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Graphs, Charts, and Tables

General Phrases used to indicate what is being written about:

Red text indicates negation (NOT)

-According to the [graph, chart, etc.]...

-As we can see from the [graph, chart, etc.]...

-As can be seen from the [graph, chart, etc.]

-As the [graph, chart, etc.] illustrates...

-The [graph, chart, etc.] presents data showing...


-As the [graph, chart, etc.] shows...

-The [graph, chart, etc.] does not show...

 

-As is evident from the [graph, chart, etc.]...

-It is not evident from the [graph, chart, etc.] that ...

 

-From the [graph, chart, etc.] we can conclude that...

-From the [graph, chart, etc.] we cannot conclude that...

 

-The [graph, chart, etc.] clearly shows that...

-The [graph, chart, etc.] does not clearly show that...

 

-The [graph, chart, etc.] clearly indicates that...

-The [graph, chart, etc.] does not clearly indicate that...

 

-The [graph, chart, etc.] provides strong evidence that...

-The [graph, chart, etc.] does not provide strong evidence that...

 

-The [graph, chart, etc.] provides strong support for the thesis (theory) that...

-The [graph, chart, etc.] does not provide strong support for the thesis [theory] that...

 

Green text indicates insufficient evidence

-The [graph, chart, etc.] does not indicate whether ...

-The [graph, chart, etc.] neither proves nor refutes the contention that...

-We can draw no conclusion regarding X,Y,Z from the [graph, chart, etc.].

-No conclusion regarding X,Y,Z can be drawn from the [graph, chart, etc.].

-The [graph, chart, etc.]provides inconclusive evidence regarding ...

 

Comparative phrases

Slightly larger/smaller than......................................Slightly higher/lower than

A little larger/smaller than .......................................A little higher/ lower than

Only a bit larger/smaller than...................................Only a bit higher/lower than

Significantly larger/smaller than...............................Significantly higher/lower than

Much larger/smaller than..........................................Much higher/lower than

Just slightly larger/smaller than.................................ust slightly higher/lower than

 

Correlated

中文(繁體), v. tr. - 使互相關聯, v. intr. - 互相有關係, n. - 相關聯的人, adj. - 關聯的

 

Positive Correlation

There is a strong correlation between the number of X and the number of Y.

The number of X and the number of Y are highly correlated.

The number of X and the number of Y seem to be correlated.

 

Negative Correlation

There is an inverse correlation between the number of X and the number of Y.

X and Y seem to be inversely correlated.

 

No Correlation

There does not seem to be any correlation between the number X and the number Y.

There does not seem to be any causal relation between X and Y.

 

An Increase

increase .............................The price of oil keeps increasing.

go up .................................Stocks went up every year since 1990.

rise.....................................Stocks rose every year since 1990.

climb..................................The stock market keeps climbing higher and higher.


A decrease

go down...............................My stocks keep going down.

drop ...................................The stock market dropped yesterday.

 

Fast Change (up or down)

dramatic............................. Stocks went up dramatically yesterday.

sudden................................There was a sudden increase in the price of oil.

sharp..................................Stocks rose sharply yesterday.

 

Fast change (up)

skyrocket.............................The stock market skyrocketed.

jumped................................ Oil prices jumped after the bad news.

take off.................................Stocks took off after the peace treaty was signed.

soar.....................................Stocks soared after the end of the war.

 

Fast change (down)

crashed...............................The stock market crashed in 1929.

plummet............................. Stocks plummeted after war was declared.

plunge.................................The price of oil plunged after the war ended.

sank....................................The price of oil sank after the election.

tumble.................................Car sales tumbled after oil prices increased.

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