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Junagadh, Junagadh Information, Junagadh Tour


Junagadh was the capital of the Junagadh state under the Muslim rulers of Babi Nawabs. In Gujarati, "Junagadh" means an ancient fort. The word "Junagadh" is made up of two words, Juna and Garh where Juna means old and Garh means a fort. The town of Junagadh takes its name from the fort that enclosed the medieval town. Junagadh is situated in the Saurashtra region at the foothills of the sacred hill, the Mount Girnar and occupies a special place in the history of Gujarat. The town of Junagadh is beautiful with very wide streets, arches, shopping arcades and cool gardens. Its splendour is more like an English factory city rather than a city in the remote corner of Gujarat. The 14 rock edicts 257-56 BC of the great Emperor Ashoka, inscription by King Rudradaman (150 AD) and Skandagupta (456 AD) are the proof of importance of Junagadh from the ancient times.

Junagadh, Junagadh Tour

This city was home to one of the great poets of India,

Narsinh Mehta.

Various ancient temples,






History of Junagadh
The history of Junagadh is chequered by the rule of the Mauryans, Kashatrapas, Guptas, Vallabhas, Chaudasamas, Gujarat Sultans and Babi Nawab. In the earlier periods, Junagadh was under the influence of four major religions mainly, Hindu, Buddhist, Jain and Muslims. Both political powers and religious influences enriched the culture and created fantastic edifices leaving their mark on the architecture of Junagadh. The Babi ruler of Junagadh, Nawab Mahobat Khan II (1851-82 AD) beautified Junagadh and patronized the construction of several buildings and urban design projects like Aina Mahal, Circle Chowk with clock tower and Dewan Chowk. Some of the other buildings of the Nawabi period are the Bahauddin College, Manoranjan Guest House, Mahobat Madresa (Narsi Vidya Mandir) and the maqbaras (mausoleums) of the royal family. All the architectural elements are highly decorative and reminds one, of the last phase of architecture of Lucknow.

Junagadh Tourist Attraction

Tourist attraction in Junagadh
The most important tourist attraction in Junagadh is the remarkable Uparkot Fort (Upper Fort). Over the centuries, enemies had laid siege to this fort but it remained impregnable. The walls of the fort are as high as 70 feet. Some Buddhist caves are also situated in Junagadh which show that there might have been a monastery here before its regal history began. Another attraction in Junagadh are the 14 rock edicts (257- 56 BC) of the great emperor Ashoka which are inscribed on a huge stone in Pali script. His 14 edicts in Pali are exhortations to virtue and assurances that he, “the Beloved of the Gods”, is looking after all his subjects. Other important place in Junagadh is the Mount Girnar. Mount Girnar is one of the hills which is most sacred to the Jain community. One of the largest and the oldest, 12th century temple dedicated to Neminath is situated on this hill. Besides this, the Bhavnath temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and the temple of Amba Mata are also situated on this hill.