Instructions for authors

Journal of Physical Therapy (JPT) is an International peer-reviewed open-access quarterly journal dedicated towards publishing research articles in the field of but not limited to Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation. Authors are encouraged to submit their research reports which are original information and are not yet reported at length elsewhere. The Journal is currently covered (both abstracted, and full-text indexed) by Index Copernicus International database.

Authors who wish to submit manuscripts (prepared according to the following instructions to authors) for publication in JPT should compulsarily email the chief editor(s) for manuscript submission through the following e-mail ids:

Please note that Journal of Physical Therapy (JPT) is the only "free-for-author" and "free-for-reader" open-access journal in the world, and hence your valuable scientific information has the unlimited and unrestricted scope for dissemination and development. 

Information for Author(s):

Manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with "Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journal" developed by international committee of medical Journal Editors.

Submission of manuscript:
o Authors should submit electronic version (Microsoft word doc) of the manuscript via e-mail
o Accepted papers will be acknowledged and processed further, if the papers are rejected, the decision will be communicated to the corresponding author.
o Acceptance or rejection of the manuscript would be decided after the decision of editorial team.
o Acceptance or rejection of the manuscript for publication in journal would be informed to corresponding author at the earliest.
    Preparing a Manuscript:
o Authors should keep their manuscripts as short as they reasonably can (the total number of words should not exceed 3200).
o Page number should appear in the upper right hand corner of each page, beginning with the title page.
o The language of manuscript must be simple and explicit.
o Author’s / Co-author’s name or any other identification should not appear anywhere in the body of the manuscript to facilitate blind review.

We accept manuscript under following categories:
o Original Research Articles
o Review
o Case reports
o Perspectives
o Invited Commentary
o Short communications
o Letter to Editor

Original Research Articles:
It should be arranged into the following sections:

Title page
The title page should have the following information:

Title must be concise and should include information that will make electronic retrieval of the article both sensitive and specific.

Authors and affiliations:
The names of authors and their appropriate addresses should be given. It should be made clear which address relates to which author.

If any

Contact information for corresponding authors:
The name, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the author responsible for correspondence about the manuscript (the “corresponding author;” this author may or may not be the “guarantor” for the integrity of the study). The corresponding author should indicate clearly whether his or her e-mail address can be published.

Source(s) of support:
Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these.

Running title:
It is a short title typed in the journal at the right top corner of right hand page of the article (except the lead page). A short running title of not more than 40 characters (including letters and spaces) should be given.

Conflict of Interest Notification Page
To prevent potential conflicts of interest from being overlooked or misplaced, this information needs to be part of the manuscript. The ICMJE has developed a uniform disclosure form for use by ICMJE member journals (

Abstract and key words

It must start on a new page carrying the following information: (a) Title (without author’s names or affiliations), (b) Abstract body, (c) Key words, (d) Running title. It should not exceed 250 words excluding the title and the key words. The abstract must be concise, clear and informative rather than indicative. New and important aspects must be emphasized.
The abstract must be in a structured form consisting of context or background for the study, objectives, methods (selection of study subjects or laboratory animals, observational and analytical methods), results (giving specific effect sizes and their statistical significance, if possible) and conclusions. Authors should state the main conclusions clearly and not in vague statements. The conclusions and recommendations not found in the text of the article should not be given in the abstract. Articles on clinical trials should contain abstracts that include the items that the CONSORT group has identified as essential ( =1190). Clinical trial registration number should be mentioned at the end of the abstract. Whenever a registration number is available, Authors should list that number the first time they use a trial acronym to refer to either the trial they are reporting or to other trials that they mention in the manuscript.

Key words:
Provide 3-5 keywords which will help readers or indexing agencies in cross-indexing the study. The words found in title need not be given as key words.

It should start on a new page. Essentially this section must introduce the subject and briefly say how the idea for research originated. Provide a context or background for the study (that is, the nature of the problem and its significance). State the specific purpose or research objective of, or hypothesis tested by, the study or observation; the research objective is often more sharply focused when stated as a question. Both the main and secondary objectives should be clear, and any prespecified subgroup analyses should be described. Provide only directly pertinent references, and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported.

Material and Methods
This section should deal with the materials used and the methodology - how the work was carried out. The procedure adopted should be described in sufficient detail to allow the study to be interpreted and repeated by the readers, if necessary. This section should include only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was being written; all information obtained during the study belongs in the Results section.

Selection and Description of Participants
Describe your selection of the observational or experimental participants (patients or laboratory animals, including controls) clearly, including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population. Because the relevance of such variables as age and sex to the object of research is not always clear, authors should explain their use when they are included in a study report—for example, authors should explain why only participants of certain ages were included or why women were excluded. The guiding principle should be clarity about how and why a study was done in a particular way. When authors use such variables as race or ethnicity, they should define how they measured these variables and justify their relevance.

Technical Information
Identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer’s name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow others to reproduce the results. Give references to established methods, including statistical methods (see below); provide references and brief descriptions for methods that have been published but are not well-known; describe new or substantially modified methods, give the reasons for using them, and evaluate their limitations. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration.

Statistical Methods
Describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. When possible, quantify findings and present them with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals). Avoid relying solely on statistical hypothesis testing, such as P values, which fail to convey important information about effect size. References for the design of the study and statistical methods should be to standard works when possible (with pages stated). Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Specify the computer software used.

Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. Do not repeat all the data in the tables or illustrations in the text; emphasize or summarize only the most important observations. Extra or supplementary materials and technical detail can be placed in an appendix where they will be accessible but will not interrupt the flow of the text, or they can be published solely in the electronic version of the journal.
When data are summarized in the Results section, give numeric results not only as derivatives (for example, percentages) but also as the absolute numbers from which the derivatives were calculated, and specify the statistical methods used to analyze them. Restrict tables and figures to those needed to explain the argument of the paper and to assess supporting data. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. Avoid nontechnical uses of technical terms in statistics, such as “random” (which implies a randomizing device), “normal,” “significant,” “correlations,” and “sample.”
Where scientifically appropriate, analyses of the data by such variables as age and sex should be included.

This section should deal with the interpretation, rather than recapitulation of results. For experimental studies, it is useful to begin the discussion by briefly summarizing the main findings, then explore possible mechanisms or explanations for these findings, compare and contrast the results with other relevant studies, state the limitations of the study, and explore the implications of the findings for future research and for clinical practice.
Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not adequately supported by the data. In particular, avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless the manuscript includes the appropriate economic data and analyses. Avoid claiming priority or alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when warranted, but label them clearly as such.

It should be typed in a new page. Acknowledge only persons who have contributed to the scientific content or provided technical support. Sources of financial support should be mentioned.

It should begin on a new page. Avoid citing abstracts as references. Papers which have been submitted and accepted but not yet published may be included in the list of references with the name of the journal and indicated as “Forth coming”. A photocopy of the acceptance letter should be submitted with the manuscript. Information from manuscript “submitted” but “not yet accepted” should not be included. Avoid using abstracts as references. The “unpublished observations” and “personal communications” may not be used as references but may be inserted (in parentheses) in the text. References are to be cited in the text by superscribed number and should be in the order in which they appear (after the punctuation). References cited only in tables or in legends to figures should be numbered in accordance with a sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or illustration. The references must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents. The list of references should be typed double spaced following the Vancouver style.

General Considerations Related to References
Although references to review articles can be an efficient way to guide readers to a body of literature, review articles do not always reflect original work accurately. Readers should therefore be provided with direct references to original research sources whenever possible. Avoid using abstracts as references. References to papers accepted but not yet published should be designated as “in press” or “forthcoming”; authors should obtain written permission to cite such papers as well as verification that they have been accepted for publication. Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as “unpublished observations” with written permission from the source.
Avoid citing a “personal communication” unless it provides essential information not available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text. For scientific articles, obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication.
Some but not all journals check the accuracy of all reference citations; thus, citation errors sometimes appear in the published version of articles. To minimize such errors, references should be verified using either an electronic bibliographic source, such as PubMed or print copies from original sources. Authors are responsible for checking that none of the references cite retracted articles except in the context of referring to the retraction. For articles published in journals indexed in MEDLINE, the ICMJE considers PubMed the authoritative source for information about retractions. Authors can identify retracted articles in MEDLINE by using the following search term, where pt in square brackets stands for publication type: Retracted publication [pt] in PubMed.

Reference Style and Format
Authors may also consult sample references ( , a list of examples extracted from or based on Citing Medicine for easy use by the ICMJE audience; these sample references are maintained by NLM.
References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by by superscribed Arabic numerals. References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in the list of Journals Indexed for MEDLINE, posted by the NLM on the Library's Web site. The list of references should be typed double spaced following the Vancouver style.

Each table must be self-explanatory and presented in such a way that they are easily understandable without referring to the text. Type or print each table with double-spacing on a separate sheet of paper. Number tables consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text and supply a brief title for each. Do not use internal horizontal or vertical lines. Give each column a short or an abbreviated heading. Authors should place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain all nonstandard abbreviations in footnotes, and use the following symbols, in sequence:
*, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡, §§, ||||, ¶¶, etc.
Identify statistical measures of variations, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean.
Be sure that each table is cited in the text.
If you use data from another published or unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge that source fully.
Additional tables containing backup data too extensive to publish in print may be appropriate for publication in the electronic version of the journal, deposited with an archival service, or made available to readers directly by the authors. An appropriate statement should be added to the text to inform readers that this additional information is available and where it is located. Submit such tables for consideration with the paper so that they will be available to the peer reviewers.

Figures (Illustrations)
Figures should be either professionally drawn and photographed, or submitted as electronic files of figures in a format ( JPEG or GIF) authors should review the images of such files on a computer screen before submitting them to be sure they meet their own quality standards.
For x-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images, as well as pictures of pathology specimens or photomicrographs, send sharp, glossy, black-and-white or color photographic prints, usually 127 x 173 mm (5 x 7 inches). Letters, numbers, and symbols on figures should therefore be clear and consistent throughout, and large enough to remain legible when the figure is reduced for publication. Figures should be made as self-explanatory as possible, since many will be used directly in slide presentations. Titles and detailed explanations belong in the legends not on the illustrations themselves.
Photomicrographs should have internal scale markers. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background.
Photographs of potentially identifiable people must be accompanied by written permission to use the photograph.
Figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been cited in the text. If a figure has been published previously, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the figure. Permission is required irrespective of authorship or publisher except for documents in the public domain.

Legends for Figures (Illustrations)
Type or print out legends for illustrations using double spacing, starting on a separate page, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs.

Units of Measurement
Measurements of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric units (meter, kilogram, or liter) or their decimal multiples. Temperatures should be in degrees Celsius. Blood pressures should be in millimeters of mercury. Authors should report laboratory information in both local and International System of Units (SI). Drug concentrations may be reported in either SI or mass units, but the alternative should be provided in parentheses where appropriate.

Abbreviations and Symbols
Use only standard abbreviations; use of nonstandard abbreviations can be confusing to readers. Avoid abbreviations in the title of the manuscript. The spelled-out abbreviation followed by the abbreviation in parenthesis should be used on first mention unless the abbreviation is a standard unit of measurement.

JPT endorses the PRISMA statement ( Authors submitting systematic reviews are required to follow these guidelines, include a flow diagram within the manuscript, and submit the checklist.

Case reports
Case report describes the overall management of an unusual case or a condition that is infrequently encountered in practice or poorly described in the literature. The entire care of the patient "from start to finish" is described, with no one aspect of care receiving greater focus.

Perspectives are highly scholarly papers expounding on a specific clinical approach to patient care (on either a theoretical or practical basis) or addressing professional issues in Health care, and related areas. Perspectives contain new ideas, interpretations, and opinions and are intended to inform and advance practice in important ways. Perspectives can address translational research. Perspectives are one of the most highly cited manuscript types. Typically, these manuscripts are written by leaders in the field who set forth future directions.

Invited Commentary
Topic suggestions should be submitted to the editor, include a detailed definition of the topic and a suggestion of at least two possible authors to write the commentary. Offers to write a commentary are also accepted. If you wish to write a commentary, please contact the editor first.

Short communications
The manuscript should not be divided into sub-sections. It may have up to 1200 words (including a maximum of 5 references) and one figure or one table.

Letters to the Editor
JPT Letters to the Editor provide timely, thoughtful dialogue on issues of concern to the Health profession, to related disciplines, to the health care delivery system, to patients, and to all members of society who are interested in health and well-being.

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This page created: 10th March 2010; last modified: 14th March 2014.

Any comments, queries or suggestions related to this page or this website may be directed to the site webmaster below:

Senthil P Kumar, PT., PhD.,
Founding Chief editor- Journal of Physical Therapy (JPT),
Professor and Principal,
Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation (MMIPR),
Maharishi Markandeshwar University (MMU),
Mullana-Ambala, Haryana, India.
Mobile: +919341963889; +918059930234.
senthil kumar,
Jun 4, 2010, 11:21 AM
senthil kumar,
May 2, 2010, 11:34 AM