having strategic characteristics and shared borders with regional powers, Russia, Iran and Turkey. Much has been said about the oil and natural gas riches in Central Asia. Most of these resources are physically located in the Caspian Sea basin. Although the hydrocarbon reserves of Caspian are nowhere near the size of the known reserves in the Arabian Peninsula and the Persian Gulf, they are widely assessed that the Caspian Sea basin hydrocarbons could be the single biggest addition to the world's resources in the 21st Century. Even with significant new discoveries in Caspian basin, the Caspian Sea is likely to emerge as an alternative to the current South Asia’s and China’s dependence on the Persian Gulf. Any additional discovery of Caspian oil and gas resources likely to provide a greater flexibility to China, India, Taiwan, and Korea the powers that have historically depended on foreign oil and now find their near neighbors oil-rich, so it may ignite their dream to control Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan oil-fields. India and China may emerge as unlikely principle antagonists to the United States plans to manipulate and play around with the international energy market. United States has historically denied China and India the right as world power to have colonial influence over Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan.

 

Initially the Soviet declarations regarding oil reserves in the Caspian Central Asia were part of the great Bolshevik political circus. With the progress of time and thorough geological research, the very fact that this Central Asian oil deposits do actually exist entails the sensitive question of their transfer to consumer markets, via a transnational oil and gas pipeline. Since the Central Asian Caspian region is landlocked, the issue of oil and gas transportation will definitely involve the construction of thousands of mile long onshore pipelines crossing politically instable regions. The geopolitical significance of the location and route of the trans-national oil and gas pipelines, and where it would terminate at port-based oil-terminals becomes as significant as the location and ownership of the oil and gas fields itself. This is the rationale behind the 21st Century Great Power Game that will be played among, United States, Russia, China, India, Germany, Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, Georgia and Afghanistan. Hence the competition amongst Southern Asian regional states, namely, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, India, and Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan.

 

India would prefer Iran as the natural place to route the Turkmenistan oil-pipeline and as a natural oil and gas market of the Caspian region. Iran, though a major oil producer itself, has oil fields which are situated down south near the Persian Gulf and are at a distance of approximately one thousand kilometers from northern regions like Tehran, Tabriz, Mashad and so on, which happen to be major consumers of energy, and which do not have large oil reserves. Tehran, Tabriz and Mashad are geographically closer to the Caspian oil and gas fields than to the oilfields in the South Iran. The Turkmenistan oil and gas pipeline running through Iran to link the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf will be the shortest, safest and most economical, facilitating transfer of oil to the global markets, especially those in Japan, China, India and the Far East.

 

Principally due to the United States policy of containment with respect to Iran, despite the advantages provided by the exercise of the Turkmenistan-Iran oil pipeline option, the Afghanistan-Baluchistan is propagated because Afghanistan and Pakistan are United States satellite states. However, military thinkers hold that Turkmenistan oil-pipeline though Iran still provides the best and most attractive alternative route. India supports the Central Asian pipeline construction through Iranian territory. Kazakhstan wants Iran should provide the main route for the export of Kazakh energy resources. Washington's rejection of the Iran alternative undermines US national interests and harms the policy of energy route diversification.

 

Any change in the White House approach towards Iran, would inevitably divert the general pipeline policy in the region towards Iran as the most logical solution. That is why Russia and Turkey have expressed apprehensions over the prospects of US-Iran rapprochement vis-à-vis the effects on the pipeline policy. Russia, Turkey and Pakistan fear that the change in US perception of Iran will spell doom for them and it will prompt Iran to tilt economically towards the United States and undermine the Central Asian oil and gas pipeline projects routing through Georgia, Turkey and Black Sea.

 

28(15) World Oil Reserves – Oil Production - Consumption 2001

(Z Magazine, November 2002)

(1) OIL RESERVES Top 20 countries

(Millions of Barrels MB as of January 1, 2002):

1. Saudi Arabia: (261,750); 2. Iraq: (112,500); 3. United Arab Emirates: (97,800); 4. Kuwait: (96,500); 5. Iran: (89,700); 6. Venezuela: (77,685); 7. Russia: (48,573); 8. Libya: (29,500); 9. Mexico: (26,941); 10. Nigeria: (24,000); 11. China: (24,000); 12. United States: (22,045); 13. Qatar: (15,207); 14. Norway: (9,947); 15. Algeria: (9,200); 16. Brazil: (8,465); 17. Oman: (5,506); 18. Kazakhstan: (5,417); 19. Angola: (5,412); 20. Indonesia: (5,000), MB.

The 2001 Oil Reserves of First 20 Countries: (975,148) MB; Oil Reserves of Rest of the World: (56,983) Millions of Barrels Reserves. Oil Reserves of World: (1,032,132) Millions of Barrels Reserves

 

(2) OIL PRODUCTION Top 20 Countries

(Millions of Barrels Per Day MBPD, January 1, 2002):

1. Saudi Arabia: (8.528), 2. United States: (8.091); 3. Russia: (7.014); 4. Iran: (3.775); 5. Mexico: (3.560); 6. Norway: (3.408); 7. China: (3.297); 8. Venezuela: (3.137); 9. Canada: (2.749); 10. United Arab Emirates: (2.550); 11. United Kingdom: (2.540); 12. Iraq: (2.377)

13. Nigeria: (2.223); 14. Kuwait: (1.838); 15. Brazil: (1.589); 16. Algeria: (1.486); 17. Libya: (1.427); 18. Indonesia: (1.384); 19. Oman: (0.964); 20. Argentina: (0.825), MBPD.

The 2001 Oil Production of First 20 countries: (62.762) MBPD; Oil Production of Rest of the World: (12.464) MBPD; Oil Production of World: (75.226) Millions of Barrels Per Day production; Oil Production of World Annual: (28,180) MBPD.

 

(3) OIL CONSUMPTION Top 20 Countries

(Millions of Barrels Per Day MBPD, January 1, 2002):

1. United States: (19.993); 2. Japan: (5.423); 3. China: (4.854); 4. Germany: (2.814); 5. Russia: (2.531); 6. South Korea: (2.126); 7. Brazil: (2.123); 8. Canada: (2.048); 9. France: (2.040); 10. India: (2.011); 11. Mexico: (1.932); 12. Italy: (1.881); 13. United Kingdom: (1.699); 14. Spain: (1.465); 15. Saudi Arabia: (1.415); 16. Iran: (1.109); 17. Indonesia: (1.063); 18. Netherlands: (0.881); 19. Australia: (0.879); 20. Taiwan: (0.846), MBPD.

The 2001 Oil Consumption of First 20 Countries: (59.134) MBPD; Rest of the World: (16.854) MBPD; World: 75.988 Millions of Barrels Per Day consumption; World Annual: (28,460) MBPD

 

Note: The estimation of reserves is fraught with politics and guesswork. The two annual industry benchmarks compiled by World Oil and Oil and Gas Journal largely from data provided by individual countries. Both outfits have placed "proven" global reserves at about 1 trillion barrels for most of the last decade. In contrast, in 1995 Petro-Consultants estimated "assessed" reserves at 746 billion barrels. It's suspected that many OPEC countries pump-up their estimated reserves because their production quotas are based on the size of the reserves. In 1988 and 1990, many Middle Eastern countries revised their reserves upwards dramatically despite no major new discoveries. From 1986 to 1990, according to data from World Oil and Oil and Gas Journal, global reserves increased a staggering 39 percent from 708 billion barrels to 983 billion barrels. (Z Magazine, November 2002)

 

28(16) Geopolitics of Oil Wars

OPEC ACHILLES HEEL OF AMERICA: Crude oil and natural gas is the Achilles’ heels of the United States. United States would cease to be the sole super power if a coalition of regional powers sabotage America’s domination over the Middle Eastern and Central Asian oil and gas fields. Oil remains the lifeblood of modern world economy. Superpower status requires control of oil at every stage - discovery, pumping, refining, transporting, and marketing. By threatening the America’s control over Middle East and Caspian Oil and natural gas one could threaten the superpower status of the United States. Short of nuclear holocaust, the fragile American control over world’s oil and gas reserves, discovery, and transportation of oil and gas exposes the Achilles’ heels of the United States. Pentagon does not simply want to obtain oil, which is a simple matter if one has money. Pentagon wants to control the flow and distribution of oil and natural gas to America’s economic competitors, namely Japan, Germany, France, China and India.

 

COLLAPSE OF SOVIET UNION: There was a significant change in the world power configuration, but this happened not on September 11, 2001, but at least 10 years earlier, with the collapse of the Soviet Union and Eastern bloc. The sudden collapse of the Soviet Union destroyed the system that had stabilized the Cold War international order for some forty years. The dramatic and unprecedented disintegration of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union in 1989-91 radically transformed geopolitics and geo-economy of the world. The geopolitics of bipolar world transformed into one-superpower world, because with the dismantling of the Soviet Union in 1991, the bipolar structure of global politics disappeared at the end of the Cold War. The collapse of Soviet Union created a zone of conflicting interests in the Heartland region stretching from Germany in Central Europe to China in East Asia and India in South Asia. In the absence of counter superpower, the United States became the unchallenged master of a new world, in which it enjoys unassailable predominance.

 

FRAGILE DOMINANCE OF USA: America is the leading political power in this competition whose military spending is greater than all the military spending of the next 13 countries ranked beneath it. Yet in the 2001 the share of the United States in total world trade and share of world’s total manufactured goods has substantially declined than what it was during the Cold War, before the demise of the Soviet Union in 1991. America’s global dominance does not derive from the America’s quantitatively greater military power. America’s dominance derives from how this military might is deployed politically to shape the political and economic context of world politics, in the absence of the Cold War restraints. America has the ability to control using its military power, political leverage and its control over globe's significant economic resources including oil resources as well as the control over the regional peripheries of its major allies.

 

EURASIAN HEARTLAND: "Who rules the Heartland commands the World-Island; Who rules the World-Island commands the World," wrote Halford Mackinder in 1919. Eurasian Heartland the vast lands between China and Germany and India has emerged as the world's axial super continent, which is now serving as the decisive geopolitical chessboard. Eurasia accounts for 75 percent of the world's population, 60 percent of its GNP, and 75 percent of its energy resources. Collectively, Eurasia's power overshadows even America's.

 

GREAT POWER CASPIAN OIL GAME: The lure of enormous oil reserves in the Caspian Sea basin has made the region the focus of fierce competition among Great Powers, United States, Russia, India, China, Germany and France and regional powers, namely Pakistan and Iran. The oil geopolitics of Central Asia is a significant matter. Unimpeded access to affordable energy has always been a paramount strategic interest of the US administration, and so far United States is the dominant power in controlling the oil and gas resources of Middle East, Africa, South America and Southeast Asia. This explains why military power is now so often the preferred diplomatic choice of the White House.

 

US VICTORIES WITHOUT CASUALTIES: America’s rapid victory in the 1990 Iraq Gulf War and victory in Kosovo in 1999, and 2001 victory in Afghanistan recently at a minimal cost to American lives, laid the ghost of Vietnam to rest and gave birth to Rambo America. America's supremacy in bombs and planes and satellites and tanks has made the prospect of US casualties remote. Pentagon’s military performance is based on the use of high technology either directly to attack an enemy, or to support a proxy war using local allies. United States used the Muslim Albanian KLA in 1999 Kosovo War against Serb Yugoslavia and used Tajik and Uzbek Northern Alliance in 2001 Afghanistan War, without exposing American soldiers to risk.

 

OIL PIPELINE CONTROLS OIL FIELDS: The control over foreign oil and gas reserves, extractions, transportation and marketing is the key ingredient of the superpower status of the United States. Japan and Germany may replace United States as the economic superpower, if Japanese, German and French oil-companies could replace American oil-companies’ domination of Middle Eastern oilfields. America’s map of "terrorist sanctuaries" and so-called enemy rogue states is a map of the world's principal energy resources and routes of major oil pipelines. Below the super powers are major regional powers that are pre-eminent in selected regions of the world, but unlikely to match or challenge America in global political dominance militarily, economically or technologically. The predominance of America in global economy stems from its control over oil and gas source and transport routes, and control over other energy and strategic material supplies needed by competing leading industrial states, namely, Japan, Germany France and China.

 

AMERICAN CONTROL OF OIL RESOURCES: America for reasons of strategy and control over oil and gas natural resources, the Pentagon determined to secure for America a dominant role in Caspian Central Asia and the Middle East. America enjoys dominant political position in Middle East and enjoys sea and air dominance in the Eastern Mediterranean, the Atlantic, the Pacific, and the Indian Ocean. Bush Doctrine 2002 seeks to enhance the military presence of United States in volatile Eurasia to ensure that no state or combination of states acquire the ability to expel the United States or diminish its decisive role in Eurasia in the aftermath of the decline of Russia. America defines its goals in Eurasia, especially Caspian Central Asia regarding energy resources to break Russia's monopoly over oil and gas transport routes for the export of Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan oil and gas. America promotes energy security through diversified supply routes of Caspian oil by financing the construction of multiple oil and gas pipelines that go through pro-America countries like Georgia, Turkey, Afghanistan and Pakistan. America wants to sabotage the oil-pipeline projects that would pass through either Iran or Russia to deny these potential powers dangerous leverage over the Central Asian oil and natural gas resources. Russia and Iran by controlling the Central Asian gas and oil pipelines would effectively control the oil and gas reserves of Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan.

 

GEOPOLITICS OF CASPIAN OIL & GAS: Two basic questions loom over the future of Caspian oil and gas resource: Who will own or control the Caspian oil and natural gas resources? And who will control the oil-gas pipelines that would transport the Caspian oil and gas to world markets? American Petroleum Institute, called the Caspian region, "the area of greatest resource potential outside of the Middle East." Vice President Dick Cheney in 1998 speaking of the Caspian Sea basin commented, "I cannot think of a time when we have had a region emerge as suddenly to become as strategically significant as the Caspian." Oil is an important piece of a complicated political military and economic struggle underway in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan. At stake in Caspian is billions of dollars in oil and natural gas revenues and the geopolitical and military advantages that fall to the world power, which gains a dominant position in the oil-rich Caspian region. The Great Power Oil-Game underway in Caspian Central Asia would determine the owner and controller of the oil and gas reserves of Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan and the owner and controller of the oil and gas pipelines that would transport the landlocked Caspian oil and gas to markets in India, China, Japan, and European Union.

 

CASPIAN KEY TO WORLD DOMINATION: The country that controls the oil and gas reserves of Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan and Caspian oil-pipelines, would dominate the global economy in 21st Century. The coalition of India, Germany, Japan, France and China, could overthrow the economic dominance of the United States, if they could undermine America’s stronghold over Caspian oil and gas reserves. The Caspian oil and gas reserves will shape the re-configuration of the world economy in 21st century and the new world order that would govern it. The stakes in this Great Power Caspian oil Game are far higher than the control of oil and gas resources of the Caspian Sea basin of Central Asia. Caspian oil rivalry shall determine the preponderant economic power of the 21st Century. India and China, Germany and Japan should not feel shy of exercising their military muscle to checkmate United States in the Caspian Oil Chess Game, as it would enable a new coalition to replace United States as the preponderant economic power of the 21st Century. Caspian oil is "Non-OPEC Oil," and Caspian oil supplies less likely to be affected by the price and supply policies applied by OPEC, the oil-exporting cartel. Flows of large volumes of Caspian oil through non-OPEC lands would erode the power of OPEC, as well as OPEC’s ability to maintain high oil prices and to use oil as a mode of political blackmail.

 

AMERICAN BAKU-GEYAN PIPELINE POLICY: American pipeline strategy for multiple Caspian pipelines ensures that no country has to depend on any one region of the world for supplies of these vital resources. Development of the Caspian region is vital to assuring global energy security. And diversifying the world energy supply is in the national security interest of the United States.

 

UNECONOMIC BAKU-GEYHAN PIPELINE: The future USA-Iran relations depend on how Iran shapes up in America’s war against Islamic terrorism for protecting American oil interests in the Caspian region. For the moment, however, the US political administration is reiterating its support for the construction of a long-debated but financially prohibitive pipeline from Baku, the strategically placed Azerbaijani port and oil terminal on the western Caspian, through Georgia to the Turkish port of Ceyhan. The idea is that this cuts out Russia and Iran and anchors Turkey. Despite the estimated cost of $3 billion to $3.7 billion, which cannot be covered unless a lot more oil is transported from across the Caspian than seems likely, the White House pressing ahead with the project in the wake of September 11th. It is doubtful whether expensive Azerbaijan Baku-Ceyhan Turkey pipeline will ever materialize, but it is product of Pentagon’s policy of sidelining Russia and excluding Iran as Caspian energy transport corridors. The uneconomic Baku-Geyhan Pipeline doesn’t attract the financial support of American Big Oil. Big Oil presently favor Turkmenistan Afghanistan Pakistan India pipeline, and it made Afghanistan a region of particular strategic importance for the Pentagon.

Already the European Union is ignoring the US Baku-Ceyhan Pipeline option to bring Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan oil to Europe via Turkey in favor of a scheme to ferry oil across the Black Sea from the Georgian port of Supsa to the Bulgarian port of Burgas, which the European Union is renewing and from there into Greece port of Alexandroupolis.

 

AMBO OIL ROUTE: America supports a new major trans-Balkan pipeline being built by a US dominated conglomerate, AMBO; Albanian-Macedonia-Bulgarian Oil Corporation. Scheduled to come into operation by 2005. Ambo pipeline is designed to carry oil from Burgas (Bulgaria), but across Macedonia to the Albanian port of Vlore on the Adriatic. This American pipeline route passes along what is known as corridor 8; along the borders of Macedonia and Kosovo and the Presevo Valley, scene of recent fighting and NATO 'peacekeeping' operations. And so the new great power ‘s great oil game continues.

 

1999 KOSOVO WAR WAS OIL WAR: The Kosovo in Balkans is crucial to the "pipeline map", because oil destined for Western Europe must pass through them at one point or another. During the 1999 Kosovo war, NATO bombed Yugoslavia because United States and NATO and allies were seeking to secure a passage for oil pipeline from the Caspian Sea. There is no oil in Kosovo and Albania. The oil reserves of the Caspian are a long way from the Kosovo and Balkans, but the routes by which Caspian oil and gas pipelines must take to reach the European Union markets passed through Kosovo and Albania. Christian Pentagon and NATO cultivated Muslim Albanian drug dealers and partitioned multi-ethnic Christian Yugoslavia to militarily award Muslim domination over Kosovo, to secure control over Caspian oil pipelines that would pass through Kosovo and Albania. The objective of the Pentagon-led NATO air war operations in Kosovo was to neutralize Non Aligned Yugoslavia so that American oil companies could secure the oil pipeline route from the Caspian Sea through Yugoslavia, into Central Europe. After the NATO's bombing campaign in March 1999, the US spent 36,6 million dollars to build Camp Bondsteel in southern Kosovo, the largest American foreign military base constructed since Vietnam. The largest American foreign military base constructed since Vietnam, Camp Bondsteel was built by the Brown & Root Division of Halliburton, the world's biggest oil services corporation, which was run by Dick Cheney.

 

BURGAS-SKOPJE-VLORE PIPELINE: In 1997, BP and the Texas Halliburton Company proposed a pipeline that would go from Burgas in Bulgaria through Skopje in Macedonia to Vlore, a port in Albania. The Burgas-Skopje-Vlore pipeline would be one of the shortest and least expensive of the possible routes of Caspian oil and gas pipelines to reach European Union. Burgas-Skopje-Vlore pipeline project gave Pentagon’s concerns for security in Balkans a direct economic justification, where economic concerns overshadowed the strategic concerns that Pentagon used to justify the bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999. Geography makes the Balkans region a key stepping stone for the NATO to control oil and gas reserves of Caspian Central Asia. On 2 June 1999, the United States awarded a half-million dollar grant to Bulgaria to conduct a feasibility study for the pipeline across the Balkans to carry Caspian gas and oil. Balkan rivalries will shape post-communist Europe and Central Asia, and determine the leverage and influence the America will have over Caspian oil and gas development. It is the "pipeline map" around the oil and natural gas resources of the region that connects the Balkans to Afghanistan.

 

CHINA EYES CASPIAN OIL: The Caspian Central Asia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan has more than 6 percent of the world's proven oil reserves and almost 40 percent of its gas reserves. America’s involvement in Caspian region affects Chinese national interests, with worldwide and not just regional consequences. The expansion of US influence in Eurasia poses a direct and immediate threat to China, because the expansion of the Chinese economy is directly dependent on access to Caspian and Middle East petroleum. China's oil needs are expected to nearly double by 2010, which will force China to import 40 percent of its requirements in 2010, up from 20 percent in 1995. Driven by a burgeoning demand for energy, the China made securing access to the largely untapped Caspian oil and natural gas reserves a cornerstone of its military, foreign and economic policy. China presently constructing a 4200 km gas and oil pipelines running from China's western province of Xinjiang to east coast metropolis of Shanghai. In 1997, the China national Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) acquired the right to develop two potentially lucrative oilfields in Kazakhstan, outbidding American and European oil companies. Feasibility studies are also underway for the construction of over 3000 kilometers of gas pipeline from Turkmenistan to Xinjiang by the state oil holding company PetroChina Co. of China The Turkmenistan to Xinjiang east-west oil and pipeline project is China's biggest infrastructure project after the Three Gorges Dam. Theoretically, oil and gas pipelines to China from Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan could be extended to link into the pipeline networks of Russia as well as Iran.

 

PAN ASIAN GLOBAL ENERGY BRIDGE: The "Pan Asian Global Energy Bridge" is a Eurasian network of pipelines linking energy resources in the Middle East, Central Asia and Russia to Chinese Pacific coast. China's pipeline network has the potential to bring about a significant strategic realignment in the region. Central Asia with its huge reserves of oil, and natural gas, and strategic position is already a key arena of sharp rivalry between the United States, Germany, France, Russia, Japan, China and India. World powers along with transnational corporations seek pipeline alliances, oilfield concessions and possible pipeline routes in the region. Open military and diplomatic conflict between United States and China could flare up into war for the control of Caspian gas and oil resources of Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan. Would India and Russia join forces with China to expel United States and NATO from Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan? Would Germany, France and Japan support India’s endeavor to limit American influence over oil-rich Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan? Turkmenistan-Xinjiang oil-gas pipeline project harms the national interests of India, Pakistan, Iran and Russia. Turkmenistan-Xinjiang pipeline would allow China recreate Mongol Empire and control the Heartland of Eurasia. America’s dominance of Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan harms the national interests of India, China, Russia and Iran. NATO control of Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan threatens the territorial integrity of Afghanistan, India, Iran, Russia and China. American quest for dominance in oil-rich Caspian region would ignite the Third World War. If war is fought over control over Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan oil-gas reserves then India, China, Russia and Iran may join forces to challenge and quash America’s dreams for hegemony in Caspian Central Asia. Asia has four nuclear-armed countries, Russia, China, Pakistan and India, making Asia a dangerous potential flashpoint of world war. America's invasion of Afghanistan has upset the delicate balance of enmity between old foes India and Pakistan, who fought three major wars in the past.

 

OUTLET FOR CASPIAN PIPELINES: Like Kosovo, Afghanistan does not have oil reserves, but like Kosovo, Afghanistan sits on the southward route of oil-gas pipeline from oil-rich landlocked Turkmenistan, which would traverse only 790 miles to reach the sea port outlet at Gwadar port on Baluchistan coast in Pakistan. A few days before September 11, 2001 the US Energy Information Administration documented Afghanistan's strategic geographical position as a potential transit route for oil and natural gas exports from Central Asia to the Arabian Sea, and recommended the construction of pipelines southward from Turkmenistan, through Afghanistan and Baluchistan to the outlet at Gwadar port of Pakistan on Arabian Sea. The transfer of oil from the Caspian-Caucasus to world markets is very complicated, primarily because the Caspian Sea is landlocked and surrounded by high mountains on southern borders of Turkmenistan. Competing national interests resulted in weaving a tangled web of competing pipelines, because any country that becomes the sea-outlet of the Caspian oil and gas gains great geopolitical and economic advantage in the oil-dependant global economy. A mere 790-mile oil and gas pipelines stretching southward from Turkmenistan oil and gas fields across mountain passes in Afghanistan onward through Baluchistan province of Pakistan that would carry Caspian Sea basin's oil and natural gas south to the Pakistani coast on the Arabian Sea will reduce America’s dependency on the volatile Gulf oil zone controlled by the OPEC. Just as Kosovo is a major key to transportation of the vast Caspian oil reserves to European Union, Afghanistan is another key. Afghanistan with its strategic location offers the most convenient route for 790-mile long pipelines southward from Turkmenistan to Gwadar port on Baluchistan coast. It is no wonder that United States wages wars on Kosovo in 1999 and on Afghanistan in 2001.

 

CASPIAN OIL RESERVES: Just a day before the 9/11 attacks, on 10 September 2001, Oil and Gas Journal, reported that Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan in Caspian Central Asia represents one of the world's last great frontiers for geological survey and analysis, offering opportunities for investment in discovery, production, transport and refining of enormous quantities of oil and gas resources. Central Asia is rich in hydrocarbons, with gas being the predominant energy fuel. Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan have very large gas resources, while Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan have large oil reserves. Within a week of the commencement of war in Afghanistan, the Bush administration discussed the shape of a post-Afghan government to do deals over oil and gas pipelines. The Caspian Central Asia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan has more than 6 percent of the world's proven oil reserves and almost 40 percent of its gas reserves.

 

OIL CAUSE OF CHECHNYA TERRORISM: Disputes over oil were at the heart of Russia's earlier decision to go to war against Chechnya in December 1994, because its sole operational pipeline for Caspian oil, which goes directly through troubled Dagestan and Chechnya, was under terrorist attacks of Islamic separatist forces of Chechnya. Russia, controls most of the export routes of the Caspian oil at the moment. America’s oil diplomacy in Caspian Central Asia is a challenge to Russia with the aim of weakening its international position and ousting it from strategically important regions. Russia's geo-economic reasons for establishing a firm control over Chechnya are related to the need of Russia to control the oil and gas resources of the former Soviet Republics of Caspian Central Asia. Russia's concerns over Chechnya grew as a result of the US-NATO war against Serbia and the subsequent NATO occupation of Kosovo. Tensions with Russia escalated in the course of Russia's military campaign in Chechnya soon after. Russia intervened in Chechnya in 1999 to warn the United States and NATO that Russia was still a mighty military force to be reckoned with. There are recent suggestions that there may be a quid pro quo between the United States and Russia with Russian allowed influence over Georgia in exchange for America’s invasions of Iraq.

 

EAGLE’S EMPIRE REPLACES BEAR’S EMPIRE:

American Empire takes over in all regions wherever Russia Empire loosens its grip. Any loss of the Russian Empire is the gain for the American Empire. Pentagon exploited the dismantling of the Soviet bloc, by integrating the former Soviet allies into US-led NATO, and aggressively conspiring the re-integration of the post-Soviet countries into western capitalist system and their absorption, by trans transnational corporations, by making large investment in valuable natural resources of former Soviet Republics. Western oil companies are competing for control over the vast oil and natural gas resources of Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan in the Caspian Sea basin. America’s far right advocates the official ascendancy of an aggressive American military posture since Sept. 11. In Afghanistan, the "war on terrorism" has produced a pro-American government of Hamid Karzai and American military bases in the nine surrounding countries. Those Central Asian countries are rich in oil and natural gas. By military action, the U.S. is trying to clear the way to lay pipelines to the West and to the growing Asian markets--with Afghanistan at the crossroads. In the Caspian Sea basin, the U.S. has been building new military bases and training local defense forces. Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are bursting with an estimated five trillion dollars worth of unexploited oil and natural gas. After the Persian Gulf, this is the largest reservoir of petroleum in the world.

 

CHENEY-ENRON PLAN The petroleum industry is the most powerful economic force in the world and carry lots of military and diplomatic clout. Oil fuels modern industry, agriculture and transportation. Oil capital flows shapes the Wall Street and global financial system. Big Oil dominates the Bush administration. President Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney had been top corporate oil executives, so much so Bush administration could be nick named Bush’s Oil Machine. Bush administration’s oil strategy was set forward in the national energy plan drawn up last year by Cheney with assistance from Enron. The plan opposed an increase in the fuel efficiency of American motor vehicles and called for exploitation of the pristine Alaska National Wildlife Refuge. Cheney Oil Report argued America is increasingly dependent on foreign oil. Currently the U.S. imports about 10 million barrels of oil per day, 53 percent of total consumption. By 2020 daily U.S. oil imports will climb to 17 million barrels, 65 percent of consumption. Therefore United States must add new foreign oil sources to its current suppliers, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela and Canada. The Cheney Oil Plan looked to the Caspian states, Russia and Africa to meet its future oil needs and to end its dependence on the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). America cannot gain access to Caspian oil through market forces. Foreign resistance to U.S. energy companies is longstanding and foreign powers do not always have America’ interests at heart.

 

OIL WAR IS MILITARY WAR FOR BUSINESS: That is why Washington seized upon the Sept. 11 tragedy to expand its military presence in oil-producing countries throughout the world. There’ no business like war business. Thanks to war against Iraq, the United States has its military bases in the Persian Gulf. Thanks to war against Yugoslavia, the U.S. has its military bases in Bosnia, Kosovo and Macedonia. Thanks to war against Taliban Afghanistan, the United States has military bases in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Turkey, Georgia and Azerbaijan. Even stakes larger than oil interests are involved in the Pentagon’s wars to control world oil. If the United States controls the sources of energy of its rivals Germany, France, Japan, China and India stand to lose financially and lose their economic competitiveness. Control of oil is key to control of the world economy. President Bush calls his America’s war program Enduring Freedom, though it is more likely geared to produce Everlasting Profits for America though it may s deny Freedom to non-Americans.

 

28(17) Kazakhstan Oil Game

PIPELINE OVERSHADOWS CASPIAN OIL: The Caspian Sea region contains the third largest reserve of oil and natural gas in the world, behind the Gulf region and Siberia. Oil was a major source of hard currency for the former Soviet Union, but drilling methods were technologically inferior to that of western firms in large-scale oil exploration. Technological inferiority inhibited Soviet exploration of Caspian oil and gas reserves. Western firms for decades had longed to be given the opportunity to exploit the former Soviet Union’s oil and gas reserves in Siberia and Caspian basin, but the Cold War precluded this option. The Caspian Sea oil and gas reserves are located in landlocked region. Pipeline is the way to efficiently transport the Caspian oil and gas to European Union, India, China and Japan. The exact pipeline route and its final outlet may determine the ultimate success of Caspian oil and gas exploration and transportation. The transportation issue overshadows the oil exploration issue in the Caspian oil politics, as the main question is: How best to deliver the Caspian oil and Gas to global oil markets.

 

RIVAL OIL PIPELINE ROUTES: The competing Caspian pipeline route cause great diplomatic crises. The Great Power oil pipeline rivalry involves Russian, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkey, Iran, Georgia, Turkmenistan, United States, China and India. There’s no agreement on an international framework that governs the development of the region. Indeed, there is considerable disagreement in this regard. Some western firms have signed contracts to develop the fields, but these agreements are ineffectual if regional conflicts proliferate. Current regional conflicts already make extraction of oil from the region very difficult.

 

HISTORY OF CASPIAN OIL EXPLORATION: Oil exploration in the region predates the travels of Marco Polo. Legend has it that the "eternal flame" of the Zoroastrian religion fueled by natural gas around Baku, the present capital of Azerbaijan, before the eight century. Serious exploration and exploitation began in earnest in the 1850s, and by the 1890s, this exploration instigated rapid development in the Baku region. At the outset of World War I in 1914 Azerbaijan commanded 10% of the world’s exports of oil and kerosene. In 1890 Azerbaijan commanded 30% of the world’s exports of oil and kerosene. It was only in the 1980s that modern technology entertained the notion that the deeper fields where the most of oil reserves are was accessible, which phenomenally increased the estimates of Caspian oil and natural gas reserves.

 

GEOGRAPHY OF THE OIL GAS FIELDS: There are extreme mountains in the northeast of Caspian into Russia. There is deep sediment covering most of the predicted deposits. There is also a phenomenon called salt tectonics, which could affect the quality of the oil and gas product. These factors may prove burdensome to most companies, but they should not render exploration futile. Modern technology can overcome some geologic impediments. If the oilcan breached, petroleum engineers believe it to be of high quality. Because of the aforementioned deep sediment cover up to 24 km and the Tengiz field is the biggest of the super giants, the project marked a new stage in oil exploration.

 

RUSSIAN GAS OIL PIPELINES: Kazakhstan is firmly Russian group. Caspian oil and gas pipelines passing through Russia to outlets on Black Sea ports and outlets on Adriatic sea ports make great sense and the Russian pipeline system is ready and awaiting oil and gas shipment. Strategically, Russia has closer diplomatic and political ties to some of the competing factions in the Azeri power struggle. There are problems with a pipeline through Russia as Russia has been embroiled in a bloody conflict in Chechnya and the rest of the region is not very stable. Turkey is against Caspian oil and gas pipelines through Russia to Black sea ports. Turkey’s official reason is that the Dardanelle’s Straits is a thin waterway connecting the Black Sea to the Mediterranean, which cannot handle the excess tanker traffic. Such a route would place extreme pressure on ecological efforts to protect the Black Sea region around Dardanelle’s Straits.

 

RISING CASPIAN SEA LEVEL: Unique to the Caspian Sea is the fact that the Caspian Sea is rising. Caspian Sea level could rise three meters in the next twenty-five years, causing immense environmental damage to the Caspian Sea coastlands, where many oil refineries are located. During 1990s, the Caspian Sea rose one meter, and inundated some parts of Baku. Some of Iran’s most productive fields lie on the southern shores of the Caspian Sea and would be submerged if Caspian sea level were to rise. With the rise of the Caspian Sea level the potential flooding of refineries on the coastal plains of the Caspian region would cause great damage. The Caspian coastland regions are some of the most polluted areas in the former Soviet Union. This trend might bicyclical however. The Caspian Sea was falling, much like the Aral Sea to the east. Old photographs of Baku show the shoreline much closer to the center of the city. But the sea is definitely rising now. Russian archeologists claim to have found the ruins from the 1,000 year-old Khazar Empire at the bottom of the Caspian Sea. Russian Geologists believe that the Caspian seabed might actually be rising, giving way to springs of water.

 

POLLUTION BY CASPIAN OIL DRILLING: Existing oil drilling in the sea is a major cause of pollution. One can see oily film on the sea's surface. Flaring of natural gas is a major problem as about 4.5 million cubic meters a day is flared every day. Natural gas flares, however, can be contained with the appropriate western technology. While the Caspian Sea is less polluted than the Black Sea, much needs to be done to lessen the harmful environmental effects of Caspian Sea oil drilling, and the potential disastrous effects of the rising Caspian Sea.

 

NEED FOR CASPIAN OIL REGIME: At this point there is no deliberative body that can step inland take charge of the Caspian oil and gas exploration and extraction and transportation. Russia claims the Caspian Central Asia within their "sphere of influence," and Turkey and Iran also claim special influence in the region. Because Kazakhstan surrounds the largest reserve in the Caspian region, it probably exerts the most influence with regard to Caspian oil and gas exploration. The fact that Kazakhstan is further along oil development than Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan bolsters this contention. Whenever conflicts ease in the Caspian Central Asia, some sort of organized entity would figure the best way to develop and extract the landlocked Caspian oil and gas resources to European, South Asian and far East markets.

 

70 MILLION BARRELS DAY OIL DEMAND: World demand for oil is roughly 70 million barrels a day, which is no small business. OPEC has demonstrated its ability to manipulate demand of oil by alternating supply of oil. Existing oil exporters are not operating at capacity to supply world demand. What the future holds is far from certain. A conflict that breaks out in the Arabian Gulf could have dramatic affects immediately on the supply and price of oil and adversely affect the economy of the United States, which is the largest consumer of imported oil.

 

POST SOVIET NEO-COLONIAL CASPIAN GAME: In the early 1990's, USSR the last 19th Century European empire crumbled. The longest lasting Empire, although ironically originally one of the weakest, had emerged as one of the strongest military power the world had ever seen. Soviet empire had moved in after 1945 into the vacuum left by the relative weakening of the old West European ones. United States moved in to fill the vacuum created by the sudden collapse of the Soviet Union. NATO moved in wherever Soviet Empire vacated, so what had happened with the decline of other European Empires in the past is happening now with the decline of the Russian Empire. The weakening of Russian power in what was Soviet Union’s southern colonial empire is opening up the way for American imperialism and other neo-imperialists India and China are waiting in the wings to claim their place under Colonial Sun. Central Asia and the Caucasus, or the Caspian Region is a largely forgotten corner of the world, but with all the ingredients of the oil and gas wealth of a new Middle East, it may become the most sought after region of the world in the first decade of the 21st Century. Great Power Neo-colonial rivalry in Caspian region is centered around commercial exploitation of its oil and gas, principally centered on the different costs and benefits accruing to various pipeline projects. Different Great Power players competing to carve up Caspian Central Asia are Iran, the United States, Russia, Turkey, Germany, France, China, Pakistan and India. In the law of jungles the new Empires expand to fill in the vacuum created by the demise of USSR and Warsaw Pact. India, China, Japan, Germany and France compete with United States and NATO for their fair share Caspian oil and gas wealth.

 

OIL INTERESTS OF IRAN: Iran's interests are briefly to getting the Caspian and Central Asian oil to the Persian Gulf and to establish close political and economic ties with the Muslim Central Asia. Iran would benefit from oil and gas transit fees. With oil and gas transit, Iran would be in a better position to develop trade with Central Asia. Central Asia could become an important market for Iranian manufactured goods. Oil and gas transit and trade could establish Iran as regional power in Central Asia. Oil transiting from Central Asia to Iranian Gulf ports, Iran would strengthen Iran’s position in the Arabian Gulf and Saudi-Arabia and Iraq. Iran’s emerging as a Central Asian power would reinforce Iran's position in relation to the Arabian Gulf neighbors. Iranian pipeline is in the interests of the governments of the Central Asian republics to do so. The Iranian option makes the best economic sense, because it already exists. Unless an alternative pipeline route is developed market forces will compel foreign oil companies to develop the oil resources of Central Asia via pipelines passing through Iran. American opposes Iranian route because the Iranian revolution of 1979 was a challenge to America. If America accepts Iran, it would only be an encouragement for others to follow the Iranian example. The problem interests of French and Japanese companies to trade with Iran use the opportunity offered by the Iranian route to export Central Asian energy resources to India.

 

UNOCAL PIPELINE FOR INDIAN MARKETS: It is imperative for America to facilitate an alternative pipeline via Iran to expedite the delivery of Turkmen and Azerbaijan gas and oil to Indian and Pakistani markets. Civil war in Afghanistan was a major barrier to constructing the only possible pipeline, which could deliver Turkmenistan oil and gas straight to India and Pakistan while avoiding Iran. However as we have seen, the potential for proxy war very much remains in Afghanistan, as does the potential for limited insurgency by Taliban remnants. The Democracy of the Oil Barons and the American Oil Expansion demand even when the Afghan conflict ends America will not leave Central Asia. America has long-term plans and interests in Caspian basin.

 

PENTAGON’S OIL GOALS IN CASPIAN REGION: The central objectives of Pentagon in Caspian Central Asia include: (1) Containment of Iran. (2) Detaching Central Asia and the Caucasus from Russian domination. (3) Opening up the Caspian Central Asia as a major supplier of oil and gas, in order to diversify global energy production and thereby reduce the power of OPEC oil states. (4) To realize the commercial opportunities offered to American oil corporations in Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.

 

1998 NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY: The 1998 National Security Strategy explains why Caspian Central Asia is important to the United States. Caspian Central Asia has estimated reserves of 160 billion barrels of oil, comparably large natural gas reserves, and will play an increasingly important role in satisfying the world's future energy demands. America publicly maintains that Caspian region's energy sources could be a back up to the unstable Persian Gulf and allows America to reduce its dependence on OPEC energy supplies.

 

PARTNERSHIP FOR PEACE: America also moved to check any possibility of their one-sided military dependence upon Russia. American determination to prevent either Moscow or Tehran from dominating the Caspian Central Asia, either in energy, or through penetration and control of their defense structures goes back at least to 1994. Russian as well as American imperialism marches hand in hand with local despotism. The oil producing Caspian states are now members of the PFP (Partnership for "Peace) a NATO- front organization FE. Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Georgia overtly seek NATO's direct participation in the area, the Pentagon and NATO’s contest with Russia and Iran has assumed a more openly military aspect in Central Asia.

 

JOINT RUSSIAN AMERICAN EXERCISES: American officials proclaim the vital importance of joint exercises with Russia to defend Armenia's security and talk of 'Axis' with Russia and Iran. Consequently and due to the spiraling strategic stakes in the Trans Caspian, NATO's collective engagement, as well as the specifically U.S. engagement, with the region is likely to grow. Why Washington might have to extend its Persian Gulf security guarantees to this region? America really aimed to deny and break Russia's monopoly over the energy producing states.

 

PERMANENT AMERICAN PRESENCE: Russia could sabotage many if not all of the forthcoming energy projects by relatively simple and tested means and there is not much we could do absent a strong and lasting regional commitment. Therefore, for a win-win situation to come about, some external factor must be permanently engaged and willing to commit even military forces, if need be, to ensure stability and peace. This does not necessarily mean a unilateral commitment, but more likely a multilateral one, but actually under U.S. leadership. Without such a permanent presence, and it is highly unlikely that the United States can afford or will choose to make such a presence felt, other than through economic investment, Russia will be able to exclude all other rivals and regain hegemony over the area. With Russia’s blessing, the United States has received military bases in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyz Stan, and, maybe, Kazakhstan. In the long run, these bases are for dealing a strike against Russia, not Bin Laden. Russian would not be surprised if tomorrow Americans they call Putin the best American, European or NATO official as they called Gorbachev. Now United States does have military bases in Central Asia, and has just moved into Georgia in the Caucasus also on a potential pipeline route as the Western pipeline route via Turkey one passes through Georgia.

 

KAZAKHSTAN CLOSER TO RUSSIA: The exception is the northern part of Kazakhstan, adjoining Russia, which was industrialized, with a workforce largely of Slavic origins. This colonial dependence persisted following the break up of the "Soviet" Union, while Kazakhstan's trade with Russia accounts for 42.5% of the G.D.P. of that country; trade with Kazakhstan is a mere 1.7% of that of Russia. Kazakhstan is actually dependant on Russia for it's energy supplies, as all the infrastructure was developed in the "Soviet" period running north-south, rather than west-east from Kazakhstan's oil fields to it's urban centers. The fact that exports must go through Russia provides a further stranglehold.

 

ARMENIA & TAJIKISTAN CLOSER TO RUSSIA: Armenia and Tajikistan in particular, have been forced to lean on Russia for military support, for the lack of an alternative power. However Kremlin influence is not what it once was, due to the Russian economic situation, and because of, the, generally speaking, post-independence eagerness for real independence on the part of local elites. In early 1990's Russia backed Armenia in its dispute with Turkish backed Azerbaijan. Long running conflict in Chechnya itself on the Russian favored pipeline route from Azerbaijan.

 

SHANGHAI CO-OPERATION COUNCIL: Russia has formed a body for maintaining co-operative relations with China, called the Shanghai Co-Operation Council and have forged a relationship with Iran. China like America is a new player in Caspian Central Asia. Shanghai Co-Operation Council is particularly active in regard to disputes over territorial rights in the Caspian sea, the Armenian-Azerbaijan conflict, and in supporting the Northern Alliance against the Taliban.

 

RUSSIA CHINA IRAN INDIA OPPOSE USA: There is growing similarity of interests among Russia, Iran, China and India in countering the West and attempting to increase their own influence. Despite its current weakness, Russia still has the requisite force projection capability in the region. Moreover, the proposed pipeline by-passing Russia is likely to pass through conflict-ridden areas in the former Soviet republics where Russia has established itself in the role of a peace-keeper. Russia has of late stepped up support to the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which unleashes Kurdish insurgency in eastern Turkey from where the proposed Baku-Ceyhan pipeline would pass. Russian geo-politicians feels that as a consequence of its victory in the Cold War, the Washington has driven to the minimum Russian influence in the Baltic and Black Seas. Pentagon has forced Russia out of the zone of the warm seas the Indian Ocean with the loss of Central Asia and Transcaucasus. Russians fear that America making use of the Central Asian Republics’ desire to assert their independence from Moscow, to seek irrevocable changes the geo-political equations in the Muslim Caspian Central Asia. Russia can protect its vital interests in Central Asia in partnership with Iran and China against Western machinations and designs.

 

BARBARIAN ROMAN CATHOLIC CRUSADERS: America promoted anti-modernity Wahhabi fundamentalist to impose on Islam the stigma of barbarianism and backward Civilization, so that Muslims may forget that from 5th to 15th century, throughout the Medieval European Dark Age, the white blue-eyed blond-hair West European, German and Frank Roman Catholic Christians were condemned by civilized Arab Muslims and civilized Orthodox Christian Byzantine Eastern Roman Empire as uncivilized barbarians. Anglo Saxons and German called their society superior civilized only after they had created their colonial Empire after the Age of Renaissance began after the Ottoman conquest of Byzantine Constantinople. From the eyes of the civilized Arab Muslims and civilized Byzantine Orthodox Christians, the West European Roman Catholic Crusaders represented the forces of barbarianism that attacked civilized Muslim Jerusalem during First Crusades and attacked civilized Byzantine Constantinople during Fourth Crusades. First Christian Crusades against Muslim occupation of Holy Land and Jerusalem represented barbarian invasions of Civilized Islamic Jerusalem. From fifth century to fifteenth century during European Dark Age, the Medieval Christian Western Europe represented Barbarian civilization, while Islamic world represented the advanced, modern, liberal Civilization.

 

Eastern Roman Empire’s Byzantine Orthodox rulers did not accept West European Catholic Crusaders as members of the civilized human world, and referred them as barbarians. As late as 718 AD, the white German and Frank slave men and slave girls were sold in the opulent slave markets of Muslim Alexandria and Damascus and Christian Byzantine. Only after 718, Christian Byzantine Navy blockaded the Mediterranean White European Slave trade, to economically harm the economies of Alexandria and Damascus by prohibiting the highly lucrative trade in White West European slaves.

 

The Wahhabism and Shariah is the Christian plot to stick the label of barbarianism on Islam. By propagating Wahhabi Shariah to replace civilized colonial western legal system, Vatican hopes that Muslims would forget that while White West European Christians represented uncivilized barbarianism throughout Medieval Dark Age, the Islamic world represented advance civilization. It is the moral imperative of every civilized Muslim of Egypt, Turkey, Iran Afghanistan and Pakistan to militarily uproot and destroy the Arabian Wahhabi cult from the Arabian Peninsula, otherwise Muslims in the world would begin to believe, especially every Muslim women that Islam is the religion of uncivilized barbarians.

 

AFGHAN WOMEN AGAINST WAHHABISM: After the defeat of Taliban in Afghanistan due to the valor of Northern alliance troops, the women of Afghanistan tore off their Burqa and appeared without Burqa in public for the first time. Girls could go to schools again. The social affect of President Bush’s war on Taliban was truly revolutionary.

 

MILITARY FAILURES OF TALIBAN: It was the direct military intervention by Pakistani military in civilian clothes, not the military prowess of Afghan Taliban fighters, which allowed Taliban's defeat Northern Alliance fighters and gain control over 90 percent of Afghanistan. Pustun Afghans could never compete with Northern Alliance soldiers in military prowess. Failure of the United States to neutralize and prosecute Taliban Wahhabi Sunni terrorists allowed Wahhabi terrorists escaped sure slaughter at the hands of Northern Alliance soldiers and allowed the Taliban terrorists slip into Kashmir under the nose of Pakistan and US military troops.

 

Wahhabi Sunni Muslim terrorist militants, belonging to Saudi Arabia based Wahhabi religious organizations killed three young women in their homes just days after posters appeared in Thanamandi area of Rajouri district in Jammu division, ordering women to wear the burqa. Two of the women, both aged 21, were shot dead in their house in the Rajouri district on Thursday night, on December 19, 2002. The third woman, 22, was taken away and beheaded. "These killings are linked with the diktat on dress code. United Nations should guarantee the rights of Muslim women to convert to Christianity, if they do not want to accept the bondage and servitude that Islam imposes on Muslim women.

 

OIL INTERESTS OF GERMANY & JAPAN: Germany, Japan, France should join forces with India and China to sabotage American colonial designs over Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas reserves. In Caspian oil basin the economic, military and national interests Germany, France and Japan coincide with those of India and China and conflict with those of United States and Russia. India, China, Japan, Germany and France should develop common Caspian oil and gas diplomacy to foil the NATO and Pentagon dreams for the American domination and control over Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan oil and gas resources. There is a growing concern within Europe Union, especially France and Germany over the direction of the Pentagon’s military campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq or lack of it. France and Germany fear that the United States will be the sole beneficiary of the war against Afghanistan and war against Iraq. The economic, military and oil interests of France, Germany, Japan, China, and India in Central Asia conflict with those of United States and US-led NATO. Clearly, the America wants to maintain control not only over the American corporate oil-profits, but also to leverage its control over oil-resources to beat the economic competition of Germany and Japan, its economic competitors. With the U.S. military in control of the transportation of oil, competitors such as Japan, Germany, and France will be forced to cooperate with United States in order to oil their economic infrastructures. Oil interests justify permanent American military presence in the Arabian Gulf and Afghanistan driven by oil. Afghanistan is located in land-locked Central Asia an area that America and American oil companies must dominate in order to retain control over the world's oil resources. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the new development of oil reserves in the Central Asian states, there are huge profits to be made by those who can control the extraction and distribution of oil in Central Asia. Germany, France and Japan should align with India to challenge America’s domination and control over Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan oil and gas production, transportation and distribution. France, Germany, Japan, and India should undermine America’s control over Caspian oil and become dominant player in Caspian oil and gas market.

 

The oil interests of Euro and European Union diametrically conflicts with the oil interests of US Dollar and United States. American Dollar would experience a steady fall, were the Caspian oil and gas prices in Euro the common currency of European Union instead of US Dollar. In the absence of the Russian threat or Bolshevik threat, the German, French and Japanese diplomats should compete rather than cooperate with United States to sabotage America’s quest for the domination over Caspian oil and gas resources. India, Iran, China, Japan, Germany and France should develop common Caspian Oil & Gas policy to jointly develop Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan oil and gas resources and to jointly develop Turkmenistan gas and oil pipeline to transport Turkmenistan oil and gas to Indian markets, either via Iranian route or via Pakistani route, without the involvement of American oil companies. European Union would advance greatly towards great power status, if it could develop common Caspian oil policies independent of United States. 

 

28(18) Oil Colonialism in Clash

AMERICAN NEO-COLONIALISM BASED ON OIL: American neo-colonial oil empire, seeks neither to modernize Islamic societies nor promote Christianity in oil-producing nations, and is very happy to deal with ultra-fundamentalists including Osama bin Laden-type Wahhabi terrorists, so long as America’s oil-interests are not threatened. America learnt in Iran that neither the democratic populist regimes nor enlightened monarchies serve the interests of United States, if their goal is the improvement of their oil-country. American oil-imperialism prefers dictators and corrupt regimes, because dictators and corrupt regimes would invest their ill-gotten wealth in American banks and the Wall Street. America rules American colonial empire comprising of Muslim oil-producing countries having small populations, through American oil companies and the CIA. American oil companies act like the colonial bureaucracy, collecting tax revenue in form of oil-incomes and the CIA’s covert operations periodically change the Muslim rulers of oil-producing nations by military coups and palace coups. American neo-colonial empire based on the control over oil and gas fields, and control over the transportation of oil and gas by tankers and pipelines, and control over the oil refineries and control over the distribution of the oil and gas products to the consumers. The oil exploration, extraction and transportation are not labor intensive and oil and gas reserves are located in thinly populated desert lands of Middle East. America does not want cultural colonialism over the oil-producing nations. America wants to impose Islamic Shariah Law over Muslim oil-producing nations, so that well paid theocratic Mullah are content exercising their religious, social and political control over poor Muslim masses and Muslim women, while Americans reap all the profits of the oil and gas sales. America empowered a single family the descendants of a single person, King Abdul Aziz of House of Al Saud, the control of entire country Saudi Arabia, which never existed as a nation in the history, primarily because it allows American corporations exploit the oil and gas incomes and the Wall Street manages the entire wealth of the Saudi Royal Family. Duchy of Muscovy was Tax-collectors of Mongol Empire, and House of Romanov exploited its exalted status as Mongol Tax Collectors, after the Ottoman conquest of Byzantine Constantinople to create Russian Empire. Similarly, House of Saud, the common usurper is grateful to United States for recognizing it as rulers of Saudi Arabia. King of Saudi Arabia eternally grateful to United States, for creating legitimacy to House of Saud, which had no legitimate claim to rule Saudi Arabia. Same is the case for Kuwait’s Al Sabah royal family, Dubai’s Al Maktoum royal family, and Ras Al Khaimah and Sharjah’s Al Qusmy royal family. The small populations of Muslim oil-producing nations, namely, Brunei, Qatar, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan makes them totally dependent on United States and Pentagon can control and occupy them whenever necessary.

 

OIL EMPIRE DOESN’T NEED SETTLERS: Americans do not want to settle down and live in Africa, Middle East, Asia and Latin America. American neo-imperialism seeks the control of the mining of the oil, gas, diamond, and mineral resources, which would be owned and controlled by American corporations. American neo-colonialism bribes the corrupt Christian and Muslim rulers of Africa and Middle East, so that these rulers become the de facto tax collectors for American mining corporations. American neo-colonialism in Africa and Middle East seeks to exploit the oil, diamond, and mineral riches of the lands. Spanish conquerors created Spanish Empire to loot the gold of the New World and intermarried with indigenous people. Anglo Saxon English colonialists in Ireland, forcibly evicted Irish farmers and converted agricultural lands into sheep farms for meat and wool harvesting. White Anglo Saxon Protestants dispossessed American Indians to monopolize lands of Indians for agricultural and cattle farms developed and managed by WASPs. The WASPs exploited the railways to kill millions of American Bison the staple food for Indians, to depopulate North America by destroying the food of American Indians. The WASPs wanted the American lands without the Indians, unlike Spaniards and Portuguese who allowed Inca, Maya and Aztec Indians to live and intermarried to create the mixed race of Mestizos and Mulattos. American Oil Empire seeks oil-producing nations with small populations and America becomes very friendly to them and projects these low-population oil-rich nations as leaders of Islamic world, namely, Saudi Arabia. America destabilizes the populous oil-producing nations, namely, Iran, Iraq, Nigeria and Indonesia fearing that oil-wealth may make the populous oil-producing nation independent regional power. America purposely imposed corrupt regime of general Suharto in Indonesia, and corrupt military regimes in Nigeria, and corrupt regime of theocratic Ayatollah Khomeini in Iran and corrupt regime of King Fahd of House of Al Saud in Saudi Arabia, because corrupt regimes in oil-rich nations would not waste oil-revenues on developmental projects and keep their liquid personal wealth in American banks or invest them in the Wall Street.

 

MANUFACTURING SHIFTING TO CHINA: The American prosperity no longer the result of consumer goods manufacturing sector. The industrial revolution and the need of American consumerism to buy low cost high quality consumer goods, made American made consumer goods less competitive than consumer goods made in Asia, especially Communist China. The manufacturing of consumer goods, consumer electronics is labor intensive and the manufacturing of consumer goods has shifter to manpower intensive Asia. The American and European manufacturers specialize on industrial goods and specialized high-tech goods. Over next few decades the trend to shift the entire manufacturing of consumer goods to Asia and third World would continue.

 

SERVICE INDUSTRY SHIFTING TO INDIA: America losing grip over service industry, because better qualified lowered salaried foreign specialists can do the job cheaply. The modern service industry require high level of education, which is more cost effective if outsourced to India and other educated third world countries. India is destined to become for the service industry what china became in the manufacturing industry. India would give tough competition to United States in service industry. America’s service industry and business process outsourcing business shifted to foreign countries.

 

WASPs LOSE FINANCIAL INDUSTRY: The Jews and Europeans would soon snatch the leadership of American financial markets and the Wall Street giving a good blow to the dominance of the US Dollar as the dominant currency of the world. The White Anglo Saxons lost their control over global financial markets. The largest banking, insurance and investment banking company the Citi Group controlled by American Jews. The resignation of Co-Chairman John Reed, former Chairman of Citicorp, in February 2000, a Protestant by belief signals the decline of the power of Protestants in the WASPs’ United States and consolidation of the Semite grip over Wall Street. Citigroup should be broken up, because what is the guarantee that it may not meet the fate of Enron, World Com and Andersen. It would be sad if the banking group Citigroup meltdown comes during the second Bush Administration, to repeat the $200 billion bailout of failed Saving & Loans banks during his father President Bush’s earlier Administration. The principle of Separation of Power should apply to breakup the Citigroup financial monopoly in Banking, Insurance and broker Dealer industry. The prosecution of Martha Stewart’s for insider trading, while serving as Governor of NYSE, suggests the policy of self-regulation in the financial industry shows signs of cracks. Citigroup cartel has the financial capability to conspire $1 trillion fraud, and its consequence could bankrupt American economy.

 

28(19) Big Oil & Militant Islam

The Jews of Damascus made a pact with Prophet Mohammed to use Jewish finance to profit by the sale of war loot from the conquest of the Christian and Hindu cities in Syria, Egypt and North Africa. Eastern Christianity as well as Western Christianity either failed to support or refused to support Gnostic, Arian, and Apostolic Christians during Islamic invasions on Christianity. After Fourth Crusades Roman Catholic Christians supported Muslims in their attacks on Eastern Roman Byzantine Christianity. The political and temporal interests of Church of Rome, coincided with the military defeat of Orthodox Christian state at hands of Muslims, as it would eliminate chief rivals of Roman Catholic Church in Europe. This policy continues to this date, as Church of Rome supports the creation of Muslim State of Palestine over Christian Holy Land in Israel, because Roman Catholics are miniscule minority among Christians in the Holy Land. Just as the Muslim Ottoman conquest of Byzantine Christian Constantinople, enhanced the political and religious power of the Catholic Papacy, similarly the Muslim control over ancient Christian holy properties, in Holy Land, currently under control of Orthodox Christians would enhance the power of Roman Catholicism at the expense of Protestantism and Orthodoxy. Even WASPs Protestant United States, does not demand that the Holy state of Christine carved out of the Christian holy land in the Israel. American Big Oil interests and Catholic fundamentalism makes a common cause with militant Sunni fundamentalism in the Middle East, so that the pro-Wahhabi terrorism policy of America protects the American oil interests in the Muslim oil-producing nations. This policy also supports the social and cultural interests of Catholic ultra-conservative fundamentalism as well as political interests terrorist Wahhabi fundamentalism, without challenging the Big Oil interests.

 

Catholics interests and American oil interests legitimized barbarian Wahhabi doctrine, which is practiced only on Arabian Peninsula desert land, primarily to transfer political power to the fundamentalist clergy, who can be bought more cheaply than the democratic or aristocratic political leadership. Afghan Taliban and Wahhabi clergy could whip Afghan public into submission, especially modern women, so that Big Oil could reap all profits after sharing the loot with selected member of the Muslim clergy. British Empire and British oil interests militarily supported the Wahhabi rebels in Arabia to loosen the grip of Ottoman Empire and Kemalist Turkey. Democratic movements or modernization of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and UAE would have challenged the monopoly of the American Big Oil, these illiterate Muslim clergy was content with small portion of the Oil-loot. It appears that Big Oil created and nurtured Osama Bin Laden, Taliban and Mohammad Omar in Afghanistan, because Big Oil felt more comfortable with Taliban terrorists than with politically elected leaders. Big Oil knew that Taliban and Osama Bin Laden no different than Saudi House of Al Saud. The CIA and the Big Oil overthrew the democratically elected government of Prime Minister Nawaj Sharief because the business family of Nawaj Sharief would have demanded bigger pie of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan oil and gas pipeline, while coup-leader Pervez Musharraf would be content with much smaller bribe. The CIA and Big Oil overthrew the democratically elected government of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto because her husband Asif Ali Zardari sought bigger role for Pakistani capitalists in Turkmenistan oil pipeline.

 

America and Big Oil legitimized the governments of coup-leaders general Zia Ul Haq and general Pervez Musharraf, by arranging the support of fundamentalist religious leaders for them. Western media, the CIA and Big Oil lobbied for the legitimization of the militant Islamic ultra-fundamentalism, as imposition of Shariah law, transferred political power in hands of religious clergy away from modern judiciary and bureaucracy. In the eyes of Big Oil and US covert operations neither Taliban nor Osama Bin Laden nor heroin cartel would be enemy of United States as it legitimized new regimes US covert operations brought into power in Afghanistan, Pakistan and oil-producing Islamic nations. US ambassador to Pakistan had offended prime minister Benazir Bhutto by suggesting that Pakistan shift its support from Argentine’s oil company Bridas to American oil company Unocal. Big Oil brought into power Prime Minister Khaleda Zia because she supported America’s control over Bangladesh big gas fields and the presence of American troops in Bangladesh. Because Wahhabi militant Islam solidly backs the interests of American Big Oil, the Roman Catholics and Protestant Evangelicals joined hands with fundamentalist Wahhabi clergy and pro-Shariah movement in Nigeria, Sudan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Indonesia. Big Oil feels more comfortable transferring political power to the fundamentalist militant Islamic leaders, because clergy is content with political power, while the educated, liberal, secular modernistic Muslim leaders would demand greater share of the oil-incomes for the social developmental projects in the Islamic societies.

 

President Bush’s war on Afghanistan was not a war to neutralize Taliban and Osama bin Laden, rather to provide safe passage to Pakistan to them. President Bush’s war on Iraq would result in the transfer of political power to fundamentalist theocratic clergy in Iraq, a big win for the Wahhabism and Islamic fundamentalism. Big Oil finances the Wahhabi terrorists in Russian Chechnya, it finances the Naga Christian rebels in India’s northeast as well as Wahhabi Muslim rebels in Kashmir. Big Oil finances the fundamentalist Muslim rebels in Algeria, and finances the fundamentalist Muslim parties in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Egypt, Nigeria, Sudan and other oil-rich Islamic countries. The American diplomats echoing interests of the Big Oil argued that the Taliban would probably develop like the Saudis did. Afghanistan would become an American oil colony. There would be huge profits for the West, no democracy and the legal persecution of women. America and Big Oil can live with that. Under ideal situation, American colonial empire seeks to establish America oil colonies, where American oil companies control the economy and reap huge profits, and the Muslim Mullahs impose Shariah and beat women into submission and political dissent is violently crushed. Fundamentalist Taliban and military dictatorship is the norm not the exception. Islamic terrorism became a global menace because Big Oil interests and their stooge rulers support it, to keep Islamic world under permanent religious smoldering.

 

28(20) British Oil Empire Died

DECLINE OF BRITISH OIL IMPERIALISM: British Oil Imperialism overshadowed American oil imperialism in control over Middle East oil before the Second World War. Before 1945, the Indian Empire and British Empire controlled 100 per cent of Iranian oil and 47.5 percent of Iraqi oil; the U.S. interest was only 23.75 per cent in Iraq equal to France's interest in Iraq oil. After 1945, the control over Middle East oil has changed radically; in 1959 the U.S. share rose to 50 per cent of all Middle East oil, while that of Britain declined to 18 per cent, and France had 5 per cent, the Netherlands 3 per cent, other, including the local Arab governments, 24 percent. After the end of the Cold War the Western oil imperialism is really United States imperialism. America could care less for the people of Iraq, its Kurdish minority, weapons of mass destruction, or any of the other pretexts it offers as justification for war. America cares about the dark, slippery ooze beneath the sands of Iraq, and America wants to wage war to control its flow and distribution.

 

AMERICA TOOK OVER BRITISH OIL EMPIRE:

If Oil Imperialism had replaced traditional colonialism then why the hell labor Prime Minister Harold Wilson gave independence to oil-rich colonies of Brunei, United Arab Emirates in 1968? Some skeptics argue that British Prime Minister Harold Wilson could be a CIA spy. Prime Minister Tony Blair's loyalty to president George Bush looks like slow political suicide for the legacy of British Empire, which included almost all oil-producing Muslim countries, including Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Malaysia and Brunei. Labour Prime Minister Tony Blair’s preparedness to follow Bush over every precipice jeopardizes Britain’s relationships with its allies, conjures up enemies all over the world and infuriates voters of all political colors. And yet Tony Blair never misses an opportunity to show what a trusting friend Britain is to the Yankee master. There are several plausible and well-established explanations for this unnatural coupling. But there might also be a new one. Tony Blair has calculated that sticking to American Big Oil interests as articulated by President Bush is the only way in which Britain’s unsustainable economy can meet its need for oil and gas energy. Britain is running out of time. According to the Oil Depletion Analysis Center the UK's North Sea production has been declining since 1999. Nuclear power in Britain is, in effect, finished when European Union prohibited the British government's latest desperate attempt to keep it afloat with massive subsidies. Tony Blair has also flatly rejected both an effective energy reduction policy and massive investment in alternative power. The only remaining way of meeting future energy demand is to import ever-greater quantities of oil and gas.

 

Rise of American Oil Empire:

OIL INDUSTRY PILLAR OF USA’s DOMINANCE:

The US military presence in Georgia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan will help ensure that a majority of oil and gas from the Caspian basin will go westward, bypassing the United States' geopolitical rivals, Russia and China. The reason why Vladimir Putin is determined to keep Chechnya under Russian control, whatever the cost to both the Chechens and the Russians may be, is that Chechnya is one of the last available Russian pipeline routes for transporting Caspian oil. The White House has been playing the same game in Saudi Arabia and the Middle East. Pentagon’s strategic domination over the entire region, including the whole lane of sea communications from the strait of Hormel, will be perceived as the primary vulnerability of China’s energy supply". Pentagon visited Sao Tome and Principe, the islands halfway between Nigeria and Angola, to discuss the possibility of establishing a military base there. United States and Sao Tome and Principe see the proposed American base as a threatening staging post, which the Pentagon could use to gain exclusive access to West African oil. President George Bush negotiated a North American energy initiative with Canada and Mexico. The Washington is hoping to extend the arrangement of the North American Energy Initiative to the rest of the Latin and South Americas, which explains the military coup, that the CIA supported and which nearly toppled Venezuela's president Hugo Chavez in April 2002.

 

SCRAMBLE FOR OIL RESERVES: The world's oil reserves, the depletion analysis center claims, appear to be declining almost as swiftly as the North Sea's. Conventional oil supplies will peak within five or 10 years, and decline by around 2 million barrels per day every year from then on. As available proven oil and gas reserves decline, the world's oil-hungry industrialized nations are tussling to grab as much as they can for themselves, like the proverbial scramble for the colonial empires in the post-1500 era. Almost everywhere on earth the United States is winning in the neo-colonial scramble for oil colonies and scramble for political control over oil-producing regimes. United States is positioning itself to become the gatekeeper to the world's remaining proven oil and gas. If America succeeds to become the gatekeeper to the world’s oil and gas supplies, then America will both secure its own future supplies and massively enhance America’s hegemonic power. New kinds of fossil fuel have only limited potential to ameliorate the coming crisis. In the Middle East, the only nation, which could significantly increase its output, is Iraq.

 

AMERICAN OIL IMPERIALISM: American Imperialism is camouflaged Oil Imperialism, and American Oil interests defines America’s National Interests. Like a Roman potentate, Bush Doctrine 2002 declares America could care less what its European or Arab so-called "allies" want; the U.S. will act, if needs be, unilaterally alone. American Empire does not need allies; they need subjects. More specifically, American Empire needs oilfields not subjects, because oil fuels the modern industrial economy. America’s wars are all about oil. America Oil empire wants corrupt rulers and fundamentalist clergy to keep their smaller populations under check, their women under burqa, so that the ruling elite and ruling clergy let the Big Oil control the economy, for a piece of the action and share of the oil incomes. Islamic terrorist War is the health of the American oil empire. Islamic terrorist War is hell to the poor, to the weak, to women, children, and the elderly in the Islamic world, but big profits for the ruling elite and clergy and Islamic terrorists. Islamic terrorist wars are often hell to the young men who wage wars, who see and experience the inhuman horrors of war, and have to carry the physical and psychological scars of battle into their last days. To the wealthy Muslim elites and the clergy, as well as to the Muslim business class, Islamic war of terrorism is not hell but on the contrary Islamic terrorist war is opportunity. Indeed, terrorist war is big business, whether in Chechnya, Algeria, Kashmir or Afghanistan. To great powers Islamic war of terrorism is highly profitable simply because it helps consolidate America’s hold over Muslim oil and gas reserves and control over global oil trade.

 

OIL IS ACHILLES’ HEEL OF PENTAGON: United States is not going to let go of its own economic and financial power, which it secured by occupying the centers of oil production and the oil routes as a preventive measure, which became a question of vital importance for Pentagon. Pentagon has the need for further preventive measures by occupying strategic areas in Caspian Central Asia and Middle East as the conflict for the control over oil serves intensifies. America’s Afghan and Iraq war and its military presence in the region destined for long term deployment and would extend well beyond the boundaries of Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Iraq and Saudi Arabia. If Bin Laden did not exist the CIA would probably have invented him, as in a real sense, the CIA did recruit, nurture and train Osama Bin Laden and its band of Taliban Mujahideens.

 

MEDIA HYPES THE OIL IMPERIALISM: Media attention is turning to the strategic importance of Afghanistan for the US and the west in general a significance that is based on oil, or more precisely the routing of oil and gas pipelines from the rich energy deposits of central Asia and the Caspian basin opened up to Western capital a decade ago with the collapse of the Soviet Union. When it comes to looking at the present Caspian conflict even the mainstream Western press is finding it difficult not to mention the word 'imperialism.

 

GREAT OIL GAME OF GREAT POWERS: In the days of gunboats, the gunboat diplomacy, the imperial leaders of Indian Empire, British Empire and Russian empire camouflaged their use of military force and violence in the "morality" of their actions. The situation in Afghanistan is likened to the 'Great Game' of the 19th century when Indian Empire and Britain vied with Russian Empire for control of Central Asia.

 

TURKMENISTAN BALUCHISTAN PIPELINE: American Big oil liked Taliban. An American diplomat said: "The Taliban will probably develop like the Saudis did. Afghanistan would become an American oil colony. There would be huge profits for the West, no democracy and the legal persecution of women. We can live with that.” Although the deal negotiated by Unocal with Taliban fell through, the Turkmenistan, Afghanistan Pakistan India oil pipeline remains an urgent priority of the Bush administration, which is steeped in the oil industry. Bush's Administration’s open agenda is to exploit the oil and gas reserves in the Caspian basin, the greatest source of untapped fossil fuel on earth and enough, to meet America's voracious energy needs for a generation. Only if the pipeline runs through Afghanistan can the Americans hope to control it. America cannot control the Turkmenistan oil and gas resources if Turkmenistan pipeline reaches the Baluchistan port of Bandar Behesht, running southward from Turkmenistan, on the Iranian side of the border with Afghanistan and Baluchistan province of Pakistan.

 

28(21) Hitler Attacked Iraq Iran?

Hitler might have won the Second World War, had he attacked Syria, Iraq and Iran and then attacked Baku oil fields from Northern Iran. Rather than attacking Soviet Union Adolf Hitler should have attacked the Middle East and secured Oil. Hitler like Napoleon seriously contemplated a campaign through the Near East, following the route of another conqueror Alexander the Great. Hitler and Napoleon both came to grief in Russia. If in 1941, Hitler had put off his invasion of the Soviet Union for a year and had gone for the prize of the Middle Eastern Oil that might have given him the edge against the Allied Powers. In the summer of 1941, Hitler should have chosen to make his major attack not into Soviet Union but across the eastern Mediterranean into Syria and the Lebanon. Had Hitler developed amphibious Navy to transport his troops to the Syrian coast via Crete following the coastlands of Turkey he would have conquered Vincy French Syria. From Syria Hitler should have attacked Iraq and then Iran. The establishment of strong military presence in northern Iran would have positioned his forces close to the Soviet oil production centers on the Caspian Sea. Nazi drive into southern Iran would have given Hitler possession of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company’s wells and vast refinery at Abadan. From eastern Iran, the land routes lay open towards Punjab and Delhi. Indian leader Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose had offered Indian support to Nazi Germany in exchange for German military support for India’s independence from British rule. The Nazi occupation of the French Levant- Syria and Lebanon would have placed Hitler astride a network of strategic highways leading not only to the main centers of Middle eastern oil supply but also to entry points to India and also the southern provinces of Stalin’s Russia. Adolf Hitler foolishly overlooked that ample oil laid close at hand, all the closer since he had completed the conquest of Greece. Iraq, Iran and Saudi Arabia were the world’s largest producers of oil and a direct route towards their fields and refinery lay just across the eastern Mediterranean through Syria. If Turkey’s neutrality was to be violated a land route was also available. Kurds would have joined the war on the side of Nazi Germany against Kemalist Turks. The French Levant, Syria and Lebanon was weakly defended. The Vichy French army in Syria and Lebanon numbered only 38,000, without modern equipment or air cover. The British army in Palestine, Egypt, and Libya numbered only seven divisions and was already locked in combat with the Afrika Korps, which buttressed a larger Italian army. Militarily, if the German-Italian forces in the Middle East were strengthened, the Middle East was ripe for plucking. There was even the making of a local pro-German client regime. On April 3, 1941, Rashid Ali had overthrown the pro-British government in Iraq and asked for German help. German aircraft arrived at Mosul on 13th May 1941, having staged through Syria, the Vichy French garrison feeling powerless to impede.

 

Hitler should have chosen the Nazi thrust into the Middle East from Bulgaria and Greece as the principal operation for 1941, rather than sending troops to Africa and invasion of the Soviet Union. Hitler should have used Italian Dodecanese Islands off the Turkish coast, other Greek islands or British Cyprus as stepping-stones to Vichy Syria. Italian Rhodes might have been chosen as a staging point for an airborne assault on Cyprus, employing the 7th airborne division, in practice uselessly thrown away in the descent on Crete on 20th May 1941. Behind an airborne bridgehead in Cyprus and employing local shipping protected by German airpower, a sizable amphibious assault force could have been built up for landings in Syria and Lebanon. Once a secure foothold had been established in the French Levant, mobile columns could have crossed desert to northern Iraq to create a strong lodgment area. The reinforcements from the lodgment area would have begun the conquest of southern Iraq, Iran and Saudi Arabia. The oil of the Middle East would have solved Hitler’s difficulties in maintaining his military machine. By the end of 1941, with a force of only twenty-five divisions, Hitler would have pushed towards Russian Caucasus from northern Iran to threaten Stalin’s oil-producing centers on the Caspian Sea. This scenario depends for its success on the assembly of sufficient shipping in the eastern Mediterranean to transport the force required.

 

The landward invasion of Iran through neutral Turkey would have worked very well. Turkey was weak militarily. Turks lacked during the Second World War any sort of modern military equipment. Hitler should have invaded eastern Turkey after the conquest of Yugoslavia and Greece, but before the invasion of Soviet Union using Bulgaria and Greek Thrace as springboard, to capture Istanbul, cross the Bosporus and capture Anatolia, the Turkish mainland. The Wehrmacht was certainly capable of surmounting the difficulties of traversing the Anatolian terrain. Nazi army ‘s rapid advance to the Caucasus barrier, Russia’s frontier with Turkey, would have secured the Wehrmacht’s flank with the Soviet Union. From Anatolia it would have been easy march into Iraq and Iran and Saudi Arabia. Hitler should have conceived Barbarossa as a pincer movement rather than a blunt frontal assault on Soviet Union. Hitler should have used Balkan victories of April 1941 in Yugoslavia and Greece to align his forces for an Anatolian (turkey) and Levantine (Syria, Lebanon) victory leading to wide conquests in Arabia and the securing of decisive positions on Russia’s southern flank. Hitler by invading Anatolia and Levant would have fatally undermined Britain’s foothold in the Middle East and dangerously threatened British dominance of the Indian Empire. Asian land powers, Russia and China must not repeat the mistakes Hitler made in not attacking Middle East Oil-producing countries, in future World Wars. Russia and China can cripple America’s dominance in Asia by overthrowing pro-US regimes in the Middle East. Adolf Hitler, the Fuhrer lost the Second World War because he was a stupid military strategist and lacked clear understanding of geopolitics. The fate of the Third World War shall be determined by the battles for the oil-rich Arabia and Caspian basin. The Asian land powers would challenge the global dominance of Western sea powers, air powers and space powers by directly threatening the heart of western economy, the oil fields of the Arabian Peninsula and Caspian basin. The oil-producing Arabian Gulf Wahhabi OAPEC nations and Caspian oil basin represents the Achilles’ heel and the vulnerable heart of the America and European Union, and hostile takeover of the Arabian Gulf could sniff out the life of the Western economy.

 

OPEC IS WEAK SPOT FOR PENTAGON:

The military Achilles Heel of the United States lies not in the continental United States but in Arabian Peninsula and Caspian Central Asia. Any hostile takeover or violent civil rebellion in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Iraq, Iran and Azerbaijan would undermine Pentagon’s war-fighting capability, more than the direct hit on the Pentagon and other sensitive targets in the United States. The proverbial life of the mighty United States located less on the continental United States more in the less-populated Muslim oil-producing nations of OPEC and Caspian oil basin. Whosoever wants to seriously harm the United States should consider the military option of landward occupation of OPEC nations and Caspian oil basin. Military occupation of oil-rich Arabian Gulf region and Caspian basin, by hostile land power would grievously harm the economic, military and political power of the sea power and air power of United States. Russia and China would fight United States in the Third World War by undertaking direct land attacks on oil-rich Arabian Peninsula and Caspian oil basin. 

 

28(22) Big Oil Empire Aids Dollar

Oil Priced in Dollar Keep $ & America Afloat

President bush went to war against Iraq to stop United States going bust and bankrupt. Economist William Clark sees the true battle for the world domination as between the American Dollar and the Euro. Currently American dollar is under the long-standing agreements to buy or sell oil reserves between most of the oil producing nations. This creates a huge dollar reserves that must be used to buy American products and invest in American stock markets. This helped United States to be the richest country of the world, and to remain the richest nation. If all oil producing nations were to remove the American dollar as a currency to trade in oil, the economy of the United States would go into a tailspin last seen in the 1930s Germany. Iraq converted to euro pricing of oil in 2000 and converted his $ 10 billion reserve fund at the UN to euros. North Korea that used to trade oil in dollars changed to euro for trading in oil. Iran is considering changing to euro for trading in Iranian oil. It is no wonder that President Bush put these three countries- Iraq, North Korea and Iran- in the Axis of Evil. Euro was created to competitor with US dollar. Saddam Hussein sealed his fate when he decided to switch to the euro for pricing Iraqi oil and later converted his $ 10 billion reserve fund at the UN to euros, said economist William Clark.

 

DOLLAR IS CURRENCY OF OIL TRADE: The "war on terrorism” against Islamic terrorism is a cover for achieving American strategic oil aims that lie behind the flag-waving facade of great American power. The United States, whose currency is also the currency of the international oil trade, also has a vested interest in maintaining the price of oil, in order to keep up the international exchange rate of the dollar, as well as increasing the financial profits from trade in futures, derivatives and the myriad other aspects of trade in the commodity oil. Since 1960 American capitalism has been trying to find a way out of its global crisis of declining purchasing power of the Dollar, a crisis whose enormity was evident when President Nixon broke the post-war Breton Woods settlement for the world economy by removing the dollar's fixed exchange with gold.

 

OPEC HELPS DOLLAR: The US currency was at once devalued, after dollar was de-linked from gold, but at the same time the burden of the crisis was pushed onto its rivals who had to pay a higher price on the world market for oil, especially when the OPEC states upped the oil price IN 1973. But the benefit to American oil companies and American financial markets and banks from the so-called 'oil shock' went far beyond paying a relatively low price for oil. The Wall Street also became the prime destination of investment for the surplus petrodollars amassed by the oil producing states, especially Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the Gulf. At the same time the floating international exchange rates that were a consequence of the de-linking of the dollar from gold opened up a new era of financial speculation, the profits from which have benefited the United States financial markets enormously, as a result of the dollar's position as the predominant currency of international trade.

 

GLOBALIZATION HELPS DOLLAR: The World Bank and Clinton Administration touted the magic mantra of ‘Globalization” and it resulted in great political, economic and monetary changes since the beginning of the Eighties, which go under the imprecise and generic term 'globalization'. Globalization is the outcome of exponential growth in the American financial sector, American commodity exchanges which allowed appropriation of surplus value in compensation for an increasingly low rate of industrial profit, in the technologically advanced countries. When America realized that America no longer enjoys competitive advantages in the industrial sector, the United States began a gigantic restructuring process relying on both its powerful military machine and the fact that the dollar was, and still is, the most widespread means of international payment, and most widely used reserve currency of the world by foreign central banks.

 

DOLLAR Vs EURO AS 2nd CURRENCY FOR OIL: America sucks the world’s ill-gotten money and the Black Money that escapes tax collectors of the world. The World Bank promotes the globalization so that the rich and crooks of the world steal their nation’s convertible capital to stash it always in American financial markets. America accelerated the unification of international financial markets by promoting globalization through World Bank on one hand and on the other hand America reinforced American Big Oil’s control of oil production and the oil market. Thus, despite the fact that the USA has gone from being the major exporter of goods and capital to become a net importer, it has achieved a widening of the sphere of circulation of the dollar. In 21st Century oil and gas is transformed into one of the innumerable products of the refining process only with the mediation of the United States currency. Oil trade and trade in oil products is the big Dollar finance capitalism that gain from the global oil transactions. No wonder that White House got very nervous when Saddam Hussein advocated that OPEC sets its price in Euro not in US Dollars. The use of US dollar as currency of the global oil trade results in financial gains for more than $500 billion of the American economy. According to economists' calculations it works out at a financial return of more than $500 billion per year. American oil interest, which is certainly at the heart of its war on Afghanistan, is even more than a question of meeting "America's voracious energy needs" or a White House administration’s links to oil industry and Pentagon’s defense of American oil companies.

 

EURO Vs DOLLAR RIVALRY: The bubble burst for the America’s high tech Internet stocks resulting in the failure of America's 'new economy' and a sharpening of the American financial crisis caused by the long bear run at the Wall Street, when at the same time as the Euro, the common currency of the European Union is emerging from its long decline against dollar to attain parity with dollar in the world currency markets. The single European currency is set to eliminate the dollar, at least for exchange inside the European Union where Dollar’s use will be kept to a minimum. Euro, the new European Union’s currency, will some day replace the dollar as the world’s leading reserve currency, so that foreign central banks may store their foreign exchange reserves in strongholds amongst other reserve currencies. Many oil-producing countries are warming to the idea of quoting the value of their oil and gas, black gold in terms of the Euro instead of dollar, if new political movements succeed in overthrowing repressive Wahhabi oil-producing regimes.

 

28(23) Conclusion

(1) IF OIL IS PRICED IN EURO NOT DOLLAR: President bush went to war against Iraq to stop United States going bust and bankrupt. Economist William Clark sees the true battle for the world domination as between the American Dollar and the Euro. Currently American dollar is under the long-standing agreements to buy or sell oil reserves between most of the oil producing nations. This creates a huge dollar reserves that must be used to buy American products and invest in American stock markets. This helped United States to be the richest country of the world, and to remain the richest nation. If all oil producing nations were to remove the American dollar as a currency to trade in oil, the economy of the United States would go into a tailspin last seen in the 1930s Germany. Iraq converted to euro pricing of oil in 2000 and converted his $ 10 billion reserve fund at the UN to euros. North Korea that used to trade oil in dollars changed to euro for trading in oil. Iran is considering changing to euro for trading in Iranian oil. It is no wonder that President Bush put these three countries- Iraq, North Korea and Iran- in the Axis of Evil. Euro was created to competitor with US dollar. Saddam Hussein sealed his fate when he decided to switch to the euro for pricing Iraqi oil and later converted his $ 10 billion reserve fund at the UN to euros, said economist William Clark.

 

(2) OIL IS THE GREAT POWER GAME: Control and domination over oil and natural gas resources is the key element of the Great Power Game in the 21st Century between old players United States and Russia, and new players, namely, China, India, Japan, Germany and France. Germany, France, Japan and China as new players in the Great Power Oil Game in the post-Cold War age, could rewrite the archaic military and political alliances of the Cold War era, which have become outdated in the post-Cold War diplomacy. Germany, France, Japan would cooperate with India and Russia to jointly compete with United States for sabotaging American colonial ambitions to control the Caspian oil and gas riches.

 

(3) INDIA SUPPORTS US OIL COLONIES: In the global clash of races the national interests of Hindu India and Christian United States clash, whenever White House formulates its foreign policy to promote Christian proselytizing interests. However, national interests of Hindu India and Christian United States coincide and complement, whenever White House formulated US foreign policy to establish American oil colonies in the Muslim oil-producing world, to promote the economic and political interests of American Big Oil. Hindu India favors American oil imperialism and neo-colonialism. American oil colonies in the Arab world do not harm the national interests of India. However, American designs to establish American Oil Colony in Turkmenistan harms India’s economic and national interests, simply because India wants to establish Indian oil colonies in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan. India is the ideal market for Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas resources. Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas would have to sell at discount over the OPEC oil and gas fields located near the coastline, while Caspian oil and gas would require transportation over 1,000+ miles long oil and gas pipelines. Indian Empire and Russian Empire competed for influence over Central Asia, the period known as the Great Power Game of 19th Century.

 

(4) DECLINE OF BRITISH OIL IMPERIALISM: After the Second World War, United States replaced Britain and consolidated its domination over oil and gas producing former colonies of British Empire, namely, Iraq, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Iran, Nigeria, Qatar, Oman, Malaysia, Brunei and Bangladesh. British Oil Imperialism overshadowed American oil imperialism in control over Middle East oil before the Second World War. Before 1945, the Indian Empire and British Empire controlled 100 per cent of Iranian oil and 47.5 percent of Iraqi oil; the U.S. interest was only 23.75 per cent in Iraq equal to France's interest in Iraq oil. After 1945, the control over Middle East oil has changed radically; in 1959 the U.S. share rose to 50 per cent of all Middle East oil, while that of Britain declined to 18 per cent, and France had 5 per cent, the Netherlands 3 per cent, other, including the local Arab governments, 24 percent. After the end of the Cold War the Western oil imperialism is really United States imperialism.

 

(5) USA Vs BRITISH & RUSSIAN OIL INTERESTS: After the end of the Cold War, United States seeks colonial control over former Soviet Central Asian republics, namely, Caspian Sea oil rich nations, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. Pentagon wants to do to Russia in 21st Century what it did to Britain after 1945. Should India and China join Russia or United States in the Great Power Oil Game in Caspian Central Asia?

 

(6) SEA POWER THREATENS LAND POWER: For the first time in 2,000 years, after the brief military excursion of Alexander the Great, European Christian Sea powers and Airpowers have secured the contiguous land route from Mediterranean Sea to the landlocked oil-rich Muslim Caspian Central Asia and Afghanistan. This disturbs the geopolitical balance of Eurasian land powers, namely, Russia, China and India with that of white European Sea powers and Air powers. From bases in Heartland of Central Asia the Mongol horse riders could create the world’s largest empire, the Great Mongol Empire. The NATO and Pentagon’s military bases in landlocked oil-rich Central Asia would and should result into Third World War. The geopolitical consequences of the permanent infantry military bases of Euro-American Sea power and Airpower in landlocked Central Asia are so grave for India that Indian Army could risk 10-million Indian lives to militarily expel Euro-American Sea Power and Air Power from Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The geopolitical national interests of Eurasian land powers namely, India, China, and Russia coincide, and demand Asian land powers’ joint military efforts to expel Euro-American Sea power and Airpower from Central Asia. European colonial powers after 1500, deceptively sought permissions from Asian land powers in India and China for trading rights at selected ports and used their land presence on the coastal ports to control and dominate continental-size India and China.

 

(7) SEA POWERS’ MENACE TO CENTRAL ASIA: President Bush’s war on Afghanistan failed to neutralize Taliban and Al Qaeda Wahhabi Islamic terrorists, and invigorated the terrorist acts of Wahhabi Al Qaeda terrorists in India’s Kashmir and Russia’s Chechnya. Rather than invading terrorist Wahhabi Saudi Arabia, responsible for 9/11 terrorist attacks on United States, president Bush now prepares to invade secular Iraq to control the world’s 2nd largest oil and gas reserves in Iraq. Pentagon’s invasion of Afghanistan and Iraq was not related to the America’s Wilsonian declaration of War on Islamic terrorism, but were wars for control over Caspian and Iraqi oil respectively, that reinforced the fundamentalist Wahhabi influence over Islamic world. India, China and Russia had consented to the military presence of Sea power and air power United States and US-led NATO in Eurasian soft-belly in Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to support President Bush’s war on Islamic terrorism. Pentagon and NATO have radically changed its military goals in Caspian Central Asia to redefine the President Bush’s War on Islamic Terrorism, to America’s War for Caspian oil and gas resources, in tactical alliance with Al Qaeda Wahhabi Muslim terrorists based in Russian Chechnya, Chinese Xinjiang and Indian Kashmir. This redefinition of military objectives by pentagon and NATO end the welcome that India, China and Russia gave to Pentagon and NATO in Afghanistan and Caspian Central Asia. Unless Sea power and Air power Pentagon and NATO leave Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan before the end of 2003, the continental size land powers of Eurasia should prepare for the Third World War, which could flare up some time before 2006 and may continue up to 2012.

 

(8) SEA POWER Vs LAND POWER CLASH: President Bush’s War on Afghanistan in 2001 was an Oil War not a War on Terror. America invaded Afghanistan to develop permanent NATO military bases in Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan to further White Christian colonial imperial goals in non-white non-Christian Aryan Central Asia and Aryan South Asia. Aryan race foolishly invited white European NATO and White Sea Powers to develop permanent military land power bases in Heartland of Asia, which unless militarily rectified could result in the conquest and colonization of Asian land powers in 21st Century. Permanent NATO’s military presence in Central Asia disturbs the geopolitical balance of power of Eurasian land powers, because it projects land power and airpower component of white American and European Sea powers in the soft under-belly of Eurasian land powers, namely, Russia, China, India, Pakistan and Iran. The dangerous designs of American sea power to develop permanent land power and airpower military bases in Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, revives the threat of world domination posed earlier by Alexander-the-Great. American quest for domination over Caspian oil and gas and permanent military bases of western sea power and air power in the soft underbelly of Eurasian land powers in landlocked heartland Central Asia, where local Muslim terrorists sabotage land powers to promote the colonial interests of the foreign sea powers and airpowers, makes the Caspian Great Power Game explosive enough to start the Third World War, where three land power of Eurasia, namely, India, China and Russia, may be forced to militarily unite to defeat the landward expansion of white Sea power and white Airpower, namely United States and US-led 26-member NATO. The revolutionary military technology of fire and forget, GPS-technology equipped smart bombs and JDAM kits that transforms the dumb bombs into smart bombs, has enhanced the military reach of sea power and airpower, namely United States and US-led NATO, to the detriment of Eurasian land powers, namely India, China and Russia.

 

(9) TURKMENISTAN-INDIA PIPELINE: India and Pakistan can consume all the oil and gas that Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan could produce and transport via oil and gas pipeline to Pakistan and India. Aryan India and Aryan Pakistan must join forces to secure economic and military control over Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas reserves as it would make 1,500 billion people of South Asia develop very wealthy, prosperous and advance industrial economy. India, Pakistan and Afghanistan join forces and control the oil and gas fields of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and 790-mile 48-inch oil and gas pipeline from Turkmenistan border to Heart, Kandhar, Quetta to Multan, and 400-mile Multan-Delhi pipeline, and 105-mile Turkmenistan border to Dauletabad Field pipeline, total of 1,300-mile oil & gas pipelines. India and Pakistan must not allow the United States, China and Russia dominate and control the oil and gas fields and Caucasian Afghan oil pipeline. The GDP at PPP of four largest economies in 2001 are: USA ($8.4 trillion), China ($4.1 trillion), Japan ($3 trillion) and India ($2.2 trillion). The combined GNP of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh could overtake the GNP of China in five years if India and Pakistan succeed to gain control over extraction, and transportation and marketing of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas. Once India and Pakistan gain control over Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas and Dauletabad-Delhi pipeline, then within five years the combined GNP of South Asia could equal the combined GNP of European Union. India fully realizes that by controlling Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan India may rival United States as the economic, military, academic, scientific, social and cultural super power of the world. The federation of India and Turkmenistan would rival United States. Caspian oil and gas reserves fall under India’s legitimate sphere of influence. Hindu India should risk more than 10 million Indian lives to gain control over Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas and control over Dauletabad-Delhi oil and gas pipeline.

 

(10) CHINA AS NEW OIL PLAYER: In about a decade there will be an important new player on the global oil market. The consensus is that within ten to fifteen years, China will consume as much oil as the U.S. is consuming today. And about 75 percent of new oil production will be imported by China. The politics of oil has gotten another major player, an economic superpower challenger to agitate the political cauldron. It is in the common national interest of China and India to foil American designs to control and dominate the Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas fields and Caspian oil and gas pipelines. India and China should join forces to maintain joint India-China control over Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas.

 

(11) DEPLETING WESTERN OIL RESERVES: America’s fragile control over Muslim oil-producing nations is the Achilles’ heel of the Superpower America. Eurasian land powers, namely India, China, Russia, China and Iran by foiling America’s colonial designs over Muslim Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, could effectively dethrone United States from its fragile throne of sole superpower status. Combined total of proven and estimated reserves in the Caspian region stands at more than 800 billion barrels of crude petroleum and its equivalent in natural gas. Combined total of oil reserves in the Americas and Europe is less than 160 billion barrels, most of which, will get exhausted in the next 25 years. Eurasian land powers should jointly undermine America’s stronghold over Muslim oil-producing nations to undermine the economic Achilles’ heel of the so-called mighty America. Mighty United States could lose its super power status permanently if Eurasian land powers could successfully co-ordinate their diplomatic and military policies to undermine Christian America’s control and influence over anti-women, anti-modernity, anti-people, anti-democracy, utterly corrupt, unpopular Wahhabi Arab OAPEC oil producing nations and Caspian oil-rich nations. Land powers can bring down Sea power and Air power and Space power America by targeting its Achilles’ heel, the elusive American control and domination over oil-producing oppressive Muslim regimes in Arabian Gulf and Southeast Asia, namely Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, UAE, Iran, Iraq, Malaysia and Indonesia.

 

(12) POLITICAL MENACE OF OSAMA BIN LADEN:

America can not afford to alienate Wahhabi terrorists, just as Roman Empire could not help but recruit hostile German barbarians into Roman Army on contract basis. America didn’t wage a war on Afghanistan to eliminate Islamic terrorists, rather to provide safe passage to Taliban and Al Qaeda terrorists. America went to war on Afghanistan to control Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas resources. America would be forced to compromise with Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda terrorists, because Osama Bin Laden heading Wahhabi revolutionaries could bring down the Al Saud monarchy, more ruthlessly than Bolshevik revolutionaries that brought down Imperial Romanov Dynasty in Russia in 1917. At the sweet will of Osama bin Laden Saudi Arabia could face the Wahhabi revolution, which would result in the massacre of 4,000+ male Saudi princes, and the total confiscation of all royal family property and assets, as happened in Iran under Ayatollah Khomeini, the protégé of President Jimmy Carter. Osama bin Laden and Bin Laden group enjoys more power and influence over Saudi House of Al Saud monarchy, than Osama Bin Laden ever enjoyed over Taliban in Afghanistan.

 

United States would cease to be a Super Power if it loses its diplomatic and political grip over Muslim oil-producing nations. Osama bin Laden could theoretically bring down the super power status of United States, if he succeeds in overthrowing the dictatorship of House of Al Saud in Saudi Arabia and dictatorship of sheikhdoms of Al Sabah in Kuwait. President Bush failed to neutralize and eliminate Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda terrorist network, even when Osama bin Laden caused $5 trillion plus economic damages to US economy, Wall Street and US dollar. United States is not powerful enough to neutralize Wahhabi terrorist Osama bin Laden, because Wahhabi terrorism is the real face of Saudi House of Al Saud monarchy. After the dissolution of the Ottoman Caliphate at the end of the First World War, the Wahhabi clergy of Mecca and Medina had agreed to anoint the small tribe leader Abdul Aziz as the King of Saudi Arabia, only so long his family accept the leadership of Wahhabi fundamentalists and Wahhabi terrorists, Osama bin Laden included, over Islam led from Mecca and Medina. Saudi royal family can never accept the destruction of Wahhabi terrorists at hands of Christians, as it would destroy the legitimacy of the House of al Saud Monarchy itself. America is powerless to destroy Wahhabi terrorist Osama bin Laden and al Qaeda network. 

 

(13) BALUCH-AFGHAN-TURKMEN FEDERATION: United States must encourage the secession of Baluchistan province from Pakistan. Baluchistan Afghanistan federation would provide uninterrupted oil-pipeline route from Afghanistan to Baluchistan port of Gwadar. Baluchistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan would form Aryan Islamic Confederation, and gain direct access to the Arabian Sea and become independent of Russian sea outlets. The secession of Baluchistan Province and Pustun NWFP Frontier province would resolve ethnic rivalries in Pakistan and promote regional peace. India has the proven expertise to partition Pakistan. It is in the national interest of the United States to partition Pakistan and recognize the independence of Baluchistan. Secession of Baluchistan would create a trouble free Turkmenistan-Baluchistan pipeline, or Dauletababd-Gwadar pipeline to transport Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas resources to India, and to Asia. India partitioned Pakistan in 1971, to engineer the creation of sovereign, independent Bangladesh formerly known as East Pakistan. India should engineer the Second Partition of Pakistan sometime before 2010, to engineer the creation of independent, sovereign Baluchistan. Indian should also promote the Aryan Confederation of Baluchistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. India should give open ultimatum to Pakistan, either permanently stops giving supports to Wahhabi Muslim terrorists in India, or India would encourage the secession of Baluchistan and NWFP Frontier Province and encourage the federation of Baluchistan and NWFP Frontier Province with Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan into Aryastan. 

 

(14) BIG OIL NURTURES WAHHABI TERRORISM: American Neo-colonialism and oil-imperialism imposed the rule of fundamentalist Muslim Clergy, military coup leaders and decadent corrupt rulers, in exchange for total American exploitation of their national resources. American oil imperialism and American neo-colonialism is mortal enemy of democracy, freedom and modernity in the Third World. By legitimizing the terror of Muslim clergy over Muslim women and moderate Muslim men, American neo-imperialism secured total control over Islamic gas, oil and other natural resources, and created American oil colonies throughout Islamic oil-producing world. American Oil Empire and Oil colonies based on Christian America’s acceptance of the moral superiority of Shariah over western laws and superiority of Islamic fundamentalism over moderate, liberal Islamic sects.

 

History may record someday that Islamic Wahhabi fundamentalism invented and legitimized by Zionists and Christians to denigrate civilized Islam and to secure consent of fundamentalist Muslim Clergy to transform Muslim oil-producing nations into American oil colonies. Capitalist Christian oil interests abandoned Western Christian proselytizing goals in Arabia to secure the political and military control over oil producing nations and economic control over Islamic oil and gas fields. Wahhabism could also be a Catholic Jesuits plot to attach the stigma of barbarianism over Islam, even when from 7th to 14th Century Islamic world represented Civilization, and the Catholic Western Europe represented barbarianism. In exchange for political ascendancy and legal Shariah authority to beat Muslim women with impunity, Muslim Wahhabi fundamentalist Clergy accepted the Pentagon's military control of the oil producing Muslim states as well as Big Oil's control over Arab oil and gas resources. America was able to establish American oil colonies throughout Arab world by securing political and religious pact with the fundamentalist Wahhabi Clergy.

 

In the name of Islam, the Wahhabi Muslim Clergy eliminated the educated, secular, modern, moderate Muslim leadership that dared to challenge establishment of American oil colonies, throughout oil-rich Arab and Islamic world. American Oil Empire took control over Muslim oil and gas fields by handing over beating sticks to Muslim Clergy for beating Muslim women. Wow! What a brilliant Capitalist bargain. By letting illiterate Muslim men beat Muslim women, Christian Big Oil got all the oil and gas wealth of Muslim world, and pentagon got military and political control over Muslim oil-producing world. Militant Islamism and Wahhabi fundamentalism invented by Christian neo-colonial interests, to win the consent of Muslim Clergy for establishing American oil colonies in former territories of the Ottoman Empire. The political, military and social power of the Ottoman Islamic Caliphate destroyed by the expedient alliance of Christian Big Oil with Wahhabi and fundamentalist Muslim Clergy.

 

(15) Asian Land Powers’ War on US Oil Colonies

Eurasian land powers realize that American Muslim oil colonies are the Achilles’ heel of American military and economic power, which in times of world wars, could be militarily conquered or destabilized by the Eurasian land powers, namely, Russia, China and India. The economic development of Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas fields and oil/gas pipelines would expedite the demand for Baluchistan’s secession from Pakistan and Iran, which would make Baluchistan prosperous and strategically significant, and provide unfettered access to the Arabian Sea ports to the landlocked Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Eurasian land powers should militarily support the secession of Kurdistan from oppressive occupation of Turkey. The secession of Kurds from Turkey and Iraq would provide direct land access from Kurd-majority areas on the Black sea to the Kurd areas at the mouth of Arabian Gulf. India, China and Russia should support secession of Shiite-majority Al Hasa oil-producing region from Saudi Arabia, and Shiite-majority oil-producing southern region from Iraq. American Big Oil Colonialism would engineer the secession of Baluchistan and NWFP Frontier Province from Pakistan, so that Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Baluchistan Oil-Gas Pipeline could transport Gas and Oil to the oil terminals at Baluchistan port of Gwadar, without depending upon continued support of volatile Pakistan. American Big Oil colonialism had earlier brought about the secession of Bangladesh in 1971, to gain control over the Gas reserves of Bangladesh in Sundarban Basin. After the secession of Baluchistan from Pakistan the NATO troops in Afghanistan would guarantee that Turkmenistan Oil & Gas flows without interruption via Turkmenistan-Gwadar Oil-Gas Pipeline.

 

Pakistan not Turkey is the strongest military power in the Islamic world and deserves the rightful status as the ‘Caliph of Islam.’ Pakistan as a the Caliph of Islam has the right to take over the former territories of the Ottoman Caliphate, namely, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq and United Arab Emirates. Should oil-rich OAPEC Arab nations give a portion of the gross oil-incomes to Caliph of Islam Pakistan and hand over the custody of Mecca and Medina to Pakistan? It is likely that during 21st century nuclear Pakistan would invade and occupy Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia and inter-marry with 5 million Saudi, Kuwait and Iraqi women to lay the foundation of powerful Islamabad Caliphate. Pakistan’s conquest of Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia does not harm India’s national interests. Just as after 640 AD Muslim raiders looted Egypt and Syria and sold the loot to Damascus Jews, similarly the Wahhabi militant Islamic Clergy aligned British imperialism and American imperialism and agreed to make oil-rich Arabian Peninsula British and American colony, in exchange for British and American recognition of Wahhabi monopoly over social, cultural and religious affairs.

 

Before 1945, the Indian Empire and British Empire controlled 100 per cent of Iranian oil and 47.5 percent of Iraqi oil; the U.S. interest was only 23.75 per cent in Iraq equal to France's interest in Iraq oil. After 1945, the control over Middle East oil has changed radically; in 1959 the U.S. share rose to 50 per cent of all Middle East oil, while that of Britain declined to 18 per cent, and France had 5 per cent, the Netherlands 3 per cent, other, including the local Arab governments, 24 percent.

 

(16) Yankee Iraqi Oil Empire

Pentagon would directly rule Iraq, by placing a puppet military general into power in Iraq, so that loot of Iraqi oil could pay for future Pentagon’s military expeditions in future. America talks about democracy in a post-Saddam Iraq, but realizes that the interests of American Oil Colonialism best served by the military dictatorship under direct control of American occupation troops. The fate of Saddam Hussein and fate of Iraqi oil is also the fate of Arab world, Arab Oil and even Islam. If Iraq falls and becomes the colony of Christian American Big Oil then the entire oil-producing would become sooner than later, the colonies of American Colonial Empire, or the French Oil Colonial Empire, or German Colonial Empire, or Russian colonial Empire, or Indian or Chinese or Japanese Colonial Empire.

 

America realized that Iraq is no military power and can easily be conquered and colonized. British policy of divide and rule would allow British and American oil interests long term colonial rule over Iraq, till its oil resources are depleted. Direct American colonial occupation of Iraq and establishment of direct American colony in Iraq, in post-Saddam Iraq would promote stability and peace in Iraq and make America wealthy and prosperous. Why should America pay for foreign Oil when it can colonize and exploit Iraqi oil free?

 

In the global clash of races the national interests of Hindu India and Christian United States clash, whenever White House formulates its foreign policy to promote Christian proselytizing interests. However, national interests of Hindu India and Christian United States coincide and complement, whenever White House formulated US foreign policy to establish American oil colonies in the Muslim oil-producing world, to promote the economic and political interests of American Big Oil. Hindu India favors American oil imperialism and neo-colonialism. American oil colonies in the Arab world do not harm the national interests of India. However, American designs to establish American Oil Colony in Turkmenistan harms India’s economic and national interests, simply because India wants to establish Indian oil colonies in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Azerbaijan. India is the ideal market for Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas resources. Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan oil and gas would have to sell at discount over the OPEC oil and gas fields located near the coastline, while Caspian oil and gas would require transportation over 1,000+ miles long oil and gas pipelines. Indian Empire and Russian Empire competed for influence over Central Asia, the period known as the Great Power Game of 19th Century.

 

 

 

© 2006 Copyrights All Rights Reserved Author: KALKI GAUR

Kalki Gaur Books are as follows:

Kalki Gaur, “GLOBAL CLASH OF RACES” (2006)

Kalki Gaur, “DIPLOMACY OF CIVILIZATIONS” (2006)

Kalki Gaur, “MANIFESTO OF NEOCONSERVATISM” (2006)

Kalki Gaur, “HINDU HOLY GITA – MOKSA VIA RELIGIOUS WARS” (2006)

Kalki Gaur, “DA VINCI CODE AS CLASH OF RELIGIONS” (2006)

Kalki Gaur, “GLOBAL CLASH OF RELIGIONS” (2006)

Kalki Gaur, “GNOSTIC BIBLE” (2006)

Kalki Gaur, “POPULIST MANIFESTO” (2006)

The complete text of 5,000 pages of Books by Kalki Gaur available for free download at following Kalki Blogs for academic and non-commercial usage.

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