Journal of Physical Therapy (JPT) is an International peer-reviewed open-access quarterly journal
dedicated towards publishing research articles in the field of but not
limited to Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation. Authors are
encouraged to submit their research reports which are original
information and are not yet reported at length elsewhere. The Journal is currently covered (both abstracted, and full-text indexed) by Index Copernicus International database.
Authors who wish to submit manuscripts (prepared according to the following instructions to authors) for publication in JPT should compulsarily email the chief editor(s) through senthil.kumar(at)manipal.edu and editor.jphysther(at)gmail.com
Information for Author(s):
must be prepared in accordance with "Uniform requirements for
Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journal" developed by international
committee of medical Journal Editors.
Submission of manuscript:
o Authors should submit electronic version (Microsoft word doc) of the manuscript via e-mail
o Accepted papers will be acknowledged and processed further, if the
papers are rejected, the decision will be communicated to the
o Acceptance or rejection of the manuscript would be decided after the decision of editorial team.
o Acceptance or rejection of the manuscript for publication in journal would be informed to corresponding author at the earliest.
Preparing a Manuscript:
o Authors should keep their manuscripts as short as they reasonably can (the total number of words should not exceed 3200).
o Page number should appear in the upper right hand corner of each page, beginning with the title page.
o The language of manuscript must be simple and explicit.
Author’s / Co-author’s name or any other identification should not
appear anywhere in the body of the manuscript to facilitate blind
We accept manuscript under following categories:
o Original Research Articles
o Case reports
o Invited Commentary
o Short communications
o Letter to Editor
Original Research Articles:
It should be arranged into the following sections:
The title page should have the following information:
must be concise and should include information that will make
electronic retrieval of the article both sensitive and specific.
Authors and affiliations:
names of authors and their appropriate addresses should be given. It
should be made clear which address relates to which author.
Contact information for corresponding authors:
name, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of
the author responsible for correspondence about the manuscript (the
“corresponding author;” this author may or may not be the “guarantor”
for the integrity of the study). The corresponding author should
indicate clearly whether his or her e-mail address can be published.
Source(s) of support:
Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these.
is a short title typed in the journal at the right top corner of right
hand page of the article (except the lead page). A short running title
of not more than 40 characters (including letters and spaces) should be
Conflict of Interest Notification Page
prevent potential conflicts of interest from being overlooked or
misplaced, this information needs to be part of the manuscript. The
ICMJE has developed a uniform disclosure form for use by ICMJE member
Abstract and key words
must start on a new page carrying the following information: (a) Title
(without author’s names or affiliations), (b) Abstract body, (c) Key
words, (d) Running title. It should not exceed 250 words excluding the
title and the key words. The abstract must be concise, clear and
informative rather than indicative. New and important aspects must be
abstract must be in a structured form consisting of context or
background for the study, objectives, methods (selection of study
subjects or laboratory animals, observational and analytical methods),
results (giving specific effect sizes and their statistical
significance, if possible) and conclusions. Authors should state the
main conclusions clearly and not in vague statements. The conclusions
and recommendations not found in the text of the article should not be
given in the abstract. Articles on clinical trials should contain
abstracts that include the items that the CONSORT group has identified
as essential (http://www.consort-statement.org/? =1190). Clinical trial
registration number should be mentioned at the end of the abstract.
Whenever a registration number is available, Authors should list that
number the first time they use a trial acronym to refer to either the
trial they are reporting or to other trials that they mention in the
3-5 keywords which will help readers or indexing agencies in
cross-indexing the study. The words found in title need not be given as
should start on a new page. Essentially this section must introduce the
subject and briefly say how the idea for research originated. Provide a
context or background for the study (that is, the nature of the problem
and its significance). State the specific purpose or research objective
of, or hypothesis tested by, the study or observation; the research
objective is often more sharply focused when stated as a question. Both
the main and secondary objectives should be clear, and any prespecified
subgroup analyses should be described. Provide only directly pertinent
references, and do not include data or conclusions from the work being
Material and Methods
section should deal with the materials used and the methodology - how
the work was carried out. The procedure adopted should be described in
sufficient detail to allow the study to be interpreted and repeated by
the readers, if necessary. This section should include only information
that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was
being written; all information obtained during the study belongs in the
Selection and Description of Participants
your selection of the observational or experimental participants
(patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly, including
eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source
population. Because the relevance of such variables as age and sex to
the object of research is not always clear, authors should explain their
use when they are included in a study report—for example, authors
should explain why only participants of certain ages were included or
why women were excluded. The guiding principle should be clarity about
how and why a study was done in a particular way. When authors use such
variables as race or ethnicity, they should define how they measured
these variables and justify their relevance.
the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer’s name and address in
parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow others to
reproduce the results. Give references to established methods, including
statistical methods (see below); provide references and brief
descriptions for methods that have been published but are not
well-known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give the
reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify
precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s),
dose(s), and route(s) of administration.
statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader
with access to the original data to verify the reported results. When
possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators
of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals).
Avoid relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as P
values, which fail to convey important information about effect size.
References for the design of the study and statistical methods should be
to standard works when possible (with pages stated). Define statistical
terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Specify the computer software
your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and
illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. Do not
repeat all the data in the tables or illustrations in the text;
emphasize or summarize only the most important observations. Extra or
supplementary materials and technical detail can be placed in an
appendix where they will be accessible but will not interrupt the flow
of the text, or they can be published solely in the electronic version
of the journal.
data are summarized in the Results section, give numeric results not
only as derivatives (for example, percentages) but also as the absolute
numbers from which the derivatives were calculated, and specify the
statistical methods used to analyze them. Restrict tables and figures to
those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess
supporting data. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many
entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid nontechnical
uses of technical terms in statistics, such as “random” (which implies a
randomizing device), “normal,” “significant,” “correlations,” and
Where scientifically appropriate, analyses of the data by such variables as age and sex should be included.
section should deal with the interpretation, rather than recapitulation
of results. For experimental studies, it is useful to begin the
discussion by briefly summarizing the main findings, then explore
possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and
contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations
of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future
research and for clinical practice.
the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified
statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data. In
particular, avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs
unless the manuscript includes the appropriate economic data and
analyses. Avoid claiming priority or alluding to work that has not been
completed. State new hypotheses when warranted, but label them clearly
should be typed in a new page. Acknowledge only persons who have
contributed to the scientific content or provided technical support.
Sources of financial support should be mentioned.
should begin on a new page. Avoid citing abstracts as references.
Papers which have been submitted and accepted but not yet published may
be included in the list of references with the name of the journal and
indicated as “Forth coming”. A photocopy of the acceptance letter should
be submitted with the manuscript. Information from manuscript
“submitted” but “not yet accepted” should not be included. Avoid using
abstracts as references. The “unpublished observations” and “personal
communications” may not be used as references but may be inserted (in
parentheses) in the text. References are to be cited in the text by
superscribed number and should be in the order in which they appear (after the punctuation).
References cited only in tables or in legends to figures should be
numbered in accordance with a sequence established by the first
identification in the text of the particular table or illustration. The
references must be verified by the author(s) against the original
documents. The list of references should be typed double spaced
following the Vancouver style.
General Considerations Related to References
references to review articles can be an efficient way to guide readers
to a body of literature, review articles do not always reflect original
work accurately. Readers should therefore be provided with direct
references to original research sources whenever possible. Avoid using
abstracts as references. References to papers accepted but not yet
published should be designated as “in press” or “forthcoming”; authors
should obtain written permission to cite such papers as well as
verification that they have been accepted for publication. Information
from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text
as “unpublished observations” with written permission from the source.
citing a “personal communication” unless it provides essential
information not available from a public source, in which case the name
of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses
in the text. For scientific articles, obtain written permission and
confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication.
but not all journals check the accuracy of all reference citations;
thus, citation errors sometimes appear in the published version of
articles. To minimize such errors, references should be verified using
either an electronic bibliographic source, such as PubMed or print
copies from original sources. Authors are responsible for checking that
none of the references cite retracted articles except in the context of
referring to the retraction. For articles published in journals indexed
in MEDLINE, the ICMJE considers PubMed the authoritative source for
information about retractions. Authors can identify retracted articles
in MEDLINE by using the following search term, where pt in square
brackets stands for publication type: Retracted publication [pt] in
Reference Style and Format
may also consult sample references
(http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html) , a list of
examples extracted from or based on Citing Medicine for easy use by the
ICMJE audience; these sample references are maintained by NLM.
should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first
mentioned in the text. Identify references in text, tables, and legends
by by superscribed Arabic numerals. References cited only in tables or
figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence
established by the first identification in the text of the particular
table or figure. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according
to the style used in the list of Journals Indexed for MEDLINE, posted by
the NLM on the Library's Web site. The list of references should be
typed double spaced following the Vancouver style.
table must be self-explanatory and presented in such a way that they
are easily understandable without referring to the text. Type or print
each table with double-spacing on a separate sheet of paper. Number
tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text
and supply a brief title for each. Do not use internal horizontal or
vertical lines. Give each column a short or an abbreviated heading.
Authors should place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the
heading. Explain all nonstandard abbreviations in footnotes, and use the
following symbols, in sequence:
*, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡, §§, ||||, ¶¶, etc.
Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean.
Be sure that each table is cited in the text.
If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge that source fully.
tables containing backup data too extensive to publish in print may be
appropriate for publication in the electronic version of the journal,
deposited with an archival service, or made available to readers
directly by the authors. An appropriate statement should be added to the
text to inform readers that this additional information is available
and where it is located. Submit such tables for consideration with the
paper so that they will be available to the peer reviewers.
should be either professionally drawn and photographed, or submitted as
electronic files of figures in a format ( JPEG or GIF) authors should
review the images of such files on a computer screen before submitting
them to be sure they meet their own quality standards.
x-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images, as well as pictures of
pathology specimens or photomicrographs, send sharp, glossy,
black-and-white or color photographic prints, usually 127 x 173 mm (5 x 7
inches). Letters, numbers, and symbols on figures should therefore be
clear and consistent throughout, and large enough to remain legible when
the figure is reduced for publication. Figures should be made as
self-explanatory as possible, since many will be used directly in slide
presentations. Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends
not on the illustrations themselves.
should have internal scale markers. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in
photomicrographs should contrast with the background.
Photographs of potentially identifiable people must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph.
should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they
have been cited in the text. If a figure has been published previously,
acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the
copyright holder to reproduce the figure. Permission is required
irrespective of authorship or publisher except for documents in the
Legends for Figures (Illustrations)
or print out legends for illustrations using double spacing, starting
on a separate page, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the
illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to
identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one
clearly in the legend. Explain the internal scale and identify the
method of staining in photomicrographs.
Units of Measurement
of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric
units (meter, kilogram, or liter) or their decimal multiples.
Temperatures should be in degrees Celsius. Blood pressures should be in
millimeters of mercury. Authors should report laboratory information in
both local and International System of Units (SI). Drug concentrations
may be reported in either SI or mass units, but the alternative should
be provided in parentheses where appropriate.
Abbreviations and Symbols
only standard abbreviations; use of nonstandard abbreviations can be
confusing to readers. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the
manuscript. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in
parenthesis should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a
standard unit of measurement.
JPT endorses the PRISMA statement (http://www.prisma-statement.org).
Authors submitting systematic reviews are required to follow these
guidelines, include a flow diagram within the manuscript, and submit the
report describes the overall management of an unusual case or a
condition that is infrequently encountered in practice or poorly
described in the literature. The entire care of the patient "from start
to finish" is described, with no one aspect of care receiving greater
are highly scholarly papers expounding on a specific clinical approach
to patient care (on either a theoretical or practical basis) or
addressing professional issues in Health care, and related areas.
Perspectives contain new ideas, interpretations, and opinions and are
intended to inform and advance practice in important ways. Perspectives
can address translational research. Perspectives are one of the most
highly cited manuscript types. Typically, these manuscripts are written
by leaders in the field who set forth future directions.
suggestions should be submitted to the editor, include a detailed
definition of the topic and a suggestion of at least two possible
authors to write the commentary. Offers to write a commentary are also
accepted. If you wish to write a commentary, please contact the editor
manuscript should not be divided into sub-sections. It may have up to
1200 words (including a maximum of 5 references) and one figure or one
Letters to the Editor
JPT Letters to the Editor provide timely, thoughtful dialogue on issues of
concern to the Health profession, to related disciplines, to the health
care delivery system, to patients, and to all members of society who are
interested in health and well-being.
Please note that you need Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the .pdf files. You can get a free version of the software here below;
This page created:
10th March 2010; last modified: 14th May 2013.
Any comments, queries or suggestions related to this
page or this website may be directed to the site webmaster below:
Founding Chief editor- Journal of Physical
Dept of Physiotherapy,
Medical College (Manipal University),
Mangalore- 575001, India.