DEFINING COMMUNITY RESILIENCE IN COMMUNITY BASED TOURISM: MISO WALAI AND PULAU MABUL IN SABAH, MALAYSIA
This paper is published in:
BIMP-EAGA Journal of Sustainable Tourism Development
Authors: Alan A. Lew
Type: Case Study
ISSN No: 2232-10603
Barcode No: 9772232106003
'Sustainable development' has been a popular conceptual framework since the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) issued its report to the United Nations in 1987 (Hall & Lew, 2009). Also known as the Brundtland Report, its goal was to define a global agenda to deal with the deterioration of natural and social environments. Although still maintaining its dominant role as the preferred development paradigm for most actions taken by governments and enterprises today, the world remains mostly non-sustainable with ever increasing levels of green house gasses, global temperatures, biodiversity losses, human populations, income disparities and social inequities (Lew, 2012).
Definitions of sustainability and sustainable tourism vary widely, but in general they center on approaching development in such as way as to maximize its positive impacts on people, places and environments, while minimizing any negative impacts. Sustainability is essentially a call to consider the common good over individual greed. This has been interpreted by some be a criticism of liberal economic theory, which in its purest form allows market economics to be the sole regulator of common resource pools, such as air, water, and scenic byways.