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011. Ramadan 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028, 2029.

                                                                         Updated. 
                                                            11 May 2012 (1433 AH).

 

INDEX:

1. When does Ramadan start according to the Quran?

2. When does Ramadan start according to hadith (stories from humans)?

3. When does Ramadan start according to the Islamic calendar?

4. When is the New Moon visible?

5. Why are there different starting dates for Ramadan?

6. Mistaken sightings of the crescent (hilal) of the new Moon.

7. Estimated worldwide dates for the start of Ramadan and the start of Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr).

    7.1 Worldwide you can use the estimated dates below to look for the crescent (hilal (hilāl)) of the new Moon (Qamar).

    7.2 How to confirm the starting date of Ramadan and Eid.

    7.3 What is one day in Islam?

    7.4 When does the first day of Ramadan start?

    7.5 When does the first day of Ramadan fasting start?

    7.6 When does the first day of Ramadan fasting end?

    7.7 How do you count the days before the month of Ramadan? 

    7.8 Astronauts who celebrate Ramadan at the International Space Station. 

    7.9 When to look for the small crescent of the new Moon of Ramadan?

When to look for the small crescent of the new Moon of Eid ul-Fitr?

When to look for the small crescent of the new Moon of Eid ul-Fitri?

When to look for the small crescent of the new Moon of Eid al-Fitr?

When to look for the small crescent of the new Moon of Eid al-Fitri?

8. When is Ramadan 2011 (1432 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2011 (1432 AH).

9. When is Ramadan 2012 (1433 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2012 (1433 AH).

10. When is Ramadan 2013 (1434 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2013 (1434 AH).

11. When is Ramadan 2014 (1435 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2014 (1435 AH).

12. When is Ramadan 2015 (1436 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2015 (1436 AH).

13. When is Ramadan 2016 (1437 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2016 (1437 AH).

14. When is Ramadan 2017 (1438 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2017 (1438 AH).

15. When is Ramadan 2018 (1439 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2018 (1439 AH).

16. When is Ramadan 2019 (1440 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2019 (1440 AH).

17. When is Ramadan 2020 (1441 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2020 (1441 AH).

18. When is Ramadan 2021 (1442 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2021 (1442 AH).

19. When is Ramadan 2022 (1443 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2022 (1443 AH).

20. When is Ramadan 2023 (1444 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2023 (1444 AH).

21. When is Ramadan 2024 (1445 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2024 (1445 AH).

22. When is Ramadan 2025 (1446 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2025 (1446 AH).

23. When is Ramadan 2026 (1447 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2026 (1447 AH).

24. When is Ramadan 2027 (1448 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2027 (1448 AH).

25. When is Ramadan 2028 (1449 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2028 (1449 AH).

26. When is Ramadan 2029 (1450 AH). When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2029 (1450 AH).

 

 

 

 

When is Ramadan 2011 – 2029?     

When is Ramadan 1432 – 1450?      When is Ramadan 1432 AH – 1450 AH?     

 

When is Eid ul-Fitr 2011 – 2029?

When is Eid ul-Fitr 1432 – 1450?      When is Eid ul-Fitr 1432 AH – 1450 AH?

 

When is Eid al-Fitr 2011 – 2029?

When is Eid al-Fitr 1432 – 1450?      When is Eid al-Fitr 1432 AH – 1450 AH?

 

When is Eid ul-Fitri 2011 – 2029?

When is Eid ul-Fitr 1432 – 1450?       When is Eid ul-Fitr 1432 AH – 1450 AH?

 

When is Eid al-Fitri 2011 – 2029?

When is Eid al-Fitr 1432 – 1450?      When is Eid al-Fitr 1432 AH – 1450 AH?

 

 

The crescent of the Moon seen from Earth. 

The Moon photographed on the Earth using a 2.2-metre telescope at La Silla, Chile in South America. 1432 AH (18 July 2011). Thanks to Wikipedia. Credit: ESO (European Southern Observatory) and Andy Strappazzon.

 

 

رمضان 2011 – 2029, ماه رمضان 2011 – 2029, روژه 2011 – 2029, ڕەمەزان 2011 – 2029, رمضان المبارک 2011 – 2029, הרמדאן 2011 – 2029, ראמאדן 2011 – 2029, ראמדן 2011 – 2029, רמדאן 2011 – 2029, ראַמאַדאַן 2011 – 2029,

 

Ramadà 2011 – 2029, Ramadã 2011 – 2029, Ramadaan 2011 – 2029, Ramadan 2011 – 2029,

Ramadán 2011 – 2029, Ramaān 2011 – 2029, Ramadana 2011 – 2029, Ramadāna 2011 – 2029, Ramadanas 2011 – 2029, Ramadāns 2011 – 2029, Ramadano 2011 – 2029, Ramadanen 2011 – 2029, Ramadão 2011 – 2029, Ramadhaan 2011 – 2029, Ramadhan 2011 – 2029, Ramadhani 2011 – 2029, Ramazaan 2011 – 2029, Ramazan 2011 – 2029, Ramazán 2011 – 2029, Ramazana 2011 – 2029, Ramazan ayı 2011 – 2029, Ramazani 2011 – 2029, Ramazanski 2011 – 2029, Ramaðan 2011 – 2029, Ramdaan 2011 – 2029, Ramdan 2011 – 2029, Ramzaan 2011 – 2029, Ramzan 2011 – 2029, Remezan 2011 – 2029, Remezani 2011 – 2029, Romjan 2011 – 2029, Рамадан 2011 – 2029, Рамада́н 2011 – 2029, Pамада́н 2011 – 2029, Рамазан 2011 – 2029, Pамаза́н 2011 – 2029, Рамаза́н 2011 – 2029, Ραμαζάνι 2011 – 2029, Pαμαντάν 2011 – 2029, Pαμαζάν 2011 – 2029, ラマダーン  2011 – 2029, ラマダン  2011 – 2029, ラマダンは  2011 – 2029,今年のラマダンはいつ?  2011 – 2029, 라마단 2011 – 2029, 라마단 2011 – 2029, 斋月 2011 – 2029, 齋戒 2011 – 2029, 齋戒月 2011 – 2029, 拉瑪丹 2011 – 2029, 賴買丹月 2011 – 2029, 買丹月 2011 – 2029, रमजान 2011 – 2029, रमजान महीने 2011 – 2029, रमदान 2011 – 2029, রামাদান 2011 – 2029, রামাদান মাস 2011 – 2029, রমজান মাসে 2011 – 2029, রমজান 2011 – 2029,  রমজান মাস শুরু হচ্ছে 2011 – 2029, রমজান শুরু 2011 – 2029, ரமடான் 2011 – 2029, ரமதான் 2011 – 2029, ܪܡܕܐܢ 2011 – 2029, റമദാ 2011 – 2029, ರಮಾದಾನ್ 2011 – 2029, రంజాన్ 2011 – 2029, రమదాన్ 2011 – 2029, รอมะฎอน 2011 – 2029, รอมฎอน 2011 – 2029, ฎอน 2011 – 2029, An Ramadan 2011 – 2029, Ang Ramadan 2011 – 2029, Aşma Remezani 2011 – 2029, Der Ramadan 2011 – 2029, En Ramadán 2011 – 2029, Il Ramadan 2011 – 2029, Le Ramadan 2011 – 2029, Le Ramadhan 2011 – 2029, Le Ramazan 2011 – 2029, Pasa Ramadan 2011 – 2029, Puasa Ramadan 2011 – 2029, Pasar Ramadhan 2011 – 2029, Puasa Ramadhan 2011 – 2029, Ramadaan Kaarim 2011 – 2029, Tháng Ramadan 2011 – 2029.

 

 

رمضان رمضان 1432 – 1450, ماه رمضان 1432 – 1450, روژه 1432 – 1450, ڕەمەزان 1432 – 1450, رمضان المبارک 1432 – 1450, הרמדאן 1432 – 1450, ראמאדן 1432 – 1450, ראמדן 1432 – 1450, רמדאן 1432 – 1450, ראַמאַדאַן 1432 – 1450,

 

Ramadà 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramadã 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramadaan 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramadan 1432AH – 1450AH,

Ramadán 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramaān 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramadana 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramadāna 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramadanas 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramadāns 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramadano 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramadanen 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramadão 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramadhaan 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramadhan 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramadhani 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramazaan 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramazan 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramazán 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramazana 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramazan ayı 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramazani 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramazanski 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramaðan 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramdaan 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramdan 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramzaan 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramzan 1432AH – 1450AH, Remezan 1432AH – 1450AH, Remezani 1432AH – 1450AH, Romjan 1432AH – 1450AH, Рамадан 1432AH – 1450AH, Рамада́н 1432AH – 1450AH, Pамада́н 1432AH – 1450AH, Рамазан 1432AH – 1450AH, Pамаза́н 1432AH – 1450AH, Рамаза́н 1432AH – 1450AH, Ραμαζάνι 1432AH – 1450AH, Pαμαντάν 1432AH – 1450AH, Pαμαζάν 1432AH – 1450AH, ラマダーン  1432AH – 1450AH, ラマダン  1432AH – 1450AH, ラマダンは  1432AH – 1450AH,今年のラマダンはいつ?  1432AH – 1450AH, 라마단 1432AH – 1450AH, 라마단 1432AH – 1450AH, 斋月 1432AH – 1450AH, 齋戒 1432AH – 1450AH, 齋戒月 1432AH – 1450AH, 拉瑪丹 1432AH – 1450AH, 賴買丹月 1432AH – 1450AH, 買丹月 1432AH – 1450AH, रमजान 1432AH – 1450AH, रमजान महीने 1432AH – 1450AH, रमदान 1432AH – 1450AH, রামাদান 1432AH – 1450AH, রামাদান মাস 1432AH – 1450AH, রমজান মাসে 1432AH – 1450AH, রমজান 1432AH – 1450AH,  রমজান মাস শুরু হচ্ছে 1432AH – 1450AH, রমজান শুরু 1432AH – 1450AH, ரமடான் 1432AH – 1450AH, ரமதான் 1432AH – 1450AH, ܪܡܕܐܢ 1432AH – 1450AH, റമദാ 1432AH – 1450AH, ರಮಾದಾನ್ 1432AH – 1450AH, రంజాన్ 1432AH – 1450AH, రమదాన్ 1432AH – 1450AH, รอมะฎอน 1432AH – 1450AH, รอมฎอน 1432AH – 1450AH, ฎอน 1432AH – 1450AH, An Ramadan 1432AH – 1450AH, Ang Ramadan 1432AH – 1450AH, Aşma Remezani 1432AH – 1450AH, Der Ramadan 1432AH – 1450AH, En Ramadán 1432AH – 1450AH, Il Ramadan 1432AH – 1450AH, Le Ramadan 1432AH – 1450AH, Le Ramadhan 1432AH – 1450AH, Le Ramazan 1432AH – 1450AH, Pasa Ramadan 1432AH – 1450AH, Puasa Ramadan 1432AH – 1450AH, Pasar Ramadhan 1432AH – 1450AH, Puasa Ramadhan 1432AH – 1450AH, Ramadaan Kaarim 1432AH – 1450AH, Tháng Ramadan 1432AH – 1450AH.

 

 

 

 

When is Ramadan? When is Eid ul-Fitr? When is Eid al-Fitr? When is Eid ul-Fitri?

When is Eid al-Fitri?

 

 

 

1. When does Ramadan start according to the Quran?

(Comments are in brackets).

 

Quran 2:189 Verse 2:189 They ask you (Prophet Muhammad) about (what are) the (first small crescent of the) new Moons. Say, these are signs to mark fixed periods of time for (the affairs of) humans and for the pilgrimage. …”

 

Quran 2:185 Verse 2:185 In the month of Ramadan the Quran was revealed as guidance for humans with clear reasons for the guidance and with judgment (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the small crescent of the new Moon on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan) should spend that month in fasting (between dawn and sunset), but if anyone is ill or on a journey, the prescribed period of (fasting) days (should be made up) later. God intends that things be easy for you, He (God) does not want to make things difficult for you. (He (God) wants you) to complete the prescribed period (of the fast) and to glorify Him (God) in (the way) that He (God) has guided you (until the end of fasting when the small crescent of the next new Moon returns to show that the first day of a new month has started and Ramadan has ended) and that you give thanks to Him (God).

 

 

 

2. When does Ramadan start according to hadith (stories from humans)?

(Comments are in brackets).

 

Narrated by Abu Huraira that the Prophet or Abu-l-Qasim (Prophet Muhammad) said, "Start fasting on seeing the crescent (of the new Moon which indicates that the month of Ramadan has started), and give up fasting on seeing the crescent (of the next new Moon which indicates that the month of Shawwal has started), and if the sky is overcast (and you cannot see it at the end of 29 days), complete thirty days of (the month of) Sha'ban (and the end of day 30 will be the first day of Ramadan)." (Book 31, Hadith 133 Sahih Bukhari).

 

(Comment 1.  Sha'ban is the month before the month of Ramadan. 

Sha'ban has 29 days but if soon after the end of 29 days the Moon cannot be seen then add one more day so that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

The sighting of the first crescent of the new Moon soon after the end of 29 days in the month of Sha'ban is the first day of the month of Ramadan which is also the first day of daytime fasting.

If the Moon cannot be seen soon after the end of 29 days after sunset in the western horizon in the month of Sha'ban then add one more day to the month of Sha'ban so that the month of Sha'ban ends at the end of 30 days at sunset which will be the first day of the month of Ramadan which is also the first day of daytime fasting.

A 24 hour day in Islam and Judaism is from sunset (6 pm) to the next sunset (6 pm).

 

(Comment 2. Ramadan is the month after the month of Sha'ban.

Ramadan has 29 days but if soon after the end of 29 days the Moon cannot be seen then add one more day so that the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

The sighting of the first crescent of the new Moon soon after the end of 29 days in the month of Sha'ban is the first day of the month of Ramadan which is also the first day of daytime fasting.

If the Moon cannot be seen soon after the end of 29 days after sunset in the western horizon in the month of Sha'ban then add one more day to the month of Sha'ban so that the month of Sha'ban ends at the end of 30 days which will be the first day of the month of Ramadan which is also the first day of daytime fasting.

A 24 hour day in Islam and Judaism is from sunset (6 pm) to the next sunset (6 pm).

 

(Comment 3. Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) is the month after the month of Ramadan.

Shawwal has 29 days but if soon after the end of 29 days the Moon cannot be seen then add one more day so that the month of Shawwal has 30 days.

The sighting of the first crescent of the new Moon soon after the end of 29 days in the month of Ramadan is the end of the fasting month of Ramadan and the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day of daytime eating celebrated as Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr).

If the Moon cannot be seen soon after the end of 29 days after sunset in the western horizon in the month of Ramadan then add one more day to the month of Ramadan so that the month of Ramadan ends at the end of 30 days which will be the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day of daytime eating celebrated as Eid ul-Fitr.

A 24 hour day in Islam and Judaism is from sunset (6 pm) to the next sunset (6 pm).

 

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar that the Prophet (Prophet Muhammad) said, "We are an illiterate nation; we neither write, nor know accounts (calculations). The month is like this and this, i.e. sometimes of 29 days and sometimes of thirty days." (Book 31, Hadith 137 Sahih Bukhari).

 

Narrated by Hudhayfah that the Prophet (Prophet Muhammad) said, “Do not fast (for Ramadan) before the coming of the month until you sight the Moon or complete the number (of thirty days if you did not see the first crescent of the new Moon on the 29th day of the month); then fast until you sight the Moon or complete the number (of thirty days if you did not see the Moon on the 29th day of the month).” (Book 13, Hadith 2319 Sahih Abudawud).

 

Narrated by Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin that (Prophet Muhammad) the messenger of God used to count the days in Sha'ban in a manner he did not count any other month (meaning he was very careful in counting the days of month of Sha’ban which is the month before the month of Ramadan); then he fasted when he sighted (the crescent of) the new Moon of (the month of) Ramadan; but if the weather was cloudy (at the end of 29 days) he counted thirty days (by adding one more day to that month) and then fasted (at the end of day 30). (Book 13, Hadith 2318 Sahih Abudawud).

 

Narrated by Hudhayfah that the Prophet (Prophet Muhammad) said, “Do not fast (for Ramadan) before the coming of the month until you sight the Moon or complete the number (of thirty days if the Moon could not be seen at the end of 29 days); then fast until you sight the Moon or complete the number (of thirty days if the Moon could not be seen at the end of 29 days).”  (Book 13, Hadith 2319 Sahih Abudawud)

 

Narrated by Abdullah ibn Abbas that the Prophet (Prophet Muhammad) said, “Do not fast one day or two days just before Ramadan except in the case of a man who has been in the habit or observing a fast (on that day); and do not fast until you sight it (the first crescent of the new Moon of Ramadan). Then fast until you sight it (the first crescent of the new Moon of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the month at the end of the month of Ramadan). If a cloud appears on that day (i.e. at the end of day 29 in the month of Ramadan so that you cannot see the Moon and no one else reported that they could see the Moon) then complete the number thirty (days by adding one more day to the month of Ramadan) and then end the fasting (at the end of day 30 in Ramadan), a month (usually) consists of twenty-nine days (unless at the end of day 29 the Moon could not be seen and so one more day is added to that month).” (Book 13, Hadith 2320  Sahih Abudawud).

 

Yahya related to me from Malik (who hear it from) from Thawr ibn Zayd ad-Dili (who hear it) from Abdullah ibn Abbas that (Prophet Muhammad) the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, once mentioned Ramadan and said, "Do not start the fast or break it until you see the (first crescent of the) new Moon. If the new Moon is obscured from you (at the end of day 29), then complete a full thirty days (for that month by adding one more day at the end of 29 days)."  (Book 18, Hadith 18.1.3 Malik’s Muwatta).

 

 

 

3. When does Ramadan start according to the Islamic calendar?

 

1. The Islamic calendar used in Saudi Arabia in 2011 (1432 AH) called the Umm al-Qura calendar is not based on a sighting of the Moon (Qamar) which is needed to determine the start of the daytime fasting month of Ramadan and the end of the daytime fasting month of Ramadan.

 

2. When the fasting month of Ramadan ends at sunset, then starts the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which celebrates the return to daytime eating in a holiday known as Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr).

 

3. Authorities in Saudi Arabia have sometimes changed the start of Ramadan by one day earlier than indicated in the Umm al-Qura calendar date or one day later than indicated in the Umm al-Qura calendar date depending on when the Moon was sighted.

The Islamic calendar like all calendars is a calculated estimate and has been modified over time using different calculation criteria.

For example in the year 1423 AH (2002) a modification was introduced to the Umm al-Qura calendar so that at the end of day 29 in the month, the next day is the first day of the new month if the new Moon geocentric conjunction (when the Sun and the new Moon are very close to each other in the sky) occurs before sunset at Mecca (Makkah) in Saudi Arabia and the Moon sets after the Sun has set at Mecca (Makkah) in Saudi Arabia.

 

4. When is the New Moon visible?

 

1. When the new born Moon (al-Qamar al-Mawlid) is born (when the new phase of the Moon starts) it is black so it cannot be seen with the unaided human eye from Earth.

 

2. One or more days after the new Moon is born the unaided human eye on Earth is able to see (sight) the first small crescent (Hilal) of the new Moon.

 

 

5. Why are there different starting dates for Ramadan?

 

1. Some Muslims start the first day of Ramadan at sunset as soon as the first report is received from their local area of a confirmed sighting of the small crescent of the new Moon soon after sunset or as soon as they see the small crescent of the new Moon soon after sunset as Prophet Muhammad did from wherever he was located.

 

2. Some Muslims start the first day of Ramadan by following the decision of Saudi Arabia but this would not be correct if the small crescent of the new Moon can be seen soon after sunset in your country before it can be seen in Saudi Arabia because you must not ignored your local Moon sighting.

 

3. Some Muslims start the first day of Ramadan by following the decision of other countries but this would not be correct if the small crescent of the new Moon can be seen soon after sunset in your country before it can be seen in other countries because you must not ignored your local Moon sighting.

 

4. Some Muslims start the first day of Ramadan based on calculations and this is valid when it is combined with the visual sighting of the small crescent of the new Moon on day 29 in the month of Sha'ban or if it is cloudy soon after sunset at the end of day 29 and no other confirmed sightings of the small crescent of the new Moon are reported then add one more day to the month of Sha'ban to make Sha'ban a 30 day month and declare that the first day of the month of Ramadan shall be at sunset at the end of day 30 in the month of Sha'ban.

 

(Comment 1. In some countries a month is 29 days if they see the Moon soon after sunset at the end of day 29 and in other countries where the Moon was not sighted one more day is added to make that same month to be 30 days.

 

(Comment 2. The Islamic calendar is used worldwide for civil purposes and is not affected by the addition of one day by some countries because the Islamic calendar is fixed for international and civil use.

 

(Comment 3. The addition of one day in a local area only applies to that local area for the start and end of fasting and the first day of the Eid (Id) festival and is used when the Moon could not be sighted and there was no other report of a Moon sighting from a similar geographic area.

 

(Comment 4. The Islamic calendar is fixed for international and civil use but it is the sighting of the Moon in the local area that is used to determine the start and the end of fasting in Ramadan and the start of the Eid (Id) festival that ends a month of day time fasting in the month of Ramadan.

 

(Comment 5. Dates given for Ramadan in Islamic calendars are fixed for civil use.

 

(Comment 6. Dates given for the start and the end of fasting in Ramadan are an estimate because no one knows if clouds or other factors might make a calculated Moon sighting impossible to see.

 

(Comment 7. God determines who shall see the crescent of the Moon after the end of 29 days and who shall see the crescent of the Moon after 30 days. This is to remind humans that all things are determined by God.

 

5. Since the Earth has only one Moon some Muslims start the first day of Ramadan at sunset as soon as the first report is received from anywhere in the world of a confirmed sighting of the small crescent of the new Moon but this ignores date and time differences around the world that exist because the Earth is round and not flat. If the Earth was flat then this method would work because the date and times of Sunset and Sunrise and Moonset and Moonrise would be similar worldwide.

 

6. Some Muslims start the first day of Ramadan based on a combination of the above which is valid when it includes the sighting of the small crescent of the new Moon locally whenever that is possible.

 

7. Each person should follow the sighting of the first small crescent of the new Moon in the place where they are. This is what was done by Prophet Muhammad and it is the same as using your local time for determining your local prayer times.

Since the time of prayer, eating, fasting and sleeping is different everywhere in the world and is determined by local sunrise and local sunset times so to is the time of Ramadan also different in each part of the world and is determined by local Moon sighting times.

 

8. Prophet Muhammad and Ibn ‘Abbas followed local times to establish the beginning and the end of Ramadan.

The Hadith of Kurayb (I saw the crescent (of Ramadan) on Friday night while in Damascus (Syria).

I arrived at Medina (Arabia today in Saudi Arabia) at the end of the month and Ibn ‘Abbas asked me, “When did you see the crescent (of the new Moon)?”

I said, “We saw it on Friday night.”

He (Ibn ‘Abbas) said, “Did you see it yourself?”

I said, “Yes and the people saw it, and they and Mu‘awiya fasted.”

He (Ibn ‘Abbas) said, “But we saw the crescent on Saturday night. So we will not stop fasting until either we complete thirty (days) or we sight the crescent (that shows the start of the month of Shawwal).”

I said, “Is Mu‘awiya’s sighting and fasting not sufficient for us?”

He (Ibn ‘Abbas) said, “No, this is how (Prophet Muhammad) the Messenger of God ordered us.” (Related by Ahmad, al-Daraqutni and al-Bayhaqi).

 

9. Never argue in an unfriendly way about the correct starting and ending time for Ramadan and do not be disappointed with someone who observes a different starting and ending time for Ramadan because it is God who leads each person with the Quran to their understanding of what God requires.

Sincere worship of God is more important to God than human disagreements.

 

 

6. Mistaken sightings of the crescent (hilal) of the new Moon.

 

1. Mistaken sightings of the small crescent of the new Moon.

If calculations say that the hilal is not visible, then reported sights of the first crescent of the new Moon by a few people should be rejected as a mistaken sighting to reduce errors because the sighting of the first crescent (hilal) of the new Moon is acceptable evidence only if what is testified to is physically, logically and legally possible.

 

2. Mistaken calculations of the small crescent of the new Moon.

If calculations say that the hilal is not visible then those calculations could be rejected as mistaken if a large number of people report seeing the first crescent of the new Moon.

 

3. The fatwa (fatwā, legal ruling in Islam) of Sheikh Muhammad bin Saleh AlOthaimeen is that God is able to do anything but the rules of God concerning the Sun and the Moon in this world are fixed and do not change except in a miracle for a Prophet (a messenger of God) or in honor of a Wali (a person befriended by God). (Al-Daawah Magazine, Issue No. 1725 on 6 Shawwal 1420 AH (2000) in Saudi Arabia.

 

4.  The birth of the new Moon cannot be seen with the unaided naked eye.

The birth of the new Moon (Astronomical New Moon, Wiladatul-Qamar meaning Birth of Moon, al-Qamar al-Mawlid meaning Born Moon) is invisible on the Earth to the unaided human eye because there is not enough angular separation between the Moon and the Sun at sunset in other words the Moon and the Sun are very close to each other in the sky and the side of the Moon that faces the Earth receives little or no sunlight that the unaided human eye can see from the Earth. This happens every month for one day or more when the Moon cannot be seen by the unaided human eye.

 

5. The first small crescent (Hilal) of the new Moon is only visible to the naked eye on the Earth one or more days after the birth of the new Moon when there is a certain amount of angular separation between the Moon and the Sun soon after sunset.

 

6. One or more days after the birth of the new Moon (which cannot be seen by the unaided human eye on the Earth) the separation between the position of the Moon and the Sun in the sky increases and the first light that the human eye on Earth can see is the sunlight that illuminates a small side of the Moon in the shape of the first small crescent of the new Moon.

 

7. The first small crescent (Hilal) of the new Moon is visible to the unaided human eye on the Earth normally one day or more after the birth of the new born Moon called al-Qamar al-Mawlid which cannot be seen on Earth with the unaided human eye.

See The mistaken new Moon sighting report in 1432 AH (2011) http://moonsighting.com/1432rmd.html

See  Issues with hilal sightings http://www.hilalsighting.org/papers/salman.pdf

 

 

 

7. Estimated worldwide dates for the start of Ramadan and the start of Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr).

 

7.1 Worldwide you can use the estimated dates below to look for the crescent (hilal, hilāl) of the new Moon (Qamar) in your western horizon soon after sunset.

Never look at the Sun.

Looking at the Sun can cause eye damage and blindness.

 

7.2 How to confirm the starting date of Ramadan and Eid.

These estimated dates also allow you to know when to listen to your local Muslim radio station or Muslim TV station or Muslim internet website that can confirm that Ramadan or Eid has started in your area. 

 

7.3 What is one day in Islam?

A day in Islam is 24 hours.

One day in Islam starts at sunset (6 pm) and ends the next sunset (6 pm).

 

7.4 When does the first day of Ramadan start?

The first day of Ramadan starts soon after sunset.

 

7.5 When does the first day of Ramadan fasting start?

The first day of fasting in Ramadan starts when the first light before sunrise is visible in the eastern horizon.

 

7.6 When does the first day of Ramadan fasting end?

The first day of fasting in Ramadan ends soon after the Sun has set in the western horizon.

This sunset is the start of the second day of the month of Ramadan and this pattern of nighttime eating and drinking and daytime fasting continues for 29 days or 30 days depending on when the Moon is sighted.

 

7.7 How do you count the days before the month of Ramadan?

1. Prophet Muhammad used to count the days in Sha'ban in a manner he did not count any other month meaning he was very careful in counting the days of the month of Sha’ban which is the month before the month of Ramadan.

 

2. Look for the first crescent after the birth of the new born Moon in the western horizon soon after sunset to establish the first day of Sha'ban (the month before Ramadan) and this will let you count to the end of 29 days when sunset shall be the first day of Ramadan in your area.

 

3. If at the end of 29 days it is cloudy and the Moon cannot be seen then add one more day and start Ramadan at the end of 30 days at sunset.

 

7.8 Astronauts who celebrate Ramadan at the International Space Station (ISS) orbit the Earth 15.7 times every day and they see the Sunrise and Sunset and Moonrise and Moonset 15 times every day.

God knows the situation of humans who are travelling in Space and humans who have been on the Moon and humans who will be on Mars during Ramadan.

God understands that humans see the Moon rise and Moon set many times as they orbit the Earth in spacecraft.

God understands that humans standing on the Moon can see the Earth make a complete rotation over 24 hours if they are standing on the side of the Moon which always faces the Earth (the back side of the Moon never sees the Earth and the back side of the Moon cannot be seen from Earth).

God understands that humans standing on the side of the Moon which always faces towards the Earth always see the rotating Earth in one location in the black Moon sky.

The Moon sky is always black because the Moon has no atmosphere.

A person standing on the side of the Moon that always faces the Earth looking up at the Moon’s sky will see the Earth always located (sighted) in the same location in the black Moon sky.

However a person standing on the Earth looking up at the Earth’s sky sees the Moon moving from east to west across a blue sky for part of 12 hours in day-time and/or across a black sky for part of 12 hours at night-time on the Earth.

The Earth rotates every 24 hours so people standing on the Earth will see the Moon for 12 hours each day and/or night except for one day or more each month when during a new Moon the unaided human eye cannot see the small amount of light that is reflected by the side of the Moon that faces the Earth. At that time the back side (far side) of the Moon is in full sunlight.

The back side (far side) of the Moon was seen for the first time in 1379 AH (1959) when the Russia spacecraft Lunar 3 orbited the Moon and transmitted radio photos of the far side of the Moon.

The first humans to directly see the back of the Moon were the American crew of the Apollo 8 spacecraft who orbited around the Moon in 1388 AH (December 1968).

Seven months later America’s Apollo 11 spacecraft was sent to the Moon and they became the first humans to land on the Moon and to walk on the Moon in 1389 AH (20 July 1969).

 

The same side of the Moon always faces the Earth so for a person standing on the Moon looking up at the sky the Earth does not move across the Moon’s sky but the Earth is always seen (sighted) in the same location in the Moon’s sky where the Earth can be seen rotating one complete rotation every 24 hours.

God knows the situation of humans who will travel to the planet Mars.

In space, on the Moon and on Mars it makes sense for people to use their local time combined with the estimated Ramadan new Moon crescent sighting time in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

Humans in Space, humans on the Moon, humans on Mars and humans on the International Space Station can keep the tradition of sighting the Moon part of their Ramadan tradition by making two way radio communications with Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia and other parts of the Earth from Space to ask if the people have sighted or received a confirmed report of a sighting of the crescent of the new Moon.

Radio communications from the International Space Station to the Earth is available using Amateur Radio for friendship communications and this could be used to make two way radio communications with amateur radio stations in Saudi Arabia and other countries who could confirm the sighting of the Moon.

Space travellers are not required to fast because travellers are allowed to do their missed fast days later.

See The project to put the Torah on the Moon and Mars (Taurat on the Moon and Mars) and the Gospel on the Moon and Mars (Injil on the Moon and Mars) and the Quran on the Moon and Mars (Koran on the Moon and Mars), People on the Moon, People in Space, The International Space Station, Praying in Space and the exploration of Mars. https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran

 

 

7.9 When to look for the small crescent of the new Moon of Ramadan?

When to look for the small crescent of the new Moon of Eid ul-Fitr?

When to look for the small crescent of the new Moon of Eid ul-Fitri?

When to look for the small crescent of the new Moon of Eid al-Fitr?

When to look for the small crescent of the new Moon of Eid al-Fitri?

Estimated Ramadan starting dates world wide for 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028, 2029.

Estimated dates for the first Day of Ramadan world wide for 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028, 2029.

Estimated dates for the last Day of Ramadan world wide for 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028, 2029.

Estimated dates for the start of Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) world wide for 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, 2026, 2027, 2028, 2029.

 

 

8.  When is Ramadan 2011 (1432/1432 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2011 (1432/1432 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2011?      When is Ramadan 1432?     When is Ramadan 1432 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2011?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1432?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1432 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2011?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1432?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1432 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitri 2011?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1432?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1432 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitri 2011?    When is Eid al-Fitri 1432?     When is Eid al-Fitri 1432 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Monday 1 August 2011 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Sunday 31 July 2011 at sunset and ends on Monday 1 August 2011 at sunset if at the end of Sunday 31 July 2011 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.  

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Sunday 31 July 2011.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Monday 1 August 2011.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Monday 29 August 2011 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Monday 29 August 2011 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Monday 29 August 2011 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Tuesday 30 August 2011, it starts on Monday 29 August 2011 at sunset and ends on Tuesday 30 August 2011 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Monday 29 August 2011 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Tuesday 30 August 2011.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Tuesday 30 August 2011 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Monday 29 August 2011 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

9.  When is Ramadan 2012 (1433/1433 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2012 (1433/1433 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2012?      When is Ramadan 1433?     When is Ramadan 1433 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2012?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1433?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1433 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2012?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1433?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1433 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitri 2012?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1433?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1433 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitri 2012?    When is Eid al-Fitri 1433?     When is Eid al-Fitri 1433 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Friday 20 July 2012 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Thursday 19 July 2012 at sunset and ends on Friday 20 July 2012 at sunset if at the end of Thursday 19 July 2012 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Thursday 19 July 2012.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Friday 20 July 2012.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Saturday 18 August 2012 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Saturday 18 August 2012 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Saturday 18 August 2012 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Sunday 19 August 2012, it  starts on Saturday 18 August 2012 at sunset and ends on Sunday 19 August 2012 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Saturday 18 August 2012 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Sunday 19 August 2012.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Sunday 19 August 2012 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Saturday 18 August 2012 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

10.  When is Ramadan 2013 (1434/1434 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2013 (1434/1434 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2013?      When is Ramadan 1434?     When is Ramadan 1434 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2013?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1434?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1434 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2013?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1434?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1434 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitri 2013?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1434?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1434 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitri 2013?    When is Eid al-Fitri 1434?     When is Eid al-Fitri 1434 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Tuesday 9 July 2013 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Monday 8 July 2013 at sunset and ends on Tuesday 9 July 2013 at sunset if at the end of Monday 8 July 2013 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Monday 8 July 2013.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Tuesday 9 July 2013.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Wednesday 7 August 2013 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Wednesday 7 August 2013 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Wednesday 7 August 2013 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Thursday 8 August 2013, it  starts on Wednesday 7 August 2013 at sunset and ends on Thursday 8 August 2013 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Wednesday 7 August 2013 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Thursday 8 August 2013.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Thursday 8 August 2013 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Wednesday 7 August 2013 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

11.  When is Ramadan 2014 (1435/1435 AH).

 When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2014 (1435/1435 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2014?      When is Ramadan 1435?     When is Ramadan 1435 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2014?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1435?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1435 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2014?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1435?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1435 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitri 2014?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1435?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1435 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitri 2014?    When is Eid al-Fitri 1435?     When is Eid al-Fitri 1435 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Saturday 28 June 2014 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Friday 27 June 2014 at sunset and ends on Saturday 28 June 2014 at sunset if at the end of Friday 27 June 2014 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Friday 27 June 2014.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Saturday 28 June 2014.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Sunday 27 July 2014 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Sunday 27 July 2014 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Sunday 27 July 2014 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Monday 28 July 2014, it  starts on Sunday 27 July 2014 at sunset and ends on Monday 28 July 2014 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Sunday 27 July 2014 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Monday 28 July 2014.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Monday 28 July 2014 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Sunday 27 July 2014 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

12.  When is Ramadan 2015 (1436/1436 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2015 (1436/1436 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2015?      When is Ramadan 1436?     When is Ramadan 1436 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2015?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1436?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1436 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2015?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1436?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1436 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitri 2015?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1436?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1436 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitri 2015?    When is Eid al-Fitri 1436?     When is Eid al-Fitri 1436 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Thursday 18 June 2015 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Wednesday 17 June 2015 at sunset and ends on Thursday 18 June 2015 at sunset if at the end of Wednesday 17 June 2015 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Wednesday 17 June 2015.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Thursday 18 June 2015.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Thursday 16 July 2015 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Thursday 16 July 2015 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Thursday 16 July 2015 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Friday 17 July 2015, it  starts on Thursday 16 July 2015 at sunset and ends on Friday 17 July 2015 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Thursday 16 July 2015 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Friday 17 July 2015.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Friday 17 July 2015 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Thursday 16 July 2015 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

13.  When is Ramadan 2016 (1437/1437 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2016 (1437/1437 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2016?      When is Ramadan 1437?     When is Ramadan 1437 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2016?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1437?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1437 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2016?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1437?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1437 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitri 2016?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1437?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1437 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitri 2016?    When is Eid al-Fitri 1437?     When is Eid al-Fitri 1437 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Monday 6 June 2016 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Sunday 5 June 2016 at sunset and ends on Monday 6 June 2016 at sunset if at the end of Sunday 5 June 2016 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Sunday 5 June 2016.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Monday 6 June 2016.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Tuesday 5 July 2016 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Tuesday 5 July 2016 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Tuesday 5 July 2016 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Wednesday 6 July 2016, it  starts on Tuesday 5 July 2016 at sunset and ends on Wednesday 6 July 2016 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Tuesday 5 July 2016 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Wednesday 6 July 2016.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Wednesday 6 July 2016 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Tuesday 5 July 2016 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

14.  When is Ramadan 2017 (1438/1438 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2017 (1438/1438 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2017?      When is Ramadan 1438?     When is Ramadan 1438 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2017?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1438?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1438 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2017?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1438?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1438 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitri 2017?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1438?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1438 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitri 2017?    When is Eid al-Fitri 1438?     When is Eid al-Fitri 1438 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Saturday 27 May 2017 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Friday 26 May 2017 at sunset and ends on Saturday 27 May 2017 at sunset if at the end of Friday 26 May 2017 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Friday 26 May 2017.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Saturday 27 May 2017.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Saturday 24 June 2017 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Saturday 24 June 2017 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Saturday 24 June 2017 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Sunday 25 June 2017, it  starts on Saturday 24 June 2017 at sunset and ends on Sunday 25 June 2017 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Saturday 24 June 2017 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Sunday 25 June 2017.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Sunday 25 June 2017 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Saturday 24 June 2017 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

15.  When is Ramadan 2018 (1439/1439 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2018 (1439/1439 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2018?      When is Ramadan 1439?     When is Ramadan 1439 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2018?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1439?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1439 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2018?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1439?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1439 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitri 2018?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1439?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1439 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitri 2018?    When is Eid al-Fitri 1439?     When is Eid al-Fitri 1439 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Wednesday 16 May 2018 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Tuesday 15 May 2018 at sunset and ends on Wednesday 16 May 2018 at sunset if at the end of Tuesday 15 May 2018 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Tuesday 15 May 2018.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Wednesday 16 May 2018.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Thursday 14 June 2018 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Thursday 14 June 2018 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Thursday 14 June 2018 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Friday 15 June 2018, it  starts on Thursday 14 June 2018 at sunset and ends on Friday 15 June 2018 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Thursday 14 June 2018 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Friday 15 June 2018.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Friday 15 June 2018 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Thursday 14 June 2018 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

16.  When is Ramadan 2019 (1440/1440 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2019 (1440/1440 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2019?      When is Ramadan 1440?     When is Ramadan 1440 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2019?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1440?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1440 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2019?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1440?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1440 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitri 2019?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1440?    When is Eid ul-Fitri 1440 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitri 2019?    When is Eid al-Fitri 1440?     When is Eid al-Fitri 1440 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Monday 6 May 2019 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Sunday 5 May 2019 at sunset and ends on Monday 6 May 2019 at sunset if at the end of Sunday 5 May 2019 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Sunday 5 May 2019.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Monday 6 May 2019.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Monday 3 June 2019 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Monday 3 June 2019 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Monday 3 June 2019 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Tuesday 4 June 2019, it  starts on Monday 3 June 2019 at sunset and ends on Tuesday 4 June 2019 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Monday 3 June 2019 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Tuesday 4 June 2019.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Tuesday 4 June 2019 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Monday 3 June 2019 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

 

17. When is Ramadan 2020 (1441/1441 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2020 (1441/1441 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2020?      When is Ramadan 1441?     When is Ramadan 1441 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2020?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1441?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1441 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2020?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1441?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1441 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2020?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1441?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1441 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2020?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1441?      When is Eid al-Fitr 1441 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Friday 24 April 2020 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Thursday 23 April 2020 at sunset and ends on Friday 24 April 2020 at sunset if at the end of Thursday 23 April 2020 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Thursday 23 April 2020.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Friday 24 April 2020.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Saturday 23 May 2020 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Saturday 23 May 2020 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Saturday 23 May 2020 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Sunday 24 May 2020, it  starts on Saturday 23 May 2020 at sunset and ends on Sunday 24 May 2020 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Sunday 24 May 2020.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Sunday 24 May 2020 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Saturday 23 May 2020 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

 

18. When is Ramadan 2021 (1442/1442 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2021 (1442/1442 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2021?      When is Ramadan 1442?     When is Ramadan 1442 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2021?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1442?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1442 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2021?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1442?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1442 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2021?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1442?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1442 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2021?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1442?      When is Eid al-Fitr 1442 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Tuesday 13 April 2021 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Monday 12 April 2021 at sunset and ends on Tuesday 13 April 2021 at sunset if at the end of Monday 12 April 2021 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Monday 12 April 2021.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Tuesday 13 April 2021.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Wednesday 12 May 2021 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Wednesday 12 May 2021 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Wednesday 12 May 2021 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Thursday 13 May 2021, it  starts on Wednesday 12 May 2021 at sunset and ends on Thursday 13 May 2021 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Thursday 13 May 2021.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Thursday 13 May 2021 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Wednesday 12 May 2021 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

 

19. When is Ramadan 2022 (1443/1443 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2022 (1443/1443 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2022?      When is Ramadan 1443?     When is Ramadan 1443 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2022?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1443?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1443 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2022?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1443?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1443 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2022?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1443?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1443 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2022?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1443?      When is Eid al-Fitr 1443 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Saturday 2 April 2022 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Friday 1 April 2022 at sunset and ends on Saturday 2 April 2022 at sunset if at the end of Friday 1 April 2022 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Friday 1 April 2022.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Saturday 2 April 2022.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Sunday 1 May 2022 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Sunday 1 May 2022 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Sunday 1 May 2022 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Monday 2 May 2022, it  starts on Sunday 1 May 2022 at sunset and ends on Monday 2 May 2022 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Monday 2 May 2022.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Monday 2 May 2022 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Sunday 1 May 2022 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

 

20. When is Ramadan 2023 (1444/1444 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2023 (1444/1444 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2023?      When is Ramadan 1444?     When is Ramadan 1444 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2023?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1444?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1444 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2023?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1444?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1444 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2023?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1444?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1444 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2023?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1444?      When is Eid al-Fitr 1444 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Thursday 23 March 2023 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Wednesday 22 March 2023 at sunset and ends on Thursday 23 March 2023 at sunset if at the end of Wednesday 22 March 2023 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Wednesday 22 March 2023.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Thursday 23 March 2023.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Thursday 20 April 2023 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Thursday 20 April 2023 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Thursday 20 April 2023 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Friday 21 April 2023, it  starts on Thursday 20 April 2023 at sunset and ends on Friday 21 April 2023 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Friday 21 April 2023.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Friday 21 April 2023 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Thursday 20 April 2023 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

 

21. When is Ramadan 2024 (1445/1445 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2024 (1445/1445 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2024?      When is Ramadan 1445?     When is Ramadan 1445 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2024?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1445?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1445 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2024?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1445?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1445 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2024?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1445?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1445 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2024?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1445?      When is Eid al-Fitr 1445 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Monday 11 March 2024 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Sunday 10 March 2024 at sunset and ends on Monday 11 March 2024 at sunset if at the end of Sunday 10 March 2024 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Sunday 10 March 2024.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Monday 11 March 2024.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Tuesday 9 April 2024 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Tuesday 9 April 2024 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Tuesday 9 April 2024 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Wednesday 10 April 2024, it  starts on Tuesday 9 April 2024 at sunset and ends on Wednesday 10 April 2024 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Wednesday 10 April 2024.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Wednesday 10 April 2024 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Tuesday 9 April 2024 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

 

22. When is Ramadan 2025 (1446/1446 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2025 (1446/1446 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2025?      When is Ramadan 1446?     When is Ramadan 1446 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2025?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1446?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1446 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2025?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1446?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1446 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2025?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1446?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1446 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2025?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1446?      When is Eid al-Fitr 1446 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Saturday 1 March 2025 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Friday 28 Febuary 2025 at sunset and ends on Saturday 1 March 2025 at sunset if at the end of Friday 28 Febuary 2025 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Friday 28 Febuary 2025.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Saturday 1 March 2025.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Saturday 29 March 2025 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Saturday 29 March 2025 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Saturday 29 March 2025 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Sunday 30 March 2025, it  starts on Saturday 29 March 2025 at sunset and ends on Sunday 30 March 2025 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Sunday 30 March 2025.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Sunday 30 March 2025 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Saturday 29 March 2025 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

 

23. When is Ramadan 2026 (1447/1447 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2026 (1447/1447 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2026?      When is Ramadan 1447?     When is Ramadan 1447 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2026?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1447?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1447 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2026?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1447?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1447 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2026?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1447?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1447 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2026?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1447?      When is Eid al-Fitr 1447 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Wednesday 18 February 2026 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Tuesday 17 February 2026 at sunset and ends on Wednesday 18 February 2026 at sunset if at the end of Tuesday 17 February 2026 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Tuesday 17 February 2026.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Wednesday 18 February 2026.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Thursday 19 March 2026 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Thursday 19 March 2026 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Thursday 19 March 2026 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Friday 20 March 2026, it  starts on Thursday 19 March 2026 at sunset and ends on Friday 20 March 2026 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Friday 20 March 2026.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Friday 20 March 2026 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Thursday 19 March 2026 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

 

24. When is Ramadan 2027 (1448/1448 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2027 (1448/1448 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2027?      When is Ramadan 1448?     When is Ramadan 1448 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2027?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1448?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1448 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2027?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1448?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1448 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2027?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1448?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1448 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2027?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1448?      When is Eid al-Fitr 1448 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Monday 8 February 2027 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Sunday 7 February 2027 at sunset and ends on Monday 8 February 2027 at sunset if at the end of Sunday 7 February 2027 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Sunday 7 February 2027.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Monday 8 February 2027.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Monday 8 March 2027 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Monday 8 March 2027 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Monday 8 March 2027 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Tuesday 9 March 2027, it  starts on Monday 8 March 2027 at sunset and ends on Tuesday 9 March 2027 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Tuesday 9 March 2027.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Tuesday 9 March 2027 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Monday 8 March 2027 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

 

25. When is Ramadan 2028 (1449/1449 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2028 (1449/1449 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2028?      When is Ramadan 1449?     When is Ramadan 1449 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2028?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1449?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1449 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2028?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1449?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1449 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2028?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1449?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1449 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2028?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1449?      When is Eid al-Fitr 1449 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Friday 28 January 2028 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Thursday 27 January 2028 at sunset and ends on Friday 28 January 2028 at sunset if at the end of Thursday 27 January 2028 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Thursday 27 January 2028.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Friday 28 January 2028.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Friday 25 February 2028 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Friday 25 February 2028 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Friday 25 February 2028 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Saturday 26 February 2028, it  starts on Friday 25 February 2028 at sunset and ends on Saturday 26 February 2028 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Saturday 26 February 2028.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Saturday 26 February 2028 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Friday 25 February 2028 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

 

26. When is Ramadan 2029 (1450/1450 AH).

When is Eid ul-Fitr (Eid al-Fitr) 2029 (1450/1450 AH).

         When is Ramadan 2029?      When is Ramadan 1450?     When is Ramadan 1450 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2029?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1450?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1450 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2029?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1450?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1450 AH?

         When is Eid ul-Fitr 2029?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1450?     When is Eid ul-Fitr 1450 AH?

         When is Eid al-Fitr 2029?     When is Eid al-Fitr 1450?      When is Eid al-Fitr 1450 AH?

 

Use the following estimated Ramadan starting date for Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia in Somalia (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Congo Democratic Republic of, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus. Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, East Timor, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Korea North, Korea South, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Burma, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Palestine, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and The Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, UK, United States of America, US, USA, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vatican City, Holy See, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe) by looking for the first small crescent of the new Moon:

1. On the day before the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

2. On the day of the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah) and

3. On the day after the estimated date for Mecca (Makkah).

 

It is estimated that Ramadan starts on Tuesday 16 January 2029 in Mecca (Makkah), Saudi Arabia.

The first day of Ramadan starts on Monday 15 January 2029 at sunset and ends on Tuesday 16 January 2029 at sunset if at the end of Monday 15 January 2029 (which is at sunset) the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen in the western horizon soon after sunset showing the end of day 29 when the month of Sha'ban has 29 days or at the end of day 30 in those years when the month of Sha'ban has 30 days.

When the first small crescent of the new Moon cannot be seen after 29 days it means the month has 30 days.

The first day of Ramadan is indicated to have started after sunset when the first small crescent of the new Moon is sighted after 29 days indicating that the month of Sha'ban had 29 days and the first new day of Ramadan has started.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Sha'ban has 30 days and that the first day of Ramadan starts at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

It is estimated that the first Ramadan evening meal is after sunset on Monday 15 January 2029.

It is estimated that the first day of Ramadan fasting is between dawn and sunset on Tuesday 16 January 2029.

 

It is estimated that the last day of Ramadan is at the end of Tuesday 15 February 2029 at sunset.

The last day of Ramadan ends at sunset on Tuesday 15 February 2029 if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Tuesday 15 February 2029 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl)) is on Wednesday 14 February 2029, it  starts on Tuesday 15 February 2029 at sunset and ends on Wednesday 14 February 2029 at sunset.

The first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) starts at sunset at the end of the last day in the month of Ramadan at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

It is estimated that Eid ul-Fitr starts on Wednesday 14 February 2029.

Eid ul-Fitr daytime celebrations start on Wednesday 14 February 2029 on the first day of the month of Shawwal (Shawaal, Shawwāl) which is the first day after the end of the fasting month of Ramadan if the first small crescent of the new Moon is seen at the end of Tuesday 15 February 2029 soon after sunset or at the end of day 30 in the month of Ramadan in those years when the month of Ramadan has 30 days.

If no crescent of the new Moon was seen or reported by anyone after 29 days this indicates that the month of Ramadan has 30 days and that the last day of Ramadan ends at sunset after 30 days even if the Moon is still not visible at the end of day 30 soon after sunset.

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 Interpretations of the Quran (Al-Quran, Al Quran).

 

This is an interpretation of some of the meanings in the Quran. 
This is not a perfect translation of the Quran because the Quran is in the Arabic language. 
The Arabic language in the Quran must be understood as it was understood over 1400 years ago. 
God guides who He wills to the correct understanding of the Quran. 
In the English language the word Allah is God. 
Allah (God) is the creator of the Jews, Christians, Muslims and everyone and everything that exists.

 

Islam and the Quran chapter (sura, suraa, suraah, surah, suraat, surat), chapters (suras, suraas, suraahs, surahs, suraats, surats), verse (ayaah, aya, ayah, ayaahs, ayas, ayahs), verses (ayaas, ayaat, ayas, ayat), (ayaats, ayats), analysis, annotation, clarification, comment, commentary, elucidation, examination, explanation, foot note, interpretation, investigation, note, observation, remark, study, understanding, analyses, annotations, clarifications, comments, commentaries, elucidations, examinations, explanations, foot notes, interpretations, investigations, notes, observations, remarks, studies, understandings of Islam and the Quran (The Coran, Al-Coran, Al Coran, The Koran, Al-Koran, Al Koran, The Quran, Al Quran, Al-Quran, The Qur'an, Al-Qur'an, Al Qur'an, The Qur’ān, Al-Qur’ān, Al Qur’ān).

Hadith (Haadeeth, Haadiith, Haadith, Haadiths, Hadees, Hadeeth, Hadis). 

 

 

Forgive me for my errors, misinterpretations, misunderstands and omissions. 
Corrections and Questions are welcome and can be emailed to somaliahamradio@yahoo.com

 

 

Islam and the Quran index http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/index  

 

The Quran, Torah and Gospel on the Moon and Mars (home page) https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran