Genetics - World Championship in Medical Science


Genetics is the study of genesgenetic variation, and heredity in livingorganisms.[1][2] It is generally considered a field of biology, but intersects frequently with many other life sciences and is strongly linked with the study ofinformation systems.


The discoverer of genetics is Gregor Mendel, a late 19th-century scientist andAugustinian friar. Mendel studied "trait inheritance", patterns in the way traits are handed down from parents to offspring. He observed that organisms (pea plants) inherit traits by way of discrete "units of inheritance". This term, still used today, is a somewhat ambiguous definition of what is referred to as agene.


How to Apply for World Championship in Genetics


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Last Date - 31st of every month

Registrations are open every month each year. 


Year 2013



World Championship is organized by International Agency for Standards and Ratings



Year 2018

____________________________________________________________________

 

 Dr. Ingo Schmidt from Germany is conferred with World Championship -2018 in Rheumatology (metacarpophalangeal joints) World Cup


 Lucieta Guerreiro Martorano from Brazil is conferred with World Championship - 2018 in Climate Change (Precipitation Rate) World Cup

   Dr. Brij Bhushan Tewari from Guyana is World Champion - 2018 in Applied Science (Adsorption Parameters)


  Professor Ivet B. KOLEVA from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Orthopedic Rehabilitation (Knee Arthroplasty)


 Dr. Miah Muhammad Adel from USA is World Champion- 2018 in Environmental Sciences (Reservoirs) World Cup

   Professor Zhiyong Wang from China is the World Champion-2018 in Biliary Sciences

 Dr. Alexandru Trifu from Romania is World Champion - 2018 in Humanistic Sciences (Transhumance)


 Professor Elzo Alves Aranha from Brazil is World Champion- 2018 in Business Management (Entrepreneurship) World Cup


 Dr. Vincenza Bonfiglio from Italy Wins World Championship-2018 in Drug Designing (Corticosteroids)


 Professor WEI Erhu from China is World Champion-2018 in Educational Research (Courseware)


 Dr. Sujoy Ghosh from India is the World Champion-2018 in Metabolomics (Teneligliptin)


 Dr. Jesy. E.J. from India is the World Champion-2018 in Cytotoxic Activities (Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Analysis)


 Dr. Kazuhiro Esaki from Japan is World Champion-2018 in Global Quality Assessment


 Professor Santiago Nieto Martin from Spain is World Champion-2018 in Research on Education Systems (Educational Research) World Cup


    Professor Manuela Valentini, Elisa Di Massa, Giovanna Troiano and Professor Ario Federici from Italy are World Champions-2018 in Educational Research (Self-Esteem)


 Dr. Sandra Ricart Casadevall from Spain is World Champion - 2018 in Earth Science (Irrigation)


  Dr. Paulo José Menegasso and Dr. André Luis dos Santos Menezes from Brazil are World Champions - 2018 in Educational Research (Visual Impairment) World Cup


 Dr. Tatyasaheb. R Patil from India is the World Champion-2018 in Neurodegenerative Disorders (Pharmacognosy)


 Professor Maurizio Lanfranchi from Italy is World Champion - 2018 in Applied Sciences (Cumulative Proportional Odds Model)


 Dr. János Ladvánszky from Hungary wins World Championship - 2018 in Intermodulation Power (Electrical Engineering) out of 56 countries World Cup


 Dr. Udochukwu Martins Okechukwu from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Climate Change (Floodplains)


 Dr. Mohanraj N Pattar from India is the World Champion-2018 in Medicinal Plants (Minerals and Trace Elements)


 Dr. Osayande Osaretin Julie from Belgium is World Champion - 2018 in Clinical Studies (Genetic Engineering ) World Cup 


World Championship is Biggest World Science Fair  



 Dr. Yasin Idweini from Jordan is conferred with World Championship -2018 in Endoscopic Treatment World Cup


 Dr. Afonin Sergey Mikhailovich from Russia is the World Champion-2018 in Physics (Electromagnetoelastic Actuators) World Cup 


 Dr. Miah Muhammad Adel from USA is World Champion - 2018 in Environmental Sciences (Water Politics) World Cup 


 Dr. Aroloye O. Numbere from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Environmental Sciences (Precipitation)


 Dr. Mikhailenko Ilya Mikhailovitch from Russia is World Champion-2018 in Genetics (Genotypes and Phenotypes)


  Dr. Chinyere Ogochukwu Dike from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Applied Mathematics (Ebola Virus Disease)


 Dr. Hyun Woo Kang from Korea wins World Championship - 2018 in Nutrition Research (Functional Food) World Cup

 Dr. ThukaaZuhair Abdul-Jalil from Iraq is World Champion - 2018 in Pharmacognosy (GC/MS Phytochemical Analysis)


  Dr. Bosede Oyegbile from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Educational Administration


 Dr. Saiden Thondhlana from Zimbabwe is World Champion-2018 in Educational Research (Teacher and Pupil Related Conflicts)


 Dr. Karkaz Mohammed Thalij from Iraq is World Champion - 2018 in Biotechnology (Antibacterial Activity)

 Dr. Nwachukwu Williams from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Soil Science (Rural Sociology)


 Dr. Sanjeev Kumar from India is the World Champion-2018 in Environmental Science (Global Warming)


 Dr. Akalonu George I. from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Occupational Health (Construction)


  Dr. Tukumbi Lumumba-Kasongo from USA is World Champion-2018 in African Development (Public Administration)


 Dr. Okuyade Ighoroje Wilson Ata from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Advances in Research (Bifurcating Rectangular Porous Channel)



  Dr. Jubilee Purkayastha from India is conferred with World Championship -2018 in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology World Cup



    Dr. Eke Onyebuchukwu Desmond, Dr. Chukwumobi Nkechinyere Anulika, Dr Ernest Ndukaife Anyabolu and Dr Innocent Chukwuemeka Okoye from Nigeria are World Champions - 2018 in Medical Sciences (Social Medicine) World Cup


 Dr. Gopa Saha Roy from India is World Champion - 2018 in Sports Science (Anaerobic Thresholds) World Cup



 Dr. Abosede Adebola Otemuyiwa from Nigeria is conferred with World Championship - 2018 in Semiotics World Cup


  Mrs. P. Selvavathi and Dr. R.Sophia Porchelvi from India are World Champions-2018 in Mathematical Analysis (Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation)

 Dr. Claudine NTSAMA MBALA spouse ESSOMBA from Cameroon is World Champion - 2018 in Parasitology (Surgical Site Infections) World Cup


 Dr. Alok Kumar Pramanik from India is World Champion - 2018 in Environment Sciences (Allopreening)


  Dr Ernest Ndukaife Anyabolu from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Hypertension Research (Nephrotic Syndrome) World Cup



Dr. Vishal Saini from India is World Champion-2018 in Applied Chemistry (Thiourea)


 Dr. Belghmaidi Sarah from Morocco is the World Champion -2018 in Medical Science (Corneal Tuberculosis) World Cup


 Dr. Nanda . N from India is the World Champion-2018 in Applied Chemistry (Diazepam)

 Mr. Daniel Anini Baah from Ghana is World Champion - 2018 in Bioremediation


 Dr. T. Govindan from India is the World Champion-2018 in Mangrove Conservation (Mass Propagation)


 Dr. Yasin Idweini from Jordan is conferred with World Championship -2018 in Urology (Electrocoagulation) World Cup



World Championship is popularly known as World Science Festival in Europe and Asia


 Professor Gerelmaa Damba from Mongolia is World Champion - 2018 in Business Management (Labor Market Flexibility) World Cup


 Dr. Komi Apélété AMOU from Togo is World Champion -2018 in Sustainable Energy (Solar Radiation Maps) World Cup


Dr. Venkatesh Dore from India is world Champion-2018 in Crop Physiology (Rice Genotypes)


 Dr. Félix Fofana N'ZUÉ from Côte d’Ivoire is conferred with World Championship - 2018 in International Finance (Gross Domestic Product Ratio) World Cup


 Dr. AMEY Kossi Bollanigni from Togo is World Champion -2018 in Civil Engineering (Silty Sands)


 Dr. Zheng-Chuan Wang from China Wins World Championship -2018 in Physics (Spintronics) World Cup


  Professor Souaïbou FAROUGOU and Dr. SESSOU Philippe are winner of World Championship-2018 in Food Preservation World Cup


 Dr. Ballagere Puttaraju Harini from India is conferred with World Championship - 2018 in Biodiversity (Molecular Genetics) World Cup


 Dr. Nilfer Sahin from Turkey is World Champion-2018 in Biomedicine World Cup 


 Dr. Kavit S. Mehta from India is World Champion - 2018 in Microbiological Research (Ethnomedicine) World Cup


 Tri Aru Wiratno from Indonesia is World Champion-2018 in Educational Research (Social Culture Reality) World Cup


Sek. Men. Keb. Pendeta Zaaba, Negeri Sembilan Sek. Men. Keb. Tunku Ampuan Durah, Negeri Sembilan IIUM, Kuantan Campus UNITAR, Kelana Jaya IIUM, Kuantan Campus ICCE, IIUM, Gombak Campus Dr. Saadi bin Ahmad Kamaruddin from Malaysia is conferred with National Championship-2018 in Electrical Engineering (Evolutionary Algorithms) World Cup


 Dr. Bernard Omwoyo Moenga from Kenya is conferred with World Championship - 2018 in Participatory Epidemiology World Cup


 Dr. N.D. Zargar from India wins World Championship - 2018 in Organic Chemistry (Organic Synthesis) World Cup



 Dr. Fayaz Ahmad Sofi from India is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Rheumatology (Molecular Biology) World Cup


Dr. Dickson Adom from Ghana is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Agricultural Research (Ecosystem Conservation) World Cup




 Dr. Kenichi Meguro from Japan is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Geriatric Behavioral Neurology World Cup



  Dr. Jack Uzezi Gladys from Nigeria is conferred with World Championship - 2018 in Educational Research (Peer Group Activities) World Cup


  Dr. Mitra Akbari and Ramin Elmi from Iran are conferred with World Championship -2018 in Medical Science (Immunology) World Cup


Dr. Aaron TetteyAsare from Ghana is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Plant Breeding World Cup


 Kraleti Lakshmi Yaso Tejaswini from India is World Champion-2018 in Agriculture Sciences (Correlation) World Cup


  Dr Badade Zunjarrao Ganpat from India is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Biochemistry (Oxidative Stress) World Cup


 Shah Imran Ahmed from Bangladesh is conferred with World Championship - 2018 in Sociology and Anthropology (Parenthood) World Cup


 Dr. Eng. Satoshi TAKEI from Japan is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Nanotechnology World Cup


  Dr. Nayareen Akhtar, Dr. Rezwanur Rahman from Bangladesh are World Champion-2018 in Urinary Tract Infections (Microbiological Research)


 Dr. F.Özge MAVİŞ SEVİM from Turkey is World Champion- 2018 in Education (Corrective Feedback) World Cup


 Dr. Maryam Hassana Ati from Nigeria is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Morphology (Crop Production) World Cup


 Dr. Melike Elif Teker from Turkey is World Champion - 2018 in Aortic Coarctation World Cup


  Dr G. Sreenivasan from India is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Electrical Engineering (Power Quality) World Cup


 Dr. Ekaette Emenike Iroegbu is World Champion - 2018 in Teleconferencing (Educational Research) World Cup


 Dr. Rustam Effendi-YS from Indonesia is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Colorectal Cancer (Molecular Biology) World Cup


Dr. Shashi Khare from India is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Microbiology (Drug Resistance) World Cup 


 Dr. Justin R. Nayagam from India is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Agricultural Science (Plant Biotechnology) World Cup  


  Dr. Daferighe Emmanuel Emeakponuzo from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Corporate Governance (Environmental Accounting)


 Dr. Manoj Gupta from Singapore is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Biomedical Science World 

Cup


 Dr. Peter SIYAN from Nigeria is the World Champion-2018 in Business Management (Infrastructure Development) World Cup 


Dr. Bakulranjan Jana from India is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Agricultural Science (Physico –chemical Characters) World Cup


 Dr. Sanit Srikoon from Thailand is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Learning World Cup 


 Ramadhani Amri Mpasiwakomu from Tanzania is World Champion-2018 in Wild Medicinal Plants World Cup 


 Dr. Jonathan Edward Tetteh Kuwornu-Adjaottor from Ghana is the World Champion -2018 in Social Sciences (Employability Skills) World Cup 


 Mandava Hemalatha from India is the World Champion-2018 in Social Science (Alzheimer’s Patients)


 Dr. Ogugua N. Okonkwo from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Ophthalmology (Macular Hole)


 Prof Swapna Chaudhuri from India is conferred with World Championship -2018 in Oncology (Molecular Immunology) World Cup 


 Dr. Justina Ifeoma Ofuebe from Nigeria is World Champion-2018 in Yoga (Educational Research) World Cup 

Mr. Mohammedsaeed Ganjoor from Iran is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Genetics (Aquaculture) World Cup


 Dr. Abdulrahman Yusuf Maigida from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Educational Research (Contemporary Islamic Education)


 Dr. Yasuko Fukaya from Japan is conferred with World Championship -2018 in Nursing (Clinical Communication) World Cup 


 Dr. NAMO Otsanjugu Timothy Aku from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Crop Science (Zea mays Flowering)


 Prof. Dr. B.M. Patil from India is conferred with World Championship -2018 in Proteomics (Mutation) World Cup 


 Dr. Kaywood E. Leizou from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Chemical Science (Metal Speciation in Sediment)


  Prof., MD Tarık Kıvrak from Turkey is conferred with World Championship -2018 in Cardiology (Pulmonary Atherosclerosis) World Cup


 Dr. K. Suseela from India is World Champion-2018 in Agriculture (Dryland): World Cup


 Dr. Udoaka Otobong Gabriel from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Translational Hull (Mathematics) 


   Dr. Kasturi Ghosh from India is the World Champion-2018 in Agronomy (Date of sowing)


 Dr. Olubanjo Olutola Obafemi from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Environmental Engineering (Yield of Crops)


Dr. Diouf cheikh from Senegal is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Surgery (Laparoscopy) World Cup  


 Dr. Charles E. Anyanechi from Nigeria is World Champion-2018 in Health Sciences (Chronic Periodontitis)


 Dr. Seghosime, Animetuo from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Environmental Science (Phytochemical Screening)


Dr. (Ms) Swapnali Hazarika from India is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Membrane Science World Cup 


  Dr. Daniel Enyinnaya Azunna from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Earth Science (Mineral prospecting)


 Dr. Ram Lakhan Ram from India is the World Champion-2018 in Applied Science (Sericulture)


Dr. Ubogu Monday from Nigeria is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Biological Science World Cup 


 Dr. Iquo Bassey Otu-Bassey from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Hematology (Hemoglobin)



 Dr. Halima Zugher Hussein from Iraq is conferred with World Championship -2018 in Agriculture (Detoxification) World Cup 


  Dr. Ekwumemgbo, Patricia Adamma from Nigeria is World Champion - 2018 in Chemical Science (Fractionation)



 Dr. Kendre Govind Manikrao from India is conferred with World Championship-2018 in Pediatrics (Antiretroviral Therapy) World Cup


_______________________________


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Innovative medical devices are registered for World Academic Championship for recognition of excellent discoveries in medical science. According to IASR, (STANDARD AGENCY), Manufacturers are encouraged by World Academic Championship if their products, equipment, kits, reagents, or devices have advanced the healthcare system. Recent advancements in public health could be discovered because of World Academic Championship. As a result we see product improvement, innovations and new technologies serving in healthcare industry. Thanks to World Academic Championship, best medical devices can be recognized now easily. It helps medical practitioners and clinicians to purchase best medical devices. WHO estimates there are more than 10 000 types of medical devices available. The selection of appropriate medical equipment always depends on local, regional or national requirements; factors to consider purchase include the type of health facility where the devices are to be used, whether it is approved by IASR: INTERNATIONAL AGENCY FOR STANDARDS AND RATINGS Always ensure the medical device are certified by International Agency for Standards and Ratings, before you purchase them for your hospitals and clinics for best service to patients.

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Etymology

The word genetics stems from the ancient Greek γενετικός genetikos meaning "genitive"/"generative", which in turn derives from γένεσις genesis meaning "origin".[3][4][5]


History

Main article: History of genetics

The observation that living things inherit traits from their parents has been used since prehistoric times to improve crop plants and animals through selective breeding.[6] The modern science of genetics, seeking to understand this process, began with the work of the Augustinian friar Gregor Mendel in the mid-19th century.[7]

Prior to Mendel, Imre Festetics, a Hungarian noble, who lived in Kőszeg before Mendel, was the first who used the word "genetics." He described several rules of genetic inheritance in his work The genetic law of the Nature (Die genetische Gesätze der Natur, 1819). His second law is the same as what Mendel published. In his third law, he developed the basic principles of mutation (he can be considered a forerunner of Hugo de Vries).[8]

Mendelian and classical genetics

Modern genetics started with Mendel's studies of the nature of inheritance in plants. In his paper "Versuche über Pflanzenhybriden" ("Experiments on Plant Hybridization"), presented in 1865 to the Naturforschender Verein (Society for Research in Nature) in Brünn, Mendel traced the inheritance patterns of certain traits in pea plants and described them mathematically.[13] Although this pattern of inheritance could only be observed for a few traits, Mendel's work suggested that heredity was particulate, not acquired, and that the inheritance patterns of many traits could be explained through simple rules and ratios.


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Molecular genetics


Although genes were known to exist on chromosomes, chromosomes are composed of both protein and DNA, and scientists did not know which of the two is responsible for inheritance. In 1928, Frederick Griffith discovered the phenomenon of transformation (see Griffith's experiment): dead bacteria could transfer genetic material to "transform" other still-living bacteria. Sixteen years later, in 1944, the Avery–MacLeod–McCarty experiment identified DNA as the molecule responsible for transformation.[21] The role of the nucleus as the repository of genetic information in eukaryotes had been established by Hämmerling in 1943 in his work on the single celled algaAcetabularia.[22] The Hershey–Chase experiment in 1952 confirmed that DNA (rather than protein) is the genetic material of the viruses that infect bacteria, providing further evidence that DNA is the molecule responsible for inheritance.[23]


James Watson and Francis Crick determined the structure of DNA in 1953, using the X-ray crystallography work of Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins that indicated DNA has a helicalstructure (i.e., shaped like a corkscrew).[24][25] Their double-helix model had two strands of DNA with the nucleotides pointing inward, each matching a complementary nucleotide on the other strand to form what look like rungs on a twisted ladder.[26] This structure showed that genetic information exists in the sequence of nucleotides on each strand of DNA. The structure also suggested a simple method for replication: if the strands are separated, new partner strands can be reconstructed for each based on the sequence of the old strand. This property is what gives DNA its semi-conservative nature where one strand of new DNA is from an original parent strand.[27]



Medical Science Conference (Webinar)

How to present paper on medical science in webinar (online conference)- The paper can be submitted at Medical Science Conference (Webinar) sponsored by Medical Science Journal along with ppt slides at             ubnenquiry@gmail.com 

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List of Disease in alphabetic order

  1. A 
  2. B 
  3. C 
  4. D 
  5. E 
  6. F 
  7. G 
  8. H 
  9. I 
  10. J 
  11. K 
  12. L 
  13. M 
  14. N 
  15. O 
  16. P
  17.  
  18. Q 
  19. R 
  20. S 
  21. T 
  22. U 
  23. V
  24. W 
  25. X 
  26. Y 
  27. Z 
  28. #



Features of inheritance

Discrete inheritance and Mendel's laws


At its most fundamental level, inheritance in organisms occurs by passing discrete heritable units, called genes, from parents to offspring.[36] This property was first observed by Gregor Mendel, who studied the segregation of heritable traits in peaplants.[13][37] In his experiments studying the trait for flower color, Mendel observed that the flowers of each pea plant were either purple or white—but never an intermediate between the two colors. These different, discrete versions of the same gene are called alleles.


In the case of the pea, which is a diploid species, each individual plant has two copies of each gene, one copy inherited from each parent.[38] Many species, including humans, have this pattern of inheritance. Diploid organisms with two copies of the same allele of a given gene are called homozygous at that gene locus, while organisms with two different alleles of a given gene are called heterozygous.

When a pair of organisms reproduce sexually, their offspring randomly inherit one of the two alleles from each parent. These observations of discrete inheritance and the segregation of alleles are collectively known as Mendel's first law or the Law of Segregation.


Notation and diagrams

Geneticists use diagrams and symbols to describe inheritance. A gene is represented by one or a few letters. Often a "+" symbol is used to mark the usual,non-mutant allele for a gene.[40]

In fertilization and breeding experiments (and especially when discussing Mendel's laws) the parents are referred to as the "P" generation and the offspring as the "F1" (first filial) generation. When the F1 offspring mate with each other, the offspring are called the "F2" (second filial) generation. One of the common diagrams used to predict the result of cross-breeding is the Punnett square.

When studying human genetic diseases, geneticists often use pedigree charts to represent the inheritance of traits.[41] These charts map the inheritance of a trait in a family tree.


Multiple gene interactions

Organisms have thousands of genes, and in sexually reproducing organisms these genes generally assort independently of each other. This means that the inheritance of an allele for yellow or green pea color is unrelated to the inheritance of alleles for white or purple flowers. This phenomenon, known as "Mendel's second law" or the "law of independent assortment," means that the alleles of different genes get shuffled between parents to form offspring with many different combinations. (Some genes do not assort independently, demonstrating genetic linkage, a topic discussed later in this article.)



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