Research Projects

My primary research agenda is in international norm dynamics and the politics of peace settlements.  Other research interests include international symbolic sanctions, the termination of interstate wars, and change in international norms and institutions.  I am also interested in research design and methodology, in particular issues of the interpretation of data, both qualitative and quantitative.

My dissertation asks why states refuse to recognize the spoils of war.  I conducted archival research into US and UK decision-makers’ reasoning behind their policy towards the validity of the results of the use of force in three cases; the Japanese conquest of Manchuria in 1931-33, the Indian invasion of East Pakistan in 1971, and the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974. The cases reveal that nonrecognition was aimed at maintaining the rule against aggression by re-establishing the joint commitment of all states to the rule. I elucidate a model of rule-maintenance that combines insights from rationalist scholarship on common knowledge and coordination games with constructivist ideas about norm dynamics.

Symbolic Sanctions and Rule Maintenance


"The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations: The View From Graduate School," Qualitative & Multi-Method Research, 8 (Spring) 2010, (with David E. Banks). 

"External Kin, Economic Disparity, and Minority Ethnic Group Mobilization," Conflict Management & Peace Science, Forthcoming. (with Enze Han and Christopher Paik)
"British Colonialism and the Criminalization of Homosexuality," Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Forthcoming. (With Enze Han)