5 Landform Regions of Georgia Lesson Plan

1. Identify / Reference National, State Performance, & Local Curriculum Standards:

Social Studies:
National Curriculum Standards
People, Places, and Environments:
In the early grades, young learners draw upon immediate personal experiences in their neighborhoods, towns and cities, and states, as well as peoples and places distant and unfamiliar, to explore geographic concepts and skills. They learn to use maps, globes, and other geographic tools.

Georgia Performance Standards
SS2G1 The student will locate major topographical features of Georgia and will describe how these features define Georgia’s surface.
a. Locate all the geographic regions of Georgia: Blue Ridge Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain, Valley and Ridge, and Appalachian Plateau.

Cherokee County Performance Standards
Same as Georgia Performance Standards

Fine Arts:
National Curriculum Standards
Content Standard 6:
Making connections between visual arts and other disciplines
Achievement Standard
o Students identify connections between the visual arts and other disciplines in the curriculum

Georgia Performance Standards
VA2C.1 Applies information from other disciplines to enhance the understanding and production of artworks.
a. Explores and creates art inspired by ideas from literature, science, music, and/or math.

Cherokee County Performance Standards
Same as Georgia Performance Standards

2. Specify Enduring Understandings, Essential Questions, & Essential Content & Objectives:

Enduring Understandings
Overarching Understandings
o Georgia is made up of major topographical features that define its surface.
Topical Understandings
o Georgia is made up of five geographic regions.
o Each of the five regions has unique characteristics.

Essential Questions
Overarching Questions
o What are the major topographical features of Georgia?
o Where are these features located?
Topical Questions
o What are the five geographic regions of Georgia?
o How is each of the five regions of Georgia unique?

Essential Content Objectives
Knowledge
o Students will demonstrate an understanding of the five geographic regions of Georgia.
Skills
o Students will collaboratively complete a graphic organizer about Georgia’s regions.
o Students will individually label a map of Georgia’s regions and write down one fact for each.

3. Collect a Variety of Materials / Resources for Student Use:
o Georgia: From the Mountains to the Sea Video Compiled by Karen Carstens http://debbie84.edu.glogster.com/ga-regions-stephens/
o Pre-assessment worksheet
o The Five Regions of Georgia Promethean file from:
o Teacher instructions for filling guess boxes
o 5 shoeboxes filled with artifacts from the different regions for guess box activity
o Directions for using guess boxes
o 5 Regions Graphic Organizer
o Map on cardstock of topographical regions of Georgia for art project
o 11 x 17 paper for art project
o Items to denote each of the regions:
Colored construction paper, stickers (peanuts, people, azaleas, farming, mountain peaks), crayons, glue sticks, artifacts (pine needles, city maps, lima beans, apple seeds, blue cotton)
o Post-assessment worksheet
o Assessment Tools – Observational Checklist

4. Activate and Pre-Assess Student Prior Knowledge: 
Activation of Prior Knowledge: Begin the lesson by telling the students that you will be showing them a video of Georgia and that you want them to look for different types of landforms. Write landform on the board and define it as one of the shapes of land on the Earth. Ask for examples and write them on the board. Play the video selection. Ask the students the following questions:

What types of landforms did you see in the video?

What types of landforms have you seen in Georgia in real life?

Allow students to respond.

Pre-Assessment of Prior Knowledge: Pass out the Georgia Regions Pre-assessment to the students prior to beginning the lesson. Allow the students approximately 5 minutes to fill out the form.

5. Provide for New Knowledge Acquisition:
Display a map of Georgia with the 5 regions shown and labeled. Explain that Georgia is divided up into 5 landform regions. Write region on the board and define it as an area that has shared features. Point to the regions and say their names. Tell the students that each region has unique features and that we are going to discover the features of each region.

Teleporting Across Georgia:
o This activity gets the students up and moving.
o The students can stand at their desks or gather in a central location.
o Tell the students that they are going to use their imaginations and go on a journey with you across the 5 regions of Georgia.
o Start by telling the students that they need to get in their teleporters, close their eyes, and wrap their arms around themselves tightly.
o Countdown from 3 and then tell the children to hold on. Shake your body; pretend you are on a bumpy ride.
o Stop shaking and open your eyes. Tell the students to look around. Point out what you see.
o For example: Hey look the land is really flat here (arms out to the sides with finger tips touching in front of chest) and the soil is sandy….where could we be? I see peanuts and pecans growing here. I think we’re in the Coastal Plains Region.
o Note: Teleporters do not move when mouths or feet are moving!
o For Coastal Plains: arms out to the sides with finger tips touching in front of chest to represent flat land, sandy soil, pecans, peanuts, pine trees, cotton
o For Piedmont: make a wavy motion with hand in front of chest to represent hilly, red clay soil, cities, wave hi to all the people
o For Appalachian Plateau: make a plateau with arms to represent high flat land, wild azaleas, smallest region, cooler temperatures
o For Valley and Ridge: make a valley and ridge formation with arms to show the valleys and ridges, tractor for good farming, apples, hikers, campers
o For Blue Ridge Mountains: arms over head with finger touching to show tall mountains, rushing waters provide electricity, blue haze, Georgia’s highest mountains are here, Brasstown Bald

Guess Box Activity:
Tell the students that we are going to explore some of the differences between the regions. Explain the Guess Box Activity and hand out graphic organizers to each student.

o Divide students into 5 mixed ability groups.
o Give each group their guess box and explain that they are to explore the artifacts in the box and figure out what region their box represents.
o Once they figure out their region they are to complete their portion of the graphic organizer.
o Go through an example of one artifact and adding it to the organizer.
o After each group has completed their organizer, they are to share it with the class.
o The class completes the graphic organizer with information from the presentations.

Ongoing Assessment: Use the Observational Checklist to assess student participation during group work.

6. Adjust Assignments for Student Applied Practice:
Explain to students that will be completing their own map of the regions. They can reference their graphic organizer or social studies book if necessary.

Region Artifacts
-Coastal Plane – sand, peanuts, cotton, pine needles
-Piedmont – city maps, pinto beans for hills, people stickers
-Appalachian Plateau – flowers stickers, lima beans for plateau
-Valley and Ridge – apple stickers, hiking maps camping stickers
-Blue Ridge Mountains – blue tissue paper for blue haze

Instructions
1. Have students label region on map.
2. Glue map onto construction paper.
3. Create map key at the bottom and write title at the top.
4. Review the different characteristics of each region and show students what they can use on their maps to represent each one.
5. Allow the students to gather their materials and glue on their maps.
*Make sure you have space to let them dry overnight

Ongoing Assessment: Use the Observational Checklist to assess student participation in class activities.

7. Conduct Post-Assessment for Student to Demonstrate Knowledge and Competencies:
Give each student a Regions of Georgia Map. They are to label each region and list one fact about each one.

Differentiation: Some students will be given maps with choices for them to choose the correct region from and circle it. They will also have choices about the facts to circle.

Post-Assessment: Use rubric to assess students’ learning.