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Japanese Terminology
 
Here are some Japanese words that are often used in the dojo.
 
Counting 
One / First        Ichi / Sho                             Six / Sixth                       Roku
Two / Second    Ni                                        Seven / Seventh               Shichi
Three / Third    San                                      Eight / Eighth                   Hachi
Four / Fourth    Shi / Yon                              Nine / Ninth                      Ku
Five / Fifth       Go                                       Ten / Tenth                      Ju
 
General 
Agree, understand, yes, hello - Osu!                      Pulling hand (back hand) - Hikite
Begin - Hajime                                                      Ready - Yoi
Belt - Obi 
Ready for action (take up position) - Kamaete       Relax - Enoy
Blue - Ao                                                               Red - Aka
Bow - Rei                                                              
Bow to the front - Shomen ni rei                            Reverse  - Gyaku
Bow to teacher / instructor - Sensei ni rei              Right - Migi
Bow to each other - Otagai ni rei                           Senior (one's senior) - Sempai
Distancing  - Ma-ai                                                 Spiritual shout - Kiai
Focusing the muscles (tension) - Kime                     Stop (finish) - Yamae
Front - Mae                                                            Teacher - Sensei
Grade (below black belt) - Kyu                               Techniques - Waza
Half front facing position - Hanmi                           Training hall - Dojo
Jacket (karate suit) - Gi                                          Turn - Mawate
Karate practitioner - Karateka                                Way - Do
Line up! - Seiretsu                                                  White - Shiro
Main dojo / HQ - Hombu                                          Master - Shihan
Meditation - Mokuso
 
Punches (Zuki)                                       Kicks (Geri)
age zuki - rising punch                                            mae geri - front kick
choku zuki - straight punch                                      mawashi geri - round-house kick
gyaka zuki - reverse punch                                      mikazuki geri - crescent kick
oi zuki - stepping punch                                          tobi geri - jump kick
kagi zuki - hook punch                                            ushiro geri - back kick
kizami zuki - jab                                                     yoko geri - side kick
mawashi zuki - round-house punch                           keage - snap kick
yama zuki - mountain punch                                    kekomi - thrust kick 
 
Blocks (Uke)
age uke - rising block
gedan barai - downward block
haiwan uke - back arm block
morote uke - double arm block
shuto uke - knife hand block
soto uke - outside block
uchi uke - inside block
 
 
 


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