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invictus analysis

 
 Invicuts 3rd Draft
 
    Invictus, meaning unconquerable in Latin, is the ideal word to express the overall meaning of William Henley's poem. Whether stated directly or through metaphors and other cognitive devices, Henley conveyed his story of struggle and how he was brave and 'unconquerable' throughout this poem. He also used an ABAB rhyme scheme, and other types of figurative language to effect the sound and meaning of this famous piece of literature.
      Henley actually wrote this poem after he went through a very painful and difficult situation. When he was young, Henley was diagnosed with tuberculosis of the bone, which is an infection that can affect almost any part of the body (George Shiffman). In Henley's case, this disease caused him to undergo an amputation of his leg below the knee. This amputation was said to be very painful, because aesthetics were not used in the procedure. When Henley was told that another operation would have to be done on his other leg, he decided to enlist in the help of another doctor named Joseph Lister. After being under Lister's care, Henley was able to keep his other leg and put his disease to rest for 30 years. ("William Ernest Henley 1849-1903"). This experience ,along with an impoverished childhood, motivated Henley to write invictus and played a major role in the theme and tone of the poem. Signs of Henley being in pain from his disease, but not giving up, are evident throughout this composition.
     The speaker began invictus by using personification to portray that he was in a time of suffering but still undefeated. He stated that the night covered him, which gave night a human characteristc and stood for something more. The night that covered the speaker stood for the despondent time that he was in. 'Black as the pit from pole to pole' was also a simile that stood for the pit or hole of misery in which the speaker felt trapped.  However, the last sentence of this stanza 'I thank whatever Gods may be For my unconquerable soul'  showed that even though he was suffering, the speaker was still unconquered.
    In the next two stanzas the speaker showed his courage and will to survive. He directly stated 'In the fell clutch of circumstance, I have not winced nor cried aloud'  meaning that even though he was in a tough situation, he didn't express his misery. This and the line after it also used alliteration to effect the sound of the poem. He then showed, like the first stanza, that although he had enormous discomfort(my head is bloody), the speaker did not give up and continued to endure through his struggles in life. After this stanza, the speaker once more showed his bravery and undaunted attitude by stating he was unafraid of death. The 'horror of the shade' may literally mean a shadow or shade, but I feel it is a connotation meaning death. Then he directly stated 'finds, and shall find, me unafraid.'
    Finally, in Henley's last stanza he wrote ' it matters not how straight the gate, how charged with punishments the scroll, I am the master of my fate: the captain of my soul.' Henley wanted to portray that the speaker didn't care about what was to come in life and what consequences he would have to face.  For he was in charge of his life and could decide what he wanted to make of it.
    Henley conveyed in Invictus that it is always possible to prevail through misery and anguish in life. I feel this poem represented Henley's life story because although he was faced with unfortunate challenges, Henley overcame them and persevered, being the controller of his fate. Even though life threw him difficulties, Henley never gave up and ended up living a life of happiness. With Invictus, Henley demonstrated the perfect message of determination, bravery, and a will to survive.     
 
 
 works sited

"William Ernest Henley(1849-1903)." Brought to Life. 2004. Science Museum. February 24, 2010. http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/people/williamernesthenley.aspx

Shiffman, George. "Tuberculosis." MedicineNet.com. Stoppler, Mellisa. 1996-2010. Medicine Net. February 24,2010 http://www.medicinenet.com/tuberculosis/article.htm
 
 
 
 
Invictus 2nd Draft
 
    Invictus, meaning unconquerable in Latin, is the ideal word to express the overall meaning of William Henley's poem. Whether stated directly or through metaphors and other cognitive devices, Henley conveyed his story of struggle and how he was brave and 'unconquerable' throughout this poem.( Sentence could be better) He also used an ABAB rhyme scheme, and other types of figurative language to effect the sound and meaning of the poem.( Poem is used to much)
      Henley actually wrote this poem after he went through a very painful and difficult situation. When he was young, Henley was diagnosed with tuberculosis of the bone, which is an infection that can affect almost any part of the body (George Shiffman). In Henley's case, this disease caused him to undergo an amputation of the leg below the knee. This amputation was said to be very painful, because he did not use aesthetics. When Henley was told that another operation would have to be done on his other leg, he decided to enlist in the help of another doctor named Joseph Lister. After being under Lister's care, Henley was able to keep his other leg and put his disease to rest for 30 years. ("William Ernest Henley 1849-1903"). This experience ,along with an impoverished childhood, motivated Henley to write invictus and played a major role in the theme and tone of the poem. Signs of Henley being in pain from his disease, but not giving up, are evident throughout the poem.( poem used to much again)
     The speaker began invictus by using personification to portray that he was in a time of suffering but still undefeated. He stated that the night covered him, which gave night a human characteristic and ,more importantly, stood for something more. The night that covered the speaker stood for the despondent time that he was in. 'Black as the pit from pole to pole' was also a simile that stood for the pit or hole of misery in which the speaker felt trapped.  However, the last sentence of this stanza 'I thank whatever Gods may be For my unconquerable soul'  showed that even though he was suffering, the speaker was still unconquered.
    In the next two stanzas the speaker showed his courage and will to survive. He directly stated 'In the fell clutch of circumstance, I have not winced nor cried aloud'  meaning that even though he was in a tough situation, he didn't express his misery. This and the line after it also used alliteration to effect the sound of the poem. He then showed, like the first stanza, that although he had enormous discomfort(my head is bloody), the speaker did not give up and continued to endure through his struggles in life. After this stanza, the speaker once more showed his bravery and undaunted attitude by stating he was unafraid of death. The 'horror of the shade' may literally mean a shadow or shade, but I feel it is a connotation meaning death. Then he directly stated 'finds ,and shall find, me unafraid.'
    Finally, in Henley's last stanza he wrote ' it matters not how straight the gate, how charged with punishments the scroll, I am the master of my fate: the captain of my soul.' Henley wanted to portray that the speaker didn't care about what was to come in life and what consequences he would have to face.  For he was in charge of his life and could decide what he wanted to make of it.
    Henley conveyed in Invictus that it is always possible to prevail through misery and anguish in life. I feel this poem represented Henley's life story because although he was faced with unfortunate challenges, Henley overcame them and persevered, being the controller of his fate. Even though life threw him difficulties, Henley never gave up and ended up living a life of happiness. With Invictus, Henley demonstrated the perfect message of determination, bravery, and a will to survive.     
 
 
 works sited

"William Ernest Henley(1849-1903)." Brought to Life. 2004. Science Museum. February 24, 2010. http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/people/williamernesthenley.aspx

Shiffman, George. "Tuberculosis." MedicineNet.com. Stoppler, Mellisa. 1996-2010. Medicine Net. February 24,2010 http://www.medicinenet.com/tuberculosis/article.htm

Invictus 1st Draft

Invictus peer edited
 
    Invictus, meaning unconquerable in Latin, is the ideal word to express the overall meaning of William Henley's poem. Whether stated directly or through metaphors and connotative devices, Henley conveys his story of struggle and how he was brave and 'unconquerable' throughout this poem.
      Henley actually wrote this poem after he went through a very painful and difficult situation. When he was young Henley was diagnosed with tuberculosis of the bone which is an infection that can affect almost any part of the body according to (citation) . In Henley's case, this disease caused him to undergo an amputation of the leg below the knee. This amputation was said to be very painful, because he did not use aesthetics. When Henley was told that another operation would have to be done on his other leg, he decided to travel to Edinburgh and research more on his condition. There, he found a doctor named Joseph Lister who cared for him for more than twenty months. After his time in Lister's care, Henley ended up keeping his other leg and putting his disease to sleep(Citation http://courses.wcupa.edu/fletcher/henley/hosp.htm). This experience motivated Henley to write invictus and played a major role in the poem. Signs of Henley being in pain from his disease but not giving up are evident throughout the poem.
     The speaker began invictus by using a metaphor to portray that he was in a time of suffering but still undefeated. The night that covered the speaker was a metaphor for the suffering that he was going through and the black that stretched from pole to pole represented howthe speaker was in a hole of darkness and greif. However, the last sentence of this stanza 'I thank whatever Gods may be For my unconquerable soul'  showed that even though he was suffering, the speaker was still unconquered. Henley did go through a time of suffring but did not give up and this is why I feel he and the speaker are the same person. 
    In the next two stanzas the speaker showed his courage and will to survive. He directly stated 'In the fell clutch of circumstance, I have not winced nor cried aloud'  meaning that even though he was in a tough situation, he didn't express his misery. He next(maybe use then instead of next) showed, like the fist stanza, that although he has had enourmous discomfort(my head is bloody), he did not give up and continued to endure through his struggles in life. After this stanza, the speaker once more showed his bravery and undaunted attitude by saying he was unafraid of death. I know this because shade is a metaphor for death and he directly stated 'finds and will find me unafraid'.
    Finally in Henley's last stanza he wrote ' it matters not how strate the gate, how charged with punishments the scroll, I am the master of my fate: the captain of my soul.' Henley wanted to portray that the speaker didn't care about what was to come in life and what consequences he would have to face.  For he was in charge of his life and could decide what he wanted to make of life.    
 
 
 
 great!!!

Pin points:
-explain the rhyme scheme
-your own thoughts before you found out about his tuberculosis
-what is the title's significance?
-Who wrote the poem?
-are poems in italics or quotations?
-make sure all font is identical
-Where is Edinburgh?
-no URLS(or website names) in essay!!!
-ask for need of bibliography 

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