My research focuses on the psychological impact of group-based victimization on people’s political attitudes and on their relations with members of other groups (in particular other disadvantaged or victimized groups). More specifically, I am interested in the social psychological processes and conditions that give rise to constructive, rather than to destructive consequences of victimization. I have focused primarily on what I refer to as inclusive and exclusive victim consciousness, as well as on the factors that feed into these distinct ways of thinking about the ingroup's victimization. I study these questions among various ethnic, religious and national (minority) groups in the U.S., Europe, India, and in East Africa. Another area of my research pertains to to the psychology of genocide and its aftermath, addressing processes among victims, bystanders, and perpetrators.
I use multiple methods, ranging from semi-structured interviews, oral history, focus groups, and content analysis of archival materials to survey research and experiments. I have a strong interest in the integration of theories across subdisciplines (such as social psychology and peace psychology) as well as between disciplines (such as history and psychology).