Department of Sociology | University of Pennsylvania

Jason Schnittker is a sociology professor at the University of Pennsylvania.  His research interests are in the social, cultural, biological, and institutional determinants of health.  His current research is concerned with the effects of incarceration on the health of individuals, families, and communities, funded in part by a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Investigator Award in Health Policy, described here (in collaboration with Chris Uggen of the University of Minnesota).  He is also interested in gene-environment relationships as they relate to health and well-being.  He has a long-standing interest in public beliefs about mental health and illness, especially regarding how the public thinks about the causes of mental illness.

For a current version of his vita, look here.

Below is a list of research articles, many of which are published already and some of which are forthcoming and not yet in the public domain.  For copies, send an e-mail.  Also send an e-mail for inquiries regarding current research, including working papers based on current projects, which might not be listed here.  

Schnittker, Jason, Jeremy Freese, and Brian Powell. 2000.  “Nature, Nurture, Neither, Nor?: Black-White Differences in Beliefs about the Causes and Appropriate Treatment of Mental Illness.”  Social Forces 78:1101-32.
Schnittker, Jason.  2000. “Gender and Reactions to Psychological Problems:  An Examination of Social Tolerance and Perceived Dangerousness.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 41:224-40.
Schnittker, Jason. 2001. “When is Faith Enough?:  The Effects of Religious Involvement on Depression.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 40:393-411.
Schnittker, Jason. 2002. “Acculturation in Context:  The Self-Esteem of Chinese Immigrants.” Social Psychology Quarterly 65:56-76.
Croghan, Thomas W., Molly Tomlin, Bernice A. Pescosolido, Jason Schnittker, Jack Martin, Keri Lubell, and Ralph Swindle. 2003. “American Attitudes Toward and Willingness to Use Psychiatric Medications” Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 191:166-74.
Schnittker, Jason.  2003. “Misgivings of Medicine?:  African Americans’ Skepticism of Psychiatric Medication.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 44:506-524.
Schnittker, Jason, Jeremy Freese, and Brian Powell. 2003. “Who are Feminists and What Do They Believe?:  The Role of Generations.” American Sociological Review 68:607-22.
Schnittker, Jason.  2004.  “Social Distance in the Clinical Encounter:  Interactional and Sociodemographic Foundations for Mistrust in Physicians” Social Psychology Quarterly 67:217-235.
Schnittker, Jason.  2004.  “Education and the Changing Shape of the Income Gradient in Health.”  Journal of Health and Social Behavior 45:286-305.
Schnittker, Jason. 2004. “Psychological Factors as Mechanisms for Socioeconomic Disparities in Health:  A Critical Appraisal of Four Common Factors” Social Biology 51:1-23
Schnittker, Jason.  2005.  “Chronic Illness and Depressive Symptoms in Late Life.” Social Science & Medicine 60:13-23.
Schnittker, Jason, Bernice A. Pescosolido, and Thomas W. Croghan.  2005. “Are African Americans Really Less Willing to Use Health Care?” Social Problems 52:255-271
Schnittker, Jason. 2005. “Cognitive Abilities and Health:  Is there a Relationship?  Is it Growing?  Does it Explain Disparities?” Social Science Research 34:821-42
Schnittker, Jason and Jane D. McLeod. 2005. “The Social Psychology of Health Disparities” Annual Review of Sociology 31:75-103
Schnittker, Jason. 2005. “When Mental Health Becomes Health:  Age and the Shifting Meaning of Self-Rated Health.” The Milbank Quarterly 83:397-423
Schnittker, Jason and Ke Liang. 2006. “The Promise and Limits of Racial/Ethnic Concordance in Doctor-Patient Interaction. Journal of Health Politics, Policy, and Law 31:811-838
Schnittker, Jason. 2007. “Working More and Feeling Better:  Women’s Health, Employment, and Family Life 1974 – 2004.” American Sociological Review 72:221-238
Schnittker, Jason and Andrea John. 2007. “Enduring Stigma:  The Long-Term Effects of Incarceration on Health.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 48:115-130
Schnittker, Jason. 2007. “Look (Closely) at All the Lonely People:  Age and the Social Psychology of Social Support.” Journal of Aging and Health 19: 659-682
Schnittker, Jason. 2008. “Happiness and Success:  Genes, Families, and the Correlates of Well-Being” American Journal of Sociology 114: S233-S259
Schnittker, Jason. 2008. “Diagnosing Our National Disease:  Trends in Income and Happiness, 1973 to 2004” Social Psychology Quarterly 71:257-280

Schnittker, Jason and Mehul Bhatt. 2008. “Treatment Process Inequalities in the US and UK.” International Journal of Health Services 38:671-695
Schnittker, Jason. 2008. “An Uncertain Revolution:  Why the Rise of a Genetic Model of Mental Illness Has Not Increased Tolerance” Social Science and Medicine 67:1370-1381
Massoglia, Michael and Jason Schnittker. 2009. “No Real Release: The Health Effects of Incarceration” Contexts Winter:38-42

Schnittker, Jason.  2009. “The Double Helix and the Double-Edged Sword:  How the Public Thinks About Genes” Virtual Mentor:  American Medical Association Journal of Ethics 11:155-160
Schnittker, Jason.  2009. "The Mirage of Health in the Era of Biomedicalization:  Evaluating Change in the Threshold of Illness, 1972 to 1996" Social Forces 87:2155-2182
Massoglia Michael and Jason Schnittker . 2009. "Improving the Health of Current and Former Inmates: What Matters Most?" In Natasha A. Frost, Joshua D. Freilich, and Todd R. Clear (Eds.), Contemporary Issues in Criminal Justice Policy: Policy Proposals from the American Society of Criminology Conference. Belmont, CA: Cengage/Wadsworth.
Schnittker, Jason.  2010. “Methuselah’s Medicine?  Pharmaceutical Innovation and Mortality, 1960 – 2000” Social Science and Medicine 70:961-968 (with commentary and debate)
Schnittker, Jason. 2010. “Gene-Environment Correlations in the Stress-Depression Relationship” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 51:229-243
Schnittker, Jason, Michael Massoglia, and Christopher Uggen. 2011. “Incarceration and the Health of the African American Community.” DuBois Review 8:133-141

Schnittker, Jason and Jere R. Behrman. 2012. “Learning to Do Well or Learning to Do Good?: Estimating the Effects of Schooling on Civic Engagement, Social Cohesion, and Labor Market Outcomes in the Presence of Endowments” Social Science Research 41:306-320

Kohler, Hans-Peter, Jere R. Behrman and Jason Schnittker.  2011. "Social Science Methods for Twins Data:  Integrating Causality, Endowments, and Heritability.” Biodemography and Social Biology 57:88-141

Wildeman, Christopher, Jason Schnittker, and Kristin Turney. 2012. “Despair by Association? The Mental Health of Mothers with Children by Recently Incarcerated Fathers” American Sociological Review 77:216-243

Schnittker, Jason. 2012. “The Proximity of Common Unhappiness and Misery.” Society and Mental Health

Schnittker, Jason, Michael Massoglia, and Christopher Uggen. 2012. “Out and Down:  Incarceration and Psychiatric Disorders.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 53:448-464

Turney, Kristin, Christopher Wildeman, and Jason Schnittker. 2012. “As Fathers and Felons: Explaining the Immediate and Enduring Effects of Incarceration on Major Depression.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior 53:465-481

Schnittker, Jason. 2013. “Public Beliefs about Mental Health and Illness.” Pp.75-93 Handbook of the Sociology of Mental Health,
Second Edition, edited by Carol S. Aneshensel, Jo C. Phelan, and Alex Bierman. New York:  Springer.

Schnittker, Jason. 2013. “Social Structure and Personality.” Handbook of Social Psychology, edited by John DeLamater and Amanda Ward.  New York:  Springer. 

Schnittker, Jason. 2013.  “Race and Psychiatry.”  The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Health, Illness, Behavior, and Society, edited by William C. Cockerham, Robert Dingwall, and Stella Quah.  Hoboken, NJ:  Wiley-Blackwell.  

Turney, Kristin, Jason Schnittker, and Christopher Wildeman.  2012. “Those They Leave Behind: Paternal Incarceration and Maternal Instrumental Support.” Journal of Marriage and the Family 74:1149-1165

Schnittker, Jason and Valerio Bacak. 2013. “A Mark of Shame or a Badge of Honor:  Subjective Status among Former Inmates.”  Social Problems 60:234-254

Schnittker, Jason. 2013. “The Challenges of Social Genomics.” Invited contribution, Changing Social Processes and Social Contexts in an Aging Society, edited by Linda Waite.  National Research Council, National Academy of Sciences.  Washington, DC.

Schnittker, Jason. 2015. “Gene-Environment Interactions.” International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier, James Wright editor.

Wildeman, Christopher, Kristin Turney, and Jason Schnittker.  2013. “The Hedonic Consequences of Punishment Revisited.” Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 104:133-164

Schnittker, Jason. 2013. “The Psychological Costs of Incarceration.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 651:122-138

Schnittker, Jason and Valerio Bacak. 2014. “The Increasing Predictive Validity of Self-Rated Health.”  PLoS One (

Massoglia, Michael, Paul-Philippe Pare, Jason Schnittker, and Alain Gagnon. 2014. "The Relationship between Incarceration and Premature Adult Mortality: Gender Specific Evidence."  Social Science Research 46:142-154.  

Schnittker, Jason. 2015. “The Politics of Health Beliefs:  Cross-National EvidenceResearch in the Sociology of Health Care

Schnittker, Jason. 2015. “Natural Symptoms? The Intersection of Social, Biological, and Genetic Determinants of Depression in Later Life.Advances in Medical Sociology

Aronowitz, Robert, Andrew Deener, Danya Keene, Jason Schnittker, Laura Tach. 2015. “‘Misrecognition’ and Cultural Relativity in Health Research and Practice.” American Journal of Public Health 105:S403-S408

Schnittker, Jason and Michael Massoglia. 2015. “A Sociocognitive Approach to Studying the Effects of Incarceration.”  Wisconsin Law Review 2:349-374.

Schnittker, Jason, Christopher Uggen, and Sarah Shannon. “The Institutional Effects of Incarceration:  Spillovers from Criminal Justice to Health Care.  Milbank Quarterly