Bronfenbrenner’s Social Development

        

  Urie Bronfenbrenner, born in 1917, was a psychologist known for developing a theory which linked a child’s social and environmental setting to how the child learns and develops.  He is known for his research in child development and specifically for his Ecological Systems Theory.  In this model, a person’s social setting is categorized as four different systems.  These systems include a microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, and a macrosystem.  Later, a fifth system was added, known as the chronosystem (“Urie Bronfenbrenner,” 2008).





Source: http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/sept05/bronfenbrenner.ssl.html





Microsystem: includes, but is not limited to, a person’s friendships, family, activities, and teachers

Mesosystem: connections within the microsystem.  (student’s teacher communicating with the parents)

Exosystem: people and social settings that a person may not directly interact with (if a father gets laid off, this will affect the student)

Macrosystem: values, morals, and traditions in a culture

Chronosystem: events and transitions that occur over time (a student’s physical development throughout their life)

(“Urie Bronfenbrenner,” 2008)                                                                                                                                                                  Source: http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/sept05/bronfenbrenner.ssl.html

*The diagram below is a visual of Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory.  It shows how the systems all interact with each other.   



Source:  http://sheldon-penny.livejournal.com/290935.html


Bronfenbrenner’s theory shows educators that a student’s environment is a key factor in how they develop.  Not only do the teachers play a part of the environment, but so do friends, family, administrators, neighbors, and many more.  The video below explains the different systems in story format.


Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Theory


Source:   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eAy5rIN9fUg



References

Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Theory. (2010) Youtube. Retrieved July 15, 2011 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eAy5rIN9fUg

Science Sundays. (2009). Live Journal. Retrieved July 15, 2011, from  http://sheldon-penny.livejournal.com/290935.html

Urie Bronfenbrenner, father of Head Start program and pre-eminent 'human ecologist,' dies at age 88. (2005).  Cornell Univserity News Science. Retrieved July 15, 2011, from http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/sept05/bronfenbrenner.ssl.html






























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