Home

 
This site contains excerpts from the works of Flavius Josephus that pertain to region of Paneas (or Panias and which was later named Caesarea Philippi).  The modern name is Banias. It is located on the northwestern edge of the Golan Heights and is under Israeli control.
 
These excerpts from Josephus are from the translation by William Whiston which is now out of copyright. All citations will be as WW used them.

And, since it is out of copyright, I have cleaned up archaic words and spelling to make it more readable.  This illustration is from an edition owned by me, though it should be noted that no one really knows what Josephus looked like. (Here's more about him.)

This information is an adjunct to the archaeological work being done on the temple (at Omrit) that Herod built for Caesar Augustus near Paneas.
 
First, Josephus on the temple built for Caesar:
 
    ... a temple of white marble, hard by the fountains of Jordan...    War. Book I. Chapter XXI.3

    ... a most beautiful temple, of the whitest stone...                            Antiq. Book XV. Chapter X.3
 
 
    ... he bestowed on him Trachon, and Batanea, and Auranitis ...    Antiq. Book XV. Chapter X.1
 
    ... and was gone as far as Libanus ...                                                   War. Book I. Chapter VII.3 
 
    ... all that land which lay between Trachonitis and Galilee ...        War. Book I. Chapter XX.4
 
    ... a temple of white marble, hard by the fountains of Jordan ...   War. Book I. Chapter XXI.3
 
    ... a most beautiful temple, of the whitest stone...                            Antiq. Book XV. Chapter X.3
 
    ... and Paneas to Philip ...                                                                     Antiq. Book XVII. Chapter VIII.1
 
   ... wherein Philip was to inherit Trachonitis ...                                  War. Book I. Chapter XXIII.8
 
 
 
    ... he divided it into two tetrarchies ...                                                War. Book II. Chapter VI.3
 
    ... he named it Caesarea ...                                                                    Antiq. Book XVIII Chapter II.1
 
    ... built the city Caesarea ...                                                                   War. Book II. Chapter IX.1
 
 
    ... made him king of Philip's tetrarchy ...                                           War. Book II. Chapter IX.6
 
    ... he bestowed on Agrippa ...                                                               War. Book II. Chapter XI.5
 
    ... and sent Cuspius Fadus to be its procurator ...                             War. Book II. Chapter XI.6


    ... he gave him the tetrarchy which had belonged to Philip ...        War. Book II. Chapter XII.8
 
    ... he sent three thousand horsemen ...                                               War. Book II. Chapter XVII.4
 
    ... Agrippa built Caesarea Philippi larger than it was before...        Antiq. Book XX. Chapter IX.4
 
    ... the fountains of Jordan ...                                                                 War. Book III. Chapter III.5
 
    ... went to that which is called Caesarea Philippi ...                          War. Book III. Chapter IX.7
 
 
    ... Panium is thought to be the fountain of Jordan ...                        War. Book III. Chapter X.7
 
 
    ... exhibited all sorts of shows there ...                                                 War. Book VI. Chapter II.1