click on the white patch to see the orders/circulars/news

Live: Decision on Modi likely on Sunday          NEWS FOR TODAY


List of eligible officials in TN CHARGE for promotion to the post of ITI.

Friday, February 28, 2014


                   10 % DA ANNOUNCED
Release of additional installment of dearness allowance to Central Government employees and dearness relief to Pensioners, due from 1.1.2014 
The Union Cabinet today (28-2-2014) approved the proposal to release an additional installment of Dearness Allowance (DA) to Central Government employees and Dearness Relief (DR) to pensioners with effect from 01.01.2014, in cash, but not before the disbursement of the salary for the month of March 2014 at the rate of 10 percent increase over the existing rate of 90 percent. 

Hence, Central Government employees as well as pensioners are entitled for DA/DR at the rate of 100 percent of the basic with effect from 01.01.2014. The increase is in accordance with the accepted formula based on the recommendations of the 6th Central Pay Commission.

The combined impact on the exchequer on account of both dearness allowance and dearness relief would be Rs. 11074.80 crore per annum and Rs. 12920.60 crore in the financial year 2014-15 ( i.e. for a period of 14 months from January 2014 to February 2015).


7th CPC Terms of Reference

It is informed that DOP&T has finalized the terms of reference of Seventh Central Pay Commission and submitted to Cabinet for approval. Details of the terms of reference finalized by DOP&T is not disclosed to the staff side. Details will be known only after the Cabinet meeting which is likely to be held today evening (20/2/2014) or tomorrow.






10 financial steps you must take before you retire CLIK HERE 

SSC HIGHER SECONDARY LEVEL EXAM to applyclik here (this online application can be done only in internet explorer)

A History About Auto Rickshaw it will be useful for chennaiitesclik here & clik here

 emi Jet Airways (India) Ltd and IndiGo will soon be offering customers the option to buy air tickets through credit

 cards with payments stretched out over Equated Monthly Instalments (EMIs) of two months. Both airlines
have tied up with HDFC Bank, Citibank and ICICI Bank to offer passengers an option to pay fares in two


Though the offer seems lucrative at first sight but it carries 14 per cent additional Service Tax on tickets by 

banks besides one per cent charged as processing fee by carriers. The passengers get a two-month period to

 pay the instalments, but have to cough up 15 per cent more on the ticket, as told by the industry official who

 preferred not to be named.


25 Lakh CGEs to strike for Seventh Pay Commission after August clik here

Notification for ITO/ITI/MS DE 2013 clik here

1)  AIRF with CGE Associations plan to repeat 1974 post emergency strike clik here
210% DA hike from July'13 certainclik here to see
CCIT Tamilnadu promotion/transfer orders clik here

Core Committee constituted for the IT Dept Cadre Restructuring clik here to see


After the cabinet approval of Income Tax cadre review, everybody is eager to know about the additional posts to be created, cadrewise. Though there is no official document  available in this regard, different sources have confirmed the cadre wise posts to be created. The letter from the Secretary General dated 24th May 2013 is reproduced below for the viewers. It may be mentioned that these figures are yet to be authenticated.

Revised result of ITO DE – 2012 RESULT

GENERAL TRANSFER ORDERS 2013ITO  ITI  AO Gd ii & iii PS  OS  SRTA  TA  NS  SGR  (14-5-2013)
 PROMOTION ORDERS MAY2013 ITO  AO GD III  PS  SGR GD I to see the orders clik on the white patch

Retirement age to be increased to 62?

The government is planning to extend the retirement age of all central government employees by two years — from the current 60 to 62 years. Sources said that an in-principle decision has been taken in this regard and the department of personnel and training (DoPT) has begun the work to implement the same. A formal announcement to this effect is expected this year itself.

The last time the government extended the retirement age of central government employees was in 1998. It was also a two-year extension from 58. This was preceded by the implementation of the 5th Pay Commission, which had put severe strain on government’s finances. Subsequently, all state governments followed the Centre’s policy by extending the retirement age by two years. Public sector undertakings followed suit too.

The decision to extend the retirement age is well-timed both politically and economically.

The UPA government reckons the move would be a masterstroke. At a time when it is buffeted by several corruption cases, it is felt that the extension of the retirement age will go down well with the middle classes. Economically also, the move makes sense because by deferring payment of lump sum retirement benefits for a large number of employees by two years, the government would be able to manage its finances better.

“An in-principle decision has been taken to increase the retirement age by two years within this year itself. This would reduce the burden on the fisc from one-time payment of retirement benefits for employees including defence and railways personnel,” an official involved in the discussion said. With the fiscal consolidation high on the government's agenda, this deferment would come handy.

There’s some flip side too if the retirement age is extended by two years. Those officials empanelled as secretaries and joint secretaries would have to wait longer to actually get the posts. And of course, there is the issue of average age profile of the civil servants being turning north.

It is also felt that any extension is not being fair with a bulk of people who still look for jobs in the government.

However, officials point out that at least it prevents an influential section of the bureaucracy to hanker for post-retirement jobs with the government like chairmanship of regulatory bodies or tribunals.

“As it is, a sizeable section of senior civil servants work for three to five years after the retirement in some capacity or the other in the government,” said a senior government official. The retirement age of college teachers and judges are also beyond 60.

As per a study, the future pension outgo for the existing Central and State government employees is estimated at a staggering R1,735,527 crore or 55.88% of GDP at market prices of 2004-05.

AI CPI-IW for March at 224, DA from July 2013 to be 89% or more

01 May, 2013 3:07p.m.

Labour Bureau, Ministry of Labour & Employment have announced the the All-India CPI-IW for the month of March, 2013 which rose by 1 point and now stands at 224. On 1-month percentage change, it increased by 0.45 per cent between February and March compared with 1.01 per cent between the same two months a year ago.

Last two months had  seen a 2 point growth in the index. With this, the Dearness allowance which is calculated based on the CPI-IW is likely to be 89% plus from July 2013. The index for the months of April, May and June has has to be available, for exact calculation. However even on assuming zero growth in the index, the worst case, the DA will be 89% from July 2013.

The largest upward contribution to the change in current index came from Food group which increased by 0.84 per cent, contributing 0.82 percentage points to the total change. This was followed by Miscellaneous group with 0.53 per cent increase contributing 0.26 percentage points to the change. At item level, largest upward pressure came from Rice, Wheat & Wheat Atta, FishFresh, Goat Meat, Vegetable Green & non-Leafy, Apple, Tea (Readymade), Firewood, Medicine (Allopathic), Private Tuition Fee, Bus Fare, Petrol, etc. However, this was compensated by Mustard Oil, Eggs (Hen), Poultry (Chicken), Onion, Potato and Sugar putting downward pressure on the index.

The year-on-year inflation measured by monthly CPI-IW stood at 11.44 per cent for February, 2013 as compared to 12.06 per cent for the previous month and 8.65 per cent during the corresponding month of the previous year. Similarly, the Food inflation stood at 13.21 per cent against 14.98 per cent of the previous month and 8.16 per cent during the corresponding month of the previous year.

12 Tips To Fight Cancer CLIK HERE

Its official - DA hike approved by the government

After long wait, the central government employees have finally got the approval for the hike in the dearness allowance. The government has announced the hike in the dearness allowance following the cabinet approval. The central government employees and the pensioners will be eligible for an 8% hike i.e. DA of 80% from January 2013. About 50 lakh employees and 30 lakh pensioners are to benefit from this hike. The employees and pensioners will be eligible for arrears for the three months.

DA hiked - 8% from Han 13
The hike comes after a long wait. The staff associations have threatened protests on April 23 against the delay in DA hike. This was the first time since 1986, since the concept of Dearness Allowance was introduced for the central government employees, the announcement got delayed by almost four months.

Eventhough the hike is announced, the demand for the DA merger with the basic remains as main unresolved issue. As per usual practice, DA is merged with basic pay when it breaches the 50% cap. This helps employees get higher allowances as those are paid as proportion of the basic pay. Various unions including the Confederation of Central Government Employees while welcoming the move, demanded the merger. We demand that they should merge up to 50 per cent DA with the basic pay as per the practice and set up the seventh pay commission at the earliest", Secretary of Confederation , K K N Kutty said. As per the practice, the DA is merged with basic pay when it breaches the 50 per cent cap. This helps employees get higher allowances as those are paid as proportion of the basic pay. 

The next DA hike that will be effective from July 2013 will be announced around September end. It is expected that the DA will be 90% then.

KKN Kutty on erosion in wages of public servants in India & 7CPC demand

The background of the demand for setting up the 7th CPC raised by the Central Government employees on the ground that the wage revision was due in January, 2011,it would be pertinent to examine the wages as a ratio to the revenue resources and revenue expenditure of the GOI in the crucial years 1960-61`,1975-=76, 1986-087, 1997-98 and 2006-07 the relevant years in which the 2nd, 3rd,4th 5th and 6th CPC recommendations were given effect to. It is not difficult to discern the declining trend over the years , which is suggestive of the erosion in the real wages of the Public servants in India. 

Revenue Budget
Wage Bill
Wage Bill as % of

Total Revenue receipts
Total Revenue Expenditure.

Revenue Receipts
Revenue expenditure.

  We could see the emerging picture of a declining trend in the ratio of wages and salaries both with reference to revenue receipts and revenue expenditure. 

Total Rev.
Total Rev.
Wages &
Salary Bill
Wage Bill as % of Revenue
Wage Bill as % of Revenue
Com K.K.N. Kutty
Secretary General.Confederation of CGEs and workers.

Ambedkar Birthday holiday on April 14(Sunday)


The Government has declared April 14 as Closed Holiday for all Central Government Offices including industrial Establishments throughout India on account of the birthday of political leader Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. However the day falls on Sunday and hence may not benefit much of the central government employees
The holiday is also being notified in exercise of the powers conferred by Section 25 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly also known as Babasaheb, was an Indian jurist, political leader, philosopher, anthropologist, historian, orator, economist, and editor. He was also the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of Indian Constitution

The order is given below

F. No.12/4/2013-JCA-2
Government of India
Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances &Pensions
(Department of Personnel &Training)
North Block, New Delhi
Dated the 8th April, 2013.

Subject: Declaration of Holiday on 14th. April, 2013- Birthday of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.

It has been decided to declare Sunday, the 14th April 2013, as a Closed Holiday on account of the birthday of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, for all Central Government Offices including Industrial Establishments throughout India.

2. The above holiday is also being notified in exercise of the powers conferred by Section 25 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881(26 of 1881).

3. All Ministries/Departments of Government of India may bring the above decision to the notice of all concerned.

(Ashok Kumar)
Deputy Secretary to the Government of India

FM on tour, hiking of the DA deferred

The decision on hiking dearness allowance (DA) of central government employees was deferred by the government today. The cabinet was supposed to approve the proposal to increase dearness allowance (DA) to 80 percent from existing 72 percent on MAC

Tuesday. The increase in DA would have benefited about 50 lakh employees and 30 lakh pensioners. It was expected the the DA hike would be announced at the cabinet meeting today. The meeting had taken place but the proposal on DA has been deferred as the Finance Minister was not present. This was informed by the Information and Broadcasting Minister Manish Tewari told reporters after the Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh here.

Finance Minister P Chidambaram is on an official visit to Japan. The minister is on a three-day official tour from Monday to woo investors. The announcement on DA hike is expected at the next cabinet meeting

Govt. may hike DA to 80% on Tuesday (02-04-2013); Confederation presses for Merger

The Union Cabinet is likely to formally approve the hike in the dearness allowance (DA) to 80 percent from existing 72 percent benefiting about 50 lakh employees and 30 lakh pensioners of the central government tomorrow (02-04-2013). "The Union Cabinet may consider the finance ministry proposal to increase the DA by 8 percent to 80 percent in its meeting scheduled for tomorrow", the source said. The hike would be effective from January 1, 2013 and the employees and pensioners would be paid Dearness Allowance DA January 2013the arrears for the three months.

There has been a delay in announcing the hike this time. Generally the DA hike which is effective from January will be announced during the third or fourth week of March.

The government had hiked DA to 72 percent in September last year, which had come into effect from July 1, 2012. The Confederation of Central Government Employees welcomed the plans for the DA hike. We demand that they should merge up to 50 per cent DA with the basic pay as per the practice and set up the seventh pay commission at the earliest", Secretary of Confederation , K K N Kutty said. As per the practice, the DA is merged with basic pay when it breaches the 50 per cent cap. This helps employees get higher allowances as those are paid as proportion of the basic pay. Before the 6th pay commission, the DA was merged to the basic as soon as it touched 50%. The 6th CPC did not recommend the merger. However the unions are continuously pressing for this merger.

Meanwhile with the AI CPI-IW for the two months of this year being available, the guess of the DA from July 2013 are making rounds. A modest approximation shows the DA at 90% from July '13.

AIRF, AIDEF joins for demanding 7th CPC and PFRDA bill withdrawal


Conf/26/2013                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Dated: 24.3.2013

Dear Comrade, 

                We invite your attention to the  efforts undertaken by us after the 12th December, one day strike action to bring about a united action by the Railway, Defence and other Central Government employees on certain pressing demands.  In this connection you will recall that Com. S.K. Vyas, our President had been writing and following it up with telephonic conversations to bring about such a platform for action. We are happy to inform you that the AIRF and AIDEF has now agreed to bring about a joint platform of action to project two important demands of the CGEs. Viz. the setting up of the 7th CPC and the withdrawal of the PFRDA Bill. 

                 We send herewith the joint Circular letter issued by the three organizations on 23.3.2013 calling upon its units to organize a joint demonstration on 29th April, 2013 in front of all offices throughout the country.  The affiliates and State Committees are requested to take initiative in organizing the programme with maximum participation of members of the three organizations at a mutually agreed Central place in all Cities/towns and other places.  All Units should be requested to send the telegram to the Prime Minister and a report of the extent of participation sent to the Confederation CHQ by 3rd May, 2013.  We shall review the participation in the programme at our National Conference at Kolkata. 

With greetings,

Yours fraternally,
K.K.N. Kutty
Secretary General.


4, State Entry Road,New Delhi-110055.


Manishinath Bhawan. A2/95 Rajouri Gardn,
New Delhi. 110 027

S.M. Joshi Bhawan, Dr. B.R.Ambedkar Road, Kirkee, PUNE. 3

 23rd March.2013

Dear Comrades,

 As  you are aware, the Government in reply to a question raised in the Parliament has stated that setting up of the 7thCentral Pay Commission  for effecting wage revision of central Government employees is not presently under its consideration.  You will recall, that  a similar statement was made by the then Finance Minister, when the demand for setting up the 6th CPC was raised by the employees.  The Joint movement of the Central Government employees, for which we created the platform of the Steering Committee of the organizations participating in the JCM under the leadership of Late Com. J.P. Chaubey, the then General Secretary of All India Railway men Federation could ensure that the Government rescind its stand then and set up the 6th CPC.  The real value of wages determined by the 6th CPC has now been eroded to the extent of above 100% due to the unprecedented inflation in the economy and spiraling rise in the prices of essential commodities.  While the Government permits wage negotiation and revision in the fully owned Public Sector Undertakings every five years, the denial to revise the wages of Central Government employees despite such large scale erosion in the real value of wages is absolutely unjustified.

 The Government had been persisting with the enactment of the PRFDA Bill in the Parliament in almost all sessions ever since the UPA II Government took over.  Ironically they could elicit support from the main Opposition Party in the country for this ill advised enactment.  Lakhs of new workers who have joined in various organizations of the Government since2004 are worried of their future, which is forlorn and bleak, in the wake of the denial of an age old social security scheme of Pension.  We have been together opposing this move right from the day, the NDA Government introduced the bill in the Parliament in 2003.  However, our efforts, actions and objections have all been ignored with disdain by the Government. Though they could not muster enough support required to pass the bill in the Parliament, the Union Cabinet has recently taken the decision to allow 49% FDI in the pension fund.

We are to channelize our efforts through a wider platform of Unity. Efforts are on anvil to bring about such a platform.  In the meantime, we have decided to call upon all Units and Branches of AiRF, Confederation and AIDEF to organize Demonstration on 29th April, 2013. in front of all offices and send the following telegram to the Prime Minister.


AIRF demands 7th pay commission with 50% or more basic pay hike.

The All India Railwaymen's Federation (AIRF) demanded that the central government should set up the seventh pay commission. The government should allot Rs 50,000 crore over the next five years to revive the ailing railways. This was among the 38  emands put forth by the AIRF. The AIRF also demanded that over 2.5 lakh posts under various categories in Indian Railways should be filled up.

This was announced by the AIRF general secretary Shiva Gopal Mishra while addressing a conference in connection with the 88th annual general conference of AIRF. He said that the basic pay of the government employees should be increased by a minimum of 50% in the seventh pay commission. He also slammed the Union finance ministry for delaying the funds being granted to the railways and said several demands were accepted by the railway board, but have been kept pending by the finance ministry. Mishra also warned the government that if it fails to meet the demands of the railway men, then they would resort to a strike.

East Coast Railway Shramik Union general secretary Ch Gandhi said AIRF wanted sanction of additional posts commensurate with increase in number of trains and workload, removal of anomalies of sixth central pay commission, a stop to outsourcing of perennial nature jobs, limiting of duty hours to a maximum of seven hours a day and increase in rate of special duty allowance by 25 %.


Initiatives taken for a Corruption Free/Transparent Administration.

Government has taken several initiatives to ensure a transparent and corruption free Administration. Speaking at the National Editor’s conference in New Delhi, Shri V. Narayanasamy, Minister Of State in the Prime Minister’s Office and Personnel, P.G. & Pensions highlighted the series of steps taken to provide a Government that is corruption-free, transparent, accountable and responsive at all times. Mr. Narayanasamy listed the RTI act, Lokpal Bill,2011, Whistle Blowers Protection Bill, 2011, “The Prevention of Bribery of Foreign Public Officials and Officials of Public international Organizations Bill, 2011” and other Administrative measures as part of the efforts to provide a transparent and corruption free Administration. 

The Minister informed that empowerment of Citizens under the RTI Act itself is evident from the fact that a total number of 7,05,976 applications were processed by designated public authorities in the Central Government during the previous financial year. Mr.Narayanasamy sought to dispel the notion that Lokpal Bill was brought after the Anna Hazare agitation. He stated that more than five months before this agitation, Prime Minister Dr.Manmohan Singh had constituted a Group of Ministers (GOM) to consider measures that can be taken by the Government to tackle corruption. The GOM has looked into specific issues such as State funding of elections; Fast tracking of all cases of public servants accused of corruption; Ensuring full transparency in public procurement and contracts, including enunciation of public procurement standards and a public procurement policy; Relinquishing discretionary powers enjoyed by Ministers; Introduction of an open and competitive system of exploiting natural resources etc. 

The Minister stated that The Lokpal Bill, 2011 has already been passed by the Lok Sabha. The Bill was then referred to a Select Committee of Rajya Sabha. The Select Committee has submitted its report to Parliament. Cabinet has accepted most of the recommendations of the Select Committee. Efforts are now underway to bring the Bill in RS. 

Mr. V. Narayanasamy expressed the resolve of the govt. to protect the honest officers and such officers who expose corruption. With this objective in mind, Govt. has formulated Whistle Blowers Protection Bill, 2011, which has been passed by the Lok Sabha and is now pending in the Rajya Sabha. 

With regard to the bribery of foreign public officials etc a standalone Bill titled “The Prevention of Bribery of Foreign Public Officials and Officials of Public International Organizations Bill, 2011” has been introduced in the Lok Sabha. The Prevention of Corruption Act is also being amended to bring the corruption in the Private Sector under its purview. 

Mr. V Narayanasamy informed about the thrust being given by the Govt. on efficient functioning of the bureaucracy and need for review of their performance. Rules have been amended to provide for two tiers of intensive reviews of All India Service Officers on completion of 15 years of qualifying service and again on completion of 25 years of qualifying service, to assess the suitability of the officers for their further retention in service. 

A number of other legislations have been initiated to usher in greater transparency and accountability. ‘Right of Citizens for time-bound delivery of Goods and Services and Redressal of their Grievances Bill’, 2011, intends to make the Citizens’ Charter statutory and to endow the public with the right to delivery of goods and services in a time bound manner. The Government is making all efforts to move the official amendments in the ongoing budget session. 

The minister stated that comprehensive reform attempts are made through the implementation of the recommendations of the Administrative Reforms Commissions. The 2nd Administrative Reforms Commission was constituted in 2005 to prepare a detailed blueprint for revamping the public administration system in the country. The ARC had submitted 15 reports containing 1251 recommendations. Out of these 1251 recommendations, more than 900 recommendations have been accepted by the Government. 

Mr. V Narayanasamy stressed on the need for E-Governance initiatives for providing a transparent administration. He informed that a framework for efficient handling of public grievances through the Centralised Public Grievance Redress and Monitoring System (CPGRMS) is already in place. Pilot implementation of the e-Office project, which is one of the mission mode projects under the National e-Governance Plan is being carried out.

The minister informed that the Ministry has taken a number of steps over the years for streamlining the pension administration system for greater convenience and welfare of the pensioners. The Department of Pension & Pensioners' Welfare has developed a web-based 'Pensioners' Portal', a Mission Mode Project (MMP) under the National e-Governance Plan of Government of India. Mr. Narayanasamy listed the New Initiatives taken by Department of Pension that has resulted in significant relief to the pensioners. 

DOPT Brochure on Preparation of APAR clik here

Lok Sabha Q&A : Interest paid on income tax refund delay

The below information was said in a written reply to a question about interest paid on income tax refund amount due to delay in Lok Sabha by the Minister of State for Finance Shri.S.S.Palanimanickam on 1st March, 2013 as follows…
Tax RefundThe Income Tax Act 1961, stipulates that refund to a taxpayer shall include interest on excess collection of taxes, as under:
i.In case of processing of the return of income: From 1st April of the Assessment Year to the date of processing of return, and
ii..In case of giving effect to appellate orders etc: From the date/s of payment of excess tax to the date of giving effect to the appellate order.
It is hence submitted that payment of interest on refund is not on account of delay in issuance of refunds but is a statutory obligation arising on account of provisions inbuilt in the law itself.The amount of funds spent on payment of interest on excess tax in past three years is tabulated as under:
Financial Year Interest paid on refund (in Rs. Crores)
2009-10 6876
2010-11 10499
2011-12 6486
2012-13 Not Available
The outgo towards interest on refunds is treated as “reduction from gross tax collections” and is an integral part of “Deduct Refund”.
Following steps have been taken to ensure timely refunds:-
i. Promoting e-filing of the returns for speedy processing.
ii. Centralized Processing Centre (CPC) at Bengaluru has been set up to process e-returns of the entire country.
iii. To expedite faster issue, dispatch and delivery of refunds, issuance of refunds through Refund Banker.
iv. Through Citizens’ Charter and other press releases issued by the Department, tax payers are requested to carefully mention the relevant particulars in return of income.
v. TDS deductors are required to compulsorily e-file their TDS returns on quarterly basis.
vi. Quoting of PAN by deductors in their return has been made mandatory. For improved compliance, failure to provide PAN number to deductor now results in higher rate of TDS.
vii. Online viewing of the Tax Credit Statement in Form 26AS is made available to tax payers so that they can verify the TDS details before filing the return of income and take proper steps with the deductor(s) to rectify mistakes, if any.


Govt. non committal on reservation in promotions for the OBCs

The government on issue of reservation in promotions for the OBCs remained non committal. The Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions and Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office Shri V. Narayanasamy, while replying to Lok Sabha to the query whether the Government is considering to provide reservation in promotion for OBCs and backward minorities on ground of their backwardness skipped direct answer ad quoted some earlier recommendations by different committees.

The Department related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Personnel, Public Grievances, Law & Justice in its report in the year 2005, while examining the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes (Reservation in Posts and Services), Bill 2004, in its report on the issue of whether OBCs should be given reservation in promotions like SCs/ STs, observed that to meet the constitutional obligation to provide adequate representation to these classes, Government should consider extending reservation to the members of other backward classes in promotions also and bring an amendment to the Constitution to give effect to this proposal.

The Group of Ministers on the Bill considered the recommendations of the Parliamentary Standing Committee for Personnel and felt that the condition of OBCs is very different from that of the SCs/STs both in terms of Constitutional provisions as well as ground realities.

Earlier, during the Winter Session of Parliament, SP had raised the issue of providing reservation for OBCs – its core vote base – and Muslims in government job promotions on the lines of a bill which gives such benefits to SCs and STs. The DMK chief M Karunanidhi had supported the demand for "promotion quota" for OBCs on par with the one proposed for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, other chieftains like Lalu Prasad and N Chandrababu Naidu on Thursday threw their weight behind the fresh quota clamour.

Employee Provident Fund Status Online















Confederation publishes the detailed note on 15 Point Charter of Demands clik here to see

Article : Rationale behind demand for 7th Pay Commission clik here to see

Budget 2013 : Its disappointment again

The Union Minister P Chidambaram on Thursday presented his eighth annual budget in Parliament and the much anticipated one turned out to be a totally disappointing one. The working class especially the central and government employees were expecting some changes in tax rates, exemptions, deduction etc. It was told that the current slabs were introduced last year. Hence there is no case of revising either

Despite high hopes the minister did not tinker with the Income Tax slabs. The personal income tax slabs and rates remains untouched. A tax credit of Rs. 2000 for every person who has an annual income of up to Rs. 5 lakh was announced. This may benefit few of the staff.

One positive announcement was that housing loan for first time loan takers of up to Rs 25 lakh would get additional deduction of interest of up to Rs 1 lakh in 2013-14. The additional exemption would mean tax benefit gets raised from Rs 1.5 lakh to Rs 2.5 lakh. This is only applicable for the year 2013-2014 for housing loans limit till Rs 25 lakh.

Apart from taxes, Mobile phones, dinning out, cigarettes, SUVs, motorbikes, set-up boxes get expensive. The minister proposed an increase in import duty on mobile phones priced above Rs 2,000 from the existing 1 per cent to 6 per cent. Service tax was announced on all A/C restaurants.

The 26,000-crore Bharat bandh: 10 facts about Day 2

New Delhi: 
The two-day Bharat bandh called by 11 major trade unions is costing the country about 26,000 crores, according to the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (Assocham).
Here are the 10 big facts about Day 2:
  1. At least eight factories in Delhi's industrial belt of Okhla were vandalised by a mob this afternoon. The police said some arrests have been made, but did not share more details. Hundreds attacked at least eight factories in the capital Thursday during the final day of a two-day nationwide strike called by major trade unions, police said. Tweets from people who work in Okhla referred to cars being attacked too. (Factories attacked in Delhi)

  2. The violence today follows yesterday's hours-long rampage in Noida, 15 kms from Delhi. 100 people have been arrested. Nearly 600 offices were damaged and 25 cars were set on fire. (100 arrested for Noida violence)

  3. In Gurgaon, also near Delhi, many multi-national companies are closed today. Union leaders in the area have promised that their strike will be peaceful.

  4. In Bengal, Trinamool Congress workers have allegedly cut off the ear of a panchayat worker for not reporting to work yesterday. The man has been rushed to a Behrampore hospital in critical condition.

  5. In Delhi, public transport has been affected. Auto-rickshaws are tough to find, and the Delhi Metro is more crowded than usual.

  6. Bangalore: Schools and colleges are closed but the city's large conglomerate of IT companies is open.

  7. Thiruvananthapuram: There's no public transport and shops are shut for the second day. The government has issued a no-work-no-pay warning for its employees, which has been largely ignored. Private offices are reporting thin attendance. Universities have cancelled examinations. Passengers arriving at the train station and airport are being given lifts in police vans. Long queues were seen at the few petrol pumps open. (Shutdown in Kerala for second day)

  8. Lucknow: 9,000 government buses are not running. Government-owned banks are closed. ATMs have run out of cash.

  9. Parliamentarians from Left parties are not attending the first day of the budget session today in a show of support for trade unions.

  10. 26 public sector banks have been closed for business since yesterday. Their 10 lakh employees are on strike. (Bank operations hit) The 11 trade unions who have called the strike want better enforcement of labour laws and are unhappy with high prices and inflation.



How to claim income tax deductions

It financial year end and the only thing that will bother you is your submission of the prrofs for income tax deductions and exemptions. If an employee fails to do so, the deductions and exemptions claimed can be denied by the employer. Hence, plan your taxes-submit the proofs to the employer and claim the benefit of tax exemption/deduction in your Form 16 and reduce your tax burden.

Some of these exemptions/ deductions are discussed below.
  • House Rent Allowance (HRA) - You have to produce the rent recipt from the house owner to claim HRA exemption. In case the HRA received per month is Rs 3,000 or less, the employee need not produce any supporting documents for such rent payments. How ever the tax officer, at the time of assessment/enquiry, shall still have the right to call for the supporting documents. If the annual rent paid by the employee exceeds Rs 2,00,000, it is mandatory for the employee to report the PAN of the landlord to the employer in addition to the receipt. 
  • Leave Travel Allowance (LTA) - In general LTA can be exempted from tax twice in a block of four calendar years. This is as applicable for the government employees. The travel fares availed for the LTC is not taxable. 
  • Medical expenses - Reimbursement towards medical expenses incurred in connection with family members to the extent of Rs 15,000 is exempted from tax.  Any additional reimbursement is taxable.

  • Housing loan certificate - Repayment of principal amounts could provide a deduction within the total limit of Rs 1,00,000 along with other eligible investments under Section 80C.  The interest upto 1,50,000 for self occupied and full interest for other wise is deductable from the taxable income. The exemptions can be claimed  by  submitting a provisional certificate for the housing loan from the banker as the proof to the employer. 
  • Premium for life insurance policy for self, spouse and any child shall be eligible for deduction.  For policies issued after 1 April 2012, deduction shall be restricted to the premium amount not exceeding 10 per cent capital sum assured. Provide your employer with these details to substantiate that these limits are being maintained to ensure that the benefit is granted. 
  • Contribution to a PPF in the name of self, spouse and any child is eligible for deduction under Section 80C. The maximum contribution to this account during the financial year cannot exceed Rs 1,00,000.  The annual accretion to the account is not taxable. A copy of the PPF passbook and payment receipt should be provided to the employer. 
  • Five-year bank fixed deposits (FDs): FDs with a scheduled bank with a lock in period of five years are eligible for deduction under section 80C. However, it needs to be kept in mind that the interest on these FDs is taxable and should be included in the return.  
  • Equity-linked savings schemes qualify for deduction under Section 80C. An account statement from the mutual fund house or an acknowledgment receipt for the investment need to be submitted to the employer to claim this deduction. Long-term capital gain and dividend on these funds and scheme are exempted from tax where securities transaction tax is paid. 
  • Tuition fees for full-time education of any two children to any university, college, school or other educational institution situated in India whether at the time of admission or thereafter is eligible for deduction.   Deduction under Section 80C is available for such payments. Full-time education includes play-school, pre-nursery and nursery classes. The amount eligible for deduction shall include any payment of fee except the amount paid as development fee or donation or capitation fee. The receipt may be produced as the proof.
  • Medical insurance premium: Premium paid in any mode other than cash for self, spouse and dependent children can be deducted up to Rs 15,000 per annum; an additional Rs 5,000 can be claimed if they are senior citizens.  In addition to this, premium paid for parents' health cover can be claimed as deduction up to Rs 15,000, with an additional deduction of up to Rs 5,000 for senior citizens. Further, deduction can be claimed up to Rs 5,000 (paid in any mode including payment by cash) on account of preventive health checkup within the overall limit of Rs 15,000/20,000. Receipts of insurance premium/ health checkup expenditure need to be submitted to the employer to claim this deduction.   
  • Interest on education loan: Deduction can be claimed for interest paid on an education loan taken from an approved institution for higher education of self/spouse/ children/student for whom employee is a legal guardian. It is available for eight years starting from the financial year in which the individual starts paying interest.
  • Donations to certain funds/charitable institutions: Section 80G provides for deduction on account of donations made to various funds, charitable organizations, etc. However, for tax withholding purpose, the employer considers only the donations made to the Prime Minister's National Relief Fund, the Chief Minister's Relief Fund or any other fund notified by the tax authorities in this regard.  Other donations must be claimed separately on the tax return.

Doubling of Patient CareAllowances to Gr 'C' and 'D' (Non-Ministerial) employees

Government of India
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
(Hospital Section)

Nirman Bhawan, New Delhi,
Dated 17th December, 2012


Subject : Doubling of existing rate of Payment of Hospital Patient Care Allowances / Patient Care Allowances to eligible Group 'C' and 'D'  (Non-Ministerial) employees working in Hospitals  Dispensaries and Organizations w.e.f.1.9.2008.

The undersigned is directed to convey the approval of the Union Cabinet for doubling the existing rate of payment of HPCA / PCA to all eligible Group 'C' and 'D' employees working in Hospitals, Dispensaries and Organizations in the Central Government from the period w.e.f. 1.9.2008. The amount of HPCA/PCA would be automatically raised by 25% every time the Dearness Allowance on the revised pay structure goes up by 50%. This is subject to the following terms and conditions :-

(i) HPCA/PCA may be admissible in case the individual proceeds on leave/training for less than one calender month.

(ii) HPCA / PCA may not be admissible in case the individual proceeds on leave/training for more than one calender month.

(iii) HPCA / PCA should not be admissible in case of unauthorized leave.

This issues with the approval of Department of Personnel and training vide their D.O. No.21012/01/2010-Estt.(AL) dated 18th October, 2012 and U.O. of even number dated 11th December, 2012.

Know your PAN card better

The importance of Permanent Account Number (PAN) card has grown over the years, and it is today an essential part of our lives. The most important purpose of allotting PAN to an entity is for the purpose of identification and to track all the related monetary information of that entity. Initially, the significance of PAN was for filing income tax returns. Over time, PAN was used in dealings with the stock markets, banks and purchase of real estate and vehicles. Today, PAN has started finding use in unconventional areas as well, as follows:

•    Bank Fixed Deposits: If you open a fixed deposit with your bank for an amount exceeding Rs. 50,000, a copy of PAN card needs to be given. In absence of PAN, the bank will deduct TDS of 20% or at the prevailing rate, whichever is higher (instead of the normal 10%). Further, the bank will not issue TDS certificate. Form 15G/15H and other exemption certificates will be invalid in this case.

•    Payment in Hotels and Restaurants: You may asked to submit a copy of your PAN if you pay cash in hotels or restaurants against bills for an amount exceeding Rs. 25,000

•    Payment to Travel Agents: Cash payment more than Rs. 25,000 for travel to any foreign country (fare or purchase of foreign currency) in a single payment requires you to produce your PAN copy

•    Rental Agreements: Nowadays, landlords demand a copy of the PAN card of tenants, as the primary ID proof, while letting out their property.

•    Jewellery shops: High-value purchase of jewellery in cash should be accompanied by a copy of the PAN card of the buyer, mainly as a means to curb black money usage.

Other usages of PAN include:

•    Payment in Second Hand Car Dealings

    Installation of Telephone

•    Visa Facilitation Centres

It is seen that quoting or producing a copy of your PAN card is compulsory in practically every money transaction, and not restricted to Income Tax dealings. The significance of PAN cannot be questioned as this has become the primary document sought in all important legitimate dealings.

Do NRIs require PAN Card?

As PAN is required for any financial transaction in India, an NRI will need to have a PAN card if he has an income in India and has to file returns, if he wishes to invest in India, when he carries out banking transactions, if he purchases real estate or for any transaction mentioned above.

Beware of PAN Frauds:

The increasing importance of PAN has increased the likeliness of PAN Card identity theft. The safeguarding of the physical copy of the PAN card no longer assures that your card is not being misused. As a majority of transactions demand a photocopy of your PAN card, or simply quoting the Permanent Account Number, it is very easy for your information to be misused for high ticket purchases or benami property transactions. A copy of your PAN card or simply its number can be quoted in transactions, which you are not even a part of.

Example of how your information can be misused: Recently, a consumer activist group revealed that the PAN card copy used in Railway ticket Tatkal bookings were misused by several jewellers. When an individual produces his PAN to book the Tatkal tickets, this information is fed in the Indian Railways system and also displayed on the ticket, reservation chart and train coaches. Unscrupulous jewellers steal this information from such public displays and use it to furnish tax collected details while they sell jewellery of very high value to high-net worth individuals who do not wish to produce their PAN.
If this happens to you?

When your PAN card is illegally used, you may not even be aware of this for atleast 6 months after the wrong transaction. You can check for such benami transactions by going through your Form 26AS, which is a consolidated statement of tax deducted, along with other details. If you are a non-tax paying PAN card holder, you may not even be able to check this form. The Income Tax department will require the PAN card holder to prove that the transaction was not carried out by him, and also give details on his source of funds. This becomes very difficult and time-consuming. As a PAN card holder, you should take care while disclosing your PAN details to anyone. You must hand over only signed photocopies and try to reduce using PAN in all casual transactions as ID proof.

Phonetic PAN (PPAN):

The phonetic PAN (PPAN) is a new concept introduced to prevent a single PAN being allotted to more than one assessee with same or similar names. When PAN is allotted, the PPAN of the assessee is compared with the PPANs of all the assessees to whom PAN has been allotted in the country. A warning is sounded off if a matching PPAN is detected. A duplicate PPAN report is then generated. A new PAN can be allotted only if the Assessing Officer overrides this duplicate PPAN detection.

Thus the PAN is a key document today and even takes predominance over your name as far as the tax authorities are concerned.

Nearly Ten lakhs Central Government employees took part in the one day token strike today, the 12th December, 2012 on the call of the Confederation of Central Government employees and workers, paralyzing the governmental functions in various departments throughout the country. The strike was to protest against the continued efforts of the Government to enact the PFRDA Bill, whereby the existing defined benefit pension of Government employees is sought to be converted into a defined contributory pension scheme. Every reason, the Government advanced at the time of the introduction of the new scheme is found to be incorrect and misleading by the Experts Committee set up by the Government itself.

Besides, the employees had been demanding wage revision by setting up the 7th Central Pay Commission, filling up large number of vacant posts, regularization of the service of Grameen Dak Sewaks/Casual/daily-rated workers, revival of the negotiating machinery i.e. JCM, removal of restrictions on compassionate appointments, introduction of Public Distribution system to arrest the ever increasing prices of essential commodities, stoppage of outsourcing, contractorisation, privatization etc. 

As per the report received the strike was total in Assam, Tripura, West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Kerala, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand and beyond 80% in Maharashtra, Karnataka, U.P. Bihar, and about 60% in other States. The Postal, Income tax, Groundwater Board departments came to a grinding halt in all States, as the offices could not be opened at all. In Income tax Department, the promotee officers also joined the strike paving way of a complete closure. Many establishments of Atomic Energy, Printing and Stationery, Defence accounts, Medical Depots, Audit and Accounts Departments, Civil Accounts, CGHS, Indian Bureau of Mines, Directorate of Marketing Inspection, Geological Survey of India, Archaeological and Botanical Survey of India etc. remained closed. 

The organizers of the Strike have asserted that they will make the general strike of workers slated for 20th and 21st February, 2013 a grand success by enlisting participation of all sections of the Central Government employees. 

The Confederation will strive to organize an indefinite strike in pursuance of the 15 point charter of demands in 2013 if no settlement is brought about by the Government by then.


LTC for the newly recruited CGEs

Leave Travel Concession for Central Government employees in general provides for reimbursement of fare entitled to the employee and his / her family concerned for the travel to home town twice in four years or to a place any where in India in lieu of one home town travel concession once in four years.

As far as newly recruited Central Government Employees are concerned, LTC Scheme provides for some additional benefits which are discussed in this article.

LTC Scheme after implementation of Sixth Pay Commission report – Benefits to Fresh Recruits in the form of additional LTC trips
LTC Rules amended after implementation of sixth pay commission provides certain more Benefits to Fresh Recruits in the form of allowing additional home town trips under LTC (after completion of one year of continuous service in central government service)
As per the amendment made in Rule 8 of LTC Rules, Fresh recruits to Central Government may be are allowed to travel to their home town along with their families on three occasions in a block of four years and to any place in India on the fourth occasion.
This facility shall be available to the Government officers only for the first two blocks of four years applicable after joining the Government for the first time. In other words after completion of one year of continuous service in Central Government service one can avail LTC for three Home town trips and one All India trip in each of two LTC blocks that fall in in the first eight years of Government service

The blocks of 4 years shall apply with reference to the initial date of joining the Government even though the employee changes the job within Government subsequently. The existing blocks will remain the same but the entitlements of the new recruit will be different in the first eight years of service.

After grant of this additional LTC benefits to fresh recruits, doubts were raised whether this additional benefits can be allowed Central Government Employees who have joined in the Government Service prior to 23.09.2008 (i.e. before the date of issue of OM) but yet to complete 8 years of service.

Later, DOPT clarified in this aspect to the effect that all Government servants who have not completed 8 years of service as on 01.09.2008 would be entitled for the LTC benefits available to fresh recruits.

Married and unmarried Central Government Employees can travel to home availing LTC once a year in one block of 4 years:**
This benefit was available even prior to implementation of sixth pay Commission. Under this clause, Married and unmarried Central Government Employees can travel to home availing LTC once a year in one LTC block of 4 years. There is no restriction in the form of number of years of service to avail LTC in this clause. However, this LTC for travel to home town once a year in the block of 4 years restricted to employee only. The family of the employee is not entitled LTC under this clause.
However, following conditions are to be satisfied in order to avail additional Home Town Trips in one LTC block:
  1. The family of Central Government Employee should be living away from him/her at her/his home town.
  2. No other LTC claim including LTC to all India and home town can be made by the employee for self and his/her family in the LTC block.
(** It is just an assumption that family of fresh recruits would usually be away from him/her at his/her home town. In fact this facility is available all central government employees whose family is at home town. There is no restriction in the form of number of years of service completed)

AI CPI-IW at 215; 80% DA likely from Jan 2013

The All-India CPI-IW for September, 2012 was announced yesterday. It rose by 1 point and pegged at 215 (two hundred and fifteen). On 1-month percentage change, it increased by only 0.47 per cent between August and September as compared with 1.55% between the same months a year ago.

The largest upward contribution to the change in current index came from food items which increased by 0.87 per cent, contributing 0.68 percentage points to the total change. At item level, largest upward pressure came from Rice, Wheat & Wheat Atta, Grinding Charges, Arhar Dal, Eggs-Hen, Fish Fresh, Goat Meat, Milk-Buffalo, Tea (readymade), etc. Miscellaneous items like Electricity Charges, Fire wood, Medicine (Allopathic), etc. also put upward pressure in total change.

The Dearness allowance which is calculated based on the CPI-IW is likely to be 80% from January 2013

Moderation of Paper-III - Allied Law of ITI DE 2012.  for the order CLIK HERE
10 questions of Paper III of ITI 2012 Departmental Examination will not be taken into account for the purpose of evaluation and scoring will be done out of 90 marks. Thereafter the marks of candidates will be recomputed as out of 100.

Railway Ministry requests Finance Ministry to increase IT exemption for TA upto 3200 + DA


No. F(X) I-2012/23/9

New Delhi, Dated: 10.10.2012.


Sub:- Exemption of Transport Allowance from the purview of Income Tax -Enhancement of exemption limit from Rs.800 to Rs.3200 plus D.A. thereon.

   The undersigned is directed to draw the attention of the Ministry of Finance (Department of Revenue) Central Board of Direct Taxes towards para 5.2(10) (i) at page 14 of their Circular No. 05/2011 dated 16.08.2011 wherein it has been specified that the transport allowance granted to an employee to meet his expenditure for the purpose of commuting between the place of his residence and the place of duty is exempt to the extent of Rs. 800/- per month.

   Representations are being received in the Ministry of Railways from various federations of Railways. The Federations have represented that Transport Allowance was introduced with the concept of providing financial support to the Central Government Employees who incur considerable amounts for their day-to-day travel from their residence to the work place. This had materialized based on the recommendations of the V CPC which introduced Transport Allowance in 3 slabs at the rate of Rs. 100. Rs. 400 and Rs. 800, based on the classification of the cities/towns under Urban Agglomeration Act. Further, a prerequisite was introduced to allow this facility for those who stay beyond 1 km radius from the place of work.

   A decision was taken to equate such allowance on par with normal Travelling/Daily Allowance and these amounts have also been exempted from computation of annual income and exempted from the purview of Income Tax vide Income Tax(Eighth Amendment) Rules, 1995 notified vide F.No. 142/9/95-TPL dt. 7-7-1995.

   The VI CPC, while reviewing the system of grant of Transport Allowance has recommended to enhance the same from Rs. 100 to Rs. 800, Rs. 400 to Rs. 1600 and Rs. 800 to Rs. 3200, for Pay Bands 1 to 4 respectively. The City Compensatory Allowance was Withdrawn. It was also recommended to provide the coverage of D.A. to Transport Allowance as per increase in the Consumer Price Index.

   Ministry of Finance are therefore requested to include the request of the Railways for taking due action for enhancing exemption of Transport Allowance from the purview of Income Tax from Rs. 800/- to Rs. 3200/- plus DA Thereon.

(M.Anand Krishna)
Deputy Director, Finance (Exp.)
Railway Board.

NPS : Cabinet approves amendmended PFRDA Bill with option of Minimum Assured Return

The union cabinet today approved the introduction of certain official amendments to the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) Bill, 2011 that allows the subscriber seeking minimum assured returns to opt for investing his funds in such schemes providing minimum assured returns as may be notified by the Authority.

These official amendments have been necessitated in view of the recommendations of the Standing Committee on Finance which has examined the Bill. Based on the recommendations of the Standing Committee on Finance, the Government has decided to accept the following:

  1. That the subscriber seeking minimum assured returns shall be allowed to opt for investing his funds in such schemes providing minimum assured returns as may be notified by the Authority;

  2. PensionWithdrawals not exceeding 25 per cent of the contribution made by subscriber will be permitted from the individual pension account subject to the conditions, such as, purpose, frequency and limits, as may be specified by regulations by the Pension Fund Regulatory Authority and Development Authority (PFRDA)

  3. The foreign investment ceiling in the pension sector at 26 per cent or such percentage as may be approved for the Insurance Sector, whichever is higher may be incorporated in the present legislation;

  4. To establish a vibrant Pension Advisory Committee with representation from all major stakeholders to advise PFRDA on important matters of framing of regulations under the PFRDA Act.

  5. The membership of the PFRDA will be confined to professionals having expertise in economics, finance or law only.

Cabinet approves hike in risk, hospital care allowance

The cabinet today approved revision of rates of Hospital Patient Care Allowance and Patient Care Allowance and Risk Allowance entitled central government employees. The rates are to double from existing rates with effect from September 1, 2008

The revision of the risk allowance given to central government employees engaged in hazardous duties across the country will result in considerable financial savings as compared to the Risk Insurance Schemes or Packages. The doubling of the rate of Risk Allowance, Hospital Patient Care Allowance and Patient Care Allowance would be Rs 42.16 crore per annum, as against Rs 503.26 crore plus service tax (approximately) for implementing the risk insurance package.

Medical Allowance
The amount of Risk Allowance, Hospital Patient Care Allowance and Patient Care Allowance will be raised by 25 per cent every time the Dearness Allowance on the revised pay structure goes up by 50 per cent. The current DA stands at 72%.

The proposed revision in the rates of Risk Allowance, Hospital Patient Care Allowance and Patient Care Allowance will benefit certain categories of central government employees engaged in duties involving special risks.

Risk allowance, which varies from Rs 20 to Rs 200, are given to employees engaged in duties involving greater hazards or whose health is liable to be affected progressively over a long period of time.

The allowance is given to all class of employees, including sweepers engaged in cleaning of underground drains, sewer lines and those working in trenching grounds and infectious diseases hospitals.

Hospital Patient Care and Patient Care Allowance is entitled to select employees from Group C (Clerical) and D (lower grade including peons).

Ministry of Finance issues order on DA hike

The Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance has issued orders for increasing the DA from 65% to 72% for Central Government Employees.

Dearness Allowance hiked by 7% to 72%

The Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh led Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) met today evening and cleared the dearness allowance hike. The meeting which supposed to take place last Friday was postponed due to political reasons. The hike will be 7 per cent and the new DA will be 72 per cent of the basic pay for all central government employees. The hike will be effective from July 1, 2012, and employees will get arrears from that date.

Dearness allowance The hike is expected to cost government an additional Rs. 7,400 crore a year on the exchequer. The decision, which would benefit about 50 lakh of employees and 30 lakh pensioners of the central government

The government had last increased DA in March this year from 58 per cent to 65 per cent, which was effective from January 1, 2012.

The government periodically hikes the DA, which is calculated based on the consumer price index for industrial workers (CPI-IW). The consumer price index (CPI) based on movement in retail prices, soared to 10.03% in August, from 9.86% in July, which means a higher DA hike next time.

CCS Leaves available FOR CG EMPLOYEES available under Examinations - OTHERS


Oops.. The Cabinet meeting on DA hike postponed to next week

The meeting of the Union Cabinet, which was scheduled to consider the DA hike for the central government employees and pensioners, has been put postponed to next week.

"The Cabinet, CCEA (Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs) and CCI (Cabinet Committee on Infrastructure) meetings scheduled for Friday, have been postponed," an official announcement said.

Cabinet meetings are supposed to take place on Thursdays, but they have been postponed owing to political turmoil.

However the the figures (7%) as well as cabinet approval for the DA hike is just a formality and may not include a decision as it is based on the CPI-IW which has already been published. Even after the cabinet approval, it will take few days for the Finance Ministry to issue order

Public life of Periyar

that throws light on the movements essential Philosophy and Policy

The principles and practices of Dravidar Kazhagam bear a very strong impress of the personality of Periyar E.V.Ramasamy, the founder of the movement, and even after him. It is basically guided by the precedents he has set, the methods he has followed and lessons he has taught. So in order to understand the activities of Dravidar Kazhagam, we should acquaint ourselves with an account of Periyar's public life.

Periyar's entry into public life on a wider scale, transcending his own district of Coimbatore that included Erode till 1979, happened in 1917 when he became one of the Vice Presidents of Madras Presidency Association that stood for self-government as well as social justice. He became a member of Indian National Congress party in 1919, resigning 29 pubic and official posts, including the Chairmanship of Erode Municipal Council, heeding Mahatma Gandhi's call to boycott everything under the British rule. As a very successful wholesale merchant of farm products, he was earning a lot and was paying income tax. After joining the Congress, he gave up his lucrative profession. Instead of wearing fine costly clothes, which he did so far, he began to wear rough hand-spun and hand-woven clothes. Besides being imprisoned for picketing toddy shops at Erode, he made his wife Nagammai and sister Kannammai to participate in the agitation. Mahatma Gandhi wrote about this incident, appreciating the zeal of E.V.Ramasamy, in `Young India' dated 22nd December, 1921 under the sub heading `Toll from Dravida Desa'. As toddy is obtained from coconut trees, he felled 500 of them, grown in his grove at Thathampatti near Salem. Strictly adhering to the Congress party's decision to boycott courts of law, he discarded Rs. 50,000 worth of promissory notes he had with him.

In 1922, when the Tamil Nadu Congress Committee met at Tiruppur, now a world famous hosiery centre between Coimbatore and Erode, he moved a resolution that called for permitting people of all castes to enter into temples and worship the gods. This step was one of the measures meant to abolish untouchability. But the Brahmins, who dominated the Subjects Committee foiled the attempt to move the resolution on the ground that it was against the Hindu Scriptures that upheld Varna Jathi System. At this juncture, Periyar E.V.R., for the first time, threatened to burn Ramayana, Mahabaratha, Manu Smiriti and other `holy' works that justified birth-based social inequality and human indignity. From now on, even as a Congressman, he began to criticize severely in public meetings those portions of scriptures that did not appeal to common sense and reason or acted as hindrances to achieve social equality and fraternity.

When the Swarajists in Congress proposed in 1923, to amend the party rules to enable the members to contest the public elections and enter into the legislatures, Periyar opposed the move. Before making any change in the Party's stand of Non-cooperation, paving the way to enter the portals of power, he wanted the Congress to accept the principles of social justice and the programme of communal representation.



The leaders of Kerala Congress, launched the famous Vaikom Satyagraha in 1924, demanding the right for the depressed castes (Awarnaas and Panchamas) to use the roads around the temples and the public places. But soon it landed in the doldrums when all the leaders were put behind the bars. So they appealed to E.V.Ramasamy, who was then the President of the Tamil Nadu Congress, to go over to Vaikom in the Princely State of Travancore (Thiruvancoor) to revive the spirit of the agitators and continue the peaceful struggle. As he was asked to shoulder the responsibility very dear to his heart, he immediately started and soon reached the spot. As it was his wont, he threw himself into the struggle wholeheartedly. He spoke to the individuals addressed the small and big gatherings, speaking in simple Tamil or broken Malayalam, but always with great zeal and convincing logic. When people witnessed his working with sincere devotion, dedication and determination, they helped him in all possible ways, and large number of them came forward to support the agitation and participate in it. EVR was imprioned for his activities, defying ban orders. First, he underwent simple imprisonment, and subsequently he was sentenced to rigorous imprisonment. But the suppressive measures only helped the Satyagraha to gain momentum. When the government came to know that all the right thinking persons and general public was in favor of the cause of the agitators, it decided to bow to their demands. It threw open the roads around the Mahadevar temple to people of all castes. People of Tamil Nadu hailed EVR as `Vaikom Hero', a title coined by Thiru Vi.Kalyanasundaranar, an erudite Tamil scholar, a selfless Congress leader and a pioneer in labour movement.


Year of notable events

The year 1925, was a significant one in Periyar's life. He started the Tamil Weekly, `Kudi Arasu' (Republic) on 2nd May. The objectives of the magazine were declared in the first issue: it will work for the upliftment of every community; it will promote the principles of self-respect, equality and fraternity; as the feeling of high and low acts as pouring oil into the raging fire of caste conflicts, this feeling should be removed, and that true wisdom of considering all as equals should be promoted among the people. Periyar used this magazine as a powerful instrument to shape the outlook of the people on progressive lines by exposing the unjust, cruel and irrational practices, and by inducing them to imbibe the spirit of rationalism and humanism.

As an alternative to the schools aided by the British Indian government, a school by name Gurukulam was run at Seranmahadevi near Tirunelveli in the South Tamil Nadu. It received financial support from Tamil Nadu Congress committee. In 1924, it was known that the Gurukulam served food separately to the Brahmin and non-Brahmin students. They were also made to stay and pray separately. The non-Brahmin members of the Congress party protested against this discriminatory practice and complained to Mahatma Gandhi. But, one V.V.S.Ayyar, die hard Brahmin who pressed for the status quo did not heed his advice. E.V.Ramasamy was naturally dismally disappointed that the Gurukulam perpetuated the tradition of treating different sections of people as high and low on the basis of their birth in a particular caste. So, as the Secretary of the Tamil Nadu Congress Committee, he stopped payment and the school was closed in the course of time due to lack of funds and the unanimous opposition of the non-Brahmin members of the Congress.

Another significant event that took place in the same year compelled Periyar EVR to take a decisive step in his public life. Being a staunch believer of social justice, he wanted the Congress party to accept the policy of reservation or communal representation. As a matter of fact, he became a member of the party only on the assurance that this particular demand would be accepted by the organization. From 1919, the year he joined the congress, to 1924, the year he became the President of the provincial unit, he consistently tried every year to make the Tamil Nadu Congress Committee to adopt a resolution accepting reservation as the official policy of the party. But influential Brahmin members frustrated all his efforts by hook or by crook. But failures would not make EVR to give up his work in a just cause. He made a final attempt at the Provincial Conference held at Kancheepuram in November 1925. But here also they succeeded in preventing his resolution to be put to vote. It was then he decided to quit the Congress party forever to secure justice for the downtrodden.



After seven years of sincere public service and great sacrifice from 1919 to 1925, E.V.Ramasamy quit Indian National Congress as he found that organization dominated by Brahmins and their henchmen who justified social injustice and inequality based on blind tradition and religious beliefs. He took the historic step of starting the Self-Respect Movement in 1925 and vigorously worked for the eradication of all kinds of birth-based inequalities and discriminations. He campaigned against Varna Jathi (Caste system) and subjugation of women. He was an uncompromising advocate of communal representation or reservation for disadvantaged section of society to promote social justice.

As a means to bring about revolutionary social change, Periyar not only instilled the feeling of self-respect, but also urged to learn new things and to think rationally. Though a non-believer from very early age, he began his energetic public denunciation of gods, scriptures and religions only when they were repeatedly and effectively used as obstacles to his attempts to create an egalitarian society. So long as people cling to blind faith in super-natural phenomena and follow inhuman superstitious practices, they could not experience peace, progress and prosperity.

Periyar EVR was convinced that intellectual awakening of the masses and social equality are the pre-requisites of permanently attaining the socialist state where there will be no hatred and conflict due to economic exploitation, but progress with stability. Those who have imbibed the spirit of self-respect do not consider others, as intrinsically their superiors or inferiors. Cultivation of such an attitude goes a long way to achieve and preserve cultural emancipation, socio-economic equality and political independence.



1. Periyar's dedicated services to the down-trodden, his ceaseless efforts to enlighten the masses and his daring, energetic but peaceful methods of struggle against stifling socio-religious and cultural practices that degraded the original habitant of this land as Sudras and Panchamas under Varna Dharma have produced a historic change in the outlook and behaviors of the common people. His followers decisively discord casteism, and divisions and distinctions based on it. To them, there are no everlasting divine revelations. They consider principles and practices, religious tenets and traditions, social customs and habits as products of

Global warming can intensify tropical rainfall

Global warming can intensify tropical rainfall

A resident watches the water as dikes on the Salmon River gave way in Truro, Nova Scotia on Monday, Sept. 10, 2012. The area is under a rainfall warning as Tropical Storm Leslie churns toward Atlantic Canada. Leslie is expected to make landfall in Newfoundland bringing heavy rain and high winds.Photo/The Canadian Press, Andrew Vaughan)

LONDON: With every 1 degree Celsius rise in temperature, tropical regions will see 10 percent heavier rainfall extremes, with possible impacts for flooding in populous regions.

This is an estimate given by a MIT study based on model simulations and observations.

Extreme precipitation in the tropics comes in many forms: thunderstorm complexes, flood-inducing monsoons and wide-sweeping cyclones like the recent Hurricane Isaac.

Global warming is expected to intensify extreme precipitation, but the rate at which it does so in the tropics has remained unclear - until now.

"The study includes some populous countries that are vulnerable to climate change," said Paul O'Gorman, the Victor P. Starr Career Development Assistant Professor of Atmospheric Science at MIT, "and impacts of changes in rainfall could be important there."

O'Gorman found that, compared to other regions of the world, extreme rainfall in the tropics responds differently to climate change.

"It seems rainfall extremes in tropical regions are more sensitive to global warming. We have yet to understand the mechanism for this higher sensitivity," O'Gorman said.

To better understand global warming's effect on tropical precipitation, O'Gorman studied satellite observations of extreme rainfall between the latitudes of 30 degrees north and 30 degrees south -- just above and below the Equator. The observations spanned the last 20 years, the extent of the satellite record. He then compared the observations to results from 18 different climate models over a similar 20-year period.

"That's not long enough to get a trend in extreme rainfall, but there are variations from year to year. Some years are warmer than others, and it's known to rain more overall in those years," O'Gorman said.

This year-to-year variability is mostly due to El Nino -- a tropical weather phenomenon that warms the surface of the Eastern Pacific Ocean. El Nino causes localized warming and changes in rainfall patterns and occurs independent of global warming.

Looking through the climate models, which can simulate the effects of both El Nino and global warming, O'Gorman found a pattern. Models that showed a strong response in rainfall to El Nino also responded strongly to global warming, and vice versa. The results, he said, suggest a link between the response of tropical extreme rainfall to year-to-year temperature changes and longer-term climate change.

O'Gorman then looked at satellite observations to see what rainfall actually occurred as a result of El Nino in the past 20 years, and found that the observations were consistent with the models in that the most extreme rainfall events occurred in warmer periods.

Using the observations to constrain the model results, he determined that with every 1 degree Celsius rise under global warming, the most extreme tropical rainfall would become 10 percent more intense -- a more sensitive response than is expected for nontropical parts of the world.

"Unfortunately, the results of the study suggest a relatively high sensitivity of tropical extreme rainfall to global warming," O'Gorman says. "But they also provide an estimate of what that sensitivity is, which should be of practical value for planning."



Performance Related Incentive Scheme (PRIS) accepted by Government

Performance Linked IncentiveThe Government has proposed to give performance-based initiatives to its employees to boost their efficiency and productivity. 

"Government of India has accepted in principle the recommendation of the Sixth Pay Commission for introduction of a Performance Related Incentive Scheme (PRIS)  (Read : 6th CPC : Chapter 2.5 on Performance Related Incentive Schemes) in the form of pecuniary benefit over and above regular salary, based on the targeted performance and performance parameters, out of the Non-Plan budgetary savings, for the Central Government employees," Minister of State for Personnel V Narayanasamy told Lok Sabha in a written reply. 

He said successive pay commissions, starting from Fourth Pay Commission, have recommended rewarding better performance and some form of performance-related reward. 

"Separately, a Performance Related Incentive Scheme has also been recommended for all Central Government employees," he added.


Reservation in promotion : Fearing court, Govt. to amend constitution

As a consequence of the letter by the attorney general that the proposed quota for SCs/STs in promotions can be challenged in courts, the Centre has decided to remove of two critical clauses from the constitution in Parliament. These clauses can make it easy to be challenged in the court.

The government will recommend the removal of the term “inadequate representation”, as mentioned in Article 16 (4) to provide reservation in issues concerning promotion and appointments. Similarly, it will delink the term “efficiency of administration” from the claims of SCs/STs for jobs and promotions, mentioned in Article 335.

The Supreme Court had earlier pointed out that three aspects needs to be looked into for reservations in promotions. These are  court cancelbeing backwardness, inadequacy of representation and overall administrative efficiency. Only if these criteria are met then promotions given to people from the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes would be valid. 

Attorney general had written to the Department for Personnel and Training (DoPT), cautioning that the “government may proceed with its bill to amend the constitution for providing reservation to SCs/STs in promotion, but is vulnerable to legal challenges”.

The government will recommend the removal of the term “inadequate representation”, as mentioned in Article 16 (4) to provide reservation in issues concerning promotion and appointments. Similarly, it will delink the term “efficiency of administration” from the claims of SCs/STs for jobs and promotions, mentioned in Article 335.


Highlights of Census of CG employees as on 31st March, 2009

(1). As per the result of Census Enquiries, the total regular employment under Central Government as on 31st March, 2009 was 30.99 lakh as against 31.12 lakh on 31 st March, 2008. The employment has, thus, recorded a decline of 0.42% in 2009 over 2008.

(2). Employment in Ministry of Railways was the highest (44.74%) followed by the Ministry of Home Affairs (24.14%), Defence civilian (11.77%), Communications & IT (7.06%) and Finance (3.49%). Other Ministries/Departments collectively shared the rest of 9% of the total Central Government regular employment.

(3). Out of 30.99 lakh regular employees, 3.11 lakh were women. The proportion of women in the total employment is almost static, around 10% in the year 2009, 2008 and 2006.

(4). About 95% of regular Central Government employees were Non-Gazetted. The overall ratio of Gazetted to Non-Gazetted employees was 1:19. In case of Ministry of Railways, however, this ratio was 1:114.

(5). Amongst regular Central Government employees, 63% were holding Group-‘C’ posts and 26% were in Group-‘D’ posts. About 8% were holding Group-‘B’ posts whereas employees holding Group –‘A’ posts were only about 3%.

(6). About 90% of regular Central Government employees were found in the Grade pay of Rs. upto 1800 to Rs. 5400 which mainly consists of Group ‘B’, Group ‘C’ and Group ‘D’ posts. Only 0.16% employees were in the highest scale i.e. HAG+Apex & Cabinet Secretary level.

(7). Amongst regular Central Government employees, 18% were working at offices located in ‘X’ class cities and 29% in ‘Y’ class cities. The percentage of employees in all the cities/areas other than class X and Y cities was 53%.

(8). Amongst States and Union Territory Administrations, the highest number of regular Central Government employees was in the State of Uttar Pradesh (9.51%) followed by Maharashtra (9.06%), West Bengal (8.54%), Delhi (6.55%), Andhra Pradesh (5.97%), Tamil Nadu (4.79%) and Madhya Pradesh (4.07%). In remaining States/U.Ts the proportion was less than 4%


Employees in Kerala to get Salary on August 27

Department of Expenditure under the Ministry of Finance decided to Disburse Salary, pension, wages for the month of August 2012 to Central Government Employees and Pensioners in Kerala in advance on 27th August, 2012. This decision is due to the Onam Festival. This year Onam falls on 29th August, 2012. So the Central government decided to disburse salary a little bit early to its employees in Kerala to make it convenient to celebrate Onam in time. This benefit is available for all central government employees and pensioners in Kerala. They can receive the salary for the month of August on 27th August 2012, 2 days before Onam.

Office Order for the same is issued on 03rd August, 2012. The office Memorandum says that, “all central government employees in the state of Kerala for the month of August, 2012 may be drawn and disbursed by the Central Government Offices (Including Defence, Posts and Telecommunications) on 27th August, 2012.” And this payment is considered as advance payment of the full month remuneration and will be recovered in the same month itself and if there is any balance, this will be recovered in the next month, ie, September 2012.


AICPI (IW) for June increases by two points, stands at 208. DA to be 72% from July

AICPI (IW) (All-India Consumer Price Index Numbers for Industrial Workers on Base 2001=100) for the month of June 2012, has been published by Government today. AICPI (IW) has increased from 206 to 208.

This makes the complete set of indexes for the calculation of the dearness allowance available. Based on this the DA from July 2012 will be 72%. The index for the last month was not very significant as the rate change by few points would not have changed the DA. The DA is calculated using the average of AICPI-IW for the last 12 months. The average – 115.76)X100/115.76 rounded to the previous whole number gives the DA figure. The DA hike is issued twice a year i.e. in January and July

The indexes for the last 6 months after the last DA hike are as follows.
Jan 2012 198
Feb 2012 199
Mar 2012 201
Apr 2012 205
May 2012 206
Jun 2012 208


Last date for filing tax returns extended to August 31

The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) on Tuesday extended the deadline for filing income tax returns for assessment year 2012-13 to August 31. 2012. The earlier deadline was July 31, 2012.

CBDT said it was extending the deadline given the disturbance in routine life due to failure of power as well as the fact that e-filing has now been made mandatory for individuals and Hindu Undivided Family (HUF).


Order under Section 119 of the Income Tax Act. 1961
On consideration of the reports of disturbance of general life caused due to
failure of power and further in consideration of the fact that the e-filing of returns
for a specified category of individuals and HUF has been made mandatory, the
Central Board of Direct Taxes, in exercise of powers conferred under section 119
of the Income Tax Act, 1961, hereby extends the 'due date' of filing of returns of
income for the Assessment Year 2012-13 to 31st August 2012 in respect of
assessees who are liable to file such returns by 31st July 2012 as per provisions of
section 139 ofIncome Tax Act, 1961.


Antony pitches again for Defense Staff and Pensioners, writes to PM

The Defense Minister A. K. Antony had written to the PM in strong words about the discontent among the defense personal over the pay. In the letter written on June 25th, he has written that there is "growing discontent" among armed forces personnel over anomalies in pay-related matters. He also warned in the letter that the issues may take a bad turn if corrective actions are not taken. He also pointed out that the service personnel, exservicemen and family pensioners are "equally agitated" over the anomalies in their salaries.

Based on the letter, Prime Minister have constituted a high level-committee under the Cabinet Secretary to address issues. Issues of One Rank One Pension (OROP), common pay scale for serving Junior Commissioned Officers (JCOs), placing all Lt Gen-rank officers under the higher pay scale grade of Higher Administrative Group Plus (HAG+).

F.No.14014/3/2011-Estt. (D)
Government of India
Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
(Department of Personnel & Training)
North Block, New Delhi
Dated the 26th July, 2012

Subject:- Review of three years time limit for making
compassionate appointment.

The primary objective of scheme for compassionate appointment
circulated vide O.M. No. 14014/6/94-Estt(D) dated 09.10.1998 is to
provide immediate assistance to relieve the dependent family of the
deceased or medically retired Government servant from financial
destitution i.e. penurious condition. The Hon'ble Supreme Court in its
judgment dated 05.04.2011 in Civil Appeal No. 2206 of 2006 filed by Local
Administration Department vs. M. Selvanayagam @ Kumaravelu has
observed that "an appointment made many years after the death of the
employee or without due consideration of the financial resources available
to his/her dependents and the financial deprivation caused to the
dependents as a result of his death, simply because the claimant happened
to be one of the dependents of the deceased employee would be directly in
conflict with Articles 14 86 16 of the Constitution and hence, quite bad and
illegal. In dealing with cases of compassionate appointment, it is
imperative to keep this vital aspect in mind".
2. This Department's O.M. No. 14014/6/ 1994-Estt. (D) dated
09.10.1998 provided that Ministries/Departments can consider requests
for compassionate appointment even where the death or retirement on
medical grounds of a Government servant took place long back, say five
years or so. While considering such belated requests it was, however, to be
kept in view that the concept of compassionate appointment is largely
related to the need for immediate assistance to the family of the
Government servant in order to relieve it from economic distress. The very
fact that the family has been able to manage somehow all these years
should normally be taken as adequate proof that the family had some
dependable means of subsistence. Therefore, examination of such cases
call for a great deal of circumspection. The decision to make appointment
on compassionate grounds in such cases was to be taken only at the level
of the Secretary of the Department/Ministry concerned.
3. Subsequently vide this Department's O.M. No. 14014/19/2002-Estt.
(D) dated 5th May, 2003 a time limit of three years time was prescribed for
considering cases of compassionate appointment. Keeping in view the
Hon'ble High Court Allahabad judgment dated 07.05.2010 in Civil Misc.
Writ Petition No. 13102 of 2010, the issue has been re-examined in
consultation with Ministry of Law. It has been decided to withdraw the
instructions contained in the O.M. dated 05.05.2003.
4. The cases of compassionate appointment may be regulated in terms
of instructions issued vide O.M. dated 09.10.1998 as amended from time to
time. The onus of examining the penurious condition of the dependent
family will rest with the authority making compassionate appointment.
(Mukta Goel)
Director (E-I)
F.No.14034 / 1 / 2012-Estt. (D)
Government of India
Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
(Department of Personnel & Training)
North Block,
New Delhi
Dated the 26th July, 2012
Subject: Out of turn promotion for sportspersons.

The undersigned is directed to say that the scheme for appointment
of meritorious sports persons under Government is contained in this
Department O.M. No. 14015/ 1/78-Estt. (D) dated the 4th August, 1980 as
amended from time to time. This Department has been receiving requests
for grant of out of turn promotion to sportspersons employed under various
Ministries/Departments. The demand for grant of out of turn promotion
for excellence in sports events has been considered by the Government and
it has been decided to allow a maximum of three out of turn promotions to
a sportsperson/ Coach for excellence in sports events as per provisions of
the enclosed scheme.
2. This may be brought to the notice of all concerned for information
and necessary action. A copy of the order allowing out of turn promotion to
sportspersons may be endorsed to this Department.

(Mukta Goel)


Service chiefs discuss  on Pay, Pension & One Pension One Rank issue.

The three Service chiefs, led by Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee, Naval chief Admiral Nirmal Verma, will today meet the Committee of Secretaries to discuss upon strong demands from armed personnel and ex-servicemen for One Rank One Pension and to push for their demands further.

The other core issues that the Service chiefs will push for are fixation of the rank pay, fixation of pay structure for jawans and non-functional upgradation granted to civilian counterparts but not to Defence personnel. These, the Defence personnel say, have been six core anomalies from the provisions of the Sixth Pay Commission granted in 2008.

The six-member committee was set up by the Prime Minister under the chairmanship of Cabinet Secretary after a Rajya Sabha panel last year recommended granting One Rank One Pension to the retired Defence personnel. The government has asked the committee to submit its report by August 8.
The other members of the Committee will be:
(i)Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister
(ii)Defence Secretary
(iii)Secretary, D/o Expenditure
(iv)Secretary, D/o Ex-Servicemen’s Welfare
(v)Secretary, D/o Personnel and Training

The Committee’s ‘terms of reference’ will be to look into the following issues relating to:

(i)Defence services personnel:
•Common pay-scale for in-service JCOs/ORs
•Initial pay-fixation of Lt. Col/Colonel and Brigadier/equivalent
•Review and enhancement of grade pay
•Placing of all Lts General in HAG+ scale
•Grant of non-functional upgradation (NFU) to armed forces personnel

•One-rank one-pension
•Enhancement of family pension
•Dual family pension
•Family pension to mentally/physically challenged children of armed forces personnel on marriage

Service chiefs also want a military representative on the committee.

The One Rank One Pay scheme implies that uniform pension be paid to the armed forces personnel retiring in the same rank with the same length of service irrespective of their date of retirement, and any future enhancement in the rates of pension be automatically passed on to past pensioners.
Once implemented, it will resolve all anomalies related to the ex-servicemen's pension and bring uniformity in the post-retirement scheme. The Centre has given in-principle approval to the 'one rank one pension' demand of ex-servicemen


Advantages of second home loan : Unlimited IT exemption on Interest paid

Its a well understood fact that the investment in a house is one of the investments that brings in high returns. In addition to the appreciation on the real estate value, the income tax exemption benefits brought in by the home loan is also considerable. Many of us might have availed the home loan considering this benefit.

A home loan for the purchase of residential unit is eligible for tax exemption under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
You will enjoy tax-exemptions via following two ways
  • Up to Rs 1 Lakh for Principal Repayment that can be claimed under section 80 C
  • Up to Rs. 1.5 Lakh on Interest Repayment, that will be deducted from your taxable income under Section 24.

But the home loan for a second home is to bring much higher benefits. There is no exemption for repayments on the principal element. However the interest paid on the second home loan is exempt from taxable income and the advantage is that there is no upper cap on the amount that is exempted. Considering the existing market price of the residential properties, the gains achieved will be considerable.

In case more than one borrowers are availing the loan, all the joint borrowers are eligible for exemption on the interest element individually. Also the interest paid during the period of construction of the second home is also exempt from taxation up to 20 per cent of the total interest paid during this period.

If the second house is not self-occupied house and you have to pay taxes for rental income from it. This income is calculated after deducting up to 30% on maintenance expenses and property taxes. 
The new DTC Provisions

Despite some initial reservations on this issue the revised draft of the Direct Tax Code has maintained all the present benefits


Points from National Anomaly Committee meeting on 17.07.2012

The following are the few points from the NAC meeting held on 17 July, 2012.
  • In case the employee is promoted in same grade pay, he/she will get one extra increment.
  • The issues for giving MACP & special increment will be resolved sympathetically & orders will be issued within a month as per commitment of Secy./NAC & DOPT chairman.
  • The employees promoted to Grade Pay of Rs. 4600 or Rs. 4800 (Pre Revised 7450-225-1150 and 7500-250-13000) after 01 January 2006 who drawing less pay than direct recruits who joined the service on or after 1 January 2006 are likely to get one additional increment.
  • An employee promoted to a post will get the basic pay @ par with the direct recruitee in the same post.
  • The MACP issue including removal of infructous Grade Pay Rs. 2000 were also discussed and separate meeting on MACP issues will be held on 27.07.2012.
  • The staff side shown its anguish on non functional of JCM scheme due to which National Council is not being held since Feb. 2010. Meetings of anomalies committees are also not taking place frequently except Railways, Defence & P&T. The Departmental Anomaly Committees are either not constituted or non functional. Chairman National Anomaly Committee and Secy/DOPT assured that JCM scheme will be revived & NC meeting will take place after the Monsoon session of Parliament.
The minutes of the meeting will be published soon.


National Anomaly Committee meeting Today / Minutes of the last Meeting

The Meeting of the National Anomaly Committee will be held today i.e. 17th July, 2012 at 3.00 PM. The last Anomaly Committee Meeting held on on 5 January was adjourned and scheduled to be conducted today.

The minutes of the last meeting is given below.

The following are the important issues discussed in the National Anomaly Committee Meeting held at Room No 72, North Block, New Delhi on 5th January, 2012 under the Chairmanship of Secretary, DOP&T.
Items No. 1 to 4 & 5 (iii) - Anomaly in fixation of pay band in case of merger of pay scales.
The Staff side reiterated that since the pre-revised scales 5000-8000 [S9]; 5500-9000 [S10]; 6500-9500[S11]; and 6500-10500[S12] were merged and all are given the benefit of placement in the new Grade Pay 4200 equivalent to pre-revised 6500-10500 scale, the starting of the Pay Band 2 cannot be computed on the minimum of the erstwhile S9 Scale of Pay viz., Rs.5000/-. In fact the commencement point of the Pay Band 2 should be at Rs.12090/- based on the minimum of S12 scale [6500X1.86 = 12090] instead of Rs.9300/- computed by multiplying Rs.5000/- by 1.86.

The Official Side however insisted that what has been recommended by the Commission is correct in terms of the above principle stated by the Commission; this was not acceptable to the Staff Side.
The official side then stated that this item may be further discussed in the next meeting.

Item No 5 (i) and 34 & 35 - Reopening of the option for fixation of pay on promotion.
The Staff Side pointed out that the orders reopening the option up to 31.12.2010 was received in the lowest formations late & therefore all persons could not exercise the reopening option and therefore it should be extended up to 31.12.12. Defense Staff Side also raised the issue of not allowing this option to those who have been promoted to Master Craftsman upgraded post as because final orders have been issued late.

The official side agreed to refer these matters to DOPT, which would be considered and decided.

Item No. 5 (iii) - Special Allowance & Qualifying Pay.
The Staff Side pointed out that special qualifying pay may have been treated as allowance but it is treated as pay for purpose of fixation of pay on promotion to higher post. The result is that senior employees who have been promoted during the period 1.1.2006 to 31.8.2008 get the benefit of pre-revised qualification pay when they have been promoted whereas the junior employees promoted on or after 1.9.2008 have been granted the benefit of doubled qualification pay and therefore the seniors are getting fixed at lower stage.

The official Side agreed to look into this matter

Item No.5 (iv) - Anomaly in fixation of pay between Direct Recruits & Promotees.
The Staff Side pointed out that in terms of FR 22 no person who is promoted should be fixed below the minimum of the Pay Scale of the higher post and as the system of Pay Bands have been introduced clubbing several posts, the Commission has devised a formula for fixing the entry pay (which is always the minimum) for fresh recruits. That being the case all promotes have to be fixed not below the said minimum i.e. the entry pay of the fresh recruit for each grade pay.

Official side insisted that what they have ordered i.e. stepping up the pay of promotes to the post subject to certain conditions is more than enough and if there are certain difficulties, these may be referred to be considered.

The Staff Side however insisted that all the conditionalities may be withdrawn and all Promotees may be fixed at the entry pay of that post for the direct recruitee if there is a quota for direct recruitment in that post irrespective of any new recruitee has joined the post or not

The official side stated that the matter may be discussed in the next meeting.

Item No (v) - Date of Next Increment.
The Staff Side urged for grant of one increment in pre revised pay scale on 1.1.2006 as one time measure in respect of all those whose next increment would be between 1.2.2006 to 30.6.2006 and then re-fixing them in the revised pay band and to grant next increment on 1.7.2006. This is only as a one-time measure and we would not demand similar treatment in respect of others.

The official side then agreed to the above formulation.

Item No 5 (vii) - Temporary Status casual labourers.
The Staff Side pointed out that as per the scheme of Temporary Status, these employees have been granted the pre-revised minimum of Rs.2550-3200 applicable to the lowest post with the benefit of annual increment etc. Therefore so far as pay scale are concerned they are being treated as regular employees. They have to be granted the Grade Pay of Rs.1800 and fixed at Rs.7000 with effect from 1.1.2006 if they are already matriculates and if not they should be given the training and then fixed at Rs.7000 with grade pay of Rs.1800 w.e.f. 1.1.2006.

The official side noted this demand and assured consideration.

Item No.11 - Grant of Revised Allowance w.e.f. 1.1.2006.
After discussion it was indicated that the issue may be discussed further in the next meeting before recording a disagreement if necessary.

Item No 12& 13 - Transport Allowance.
The Staff Side pointed out that the calculations desired by the official side are already available in item no. 13. It has been pointed out that Transport Allowance at the rate of Rs. 3200 granted to those in PB-3 of grade pay Rs.5400 and above is 2.9 times of their pre-revised TA+CCA which was Rs.1100. The Transport Allowance in respect of Grade Pay of Rs.4600 & 4200 has been revised to Rs.1600 which is only 2.28 times of the pre-revised TA+CCA amounting to Rs.700/-.

The demand was that the raise granted in respect of grade pay of Rs.4600 & 4200 should also be 2.9.times of Rs.700 which would work out to Rs.2030.

The official side stated that this is a new demand and cannot be treated as anomaly.

The Staff Side then stated that this item would be included in the agenda of the National Council

Item No.14 - Revision of the existing allowance which are to be replaced by new schemes.
In the last meeting it was stated that if within six months the new schemes are not finalized and introduced, the rates of these allowance like risk Allowance & Patient Care Allowance would be doubled.

The official side agreed to take a decision in this matter within a month's time i.e. latest by 5.2.2012.

Item No.15, 16, 17 - Parity in pension.
In Para 5.1.47, the VI CPC has stated that in order to maintain the existing modified parity between present and future retirees it will be necessary to allow same fitment benefit as is being recommended for existing employees.

Having so recognised the maintenance of parity between the present and future retirees, the Commission has not extended the following liberalization benefits.
· Full pension after completion of 10/20 years of qualifying service
· Last pay drawn for determination of pension if it is more advantageous than the average emoluments and
· 50% of Grade Pay as against 40% of pre-revised basic pension

Benefit of these liberalisations may be extended to present pensioners w.e.f. 1.1.2006 (we do not want arrears) so that parity between present and future retirees is ensured as desired by the VI CPC.

The official side suggested that the matter may be discussed in the next meeting and disagreement if necessary will then be recorded.

The Staff Side also pointed out the latest judgment of full bench of Principal Bench of Central Administrative Tribunal according to which the clarificatory orders issued by Department of Pension dated 30th October 2008 for determining the modified parity has been quashed and Government has been directed to grant 50% /30% of sum of minimum pay in the pay band and grade pay of the corresponding pay scale of the post from which the employee had retired and re-fix the pension / family pension with effect from 1.1.2006 and pay arrears.

The official side stated that the Judgment is being considered and decision would be soon taken.

Item No. 20 - Daily Allowance on Tour.
The Staff Side insisted that rates of daily allowance may be doubled if the present system of reimbursement on the basis of actual expenditure on conveyance, boarding and lodging etc. are not suitable / practicable in the case of employees who go on tour to places where there are no such hotels / restaurants and the Auto drivers do not issue the receipts.

They also pointed out that when all allowances have been doubled and the Railway has also already doubled the rate of daily allowance on tour, why the Government should insist that DA should be at the pre-revised rates which are quite inadequate to meet the expenses on conveyance, boarding and lodging.

The matter was deferred to be discussed in the next meeting.

Item No. 24, 25, 26 - Commutation of pension.
The Staff Side demand is that option of Commutation had been given when a person retires. The commutation was allowed in terms of pension then fixed on the basis of pre-revised pay etc on the day following the date of retirement and in terms of the Table then in force

If as a result of revision of pay and consequent revision of pension, additional amount of commutation arose the table which was applicable on date of retirement will have to be operated.

The New Table which has come in to force on or after 1.9.2008 cannot be made applicable in determination of additional commutation value which Table was not in existence on date of retirement.

The official side deferred this item for next meeting and to consider recording of disagreement if need be only in that meeting.

Item No. 28 - Grant of Grade Pay of Rs. 5400 in PB-2 for Asstt. Accounts/Audit Officer.
In the last meeting it was agreed that this and other connected issues would be discussed separately outside this forum by the Jt. Secretary (Estt.) & Jt. Secretary (Pers) with the Staff Side.

Committee to be constituted to look into pay and pension related issues of defence personnel/ex-servicemen
The Government has decided to constitute a Committee, under the chairpersonship of Cabinet Secretary, to look into pay and pension related issues of relevance to defence services personnel and ex-servicemen. The other members of the Committee will be:

(i) Principal Secretary to the Prime Minister
(ii) Defence Secretary
(iii) Secretary, D/o Expenditure
(iv) Secretary, D/o Ex-Servicemen’s Welfare
(v) Secretary, D/o Personnel and Training

The following are the ‘terms of reference’.

(i) Defence services personnel:
• Common pay-scale for in-service JCOs/ORs
• Initial pay-fixation of Lt. Col/Colonel and Brigadier/equivalent
• Review and enhancement of grade pay
• Placing of all Lts General in HAG+ scale
• Grant of non-functional upgradation (NFU) to armed forces personnel

(ii) Ex-servicemen:
• One-rank one-pension
• Enhancement of family pension
• Dual family pension
• Family pension to mentally/physically challenged children of armed forces personnel on marriage

The Department of Expenditure will service the Committee. The Committee may co-opt any other member. The Committee will finalize its recommendations and submit its report to the Prime Minister by 8th August, 2012.





Directorate of income tax (IT)

Central board of direct taxes(CBDT)


1. Candidates are advised to keep the following ready before filling up the form online.
(a) Details of papers passed earlier i.e. old Roll no. with which the candidate appeared and Marks in each paper qualified.
(b) Record of number of attempts taken.
(c) Passport size photograph in .jpg format for uploading (size not more than 30k)
(d) Scanned signature in .jpg format for uploading. (size not more than 30k)
2. Candidates are expected to be familiar with the rules governing the department examinations. These rules namely
“ Amended Departmental Examination Rules for Income Tax Officers-2009” (effective from 2010 examination onwards) and " Amended Departmental Examination Rules for Income Tax Inspector-2009" (effective from 2010 examination onwards)
Click here for
ITI rules and ITO rules
3. As per amended DE Rules 2009, Partially Qualified candidates of Old Pattern can take the matching papers given in schedule below Rule V(B) to qualify the exam.
4. As per the Amended DE rules 2009, Partially Qualified candidates mean those who have yet to qualify two or less papers of the old pattern. Therefore candidates failing in more than two papers of the old pattern are not eligible to apply. For this purpose IT Law & Assessment Part-1 & Part-II for ITI and Income Tax Law-I and Law-II for ITO of old pattern exam shall be treated as one paper.
5. As per Amended DE Rules a SC/ST candidate can appear for betterment of results of both old pattern & new pattern. Therefore if a candidate has passed the exam under a particular pattern with relaxed marks and has not exhausted the ceiling of his/her ten number of chances, he/she can better the result by availing the remaining number of chances in the respective pattern.
6. As per Amended DE Rules 2009 for ITI and ITO, A SC/ST candidate who has fully passed the old pattern exam with relaxed marks can better the result by taking the matching paper/papers given in schedule below Rule V(B). Similarly a SC/ST candidate aiming to better result in the new pattern can appear in the schedule of paper/papers given below
Rule V(A).

To fill the online application choose one of the following:

Field marked with * are mandatory

* Applying for examination
* Examination For
* Do you have any allotted roll number




Here is an image




LTC relaxation to Jammu and Kashmir also extended by 2 years

The government has issued an office memorandum, extending the relaxation for LTC travel to visit J & K under CCS (LTC) Rules. This will allow all central government employees to travel to Jammu & Kashmir by air irrespective of their eligibility, using either Air India or private airlines. But, they can travel only in 'Economy Class', irrespective of their entitlement. 

The move expected as the government had extended the similar facility for central government employees to visit north-eastern states. This move will give a much needed boost to the tourism in J&K. The tourism in Kashmir has a huge potential and is under favorable condition owing to the continuing peace in the Valley. The 2011, which a very peaceful one, saw a record number of 1.3 million tourists and around 2 million is expected this year.About 80% of the tourists visits the state by Air.


Govt to train officials on ethics in public governance

New Delhi: Faced with recent instances of corruption involving some of its departments, the Central Government has decided to train its officials on 'ethics and values in public governance' to ensure transparency and keep graft at bay.
Officials in the Ministry of Personnel, Public grievances and Pensions, a nodal ministry of the government, said they were working on a training module to inculcate integrity and ethics for its functionaries at all levels.
"The Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) is working on a module to train officials on ethics in public governance. All the officials working in different central controlled departments and ministries will be imparted training on it", an official said.
He said the government will work out a detailed plan on providing phase-wise training to all the employees.
"The aim behind conducting such training is to sensitise the government employees on the ill-effects of corruption in governance and in ensuring an efficient public delivery system", the official said.
The training module is likely to begin by the end of this year.
Officials said that private experts in the field and the Central Vigilance Commission were being consulted on the matter.
The move assumes significance following exposure of various multi-crore scams, including in the allocation of second generation (2G) spectrum to certain telecom firms and in the conduct of Commonwealth Games in the national capital.
"The eradication of corruption is a very gigantic task and needs involvement of each and every official involved in governance. Hence all the personnel will be made aware on anti-corruption measures and the importance of ethics and values. The training module is likely to be prepared by September this year", the official said.
He said initially the project will start for Central Government ministries, departments and public sector undertakings.
The government will assess the outcome of the training module and then it can be recommended to all state governments and union territory administrations.
"The government needs help of all stake holders from the common man to central and state government employees. The government will consult states and recommend the module to them after seeing the outcome here in the national capital", the official added.
In a recent move, the Central Government has also decided to review its fight against corruption by independent experts.
The DoPT had invited Expression of Interest (EoI) last month from registered Indian law schools, law firms, academic or research organisations to undertake the study which is a mandatory obligation of the country under the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC).
UNCAC, which acts as a universal legal instrument to deal with the menace of corruption globally, was ratified by India on May 9 last year.




Government of India

Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions

(Department of Personnel and Training)

North Block, New Delhi

Dated the 5th June, 2012

Subject: Holidays to be observed in Central Government Offices during the year 2013.

It has been decided that the holidays as specified in the Annexure -I to this O.M. will be observed in all the Administrative Offices of the Central Government located at Delhi/New Delhi during the year 2013. In addition, each employee will also be allowed to avail himself/herself of any two holidays to be chosen by him/her out of the list of Restricted Holidays in Annexure – II.

2. Central Government Administrative Offices located outside Delhi / New Delhi shall observe the following holidays compulsorily in addition to three holidays as per para 3.1 below:















3.1. In addition to the above 14 Compulsory holidays mentioned in para 2, three holidays shall be decided from the list indicated below by the Central Government Employees Welfare Coordination Committee in the State Capitals, if necessary, in consultation with Coordination Committees at other places in the State. The final list applicable uniformly to all Central Government offices within the concerned State shall be notified after seeking prior approval of this Ministry and no change can be carried out thereafter. It is also clarified that no change is permissible in regard to festivals and dates as indicated.









10. ONAM




3.2 No substitute holiday should be allowed if any of the festival holidays initially declared subsequently happens to fall on a weekly off or any other non-working day or in the event of more than one festivals falling on the same day.

4. The list of Restricted Holidays appended to this O.M. is meant for Central Government Offices located in Delhi / New Delhi. The Coordination Committees at the State Capitals may draw up separate list of Restricted Holidays keeping in view the occasions of local importance but the 9 occasions left over, after choosing the 3 variable holidays in para 3.1 above, are to be included in the list of restricted holidays.

5.1 For offices in Delhi / New Delhi, any change in the date of holidays in respect of Idu’l Fitr, Idu’l Zuha, Muharram and Id-e-Milad, if necessary, depending upon sighting of the Moon, would be declared by the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions after ascertaining the position from the Govt. of NCT of Delhi.

5.2 For offices outside Delhi / New Delhi, the Central Government Employees Welfare Coordination Committees at the State Capitals are authorised to change the date of holiday, if necessary, based on the decision of the concerned State Governments / Union Territories, in respect of Idu’l Fitr, Idu’l Zuha, Muharram and Id-e-Milad.

5.3 It may happen that the change of date of the above occasions has to be declared at a very short notice. In such a situation, announcement could be made through T.V. / A.I.R. / Newspapers and the Heads of Department / Offices of the Central Government may take action according to such an announcement without waiting for a formal order, about the change of date.

6. During 2013, Diwali (Deepavali) falls on Sunday, November 03, 2013 (Kartika 12). In certain States, the practice is to celebrate the occasion a day in advance, i.e., on “Narakachaturdasi Day”. In view of this, there is no objection if holiday on account of Deepavali is observed on “Naraka Chaturdasi Day (in place of Deepavali Day) for the Central Government Offices in a State if in that State that day alone is declared as a compulsory holiday for Diwali for the offices of the State Government.

7. Central Government Organisations which include industrial, commercial and trading establishments would observe upto 16 holidays in a year including three national holidays viz. Republic Day, Independence Day and Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday, as compulsory holidays. The remaining holidays / occasions may be determined by such establishments / organisations themselves for the

year 2013, subject to para 3.2 above.

8.Ministry of Home Affairs letter No.14046/27/83- GP-I dated 15.2.1984 by which they would observe a total of 16 holidays including the three National Holidays Viz. Republic Day, Independence Day 86 Mahatma Gandhi’s birthday.

9. In respect of Indian Missions abroad, the number of holidays may be notified in accordance with the instructions contained in this Department’s O.M. No.12/5/2002-JCA dated 17th December, 2002. In other words, they will have the option to select 10(Ten) holidays of their own only after including in the list, three

National Holidays and Buddha Purnima, Dussehra, Diwali (Deepavali) and Guru Nanak’s Birthday included in the list of compulsory holidays and falling on days of

weekly off.

10.instructions issued by the Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance.

11. Hindi version will follow.

(Ashok Kumar)

Deputy Secretary (JCA


RBI stops pre closure charges on home loans

The RBI has issued a notification preventing the charging of penalty on the pre-closure of home loans with floating interest. The banks were charging around 3% penalty on the outstanding loan amount for closure of the loan before the tenure. This move by RBI enables the customer to switch to another bank offering a lower interest rate. The notification comes with immediate effect. Removal of such charges will lead to a reduction in the discrimination between existing and new borrowers and the competition among banks will result in finer pricing of home loans with the floating rate.


CPI-IW stands at 205 / DA from July 2012 to be 7%

All India Consumer Price Index Number for Industrial Workers (CPI-IW) on base 2001=100 for the month of April, 2012 increased by 4 points and stood at 205 (two hundred five). An increase by four points shows considerable price increase for essential items causing the burden for common man. It was in July 2011 the index raised by 4 points last time.

The point to point rate of inflation based on CPI-IW(General) for the month of April, 2012 is 10.22% as compared to 8.65% in March, 2012. Inflation based on Food Index attained the level of 10.66% in April, 2012 as compared to 8.16% in March, 2012. How ever even if the index raises considerably, the DA increment may not get changed. With four months CPI-IW available, its almost certain that the Dearness Allowance from July 2012 will stand at 72%, a hike of 7% from the current 65%

Austerity measures back, ban on new posts.

"There will be a total ban on holding of meetings and conferences in five-star hotels...Purchase of vehicles is banned until further orders," said an office memorandum issued by the Ministry. 

On foreign travel, it said, the size of the delegation and the duration of the visit be kept to "absolute minimum". 

Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee had earlier said in the Rajya Sabha that his Ministry would come out with austerity measures to check fiscal deficit.

The office memorandum on 'Expenditure Management - Economy Measures and Rationalisation of Expenditure' also said that holding of exhibitions, seminars and conferences abroad is "strongly discouraged".

It said "foreign visits should be so regulated as to ensure that each ministry remains within the allocated budget (after 10% cut) for the same. Re-appropriation proposals on this would not be approved"

The Ministry  further said no amount should be released to any entity, including state governments, which has defaulted in furnishing utilisation certificates for grants-in-aid released by the central government without prior approval of the Finance Ministry.

The austerity measures have been announced in the context of current fiscal situation where there is a "tremendous pressure" on government's resources.

"...There is an urgent need for rationalisation of expenditure and optimisation of available resources with a view to improve the macroeconomic environment," the order said.

The government's fiscal deficit during 2011-12 was 5.7% of the GDP.  

The Centre is aiming to bring it down to 5.1% in the current fiscal. It is targeting to cut the subsidy bill to below 2% of GDP this fiscal and 1.75% in the subsequent years.

The Finance Ministry's further said that rush of expenditure on procurement should be avoided during the last quarter of the fiscal and, in particular, the last month of the year "so as to ensure that all procedures are complied with and there is no infructuous or wasteful expenditure".

Secretaries of the ministries and departments would be "fully charged" with the responsibility of ensuring compliance of the measures, the memorandum said.


Compassionate Appointments not a right : SC

The supreme court has made a ruling on Monday that claims cannot be made for appointments in government offices on compassionate grounds. The compassionate appointments is not a right and is applicable only in genuine cases, else it would be against the Constitution. The court rules that the public service appointments should be made strictly on the basis of open invitation of applications and merit. The compassionate appointments will go against the Article 14 or 16 of the Constitution of India. The article 14 guarantees equality before law, while 16 refers to the equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.

The appointment on compassionate ground is not another source of recruitment but merely an exception to the above requirement taking into consideration the fact of the death of the employee while in service leaves his family without any means of livelihood. The claim for appointment on compassionate ground is based on the premises that the applicant was dependent on the deceased employee. Such claim is considered as reasonable and permissible on the basis of sudden crisis occurring in the family of such employee who has served the State and dies while in service. In such cases the object is to enable the family to get over sudden financial crisis and not to confer a status on the family

Empanelment of Annuity Service Providers for NPS

Empanelment of Annuity Service Providers (ASPs) for National Pension System (NPS) for providing annuity services to the subscribers of National Pension System

Subscribers to the National Pension System (NPS) will now have a choice of Annuity Service Providers, from whom they can choose their annuity schemes on their exit from NPS on attainment of 60 years of age. Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) has empaneled the following six IRDA approved life insurance companies for providing annuity services to the subscribers of National Pension System (NPS).

1. Life Insurance Corporation of India
2. SBI Life Insurance Co. Ltd.
3. ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Co. Ltd.
4. Bajaj Allianz Life Insurance Co. Ltd.
5. Star Union Dai-ichi Life Insurance Co. Ltd.
6. Reliance Life Insurance Co. Ltd.

2. It may be mentioned that under the provisions of NPS, a maximum of 60% of corpus accumulated at the time of exit, normally on the attainment of 60 years of age, can be withdrawn but a minimum of 40% corpus has to be utilized for purchasing an annuity from one of the empanelled annuity service providers. Subscriber can choose from any of the six above mentioned annuity service providers and can also make their choice of the annuity scheme from amongst the schemes being offered by these providers.

3. With the above empanelment, PFRDA has taken an important step towards providing an exit route to the subscribers.

New Health Insurance Scheme for Government Employees under Consideration

There is a proposal for introduction of a health insurance scheme for the central government employees and pensioners on pan-India basis, with special focus on pensioners living in non-CGHS areas. The proposal is to make this scheme voluntary cum contributory for serving employees & pensioners. However, it is proposed to be made compulsory for the new entrants in Government service.

The salient features of the proposed Health Insurance Scheme are as under;

· Optional for serving Central Government employees and pensioners including future pensioners,
· Compulsory for new recruits,
· Covers all the members of family as per CGHS norms,
· Sum insured – Rs. 5 lakh per year on a family floater basis,
· Corporate buffer of Rs 25 Crore to take care of cases exceeding Rs. 5 lakh,
· All pre existing diseases covered from the day one,
· Pre and post hospitalisation benefits available,
· Domiciliary Hospitalisation benefit,
· Maternity benefit upto two living children,
· OPD not covered however OPD consultations will be free,
· Payment of FMA for meeting OPD needs,
· Cashless treatment facility,
· Govt. to subsidise significantly the payment of premium,
· Employees / pensioners to contribute 20 to 30 percent of the premium,
· Identification of beneficiaries through a Smart Card.

The proposed scheme will be an alternative to the CGHS and it will provide an option to the serving employees and pensioners to choose a scheme as per his/her convenience.

The Scheme will have special focus on the pensioners living in non-CGHS areas who are getting Fixed Medical Allowance at the rate of Rs.300/- only per month to take care of their medical needs and have been demanding extension of CGHS or CS (MA) Rules to cover their OPD and Inpatient medical needs which is not feasible due to resource constraints. The Health Insurance Scheme seems to be a viable alternative. It will have additional implications, due to coverage of pensioners living in non-CGHS areas and not covered under any Government Scheme.

The proposal for inclusion of the Health Insurance Scheme for the Central Government employees and pensioners in the 12th Plan has been moved by the Ministry for consideration of the Steering Committee on Health in the Planning Commission. On receipt of approval of Planning Commission, the proposal would be placed before the Expenditure Finance Committee and finally before the Cabinet for approval of the scheme. No strict time frame can be given in this regard.

This information was given by the Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad in reply to a Starred question in Lok Sabha today.

Note for information of prospective candidates for Departmental Examination
– 2012 for ITO/ITI    issued by CBDT              

1. Online Application for Departmental Examination – 2012 for ITO/ITI
For the Departmental Examination 2012 for ITO/ITI application forms will be accepted online.
Benefits of online application
• The application form will be so structured that there will be no possibility of the candidate leaving
out some details or giving erroneous information. Upto now, in case of incomplete or erroneous
information in application form, the records have to be verified manually which delays the
declaration of results.
• It will speeden data acquisition regarding the number of candidates appearing in the exams which
will enable the making of adequate timely arrangements for smooth conduct of examination.
• There have been instances in the past when application forms from CCIT/CIT (In charge of
Examination) have arrived long after the last date for form submission. In such cases, due to
paucity of time, admit cards could not be issued to some candidates thereby preventing them
from appearing in the exams. Online application submission will prevent such eventualities.
• In the Departmental Examinations upto 2011, the paper application forms had to be scanned and
then the data was used for result compilation. Online application submission will save time by
ending the need for scanning.
Process of online application
• The candidate shall fill the application form online on the website www.incometaxindia.gov.in
which is a simple, user friendly and interactive process that takes less than 5 minutes. The
candidate is also required to upload a passport size photograph and his scanned signature.
• Candidates are expected to be familiar with the rules governing the department examinations.
These rules namely “Amended Departmental Examination Rules for Income Tax Officers-2009”
and “Amended Departmental Examination Rules for Income Tax Inspectors-2009” (both effective
from 2010 examination onwards) shall be made available as links on the webpage of online
application process for ready reference of candidates.
• Candidates are advised to keep the following ready before filling up the form online.
(a) Details of Papers passed earlier i.e. old Roll no. with which the candidate appeared and Marks
in each Paper qualified.
(b) Record of number of attempts taken.
(c) Passport size photograph in .jpg format for uploading (size not more than 30k)
(d) Scanned signature in .jpg format for uploading. (size not more than 30k)
• The candidate has to take the print out after his successful online registration. This print-out
has to be submitted by the candidate to his controlling officer/DDO, as being done in earlier
years. The controlling officer/DDO will attest the same and shall forward it to the
• The CCIT/CIT (Exam) shall, after verification/certification, scan all the application forms so
received in their respective regions. The scanned forms shall be sent by them in digital form to
the DIT(IT). The physical forms (print-outs after attestation and certification) shall also be sent
to this Directorate as being done in earlier years.
2. The dates for Departmental Examination – 2012 for ITO/ITI/MS
The dates for the conduct of the Departmental Examination 2012 for ITO/ITI/MS were finalized after
discussion with the representatives of the ITEF and keeping in mind the returns receipt workload and
the festive season. It has been decided that the Exams shall be held from Sept. 4, 2012 to Sept. 15,
This is only for the information of candidates. The Notification for Departmental
Examination 2012 will be issued shortly.

AICPIN for the month of March 2012 at 201, an increase of two points

The All-India Consumer Price Index Numbers for Industrial Workers on Base 2001=100 for the Month of March 2012 has been published and stands at 201 (two hundred one), an increase of two points from the previous month.

The indices in respect of the six major centres are as follows :
1. Ahmedabad – 201
2. Bangalore – 206
3. Chennai – 187
4. Delhi – 185
5. Kolkata – 190
6. Mumbai – 204

The point to point rate of inflation based on CPI-IW(General) for the month of March, 2012 is 8.65% as compared to 7.57% in February, 2012. Inflation based on Food Index attained the level of 8.16% in March, 2012 as compared to 5.08% in February, 2012.

The CPI - IW decides the dearness allowance to be declared for the government employees from July 2012. Based on the first three months index and incase the index remains constant at 201, the DA to be announced from July 2012 will be 71%, a hike of 6%. There are also chances that the index may come down owing to low inflation, that is less likely.

LTC relaxation for North-East extended for 2 years

A DoPT memorandum has been issued extending the LTC relaxation norm for North-East for 2 years. According to the DoPT office memorandum dated April 30, 2012, the extension is for
two years beginning May 1. The special concession for the North-East was first spelt out in May 2008, and it was extended again in 2010.
North Eastern states compete with each other through innovative tourism campaigns to woo domestic and international tourists. The governments of Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim have always initiated major campaigns to woo tourists whereas Assam of late has joined the bandwagon by launching a rhino-man campaign.

In relaxation of CCS (LTC) Rules 1988, the Government has decided to permit Government servants to travel by air to North Eastern Region on LTC as follows:-

(i) Group A and Group B Central Government employees will be entitled to travel by Air from their place of posting or nearest airport to a city in the NER or nearest airport.

(ii) Other categories of employees will be entitled to travel by air to a city in the NER from Guwahati or Kolkata.

(iii) All Central Government employees will be allowed conversion of one block of Home Town LTC into LTC for destinations in NER.

(c): Every year 10% of the total plan allocation of the Ministry of Tourism is mandatorily earmarked for releasing funds to the States of the North East Region. This apart, following special dispensations are given to the North Eastern States:

(i) Under the scheme of product/infrastructure development of destinations/circuit, budget accommodation, restaurants, etc. are allowed to the States of North East Region, selected places of J&K and Eco Tourism projects only.

(ii) For organizing fairs & festivals 100% central financial assistance is allowed to the North Eastern States & the State of Jammu & Kashmir only.







Today in Indian History
Events for February 6

6-February-1827 Shyam Shastri, musician and a great artist of India, passed away at the age of 65 years.
6-February-1887 Manabendra Nath Roy (his childhood name was Narendranath Bhattacharya), leftist thinker, great Indian politician and philosophist, was born at Arbelia village of 24-Parganas of West Bengal. He was the founder of 'Radical Democratic Party' after quitting Congress during World War II.
6-February-1915 Poet Pradeep (Ramchandra Divedi) was born at Bandnagar, MP.
6-February-1931 Motilal Gangadhar Nehru, revolutionary, founder of 'Swaraj Party', political leader and barrister, passed away at Lucknow.
6-February-1932 Veena Das, revolutionary freedom fighter, shot Stenly Jackson, Governor of Calcutta at the convocation ceremony of B.A. degree, but Jackson was afraid and bend down, thus the aim was missed.
6-February-1932 Dorabji Jamshetji Tata, great industrialist, passed away.
6-February-1937 Baldev Singh, Chahal campaigner, was born.
6-February-1939 Sayaji Rao Gaekwad III of Baroda, great nationalist and social reformer, passed away.
6-February-1949 India to nationalize the estate of Nizam, the world's richest man, from Hyderabad.
6-February-1950 N. R. Pillai was appointed as the Cabinet Secretary of India. He held this office till 13-05-1953.
6-February-1952 George VI (1895-1952), King of the United Kingdom, died of lung cancer at the age of 56 (succeeded by daughter, Elizabeth II). In 1947, His title of Emperor of India was deleted.
6-February-1953 Congress, PSP, CP and Jansangh recognised as All India parties by the Election Commission.
6-February-1954 Kashmir Assembly accepts re-unification with India.
6-February-1955 55 miners die in explosion in Bihar State.
6-February-1959 Ann Chandy was appointed the first Woman judge of Kerala High Court. In 1937, she became the 'munsif'.
6-February-1966 Madurai Kamraj University established.
6-February-1985 Vikram Kumar, Soccer(Football) player, was born.
6-February-1990 Ashok Shandilya of Railways wins National billiards crown.
6-February-1992 The Centre decides to wind up the 7-year-old Food Processing Industry ministry.
6-February-1994 Indian Union Muslim League splits, G.M.Banatwala elected President in place of Ibrahim Sulaiman Sait.
6-February-1994 World Marathi Chember of Commerce' established.
6-February-1994 Ram Mahadik, Congress leader, passed away.
6-February-1995 India and France decide to set up permanent Secretariat in Paris during the Indo-French Joint Business Council in Delhi.
6-February-1996 Supreme Court upholds election of CPI (M) leader O. Bharathan to Kerala Assembly from Edakkad (91).
6-February-1998 V. V. S. Laxman scores 301* for Hyderabad against Bihar.
6-February-2000 ''Water'' shooting stopped following suicide by a Shiv Sena activist; and director, Ms. Deepa Mehta asked to leave Varanasi.

Departmental Examination- 2012

In the meeting held with DIT (Exam) on 27th Jan. 2012, it has been decided that the Departmental examination for the year 2012 will be held within the 2nd week of June 2012.

Cadre Restructuring

The DOPT has cleared the Cadre restructuring proposal. According to our understanding there has been a reduction of 391 posts in the Group A cadres up to the level of DCIT. The proposal in respect of Gr.B&C has already been cleared by the Department of Expenditure and Finance Minister without any changes. Now the cadre restructuring proposal is expected to go to the group of Secretaries and then to the Cabinet for clearance.


AS ON 31-01-2012


WORKING STRENGTH                                                   69

VACANCIES                                                                45

% OF VACANCIES                                                        39

The Big Question: Is the Indian woman really empowered?

News headlines recently reported that women are set to lead top public sector banks, mirroring a growing trend in the private sector. Women have proved themselves proficient in the workplace, with powerful skill sets as leaders. They are more collaborative, have higher EQ (emotional quotient), and are better people managers.  It is well documented that gender equality and economic development go hand-in-hand. Empowering women results in higher literacy among children, improves the family’s socio-economic situation, and ensures higher household savings that are pumped back into the economy. 

Has India really achieved gender equality? A closer looks at the facts reveals that India has the biggest percentage of women dropping out of the workforce between junior and middle levels. Women take a break from their careers when they have children. Despite 90% wanting to return to the workforce, employees discriminate against gaps on a resume, and women are forced to give up their careers. The result? Less than 10% of senior management in India is female.

Is the Indian woman really empowered?
Share your opinion in the comments section below, and we will pick and feature the best of them.




Mullaperiyar Dam

Description: Page semi-protected

Mullaperiyar Dam

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3f/Mullapperiyardam.jpg/220px-Mullapperiyardam.jpg

Description: Mullaperiyar Dam is located in Kerala

Description: {{{alt}}}

Location of Mullaperiyar Dam

Official name

Periyar Dam [1]






Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/WMA_button2b.png/17px-WMA_button2b.png9°31′43″N 77°8′39″ECoordinates: Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/5/55/WMA_button2b.png/17px-WMA_button2b.png9°31′43″N 77°8′39″E



Construction began


Opening date




Dam and spillways

Type of dam

Masonry gravity dam irrigation

Height (foundation)

53.66 m (176 ft)[1]


365.85 m (1,200 ft) (main)[1]

Crest width

3.6 m (12 ft)

Base width

42.2 m (138 ft)[2]


Periyar River


13 [3]

Spillway capacity

3,454.62 cubic metres per second (121,999 cu ft/s) [1]



443,230,000 m3 (359,332 acre·ft)

Active capacity

299,130,000 m3 (242,509 acre·ft)[4]

Max. water depth

47.2 m (155 ft)

Power station

Installed capacity


Mullaperiyar Dam (Malayalam: മുല്ലപെരിയാര്‍ അണകെട്ട് )(Tamil: முல்லைப் பெரியாறு அணை) is a masonry gravity dam on the Periyar River.[1][2][5] It is located 881 m (2,890 ft) above mean sea level on the Cardamom Hills of the Western Ghats in Thekkady, Idukki District of Kerala, South India. It was constructed between 1887 and 1895 by the British Government to divert water eastwards to Madras Presidency area (the present-day Tamil Nadu). It has a height of 53.6 m (176 ft) from the foundation and length of 365.7 m (1,200 ft).[1] The Periyar National Park in Thekkady is located around the dam's reservoir. The dam and the river are owned by and located in Kerala [1] but the dam is controlled and operated under a period lease by neighboring Tamil Nadu state.[1] The control and safety of the dam and the validity and fairness of the lease agreement have been points of dispute between Kerala and Tamil Nadu states.[6] The dam is an 'endangered' scheduled dam under the Kerala Irrigation and Water Conservation (Amendment) Act, 2006.[citation needed]


Earlier known as the Periyar dam as it was basically meant to dam the Periyar river,[7] the present name Mullaperiyar is derived from a portmanteau of Mullayar River and Periyar River, at the confluence of which the dam is located below.[8]


Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/11/Mullaperiyar_IA.png/290px-Mullaperiyar_IA.png

Description: http://bits.wikimedia.org/skins-1.18/common/images/magnify-clip.png

68,558 ha (264.70 sq mi) Irrigated Area

The Periyar river which flows westward into the Arabian Sea was diverted eastward to flow towards the Bay of Bengal to provide water to the arid rain shadow region of Madurai in Madras Presidency which was in dire need of a greater supply than the small Vaigai River could give.[7] The dam created the Periyar Thekkady reservoir, from which water was diverted eastwards to via a tunnel to augment the small flow of the Vaigai River. The Vaigai was dammed by the Vaigai Dam to provide a source for irrigating large tracts around Madurai. Initially the dam waters were used only for the irrigation of 68,558 ha (169,411 acres).[9] Later, the Periyar Power Station in the lower Periyar, Tamil Nadu was built which generates hydro-electricity from the diverted waters.[10]

Currently, the water from the Periyar (Thekkadi) Lake created by the dam, is diverted through the water shed cutting and a subterranean tunnel to Forebay Dam near Kumili (Errachipalam) in Tamil Nadu. From Forebay dam, hydel pipe lines carry the water to the Periyar Power Station in Lower Periyar, Tamil Nadu. This is used for power generation (175 MW capacity) in the Periyar Power Station. The Lower Periyar Power Sation was constructed in 1956.

From the Periyar Power Station, the water is let out into Vairavanar river and then to Suruliyar and from Suruliyar to Vaigai Dam.



The Mullaperiyar Dam is a gravity dam made with limestone and surkhi (a mixture of crushed brick, sugar and quicklime). Gravity dams use their weight and the force of gravity to support the reservoir and remain stable.[2][5] The main dam has a maximum height of 53.6 m (176 ft) and length of 365.7 m (1,200 ft). Its crest is 3.6 m (12 ft) wide while the base has a width of 42.2 m (138 ft). It consists of a main dam, spillway on its left and an auxiliary dam (or "baby dam") to the right. Its reservoir can withhold 443,230,000 m3 (359,332 acre·ft) of water, of which 299,130,000 m3 (242,509 acre·ft) is active (live) storage.[2][4]

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/a1/Mullaperiyar-Outline.svg/400px-Mullaperiyar-Outline.svg.png

Description: http://bits.wikimedia.org/skins-1.18/common/images/magnify-clip.png

Layout of Mullaperiyar dam.


Feasability studies

The unique idea of harnessing the westward flowing water of the Periyar river and diverting it to the eastward flowing Vagai river was first explored in 1789 by Pradani Muthirulappa Pillai, a minister of the Ramnad king Muthuramalinga Sethupathy, who gave it up as he found it to be expensive.[11] The location of the dam had first been scouted by Captain J. L. Caldwell, Madras Engineers (abbreviated as M.E.) in 1808 to reconnoitre the feasibility of providing water from the Periyar river to Madurai by a tunnel through the mountains. Caldwell discovered that the excavation needed would be in excess of 100 feet in depth and the project was abandoned with the comment in his report as "decidedly chimerical and unworthy of any further regard".[7]

The first attempt at damming the Periyar with an earthen dam in 1850 was given up due to demands for higher wages by the labour citing unhealthy living conditions.[5] The proposal was resubmitted a number of times and in 1862, Captain J. G. Ryves, M.E., carried out a study and submitted proposals in 1867 for another earthwork dam, 62 feet high. The matter was debated by the Madras Government and the matter further delayed by the terrible famine of 1876-77. Finally, in 1882, the construction of the dam was approved and Major John Pennycuick, M.E., placed in charge to prepare a revised project and estimate which was approved in 1884 by his superiors.[7]


On 29 October 1886, a lease indenture for 999 years was made between the Maharaja of Travancore, Visakham Thirunal Rama Varma and the British Secretary of State for India for Periyar Irrigation Works. The lease agreement was signed by Dewan of Travancore V Ram Iyengar and State Secretary of Madras State J C Hannington. This lease was made after 24 years negotiation between the Maharaja and the British. The lease indenture granted full right, power and liberty to the Secretary of State for India to construct make and carry out on the leased land and to use exclusively when constructed, made and carried out, all such irrigation works and other works ancillary thereto to. The agreement gave 8000 acres of land for the reservoir and another 100 acres to construct the dam. The tax for each acre was Description: INR5 per year. The lease provided the British the rights over "all the waters" of the Mullaperiyar and its catchment basin, for an annual rent of Description: INR40,000.[12]

In 1947, after Indian Independence, After British India was partitioned in 1947 into India and Pakistan, Travancore and Cochin joined the Union of India and on 1 July 1949 were merged to form Travancore-Cochin. On 1 January 1950 (Republic Day), Travancore-Cochin was recognised as a state. The Madras Presidency was organised to form Madras State in 1947.

On 1 November 1956, the state of Kerala was formed by the States Reorganisation Act merging the Malabar district, Travancore-Cochin , and the taluk of Kasargod, South Kanara.[50] In 1957, elections for the new Kerala Legislative Assembly were held, and a reformist, Communist-led government came to power, under E.M.S. Namboodiripad.[50]The Communist government initiated pioneering land reforms, leading to lowest levels of rural poverty in India .And the Kerala state govt announced that the agreement which was signed between British Raj and Travancore agreement has expired. And Keral Govt said in need to be renewd. After several failed attempts to renew the agreement in 1958, 1960, and 1969, the agreement was renewed in 1970 when C Achutha Menon was Kerala Chief Minister. According to the renewed agreement, the tax per acre was increased to Description: INR30, and for the electricity generated in Lower Camp using Mullaperiyar water, the charge was Description: INR12 per kiloWatt per hour. Tamil Nadu uses the water and the land, and the Tamil Nadu government has been paying to the Kerala government for the past 50 years Description: INR2.5 lakhs as tax per year for the whole land and Description: INR7.5 lakhs per year as surcharge for the total amount of electricity generated.[10][12] The validity of this agreement is under dispute between the States of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. The matter is currently pending before a Division Bench of the Supreme Court.[13][14][15][16]


Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2f/Mullapperiyaar_Cross_Section.svg/300px-Mullapperiyaar_Cross_Section.svg.png

Description: http://bits.wikimedia.org/skins-1.18/common/images/magnify-clip.png

Cross-section of the dam.

In May 1887, construction of the dam began. As per "The Military Engineer in India" Vol II by Sandes (1935), the dam was constructed from lime stone and surkhi (burnt brick powder and a mixture of sugar and calcium oxide, one of the archaic construction techniques of 19th century) [5] at a cost of Description: INR104 lakhs, was 173 feet high and 1241 feet in length along the top and enclosed more than 15 thousand million cubic feet of water.[7] Another source states that the dam was constructed of concrete (no real evidence or reference for this) and gives a figure of 152 feet height of the full water level of the reservoir, with impounding capacity of 10.56 thousand million cubic feet along-with a total estimated cost of Description: INR84.71 lak.[7]

The construction involved the use of troops from the 1st and 4th battalions of the Madras Pioneers as well as Portuguese carpenters from Cochin who were employed in the construction of the coffer-dams and other structures.[7] The greatest challenge was the diversion of the river so that lower portions of the great dam could be built. The temporary embankments and coffer-dams used to restrain the river waters were regularly swept away by floods and rains. Due to the coffer dam failures, the British stopped funding the project. Officer Pennycuick raised funds by selling his wife's jewelry to continue the work. In Madurai, Major Pennycuick's statue has been installed at the state PWD office and his photographs are found adorning walls in peoples homes and shops. In 2002, his great grandson was honoured in Madurai, a function that was attended by thousands of people.[11]

The dam created a reservoir in a remote gorge of the Periyar river situated 3,000 feet above the sea in dense and malarial jungle, and from the northerly arm of this manmade waterbody, the water flowed first through a deep cutting for about a mile and then through a tunnel, 5704 feet in length and later through another cutting on the other side of the watershed and into a natural ravine and so onto the Vaigai River which has been partly built up for a length of 86 miles, finally discharging 2000 cusecs of water for the arid rain shadow regions of present-day Theni, Madurai District, Sivaganga District and Ramanathapuram districts of Tamil Nadu, then under British rule as part of Madras Province (Sandes, 1935).[7]

The Periyar project, as it was then known, was widely considered well into the 20th Century as "one of the most extraordinary feats of engineering ever performed by man".[7] A large amount of manual labour was involved and worker mortality from malaria was high. It was claimed that had it not been for "the medicinal effects of the native spirit called arrack, the dam might never have been finished".[7] 483 people died of diseases during the construction of this dam and were buried on-site in a cemetery just north of the dam.

Protected area

Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/66/Periyar_National_Park.JPG/220px-Periyar_National_Park.JPG

Description: http://bits.wikimedia.org/skins-1.18/common/images/magnify-clip.png

Periyar National Park

The Periyar National Park in Thekkady, a Protected area of Kerala, is located around the dam's reservoir, the 26 km2 (10 sq mi) Periyar lake. 62 different kinds of mammals have been recorded in Periyar, including many threatened ones. Periyar is a highly protected tiger reserve and elephant reserve. There are an estimated 53 tigers (2010) in the reserve.[17] Tourists come here to view the Indian elephants in their natural habitat. The elephant number around 900 to 1000 individuals. Other mammals found here include gaur, Bison, sambar (horse deer), barking deer, mouse deer, Dholes (Indian wild dogs), mongoose, foxesand leopards. Also inhabiting the park, though rarely seen, are the elusive Nilgiri tahr. Four species of primates are found at Periyar - the rare lion-tailed macaque, the Nilgiri Langur, the commonlangur, and the Bonnet Macaque. According to a report by the Kerala Forest Research Institute, the protected area surrounding the dam and reservoir is classified as a biodiversity hot spot.[18]

Dam Safety

After the 1979 Morvi Dam failure which killed up to 25,000 people [19] safety concerns of the aging Mullaperiyar dam's and alleged leaks and cracks in the structure were raised by Kerala Government.[20] A State agency, Centre for Earth Science Studies (CESS), Thiruvananthapuram, had reported that the structure would not withstand an earthquake above magnitude 6 on the Richter scale.[20] The dam was also inspected by the Chairman, CWC (Central Water Commission). On the orders of the CWC, the Tamil Nadu government lowered the storage level from 142.2 feet to 136 feet, conducted safety repairs and strengthened the dam.[9] Strengthening measures adopted by Tamil Nadu PWD from 1979 onwards include cable anchoring of the dam's structure and RCC backing for the front slope. According Government of Kerala, " mistakes in the strengthening works carried out by Tamil Nadu" in 1979 damaged the masonry of the dam.[21]

Current safety concerns hinge around several issues. Since the dam was constructed using stone ruble masonry with lime mortar grouting following prevailing 19th century construction techniques that have now become archaic. Seepage and leaks from the dam have caused concern.[22][23] Moreover, the dam is situated in a seismically active zone.[24] An earthquake measuring 4.5 on the Richter scale occurred on June 7, 1988 with maximum damage in Nedumkandam and Kallar (within 20 km of the dam). Consequently several earthquake tremors have occurred in the area in recent times. These could be reservoir-induced seismicity, requiring further studies according to experts.[25] CESS, IIT Roorkee and IISc have reported that the dam cannot withstand earthquakes above 6 point on the Richter scale.[26]

Interstate dispute



Description: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4e/Padhathi_pradesham.JPG/300px-Padhathi_pradesham.JPG

Description: http://bits.wikimedia.org/skins-1.18/common/images/magnify-clip.png

Mullaperiyar reservoir

For Tamil Nadu, Mullaperiyar dam and the diverted Periyar waters act as a lifeline for Theni, Madurai, Sivaganga and Ramnad Districts, providing water for irrigation, drinking and also for generation of power in Lower Periyar Power Station. Tamil Nadu has insisted on exercising its unfettered rights to control the dam and its waters, based on the 1866 lease agreement. Kerala has pointed out the unfairness in the 1886 lease agreement and has challenged the validity of this agreement. However safety concerns posed by the 116 year old dam to the safety of the people of Kerala in the event of a dam collapse, have been the focus of disputes from 2009 onward. Kerala's proposal for decommissioning the dam and construction of a new dam, has been challenged by Tamil Nadu.

Tamil Nadu has insisted on raising the water level in the dam to 142 feet, pointing out crop failures. One estimate states that "the crop losses to Tamil Nadu, because of the reduction in the height of the dam, between 1980 and 2005 is a whopping Description: INR40,000 crores. In the process the farmers of the erstwhile rain shadow areas in Tamil Nadu who had started a thrice yearly cropping pattern had to go back to the bi-annual cropping." [27]

The Kerala Government maintains that this is not true. During the year 1979–80 the gross area cultivated in Periyar command area was 171,307 acres (693.25 km2). After the lowering of the level to 136 ft (41 m), the gross irrigated area increased and in 1994–95 it reached 229,718 acres (929.64 km2).[28] The Tamil Nadu government had increased its withdrawal from the reservoir, with additional facilities to cater to the increased demand from newly irrigated areas.[citation needed]

In 2006, the Supreme Court of India by its decision by a three member division bench, allowed for the storage level to be raised to 142 feet (43 m) pending completion of the proposed strengthening measures, provision of other additional vents and implementation of other suggestions.[29]

However, the Kerala Government promulgated a new "Dam Safety Act" against increasing the storage level of the dam, which has not been objected by the Supreme Court. Tamil Nadu challenged it on various grounds. The Supreme Court issued notice to Kerala to respond, however did not stay the operation of the Act even as an interim measure. The Court then advised the States to settle the matter amicably, and adjourned hearing in order to enable them to do so. The Supreme Court of India termed the act as not unconstitutional.[30] Meanwhile, the Supreme Court constituted a Constitution bench to hear the case considering its wide ramifications.[9]

Kerala did not object giving water to Tamil Nadu. Their main cause of objection is the dams safety as it is as old as 116 years. Increasing the level would add more pressure to be handled by already leaking dam.[31] Tamil Nadu wants the 2006 order of Supreme court be implemented so as to increase the water level to 142 feet (43 m).

In 2000 Frontline one author stated thus: "For every argument raised by Tamil Nadu in support of its claims, there is counter-argument in Kerala that appears equally plausible. Yet, each time the controversy gets embroiled in extraneous issues, two things stand out: One is Kerala's refusal to acknowledge the genuine need of the farmers in the otherwise drought-prone regions of Tamil Nadu for the waters of the Mullaperiyar; the other is Tamil Nadu's refusal to see that it cannot rely on or continue to expect more and more from the resources of another State to satisfy its own requirements to the detriment of the other State. A solution perhaps lies in acknowledging the two truths, but neither government can afford the political repercussions of such a confession".[32]

Justice A.S. Anand Committee (The Empowered Committee)

On 18 February 2010, the Supreme Court decided to constitute a five-member empowered committee to study all the issues of Mullaiperiyar Dam and seek a report from it within six months.[33] The Bench in its draft order said Tamil Nadu and Kerala would have the option to nominate a member each, who could be either a retired judge or a technical expert. The five-member committee will be headed by former Chief Justice of India A. S. Anand to go into all issues relating to the dam's safety and the storage level. However, the then ruling party of Tamil Nadu, DMK, passed a resolution that it not only oppose the apex court's decision to form the five-member committee, but also said that the state government will not nominate any member to it.[34]

The then Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi said that immediately after the Supreme Court announced its decision to set up a committee, he had written to Congress president asking the Centre to mediate between Kerala and Tamil Nadu on Mullaperiyar issue.[35] However, the then Leader of Opposition i.e., the present Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu J. Jayalalithaaobjected to the TN Government move. She said that this would give advantage to Kerala in the issue.[36] Meanwhile, Kerala Water Resources Minister N. K. Premachandran told the state Assembly that the State should have the right of construction, ownership, operation and maintenance of the new dam, while giving water to Tamil Nadu on the basis of a clear cut agreement. He also informed the media that Former Supreme Court Judge Mr. K. T. Thomas will represent Kerala on the expert panel constituted by Supreme Court.[37]

On 8 March 2010, Tamil Nadu told the Supreme Court that it was not interested in adjudicating the dispute with Kerala before the special “empowered” committee appointed by the apex court for settling the inter-State issue.[38] However, Supreme Court refused to accept Tamil Nadu's request to scrap the decision to form the empowered committee. The Supreme Court also criticized the Union Government on its reluctance in funding the empowered committee.[39]

Implementing directions of the Supreme Court, the Central Government extended the terms of Empowered Committee for a further period of six months, namely till April 30, 2012.[9]

Construction of a new dam

Kerala enacted the Kerala Irrigation and Water Conservation (Amendment) Act, 2006 to ensure safety of all 'endangered' dams in the State, listed in the second schedule to the Act. Section 62A of the Act provides for listing in the schedule, "details of the dams which are endangered on account of their age, degeneration, degradation, structural or other impediments as are specified".[40][41] The second schedule to the Act lists Mullaperiyar (dam) constructed in 1895 and fixes 136 feet as its maximum water level. The Act empowers Kerala Dam Safety Authority (Authority specified in the Act) to oversee safety of dams in the State and sec 62(e) empowers the Authority to direct the custodian (of a dam) "to suspend the functioning of any dam, to decommission any dam or restrict the functioning of any dam if public safety or threat to human life or property, so require". The Authority can conduct periodical inspection of any dam listed in the schedule.

In pursuance of Kerala's dam safety law declaring Mullaperiyar dam as an endangered dam, in September 2009, the Ministry of Environment and Forests of Government of India granted environmental clearance to Kerala for conducting survey for new dam downstream.[42] Tamil Nadu approached Supreme Court for a stay order against the clearance; however, the plea was rejected. Consequently, the survey was started in October, 2009. On Sept. 9, 2009 stated it had already communicated to the Government of India as well as to the Government of Kerala that there is no need for construction of a new dam by the Kerala Government, as the existing dam after it is strengthened, functions like a new dam.[9]


Taxpayers.O Lounge .L the stall set up by Income Tax Department at India

7 Signs that You are Over-Working

7 Signs that You are Over-Working
There are times in life when our aspirations tend to transcend the limits of the body.

Such a high degree of dedication often comes at the expense of overworking. Thus, If you are experiencing any of these issues then you are bargaining with your life. Here are 7 signs that you might be overworking.

Read more:

7 Signs that You are Over-Working

Ignoring the family

You must confess that irrespective of what position you are working in, the objective is to make a handsome living for the family. Thus, it is vital that you must not refrain from participating in family issues in a bid to excel in career. If you fail to spend ample of time with the family; over working is the main reason for it. You should look out for the following symptoms too:

1. Avoiding shopping/movies.

2. Not being able to help the kids for Homework.

3. Romance is elusive in your life.

4. Not anchoring for responsibilities.

7 Signs that You are Over-Working

Excessive smoking and drinking

Smoking a cigarette will make you regret”. This may be a mere platitude, but if an inclination towards smoking and drinking is increasing manifold in order to de-stress yourself then it may not be a wise decision. It is gratuitous to ignore your health to make a dream career. Your health must hold paramount importance. Any lapses in this department may prove to be catastrophic.

Sleep Deprivation

This is the most common sign of over-working. If you happen to be excessively stressed, then insomnia is inevitable. At times, sleep deprivation can lead to a nervous breakdown. Such an issue is of grave concern, which can hold your burgeoning career hostage. It is best to avoid such circumstances where one has to take a capsule to put the mind and soul to rest.

7 Signs that You are Over-Working

Prolonged sickness

If you happen to suffer from lasting body ache or perennial cold, then there are chances that you are going overboard with your work. This can create carnage in your healthy life. By going on a vacation, you can rejuvenate and replenish your body.

Committing silly mistakes

One often tends to become negligent in other areas of life when he becomes too serious in work. It is critical not to capitulate under such circumstances as they can prove to be costly. Do not let work govern your moves in life. This will cause one too many faux pas.

7 Signs that You are Over-Working

Getting Angry and frustrated

If you're getting petulant and irascible, it could be due to the heavy work load. It is essential to keep yourself free from any work trauma as this creates a lot of friction with other members in the family. It can fetter the relationships in the long run.

Copious caffeine intake

If you're drinking close to about a dozen cups of coffee or red bull, then it is high time you start hitting the Gym. The body cannot afford such an addiction as it reduces sleep and causes insomnia.

Tip of the day: Don't be serious, be Sincere!

புதிய தொலைத் தொடர்பு கொள்கை:மொபைல் ரோமிங் கட்டணம் ரத்தாகிறது

  • புதிய தொலைத் தொடர்பு கொள்கை:மொபைல் ரோமிங் கட்டணம் ரத்தாகிறது

    புதிய தொலைத் தொடர்பு கொள்கை:மொபைல் ரோமிங் கட்டணம் ரத்தாகிறது

புதுடில்லி:நாடு முழுவதும் மொபைல் போன் ரோமிங் கட்டணம், விரைவில் ரத்து செய்யப்படுகிறது. இதற்காக, புதிய தொலைத் தொடர்பு கொள்கை வகுக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.மத்திய அரசு விரைவில், புதிய தொலைத் தொடர்பு கொள்கையை அறிமுகப்படுத்தவுள்ளது. இதற்கான வரைவு அறிக்கையை, மத்திய தொலைத் தொடர்பு அமைச்சர் கபில் சிபல் நேற்று வெளியிட்டார். அப்போது அவர் கூறியதாவது:மொபைல் போன் சேவையில், நாடு முழுவதற்கும் ஒரே மாதிரியான லைசென்ஸ் முறையை கொண்டு வர, இலக்கு நிர்ணயிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது.
தற்போது, இந்தியா முழுவதும் தொலைத் தொடர்பு சேவைக்காக 22 வட்டங்களாக பிரிக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. வாடிக்கையாளர் ஒரு வட்டத்திலிருந்து மற்றொரு தொலைத் தொடர்பு வட்டத்திற்குச் செல்லும் போது,ரோமிங் கட்டணம் என்ற பெயரில் கூடுதல் கட்டணம் வசூலிக்கப்படுகிறது. இதை ரத்து செய்ய, புதிய தொலைத் தொடர்பு கொள்கையில் வழி செய்யப்பட்டுள்ளது. இதனால், இந்தியாவில் எந்த பகுதிக்குச் சென்றாலும் ரோமிங் கட்டணம் இனி இருக்காது. மேலும், ஒரு சேவை நிறுவனத்திலிருந்து மற்றொரு சேவைக்கு மாறும் போது, மொபைல் போன் எண்ணை தொடர்ந்து மாற்றாமல் வைத்துக் கொள்ள அனுமதியளிக்கப்படும். இந்த மாற்றத்தின் மூலம், இந்தியாவிற்குள் பேசினால் இனி, உள்ளூர், எஸ்.டி.டி., என்ற பாகுபாடு இல்லாமல், இந்தியாவிற்குள் எங்கு பேசினாலும் ஒரே கட்டணமாகத் தான் இருக்கும்.மேலும், ஸ்பெக்ட்ரம் விற்பனையில் மாற்றம் கொண்டுவரப்படும்.
ஸ்பெக்ட்ரம் ஒதுக்கீடு, லைசென்ஸ் தனித்தனியாக பிரிக்கப்படும். இருப்பினும், இந்தாண்டு ஸ்பெக்ட்ரம் ஏலம் ஒதுக்கீடு இருக்காது. ஸ்பெக்ட்ரம் விற்பனை, சந்தை விலையில் இருக்கும். நாடு முழுவதும் பிராட்பேண்ட் சேவையை விரிவுபடுத்தும் நோக்கில், வரும் 2017ம் ஆண்டுக்குள், தொலைத்தொடர்பு அடர்த்தி 300 மெகாஹெர்ட்ஸ் வரை உயர்த்தப்படும். மீதமுள்ள 200 மெகாஹெர்ட், 2020ம் ஆண்டுக்குள் உயர்த்தப்படும்.ரோமிங் கட்டணம் ரத்தாவது எந்த தேதியிலிருந்து அமலாகிறது என்பது பற்றி, கபில் சிபல் தெரிவிக்கவில்லை. மேலும், கிராமங்கள் மற்றும் நகரங்களுக்கு இடையே அகன்ற அலைவரிசை மற்றும் மொபைல் வசதிகளில் உள்ள இடைவெளியைக் குறைக்க, அரசு முயற்சி மேற்கொண்டிருக்கிறது.இவ்வாறு கபில் சிபல் கூறினார்.


கலாநிதி, தயாநிதி வீடுகளில் சி.பி.ஐ., சோதனை; இருவர் மீதும் வழக்குகள் பதிவு

  • 2 ஜி மெகா ஊழல்: எப்.ஐ.ஆர் பதிவு செய்தது சி.பிஐ.,- தயாநிதி- கலாநிதி வீடுகளில் அதிரடி ரெய்டு

    2 ஜி மெகா ஊழல்: எப்.ஐ.ஆர் பதிவு செய்தது சி.பிஐ.,- தயாநிதி- கலாநிதி வீடுகளில் அதிரடி ரெய்டு

சென்னை: தி.முக., முன்னாள் மத்திய அமைச்சர் தயாநிதி மற்றும் அவரடைய சகோதரர் கலாநிதி வீடுகளில் சி.பி.ஐ., சோதனை நடத்தி வருகிறது. இருவர் மீதும் வழக்குகள் பதிவு செய்துள்ள சி.பி.ஐ., சன் டி.வி., உட்பட அவர்களுடைய அலுவலகங்கள் மற்றும் அவர்களுக்கு நெருக்கமானவர்களுடைய வீடுகளிலும் சோதனை நடத்தி வருகிறது. ஏர்செல் வழக்கு ‌தொடர்பாக இந்த சோதனை நடத்தப்படுவதாக தெரிகிறது.

தயாநிதியின் வீட்டிற்கு, 323 தொலைபேசி இணைப்புகளை சட்ட விரோதமாக வழங்கியது தொடர்பான பைல்களை, தொலைத்தொடர்புத் துறை சமர்ப்பிக்க வேண்டும்' என, சி.பி.ஐ., உத்தரவிட்டிருந்தது. மத்திய தொலைத்தொடர்புத் துறை அமைச்சராக தயாநிதி பதவி வகித்த காலத்தில், சென்னையில் உள்ள அவரின் போட் ஹவுஸ் இல்லத்திற்கு, பி.எஸ். என்.எல்., பொது மேலாளர் பெயரில், 323 தொலைபேசி இணைப்புகள் வழங்கப்பட்டன.

சன் "டிவி' அலுவலகத்தில் இருந்து பூமிக்கு அடியில் தயாநிதியின் வீட்டிற்கு அமைக்கப்பட்ட பிரத்யேக கேபிள்கள் மூலம், இந்த தொலைபேசி இணைப்புகள் எல்லாம் சட்ட விரோதமாக பயன்படுத்தப்பட்டன. இந்த தொலைபேசி இணைப்புகள் எல்லாம், கட்டணம் அதிகமான ஐ.என்.டி.என்., வசதிகளைக் கொண்டிருந்தன. அதன் மூலம் சன் "டிவி'க்குத் தேவையான தகவல்கள், செய்திகள் மற்றும் "டிவி' நிகழ்ச்சிகள், உலகம் முழுவதிலும் இருந்து வெகு விரைவாகப் பெறப்பட்டன என்று சில தரப்பில் புகார் தெரிவிக்கப்பட்டது.

புகார் குறித்து, ஏற்கனவே நான்கு ஆண்டுகளுக்கு முன் விசாரணை நடத்திய சி.பி.ஐ., இது தொடர்பாக நடவடிக்கை எடுக்கும்படி, மத்திய தொலைத்தொடர்புத் துறையை கேட்டுக் கொண்டது. ஆனால், அந்தத் துறையினர் எந்த நடவடிக்கையும் எடுக்கவில்லை. இந்நிலையில், கடந்த வாரம் முழுமையான விசாரணையை சி.பி.ஐ., துவக்கியது.
இதையடுத்து, சன் "டிவி' நிறுவனத்திற்கும், தயாநிதியின் வீட்டிற்கும் இடையே அமைக்கப்பட்டிருந்த கேபிள்கள் மற்றும் அது தொடர்பான தொழில்நுட்ப ரீதியான விவரங்களைத் தரும்படி, தகவல் தொடர்புத் துறையை சி.பி.ஐ., அதிகாரிகள் கேட்டுக் கொண்டிருந்தனர்.

இந்த நிலையில் இன்று புதுடில்லி ம்ற்றும் சென்னையில் உள்ள தயாநிதி மற்றும் கலாநிதி வீடுகள், அலுவலகங்களில் சிபி.ஐ., சோதனை நடத்தி வருகிறது.


கம்ப்யூட்டரில் நவீன தொழில்நுட்பத்தை புகுத்திய ஆப்பிள் நிறுவன தலைவர் ஸ்டீவ் ஜாப்ஸ் மறைவு

  • கம்ப்யூட்டரில் நவீன தொழில்நுட்பத்தை புகுத்திய ஆப்பிள் நிறுவன தலைவர் ஸ்டீவ் ஜாப்ஸ் மறைவு

  • கம்ப்யூட்டரில் நவீன தொழில்நுட்பத்தை புகுத்திய ஆப்பிள் நிறுவன தலைவர் ஸ்டீவ் ஜாப்ஸ் மறைவு

நியூயார்க் : ஆப்பிள் கம்ப்யூட்டர் நிறுவனத்தின் இணை நிறுவனர் ஸ்டீவ் ஜாப்ஸ் புற்று நோயால் நேற்று முன்தினம் காலமானார். உலகப் புகழ் பெற்ற கம்ப்யூட்டர் தொழில்நுட்ப நிறுவனமான, "ஆப்பிள்' நிறுவனத்தின் தலைவரும், இணை நிறுவனருமான ஸ்டீவ் ஜாப்ஸ், 56, கணைய புற்று நோயால், 2004ம் ஆண்டு முதல் அவதிப்பட்டு வந்தார். கடந்த 2009ம் ஆண்டு இவருக்கு கல்லீரல் மாற்று அறுவை சிகிச்சை நடந்தது. இதன் காரணமாக இவர், கடந்த ஆகஸ்ட் மாதம் டிம் குக் என்பவரிடம் இந்நிறுவனத்தின் நிர்வாகப் பொறுப்பை ஒப்படைத்தார்.

ஸ்டீவ் ஜாப்சின் சீரிய முயற்சியால் கம்ப்யூட்டர் ஓரிடத்திலிருந்து மற்றொரு இடத்துக்கு எடுத்துச் செல்லும் வகையில் வடிவமைக்கப்பட்டது. ஐபாட், ஐபோன், டேப்ளட் கம்ப்யூட்டர், எம்பி3 போன்றவற்றையும் உலகுக்கு அறிமுகப்படுத்தியது ஸ்டீவ் ஜாப்ஸ் நிர்வாகம் தான். கம்ப்யூட்டரில் ஏராளமான நவீன தொழில்நுட்பத்தை புகுத்திய பெருமை இவரையே சாரும். கலிபோர்னியாவில் உள்ள பாலோ ஆல்டோ பகுதியில், ஜாப்ஸ் அமைதியான முறையில் மரணம் அடைந்ததாக அவரது குடும்பத்தினர் தெரிவித்துள்ளனர். ஜாப்ஸ் மறைவுக்கு, அமெரிக்க அதிபர் ஒபாமா, பிரதமர் மன்மோகன் சிங், ரஷ்ய அதிபர் மெட்வடேவ் உள்ளிட்ட உலகத் தலைவர்கள் இரங்கல் தெரிவித்துள்ளனர்.

ஒபாமா தனது இரங்கல் செய்தியில் குறிப்பிடுகையில், "நமது வாழ்க்கையை மாற்றியவர். பல தொழில்களுக்கு புது அர்த்தம் கொடுத்தவர். அவரது மரணத்தை அவர் அறிமுகப்படுத்திய கருவியிலேயே பெரும்பாலோர் தெரிந்து கொண்டனர். இதை விட அவருக்கு பெரிய அஞ்சலி வேறு எதுவும் இருக்க முடியாது' என தெரிவித்துள்ளார்.

ஜாப்சின் மரணம் குறித்து பேஸ்புக், டிவிட்டர் போன்ற சமூக இணையதளங்களில் அவருக்கான அஞ்சலி குறிப்புகள் குவிந்த வண்ணம் உள்ளன. சீனாவில் டிவிட்டர் இணையதளத்தில் 5 கோடி பேர், ஜாப்சின் மரணம் குறித்து அஞ்சலி குறிப்பை பதிவு செய்துள்ளனர். மைக்ரோசாப்ட் தலைவர் பில்கேட்ஸ் குறிப்பிடுகையில், "ஜாப்ஸ் செலுத்திய தாக்கத்தைப் போல உலகில் வேறொருவரை காண்பது அரிது' என்றார். ஜாப்ஸ் காட்டிய அறிவு, உற்சாகம் தான் இந்நிறுவனத்தின் புதிய கண்டுபிடிப்புகளுக்கு தூண்டுகோலாக அமைந்தது என, ஆப்பிள் நிறுவனம் தெரிவித்துள்ளது. நியூயார்க் நகர மேயர் மைக்கேல் ப்ளும்பர்க், ஜாப்சை, ஐன்ஸ்டீன் மற்றும் தாமஸ் ஆல்வா எடிசனோடு ஒப்பிட்டு புகழஞ்சலி செலுத்தியுள்ளார்.

புத்த மதத்தை தழுவியவர் :
கடந்த 1970ம் ஆண்டுகளில் இந்தியாவில் சுற்றுப் பயணம் செய்த ஜாப்ஸ், தனது பள்ளி நண்பருடன் சேர்ந்து புத்த மதத்தை தழுவினார். அப்போது அவர் குறிப்பிடுகையில், "இந்தியா எனக்கு கொடுத்த பரிசு தான் இந்த புத்த மதம்' என்றார்.
கடந்த 1991ம் ஆண்டு, புத்த மதச் சடங்கில் கலந்து கொண்டு திருமணம் செய்து கொண்டார். இதன் மூலம் அவருக்கு மூன்று குழந்தைகளும், முந்தைய பெண் நண்பர் மூலம் ஒரு குழந்தையும் உள்ளது.

ஆப்பிள் நிறுவனத்திலிருந்து வெளியேற்றப்பட்டவர் ஜாப்ஸ் :
கடந்த 1976ம் ஆண்டு, தனது பள்ளித் தோழருடன் இணைந்து, "ஆப்பிள்' நிறுவனத்தை ஆரம்பித்தார். 10 ஆண்டுகளுக்கு பிறகு சில பிரச்னைகளால் இவர் வெளியேற்றப்பட்டார். இந்நிறுவனத்துக்கு 800 மில்லியன் டாலருக்கும் அதிகமாக நஷ்டம் ஏற்பட்டது.
அதன்பின் மீண்டும் இந்நிறுவனத்தில் இணைந்த ஜாப்ஸ் இடைக்கால தலைவராக பொறுப்பேற்று, நஷ்டம் ஏற்படும் விஷயங்களையெல்லாம் குறைத்தார். விண்டோவுக்கு இணையாக, "மேக்' என்ற புதிய கண்டுபிடிப்பை அறிமுகப்படுத்தி, தனது நிறுவனத்தின் புகழை உச்சிக்கு கொண்டு சென்றார்.

அசத்திய அறிமுகங்கள்
* 2010ம் ஆண்டின் படி, ஆப்பிள் நிறுவனத்தின் வருமானம் 325 லட்சம் கோடி ரூபாய்.
* 2001ல், "ஐ-பாட்' எனும் பாடல் கேட்கும் கருவியை ஆப்பிள் நிறுவனம் வெளியிட்டது. 2007ல் முதலாம் தலைமுறை, "ஐ-போன்' எனும் மொபைல் போனை ஸ்டீவ் ஜாப்ஸ் வெளியிட்டார்.
2010ல், "ஐ-பேட்' எனும் டேப்லெட் கம்ப்யூட்டரை வெளியிட்டது. வெளியான முதல் 80 நாட்களில் 30 லட்சம் "ஐ-பேட்'களை விற்பனை செய்து சாதனை படைத்தது. இதன் விற்பனை 2010 இறுதியில் 1 கோடியே 40 லட்சமாக உயர்ந்தது.
* 2011ல் ஐந்தாம் தலைமுறை "ஐ-போன்' எனும் மொபைல் போனை ஆப்பிள் நிறுவனம் வெளியிட்டு வாடிக்கையாளர்களை வியப்பில் ஆழ்த்தியது.

கம்ப்யூட்டரையே "சுவாசித்த' ஸ்டீவ் ஜாப்ஸ் :
ஆப்பிள் நிறுவனத்தின் நிறுவனர்களில் ஒருவரும், அதன் தலைவர் மற்றும் தலைமை நிர்வாகியாகவும் செயல்பட்ட ஸ்டீவ் ஜாப்ஸ் சிறந்த கம்ப்யூட்டர் நிபுணர். கம்ப்யூட்டர் மற்றும் எலக்ட்ரானிக்ஸ் துறையில் இவரது கண்டுபிடிப்புகள் பிரபலமானவை. இவர் 1955, பிப்., 24ல் அமெரிக்காவின் கலிபோர்னியாவில் பிறந்தார். இவருக்கு ஒரு மகன், இரண்டு மகள்கள் உள்ளனர்.
ஸ்டீவ் ஜாப்ஸ், ரொனால்டு வாய்ன் மற்றும் ஸ்டீவ் வாஜ்னிக் ஆகிய மூவரும் இணைந்து ஆப்பிள் கம்ப்யூட்டர் நிறுவனத்தை 1976 ஏப்., 1ல் துவங்கினர். இந்நிறுவனம் பர்சனல் கம்ப்யூட்டர், எலக்ட்ரானிக்ஸ், "ஐ-பேட்', "ஐ-போன்', " ஐ-பாட்' உள்ளிட்ட தயாரிப்புகளில் தனிச்சிறப்பு பெற்றது.
ஆப்பிள் நிறுவன கம்ப்யூட்டர்கள், "மேக் ஓஎஸ் எக்ஸ்' எனும் ஆபரேட்டிங் சிஸ்டத்தில் செயல்படுகின்றன. 1985ல் ஆப்பிள் நிறுவனத்தில் இருந்து விலகிய ஸ்டீவ் ஜாப்ஸ் "நெக்ஸ்ட்' எனும் கம்ப்யூட்டர் நிறுவனத்தை துவங்கினார். 1996ல் ஆப்பிள் நிறுவனம், ஸ்டீவ் ஜாப்சை திரும்ப அழைத்துக் கொண்டது. அன்று முதல் 2011 வரை ஸ்டீவ் ஜாப்ஸ், ஆப்பிள் நிறுவன தலைமை நிர்வாகியாகச் செயல்பட்டார்.


Live on Rs.32 a day or quit, NGOs taunts plan panel

Lambasting the Planning Commission for their views on the definition of the poverty line, the Right to Food, a group of NGOs, Thursday challenged the plan panel's members to survive on Rs.32 a day or resign.

In an affidavit to the Supreme Court last week, the commission had held that those spending in excess of Rs. 32 a day in urban areas or Rs. 26 a day in villages were not below the poverty line.

In a strongly worded letter to the Planning Commission Deputy Chairman Montek Singh Ahluwalia, the NGOs said: 'You (Ahluwalia) need to reflect more on the fact that during your stewardship of the Planning Commission, India has fallen further behind neighboring and poorer (in per capita income) Bangladesh, in terms of most of the human development indicators.'

'If Rs.26 for rural areas and Rs.32 for urban areas per capita expenditure was 'adequate', then it is not clear to us that why Planning Commission members are paid up to one hundred and fifteen times the amount,' added the letter.

Questioning the expertise of the Planning Commission, the campaign further said that it needed a 'reality check' and needed to spend more time in slums and villages.

'It seems to require a reality check; perhaps spending more time in the villages and slums of this country would have achieved that,' said the letter.



அரக்கோணம் அருகே நின்று கொண்டிருந்த ரயில் மீது பயணிகள் ரயில் மோதி விபத்து : 10 பேர் பலி

  • ஓட்டுனரின் கவனக்குறைவே அரக்கோணம் ரயில் விபத்திற்கு காரணம்: 10 பேர் பலி: பலர் காயம்

    ஓட்டுனரின் கவனக்குறைவே அரக்கோணம் ரயில் விபத்திற்கு காரணம்: 10 பேர் பலி: பலர் காயம்

சென்னை: அரக்கோணம் அருகே, சிக்னலுக்காக நின்றுக் கொண்டிருந்த ரயில் மீது, மற்றொரு ரயில் பயங்கரமாக மோதி விபத்துக்குள்ளானதில் பத்து பேர் பலியானார்கள். அரக்கோணத்திலிருந்து, நேற்று இரவு, காட்பாடி சென்ற பயணிகள் ரயில், சித்தேரி அருகே, சிக்னலுக்காக நின்று கொண்டிருந்தது. அப்போது, சென்னை, கடற்கரையிலிருந்து வேலூர் சென்ற புறநகர் மின்சார விரைவு ரயில், நின்று கொண்டிருந்த ரயில் மீது பயங்கரமாக மோதியது. இந்த விபத்தில், ஐந்து ரயில் பெட்டிகள் தடம்புரண்டன. மூன்று பெட்டிகள் பலத்த சேதமடைந்தன. இதில், நின்று கொண்டிருந்த ரயிலின் கார்டும், மோதிய ரயிலின் டிரைவர் உட்பட 15 க்கும் மேற்பட்டோர் பலியானதாக அஞ்சப்படுகிறது. மேலும், 200க்கும் மேற்பட்டோர் படுகாயமடைந்தனர். காயமடைந்தவர்கள், அருகில் உள்ள மருத்துவமனைகளில் அனுமதிக்கப்பட்டனர்.

விபத்து நடந்த இடத்திற்கு, சென்னையிலிருந்து மீட்புக்குழுவினர் விரைந்து சென்று மீட்பு நடவடிக்கைகளில் ஈடுபட்டுள்ளனர். ரயில் விபத்தால், சென்னை சென்ட்ரலிலிருந்து இரவு 9 மணிக்கு மேல் புறப்படும் பல ரயில்கள் ஆங்காங்கே நிறுத்தப்பட்டன. மீட்புப்பணிகள் பாதிப்பு: அரக்கோணம் மற்றும் சுற்றுப்புறப்பகுதிகளில் நேற்று இரவு மழை பெய்ததால், மீட்புப்பணிகள் கடுமையாக பாதிக்கப்பட்டன. விபத்து குறித்த விவரங்களுக்கு அவசர உதவி மையம் அமைக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. மேலும், 044 25347771, 25357398 என்ற தொலைபேசி எண்களிலும் தொடர்பு கொள்ளலாம், என, தென்னக ரயில்வே தெரிவித்துள்ளது.

நிவாரணம் அறிவிப்பு : ரயில் விபத்தில் பலியானவர்களின் குடும்பத்திற்கு ரூ. 5 லட்சமும், காயமடைந்தவர்களுக்கு ரூ. 1 லட்சமும் நிவாரண உதவியாக அளிக்கப்பட உள்ளது.

இன்று அமைச்சர் வருகை : ரயில் விபத்து நடந்த சம்பவ இடத்திற்கு மத்திய ரயில்வே அமைச்சர் தினேஷ் திரிவேதி இன்று வர உள்ளார். டி்லலியில் அவர் சம்பவம் குறித்து கூறியதாவது, இந்த விபத்து, தம்மை மிகவும் பாதித்து விட்டது. விபத்திற்கான காரணம் குறித்த விசாரணைக்கு உத்தரவிடப்பட்டுள்ளது. மீட்புப்பணி நடவடிக்கைகள் தீவிரமாக நடைபெற்று வருவதாக அவர் தெரிவித்தார்.

முதற்கட்ட விசாரணை : சிக்னலை கவனிக்காமல் சென்றதால் தான் விபத்து ஏற்பட்டதாக முதல் கட்ட விசாரணையில் தெரியவந்துள்ளது.

உயிரிழந்தவர்கள்: சித்தேரி ரயில்விபத்து சம்பவத்தில் பலியனவர்களின் பெயர் விபரம் தெரியவந்துள்ளது: அவர்கள் ரகு, பரசுராம், கீழ்ஆவதம் சேட், கீழ் சண்டிகை கிரீஷ்குமார், கீழ்விராணம் கவிதா, சதீஷ்குமார், சிவலிங்கம், முனியப்பன், புலிவலம் விநாயகம் மற்றும் ரயில்வே கார்டு ரகு என அடையாளம் காணப்பட்டுள்ளது. இந்த விபத்தில் காயமடைந்த 36 பேர் சென்னை அரசு மருத்துவமனையில் சிகிச்சை பெற்று வருகின்றனர். இவர்களில் 10 பெண்கள், 26 பேர் ஆண்கள் ஆவர். தீயணைப்புப்டையினர், போலீஸ் கமாண்டோப்படையினர் மீட்புப்பணியில் ஈடுபட்டு வருகின்றனர்.

ரயில்நேரம் மாற்றியமைப்பு: அரக்கோணம் அருகே சித்தேரி ரயில் விபத்து காரணமாக முக்கிய ரயில்கள் புறப்படும் நேரம் மாற்றியமைக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. சென்னை சென்ட்ரலில் இருந்து காலை 9.30 மணிக்கு புறப்படவேண்டிய ஆமதபாத் செல்லும் நவஜீவன் எக்ஸ்பிரஸ் ரயில் மாலை 5.30க்கும், மங்களூரு செல்லும் வெஸ்ட்கோஸ்ட் ரயில் 5.30க்கும், திருவனந்தபுரம் செல்லும் ரயில் மாலை 6.05க்கும் புறப்படும் என ரயில்வே நிர்வாகம் அறிவித்துள்ளது. மேலும் பல ரயில்கள் மாற்றுப்பாதையில் திருப்பிவிடப்பட்டுள்ளன.

5விரைவு ரயில்கள் ரத்து: சித்தேரி ரயில் விபத்து சம்பவம் ‌எதிரொலியாக 5 விரைவு ரயில்கள் ரத்து செய்யப்பட்டன. சென்னை சென்டரலிருந்து புறப்படவேண்டிய 3 மூன்று விரைவு ரயில்கள் ரத்து செய்யப்பட்டன. மேலும் 2 இரண்டு விரைவு ரயில்கள் ரத்து செய்யப்பட்டுள்ளன. இதனால் பயணிகள் கடும் அவதிக்குள்ளாகினர்.


சென்னை அருகே "சேட்டிலைட் டவுன்ஷிப்': முதல்வர் அறிவிப்பு

  • சென்னை அருகே "சேட்டிலைட் டவுன்ஷிப்': முதல்வர் அறிவிப்பு
சென்னை: ""சென்னை - பெங்களூரு நெடுஞ்சாலையில் உள்ள திருமழிசை அருகில், வீட்டுவசதி வாரியத்திற்குச் சொந்தமாக உள்ள 311 ஏக்கரில், அனைத்து வசதிகளும் கொண்ட, 12 ஆயிரம் அடுக்குமாடி குடியிருப்புகளுடன், "சேட்டிலைட் டவுன்ஷிப்' அமைக்கப்படும். இத்திட்டம், 2,160 கோடி ரூபாய் செலவில் நிறைவேற்றப்படும்'' என்று, முதல்வர் ஜெயலலிதா அறிவித்துள்ளார்.

சட்டசபையில், நேற்று கேள்வி நேரம் முடிந்ததும், விதி 110ன் கீழ், முதல்வர் ஜெயலலிதா வெளியிட்ட அறிக்கை: சென்னை மாநகரம் வேகமாக விரிவடைந்து வருகிறது. சென்னையில், வீட்டு மனை மற்றும் அடுக்குமாடி குடியிருப்புகளின் விலை பெருமளவில் உயர்ந்துள்ளது. ஏழை, எளிய, நடுத்தர மக்கள் வீடு வாங்குவது கடினமானதாக உள்ளது. இந்நிலையை கருத்தில்கொண்டு, அனைத்துத் தரப்பு மக்களுக்கும் வீடுகள் கிடைக்கும் வகையில், பல்வேறு வீட்டு வசதி திட்டங்களை, தமிழக அரசு செயல்படுத்த உள்ளது.

* சென்னை - பெங்களூரு சாலையில் உள்ள திருமழிசை அருகே, வீட்டு வசதி வாரியத்திடம், 311.05 ஏக்கர் நிலம் உள்ளது. அந்த நிலத்திற்கு, முறையான சாலை அமைப்பதற்குத் தேவைப்படும் 12.87 ஏக்கர் நிலம், நில உரிமையாளர்களிடம் இருந்து பெறப்பட உள்ளது. இந்த நிலம் பெறப்பட்ட பின், வீட்டு வசதி வாரியம் சார்பில், 2,160 கோடி ரூபாய் செலவில், 311.05 ஏக்கர் பரப்பளவில், செம்பரம்பாக்கம், குத்தாம்பாக்கம், பர்வதராஜபுரம், நரசிங்க புரம், வெள்ளவேடு ஆகிய கிராமங்களை உள்ளடக்கிய, "திருமழிசை துணைக்கோள் நகரம்' அமைக்கப்படும்.

* இந்த டவுன்ஷிப், குடிநீர் வசதி, கழிவு நீர் அகற்றும் வசதி, சாலைகள், மழை நீர் வடிகால், தெரு விளக்குகள், சமுதாயக் கூடம், பள்ளி, மருத்துவமனை, பஸ் நிலையம், பூங்கா, விளையாட்டுத் திடல் போன்ற அனைத்து அடிப்படை வசதிகளும் நிறைந்ததாக அமைக்கப்படும். இந்நகரத்தில், 12 ஆயிரம் அடுக்குமாடி குடியிருப்புகள் கட்டப்பட்டு, பொருளாதாரத்தில் நலிந்த பிரிவினர், குறைந்த மற்றும் நடுத்தர வருவாய் பிரிவினர் எளிதில் வாங்கக்கூடிய விலையில் வழங்கப்படும்.

* சென்னை அசோக் பில்லர் அருகில், வீட்டு வசதி வாரியத்திற்குச் சொந்தமான 3.73 ஏக்கர் நிலப்பரப்பில், வாரியத்திற்குத் தேவையான மர உற்பத்தி தொழிற்சாலை அமைக்கப்பட்டு, பின்னாளில் அது பயன்பாடின்றிப் போனதால், 15 ஆண்டுகளாக எவ்விதப் பயன்பாட்டிற்கும் உட்படாமல் இருந்து வருகிறது. இந்த காலியிடத்தில், 100 கோடி ரூபாய் செலவில், 554 குடியிருப்புகள் கொண்ட பன்னடுக்கு அடுக்குமாடி குடியிருப்புகள் கட்டப்படும்.

* கோயம்பேடு தெற்காசிய விளையாட்டு கூட்டமைப்பு கிராமத்தில், 5.6 ஏக்கர் காலி நிலம், வீட்டு வசதி வாரியத்திடம் உள்ளது. இந்நிலம், கோயம்பேடு பஸ் நிலையத்தை ஒட்டியும், உள் வட்டச் சாலை முகப்பிலும் உள்ளது. இதில், வாரியத்தின் சார்பில் 116 கோடி ரூபாய் மதிப்பீட்டில், 4.66 லட்சம் சதுர அடி பரப்பளவில், பன்னடுக்கு வணிக வளாகம் கட்டப்படும். மேலும், 33 கோடி ரூபாய் மதிப்பீட்டில், 1.44 லட்சம் சதுர அடி பரப்பளவில், 120 குடியிருப்புகளும் கட்டப்படும்.

* சென்னை நந்தனத்தில், வீட்டு வசதி வாரியத்திற்குச் சொந்தமாக நிலம் உள்ளது. இதில், 100 கோடி ரூபாய் செலவில், பசுமைத் திட்ட அம்சங்களுடன் 2 லட்சம் சதுர அடி பரப்பளவில், 17 மாடிகள் கொண்ட அலுவலக வளாகம் கட்டப்படும். இந்தக் கட்டடத்தை வாடகைக்கு விடுவதன் மூலம் கிடைக்கும் வருவாயைக் கொண்டு, குடிசை மாற்று வாரியத்தால் கட்டப்பட்ட குடியிருப்புகளில், பராமரிப்புப் பணிகள் மேற்கொள்ளப்படும். இவ்வாறு, முதல்வர் ஜெயலலிதா அறிவித்தார்.

மாற்றுத் திறனாளிகளுக்கான ஒதுக்கீடு 3 சதவீதமாக உயர்வு: முதல்வர் பேசும்போது குறிப்பிட்டதாவது: இந்த ஆண்டு, வீட்டு வசதி வாரியத்தின் பொன்விழா ஆண்டாகும். இதையொட்டி, வீட்டு வசதி வாரியத் திட்டங்களின் மனை, வீடு, அடுக்குமாடி குடியிருப்பு ஆகியவற்றுக்கான ஒதுக்கீட்டில், மாற்றுத் திறனாளிகளுக்கு வழங்கப்படும் ஒரு சதவீத இட ஒதுக்கீட்டை, மூன்று சதவீதமாக உயர்த்தி வழங்க, தமிழக அரசு முடிவு செய்துள்ளது. இவ்வாறு, முதல்வர் தெரிவித்தார். முதல்வரின் அறிவிப்பை, சட்டசபை கட்சித் தலைவர்கள் அனைவரும் வரவேற்றுப் பேசினர். காங்கிரஸ் உறுப்பினர் பிரின்ஸ், பா.ம.க., உறுப்பினர் கலையரசன் ஆகியோரும், முதல்வரின் அறிவிப்பை வரவேற்று, நன்றி தெரிவித்தனர்.


ஓணம் வந்நல்லோ... ஓணம் வந்நல்லோ...: இன்று ஓணம் பண்டிகை

ஓணம் வந்நல்லோ... ஓணம் வந்நல்லோ...: இன்று ஓணம் பண்டிகை
  • ஓணம் வந்நல்லோ... ஓணம் வந்நல்லோ...: இன்று ஓணம் பண்டிகை

கேரள மக்களால் சாதி, மத வேறுபாடின்றி கொண்டாடப்படும் பண்டிகை ஓணம். இதை கேரளாவின் "அறுவடைத் திருநாள்' என்றும் அழைப்பர். மலையாள ஆண்டின் சிங்கம் மாதத்தில் ஹஸ்த்தம் நட்சத்திரத்தில் துவங்கி, திருவோணம் நட்சத்திரம் வரை இருக்கும் 10 நாட்கள் ஓணமாக கொண்டாடப்படுகிறது. இதை "கேரளாவின் பொங்கல்' என்றும் கூறலாம்.

10 நாள் திருவிழா: பத்து நாட்கள் நடைபெறும் திருவிழாவில், ஒவ்வொரு நாளுக்கும் தனித்தனி பெயர் கொடுத்து கொண்டாடுகிறார்கள். ஓணம் பண்டிகையின் முதல் நாள் அத்தம் , இரண்டாம் நாள் சித்திர், மூன்றாம் நாள் சுவாதி என்றும் அழைக்கப்படும். அன்று மக்கள் ஒருவருக்கொருவர் பரிசுகள் அளித்து மகிழ்ச்சியை பகிர்ந்து கொள்வர். நான்காம் நாளான விசாகத்தில், ஒன்பது சுவைகளில் உணவு தயார் செய்யப்படுகிறது. குறைந்த பட்சம் 64 வகையான உணவு வகை இந்த பட்டியலில் இடம் பெற்றிருக்கும். ஐந்தாம் நாள் அனுஷம் எனப்படும். அன்று, கேரளாவின் பாரம்பரியமான படகுப்போட்டி நடத்தப்படுகிறது. இதன் சிறப்பம்சம் என்னவென்றால், இந்த போட்டியில் பங்கு பெறுவோர் வஞ்சிப்பாட்டு என்ற பாடலை பாடிக்கொண்டு படகை செலுத்துவர். ஆறாம் நாள் திருகேட்டை , ஏழாம், எட்டாம் மற்றும் ஒன்பதாம் நாட்கள் முறையே மூலம், பூராடம், உத்திராடம் என்று அழைக்கப்படும். பத்தாம் நாள் திருவோணம் என்ற கொண்டாட்டத்துடன் முடிகிறது.

மன்னனுக்கான கொண்டாட்டம்: மஹாபலி என்ற மன்னர் கேரளத்தை சிறப்போடு ஆண்டு வந்தார். தானம், தருமங்கள் செய்வதில் சிறந்து விளங்கிய இந்த மன்னனை நினைவு கூர்ந்து, மீண்டும் வரவேற்கும் வகையில் இந்த திருவிழா ஆண்டு தோறும் கொண்டாடப்படுகிறது. ஓணம் பண்டிகையின் சிறப்பம்சம் வீட்டின் வாசலில் போடப்படும் பூக்கோலம். ஒவ்வொரு குடும்பத்தில் உள்ள ஆண்பிள்ளைகள் அத்தப்பூ என்ற பூவை பறித்துக் கொண்டு வருவர். பூக்கோலத்தில் அதை தான் முதலில் வைக்க வேண்டும் என்பது ஐதீகம். அதன் பின், தினமும் வெவ்வேறு பூக்களுடன் கோலத்தை அழகுபடுத்துவர். பத்தாம் நாள், பூக்கோலத்தின் அளவு பெரிதாக இருக்கும்.

சிறப்பு உணவுகள்: கேரள உணவுகள் என்றதுமே, புட்டு, கிழங்கு, பயறு என்பவை நினைவுக்கு வரும். ஓணம் பண்டிகையை முன்னிட்டு சிறப்பு உணவுகள் தயார் செய்யப்படும். புது அரிசி மாவில் தயார் செய்யப்பட்ட அடை, அவியல், அடை பிரதமன், பால் பாயாசம், எரிசேரி, மிளகாய் அவியல், பரங்கிக்காய் குழம்பு என உணவுகள் தயார் செய்யப்பட்டு கடவுளுக்கு படைக்கப்படும்.

விளையாட்டுகள்: ஓணம் பண்டிகையை முன்னிட்டு, அத்தப்பூக்கோலம், கயிறு இழுத்தல், களறி, படகுப்போட்டிகள், பாரம்பரிய நடனப் போட்டிகள் என 10 நாட்களும் பல விளையாட்டுப் போட்டிகள் நடைபெறும்.


Putting scam money to good use

As India immerses itself into removing corruption, it's important to understand what the past scams cost us. But talking in mere amounts isn't fruitful. After all, does 55,000 crore rupees sound bad? How much worse is it than a mere 50,000 crores? (Answer: 1,000 kilometers of highway worse, or the stretch from Bangalore to Mumbai)

The biggest scam that unfortunately doesn't get classified as one is that food enough to feed 100 million people rots in government warehouses.  For the rest, we have for you an infographic that puts the amounts in context, how much we could have done. For past scams we have adjusted the amount for inflation to reflect an equivalent in 2011 — the Rs. 5,000 crore Harshad Mehta Scam for instance is worth Rs. 15,000 cr. today.

Here's all that we could have done with the money lost to some of the biggest scams in India.


Student drowns after campus gang chases him into river

CHENNAI: In a horrifying incident of campus violence, a student of an arts college in Chennai was chased into the Adyar river, pelted with stones as he tried to get back to the riverbank, and left to drown by a group of fellow students. His body was recovered from the Adyar on Tuesday. Classmates said the gang chased 21-year-old K Thanikaivel into the river, and as he tried to save himself, hurled stones at him. The police have registered a case of "suspicious death" and made no arrests so far.

Thanikaivel`s classmates, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said he was chased by a group from the Nandanam Arts College on Monday afternoon after a quarrel over an anti-corruption protest in which he refused to participate. "Some 20 students chased him. He ran towards the back of the college. The gang returned half-an-hour later, but Thanikaivel didn`t," said a student.

When he failed to turn up until Monday evening, his friends informed the family and they lodged a complaint at Saidapet police station. Thanikaivel studied economics and lived on New Avadi Road here. Acting on Thanikaivel`s father Kannappan`s complaint, Saidapet police searched for the missing student. On Tuesday morning, they found his body in the river.

The body was sent to Government hospital in Royapettah for postmortem. "We will get the autopsy report on Wednesday. We are waiting for the doctor`s report to continue our investigation," said Adyar deputy commissioner of police K A Senthilvelan. Police said there were no external injuries on the body.

"Thanikaivel and his friends refused to take part in the protest," said N Prakash, a college student. In the last one year, there have been four incidents of campus violence in the college in which students were seriously injured.

The two groups of students quarreled inside the college on Monday. "One group overpowered the other. They then targeted Thanikaivel as he was the leader, and chased him into the river," said Prakash, quoting eyewitnesses. "They said Thanikaivel jumped into the river to escape beating. But the students followed him and pelted stones at him. When Thanikaivel fainted, the students returned to the college leaving him in the river," said Prakash.

Saidapet police have registered a case under section 174 (suspicious death) of the Code of Criminal Procedure. Kannappan, who is a retired head constable, has lodged a complaint with the Saidapet police demanding a probe.

Lokpal Bill: How the government lost the PR war


"We for sure need a Lokpal Bill because it will bring in a clean government. Anna Hazare should be worshipped for what he is doing," Sonu, a barber, told me earlier this week.

Not just Sonu, but many I chatted with believe the Lokpal can be a solution to all their problems, from water supply to ration cards to gas connections.

So what do we understand from the Sonus of this world?

A) Many supporting Anna Hazare's movement don't have the slightest clue about the specifics of the bill. They think the Lokpal is a magic cure for all the ills in the country.

B) Team Anna (led by Arvind Kejriwal) has captured the imagination of everyone tired of the bureaucratic and political corruption in this country. Their call to fight 'corruption' with a 'fast' is working wonderfully in mobilising people.

What is being forgotten in all this is that the team is offering a simplistic solution to a complex problem. Team Anna is offering a quick fix to corruption via the Jan Lokpal Bill.

Khristina, a journalist, says when people see something good happening, they instantly want to become a part of it.

"Even when there's an illusion of something good, we would want to be a part of it. I guess this happens because all of us want to be a part of the 'greater good'; to say 'I was there'. Of course, there could also be a 'herd mentality' at work. In fact, many may not fully understand Anna's 'Fight Against Corruption' and its implications, but the knowledge that it may result in something good is causing this frenzy," she explains.

This is where Team Anna have got their strategy right: they are fighting for the good and the betterment of the nation. A vast majority feel they should be behind Anna Hazare and support the movement. On the other hand, the government has failed to explain its stand to the nation. Its communication strategy, if it has one at all, has failed miserably.

Jharna, a cricket journalist, says: "I feel Anna and his supporters are trying to rouse public sentiment against established evils like corruption, but the resulting wave will do very little towards actually getting rid of bribery in daily life. The leaders are merely encouraging blind faith and putting themselves on pedestals to be worshipped the same way modern-day politicians do."

How the UPA lost the plot

How has such a mass movement built up over the last couple of months? The UPA has much to answer for. Instead of trying to bring to book people behind its mega-scams, it was busy cementing its coalition and running down activists behind the Lokpal movement.

From maligning protesters to spreading rumours, the government has tried several dirty tricks. What it hasn't done is to tell the misinformed masses what the Jan Lokpal bill is all about and how it can't solve all the nation's problems.

The government isn't speaking lucidly about how our country already has independent agencies such as the Central Vigilance Commission, the Comptroller and Auditor General's office, the Election Commission, and the Central Bureau of Investigation to fight corruption. A Lokpal would only add to the long list of investigating bodies in the country.

Instead of explaining why it is against Team Anna's version of the Lokpal, it goes about arresting Anna and creating a huge sympathy wave for protesters, bringing back memories of the Emergency era.

Anna's arrest catalysed common citizens. It made them take to the streets as they saw the government's action as undemocratic, an obstruction of their rights. The Congress has spoken in many voices, confounding the issue further. From a minister calling Anna Hazare mad to Abhishek Manu Singhvi announcing the government is open to discussing 80 per cent of the bill, the UPA has made a farce of the issue.

Manu Singhvi's statement shows that the government was ready to extend an olive branch only when things seemed to be going out of control. The government has blamed Lokpal activists of compromising India's security and integrity, when there was no vandalism, and even a basic law-and-order problem was not in evidence. Some Congressmen were so foolish as to draw a parallel between the recent London riots, comparing anti-corruption protesters to hooligans.

These are the mistakes that have fuelled the public sentiment against the government. Kapil Sibal says Anna is undemocratic. Manmohan Singh says his government is taking the strictest possible action against the corrupt, but everyone knows how he had no role in nailing those guilty in the 2G and the Commonwealth Games scam. It was only after our apex court intervened that arrests were made.

This is proof enough that the government is not serious about curbing corruption. As a believer in our democracy, I feel we have enough institutions that can corrupt the corrupt. I don't feel the need for a new Lokpal, but if the government continues functioning the way it has been, the day won't be far when widespread rage grips the nation, leaving us in anarchy.

“A Few Good Men” of Team Anna

“A Few Good Men” of Team Anna
Anna Hazare is a 74-year-old gentleman but his enthusiasm, zeal and energy can put the youth in their 20s to shame.

His crusade against corruption has brought out the entire country [except the "cyskics" (cynics, skeptics and critics all rolled into one)] on the streets. While Anna Hazare remains the man of the moment, there's an entire dedicated team which works with him and whose members' full-time profession is activism. Then there are also dedicated people who remain behind the scenes and take care of the social media campaigning, technical stuff, logistics etc.

Let's take a look at the front-bench members of the Jan Lokpal movement:

“A Few Good Men” of Team Anna

Arvind Kejriwal

Recipient of the prestigious awarded Ramon Magsaysay Award for Emergent Leadership in 2006, Kejriwal has emerged as a true “youth icon” during the last few months. He was born in Hissar, Haryana in 1968, and graduated from IIT Kharagpur as a Mechanical engineer in 1989. Arvind Kejriwal was always concerned about corruption and the passivity of the people. After quitting his job with the Tata Steel, he took time off to work with the Missionaries of Charity and the Ramakrishna Mission in eastern and northeastern India. He was also instrumental in spreading awareness about the passing of the Right to Information (RTI) act.

In the ongoing movement for Jan Lokpal, Arvind is considered a key figure along with Anna Hazare. People who work with him sings songs in the praise of his intelligence, which, they say, is “razor-sharp”.

Awards and Honours:

2004: Ashoka Fellow, Civic Engagement.

2005: 'Satyendra Dubey Memorial Award', IIT Kanpur for his campaign for bringing transparency in Government.

2006: Ramon Magsaysay Award for Emergent Leadership.

2006: CNN-IBN, 'Indian of the Year' in Public Service.

2009: Distinguished Alumnus Award, IIT Kharagpur for Emergent Leadership.

2010: Policy Change Agent of the Year, Economic Times Corporate Excellence Award along with Aruna Roy.

“A Few Good Men” of Team Anna

Kiran Bedi

First Indian IPS officer, Kiran Bedi has always been known as a woman of substance and will power. A close associate of Anna, she has played an active role in the entire Jan Lokpal movement. She began her career as a Lecturer in Political Science (1970-72) at Khalsa College for Women, Amritsar. In July 1972, she joined the Indian Police Service. While in the police, she carried out several reforms. She also served as Director General of India's Bureau of Police Research and Development.

In 2007, she took voluntary retirement to undertake newer tasks in life. After retirement, Kiran Bedi launched a new website, www.saferindia.com which aimed at helping people whose complaints were not accepted by the local police. This project is undertaken by the non-profit, voluntary and non-government organization she founded, the India Vision Foundation. Kiran is a Ph.D. in Social Sciences from the Department of Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi.

Awards and Honours:

“A Few Good Men” of Team Anna
“A Few Good Men” of Team Anna

Prashant Bhushan

Based in Noida, Prashant Bhushan (born 1956) is an Indian lawyer and social activist. He is the son of eminent lawyer Shanti Bhushan. In his career spanning 15 years he has worked on around 500 PILs (Public interest Litigation). He has been a rigorous campaigner of judicial reforms. He is a member of the committee constituted in April 2011 for the Jan Lokpal bill. He is said to be a man of steel who doesn't thinks twice before exposing the wrongdoings in the courts.

Bhushan was the member of the committee which drafted the Jan Lokpal Bill. He has been sharply critical of the government's version of the Lokpal calling it “ineffective” and “useless”.

Shanti Bhushan

“A Few Good Men” of Team Anna

Not many would know that the Lokpal Bill was the brainchild of Shanti Bhushan who conceived it while being the law minister in the Morarji Desai government in 1977. Bhushan was an active member of the Congress (O) party (different from the Indian National Congress) and later the Janata Party. He was a member of the Rajya Sabha from 14 July 1977 to 2 April 1980 and the Union Law minister in the Morarji Desai ministry from 1977 to 1979. He joined the Bhartiya Janata Party in 1980. In 1986, he resigned from BJP after the party acted against his advice over an election petition.

Along with his son, he has been actively involved in bringing judicial reforms. He fought (for his client) many legal cases against Indira Gandhi. Shanti Bhushan is the co-chairman of the of the joint committee constituted in April 2011 for the Jan Lokpal Bill.

Swami Agnivesh

“A Few Good Men” of Team Anna

Agnivesh is an Indian politician, self-titled Arya Samaj scholar, and social activist. He is best known for his work against bonded labour through the Bonded Labour Liberation Front, which he founded in 1981.In the late 60s, he joined the Arya Samaj and took “Sanyas” vows. In 2005, Agnivesh was part of a two week campaign against female foeticide that travelled across India. Agnivesh also argued at a conference on economic development and religion sponsored by the World Bank that people should be allowed full freedom of movement across borders through the elimination of all passports and immigration laws.

Swami Agnivesh has been closely associated with the Jan Lokpal movement and is often seen campaigning strongly for it. 


From the Desk of Chairman, CBDT                                                                                    S. N. 39/April 28, 2011


Salient points of CBDT’s cadre-restructuring proposal

            S No.



Grade/Pay Scale





Principal CC/

Director General

Apex Scale Rs. 80,000








Rs. 75,500-80,000





Sr. CIT /Sr. DIT/

ADG/ équivalent











Gr. pay Rs. 10,000





Addl. CIT/ Addl. DIT/



Grade pay Rs. 8700





Jt. CIT/ Jt. DIT/ equivalent

(JAG) PB-3

Gr. pay Rs.7600






Dy. CIT/ Dy. DIT/equivalent

(STS) PB-3

Gr. pay Rs. 6600






Asst. CIT/

Asst. DIT/



Grade pay Rs. 5400







Grade pay Rs. 5400







PB-2, GP Rs. 5400 & Rs. 4800






Sr. PS


PB-3, GPRs.6600

PB-3, GP Rs.5400

PB-2, GP Rs.4800

PB-2, GP Rs.4200











 Sub. Total




Pr. AO

Sr. AO



PB-3, GP Rs.6600

PB-3, GP Rs.5400

PB-2, GP Rs.4800

PB-2, GP Rs.4200











Sub. Total





PB-2, GP Rs.4200




Ex Asstt.(SrTA, OS/ Steno I & II/ DEO)

PB-2, GP Rs.4200




TA/ Steno III

PB-2, GP Rs.2400




Notice Server

PB-2, GP Rs.1900




Group C (Upgraded from Group D)

PB-2, GP Rs.1800




Reserves (B & C)

PB-2, GP Rs.1800




The proposal is being pursued by the Chairman personally.

Restructuring of the EDP and OL cadres will follow soon.








''Rural households paid over Rs 470cr bribe for basic services''

New Delhi, Apr 29 (PTI) Ranging from Re one to Rs 950, rural households in the

country could have paid a whopping Rs 471.8 crore last year as bribe to avail

basic facilities such as ration, health, education and water supply, says a study.

The ''India Corruption Study: 2010'' report prepared by Centre for Media Studies

(CMS), a survey of 9,960 households in 12 states, says on an average a rural

household could have paid Rs 164 as bribe for availing these facilities in a year.

The study said the total amount of Rs 471.8 crore is "equal or less" than the total

expenditure made under MNREGA during 2010-11 in states like Assam, Gujarat,

Kerala, Himachal Pradesh and Maharashtra.

"The estimation of bribe amount paid by the rural households brings out an

amount of Rs 471.8 crore...The percentage of rural households that paid bribe

during the last year was relatively higher in PDS (11.5

per cent), followed by hospitals (9), schools (5.8), water (4.3)," the study said.

It claimed that the socio-economically weaker sections were most affected by

corrupt practices in public services.

More than 40 per cent of rural households belonging to OBC and SCs felt that

the level of corruption has increased in public services during the last one year

while 28 per cent each opined that the level of corruption has remained the

same, it said.

An analysis by income level indicated that three out of four rural households

which had to pay bribe in any of the public services have monthly household

income of Rs 5,000 or less, indicating the high dependence of the economically

poor households on these public services.

"As reported by rural households, they had to pay even Rs one-two to get a

family member examined as an out-patient, mostly to get the registration or

OPD card and as high as Rs 900 to avail diagnostic services such as X-ray, blood

or urine tests at a public health facility," the study said.

A rural household had to pay Rs five as bribe to get an application form for

ration card while they had to pay as high as Rs 800 for getting a BPL card

without documents, it said, adding, for getting admission form, rural households

had to shell out Rs ten as bribe while some paid Rs 700-800 to get scholarship

or admission in schools.

"For proper water supply, the bribe paid by households for various services

ranged between Rs 15 and Rs 950. The wide gap between minimum and

maximum amount paid as bribe for the same purpose indicate that even

submission of a request requires paying bribe apart from paying bribe to get

water at the right time to irrigate the agricultural field," it said.

The study said Rs 156.8 crore might have been given as bribe in PDS while for

water supply services, rural households could have paid Rs 83.3 crore. Another

Rs 130 crore have been paid to avail hospital services.

Presidential candidates Pranab Mukherjee and P.A. Sangma. File Photos
Presidential candidates Pranab Mukherjee and P.A. Sangma.

UPA nominee Pranab Mukherjee got the overwhelming support of Parliamentarians in the President’s election securing a vote value of 3,73,116.

Mr. Mukherjee’s rival P.A. Sangma, supported by some opposition parties including BJP, managed to get a vote value of only 1,45,848 in the counting of votes which is in progress at Parliament House, official sources said.

A total of 748 MPs voted in the election on July 19. Of the total votes, Mr. Mukherjee got 527 votes while Sangma got 206.

Fifteen votes including that of SP chief Mulayam Singh Yadav were invalid.

Earlier report:

Counting of ballots began amidst tight security in Parliament House in the presence of authorised representatives of both Mr. Mukherjee and Mr. Sangma.

The ballot boxes of votes cast in Parliament House were taken up first for counting after which those from the states will be opened.

Authorised representatives inspected the seals of the ballot boxes and the counting began after ascertaining that they were not tampered with.

As many as 95 per cent of the 4,896 electors — 776 MPs and 4,120 MLAs — had exercised their franchise on Thursday at the polling centres set up in Parliament House and 30 other states and Union territories with assemblies.

All the ballot boxes from the states had reached Parliament House on Saturday and were kept in a strong room.

Mr. Mukherjee appears set to win the election comfortably with UPA managers confident that he would bag over seven lakh of vote value of the total votes polled.

The UPA constituents and its key supporting parties like SP, BSP, RJD and others had supported Mr. Mukherjee. Besides, he also got the support of opposition parties like Shiv Sena and JD(U).

Mr. Sangma is expected to garner a vote value of around three lakh.

                                GIVE IT A THOUGHT

SelectionFile type iconFile nameDescriptionSizeRevisionTimeUser