From time to time, research is conducted that is
directly related to the activities of search and rescue using canines. Below
are some abstracts of ongoing research that is being conducted.
Kelly, K.R., C.E. Melvin, V.Ayers, R. Bouet, L. Bouet, S. Everett & M.Appleton. 2009. Unpublished material
In February, 2007, a search dog did not give a trained indication to a cadaver reportedly under the influence of methamphetamine when last seen alive. Debriefing indicated that methamphetamine contamination may block the deceased odor pattern.
Three cross-trained dogs were exposed to methamphetamine contaminated human remains in two blind trials including negatives, uncontaminated human remains, and live samples. None indicated the presence of contaminated samples or negatives but indicated 100% of other samples.
Upon subsequent imprinting to methamphetamine samples, the dogs indicated its presence from 75% to 100%.
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Can a flower smell like a dead human?
Garcher, K., S. Williams, K. R. Kelly & C.
E. Melvin. 2009. High School International Science Fair entry. Reno, NV.
The purpose was to determine if fresh-cut
herbaceous flowers were capable of transporting water containing dissolved
human scent. The experiment used carnations, (Dianthus caryophyllus), cross
trained search dogs, human remains scent samples and human blood samples. The
carnation’s ability to transport substances was determined by allowing the
flower stalks to soak in the test solution, then recording the trained
indications made by the search dogs. The preliminary results of this project
were; 66 % of the flowers soaked in human scent for 48 hours were located, and
50 % of the flowers soaked for 168 hours were located, using 3 dogs. One dog
found 100% in all trials.
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Search & Rescue Trailing Canines Using Aged Blood Scent Articles
Chuck Morris, North American Search Dog Network and SCEMK9
Download article (MS Word)