Disaster Preparedness

Emergency Preparedness: Supplies For Disasters
All Americans should have some basic supplies on hand in order to survive for at least three days if an emergency occurs. Following is a listing of some basic items that every emergency supply kit should include. However, it is important that individuals review this list and consider where they live and the unique needs of their family in order to create an emergency supply kit that will meet these needs. Individuals should also consider having at least two emergency supply kits, one full kit at home and smaller portable kits in their workplace, vehicle or any other place where they spend a great deal of time.

Recommended Items To Include In A Basic Emergency Supply Kit
  • Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation. Household chlorine bleach and medicine dropper – When diluted nine parts water to one part bleach, bleach can be used as a disinfectant. Or in an emergency, you can use it to treat water by using 16 drops of regular household liquid bleach per gallon of water. Do not use scented, color safe or bleaches with added cleaners.
  • Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food Select foods that require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking and little or no water. Pack a manual can opener and eating utensils. Suggestions: Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits and vegetables; Protein or fruit bars; Dry cereal or granola; Peanut butter; Dried fruit; Nuts; Crackers; Canned juices; Non-perishable pasteurized milk; High energy foods; Vitamins
  • Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • First aid kit (Suggestions for kit)
    • Two pairs of Latex or other sterile gloves
    • Sterile dressings to stop bleeding
    • Cleansing agent/soap and/or antibiotic towelettes to disinfect
    • Antibiotic ointment to prevent infection
    • Burn ointment to prevent infection
    • Adhesive bandages in a variety of sizes
    • Eye wash solution to flush the eyes or as general decontaminant
    • Thermometer
    • Scissors
    • Tweezers
    • Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant,
    • Prescription medications you take every day & Prescribed medical supplies
    • Non-prescription drugs, Aspirin or nonaspirin pain reliever, Anti-diarrhea medication, Antacid (for upset stomach) & Laxative
  • Cell Phone
  • Whistle to signal for help
  • Dust mask, to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to create a shelter-in-place
  • Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation
  • Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
  • Local maps
Additional Items To Consider Adding To An Emergency Supply Kit
  • Pet food and extra water for your pet
  • Special items for babies
  • Special items for adults - prescription medications, Denture needs, Contact lenses and supplies, extra eye glasses
  • Special items for senior adults - prescription medications including a list with name & dosage in your supply kits. Include any allergies, Extra eyeglasses and hearing-aid batteries, Extra wheelchair batteries or other special equipment in your supply kit, a list of the style and serial numbers of medical devices such as pacemakers in your emergency supply kits, Copies of medical insurance and Medicare cards, and List of doctors and emergency contacts.
  • Important family documents such as copies of insurance policies, identification and bank account records in a waterproof, portable container.
  • Cash or travelers checks and change
  • Gas for vehicle
  • Sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person.
  • Complete change of clothing including a long sleeved shirt, long pants and sturdy shoes
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Matches in a waterproof container - Feminine supplies and personal hygiene items
  • Mess kits, paper cups, plates and plastic utensils, paper towels
  • Paper and pencil
  • Books, games, puzzles or other activities for children
  • Extra Keys
Recommended Supplies To Include In A Portable Kit
  • Water, amounts for portable kits will vary. Individuals should determine what amount they are able to both store comfortably outside the home and be able to transport to other locations
  • Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food
  • Battery-powered radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert, and extra batteries for both
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • First Aid kit
  • Whistle to signal for help
  • Dust mask or cotton t-shirt, to help filter the air
  • Moist towelettes for sanitation
  • Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
  • Can opener for food (if kit contains canned food)
  • Plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place
  • Unique family needs, such as daily prescription medications, infant formula or diapers, and important family documents
  • Garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation
  • Cash (with some small bills) - Banks and ATMs may not be open or available for extended periods.
Additional Information