Marissa A: The topic of the debate is the bombing of Hiroshima. We will be discussing if the United States was justified in the bombing of Hiroshima Nagasaki. I believe that the United States was not justified, because we not only killed many innocent people including new born babies, pregnant woman, old men, women, and children. It was unnecessary to drop an atomic bomb because Japan was already losing. There must have been another way to prove the United states had power, than to kill innocent people. For example, we could have barricaded Tokyo, the capital of Japan. Another example is that the United States could have invaded Japan, the atomic bomb was unnecessary. The Americans decided before the bombing, that they would not bomb the Imperial Palace. The emperor was not a target of the United States, their target was to bomb civilians and create the greatest impact on Japan. The military of Japan was not functioning and was basically nonexistent. Our government was confused on whether to drop the bomb or not. Truman let people decide for him. After the bomb was dropped, Truman greatly regretted dropping the bomb on Hiroshima. The bomb "the Little Boy" dropped in Hiroshima instantly killed about 80,000 to 140,000 people. The blast wave demolished buildings and left many debris. The United States government could of ignored the fact to drop a bomb. After the bomb was dropped the president and many other people who decided to drop the bomb regretted it. I believe that you shouldn't do something if you think you will regret it later.
Chloe J: The United States was at war with Japan. Americans killed many Japanese people in their home town, without warning. Japan was about to surrender, because they knew that there was no chance they could win. By August of 1945, the Japanese Imperial Navy had ceased to exist, and could barely fight. Japan also had a blockade, people were starving, and even if Japan wanted to fight, they lacked the resources, and the ability. President Truman was the 33rd president of America. If Truman agreed to leave the emperor of Japan alone, the war would have ended before an atomic bomb was dropped. The United States did not even target the emperor, and in the end, the surrender was exactly the same as the one that was offered in the beginning. The United States was aware Japan was going to surrender, and they continued with their decision to drop an atomic bomb on Japan. The United States had no reason to condone the bombing on Japan. Truman did not even think about the after affects of the bomb. On the impact of the bomb, at least 75,000 innocent people were killed instantly, and later on many others died of radiation poisoning. Also, the United States is the only country in world history to use nuclear weapons on another country, and they refused to sign Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. Edward Teller, a Hungarian scientist who invented the atomic bomb, agreed with others that the bomb should not be dropped on Japan. He was determined to stop the dropping of the bomb, and he spoke with Truman. Another scientist agreed that the atomic bomb could light up the whole atmosphere, but the United States disregarded that, and dropped the bomb anyways. Instead of just dropping one atomic bomb, which is deadly enough, the United States also dropped another bomb on Nagasaki. President Truman was going to drop a third bomb, but then the Japanese surrendered. After the two bombings, American soldiers invaded Japanese soldiers in China. The only reason why Truman dropped the bomb was because it cost 2 billion dollars, and if he didn't use it, then politically it would look bad. Truman said it was for military purposes, but it was not. He targeted cities with a lot of civilians, and not combatants. In his diary he wrote that he didn't want the soviets to join the war so they had to quickly end it. The atomic bomb was unnecessary; there were other options. One option was to wait for Russia to invade Japan. Instead of dropping the atomic bomb, the United States did have the option to wait for Russia. Truman rushed on the decision, and didn't think twice. Targeted cities with a lot of civilians and not combatants.
Isabel L: An atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. Another bomb was later dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. Thousands of citizens died instantly when the atomic bomb impacted; thousands more passed away due to fatal injuries. However, following months of the attack, the atomic bomb's deadly effects caused more deaths due to radiation poisoning. Radiation poisoning, also known as acute radiation syndrome, results when exposed to large doses of ionizing radiation. It is caused by irradiation from x-rays or other nuclear radiation because of therapeutic treatment, accidental exposure, or a nuclear bomb explosion. Radiation poisoning affects millions of people all over the world, but the most common cases of radiation poisoning occurred during the years that followed World War II after the first atomic bomb was dropped by the United States on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. The effects of the first atomic bomb killed 65,000 people instantly in Japan, but even more were killed due to radiation poisoning. Most victims had their clothing blasted into their skin, leaving imprints in the skin, due to how large the atomic bomb was. Unfortunately, thousands of people were exposed to radiation, and did not bother going to the hospital because of having minor injuries. They did not realize they had little hope of survival and that their organs were becoming severely damaged due to radiation poisoning. The exact number of deaths of victims affected by radiation poisoning is still unknown today. However, it is estimated that over 50,000 people were affected by radiation poisoning, which lead in death. The atomic bombing of Hiroshima is the largest known case in history of radiation poisoning resulting in so many deaths. There were many victims of the Hiroshima bombing that died instantly, but there were also many victims that continued to live in pain and suffered, decades after the bombing. The attacks were a war crime against humanity, civilians were killed, not combatants. To this date, the attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki are the only attacks that used nuclear weapons. The United States killed thousands of civilians intentionally, the United States did not drop the bomb as a last effort, the United States were winning the war already. Hiroshima and Nagasaki were not of military significance. The two cities were of limited military value. Civilians outnumbered troops in the two cities 6 to 1. Due to the atomic bombs dropped on Japan, a nuclear race began between Russia and the United States.