Preventing Mosquitoes and
the Diseases they Carry
If you’re breeding them…. you’re feeding them !
Mosquito Fact and Fiction
Fiction: High weeds and grass cause mosquitoes.
Fact: Mosquitoes rest in high grass, weeds, and shrubs or any thick vegetation during the heat of the day. Mosquitoes must have water to breed.
Fiction: The creek/ditch/stream running behind my house is the reason why I have a mosquito problem.
Fact: Most problems with mosquitoes are due to standing/stagnant water, not running water. Also streams/creeks/ditches often contain fish and other wildlife that eat mosquitoes.
Fiction: I have red itchy bumps…I must have a big mosquito problem.
Fact: Possibly, but other insects, dry skin, and contact with poison ivy can cause these same problems. If you don’t see mosquitoes it may not be mosquitoes.
Fiction: When it rains, the drainage ditch holds water and breeds mosquitoes.
Fact: Unless the drainage ditch holds water for 5 to 7 consecutive days, it will not breed mosquitoes.
Fiction: Bug zappers will kill all the mosquitoes.
Fact: Bug zappers actually attract more mosquitoes (and other insects) than they kill. Place the bug zapper at the back of your yard and not around the patio area where you entertain.
Fiction: My neighbor has a pool which is attracting mosquitoes.
Fact: Unless the swimming pool is not maintained (pump not running, no chlorine in pool water), it should not cause any mosquito problems.
Fiction: If I call the Health Department, they will come out and spray for mosquitoes.
Fact: Spraying is not the first line of defense against mosquitoes. It only provides a few days of relief from the mosquitoes. Standing water is the real problem! Eliminating the mosquito breeding sites in your yard is the first line of defense against the pesky mosquito.
· Mosquitoes carry an assortment of diseases including West Nile Virus and Encephalitis.
· People of all ages are susceptible to illnesses caused by mosquitoes, but especially the very young and the elderly.
· We are especially concerned with West Nile Virus. This disease caused by mosquitoes has been in this area during since 2002.
· Most infections caused by West Nile Virus are mild, and symptoms include fever, headache, and body aches, occasionally with skin rash and swollen lymph glands. More severe infection may be marked by headache, high fever, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, paralysis, and, rarely, death.
· Do your part to prevent diseases caused by mosquito bites and use the information in this pamphlet to reduce areas where mosquitoes can live and breed.
MOSQUITO LIFE CYCLE
Eggs: may be found in rafts, several eggs or individually. Eggs are laid in water, on moist soil, or frequently flooded soils, but require standing water to hatch.
Larvae: live exclusively in water. These are the “little wigglers” that are often seen in puddles, water in buckets and water in tires. This is the easiest, most productive stage to attack mosquito populations.
Pupa: live exclusively in water. Also known as “tumblers,” pupa resemble tiny cocktail shrimp. This stage is the “cocoon” stage for mosquitoes.
Adult: the only stage that does not rely on water for life and the only stage that bites. Only the female mosquitoes of some mosquitoes bite humans.
Areas around the home that provide breeding sites for mosquitoes.
For personal protection, use insect repellants that contain DEET (di-eythyl-m-toluamide).
Follow all label instructions. Read the label for the instructions for use on children.
For more information on mosquito control tips or to register a mosquito complaint call 522-6474
and ask for Mosquito Control.
Jackson County switches to
economic / eco-friendly mosquito control
July 12, 2010: The Jackson County Health Department announced today, their switch to Clarke AquaAnvil for their community wide efforts to control disease carrying and nuisance mosquitoes. AquaAnvil replaces the previous mosquito control mosquito spray which was oil based, with a new water based technology.
“This is a unique mosquito control chemical,” said Christopher Novak, Control Consultant for Clarke. "AquaAnvil replaces most of the oil in the mixture with water. The chemical droplet is protected by a water based carrier through a process called ‘colloidal suspension’. This allows the spray to be more potent and effective, and the elimination of the oil based carrier helps protect the environment.” Novak says the product also reduces container waste and provides economic advantages when compared to previous conventional methods. Paul Ramsey, Jackson County Environmental Health Director, adds that there is also less odor and less of a ‘fog’ so the new product is not only more environmentally friendly but also more people friendly.
The Jackson County Health Department will begin using AquaAnvil for it’s mosquito control efforts immediately to help control nuisance and disease carrying mosquitoes. The spraying of AquaAnvil or ‘fogging’, as most people call it takes place starting at dusk usually on Tues, Weds, or Thurs. If you see the flashing yellow lights and hear the loud buzzing sound, you know mosquito control is in your area. Mosquito activity and weather conditions are monitored daily so that spraying will be the most effective.
For more information about Clarke or AquaAnvil, visit their website at www.clarke.com