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Ardsheal House, Appin

Key:
Purple = Legal Title
Red = Building work
Blue = Furnishings
Magenta = Decoration
Green = Landscape and grounds
Italic = Associated information
UPPER CASE = Major events
Bold = Family events


1446?
Possible date of building of Castle Stalker by Sir John Stewart, His son Dugald became the first Chief of Appin.

1460
10 AUGUST: CORONATION OF JAMES III AT KELSO.

1469
JULY: MARRIAGE OF JAMES III AND MARGARET, DAUGHTER OF KING OF DENMARK.

1470
14 April. Appin and the surrounding area formally granted to Dugald Stewart I of Appin by James III. Ardsheal was given to John, 1st of Ardsheal by his father, John Stewart, 4th [5th?] of Appin. [Register of the Great Seal?]

1488
11 JUNE: JAMES III KILLED AT SAUCHIEBURN. SUCCEEDED BY HIS SON, JAMES IV.

1493
JOHN MACDONALD II, LORD OF THE ISLES IS TRIED BY JAMES IV. THE LORDSHIP MERGED WITH THE SCOTTISH CROWN AFTER 1545.

1500-1
14 January. A Charter for the seven mark land of Ardsell and Lagynhall given to Duncan Stewart of Appin by King James IV at Stirling. Also the five merk land of Auchindaroch. [Register of the Great Seal  of Scotland Vol. II, 2565]

1513
9 SEPTEMBER: JAMES IV FALLS AT THE BATTLE OF FLODDEN. SUCCEEDED BY JAMES V AS A MINOR.
THE DUKE OF ALBANY ACTS AS REGENT.

1515
11 August. An Act under the Privy Seal allows Allan Stewart to succeed to the seven mark land of Ardsell and Lagynhall on the death of his brother, Duncan Stewart of Appin. With consent of John, Duke of Albany. [Register of the Privy Seal  of Scotland Vol. I, 2595]

1542
16 DECEMBER: JAMES V DIES AT FALKLAND. BURIED AT HOLYROOD. SUCCEEDED BY HIS DAUGHTER MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS WHO WAS A MINOR. HIS WIDOW, MARY OF GUISE ACTED AS REGENT UNTIL 1563.

1546-7
19 February. A Charter for the seven mark lands of Ardsell and Laginahall given to Archibald Campbell, [4th Earl of Argyll from 1558] by [Mary of Guise?] at Edinburgh. [Register of the Great Seal of Scotland Vol. IV, 72]

1558
ACCESSION OF ELIZABETH I.

1559
MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS DECLARES HERSELF QUEEN OF ENGLAND.

1567
24 JULY: MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS FORCED TO ABDICATE. SUCCEEDED BY HER SON, JAMES VI.

1571-2
10 February. Charter for the seven-merk lands of Ardsell and Langinall [inherited by?] Colin Campbell [Duke of Argyll?] by King James VI at Leith. [Register of the Great Seal of Scotland Vol. V, 2014]

1585
John Stewart I of Appin entered the household of Ludovick, 2nd Duke of Lennox, cousin to James VI. The Duke was High Chamberlain and Admiral of Scotland and was appointed Ambassador to France in 1601. [John H. J. Stewart 1880 pp. 130-52]

1587
8 FEBRUARY: EXECUTION OF MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTS.

1589
20 AUGUST: JAMES VI OF SCOTLAND MARRIES ANNE OF DENMARK.

1600
Lands of Achacharn [Acharn] pass from Alaster roy McGillespie roy of Lagnaha to members of the Stewart family. Also writs of 1602 and 1608 for same. [NRAS 793/5 Campbell of Airds papers]

1603
24 MARCH: DEATH OF ELIZABETH I.
25 JULY: JAMES VI OF SCOTLAND CROWNED JAMES I OF ENGLAND.

1610
16 March. Charter for the seven mark lands of Ardsell and Langinall given by King James VI to his son Henry, Prince of Wales, Duke of Rothesay and Lord of the Isles. Born on 19 February 1594 he died unmarried on 6 November 1612, aged 19. His younger brother succeeded his father as Charles I. [Register of the Great Seal of Scotland Vol. VII, 265]

1618
THIRTY YEARS WAR BEGINS ON THE CONTINENT.

1619
1 June. Sasine for John Stewart of Ardsheal [NAS. RS 9 Vol. 1 ff. 94v-97v.]

1620
9 October: Royal letter to the Earl of Mar, Treasurer and his Deputy, to grant forfeited lands [of?] to John Stewart of Ardsell in Lorne. [NAS. GD 124/10/179]

1625
27 MARCH: DEATH OF JAMES VI AND I.

1626
2 FEBRUARY: CORONATION OF CHARLES I IN LONDON.

1633
18 JUNE: CORONATION OF CHARLES I AS KING OF SCOTLAND AT HOLYROOD.

1644
Duncan Stewart of Ardsheal serves as an officer in the Appin Regiment under the Marquis of Montrose. [John H. J. Stewart 1880 pp. 130-52]
? Birth of Duncan Stewart II of Ardsheal

1650
SEPTEMBER: CHARLES II DEFEATED AT BATTLE OF DUNBAR.

1651
1 JANUARY: CHARLES II CROWNED KING OF SCOTLAND AT SCONE.

1660
14 February. Sasine for Duncan Stewart of Ardsheal. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS 9 Vol. 2 ff. 344v - 345v.]

1661
23 APRIL: CORONATION OF CHARLES II.

1674
28 July. Sasine for John Stewart of Ardsheal, fiar. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS 10 Vol. 1 f. 58]
28 August. Sasine for Duncan Stewart of Ardsheal and his spouse, Margaret Mclean. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS 10 Vol. 1 f. 63]

1685
6 FEBRUARY: DEATH OF CHARLES II. SUCCEEDED BY HIS BROTHER JAMES II.
23 APRIL: CORONATION OF JAMES II.
? Birth of John Stewart III of Ardsheal.

1687
12 April. Sasine for John Stewart of Ardsheal [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS 10 Vol. 2 f. 183]
13 April. Sasine for John Stewart of Ardsheal and Alexander, brother of Duncan Stewart of Ardsheal [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS 10 Vol. 2 f. 184, as fiar, f. 185]
27 August. Rental of John Stewart, fiar of Ardsheal. [NAS. SC54/20/8/1/1]

1689
11 APRIL: CORONATION OF WILLIAM & MARY.
27 JULY: THE BATTLE OF KILLIECRANKIE.

1690
Hearth Tax records show five people living at 'Ardshyllin', viz. Robert Stewart, Alexander Stewart, John Stewart, John [Clark?] and Patrick McIntyre. Each is taxed for one hearth. Donald Lamont is shown at 'Laichnagall', also with one hearth.[NAS. E69/3/1 ff.7 and 14]

1691
18 June. Sasine for Allan, son of Duncan Stewart of Ardsheal. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS 10 Vol. 2 f. 307]

1692
13 FEBRUARY: MASSACRE OF GLENCOE.

1693
28 February. Sasine for John Stewart of Ardsheal [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS 10 Vol. 2 f. 382, as fiar, f. 404]

1700
? John Stewart of Ardsheil married Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of Charles Stewart of Ballechin.

1702
23 APRIL: CORONATION OF QUEEN ANNE.

1706
THE ACT OF UNION ABOLISHES THE SCOTTISH PARLIAMENT.

1711
8 August. Sasine for Margaret Mclean, spouse of Duncan Stewart of Ardsheal and Allan Stewart, his son. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS 10 Vol. 4(1) f. 126]

1714
John Stewart IV of Ardsheal was summoned to Edinburgh to give an undertaking that he would not joint any rising in support of the Stewart cause. [John H. J. Stewart 1880 pp. 130-52]
1 AUGUST. DEATH OF QUEEN ANNE.
20 OCTOBER: CORONATION OF GEORGE I.

1715
SEPTEMBER: THE EAR OF MAR RAISES THE ROYAL STANDARD AT BRAEMAR.
13 NOVEMBER: BATTLE OF SHERIFFMUIR.
John Stewart IV of Ardsheal served in the Appin Regiment under the Earl of Mar. His estates were forfeited but restored in 1717. [John H. J. Stewart 1880 pp. 130-52]

1727
11 OCTOBER: CORONATION OF GEORGE II.

1732
? Charles Stewart V of Ardsheal married Isabel Haldane.

1733
9 June. Sasine for John Stewart of Ardsheal [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS 10 Vol. 7 f. 22]

1734
12 August. Sasine for Isobell Haldane, spouse of Charles Stewart of Ardsheal. Alexander Haldane younger of Lanrick appeared upon the ground of the lands underwritten as attorney for and in name of Isobell Haldane, spouse to Charles Stewart of Ardsheal (daughter of John Haldane of Lanrick) his sister. Refers to a contract of marriage where she was to have the liferent of 500 merks Scots of 'all and hail the lands of Ardsheal, Auchindarick and Auchlar[?] with houses, biggings, yeards, mosses, muirs ...[etc]...' [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS 10 Vol. 7 ff. 99v [Latin] 100v-101r English]
2 September. Sasine for John Stewart of Ardsheal. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS 10 Vol. 7 f. 99]
3 September. Sasine for John Stewart of Ardsheal and Isobel Haldane, spouse of Charles Stewart of Ardsheal. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS 10 Vol. 7 f. 100]

1739
20 May. Charles Stewart V of Ardsheal Commissioned as a Colonel by James VIII. [John H. J. Stewart 1880 pp. 130-52]

1745
23 JULY- 3 AUGUST: PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD ARRIVES IN ERISKAY, WESTERN ISLANDS.
17 SEPTEMBER: THE PRINCE ENTERS EDINBURGH.
Charles Stewart V of Ardsheal fought for the Prince and was a member of his advisory Council. [John H. J. Stewart 1880 pp. 130-52]

5 DECEMBER: RETREAT TO DERBY. VARIOUS ACTS OF PARLIAMENT FORBID THE WEARING OF HIGHLAND DRESS [IN FORCE UNTIL 1780] AND PLAYING OF THE PIPES.
16 APRIL: BATTLE OF CULLODEN.
20 SEPTEMBER: PRINCE CHARLES EDWARD SAILS FOR FRANCE.

1746
8 June. Charles Stewart V of Ardsheal attainted for his part in the Rebellion and forfeited his estates. He was specifically excepted from the Act of Indemnity in 1747. [Article by Robin M. Stewart] [See also PRO Kew, TS 20/95/47. Action against Stewart, Charles of Ardshiel undated]
17 September. Charles Stewart of Ardsheal flees to France on a French ship. [John H. J. Stewart 1880 pp. 130-52. Cites article in The Scots Magazine - no reference given]
15/16 December. House of Ardsheal sacked and burnt down with all its contents. [Article by Robin M. Stewart]
17 December. Birth of Anne Stewart.
Ann later married Dr. Robert Graham Moir of Balchaple . Her portrait by Henry Raeburn is in Dundee City collection. Her (christening?) robe is at Achnacone. [Article by Robin M. Stewart]

20 December. Isabel Stewart takes her son Duncan to stay with relatives at Sterling. She sailed to France to join her husband in exile.
Undated but 1746 or after. Draft of a letter from [Archibald Campbell of Stonefield] to [Lord Milton? Milton was the Duke of Argyll's amanuensis] stating that Ardsheal house has been demolished and that the Duke of Argyll cannot in the meantime expect any rent from the estate. [NAS GD14/117]

1749
14 March. Letter from John Campbell, Lord Glenorchy [later 3rd Earl of Bredalbane] to Colin Campbell of Glenure. "I have spoke about you to the Duke of Argyll. He told me that he does not know whether he is to have the estate of Ardsheal or not, but he said that if he gets it he will be very willing to continue you in the factoring of it". [NAS. GD 170/942]

1751
28 February. Letter from Alexander Robertson to Colin Campbell of Glenure. "I told Mr. Moncrieff that in order to take a Decreet against Lady Ardsheal, who is abroad, before the Sheriff was inconsistent but he said there was no matter for that, you might summon her at the ruins of Ardsheal's house". [NAS: GD170/3292]
? 16 April. Report that the forfeited estates of Cameron of Lochiel, Stewart of Ardshiel and Kinlochmoidart are held by Jacobites [PRO, Kew, SP 54/41/10B]
12 October. Letter from Lt-Col Crawfurd to [Lt-Gen Churchill]. On his efforts to apprehend Fassefern and Gleneves; and mentioning the possible return of Lady Ardshiel to Scotland [PRO, Kew, SP 54/41/44B]
11 November. The Factor, [Colin Campbell of Glenure] paid £15 stg. towards the cost of building a church in the Presbytery of Appin. [The discharged accounts show that this was for Ardsheal church. [NAS. E737/16]

1752
14 May. Colin Campbell of Glenure shot near Ballacheulish.
18 May. Letter from Lord Justice Clerk Areskine to [Holdernesse]. On the murder of Colin Campbell of Glenure, appointed by the Exchequer Court as factor for the forfeited estate of Stewart of Ardshiel; and reporting his actions to ensure that "the barbarous wretches, actors and accomplices in this assassination may be discovered and exemplarily punished" [PRO Kew, SP 54/42/9A]
8 November. James Stewart [James of the Glen], brother of Charles Stewart of Ardsheal, hanged for having been an accessory to the murder of Colin Campbell. Many still believe he was innocent.
By this date the Commissioners for Annexed Estates had removed all the tenants on Ardsheal and replaced them. [NAS. E737/16]

1753
Ardsheal tenants paid £1.3.4 for building a barracks for the soldiers, south side of the ferry at Ballacheulish. [NAS. E737/17/1(1) 1753 accounts [passed in 1756] of the factor Mungo Campbell, who had replaced John his brother]
Expences of entertainment etc. laid out by the factor at making a new survey of the estate £3.5.0. Also Barron Bailley's incidents at taking the survey, £1.7.0. [NAS. E737/17/1(1). This was probably a written survey/valuation, not a drawn, topographical one]

1754
Paid to the estate of Ardsheal a proportion of the cost of a house for the factor, £3.19.4. [NAS. E737/17/2(1). 1754 accounts passed in 1756.]

1755
Income from the estate by this date approx. £50 per annum. [NAS. E737/17/4(1)]

1756
£3 paid towards the minister's manse. The Mill failed to rent at a roup. Rentals now £66 pa. [NAS. E737/17/5(1)]

1757
15 March. Death of Charles Stewart V of Ardsheal at Sens, in France.
Further £2 towards building the manse. [NAS. E737/17/6(1)]

1758
14 December. Notarial copies of minutes of proceedings in the Court of Session Edinburgh of 8 July - 10 Aug. in the claim of Isabel Haldane on the forfeited estate of Charles Stewart of Ardshiel, her late husband. [PRO Kew, T 1/388/108]

1760
Income from the estate by this date £81 per annum. [NAS. E737/18]

1761
22 SEPTEMBER: CORONATION OF GEORGE III.
£2.10.0 received as a proportion of the sale of the oak woods [NAS. E737/18]

1762
15 to 19 November. Duncan Stewart travels with James Boswell to London. Stewart is on his way to receive orders from the East India Company.
£4.12.2 paid for enclosing part of the new cut wood on the Ardsheal estate. [NAS. E737/18]

1763
By balance in the factor's hands in order to defray the orders for building houses etc. £41.6.0. [NAS. E737/18 6(1)]

1764
February. Allowed Alexander Campbell at Ardsheal for building a farm house to him and order, £20. Also allowed James Stewart at Achindovrach for building a farm house and order, £15. Receipts from both dated 2 January 1766. [NAS. E737/18/7(1) Continued up to 1769 but nothing of great interest except a small payment for the repair of the manse]

1767
Duncan Stewart VI of Ardsheal married Ann Erving [b. 20.1.1740] in Boston. Ann was the daughter of the Hon. John Erving [1693, Kirkwall, Orkney - 1786, Boston], Governor of Boston and his wife, Abigail Phillips. [Article by Robin M. Stewart]
Death of Charles Stewart, 5th son of Charles Stewart V of Ardsheal, in Jamaica.

1769
3 February. Birth of John Stewart to Duncan Stewart VI and Ann Erving.
Death of Alexander Stewart, second son of Charles Stewart V at Bencoolin, Sumatra. He was the commander of the East Indiaman, 'The Duke of Albany'. [This was appropriate as the first Duke of Albany, second son of James II, was Alexander Stewart [c.1454 – 7 August 1485]. He was succeeded as commander by his brother John. See 1772. [ Additional information see: 1763-1772: journals incl. that of Chief Mate, John Stewart, deck log, ledgers and pay books. British Library, Asia, Pacific and Africa Collections L/MAR/B/553]

1771
14 August. Letter from Hugh Seton of Touch to James Hunter [i.e. Commissioners of Annexed Estates] in the hands of Duncan Stewart, collector of Customs at New London and eldest son of Mr. Stewart of Ardsheal who lost his estate by forfeiture in 1745. He asks a small favour - a lease of a farm of £25 on the family estate for his mother in her retirement. Dated at Appin house. [NAS. E737/21/1]

1772
6 April. Letter from Robert Campbell encloses memorial of Lieut. Patrick Campbell asking that he be reinstated as factor of the forfeited estate of Ardshiel [PRO Kew, T 1/488/137-140]
12 June. Duncan Stewart VI established himself with the Lord Lyon as representative of the Stewarts of Appin and Lorn, on the death without male issue of Duncan Stewart VI of Appin. Stewart of Appin was his father's third son but of his brothers, John died in infancy and Alexander died un-married in 1767. Thus when Duncan Stewart X of Appin died in 1769, Duncan of Ardsheal was his heir male. This was confirmed by a grant from the Lord Lyon dated 28 April 1800. [Article by Robin M. Stewart]
July. 'The Duke of Albany', commanded by John Stewart, son of Charles Stewart V is wrecked. He held a lease on Auchendarroch from Whitsun 1774 and died in 1780.

1773
'A Plan of the Estate of Ardsheal, lying in the Parish of Appin and County of Argyll'. Surveyed by William Morison. 107.00 x 94.0 cms [NAS, RHP 3484] The NAS have a coloured digital scan of this plan.

1774
William Morison was employed by the Annexed Estates Commissioners to survey the estates of Lochiel, Callart and Ardsheal with reference to proposed agricultural improvements. [See SCRAN website for a full set of the plans and details of estimated expenditure for enclosure]
18 July. Letter from Hugh Seton of Touch to William Barclay, secretary to the Hon. Board of Commissioners of the annexed estates. He refers to a grant of £60 received 'for carrying on the high roads in my District'. A second £60 refused. He asks them to note that he has spent 'near £600 in making roads and building bridges and have further the faith of the county agreed to advance £150 to build a bridge over a considerable water at the same line, after which there remains one (and only one) gap in the whole line to Inverness Shire and that is on the estate of Ardsheal, as to which I believe Mr. Butter the factor, gave in a report and estimate which amounted to £90'. [NAS. E737/21/2]

1778
? Birth of James Haldane Stewart, son of Duncan Stewart VI and Ann Erving, later Rector of Limpsfield

1779
Death of Isabel Haldane, widow of Charles Stewart V of Ardsheal, at Northampton. [John H. J. Stewart 1880 pp. 130-52]
Charles Stewart of Ardsheal living in Chelsea, London. [Article by Robin M. Stewart]

1782
Charles Stewart of Ardsheal living in Dublin as Assistant Secretary to the Lord Lt. [Article by Robin M. Stewart]

1783
Charles Stewart of Ardsheal living in Bloomsbury. [Article by Robin M. Stewart]

1785
30 June. John, Duke of Argyll seised, 13 June 1785, Ardsheal, Auchindaroch and Aucharharr in Durrar. [NAS. RS3 Vol. 424 f. 174. He purchased the superiorities? for £1,602.14.11 on 22 August 1785, in signature 12 February 1785. See NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 422 f. 269]
17 August. Duncan Stewart of Ardsheal seised 'all and hail the four merk land of old extent of Ardsheal...with parts, penticles... shealings and pertinents'. With a burden to the Court of Exchequer of £699.7.9 stg. as a penalty for the forfeiture [c. £42,000 today] [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS10 Vol. 12 ff. 277v-279r]
Same date. He seised lands of Lannaha in Durror on Disposition by Duncan Campbell of Dunore to Hugh Seton of Touch. Disposition and Assignation by him [HS of T] 1 August 1783. [NAS. Argyll Sasines PR Vol. 12 f. 278] Hereafter AAA or AAA&L in the Sasines is the estate of Ardsheal, with or without the lands of Lannaha, unless otherwise stated.
The restoration of Ardsheal to Duncan Stewart did not take place until 1785; and it was not until a further three years had elapsed that Duncan took up his residence at Ardsheal'. [Article by Robin M. Stewart]

1786
20 July. William Lockhart, Captain, RN seised in security of £1,750 on a Bond by the Commissioners of Duncan Stewart of Ardsheal dated 22 May 1786. Description of the estate of Ardsheal still refers to 'sheilings' but not to a house or mansion-house. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 435 ff. 51r-57v]

1787
Charles Stewart of Ardsheal succeeded by his son John as Collector of Customs in Bermuda. [Article by Robin M. Stewart]

1788
14 June. Ann Balfour daughter of Robert Balfour Ramsay of Balbirny, seised 14 June 1788 AAA&L in security of £4,000 on a Bond by Duncan Stewart of Ardsheal, 3 June 1788. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 456 ff. 53r-61r.]
18 July. Duncan Stewart of Ardsheal gets Ren, 3 June 1788 by Barons of Exchequer of lands of AAA and of £699.7.9 in signature, 14 February 1785. NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 456 f. 61r-64r]

1789
2 April. John Stewart married Sarah Leonard, daughter of Daniel Leonard, Chief Justice of Bermuda.

1793
September. Duncan Stewart VI of Ardsheal dies in London after a short visit to America. [Article by Robin M. Stewart]

1794
8 September. Charles Stewart of Ardsheal seised as heir to Duncan Stewart of Ardsheal, his father 28 August 1794, the lands of AAA [&L?] on Precept of Clare Constat [The precept of clare constat is used when the sasine is given to an heir of a deceased vassal] by the Commission of John, Duke of Argyll, 16 August 1794. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 535 f. 83]
Same date. The Trustees of Duncan Stewart of Ardsheal seised on Disposition by Charles Stewart of Ardsheal, 4 August 1794, the lands of AAA [&L?]. The sasine refers to the will of Duncan Stewart who is deceased and to Ann Stewart, his widow. '...and it is thereby desired and directed that the furniture in the mansion house of Ardsheal should be considered as heir looms and enjoyed along with the said estate'. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 535 ff. 87-96v quote from f. 92]

1795
James Haldane Stewart visits America in relation to his mother's property there. Charles VII of Ardsheal serving with the 37th Regiment, John in Bermuda and George had died in infancy. [Article by Robin M. Stewart]

1798
From this year until 1801, Ann Stewart, widow of Duncan, lived with her son James in London. [Article by Robin M. Stewart p. 128]

1802
23 September. Rebecca Sinclair, spouse of Charles Stewart of Ardsheal seised, 2 August 1802 the lands of AAA [&L?] in security of liferent of £150 on marriage contract, 2 August 1802. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 662 f. 156]

1806
4 August. George William, Duke of Argyll, seised 30 July 1806 the lands of AAA&L on Charter of Resignation. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 760 f. 80 and Inverness and Perth Sasines GS 5 July 1806]

1815
18 JUNE: BATTLE OF WATERLOO.

1816
Birth of Anna Rebecca Charlotte Stewart.

1817
29 August. Charles Stewart of Ardsheal seised, 13 July 1817 the lands of AAA&L 'which lands comprise Lettermoir, Glendurror, Glendachindarroch and Lagnahall', on Charter of Resignation GS 20 December 1815. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 1063 f. 66] [This suggests the Duke of Argyll granted further lands?

1821
19 JULY: CORONATION OF GEORGE IV.

1822
15 AUGUST: GEORGE IV VISITS SCOTLAND.

1831
8 SEPTEMBER: CORONATION OF WILLIAM IV.

1832
3 February. Death of John Stewart son of Duncan Stewart VI.

1838
28 JUNE: CORONATION OF QUEEN VICTORIA.

1844
2 January. Death of Charles Stewart VII of Ardsheal. Interred in St. Pancras Churchyard, London.
9 January. A meeting of his executors was held in London immediately after his funeral. [Minutes in Folder 3, Stewart Society]
28 August. Charles Stewart VIII of Ardsheal as heir to C S of A, his father, seised 19 August 1844 the lands of AAA&L on Pr Char, 17 July 1844. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 2243 f. 232]

1846
13 August. Letter from A. McCheyne [W.S.] to Charles Stewart of Ardsheal addressed to Appin. 'I have sent the reports to Mr. MacGregor at Fort William with a state of the balance of the price and a form of the discharge to be granted by the contractors and I have written to Mr. McArthur with a copy of the reports and desiring him and Mr. Carmichael to call on Mr. MacGregor when they will receive the balance due to them under deduction of the deficiencies on their granting a discharge..... To the best of my knowledge the family did not leave Ardsheal until August 1841'. [Folder 3, Stewart Society]
9 September. 'You will be sorry to find, from the enclosed correspondence that all of our efforts towards an amicable settlement with the contractors for the Office houses are likely to prove abortive. Mr. Simpson [!], the Referee, by venturing to condemn the slates, in the first instance, has roused the wrath and indignation of our friend Balacheulish, and then, by timorously retracting that part of his verdict (awed by the threatened vengeance of that worthy gentleman) has destroyed all confidence in the other parts of it.
            Between ourselves, my private opinion is that the Offices are tolerably well executed and that the poor men would not be overpaid although they should receive the full amount of the contract price, and even a trifle more, on account of the stones of the old houses which they say Dr. Livingston prevented them from using.....' [Folder 3, Stewart Society]


1848
29 October. Marriage of Anna Rebecca Charlotte Stewart to Miles Lockhart, Lismore, Argyll.

1853
22 October. Death of James Haldane Stewart, Rector of Limpsfield, son of Duncan Stewart VI.

1856
21 July. Birth of Robert Stewart Lockhart to Anna R. C. Stewart and Miles Lockhart, Lismore, Argyll

1858
26 May. Birth of James Haldane Stewart Lockhart to Anna R. C. Stewart and Miles Lockhart, Lismore, Argyll.

1859
2 December. Birth of John Ingram Lockhart to Anna R. C. Stewart and Miles Lockhart, Lismore, Argyll

1861
2 December.  Birth of Douglas Francis Pigott Lockhart, to Anna R. C. Stewart and Miles Lockhart, Saint Thomas, Douglas, Isle of Man.

1862
30 April. John Stewart of the firm of John Stewart & Co. Old Post Office Court, Glasgow, residing at Montague Place, Bath Street there, gets Bond and disposition for £1,000 by Charles Stewart of Ardsheal, presently residing at Castle Town Terrace, Douglas, Isle of Man, 25 April 1862, over the lands of AAA&L. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3209 f. 149]

1863
2 November. The English and Scottish Law Life Insurance Association get Bond and Disposition for £1,000 and premium of insurance by Charles Stewart of Ardsheal, 24 October 1863 of lands of AAA&L and in further security thereof, Assignation to Bond and said Disposition for £4,000 by Ann Balfour [1788 above] and £1,750 by William Lockhart [1786 above] secured over the said subjects. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3311 f. 12]

1864
22 October. Robert Tennant of Seacroft Lodge near Leeds, gets Bond and Disposition for £1,000 by Charles Stewart of Ardsheal [at Douglas, Isle of Man as 1862 above] over the lands of AAA&L. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3377 f. 4]

1865
22 June. The English and Scottish Law Life Insurance Association get Bond and Disposition for £1,000 as 1863 above. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3429 f. 21]
3 August. Birth of Annie Maude Lloyd Lockhart, to Anna Stewart and Miles Lockhart, Saint Thomas, Douglas, Isle of Man.
18 August. Ardsheal Estate offered FOR SALE at auction by Lyon & Turnbull, Edinburgh. Printed sale particulars as Appendix here. [Stewart Society, Folder 4 1850-1900]
27 August. The English and Scottish Law Life Insurance Association get Bond and Disposition for £700 as 1863 above. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3481 f. 152]

1867
13 February. The English and Scottish Law Life Insurance Association get Bond and Disposition for £1,000 as 1863 above. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3542 f. 63]
3 June. Robert Tennant of Seacroft Lodge near Leeds gets Bond and Disposition for £1,000 and premiums by Charles Stewart of Ardsheal and Rebecca Charlotte Stewart and Miles Douglas her husband, [all three] residing at Douglas, Isle of Man. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3572 f. 125]
26 September. Robert Tennant of Seacroft Lodge [as 1864 above] get Bond and Disposition for £1,000. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3593 f. 12]

1868
19 February. Robert Tennant of Seacroft Lodge [and others as 3.6.1867 above] get Bond and Disposition for £600. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3626 f. 5]
5 May. The English and Scottish Law Life Insurance Association with consent of Robert Tennant and Miles Lockhart, get Bond and Disposition for £1,000 30 April and 2 May 1868 . [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3639 f. 108]
11 November. John Barclay, Randerston, Kingsbarns parish, Fife gets Assignation 29 October 1868 by The English and Scottish Law Life Insurance Association [and all previous Bonds secured over AAA&L]. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3682 f. 180]
16 November. Tutors and Curators to the children of Ronald Macgreggor, WS, residing in Fort William, get Assignation, 9-11 November 1868 by the Governors of Cauvin's Hospital to Bond and Disposition and Assignation for £4,000 to the extent of £1,000 by Charles Stewart of Ardsheal, 10 November 1851, secured over AAA&L. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3686 f. 118]
15 December. Robert Tennant registers the Disposition to himself by Charles Stewart of Ardsheal, of AAA&L, under burdens. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3694 f. 164]
15 December. Charles Stewart, sometime of Ardsheal, now Douglas, Isle of Man, gets Bond and Disposition for £17,000 by Robert Tennant of Ballachulish and Seacroft Lodge, 10 November 1868 over lands of AAA&L. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3694 f. 169]
17 December. Charles Stewart of Ardsheal.... gets Assignation to Bond and Disposition for £17,000 by Robert Tennant to the Trustees for the behoof of Elizabeth Smith, relict of William Mitchell and others. [NAS. Argyll Sasines RS3 Vol. 3695 f. 76]

1869
?Death of Charles Stewart of Ardsheal.
13 September. Assignation by Charles Stewart late of Ardsheal now at Douglas, Isle of Man to the Trustees of the deceased John Jopp, WS, £800 of the Bond (dated 10 November, recorded 15 December 1868) for £17,000 by Robert Tennant of Ballachulish and also the lands of AAA&L, dated 7 September 1869. [NAS. Argyll Sasines Vol. 5 f. 119]
8 November. Trust Disposition by Charles Stewart late of Ardsheal now at Douglas, Isle of Man with consent, containing inter alia an Assignation by him to the Trustees for purposed therein specified, to the extent of £13,500 of Bond (dated 10 November registered 15 December 1868) for £17,000 by Robert Tennant of Ballachulish  and lands of AAA&L, dated 28 October 1869. [NAS. Argyll Sasines Vol. 6 f. 24]

1870
8 April. Assignation and Bond of Corroboration and Disposition in security containing Assignation by Ann Stewart, residing in Ardsheal, widow and her only child, Anna Rebecca Charlotte Stewart or Lockhart and Miles Lockhart, residing in London.

1872
1 June. Disposition by Robert Tennant of Ballachulish to Alexander Dunlop Anderson, merchant. Liverpool of;
    I. Parts of the lands of Ardsheal consisting of the mansion house and farm of Ardsheal, Kentallan crofts and cottages, Smithy and land to the west of the public road c.510 acres.
    II. Three merk land of Achachar c. 556 acres 'which lands and others thereby disponed shall in future be comprehended in and designed and known by the one general name of "The lands and Estate of Ardsheal" under burden of allowing Ann Stewart, sister to Charles Stewart, late of Ardsheal, to occupy rent free the cottage and garden at present possessed by her, during her life' Dated 28 May 1872. [NAS. Argyll Sasines Vol. 26 f. 133 and 139]
1 June. Deed of Restriction by;
    I. Governors of Cauvin's Hospital as having right to ¾ and the tutors and curators to children of deceased Ronald MacGreggor W.S. having right to ¼ of the heritable security created by the Bonds dated 10 Nov 1851 (£1,000), 19 April 1867 (£1,000) and 26 July 1868 (£600) and
    II. Factor to Mary Lees having right to heritable security created by Bonds of 2 Aug 1851 (£1,200) and 31 Mar and 3-6 Apl 1870 (amount?)
Disburdening of the said several Bonds and restricting the securities contained in those Bonds to the lands and others not disburdened [i.e. the larger estate around the house?] dated 10, 13, 14 and 15 May 1872. [NAS. Argyll Sasines Vol. 26 f. 145]
13 June. Deed of Restriction by the Trustees under the Trust Disposition by Charles Stewart of Ardsheal, now living in Portobello with the consent of Miles Lockhart, late of Clifton House, Douglas, Isle of Man now at 1 Northumberland Court, Strand, London and his wife Anna R. C. Stewart of Ardsheal, disburdening of Bond dated 10 Nov for £17,000 by Robert Tennant of Ballachulish on the lands of AAA&L, restricting said Bond to £3,000 to which extent the said Trustees have now right thereto - to the lands and others therein not disburdened. Dated 7 and 10 June 1872. [NAS. Argyll Sasines Vol. 27 f. 6]

1873
1 April. Bond for £8,000 and disposition in security by A. D. Anderson, merchant, Liverpool to the Trustees of the deceased Charles Stewart Parker Tennant of Wellpark Brewery, Glasgow, of the lands and estate of Ardsheal. Dated 29 March 1873.  [NAS. Argyll Sasines Vol. 33 f. 97]

1874
22 May. Assignation by Marriage Contract, Trustees of Alexander Monypenny Lindsay, advocate now residing in London and Mary Sproat, to said AML to extent of £2,300 [lists Bonds]. [NAS. Argyll Sasines Vol. 47 f. 19]

1876
14 September: 'G. W. and the Misses Anderson of Ardshiel; W. D. Anderson   Ardshiel  attend the Argyll Gathering at Oban [Scotsman 14 Sept. 1876]

1877
14 November.
Assignation by Alexander Monypenny Lindsay to the Trustees and Executors of Mary Barclay of £2,350 [lists Bonds] dated 9 November 1877. [NAS. Argyll Sasines Vol. 86 f. 57]

1881
June. Set of plans for alterations to Ardsheal House. Unsigned but dated in Oban. [Ardsheal muniment box]

1883
26 March. Notary Instrument. Trustees of deceased Alexander Dunlop Anderson, merchant, Liverpool of the lands and estate of Ardsheal on extract General Trust Disposition and Settlement dated 9 March 1877 recorded in the Books of Council and Session 31 January 1883 by said ADA. [NAS. Argyll Sasines Vol. 154 f. 85]

1892
Group photograph of the lawn Tennis Club, St. John's College, Oxford includes A. P. Cameron. [St. John's College Ref. 16/18]

1893
? Failure of the dam was caused by the spillway being insufficiently large for an abnormal spate. [Document 'Rebuilding the Dam on Kentallan Burn' in Ardsheal muniment box]

1902
26 JUNE: CORONATION OF EDWARD VII.

1906
2 January. Letter from Donald Macgreggor, [DM hereafter] solicitor to Messrs. Bannatyne, Kirkwood,  France & Co to Alexander Patrick Cameron [APC hereafter] advising him that Ardsheal is now offered for sale, on 21 February next. He encloses a cutting of the advert from The Scotsman [not here]. [Ardsheal muniment box. NOTE, replies by APC are almost always drafts, in pencil and may not correspond exactly with the letters actually sent]
Un-dated. Sale particulars for the Ardsheal Estate by Bannatyne, Kirkwood, France & Co, 145 West George Street, Glasgow. Alexander Shairp, land Agent, Oban.
    House described as having '12 bedrooms, 4 servant's rooms, 4 public rooms, billiard room, bath room, box room and a napery room, butler's and housemaid's pantries, kitchen and scullery, larder, servant's hall, 2 storerooms, wince cellar, wash house and laundry, boot room, coal cellar etc'.
    There are about 10 acres of pleasure grounds and garden around the house, laid out in grass and shrubberies, and containing many valuable conifers and deciduous trees, many of them of great age. The garden is well arranged and effectively netted against rabbits, it has ample vegetable beds with herbaceous borders containing many rare plants'.

Accompanied by a plan of the estate. [Ardsheal muniment box]

15 January. Reply from APC to DM. Arranges to meet DM at his office. 'I thought, subject to your approval, it may be advisable to make a good offer soon and say that failing acceptance I would not attend the auction. Can you obtain a copy of the articles of roup against our meeting?'
31 January. Letter from DM to APC. The estate of Ardsheal purchased for £20,000 Stg. by APC [and his wife Flora, nee McNeil] 21 Cleveland Square, Hyde Park, London, from the Trustees of the late A. D. Anderson, with entry from Whitsunday. Excluding 500 acres disponed to Chinnery Haldane. The occupants allowed to stay until 28 May. Included in the sale 'all the ranges, grates and other fixtures and fittings in the Mansion House'. [Box. Rolled Bundle]
7 February. Copy of a letter from Dr. Anderson, Ardsheal to Mr. Bannatyne, Glasgow. Referring to a cottage on the estate which still had a lease to run for 2-3 years. 'The mother of the present occupant was a pauper and according to Highland custom, was allowed to sit rent free. The cottage was what is known as a 'black house' i.e. a butt and ben of the beehive type. The cottage had been re-roofed by her daughter, who began to pay a small rental. This is not to be confused with Ardsheal cottage which is vacant. [Box. Rolled Bundle]
17 February. Notes taken at a meeting with Dr. Anderson at Ardsheal. He offers Mr. Cameron a billiard table, a large teak wood gong-stand (no gong) and a thrashing mill, engine and saw bench. [Mr. Cameron did not want the gong stand as he had one but he took the Billiard table for £50, which had been supplied in 1874 by Thurson of London at £150.
This document lists and names all of the staff in post. The coachman Duncan McCallum 'It cannot be said that he is addicted to drink but he is easily led...though he has a glass in excess he is a capable driver. It affects his speech but it does not seem to affect his driving capacity'

Allan Killup 'this man is old. He has been gardener for the last thirty years. He is not a satisfactory man and is not recommended'. John Salmaine is the under gardener and he has a cottage, which he would like to get if he is not kept on. He was kept on and promoted to head gardener There is a lodge keeper and there are three other houses noted, 'Double House, Burnside House and Tighanraid' [Ardsheal Muniment Box. Rolled Bundle]
21 February. SALE of Ardsheal estate, by auction in Glasgow.
3 May. The sale of the contents etc. is to be on the 17 May.
11 May. Letter from A. P. Cameron [APC]. He requests that Dr. Anderson leave the plans made when the house was enclosed, as they would be of use.
15 May. Letter from D. Macgreggor [DM] to APC. 'With regard to an architect for the alterations, I may tell you in confidence that there is not one here that I can recommend'. More...
18 May. Letter from APC to D. Macgreggor. He asks for a recommendation for an architect in Glasgow or Edinburgh. 'Having been in the house only as a visitor & never having gone over it, I have no idea of the extent of the work to be done but at least the structure wood and the drains must be examined and estimates made of the repairs, painting and papering. Probably certain alterations may be necessary: perhaps some additions may be advisable but these points can only be considered after Mrs. Cameron and I have visited the house'.
19 May. Disposition by the Trustees of the deceased Alexander Dunlop Anderson, of the mansion house of Ardsheal to A. P. Cameron. [NAS. Argyll Sasines Vol. 447 f. 193]
22 May. D. Macgreggor to APC. He sends a plan of the house and refers to minor items that might be purchased. Two peacocks and a pea hen, 7 curtain brass poles in the drawing room etc.
20 June. D. Macgreggor to APC. He has now received the plans of the proposed alterations from Mr. Falconer, Fort William and he send them with the former plans and his letter. Falconer has suggested lining the walls of the gardener's cottage with white wood, four feet high. The gardener is living in the mansion house.
22 June. Letter from APC to D. Macgreggor. Refers to the architect's plans but talks of 'Mr. Fowler's report'. In response to this he suggests:
Repairs to the roof at the south end and the windows and doors

    "The oriel windows on first floor are a decided improvement. I would prefer to have the court open to begin with. The plans showing the alterations are ingenious and on the whole very satisfactory.'

    The butler's pantry is too small. Is it possible to throw the store and wine cellar into one room, closing the present door to the store and entering by the wine cellar door? The wine cellar might be put where the butler's pantry is marked on the plan
.
    Please remove the partition between the man servant's room and the maid's room and build up the door between the large and small maids room. We would like to have wood floors laid in these rooms.

    Will the passage from the back entrance in the new part be bright and airy? otherwise the heat and steam from the wash house will reach the larders.

    First floor plan. Mr. Fowler talked of removing the hot water cistern from the dressing room marked X. If such is still his intention I should like to use that room as Photo room and would require a sink with cold water laid on placed at the window and the door to the bedroom should be closed.

    Attic plan. As bedroom A is to be used as a dressing room please make a door through to bedroom B

    
Sundries. Oak floor Hall. Tiles porch, Parquet floor Drawing room. Dress and stain floor higher dressing room. Swing doors far end upstairs passage and at exit.
7 July. D. Macgreggor to APC. Mr. Falconer is preparing the single plan of the alterations.
9 July. APC to D. Macgreggor (in pencil on reverse of his previous) I hope Mr. [James G.] Falconer [JGF] will hurry up with the final plans, I am anxious to get the men started at work
11 July. Letter from APC at Pitnacree House, Ballinling, Perthshire to JGF.  He wants a larger kitchen range, perhaps an Eagle but he has written to London for the name of one recommended.
    'Hall. We should like an ordinary oak boarded floor and also as suggested by you, an oak panelled dado and an oak main stair but before deciding on the timber I shall be glad to hear what is about the percentage difference in the cost of such work when done in pine or in oak'.

    Water supply. Please put down the tank piping &c in accordance with your suggestion.

    Bells. Please have an electric bell system

    Baths. Cast iron vitreous enameled with a separate and independent boiler

    Radiators. I have no experience but if you can recommend them let them be put in

    Special fittings. Mrs. Cameron wants white wood mantel pieces in the Adam style in both drawing rooms in place of the marble ones now there.

13 July. Letter from J. Kinninmont & Sons, 'builders, decorators, upholsterers, contractors for electric lighting' 26 Chilworth St., London. Regarding the supply of the 'Quadrant' range, pattern no. 200 H on p. 156 of their catalogue enclosed. Offering a discount of 10%.
13 July. Letter from JGF to APC.
    Kitchen Range. Need not hurry with the selection as it will not be needed for some time. He recommends the Eagle.
    
Hall. The difference in price between American oak and Pitch Pine would not be great as Pitch pine is extremely dear meantime. Differences give e.g.- £15 for main stair.
    Radiators. He strongly recommend these 'in a house on the west coast where our climate is damp & especially if a house is shut up during the winter months.
    Chimney pieces - he will have designs submitted to Mrs. Cameron for approval.
    He will soon send the finished plans with the alterations to the butler's pantry as requested and get specifications. I assume you will have pine for the bedrooms, which can be painted or varnished.

    The present small turbine will be no use for the dynamo and besides, the present reservoir is in a very bad condition. He suggests a suction Gas engine as made by Messrs. Crossley Brothers.

APC reply verso. Kitchen Range. The Quadrant has come into favour of late years in London...and is being fitted in many west end houses. He sends the catalogue and asks JGF to make the decision. Our size would be 5' x 5'.

    Hall. He would like oak for the floor, dado and stair, pine for the bedrooms

    
Baths, pure white inside and outside.
    Let us have a suction gas engine for the dynamo

13 July. Letter from D. Macgreggor to APC. He referred previously to a possible profit of £2,000 on the estate if he chose to sell. He now agrees with APC that he should keep all offers quiet and if asked, say the estate is not for sale.

17 July. Letter from JGF to APC. He agrees that the Quadrant range is cheaper although the Eagle has advantages in that it has a row of hot closets along the top. He sends a catalogue for another range, the 'Simplex', made at Falkirk but he suggests that if his cook is familiar with the Quadrant, then he should perhaps choose that.
    He encloses a sketch of the oak panelling for the hall and suggests removing the doors to the Dining room and the Business room 'which front towards the hall' and using theme elsewhere, replacing them with oak doors. Painted doors would spoil the effect. The finished plans will soon be ready and he is making detailed ones for specifications. He suggests calling in on APC as he is in Blairgowrie with his family.

18 July. Letter from APC's to JGF. His cook is using a Simplex and says it is good. Kinnmont the builder and decorator 'who does my work in London' suggested the Quadrant as being up to date. JGF can decide on a Simplex or a Quadrant.
    He is well pleased with the design for the oak panelling and agrees about moving the doors and replacing with oak. A visit at present does not appear necessary.

30 July. APC to D. Macgreggor. He has the plans and he sends them al to DM. He wants to occupy the house next July. Discussion about re-siting radiators, in both drawing rooms from the windows to the side walls, as Mrs. Cameron wants to have window seats. Other observations about plugs and switches in the drawing room etc. bedroom No. 1 is to be used as a schoolroom and No. 2 as a day nursery so one two light pendant in each would be sufficient.
2 August. Letter from JGF to APC. Mackenzie and Moncur have quoted for the electric lighting and heating but APC considers them too expensive. JFG defends them saying he asked them for a rough idea and that they are very dependable but he will look into the mater of estimates.
    'I have sent you today under separate cover two catalogues of chimney pieces & it is quite possible that Mrs. Cameron & you may see in these similar to what you would like for both Drawing Rooms. I have not a catalogue beside me meantime showing chimney pieces in Adam's style but if you fail to find anything suitable in the ones sent by me I will get an Adam's catalogue for you.

    There is at present a fireplace in the Hall which I think would be a good thing to leave even although you have a heating system as the chimney helps the ventilation, but if you wish, I can do away with the fireplace carrying the panelling right over it. If you do wish to retain it kindly see if you can find a chimney piece in the catalogues sent to suit your taste. This will require to be in oak to match the other woodwork in the hall.

Pinned to this letter a note. Asks to retain the fireplace in the Hall and put in an oak chimney piece 'something in the style of [Garvill] no 724[729?] but without an overmantel'.
Same date, further letter from same to same, enclosing a few designs [not here] for parquet flooring for the lower drawing room. The letter annotated in pencil [by APC], 'No. 39'.
22 August. Letter from JGF to APC. He has sent tradesmen's estimates to the solicitor, DM. He included a Butler's press in the joiner work, eight feet long by the height of the pantry with hinged doors in the lower portion and sliding doors with glass fronts in the upper. Also a space between them as a table for cleaning silver. He also included a sink in the photographie [sic] room with a rack for plates.
    Mason, joiner, plumber, slater, plaster and cement work £2,909.10.1

    This does not include the lighting, heating and radiators [pencil total of £3,153.16.10]

    Electric lighting, engine say £1,000

    Radiators £39

    Bells £39

    Painting and paper hanging £110

    Parquet floor for drawing room £30.

    Total £4,235.10 [pencil total £4479.16.10]

    [The hand in this letter is very large and cautious. There appears to be a problem with JGF]

25 August. Reply by APC on verso in pencil. He wants to go ahead with the work although the aggregate figure is more than he wanted to spend. The furnishings in the butler's pantry and darkroom he approves. He hopes for a 'good job quickly put through'.
1 September. Letter from JGF to APC. He promises a first class job throughout 'if I am spared' [this suggests he may not have been well]
    'MacDougal' has started operations. He went to Oban to see D & J MacDougal to explain all the detailed drawings. He wishes to act as his own inspector of the works although this is more than he generally does to save on the expence.

6 September. Letter from D. Macgreggor to APC. He was at Ardsheal with Falconer and they decided to use a portion of the byre for the electric lighting machinery etc. It is close to the turbine wheel. They were looking at the ground level in front of the house. At present it is 12 inches above floor level. It would be very desirable to have it from 9 to 12 inches lower. I asked Mr. Falconer to give me a sketch showing an open area along the wall forming the lawn in front into an island. He sends it. The proposed area is 4ft. 6in wide. I know that you will have considerable hesitation in going in for this improvement, for fear it will interfere with the creepers in front. There is a risk that it will but I think they could be saved if the work were done during the winter.
    He sends estimates from Mackenzie & Moncur and Crosslees Bros. Ltd. Also letters from Messrs. Hollis Bros. & Coy. As to parquet flooring and designs.

    
He quotes a letter to him from Falconer, asking APC to specify for painting, papering etc. Falconer continued '...if he would like the oak work French polished or varnished. If varnished I think it ought to get a coat of dead flat varnish for the finishing coat so as to give it the appearance of a dull polish. I am strongly of opinion that a gloss varnish for oak work gives it a 'shoddy' appearance but these are matters for Mr. Cameron's consideration'.
    Falconer specified Keenes pure white cement polished, for the walls of the scullery, back passages, larders, servants WC, boot room and laundry. He suggests they do not need to be coloured and in any case, the Keenes cement is laid over two coats of Portland cement, which takes some time to dry.

    D. Macgreggor ends 'The tradesmen are busy taking down the old house and they will be ready to lay the foundation of the new wall in a few days'.

8 September. Letter from APC to JGF. 'Ground Level' This must be put right in accordance with the sketch. I am much surprised that the ground should be above the floor level and fear it may be due to an outcrop of rock. Possibly it may only be an accumulation from the midden which probably was opposite the door in prehistoric times. Electric lighting and heating 'We may as well accept Mackenzie & Moncur's tender'.
    Paint & Paper work. 'We should like the Drawing room, Dining room, Business & Billiard room finished with enamel paint. The Drawing room White. The woodwork in the upper rooms painted in the ordinary way. I think the long passage up stairs should be painted and the one down stairs distempered but with a view to west coast climate, I should like Mr. Falconer's opinion.

    Oak work. 'We should like it slightly darkened and without any gloss beyond the natural polish. If practicable avoid even dead flat varnish'.
Un-dated note 'Wallpapers' in APC's hand, previously pinned to the above. He has no old account to go by but he suggests about 5/- for Drawing, Dining & Business rooms and 1/6 per piece for the bedrooms. In the newly plastered rooms, he wants to hold off papering for a year.

10 September. Letter from DM to APC. 'I am glad that the ground level in front is to be lowered as, apart from hygienic reasons it will improve the appearance of the house. I have asked Mr. Falconer to see that every care shall be taken to preserve the creepers...would it not be well to put eyebolts in the new wall with the view to creepers being reared up against it?'
    Would you not be well to go the length of 2/- per piece for paper for some of the better bedrooms?

15 September. Minute of Agreement for additions and alterations at Ardsheal House, signed by A. P. Cameron and the Contractors. [Ardsheal muniment box]
19 September. Progress report from JGF to APC. The greater part of the walls of the new wing are 6ft above floor level. The heating chamber is being excavated but there may be some delay because of the need to remove rock. The tile floor in the hall has been lifted and the brick division between present scullery and store has been removed. Timber for rough lintels and all roofing spars were expected tomorrow & I will have a good squad of joiners started to re-roof the old wing. Tradesmen on site: 11 builders, 12 labourers, 3 carters and 1 joiner.
19 September. Letter from JGF to APC. Thanks him for a letter [not here] giving instructions for staining the floors. He hopes the good weather will continue and that the masons can get on with the building.
22 September. Letter from D. Macgreggor to APC. He refers to the possibility of using cast iron pipes for the sewage rather than fire clay. Would add £24 to cost. He encloses a card from Messrs. Robert Forbes & Sons, General House Furnishers here. 'No doubt you will be taking your principal furniture from London but may require some things locally...'
26 September.
Letter from JGF to APC. Upper floor joists are laid in new wing, over the boot room, laundry and wash house and the masons are well advanced with the wall opposite new portion of back corridor. The heating chamber has now been excavated fully. Joiners have started to re-roof the old wing.
    With reference to the painter work. 'I find that the walls of the Dining room are at present covered with a 'flock' paper having a raised pattern which has been oil painted. This paper is in very good condition & if you cared it could be re-painted, but possibly Mrs. Cameron and you would prefer to have this paper removed & a pattern paper substituted'. Goes on to talk about moving grates and providing new ones for Hall etc.

27 September. Reply from APC in pencil, verso. He asks to have the Dining room paper removed and replaced with a patterned one. For the fireplace in the hall 'we should like a 'dog' grate and the fire place lined on sides, back and hearth with dull red unglazed tiles. I don't know the made name for these tiles but Liberty & Co. put them in our London drawing room and they look very well. We leave you to decide the size of the opening.' He and Mrs., Cameron hope to visit Ardsheal in October.
2 October. Letter from D. Macgreggor to APC. He sent specifications for painter and paper work and electrical.
3 October. APC's reply, pinned to above. Specification for Painting and Papering. This seems in order and we shall follow Mr. Falconer's suggestion as to choosing papers in London. Parquetry floor. Accepts estimate from Hollis Bros.
9 October. Letter from D. Macgreggor to JGF. D & J MacDougal agree to do the excavations in front of the house for £10.10.
    Refers to getting estimates for papering and painting. Mr. Gray is the only reliable one in the place [Oban]. 'He does all my work and he gives me every satisfaction'. Mr. Alex Robertson, Painter Stevenson Street is a decent man and you can invite him to offer.

19 October. Mr. and Mrs. Cameron arrive at Ardsheal on a visit to inspect the work.
22 October. Letter from Alexander L. Gray & Sons regarding painting and papering. He lists the four London houses he deals with -
    Arthur Sanderson & Sons,  52 Berners Street off Oxford St. W
    I Hine & Sons, 213-215 Tottenham Court Rd. W
    Essex & Co. 114-116 Victoria St. Westminster. SW
    Chas. Knowles & Co, 164 Kings Rd. Chelsea. SW
    Men will be sent on Wednesday to begin stripping and preparing inside and also first coat on outside woodwork.

2 November. JGF Report to APC. The old front wing has been completed in the roofing and the two oriel windows finished. The greater portion of the roof has been fitted onto the new south wing and portions of the same have been slated. The walls of the tower have been completed and the roof is in course of being finished. The back wall of the passage on the ground floor leading from the old to the new wing has been completed and roofed. The new back wing containing cloak room, bathroom etc. is ready for the roof.

    Various slappings of walls at Hall have been completed and iron beams fitted in.

    The plaster work has been picked off the walls of the kitchen, scullery, & back corridor and made ready for cementing. The plasterer has completed the outside cementing on a considerable portion of the new wing & the mason is busy excavating the area in front of the house. The mason has yet to complete the small extension on the left side of main entrance door but the hewn work is ready.

    Number of men on site- 7 builders, 8 joiners, 2 plumbers, 1 slater, 2 plasterers, 3 painters, 10 labourers and 3 carters.

12 November. JGF Report to APC. 'It will do very well to forward the chimney pieces addressed to Messrs. D & I MacDougal, Ardsheal.... Do you wish to dispose of the old marble chimney pieces? He may have a customer. Refers to Mackenzie & Moncur and a list of fittings. He suggests they can select these, possibly from General Electric Co. Victoria Street, London, but to keep in mind that they should correspond to the 'bronzing' mentioned as switches have already been ordered to match.
    Regarding papering He notes 'I have no doubt you will keep in mind that the Dining Room is somewhat defective in light. I may mention here that the painter has had the greatest possible difficulty in getting off the old paper from the walls of this room and its removal has taken away in some places the finishing coat of plaster adhering to it...'

    Goes on to discuss bell pushes and that he is getting a sketch ready for some alterations to the old byre, to adapt it for an Engine & Accumulator house.

November. Schedule of special fittings switches etc. from Mackenzie & Moncur Ltd. Of interest: Porch Florentine Bronze, Hall, Oxidized Copper, Dining Room, Oxidized Silver, Drawing room, polished brass. Many other details and quantities. References to General Electric catalogue numbers.

20 November. Letter from APC to JGF. The mason has completed the tunnels for the hot water pipes and all alterations on mason work inside the house have been completed. Joiners have just about completed as far as they can go until the plaster dries. Room doors, stairs etc. have been put in hand. Plumber has completed all outside work connected with roof. Fitting up copper supply pipes for baths etc. Slater has finished his department. Plasterer has practically finished outside plaster work. 'The rooms in the old wing which was re-roofed have been finished in plaster work & cornices run'. 'The Painter stripped all old papers off the walls....'  They have stopped because of the dust but expect to finish new rooms after New Year. Work is further advanced than mentioned in building agreement.
24 December. Letter from JGF to APC. The chimney pieces have arrived safely. 'As you are aware there are two different designs, one with fluted pillars & the other of a plainer  description'. Which is to go where? Asks about fire grates. The lower drawing room has one, is there to be one in the upper?
26 December. Letter from APC to JGF. Refers to electric fittings - all now selected and he asked for list to be sent to Mackenzie & Moncur. Chimney pieces. The large one is for the upper Drawing room, the smaller one for the lower. 'The man from whom we bought them said they should have three coats of paint put on thin but no doubt Gray knows well how such work should be done. They are to be white and Mrs. Cameron thinks they should not be too shiny  but your good taste will dictate the instructions to the painter'. Grates. We should like dog grates for both rooms. 'Will you please select one for the higher room: we are under the impression that the dog grate  in the lower level room is still serviceable' You will remember we want dull red tiles round sides and back and I fancy for the hearths also. Perhaps you could send in by post a sample?'
Un-dated. 'Wall-Paper for Ardsheal' Lists all of the papers for the various rooms with catalogue numbers and prices.

1907
25 January. Report from JGF to APC. Things drawing to completion.
28 January. Letter from D. Macgreggor to APC. Refers to a payment to the joiner, John McInnes of Ballachulish. Discussion about staff.
7 February. Letter from D. Macgreggor to APC. He has been to Ardsheal. The new staircase and panelling have not yet been erected in the hall as these works cannot begin until the plaster is dry. The material is ready for putting up which should be done in about six weeks time.
12 February. Report from JGF to APC. He encloses two sketches for fire grates and dogs. He refers to them later 'you need not return the tracings of the dog grates as I have the catalogue beside me'.  'No. 1. I have already used for the Chief of your clan in Achnacarry castle & it has given satisfaction' . He refers to variations on the design and suggests 'Lochiel' would have them all plain[ is he the blacksmith?] he suggests the dogs could be cast in brass etc. etc. McDougal has supplied a price for the dull red tiles. Refers to grates for the new bedrooms, to have tile cheeks or simply black iron. He enclosed a catalogue and suggests a plain Kinnaird grate on pp. 247, 8, 9, adapted for tile cheeks. He proposes moving the old grate in the drawing room for one of the bedrooms. Back to the Simplex range for the kitchen.
13 February. Reply from APC attached. 'Mrs. Cameron likes No. 1 very much for the Hall but would prefer it all kept to the plain black, no brass or polished metal and with the two intermediate bars plain, not twisted. For the upper Drawing room No.2 all finished black  both grate and dogs excepting the balls on the top of the dogs and the little balls above the bars which are to be polished brass'.
    'Bedroom grates. Rooms nos 14 & 15 and the 2 rooms on ground floor being servant's rooms should be fitted with what you consider suitable plain & strong. Room 13 Square Kinnaird page 244. Rooms 2 & 3 are to be Nurseries & if new grates are required we should like them with hobs something like plate 19 page 240. For other bedrooms requiring grates we would like cheeks with tiles Plate 71 page 247. I am glad you will use the upper drawing room grate for one of the bedrooms.

    Kitchen Range. Simplex on page 205 without tiles.

    Dull red tiles for hearths can be used wherever such is required'.

28 March. Letter from DM to APC. He notes that the Cameron's may take a run north after the front staircase has been erected.
4 April. Letter from D. Macgreggor to APC. He has been to Ardsheal and is annoyed that the works are held back. 'There is nothing done to the staircase nor to the Hall floor yet'.  The plumbers are holding things up as they are at the lavatory off the Hall.
    'Sarah McColl who lives in the house next to the ['Porter' inserted] Lodge, but on the opposite side of the road - the house that stands prominently apart on the right hand side of the Ardsheal road - is leaving...'

8 April. Letter from D. Macgreggorto APC. Refers to including a letter from JGF and a sketch is mentioned but it is not here. The chimney pieces have been damaged in transit - 'surely the Railway Company are responsible'.
12 April. Report from JGF to APC at the Hotel Imperial, Hythe. Ref. to marble slips for chimney pieces. The range is being built in by the masons. The joiners are completely finished except for the panelling and the staircase [!]. Refers to the water supply pipe from fountain head and the concrete reservoir at the same is now complete. many other points about the generator etc. he complains that the painter has been very slow and has not yet begun painting the new inside woodwork.  Refers to the coal being put under lock and key in the cellar. he has left off laying the parquetry floor in the drawing room until now so as to prevent marks. Will be complete in a week.
18 April. Letter from JGF to APC. Asks if he wants the woodwork in the bedrooms painted to match the ground colour of the paper or white. He has his instructions for painting the public rooms and oak work [not here]. APC replies in pencil, verso. Bedroom woodwork to be all white and 'all the cornice including the concave bit in the in the 2 drawing rooms to be kept white not picked out with colour'.
26 April. Letter from D. Macgreggor to APC. he has been to Ardsheal and things are well under way. The steps of the stair to the first floor are nearly finished and the parquetry work in the drawing room will be started next week.
4 May. Letter from D. Macgreggor to APC. The Cameron's will be visiting Ardsheal on Monday next.
21 May. Letter from JGF to APC. Refers to a letter from APC of 20th, not here. He refers to the press being put into position in the servant's stair and painted white. He is to have the joiner make a cornice for it.
    Drawing rooms. 'These friezes were specified but possibly Mrs. Cameron wanted them done away with. The depths given in the specification for friezes for Drawing rooms, Business room & Dining room was 10½ inches. There is also a frieze specified for the lower hall which I suppose has been forwarded but Mrs. Cameron seemed doubtful if it would be advisable to put up this frieze on account of the lowness of the ceilings together with the height of the panels, dado work, which does not leave much plain plaster between top of dado and cornices'.

    Several of the bedrooms have been papered and they look well. The painter has been complaining about the un-evenness of the floors in some of the old rooms, for varnished borders. Asks Mrs. Cameron to give him an idea of the width of borders for each room. He has specified about three feet broad all round but in some of the smaller rooms she may wish to have less.

24 May. Letter from APC to JGF. 'Messrs. Knowles are forwarding the frieze for the Drawing rooms - It had been chosen and ordered & it was due to an oversight that it was not sent with the others. With regard to the frieze for the lower hall Mrs. Cameron thinks that the ceiling being low, it may look better without it but if you think differently please put it up. In the event of no frieze being used in the Hall will you please decide whether or not to have it on the staircase and landing above'. Specific instructions for varnishing the bedrooms  and asks the painter to leave a pint of the stain so that he can varnish any white patches left uncovered by the carpets. He wants to do more work about the steading and asks if he can consult him once he is on the spot. new roof for the saw mill, doors for the coach house etc.
28 May. Letter from JGF to APC. He will attend to all the items mentioned. He has lodged a formal complaint with the painters and there are not enough of them. He will take on the other tasks re the steading etc, but suggests talking when he arrives.
31 May. Letter from JGF to APC. Regarding the friezes - he has had a letter from the painter which he encloses [not here]. he asks if they are the correct ones for the rooms in question 'and if so, do you wish picture rails round both these rooms or in any of the other public rooms'.
Undated reply from APC attached. 'We never meant to have a frieze or border below the cornice in either drawing room. It would be almost impossible to get one which would go with the papers, besides the rooms are too low to require friezes. The embossed frieze chosen & sent was intended for the comb in the upper drawing room only. If the men have cut the papers too short and a frieze is now necessary we must use the embossed one with a picture rod moulding placed under it but Mrs. Cameron would much prefer her original idea, that is, the wall papers carried up to the cornice in both drawing rooms. We thought there were brass picture rods in the two drawing rooms if not, we should like rods or rails there and also in the dining room'.
5 June. Letter from D. Macgreggor to APC. References to a shed being moved to where the midden is and tracing a pipe to the Spring Well, trying to catch it further up. Lachlan Kelly did so and this is above the proposed new entrance to the square. 'When the shed is removed and the hollow filled up and a straight road made, the place I think will have a much nicer appearance....They are to commence to dress up the avenue in a few days'.
    The Manager's House. A new manager has come and there are works required on his house to alleviate the damp. 'I explained to him that the ground at the back will require to be removed, and when this is done the house is bound to be much freer from damp...he is anxious to have the room lined with wood so as not to show the damp so much'. To cost £9.12.0. Estimate for unspecified work on the Porter's Lodge, £23.13.6
.
6 June. Reply from APC attached. 'but please remember that my idea is that all the drainage from the back of the steading must go to the front along with that from the stable and byre and not down the at the back of the garden as some is now doing. This will necessitate sinking the present main drain to the front perhaps a couple of feet deep - probably quarrying through the rock, and as it crosses the road it cannot be put in hand until we have got our furniture & coals into the house....' Asks him to go ahead with the wire fencing mentioned previously.
20 June. Letter from JGF to APC. He had visited the house and the parquetry floor layers are almost finished in the Drawing room. The joiners are almost complete with the Hall and will be complete by the 1st. The painters have not yet completed and they were holding off varnishing the borders in the bedrooms until the furniture arrived. 'I trust you will caution the men who come, along with the furniture, against damaging the varnished floors which means that they will require to wear slippers besides having pieces of packsheet laid on the floors'. The upper Drawing room is practically finished except the last coat of varnish on the floor & the effect of the light blue paper & white enamel is very pleasing'.
2 July. Refers to a rail at the top of the stair in the Manager's house to stop people falling over. Not possible without changing the staircase. 'It is practically a ladder at present'. About £5 to alter it.
The Cameron's probably arrived on 1 August.

1911
22 JUNE: CORONATION OF GEORGE V.

1920
11 March. Flora McNeill or Cameron, widow of Alexander Patrick Cameron on Probate dated 14 April 1909 and two codicils by said APC, [seised the mansion house of Ardsheal?]. [NAS. Argyll Sasines Vol. 447 f. 193]

1936
20 JANUARY: ACCESSION OF EDWARD VIII. ABDICATED 10 DECEMBER.

1937
12 MAY: CORONATION OF GEORGE VI.

1946
11 June. Estimate by D. Macleod & Sons, slaters plasterers and cement workers, Oban for work on Ardsheal house. 1.'Square tower - lift sheet lead at south corner repair woodwork where defective, renew this portion of lead if necessary, allowing 36ft. new lead.
    2. Repair lead gutter adjoining tower wall south west, strip and renew slates at same, making good defective lead.

    3. Renew portion of lead on dormer window

    4. Pick and point walls on Tower head with cement.

    5. Clean and cement wash all outer walls below Tower head (Cement wash mixed with water proofing liquid). [See 27 February 1949 below]

    6. Patch and repair lead work on flat roofs at Slated tower, supply and fix lead apron to be fitted, solder all cracks in lead sheets.

    7. Repair slates on Tower, fix wood battons and 14" zinc ridging on all angles securely fixed with galv. straps

    8. Overhaul all roofs replacing all missing and cracked slates, clean out all rhones, gutters and downpipes'

Total £101.9.6
[Ardsheal muniment box in envelope marked 'estimates for Mr. Beaton's house, 1948]

1947
18 November. Estimate from Donald Carmichael, Builder and Contractor, Appin for work on Watson's Cottage. Description. Also other estimates for plumber (Duncan Crawford & Son, Oban) and joiner work (John Black & Sons, Tynribbie, Appin). Warrant for work granted 27 February 1948.
17 December. Estimate by D. Macleod & Sons, slaters plasterers and cement workers, Oban for work on 'the Manager's house' [Mr. Beaton's].
    1. Take out defective grate in bedroom, cut away part of wood lining, rebuild in new tile grate, cement wall where lining has been removed and repair existing grate in opposite room (bedroom).

    2. Supply tile slab grate complete with tile hearth and kerb and C.T. fire.

    3. Kitchen, lobby and scullery. Sheet ceilings of same with plaster boards....

    4. Strip slates on dormer windows, renew wood fillets... [and roof repairs]...

    5. Lift portion of Kitchen floor and relay with concrete....form new concrete steps at front gate.

    6. Take out existing range in kitchen, take down stone lintel, form new opening with brick, build in new range, refix mantlepiece, coat new formed and sides with cement.

    7. Supply Apex range complete with tile covers.

    8. Supply copper HP boiler for same.

    9. Take down asbestos sheeting on Kitchen walls, cut all necessary holes for plumbers....

    10. Extension to bathroom roof, slate new portion...[etc].
[Ardsheal muniment box in envelope marked 'estimates for Mr. Beaton's house, 1948]

1948
27 February. Warrant for alterations to Watson's Cottage. One sheet of drawings by R. W. Campbell, architect, Oban for extension to the cottage [beyond offices on east side of road]. Plans, elevations, section and area plan.
12-14 May. Account from D. Macleod & Sons, Oban for work on the farm cottage occupied by Mr. McIntyre jun. taking out range in Kitchen and replacing with an Apex range with tile coves plate rack. £52.19.11.
May. Account from D. Macleod & Sons, Oban for work on Mrs. Tranor's cottage. Taking out and re-building room grate. £5.16.10.

31 May. Minor alts to chimney can. £3.2.4
1-14 June. Account from D. Macleod & Sons, Oban for work on [Mr.] McColl's house, Greenlake, Durror. £27.2.2. [Ardsheal muniment box in envelope marked 'estimates for Mr. Beaton's house, 1948]

1949
February. Estimate by D. Macleod & Sons, Oban for work on Ardsheal house.
    'To amount of a/c as per our offer 11 June 1946 to overhauling roofs [etc]. Less item 5 of estimate, cementing tower not completed'.

    Works include taking down and replacing conductors, replacing rhones at front of house with half-round rhone. £111.11.4 including previous account less item 5.

Same date. Work at Manager's House (Mr. Beaton's) as per estimate items 1-9 [17 December 1947 above].

Un-dated estimate for supplying and fitting a septic tank, [£?]6,600. No indication that this was undertaken. [Ardsheal muniment box in envelope marked 'estimates for Mr. Beaton's house, 1948]

1952
29 September. Paid for? plans by R. W. Campbell for Beaton's house, £12.12.0. [Pencil note on estimate at February 1949 above]
















































































Henry, Prince of Wales [1594-1612] by Robert Peake the Elder c. 1608 [Palazzo Real. Turin]
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