Source: Doug Jeffery DJeff95263@aol.com
Jeremiah Jeffrey was born in Virginia about 1766, according to the 1850 census. The date of his death is uncertain. He died "on the 11th day of November 1852", according to a statement given by John B. Jeffrey to the Probate Court of Caldwell County, Texas. The Autobiography of Richard Cole, quoted below, indicates his death on the trip to Texas occurred in October of 1851.
I found reference to him being in Anderson County, Tennessee, in 1792 through at least 1805. I think he was in Blount County, Tennessee in 1785-1792.
Jeremiah Jeffrey was in Tuscaloosa County, Alabama Territory before 1818. There he was one of the organizing members of the Bethel Baptist Church,
Jeremiah Jeffrey's wife was named Sarah. Her date of birth is unknown. She died in April 1850. Judging from the name given her third daughter, she may have been from the Bishop family. Oliver Bishop, who married her granddaughter Mariah Catherine Fleming, was quite possibly a nephew of Sarah Bishop Jeffrey.
Jeremiah Jeffrey's wife was probably a widow when they married. When Jeremiah's son Matthew died, his estate was divided among many heirs. In the Caldwell County Probate Book G, page 143, J. W. Jeffrey as administrator "alleges that Matthew Jeffrey died intestate on April 29, 1881, in Caldwell County, Texas, without issue or surviving wife, father or mother, leaving as his heirs-at-law his brothers and sisters and their descendants, to wit: 1st John B. Jeffrey, a brother of the deceased, a resident of Williamson County, Texas" and a list of over one hundred other heirs. At the end, "administrator further states that Stephen, John and Jesse Russell [previously named] are children of Lydia Russell, deceased, a half sister to intestate. That he thinks said Lydia had other children, whose names and the number of the same are unknown to administrator. Nor does he know whether they are living or dead."
C. Judson Shook cites a letter from Lula (Mrs. C. B.) Jeffrey Box 596, Devers, Texas. 77538, which says that Jeremiah Jeffrey married "Sarah Bishop, a widow with two small daughters". One of those small daughters could have been Lydia who married Henry Russell and left children named Stephen, John and Jesse Russell. Before James Jeffrey moved to Arkansas, he sold his land in Alabama to Stephen B. Russell. Russell may have been James' half sister's son.
The same letter says Sarah Bishop was a sister to Abigail Bishop who married Nathan Roberts, [they, the grandparents of] Brother Bruce Roberts. Nathan Roberts was one of the minister founders of the Baptist Church of Bethel at Jeremiah Jeffrey's house in Alabama in 1818. Several Jeffrey descendants have been named Nathan Roberts.
In 1850, Jeremiah was living in Tippah County, Mississippi, with his son Matthew. Nearby were the families of his children John B. Jeffrey, Jesse Jeffrey, and Sarah Jeffrey Cole with her husband, Richard Cole.
The Autobiography of Richard Cole reports that
In "Early East Tennessee Taxpayers" page 7, Anderson County, Jeremiah Jeffrey is shown owning 200 acres on the Clinch River and owes tax on one "free poll" (himself) and one "black poll," a slave.
In "Early Tennessee Tax Lists" page 105 he is shown living in Anderson County in 1805 and in Franklin County in 1812.
Hill Country Quarterly
Be it Remembered that heretofore to wit at a Court held by the Justices of the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions for the County of Knox at the Court House in Knoxville on the Second Monday of April One Thousand eight hundred and one upon the Oath of Twelve Jurors, good and lawful men of the said County of Knox then and there sworn and charged to inquire for the State for the Body of the said County; It was presented as follows, that is to say;
1807, June 12: "James Worthington vs. Jeremiah Jeffrey. Edward Freels, Sr surrendered the defendant in discharge of himself as bail...." (Ibid, p. 313) Anderson County Court Minutes, 1801-1809
According to the Knox County, Tennessee (Territory South of the Ohio River, 1793-1809) Superior Court Minutes Book 3, page 91-93, on Monday Morning, 17 October 1796, one Jesse Jeffery (note the spelling) was convicted of horse theft by a jury of twelve men. The next day court was brought to order for sentencing Jesse Jeffery. The following was stated in the record: "Jesse Jeffery being brot to the bar and asked if he had anything to say why sentence of the law should not be pronounced upon him? Saith nothing. The sentence of the Law was therefore passed that he, Jesse Jeffery should stand in the pillory one Hour and should be publicly whipped on his bare back with thirty nine lashes well laid on, at the same time should have both his ears nailed to the pillory and cut off, and should be branded on the right cheek with the letter H of the length of the quarter of an Inch and the breadth of half an Inch and on the left cheek with the letter T of the same dimensions of the letter H in a plain and visible manner and that the Sheriff of Knox County see that this sentence by put in execution on to morrow between the Hours of twelve and two of the Clock in the Afternoon."(sic)
According to Goodspeed on Anderson County:
The first grand jury summoned by the court of pleas and quarter sessions, was composed of the following men: John McAdoo, foreman; Richard Medlin, Nathamiel Hale, James Scarbrough, Page Portwood, N Davis, Samuel Worthington, Jeremiah Jeffrey, C Willhight, Richard Linville, Joseph Sharp, John Day, James Abbott and Henry Russell. The first indictment was found against John Vancy, who submitted to the court and was fined twenty five cents. The second was against Samuel Ussery for sending a challenge; upon trial he was acquitted. At the June term of the court, in 1804, Isaac Crane was put in the stocks two hours for contempt of court, and as he still persisted in his disorderly conduct he was committed to jail.
According to Knox County, Tennessee history by Tyler in his book HISTORY OF TENNESSEE:
Gov. William Blount ordered court of oyer and terminer to be held and commence on August 1794. An order was therefore issued by Judge Anderson and the following grand jury was chosen: John Paterson, foreman; Andrew Hannah, Oliver Wallace, William Richie, Samue Hindman, Moses Brooks, George Walker, David Walker, George Stout, William Trimble, Jeremiah Jeffrey, John Steel, William Lea, Robert Kirkpatrick, Thomas Milliken, Thomas Richie, George Hayes, and James Cunningham. The jury immeadiately returned an indictment for murder against Abongphohigo, an Indian of the Creek Nation, late of the town of Zookeaucugee or Punk Knob on Oakfuskey River.
1805 JEFFERY JEREMIAH Anderson County Tennessee No Township Listed Tax list Tennessee
November 1826, letter of dismission from Bethel Baptist Church in Tuscaloosca County, Alabama. Where did he go between the time he leaves the church and shows up in census in Tippah County, Miss. ? Grandson Jesse Thomas Jeffrey was b. in Mississippi in 1840. Jeremiah was probably in Ms by 1840.
Family Traditions of the Death of Cornelius Roberts
Recent information shows that the tradition in the Roberts family came from another expedition against the Indians 25 years after the death of Cornelius Roberts in which Richard or Dick Benge, the son of Robert Benge, was killed by an expedition including Daniel Roberts and others.
"Settlers and Intruders On Cherokee Indian Lands 1801-1816"
Names of persons who were present and acting in the killing of two Cherokees on or about the 24th January 1813 in the Cherokee nation. The names of the Cherokees who were killed were Dick Benge a half Blood Cherokee and a Cherokee named Jacket.
Vizt Jeremiah Jeffrey and his son-in-law name not known at this time [Abraham Roberts], Daniel Roberts, [Jacob] Talley, Ragsdale, James Corvan, Condry.
Jonathan Meigs was from Middletown, Connecticut. The Agency was first located at Southwest Point, then moved to Hiwassee garrison near Dayton, Rhea County Tennessee. Meigs County which adjoins Rhea County must be named for him. The letter is a description of what happened by Col. Meigs.
The Talley refers to Jacob Talley. Daniel Roberts and Jacob Talley were living in Franklin County Tennessee in 1813. The Cherokee lands were not far away in Rhea and Meigs Counties. Jeremiah Jeffrey was the father of Cynthia Jeffrey who married Abraham Roberts, son of Daniel Roberts. Jeremiah Jeffrey was later a member of the Bethel Baptist Church in Tuscaloosa County AL where Nathan Roberts was the pastor.
This 1813 record shows that the tradition in the Roberts family is correct, that Daniel Roberts did have an important role in the killing of Dick Benge. However, it was not Dick Benge who killed Cornelius Roberts. Dick Benge was Robert Benge's son. Lt. Vincent Hobbs is the one who killed Robert Benge.
Ancestry Hints for Jeremiah Jeffrey
2 possible matches found on Ancestry.com
Marriage 1 Sarah Bishop b: ABT 1765 in North Carolina