Bull shark literature

A (non-complete) list of scientific papers published about bull shark biology, ecology, behaviour, physiology etc.
Espinoza, M., Heupel, M.R., Tobin, A.J., Simpfendorfer, C.A. (2016) Evidence of partial migration in a large coastal predator: opportunistic foraging and reproduction as key drivers? PLoS ONE 11: e0147608.

Lea, J.S.E., Humphries, N.E., Clarke, C.R., Sims, D.W. (2015) To Madagascar and back: long-distance, return migration across open ocean by a pregnant female bull shark Carcharhninus leucas. Journal of Fish Biology 87: 1313-1321.

Matich, P., Heithaus, M.R. (2015) Individual variation in ontogenetic niche shifts in habitat use and movement patterns of a large estuarine predator (Carcharhinus leucas). Oecoogia 178: 347-359.

Blaison et al. (2015) Seasonal variability of bull and tiger shark presence on the west coast of of Reunion Island, western Indian Ocean. African Journal of Marine Science 37: 199-208.

Heupel, M.R., Simpfendorfer, C.A., Espinoza, M., Smoothey, A.F., Tobin, A., Peddemors, V. (2015) Conservation challenges of sharks with continental scale migrations. Frontiers in Marine Science 2: 12.

Kocsis, L., Vennemann, T.W., Ulianov, A., Brunnschweiler, J.M. (2015) Characterizing the bull shark Carcharhinus leucas habitat in Fiji by the chemical and isotopic compositions of their teeth. Environmental Biology of Fishes 98: 1609-1622.

O'Connell, C.P., Hyun, S.-Y., Rillahan, C.B., He, P. (2014) Bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas) exclusion properties of the sharksafe barrier and behavioral validation using the ARIS technology. Global Ecology and Conservation 2: 300-314.


Daly, R., Smale, M.J., Cowley, P.D., Froneman, P.W. (2014) Residency patterns and migration dynamics of adult bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas) on the east coast of southern Africa. PLos ONE 9: e109357.

Natanson, L.J., Adams, D.H., Winton, M.V., Maurer, J.R. (2014) Age and growth of the bull shark in the western North Atlantic Ocean. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143: 732-743.

Drymon, J.M., Ajemian, M.J., Powers, S.P. (2014) Distribution and dynamic habitat use of young bull sharks Carcharhinus leucas in a highly stratified northern Gulf of Mexico estuary. PLoS ONE 9: e97124.

Brunnschweiler, J.M., Abrantes, K.G., Barnett, A. (2014) Long-term changes in species composition and relative abundances of sharks at a provisioning site. PLoS ONE 9: e86682.

Matich, P., Heithaus, M.R.
(2014) Multi-tissue stable isotope analysis and acoustic telemetry reveal seasonal variability in the trophic interactions of juvenile bull sharks in a coastal estuary. Journal of Animal Ecology 83: 199-213.

Froeschke, J.T., Froeschke, B.F., Stinson, C.M. (2013) Long-term trends of bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas) in estuarine waters of Texas, USA. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 70: 13-21.

Daly, R., Froneman, P.W., Smale, M.J. (2013) Comparative feeding ecology of bull sharks (Carcharhinus leucas) in the coastal waters of the southwestern Indian Ocean inferred from stable isotope analysis. PLoS ONE 8: e78229. 

Gelsleichter, J., Szabo, N.J. (2013) Uptake of human pharmaceuticals in bull sharks (Carcharhinus leucas) inhabiting a wastewater-impacted river. Science of the Total Environment 456-457: 196-201.

Wagner, C.M., Rice, P.H., Pease, A.P. (2013) First record of dicephalia in a bull shark Carcharhinus leucas (Chondrichthyes: Carcharhinidae) foetus from from the Gulf of Mexico, U.S.A. Journal of Fish Biology 82: 1419-1422.

Brunnschweiler, J.M., Barnett, A. (2013) Opportunistic visitors: long-term behavioural response of bull sharks to food provisioning in Fiji. PLoS ONE 8(3): e58522.

Curtis, T.H., Parkyn, D.C., Burgess, G.H. (2013) Use of human-altered habitats by bull sharks in a Florida nursery area. Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science 5: 28-38.

Nevill, J.E.G., Bamboche, D., Philoe, H. (2013) Record litter size for the bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas (Muller & Henle, 1839), documented in the Seychelles. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science 12: 85.

Werry, J.M., Lee, S.Y., Lemckert, C.J., Otway, N.M. (2012) Natural or artificial? Habitat-use by the bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas. PLoS ONE 7(11): e49796.

Habegger, M.L., Motta, P.J., Huber, D.R., Dean, M.N.  (2012) Feeding biomechanics and theoretical calculations of the bite force in bull sharks  (Carcharhinus leucas) during ontogeny. Zoology 115: 354-364.

Hammerschlag, N., Luo, J., Irschick, D.J., Ault, J.S. (2012) A comparison of spatial and movement patterns between sympatric predators: bull sharks (Carcharhinus leucas) and Atlantic tarpon (Megalops atlanticus). PLoS ONE 7: e45958.

Schwartz, F.J. (2012) Bull sharks in North Carolina. Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Science 128: 88-91.

Belicka, L.L., Matich, P., Jaffé, R., Heithaus, M.R.  (2012) Fatty acids and stable isotopes as indicators of early-life feeding and potential maternal dependency in the bull shark 
Carcharhinus leucasMarine Ecology Progress Series 455: 245-256.

Tillett, B.J., Meekan, M.G., Field, I.C., Thorburn, D.C., Ovenden, J.R. (2012) Evidence for reproductive philopatry in the bull shark Carcharhinus leucas. Journal of Fish Biology 80: 2140-2158.

Matich, P., Heithaus, M.R. (2012) Effects of an extreme temperature event on the behavior and age structure of an estuarine top predator, Carcharhinus leucas. Marine Ecology Progress Series 447: 165-178.

Werry, J.M., Lee, S.Y., Otway, N.M., Hu, Y., Sumpton, W.  (2011) A multi-faceted approach for quantifying the estuarine-nearshore transition in the life cycle of the bull shark, Carcharhinus leucasMarine and Freshwater Research 62: 1421-1431.

Curtis, T.H., Adams, D.H., Burgess, G.H. (2011) Seasonal distribution and habitat associations of bull sharks in the Indian River Lagoon, Florida: A 30-year synthesis. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 140: 1213-1226.

Karl, S.A., Castro, A.L.F., Lopez, J.A., Charvet, P., Burgess, G.H. (2011) Phylogeography and conservation of the bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas) inferred from mitochondrial and microsatellite DNA. Conservation Genetics 12: 371-382.

Tillett, B.J., Meekan, M.G., Parry, D., Munksgaard, N., Field, I.C., Thorburn, D., Bradshaw, C.J.A. (2011) Decoding fingerprints: elemental composition of vertebrae correlates to age-related habitat use in two morphologically similar sharks. Marine Ecology Progress Series 434: 133-142.

Tillett, B.J., Meekan, M.G., Field, I.C., Hua, Q., Bradshaw, C.J.A.  (2011) Similar life history traits in bull (Carcharhinus leucas) and pig-eye (C. amboinensis) sharks. Marine and Freshwater Research 62: 850-860.

Heupel, M.R., Simpfendorfer, C.A. (2011) Estuarine nursery areas provide a low-mortality environment for young bull sharks Carcharhinus leucas. Marine Ecology Progress Series 433: 237-244.

Brunnschweiler, J.M., Baensch, H. (2011) Seasonal and long-term changes in relative abundance of bull sharks from a tourist shark feeding site in Fiji. PLoS ONE 6(1): e16597.

Matich, P., Heithaus, M.R., Layman, C.A. (2011) Contrasting patterns of individual specialization and trophic coupling in two marine apex predators. Journal of Animal Ecology 80: 294-305.

Brunnschweiler, J.M., Queiroz, N., Sims, D.W. (2010) Oceans apart? Short-term movements and behaviour of adult bull shark Carcharhinus leucas in Atlantic and Pacific Oceans determined from pop-off satellite archival tagging. Journal of Fish Biology 77: 1343-1358.

Carlson, J.K., Ribera, M.M., Conrath, C.L., Heupel, M.R., Burgess, G.H. (2010) Habitat use and movement patterns of bull sharks Carcharhinus leucas determined using pop-up satellite archival tags. Journal of Fish Biology 77: 661-675.

Heupel, M.R., Yeiser, B.G., Collins, A.B., Ortega, L., Simpfendorfer, C.A. (2010) Long-term presence and movement patterns of juvenile bull sharks, Carcharhinus leucas, in an estuarine river system. Marine and Freshwater Research 61: 1-10.

Froeschke, J., Stunz, G.W., Sterba-Boatwright, B., Wildhaber, M.L. (2010) An empirical test of the 'shark nursery concept' in Texas bays using a long-term fisheries-independent data set. Aquatic Biology 11: 65-76.

Froeschke, J., Stunz, G.W., Wildhaber, M.L. (2010) Environmental influences on the occurrence of coastal sharks in estuarine waters. Marine Ecology Progress Series 407: 279-292.

Heithaus, M.R., Delius, B.K., Wirsing, A.J., Dunphy-Daly, M.M. (2009) Physical factors influencing the distribution of a top predator in a subtropical oligotrophic estuary. Limnology and Oceanography 54: 472-482.

McCord, M.E., Lamberth, S.J. (2009) Catching and tracking the world’s largest Zambezi (bull) shark Carcharhinus leucas in the Breede Estuary, South Africa: the first 43 hours. African Journal of Marine Science 31: 107-111.

Ortega, L.A., Heupel, M.R., Van Beynen, P., Motta, P.J. (2009) Movement patterns and water quality preferences of juvenile bull sharks (Carcharhinus leucas) in a Florida estuary. Environmental Biology of Fishes 84: 361-373.

Thorburn, D.C., Rowland, A.J. (2009) Juvenile bull sharks Carcharhinus leucas (Valenciennes, 1839) in northern Australian rivers. Beagle 24: 79-86.

Heupel, M.R., Simpfendorfer, C.A. (2008) Movement and distribution of young bull sharks Carcharhinus leucas in a variable estuarine environment. Aquatic Biology 1: 277-289.

Yeiser, B.G., Heupel, M.R., Simpfendorfer, C.A. (2008) Occurrence, home range and movement patterns of juvenile bull (Carcharhinus leucas) and lemon (Negaprion brevirostris) sharks within a Florida estuary. Marine and Freshwater Research 59: 489-501.

O’Connell, M.T., Shepherd, T.D., O’Connell, A.M.U., Myers, R.A. (2007) Long-term declines in two apex predators, bull sharks (Carcharhinus leucas) and alligator gar (Atractosteus spatula), in Lake Pontchartrain, an oligohaline estuary in southeastern Louisiana. Estuaries and Coasts 30: 567-574.

Wiley, T.R., Simpfendorfer, C.A. (2007) The ecology of elasmobranchs occurring in the Everglades National Park, Florida: implications for conservation and management. Bulletin of Marine Science 80: 171-189.

Gadig, O.B.F., Juliano, M.F., Barreiros, J.P. (2006) Further notes on the capture of a Carcharhinus leucas in a northeastern Atlantic oceanic insular shelf, the Azores Archipelago, Portuga. Cybium 30: 31-33.

Pillans, R.D., Anderson, W.G., Good, J.P., Hyodo, S., Takei, Y., Hazon, N., Franklin, C.E. (2006) Plasma and erythrocyte solute properties of juvenile bull sharks, Carcharhinus leucas, acutely exposed to increasing environmental salinity. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 331: 145-157.

Cruz-Martinez, A., Chiappa-Carrara, X., Arenas-Fuentes, V. (2005) Age and growth of the bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas, from southern Gulf of Mexico. Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science 35: 367-374.

Neer, J.A., Thompson, B.A., Carlson, J.K. (2005) Age and growth of Carcharhinus leucas in the northern Gulf of Mexico: incorporating variability in size at birth. Journal of Fish Biology 67: 370-383.


Pillans, R.D., Good, J.P., Anderson, W.G., Hazon, N., Franklin, C.E. (2005) Freshwater to seawaterr acclimation of juvenile bull sharks (Carcharhinus leucas): plasma osmolytes and Na+/K+-ATPase activity in gills, rectal gland, kidney and intestine. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 175: 37-44.

Simpfendorfer, C.A., Freitas, G.C., Wiley, T.R., Heupel, M.R. (2005) Distribution and habitat partitioning of immature bull sharks (Carcharhinus leucas) in a southwest Florida estuary. Estuaries 28: 78-85.

Pillans, R.D., Franklin, C.E. (2004) Plasma osmolyte concentrations and rectal gland mass of bull sharks Carcharhinus leucas, captured along a salinity gradient. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A 138: 363-371.

Taniuchi, T., Ishihara, H., Tanaka, S., Hyodo, S., Murakami, M., Seret, B. (2003) Occurrence of two species of elasmobranchs, Carcharhinus leucas and Pristis microdon, in Betsiboka River, west Madagascar. Cybium 27: 237-241.

Whitehead, D.L. (2002) Ampullary organs and electroreception in freshwater Carcharhinus leucas. Journal of Physiology (Paris) 96: 391-395.

Schmid, T.H., Murru, F.L. (1994) Bioenergetics of the bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas, maintained in captivity. Zoo Biology 13: 177-185.

Cliff, G., Dudley, S.F.J. (1991) Sharks caught in the protective gill nets off Natal, South Africa. 4. The bull shark Carcharhinus leucas Valenciennes. South African Journal of Marine Science 10: 253-270.

Branstetter, S., Stiles, R. (1987) Age and growth estimats of the bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas, from the northern Gulf of Mexico. Environmental Biology of Fishes 20: 169-181.

Snelson, F. F., Timothy, J., Mulligan, J. & Williams, S. H. (1984). Food habits, occurrence, and population structure of the bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas, in Florida coastal lagoons. Bulletin of Marine Science 34, 71–80.


Montoya, R.V., Thorson, T.B. (1982) The bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas) and largetooth sawfish (Pristis perotteti) in Lake Bayano, a tropical man-made impoundment in Panama. Environmental Biology of Fishes 7: 341-347.

Snelson, F.F., Williams, S.E. (1981) Notes on the occurrence, distribution, and biology of elasmobranch fishes in the Indian River Lagoon System, Florida. Estuaries 4: 110-120.

Jenson, N.H. (1976) Reproduction of the bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas, in the Lake Nicaragua-Rio San Juan System. Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes (ed. Thomas B. Thorson): 539-559.

Thorson, T.B. (1976) The status of the Lake Nicaragua shark: An updated appraisal.
Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes (ed. Thomas B. Thorson): 561-574.

Schwartz, F.J. (1960) Additional comments on adult bull sharks Carcharhinus leucas (Müller and Henle), from Chesapeake Bay, Maryland. Chesapeake Science 1: 68-71.