HOUGH/HUFF/Haugh, Haughe, Hauf, Haufe, Hauffe, Hauff, Huf, Huffe, Huff, Houfe, Houf,
Houffe, Houff, Hoghe, Hogh, Houghe, and all variants of the name
This commentary concerns those Houghs descended from the Chester of England bunch, probably from Richard del Hogh/Hough, a resident of Cheshire around the middle of the thirteenth century. It is dedicated to the descendants of those Houghs arriving from Cheshire to America with William Penn in 1683 and to their offspring, and to the earlier arrivals of the same name from the same area of England near the Welsh border, and, especially, to the HOUGHs who journeyed west, moving from the Eastern seaboard to the Carolinas, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas, distributing family members as citizens in each state through which they passed during their westward movement--becoming, immediately upon their exit from the North, SOUTHERNERS.
Viking, English, German, Scot, and Danish genes blended and became a part of these true blue, red blooded Americans. None sought or attained the highest of national political levels, but many made extremely valuable contributions to their neighbors, their communities, their states and their nation. Most of the group were Christians, dedicated to God, to family, and to their country. Most of them lived their religion and testimony of this was emblazoned in the stone placed upon their graves. Many of them were highly literate. All of the early American Houghs held the land and its produce in the highest of regard and worked industriously, to grow their crops, feed their families, and acquire comforts from nature's bounty by their own dedicated efforts. Houghs were not known to be lazy "no-gooders."
Today's U.S. citizens bearing the same Hough name, whatever the spelling, hold in their collective memories the efforts of their ancestors doing their part to create a nation out of a wilderness--to make a Republic, absolutely, deliberately, NOT a Democracy, out of a collection of colonies, to free themselves from the repressive rule of an all powerful, central government controlled by a King, and from the excessive taxes imposed on them by a government not of their choice.
Among these American Houghs was one by name of
NEEDHAM HOUGH, Great, Great, Great Grandfather of this author--J. Hough Harrington.
According to U.S. Census records, Needham HOUGH (pronounced Huff) was born in South Carolina, probably in the Chesterfield District, in 1778. He died in Chambers County, Alabama on Feb. 28, 1852. It is highly likely that he had a father involved in some manner in the Revolutionary War for Independence (1775-1783), as Needham was five years old at the conclusion of the war and had been born in and lived in a state heavily involved in the war.
He may even have had other relatives in the fight. Needham and his parents and, possibly, his siblings, lived in an area that seemed to move back and forth from Anson County, North Carolina to Chesterfield county, South Carolina. The Houghs lived on land bordering a river claimed by both counties and states at one time or the other. The area was later occupied by General William T. Sherman during his march through the Carolinas in the War for Southern Independence. The burning of court houses and churches by Sherman has seriously hampered all attempts to discover the identity of Needham's parents. To this date of 2008. the parents of Needham have not been positively identified by any Hough genealogist.
NEEDHAM HOUGH'S LINEAGE
DR. Granville Hough and Max Kenneth Hough, noted Hough/Huff/Hoff genealogists, have concluded that the father of Needham was likely to have been Joseph Hough, Jr. of the Carolinas, who was the Joseph Hough who was a Revolutionary War Patriot whose lineage can be traced back to either the earliest Houghs on the North American continent, tied to Atherton Hough who settled in Virginia or to the Pennsylvania Quakers, John and Hannah Hough who, in search of religious freedom, accompanied William Penn, along with a relative, Richard Hough, from Chester England on the Welsh border and assisted William Penn in the carving of the state of Pennsylvania out of an American wilderness.
Barbara Roesch, another noted Hough genealogist, has found indicators which lead to Richard Hough, as the ancestor of Needham. Richard Hough has long been considered to be the right hand man of William Penn. Penn, after the drowning death of Richard, penned a moving eulogy for Richard.
Recent Hough YDNA studies are presenting new evidence in 2008, that the Louisiana Houghs descended from Needham Hough are connected to a Hough appearing in North America before the arrival of the Pennsylvania Houghs. Of course all the Houghs pronouncing their name, down through history, as Huff are thought to have a common ancestor.
All of the Hough genealogists, however, seem to concur that Needham's link to the two Joseph Houghs of South and North Carolina is a true one, making his lineage:
Needham HOUGH of SC, NC, GA & Alabama
To Joseph HOUGH Jr. of SC & NC
To Joseph HOUGH Sr. of PA, SC & NC
To John & Hannah HOUGH of Cheshire, England and Bucks Co., PA
To Richard HOUGH & Margary CLOWS Hough
to a Hough arriving earlier in Virginia
HOUGHS IN THE YEAR 1066
It is Dr. Granville Hough's belief that the Cheshire Houghs arrived in England with William the Conqueror and were placed by William on the Welsh border to guard William's England from wild Welsh warriors. According to Granville, before their arrival in the British Isles, these particular Houghs may have lived in Flanders, the homeland of William's wife, Matilda.
Stan Hough, a Hough genealogist of note, living in the Chester area of England near Wales, has concluded from his studies that the Houghs arrived in England prior to William the Conqueror and were Vikings. The Houghs appearing with William may, also, have possessed Viking genes. YDNA test results of a number of American Hough males today show them matching with Hollingsworth males. Interestingly the Hollingsworth name was prevalent in the area around Chester where the records show the early English Houghs lived.
The Chester area Houghs have been found to have Viking genes, according to recent DNA studies of citizens, including Houghs, still remaining in that area and of Viking descendants living in Denmark. The YDNA test of a direct descendant of Needham's, my youngest Hough uncle, Marshall Vernon Hough, shows the same presence of Viking genes. The Chester area, itself still has a large number of Viking words used as place names. Vikings were known to inhabit that area at one time. even before William, also, of Viking lineage brought his own soldiers in from Viking territory, Normandy and Flanders. Viking raids occurred in the area long before some Vikings came to claim the land and make their homes.
THE NAME HOUGH
It should be noted here that in the days before William the Conqueror's invasion of England, surnames were not in use in the world. William, with his desire to know the identities of his new subjects, and to be able to determine just how much was owed him in taxes by them and by his men from Flanders and Normandy, insisted that all information concerning his citizens and their belongings be recorded in a "Domesday Book" (pronounced Doom's Day), a title most appropriate for a recording of folks destined to pay taxes. In order for the record to be made, last names for all people had to be selected, and so they were. The surname "Hough "was derived from the Old Norse word hoh, which means heel or projecting ridge of land--or the name may have been derived from the Old norse word haugr, which means hill or mound. Some Houghs took their name from their residence in places with the name.
The warriors accompanying William to England did not have last names, but had the name of places as a portion of their name used to separate them from others with identical first names. The name choice problem was aggravated by rules of the time. For example, Hugh, son of Richard d'Avranches was surnamed LUPUS (Wolf). Although a powerful man of Cheshire, Hugh was unable to use the surname of d'Avranches because his father yet lived. D'Avranches meant "of Avranches." Only a first son who inherited the father's property could inherit the name of the property. The other sons were forced to choose other names, usually that of the locale where they happened to live.
Today the name Hough is pronounce Hoe in Norfolk, England, Hoo in Kent, England, Hooe in Devonshire and Sussex, Hose in Leicestership, Jeugh in Northumberland and Durham and Huff in Cheshire and Derby. Some language specialists say that HOUGH was originally associated with folks living in a valley or on the side of a hill. Spelling variations of the name are many. (Needham's surname appears in various U.S. Census records spelled incorrectly as Haugh and Huff.)
A list of the elite commanders with Duke William at Hastings shows hundreds of men with d' or de as part of their last names. Among them were twenty with the first names of Hugue/Hugh. (Remembering that the Chester Houghs pronounced their names so that the 'gh" combined letters became "f", it is easy to relate "Hugh "to the current "Huff" pronunciation.) Any of the twenty Hugue/Hugh named men may have been the one who sired the dynasty in Chester, or the Hough ancestor might have been one of the 12,000 Standard bearers, men at Arms, yeomen, Freeman and men of other ranks who entered England with the man who became King. (Stan Hough, English genealogist publication found on MaxHuff.com site.)
HOUGHS IN THE CAROLINAS
According to Hough genealogist, Granville Hough, there is evidence that families from the early Quaker arrivals in Pennsylvania left there and transferred to North Carolina. Certainly some of the Hough PA settlers Joseph (Sr.), Daniel and Samuel Hough disappeared from the records in PA and men with the same names then appeared in NC around 1736. and 1748. The Anson County Houghs' names' were no longer evident in Quaker monthly meeting records. There were Houghs active in the Quaker meetings in Stoke and Surry counties, but not in Anson NC or Chesterfield, SC counties . The Stoke and Surry Houghs are thought to have been grandchildren, also, of John and Hannah of Pennsylvania & England.
In North and South Carolina, Needham associated with and lived close to members of the Joseph Hough, Jr. and Joseph Hough, Sr. families, lending credence to the presence of a familial relationship. Needham's selection of names for his own children were the same names as those found in the Joseph Hough, Sr. family, offering some evidence that Needham named his offspring after his own siblings.
Needham may have married at least twice; however, only the identity of his final marriage is known. Rebecca Blake, his known wife, was sixteen years younger than Needham. She was born about 1796 in North Carolina, according to the 1850 Census Record. No documentation of the marriage has been located, other than the Census record where she is recorded as residing with him when names of family members were listed. The marriage record may have gone up in one of the many blazes resulting from Sherman torches. Using the earliest known birth date of her Hough childrn, the marriage probably occurred prior to 1810.
Complicating research on the Needham Hough family in the Carolinas is the fact that another female named Rebecca was married to a Reuben HOUGH and lived in the same part of the Carolinas during the same time period as did Needham and his wife Rebecca. Suriving court records of that area do not differentiate between the two Rebeccas.
THE SOUTHERN MOVEMENT, WESTWARD TREK
Needham, Rebecca and most of their children lived in Chesterfield County, SC in 1820. In fact, most of the Hough children were born in Chesterfield, South Carolina. In 1830 the family lived in Newton County, GA, a county bordering Georgia. Needham and his family moved next to Talbot Country, GA (listed in Early GA Settler's 1700's-1800's; Index to 1820 Census, p. 233) and, finally moved to Chambers County, Alabama, Feb. 1852. Needham died in Chambers County, Alabama, Feb., 1852. Rebecca died in Chambers County on Jan. 5, 1867. (Granville Hough, Unpublished document,)
Most of Needham and Rebecca's children continued the Westward trek and wound up in the mid 1800's in North and Central Louisiana in the parishes of Ouachita, Claiborne, Natchitoches, Bienville and Rapides.
Despite efforts of others of the Carolina Houghs to migrate to Louisiana, only Needham's family members proved successful. Granville Hough attributed the successful migration of this particular branch of the Hough family to their development of "a natural immunity" to the diseases that attacked and killed other Houghs attempting the journey. There can be no doubt, but that the now Louisiana Houghs were a strong and sturdy bunch of Southerners, as most lived far beyond the average age. in that time period.
In the 1900's Needham's offspring were the only Hough inhabitants in the entire state of Louisiana. Needham and Rebecca had remained behind in Alabama but their children had completed their journey to Louisiana. Eventually, several generations later, some of Needham's descendants moved to Texas and on further west.
The children born in South Carolina of Needham Hough and wife, Rebecca Blake were:
1. Eli E. Hough (1812 SC- 1870 LA) married 1928 Phebe Unknown.
2. Joel T. Hough (3 Feb 1811 Chesterfield SC - 5 May 1857- Claiborne Parish, LA); married 23 Dec 1832 Malinda Rogers; married 15 Sep 1847 Delaney Wesley Jackson.
3. Wade Hampton Hough (12 Jan 1819 SC- 16 Nov 1911- Lake Charles, LA); married 1843 Catherine Louisiana Ruth Hill; married 1887 Hattie W. Dixon. (Wade served as Sheriff in Concordia Parish of Louisiana and later as a member of the Louisiana Legislature and as a Judge.
4. Samuel B, Hough 1823- 28 Oct 1855 -Rapides Parish, LA) married Sarah S. Elizabeth Farr.
5. John Calhoun Hough (1825 - 1855 in Ringgold, Louisiana).
6. Henrietta Hough (181 - 1874).
7. Georgiana Thomas Hough (?-?) married 15 Oct 1850 Joseph S. Worth, Chambers Co, AL
8. Elizabeth Hough
9. Jackson Hough ( ? -died 1842) born and died in Alabama
Georgiana and Elizabeth were thought to have been born in South Carolina, but no details concerning their birth and death have been uncovered. There has been some speculation that the girls may have been the offspring from an earlier marriage of Needham's. Upon Needham's death, Georgiana could not be located. She was not mentioned in his will, but was mentioned in certain of Needham's wife, Rebecca's papers.
THE WAR'S EFFECT ON THE HOUGHS' EDUCATION
Up until the time of the South's secession from the USA union and the South's formation of a sovereign nation, the Confederate States of America, Hough men seemed to have been afforded an education typical forfamilies living in a part of the nation wherein literacy was highly valued. In a time (late 1700's -early 1800's) when so many Americans signed their names only with an X on legal documents, Needham wrote a very fine hand. (a copy of his handwriting is in my possession). Needham's son, Wade Hough studied for the bar, and became a lawyer, certified by the state of Louisiana, and then, became a judge. He, also, served his district in the Louisiana Senate where he assisted in the drafting of the Louisiana Constitution in 1852 and, at a later time, voted against Secession.
Because of the high level of literacy among the Houghs, and their keen intellects, they, like most other Southerners, were cognizant of the attacks on the U.S. Constitution made by Lincoln and his Republicans (known now to have included many Marxists). The Hough's support of the Confederacy came only after Lincoln engineered the northern invasion of Fort Sumter. Wade, the guardian of Henry Clay Hough, my great grandfather, had represented his district of several Louisiana parishes and voted against secession. Once Louisiana decided to secede, Wade collected men and joined the Confederate military. He achieved the rank of Lt. Colonel before illness forced him to return home. He was not a young man and had little resistance to wartime diseases.
He was one of only eleven Louisianans who voted against Secession. He did so because he was convinced that the South lacked sufficient (1) preparation (2) materials (3) numbers of men to overcome an army which would consist of thrice the number of Southerners. He believed that further negotiations should be attempted before war was declared. He KNEW that THE SOUTH WAS RIGHT. He knew the South, just as any other segment of the U.S., had the right to secede. He knew, in fact that the New England States had, themselves, been but an eyelash bat from secession during the War of 1812. As a Southerner, as a lawyer, as one of thousands of literate, well educated Southerners, he knew that the Constitution, the Bill of Rights and the Articles of Confederation, as well as the Declaration of Independence itself, gave Southerners the right to leave the Union and start a new nation. He, also, knew that when the War occurred, it would be a War between two sovereign nations--not a Civil War---not a War between the States, but a War for Southern Liberty- just like the same one that freed Americans from an all powerful English government and its unjust taxation in 1776.
My Great Aunt Emma Hough Geren wrote that the Hough males, all, received higher education prior to the War between the States (The War of Northern Aggression). According to her, plans were underway for my great grandfather Henry Clay Hough to attend West Point when the War broke out. (Possibly La Senator Wade Hough, legal guardian of Henry Clay had arranged an appointment.) Instead of enrolling in an institution of higher learning, Henry Clay enrolled in the school of Warfare Hard Knocks, by putting his 17 year old body and mind into the keeping of the Confederate Army. Under the brave battle flag of the Confederacy, he fought the invaders at Vicksburg, Mississippi.
Today his great, great granddaughter, Betty Joyce Hough Davis, walks daily on the very battlefield where Henry Clay survived being completely buried in dirt during the bombardment by Yankee cannons, while Sherman, in control of the little city, deliberately incinerated its houses, and food supplies, leaving the escaped, helpless women and children inhabitants to dig holes into hills as hiding and living places, and to feel lucky if they captured a rat to eat.
Henry Clay Hough, flesh of my flesh, blood of my blood did his part, willingly, against overwhelming odds. He fought against the invaders, in defense of the very dirt of our South. He fought for his home, his family and for Southern liberty.
It took nearly two generations following the conclusion of that War of Northern Aggression before Houghs began to rebound from it and the Marxists created Reconstruction and were able to send their Hough young on up to the ladder to higher education.
HOUGHS AND SLAVERY
Like other Southerners and many Northerners, Needham Hough was a slave holder and planter during that same time period when even New Yorkers were known to have slave plantations. (The site of one New York slave plantation was discovered in 2005.) Needham, however, owned only a few slaves during his lifetime. He was, certainly, not the holder of a large plantation and a large number of slaves.
Wade Hough did own a Louisiana plantation at the time of the War, but may have employed both black and white workers. Certainly other Louisiana Houghs had servants. In all liklihood these servants were employed. Employing servants was not unusual. There were, at that time, in Louisiana, many whites who employed persons of color. Employment of this type was a growing trend in Louisiana, and eliminated problems in labor intensive farming, as many blacks had already been freed and were employable. The very strong influence of the relatively new Baptist religion was precipitating a change in the culture of Louisiana. Houghs, of course, still possessed some residual equality attitudes from their old Quaker religion, also.
There were, in all probability, more land owning, free blacks in the state of Louisiana before the War, than in all of the North's states. Louisianans made a habit of not only freeing their slaves, but giving them property and preparation to earn a livelihood. This was not at all unusual in the South, even George Washington had done the same.
Most Houghs, because of their level of education, were well aware that down through the centuries, people of all races, including their own had been the victims of enslavement. The Houghs were greatly in favor of freedom for all mankind, regardless of race or nationality, but hoped for a period of preparation for the Southern black population prior to the blacks' being tossed out of the care of whites. Southerners knew that only with training and education could blacks become self-supporting. and earn the respect of fellow Americans. Southerners had grave concerns about the future possibilities of riots (such as occurred generations later in Los Angeles) if blacks were not, carefully, prepared for independent living, rather than abruptly freed and left to shift for themselves.
It is difficult for present day Americans to understand a time when slavery was a practice spread around the world and had just been peacefully concluded in most areas by government reimbursing those who purchased slaves. Slavery had peaceably given way to freedom in every instance--war was never a factor. New England slavers refused to allow the U.S. government to perform this action, although the New Englanders had, themselves, not only brought the blacks to America in Clipper ships owned by the rich New England families, but had, participated in a second sale of slaves--dumping them at hefty prices on Southerners so that cotton could be produced for the north's factories. This was done once it was discovered the blacks were unable or unwilling to work efficiently in the cold New England factories and Irish immigrants had arrived willing to work cheaply for the Northern owners. No Southern ships ever carried slaves. Northerners pockets jingled with gold earned by their acquiring and selling slaves for a couple of hundred years in the North--long before being sold to Southerners to work in the lands of spring, summer and autumn sunshine and winter warmth.
My Houghs who served in the military of the Confederacy included:
1. Private Henry Clay Hough-fought for Louisiana. His lineage is: Henry Clay to Joel Hough to Needham H 2. Colonel Wade Hough fought for of Louisiana. His lineage is: Wade to Needham Hough 3. Thomas J. Hough fought for of Louisiana. His lineage is: Thomas to Wade Hough to Needham 4. Samuel T. Mullinax, who fought for Louisiana. 3rd LA Cavalry, Company C. His lineage is: Samuel to Henrietta Hough to Needham Hough . Samuel was murdered while imprisoned in the Yankee Hell Hole, Camp Douglas of Chicago, his body, mysteriously disappeared. along with thousand others at that prison. 5. George Mullinax, who fought for Louisiana. His lineage is George Mullianax to Henrietta Hough to Needham Hough. George was killed in the battle at 2nd Manassas. 6. John C. Hough fought for Alabama. His lineage is John C. to Needham Hough. He was the brother of Wade and Joel Hough and the uncle of Henry Clay.
Confederate spouses of Houghs:
1, Epsie Caroline Hough's husband, George Miller Hawkins fought for Arkansas.
2. Martha A. Hough's husband Zachariah Wright fought in Boyd's Company, Co. A. 12th Regiment, La infantry. He applied for a pension after the war and received one. Martha applied for one after Zachariah's death.
3. Jane Rebecca Hough's husband, Epinetus Landers served the Confederacy during the War of Northern Aggression as a private in Company G. in the 18th Regiment of the Louisiana Infantry. (M 378, roll 16, Civil War Solders and Sailors System; National Park Service.)
I have only PROVED for the UDC, Henry Clay Hough, but hope to acquire the documentation on the others above and a few more Houghs and add them to a list of approved Confederate ancestors on my father's side of the family. Joan Hough.
Intelligent people of all races and nationalities are aware that whether black, white, yellow, brown or red, their own ancestors were subjected to enslavement. Most races, and people of most nationalities got over it. Those of us who had ancestors enslaved by Vikings, certainly are not continuing to bemoan that reality and to hate the Danes and the Swedes. We pulled ourselves up out of the ashes those barbarians left of the hovels in which we lived and we built a stronger, a more protective, and a better civilization. This type of behavior is associated with intelligence.
How sad it is that slavery continues still in this year of 2008. Right here in the U.S. in Houston, Texas Korean women slaves, unwillingly, brought across the Mexican-U.S. border illegally and held captive in a house here --to make their Korean slave owners bucks via supplying sexual services to other illegals. In Africa, slavery continues to exist as does mass murders. Almost every day one can read in the news, accounts of slavery existing in various areas of the world---with females, especially, sold into slavery by their parents.
THE NEEDHAM HOUGHS IN THE U.S. CENSUS
1820----Chesterfield Co. South Carolina, no TWP listed, series M22, Roll 119, Par 1, page 245. Needon [Needham] is living but a few houses from Joseph Hough, Jr., p. 244, and Joseph Hough, Sr., p. 244. They all live in Chesterfield County and are the only citizens by the name of Hough listed as heads of households in that county, giving a strong indication of kinship among them. Needham's household holds three free white males under age ten, one free white male between 26-45 years of age, two free white females under age ten, one free white female between 26-45 years of age. Four members of the household are engaged in agriculture. There are two male slaves of fourteen years or under. There is one female slave of fourteen years or under and one female slave between fourteen and twenty-six years of age.
1830----Youngs Valley township, Talbot County, Georgia, Roll 10, p. 325. Needham and his family appear in this census. Needham's last name is listed as HUFF. In his household are three males of ages 5 to under 10, one male of ages 10 - under 15, three males between 15 and under 20 and one male between 40-50. (Needham, himself); one female between 5 and under 10, one female of ten and under fifteen; one female of 20 and under 30 (Rebecca). All are white. Also in the household is one male slave under ten, one male slave between 10 and 24 and one female slave between 10 and 24.
1840----Chambers County, Alabama, Roll 2, p. 188. Needham's surname is spelled HAUGH. Again he is with his family. Township: District 19, County: Chambers, State, Alabama, Roll:2, p. 340.
Once the Houghs moved into areas where the name became uncommon, misspelling of their surname happened frequently.
1850----Township: District 19, County: Chambers, State Alabama, Roll: 2, p. 340. Needham and family. Needham HUFF age is listed as 71. his wife, Rebecca's as 55.
1860----West Point, Chambers County, widow Rebecca HOUGH, age 62 is head of household. Living with her is her son John C. Hough, his wife and their two children, Delia, female age 8 and Mary F., female, age 5. The Houghs are operating their family farm. John will, soon be marching off to war defend his family, his home, and his South in the War for Southern Independence which begins in 1861.
NEEDHAM HOUGH'S SON, JOEL T. HOUGH
There is a Hough family mystery involving Robert Hough and Joel Hough. The family legend is that Robert Hough is a son of Joel and lived with Joel and the rest of the family in Alabama. According to the story, Robert was involve in hanky-panky with a neighbor's wife when the neighbor returned home and attacked Robert. Robert, in defending himself, hit the neighbor in the head with a plow handle and killed the guy. The scandal was so horrendous that Joel and his tribe picked up and moved to Louisiana, joining Joel's brother Wade in Ouachita Parish, or so the story goes. It is known that Wade Hough had a son named Robert.
Hough genealogist Granville Hough, somehow, concluded that Joel did not have a son named Robert,
It was reported by Joel's granddaughter, Georgia Emma HOUGH, that her grandfather had experienced serious financial losses. No date has been mentioned, but it might be surmised that the losses occurred in Alabama. Had it occurred in Louisiana, more people would have memory of its cause, one might assume. Joel's sudden, accidental death may have prohibited him from righting a financial situation, which given more time, might have permitted him to made his family more secure. One cannot help but wonder if Robert and the financial loss are somehow connected. Nothing has ever been learned about Robert since his last appearance on the Alabama Census with Joel. Joel's granddaughter, Georgia Emma, however, did recognize Robert as a family member and recorded his date of birth. and date of death. More information has yet to be discovered about Robert. He remains a Hough of mystery. There was a Robert Hough in the Confederacy, but if the death date Great Aunt Caroline Emmie listed for Robert is correct, then the Confederate was not Joel's son. Joel's middle name started with a T. If it could be proven that the T. stood for "Thomas" and that Robert had Thomas as his middle name, that might be a key to the truth about Robert's relationship to Joel.
JOEL T. HOUGH AND FAMILY
Children of Joel T. Hough and his first wife, Malinda Rogers
1. Epsie Caroline Hough (1830 Talbot Co, GA -after 1860, LA) married George Miller Hawking, 1857, Union Co, AR
2. Martha Ann Hough (1833 Talbot Co, GA - 1903 Lincoln Parish, LA, Greenwood Cemetery, Ruston, LA) married Zachariah Cox Wright, 1859 Caldwell Parish, LA
3. Robert Thomas Hough (27 Aug 1835 Talbot Co, GA- 29 Oct 1855?)
4. Jane Rebecca Hough (1838 Talbot Co, GA- 1905 Claiborne Parish, LA) buried in Tulip Methodist Church Cemetery, married Epinetus Landers, 1856
5. Francene Savanna Hough (1840 Talbot Co, GA - 1860 LA) married A.C. Jackson
6. Henry Clay Hough (1844 Talbot Co, GA - 1913 Caddo Parish, LA ), young Confederate , home from the Battle of Vicksburg and the creation of Fort Humbug in Shreveport, Louisiana, married Edna Ross Marshall in1866 in Claiborne Parish, LA.
7. William Jackson Hough (1846 Talbot Co, GA - 1846 ) buried inTalbot Co, GA)
Children of Joel T. Hough and his second wife, Delaney Wesley Jackson
1. Sarah Elizabeth (1848 - Alabgama- 1908 LA) married Columbus Harrison
2. Margaret Emma (1851 Alabama - 1907) married Tatum W. Madden
3. Henrietta Molsey Missouri (1852 - AL - 1900 LA) married Davis Lafayette Henry.
HENRY CLAY HOUGH AND EDNA MARSHALL FAMILY
Children of Henry Clay and Edna Ross Marshall (daughter of George Washington Marshall)
1. Fannie Clay Hough (1868 Claiborne Parish, LA - 1937) LA. buried in Haynesville Cemetery; married Francis Barto Bridgeman
2. Georgia Emmie Hough (1869 Webster Parish, LA - 1956 LA) buried in Gilgal Cemetery, Claiborne Parish, LA; married George Ellis Geren. (Aunt Emmie was the first Louisiana Hough historian-genealogist.)
3. Marshall Joel Hough (1871 Caldwell Parish LA? or Claiborne Parish - 1928 Minden, Webster Parish, LA; buried Minden Cemetery; married Lilla Turner
4. Arthur Montgomery Hough (1873 Claiborne Parish, LA - 1933 Minden, Webster Parish, LA) buried Minden Cemetery; married Ella Turner
5. Walter Eugene Hough (1875 Homer, Claiborne Parish - 1963 Claiborne Parish, LA) buried Gilgal Cemetery; married Lela Ava Adams 1900; married Jodie Lou Adams 1915
6. Edna Mae Hough (1877 Claiborne Parish - 1975) buried Garden of Memories Cemetery, Webster Parish, LA; married Elias Bunk Beck
7. Glenn Willard (1880 - 1952) buried in Noble Cemetery, Sabine Parish; married Lizzie Joiner.
8. Henry Drew (1882 - 1963)
9. Exar Lucille (1884 Claiborne Par - 1938 La) buried Gilgal Cemetery; married William Shelby Knighton.
10. Bessie Pearl (1886 Claiborne Parish - 1963 Shreveport, LA); probably buried in Monroe, LA; married Ira Furman Shaw. Bessie and Ira lost their only child in his infancy, so only had each other as helpmates. When Ira died, Bessie, literally cried until she joined him. Theirs was a double funeral. Friends and family filled the huge First Baptist Church in Shreveport, Louisiana to overflowing. The minister preached the most moving funeral sermon I have ever heard.
Henry Clay Hough, at the conclusion of the War, during Reconstruction, met in Claiborne Parish an exquisite, young, just fifteen years old, plantation reared, Alabama Southern belle named Edna Ross Marshall who, with her family, after an attempted move to Texas, was returning with them in their covered wagon caravan to Alabama. Henry and Edna met. The liked what they saw. They loved what they liked. After the wedding, Henry Clay and Edna made their home in North Louisiana, struggled through the poverty dealt them by the Republican, Marxist planned Reconstruction, and eventually had their family. Edna went from a sheltered, wealthy existence in a gentle land into the chaos of war, followed by the ugliness and dangers of Reconstruction and poverty. Like the character, Scarlet O'Hara, she developed skills of survival and, with the loving care of her husband, reared a family of ten children--all of whom made her and their father, extremely proud. Edna sleeps this day, next to the man she loved from the time she was fifteen--her husband. They lie together in the tranquility of the Gilgal Cemetery, in Claiborne Parish, Louisiana, next to the small Baptist church they both attended, as did their children.