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Christopher Columbus

This is a comprehensive unit on Christopher Columbus

for grades 3 to 5.




  1. Historical fiction lesson: Christopher Columbus

Are you a teacher wishing to teach a fun unit on Christopher Columbus? Do you want to make those lessons extra memorable? The way to do this is to make the students feel like they are a part of history. How can you do this? Involve the students in role-playing, puppet shows, and storytelling. The unit you will be sharing with your students is called “Travel through Time with the Story Genie: A Role-Playing Unit on the life and times of Christopher Columbus.


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This Creative Master’s Thesis I completed as part of the requirements for my master’s degree in Elementary Education with a specialization in storytelling. The purpose of this study was to create a role-playing program of the life and times of Christopher Columbus for use with fifth-grade social studies students. It was intended that this creative unit may either be used as a substitute for or in conjunction with a textbook approach. These seven role-plays are also appropriate for grades three and four. The links to all role-plays, tests, and teacher scripts will be included.


Appendix A: Travel through Time with the Story Genie:

A Role-Playing Unit on the life and times of Christopher Columbus


Links to Teacher Scripts and Student Role-Plays

* Details about how to use PUPPETS

* PUPPETS PART 1 to color and laminate (pp. 1 to 23)

* PUPPETS PART 2 to color and laminate (pp. 24 to 46)

* Lesson 1 of 7: The life and times of Christopher Columbus

* OPTIONAL: The Legend of St. Christopher. Optional role-play to be used at the end of Role-Play #1

* Lesson 2 of 7: The life and times of Christopher Columbus

* Lesson 3 of 7: The life and times of Christopher Columbus

* Lesson 4 of 7: The life and times of Christopher Columbus

* Lesson 5 of 7: The life and times of Christopher Columbus

* Lesson 6 of 7: The life and times of Christopher Columbus

* Lesson 7 of 7: The life and times of Christopher Columbus


Master’s Thesis called Creative Role-Playing Unit on Christopher Columbus developed for Fifth Graders

* Christopher Columbus Creative Master’s Thesis: Introduction

* Christopher Columbus Creative Master’s Thesis: Chapter 1

* Christopher Columbus Creative Master’s Thesis: Chapter 2

* Christopher Columbus Creative Master’s Thesis: Chapter 3

* Christopher Columbus Creative Master’s Thesis: Chapter 4

* Christopher Columbus Creative Master’s Thesis: Chapter 5


Appendix A & B

* Christopher Columbus Creative Master’s Thesis: Feedback after Lesson 1

* Christopher Columbus Creative Master’s Thesis: Dear Domenico, Father of Christopher Columbus

* Christopher Columbus Creative Master’s Thesis: How do you feel? (Social Studies Attitudinal Survey for Students)

* Christopher Columbus Creative Master’s Thesis: Test on Columbus

* Christopher Columbus Creative Master’s Thesis: Minute Paper

* Christopher Columbus Creative Master’s Thesis: Teacher Evaluative Response Form

* Christopher Columbus Creative Master’s Thesis: Columbus Bibliography





Social Studies – Kindergarten

History

Content Standard: 5.0

History involves people, events, and issues. Students will evaluate evidence to develop comparative and casual analyses, and to interpret primary sources. They will construct sound historical arguments and perspectives on which informed decisions in contemporary life can be based.

 

Learning Expectations:

5.01 Identify major events, people, and patterns in Tennessee, United States, and world history.

5.02 Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present, and future.

5.03 Explain how to use historical information acquired from a variety of sources.

 

Accomplishments

K.5.01 Identify major events, people, and patterns Tennessee, United States, and world history.

a. Define history as the story of our past.

b. Recall events in the past and present in order to recognize that individuals have a personal history.

K.5.02 Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present, and future.

a. Recognize that change occurs over time.

b. Observe how sites in neighborhoods and communities change over time.

K.5.03 Explain how to use historical information acquired from a variety of sources.

a. Recognize that each family has a family tree.

b. Recall family stories and celebrations to develop a personal history.

c. Illustrate a family history to demonstrate that every family has a heritage.

 

Social Studies - First Grade

History

Content Standard: 5.0

History involves people, events, and issues. Students will evaluate evidence to develop comparative and casual analyses, and to interpret primary sources. They will construct sound historical arguments and perspectives on which informed decisions in contemporary life can be based.

 

Learning Expectations:

5.01 Identify major events, people, and patterns in Tennessee, United States, and world history.

5.02 Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present, and future.

5.03 Explain how to use historical information acquired from a variety of sources.

 

Accomplishments

1.5.01 Identify major people, events, and issues from Tennessee, United States, and world history.

a. Recognize some early forms of communication and how communication has changed over time.

b. Recognize that other countries have a longer history than the United States.

c. Identify contributions of diverse historical figures that have influenced the community, state, and nation.

1.5.02 Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present, and future.

a. Distinguish between the past, present, and future.

b. Recognize major events in American history.

 

Social Studies - Second Grade

History

Content Standard: 5.0

History involves people, events, and issues. Students will evaluate evidence to develop

comparative and casual analyses, and to interpret primary sources. They will construct

sound historical arguments and perspectives on which informed decisions in

contemporary life can be based.

 

Learning Expectations:

5.01 Identify major events, people, and patterns in Tennessee, United States, and world history.

5.02 Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present, and future.

5.03 Explain how to use historical information acquired from a variety of sources.

 

Accomplishments

2.5.01 Identify major events, people, and patterns Tennessee, United States, and world history.

a. Explain the significance of various community, state, and national celebrations such as Memorial Day and Independence Day.

b. Explain how local people and events have influenced local community history.

2.5.02 Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present, and future.

a. Describe the order of events by using designation of time periods such as ancient times and modern times.

b. Use vocabulary related to chronology, including past, present and future.

c. Describe and measure calendar time by days, weeks, months, and years.

d. Comprehend that physical and human characteristics of communities change over time.

2.5.03 Explain how to use historical information acquired from a variety of sources.

a. Identify and explain the significance of various community landmarks.

b. Create and interpret timelines.

c. Compare various interpretations of the same time period using evidence such as photographs and interviews.

 

Social Studies - Third Grade

History

Content Standard: 5.0

History involves people, events, and issues. Students will evaluate evidence to develop

comparative and casual analyses, and to interpret primary sources. They will construct

sound historical arguments and perspectives on which informed decisions in

contemporary life can be based.

 

Learning Expectations:

5.01 Identify major events, people, and patterns in Tennessee, United States, and

world history.

5.02 Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present, and

future.

5.03 Explain how to use historical information acquired from a variety of sources.

 

Accomplishments

3.5.01 Identify major people, events, and issues in Tennessee, United States, and world history.

a. Identify the heroic deeds of characters from state, national, and global histories.

b. Identify historical figures that helped to shape regions.

3.5.02 Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present and future.

a. Describe the order of events by using designation of time periods such as ancient times and modern times.

b. Describe how individuals, events, and ideas cause regional change over time.

c. Use vocabulary related to chronology, including past, present and future.

d. Describe and measure calendar time by days, weeks, months, and years.

3.5.03 Explain how to use historical information acquired from a variety of sources.

a. Create and interpret timelines.

b. Identify factors that cause development and change in communities.

c. Compare various interpretations of the same time period using evidence such as photographs and interviews.

 

Third Grade Benchmarks

 

Performance Indicators State:

As documented through state assessment -

at Level 1, the student is able to

3.5.spi.1. label historical events as past, present and future.

at Level 2, the student is able to

3.5.spi.2. use a timeline to determine the order of a historical sequence of events.

at Level 3, the student is able to

3.5.spi.3. read and interpret facts from a historical passage.

 

 

Social Studies - Fourth Grade

History

Content Standard: 5.0

History involves people, events, and issues. Students will evaluate evidence to develop comparative and causal analyses, and to interpret primary sources. They will construct sound historical arguments and perspectives on which informed decisions in contemporary life can be based.

 

Learning Expectations:

 

Era 1 - Three Worlds Meet (Beginnings to 1620)

5.01 Identify the ancient civilizations of the Americas.

5.02 Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present and future.

5.03 Recognize major events, people, and patterns in Tennessee.

 

Era 2 - Colonization and Settlement (1585-1763)

5.04 Recognize the role desire for freedom played in the settlement of the New World.

5.05 Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present and future.

5.06 Identify major events, people, and patterns in Tennessee.

 

Era 3 -Revolution and the New Nation (1754-1820)

5.07 Identify the causes and results of the American Revolution.

5.08 Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present and future.

5.09 Recognize major events, people, and patterns in Tennessee.

 

Era 4 - Expansion and Reform (1801-1861)

5.10 Recognize American territorial expansions and its effects on relations with European powers and Native Americans.

5.11 Understand sectional differences brought on by the Western movement, expansion of slavery, and emerging industrialization.

5.12 Identify major events, people, and patterns in Tennessee.

 

Accomplishments

 

Era 1 - Three Worlds Meet (Beginnings to 1620)

4.5.01 Identify the ancient civilizations of the Americas.

a. Identify the ancient civilizations of the Americas at the time of European arrival.

b. Explain the cultures of the Western Hemisphere's native peoples prior to European contact.

4.5.02 Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present and future.

a. Demonstrate an ability to use correct vocabulary associated with time such as past, present, future, and long ago; read and construct simple timelines; identify examples of change; and recognize examples of cause and effect relationships.

b. Realize that geographic, technological, and scientific factors contributed to the European age of exploration and settlement in the Americas.

c. Describe the immediate and long-term impact of Columbus' voyages on Native populations and on colonization in the Americas.

d. List the characteristics of the Spanish and Portuguese exploration and settlement of the Americas.

4.5.03 Recognize major events, people, and patterns in Tennessee.

a. Identify Native American groups in Tennessee and the Western Hemisphere before European explorations.

b. Summarize reasons for European exploration and settlement of Tennessee and the Western Hemisphere.

c. Identify accomplishments of significant explorers and explain their impact on the settlement of Tennessee.

 

Era 2 - Colonization and Settlement (1585-1763)

4.5.04 Recognize the role that desire for freedom played in the settlement of the New World.

a. Discuss the search for religious, economic, and individual freedom in the settlement of the colonies.

b. Describe the lives of free and indentured immigrants who came from Europe to North America and the Caribbean.

4.5.05 Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present and future.

a. Compare and contrast different stories or accounts about past events, people, places, or situations, identifying how they contribute to our understanding of the past.

b. Detail the growth and change in the European colonies during the two centuries following their founding with an emphasis on New England and Virginia.

c. Explain the importance of the Mayflower Compact.

d. Understand the role of religion in the English colonies such as the evolution of religious freedom and the treatment of religious dissenters.

e. Explain when, where, and why groups of people colonized and settled in the

United States.

f. Explain the political, economic, and social impact of the slave trade in the

Americas.

4.5.06 Identify major events, people, and patterns in Tennessee.

a. Conduct a thorough study of the differing regions of Tennessee and their history.

b. Describe the effects of political, economic, and social changes on Native Americans in Tennessee.

c. Identify characteristics of early colonial governments in Tennessee.

 

Era 3 - Revolution and the New Nation (1754-1820)

4.5.07 Identify the causes and results of the American Revolution.

a. Explain the events that contributed to the outbreak of the American Revolution.

b. Study the Declaration of Independence, its major ideas, and its sources.

c. Describe the earliest armed conflict of the Revolutionary War.

d. Summarize the results of the American Revolution, including the establishment of the United States.

4.5.08 Understand the place of historical events in the context of past, present and future.

a. Demonstrate an understanding that people in different times and places view the world differently.

b. Explain the major political issues of the thirteen colonies after their independence that led to the creation of the Articles of Confederation.

c. Summarize the events that led to the creation of the United States Constitution.

4.5.09 Recognize major events, people, and patterns in Tennessee.

a. Focus on the creation of the state of Franklin and subsequent creation of the state of Tennessee.

b. Identify the accomplishments of notable Tennessee individuals such as William Blount, and John Sevier.

 

Era 4 - Expansion and Reform (1801-1861)

4.5.10 Recognize American territorial expansions and its effects on relations with European powers and Native Americans.

a. Give examples of maps, time lines, and charts that show western expansion.

b. Identify the factors that led to territorial expansion and its effects.

c. Identify the contributions of early pioneers such as Daniel Boone to the development of colonial America.

4.5.11 Understand sectional differences brought on by the Western movement, expansion of slavery, and emerging industrialization.

a. Identify changes in society resulting from the Industrial Revolution.

b. Explain how societal changes led to conflict among sections of the United States.

c. Explain the Louisiana Purchase.

d. Recognize the significance of the Lewis and Clark expedition.

e. Recognize the significance of the War of 1812.

f. Understand the impact of territorial expansion on Native American tribes.

4.5.12 Identify major events, people, and patterns in Tennessee.

a. Identify the impact of railroads on life in Tennessee including changes to cities and major industries.

b. Identify the impact of various issues and events on life in Tennessee such as urbanization.

c. Identify the accomplishments of notable Tennessee individuals such as Sam Houston, Andrew Jackson and James Polk.

 

Performance Indicators State:

As documented through state assessment -

 

At Level 1, the student is able to

4.5.spi.1. identify Native American groups in Tennessee before European explorations (i.e., Cherokee, Creek, Chickasaw).

4.5.spi.2. identify major Tennessee political leaders (i.e., Andrew Jackson, Sam

Houston, James Polk, Sequoyia, David Crockett, Nancy Ward).

 

At Level 2, the student is able to

4.5.spi.3. interpret a time line that depicts major historical pre-Civil War events.

4.5.spi.4. determine the hardships faced by early Tennessee settlers in the late

1700's (i.e., security, isolated communities, lack of access to goods, natural geography).

4.5.spi.5.determine the reasons for colonial settlement (i.e., religious, economic, individual freedom).

4.5.spi.6. examine the events that contributed to the outbreak of the American

Revolution (i.e. taxation, judicial process, lack of representations, quartering of troops).

4.5.spi.7. Determine why the United States Constitution was necessary (i.e., no single currency, no judicial branch, no enforcement of laws, small and large states having unequal representation).

4.5.spi.8. interpret a timeline, graph, or map depicting slave and indentured servants coming from Europe to life in North America.

4.5.spi.9. determine the influence Lewis and Clark's expedition had on westward expansion.

4.5.spi.10. recognize the accomplishments of John Sevier contributed to

Tennessee history (i.e., State of Franklin's one and only governor, Tennessee's first governor, United States Congressman, soldier).

 

At Level 3, the student is able to

4.5.spi.11. interpret a visual contrasting life before and after the American Revolution (i.e., education, family size, transportation, politics).

4.5.spi.12. Read and interpret a passage about the Trail of Tears.

4.5.spi.13. analyze how the Louisiana Purchase influenced the growth of the

United States (i.e., increased size, encouraged expansion, increased natural resources.)

 

Social Studies - Fifth Grade

History

Content Standard: 5.0

History involves people, events, and issues. Students will evaluate evidence to develop comparative and casual analyses, and to interpret primary sources. They will construct sound historical arguments and perspectives on which informed decisions in contemporary life can be based.

 

Learning Expectations:

 

Era 5 - Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877)

5.01 Understand the causes, course, and consequences of the Civil War.

5.02 Understand the plans and policies for Reconstruction and subsequent successes and failures.

 

Era 6 - The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900)

5.03 Understand the development of Industrial America.

5.04 Understand the acquisition of territory to the United States.

 

Era 7 - The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930)

5.05 Discuss how various groups addressed the problems of industrial capitalism, urbanization, and political corruption.

5.06 Understand the changing role of the United States in world affairs.

5.07 Understand the changing role of the United States between World War I and the Great Depression.

 

Era 8 - The Great Depression and World War II (1929-1945)

5.08 Understand society in America during the Great Depression.

5.09 Understand America's role during World War II.

 

Era 9 - Postwar United States (1945-1970's)

5.10 Understand the economic growth and social transformation of post WWII.

5.11 Understand how the Cold War influenced domestic and international politics.

5.12 Understand domestic policies in the post World War II period.

 

Era 10 - Contemporary United States (1968 to the present)

5.13 Understand developments in foreign policy and domestic policies between the Nixon and Clinton presidencies.

5.14 Understand economic, social, and cultural developments in the contemporary United States.

 

Accomplishments

 

Era 5 - Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877)

5.5.01 Understand the causes, course, and consequences of the Civil War.

a. Identify the locations of the southern and northern states.

b. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of northern and southern economic resources.

c. Identify similar and different northern and southern social and cultural customs.

d. Identify sectional interests that led to the Civil War.

e. Describe the role of Tennessee in the Civil War

f. Chart the course of major events throughout the Civil War.

5.5.02 Understand the plans and policies for Reconstruction and subsequent successes and failures.

a. Identify components of the various plans for Reconstruction.

b. Evaluate the successes and failures of Reconstruction plans.

c. Decide the reasons for successes and failures of the various plans.

d. Assess th4 lasting impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction.

 

Era 6 - The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900)

5.5.03 Understand the development of Industrial America.

a. Analyze the effects of immigration, migration, and resources on the economic development and growth of the United States.

b. Identify individual leaders of business and industry.

c. Explain how industry and mechanization changed ways of life in America and

Tennessee.

d. Understand the rise of the American labor movement.

5.5.04 Understand the acquisition of territory to the United States.

a. Describe how armed conflict, purchases, treaties, and land settlement resulted in further American expansion.

b. Assess the resistance of various groups to United States expansion.

c. Describe the people, lifestyles, and liberties in the American West.

d. Trace the growth and necessity of the Chinese in the American West.

 

Era 7 - The Emergence of Modern America (1890-1930)

5.5.05 Discuss how various groups addressed the problems of industrial capitalism, urbanization, and political corruption.

a. Identify various Progressive reform efforts and their leaders.

b. Explain how rural areas and urban centers changed as a result of immigration and migration.

5.5.06 Understand the changing role of the United States in world affairs.

a. Identify areas in the world where the United States participated in diplomatic affairs and armed conflict.

b. Explain the causes of the Spanish American War and World War I.

c. Identify contributions of Tennessee natives such as Alvin York and Ida B. Wells.

5.5.07 Understand the changing role of the United States between World War I and the Great Depression.

a. Explain how American life changed dramatically due to the economy, technology, and ecological disasters.

b. Describe American life in the 1920's including the impact of Constitutional amendments.

c. Explain the significance of the Harlem Renaissance.

d. Explain Tennessee's role in the women's suffrage movement.

 

Era 8 - The Great Depression and World War II (1929-1945)

5.5.08 Understand society in America during the Great Depression.

a. Explain the events that led to the Great Depression.

b. Describe how the Great Depression affected American society as a whole.

c. Explain how Americans addressed the social and economic problems brought on by the Great Depression.

d. Describe how the Tennessee Valley Authority impacted life in Tennessee.

5.5.09 Understand America's role during World War II.

a. Describe the political and economic events that led to World War II.

b. Identify the significance of Pearl Harbor, D-Day, and Hiroshima.

c. Identify Tennessee's involvement and the contributions of Tennessee natives such as Cordell Hull to the war effort.

d. Explain the political and economic effects of World War II on Europe and the United States.

e. Explain the social effects of World War II on American life.

f. Describe Japanese American internment and its conflict with American ideals.

 

Era 9 - Postwar United States (1945-1970's)

5.5.10 Understand the economic growth and social transformation of post WWII.

a. Explain how the American economy changed after World War II.

b. Describe the influences of World War II on American society.

5.5.11 Understand how the Cold War influenced domestic and international politics.

a. Describe the role United Nations in international affairs.

b. Explain United States' involvement in Korea and Vietnam.

c. Describe the Soviet and American relationship during the Cold War.

5.5.12 understand domestic policies in the post World War II period.

a. Identify major political events of the presidential administrations during the Cold War.

b. Explain why the United States became involved in the space race.

c. Describe the struggle for racial and gender equality.

d. Explain Brown V. Board of Education and its importance of to the Civil Rights Movement.

e. Explain the contributions of Civil Rights leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr. and Caesar Chavez.

f. Describe Tennessee's involvement during the Civil Rights movement.

 

Era 10 - Contemporary United States (1968 to the present)

5.5.13 Understand developments in foreign policy and domestic policies between the Nixon and Clinton presidencies.

a. Explain how Watergate impacted the Nixon administration and Americans.

b. Describe the changing relationships between the United States and foreign countries.

c. Explain the significance of the Iran crisis.

d. Describe political and geographic changes in Europe following the fall of the Soviet Union.

e. Describe the growing impact of the media on public opinion.

5.5.14 Understand economic, social, and cultural developments in the contemporary

United States.

a. Explain the effect of the computer on contemporary life in America.

b. Describe global environmental issues.

c. Describe the contributions of Tennesseeans to the arts.

 

Performance Indicators State:

 

As documented through state assessment -

 

at Level 1, the student is able to

5.5.spi.1. interpret sectional differences in the North and South in pre-Civil War

(i.e., a map of Union, Confederate, and border-states, pictorial representations of crop production, reading timelines, and interpreting bar graphs showing human, natural, and manmade resources).

5.5.spi.2. recognize military and nonmilitary leaders from the North and South during Civil War (i.e., Frederick Douglass, Clara Barton, Chief Justice Roger Taney, Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, and Jefferson Davis).

 

at Level 2, the student is able to

5.5.spi.3. interpret timelines that depict major historical post-Civil War events.

5.5.spi.4. recognize the rights that workers fought for in the late 1800's (i.e., wages, hours, insurance, and working conditions).

5.5.spi.5. interpret a visual contrasting life before and after Word War II (i.e., education, family size, transportation, urbanization, and the role of women).

5.5.spi.6. determine the hardships encountered by Greater Plain settlers in the late

1800's (i.e., building materials, natural geography, climatic conditions, isolated communities, lack of revenue).

 

at Level 3, the student is able to

5.5.spi.7. interpret a primary reading sample.

5.5.spi.8. recognize examples of how the how the United States confronted Civil Rights issues, (i.e., Brown v. Board of Education, Montgomery Bus Boycott, Birmingham Civil Rights march, American Indian Movement (AIM) Civil Rights Act of 1964).


Resource: Kindergarten Social Studies Standards for Tennessee
Resource: First Grade Social Studies Standards for Tennessee
Resource: Second Grade Social Studies Standards for Tennessee
Resource: Third Grade Social Studies Standards for Tennessee
Resource: Fourth Grade Social Studies Standards for Tennessee
Resource: Fifth Grade Social Studies Standards for Tennessee

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