8. Quran chapter 8. Why did Prophet Muhammad flee Mecca?


                                                                           Updated. 
                                                               13 July 2015 (1436 AH).

 

INDEX:
The Quran chapter 8.

Why did Prophet Muhammad flee Mecca
?

Why did Prophet Muhammad flee Makah?

Why did Prophet Muhammad flee Makkah?

Why did Prophet Muhammad flee Makka?

See Quran 8:30


One thousand angels and three thousand angels and five thousand angels in the Koran.

One thousand angels and three thousand angels and five thousand angels in the Quran.

1000 angels and 3000 angels and 5000 angels in the Koran.

1000 angels and 3000 angels and 5000 angels in the Quran.

See Quran 8:9 comments

 

What happened to the Jewish tribes in Yathrib Arabia later Medina Arabia?

What happened to the Jewish tribes in Medina Arabia.

What happened to the Jewish tribes in Madinah Arabia.

What happened to Banu Qurayza (Qurayza, Banu Quraiza, Banu Qurayza, Banu Qurayzah, Banu Quraytha, Banu Koreiza, Bani Qurayza, Bani Quraiza, Bani Qurayza, Bani Qurayzah, Bani Quraythi, Bani Koreiza)?

What happened to the Jewish tribes in Arabia?

What happened to the Jews in Yathrib Medina Madinah?

What happened to the Jews in Arabia?

See Quran 8:25 comment

 

What was the problem between the stone idol worshippers in Mecca and the believers of God in Yathrib?

What was the problem between the stone idol worshippers in Makkah and the believers of God in Medina Madinah?

See Quran 8:34

 

Why does the Quran have abrogated verses that have been replaced by newer verses?

See Quran 8:66 comment.




Information: The Quran chapter 8.

Order of Revelation: 88 (1 is the first revelation and 114 is the last revelation).

Place of Revelation: Medina (Madinah, Arabia today Saudi Arabia).

Number of Verses: 75 verses.


The Quran.
Chapter 8. 
The Spoils of War (Al-Anfal).
English interpretations of the Quran.

The Quran
Chapter 8 The Spoils of War (Al-Anfaal, Al-Anfal, 'Anfaal, Booty, Spoils of War, The Bounties) in English.

Chapter : Verse.
(Information in brackets is added to assist readers in the interpretation of the verse).

Quran 8:0
Verse 8:0 In the name of God, The Most Kind, The Most Merciful.

Quran 8:1
Verse 8:1 They (the believers of Yathrib Arabia later Medina Arabia today Madinah Saudi Arabia who defeated the stone idol worshippers sent from Mecca Arabia today Makkah Saudi Arabia to the water well at Badr, south of Yathrib) ask you (Prophet Muhammad) about (the things taken from those who were defeated in the field of battle, things called) the spoils of war (also called booty). Say (to the believers), “The spoils of war belong to God (who places them where God wills) and the messenger (of God who divides the spoils of war according to God’s command) so keep your duty to God, reconcile your differences in this matter, and obey God and His (God’s) messenger, if you are believers (in God).”

Quran 8:2
Verse 8:2 The believers are only those whose hearts feel fear when God is mentioned and when His (God’s) revelations are recited to them they increase their faith and they are those who trust in their Lord (God), – (Continued Quran 8:3).

Quran 8:3
Verse 8:3 – And who establish regular prayers and spend (as charity) from that We (God) have given to them.

Quran 8:4
Verse 8:4 Those are the true believers. For them are grades (of honour or degree or rank in Paradise) with their Lord (God) and forgiveness and abundant provision.

Quran 8:5
 Verse 8:5 (The dislike of the news that the spoils of war belong to God who places them where God wills and belong to the messenger of God who divides them according to God’s command) is just like when your Lord (God) caused you (Prophet Muhammad) to go from your home with the Truth (from God to fight at the battle of Badr against the persecution of the believers in God by the stone idol worshippers of Mecca) while a party of the believers were unwilling (to fight the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Arabia today in Makkah Saudi Arabia). 

Comment 1. The battle of Badr was on the 17 Ramadan 2 AH, 17 March 624 CE, 17 March 624 AD.
In the battle of Badr the stone idol worshippers were sent from Mecca to fight the believers of God in Yathrib Arabia later known as Medina Arabia today in Madinah Saudi Arabia).
Comment 2. The battle of Badr was the first large scale battle between the stone idol worshipers of Mecca and the believers of God from Yathrib.

Quran 8:6
Verse 8:6 Disputing with you (Prophet Muhammad) about the Truth (of God’s command) after it had been made clear (to them) as if they were being pushed towards a death that they could see (was coming to them).

Quran 8:7
Verse 8:7 And when God promised you one of the two groups (either the caravan of merchandise that was coming from Syria to Mecca or the fighters coming from Mecca) you (the believers) wished that the unarmed (caravan of merchandise) might be yours. (But) God desired to show the truth of what He (God) had said by His (God’s) words and to defeat the disbelievers (the armed stone idol worshipping fighters coming from Mecca). –

Comment 1. See Quran 8:8 comment.

Quran 8:8
Verse 8:8 – So that He (God) might make clear the truth and show what was false, even if the guilty (the wrongdoers among the believers) disliked it. 

Comment
1. God commanded that the believers of God in Yathrib fight against the armed stone idol worshipping fighters coming from Mecca instead of fighting the lightly defended caravan of merchandise to show the believers that they could defeat the stone idol fighters from Mecca.

Quran 8:9
Verse 8:9 When you (Prophet Muhammad) asked for the help of your Lord (God), He (God) answered you (saying), “I (God) shall help you with a thousand from the angels one after another (in rows, each row containing one thousand angels sent from heaven to fight with you in the battle of Badr).”

Comment 1. All help comes from God.
God only gave the news that God shall help you with a thousand of the angels one after another in rows, each row containing one thousand angels as good news and so that your hearts might be at rest (Quran 8:10).

Quran 3:13 Verse 3:13 There has already been a sign (from God) for you in the two armies that met (the Muslims of Yathrib Arabia today Medina Madinah Saudi Arabia and the Stone worshippers of Mecca Arabia today Makkah Saudi Arabia, in the battle of Badr where) one was fighting in the cause of God and the other had no faith (in God). They (who had faith) saw with their own eyes that those (without faith) appeared to be fewer in number but they were really much larger in number. God supports with His (God’s) victory whom He (God) pleases. Surely, in this is a lesson for those who have eyes to see (and understand). (See Quran 8:44)

Quran 8:44 Verse 8:44 And (remember) when you met (the Stone idol worshipper’s army that had no faith in God on the Day of the battle of Badr), He (God) showed them to you as few in your eyes and He (God) made you appear as few in their eyes (so that both armies were not afraid of each other and they would continue with what each intended to do), so that God might accomplish what had been decreed (by God to test your faith in God). All things are decided by God..


Comment 2. One thousand angels and Three thousand angels and Five thousand angels in the Koran.

One thousand angels and Three thousand angels and Five thousand angels in the Quran.

1000 angels and 3000 angels and 5000 angels in the Koran.

1000 angels and 3000 angels and 5000 angels in the Quran.


Quran 3:123 Verse 3:123 God had given you victory at (the battle of) Badr (on the 17 Ramadan 2 AH, 17 March 624 CE, 17 March 624 AD), when you were helpless. So fear and obey God so that you might be grateful (for God’s favour to you).

 

Quran 3:124 Verse 3:124 (Remember) when you (Prophet Muhammad) said to the faithful, "Is it not enough for you that your Lord (God) should help you with three thousand angels (that God specially) sent down (from heaven to assist you in the battle of Badr)?"

Note 1. The Angels from heaven at the battle of Badr. 

Quran 8:9 Verse 8:9 When you (Prophet Muhammad) asked for the help of your Lord (God), He (God) answered you (saying), “I (God) shall help you with a thousand from the angels one after another (in rows, each row containing one thousand angels sent from heaven to fight with you in the battle of Badr).”

Note 2. God only gave the news that God shall help you with a thousand of the angels one after another in rows, each row containing one thousand angels as good news and so that your hearts might be at rest (Quran 8:10). 

 

Quran 3:125 Verse 3:125 "If (in the battle of Uhud 3 Shawwal 3 AH, 19 March 625 CE, 19 March 625 AD) you are steadfast and on your guard and even if the enemy (the Stone idol worshippers from Makkah) comes rushing at you your Lord (God) shall help you (not with three thousand angels but) with five thousand angels (who shall be) identified by the marks (described in Quran 8:12 that the angels shall inflict on the bodies of the enemy in the battlefield)."

Note 1. The support for the Muslims by the angels was stopped in the battle of Uhud because when the battle seemed to have been won by the Muslims the archers did not remain steadfast in their position as ordered in Quran 3:125 and they left their positions to collect war booty from the dead bodies of their enemies in the battlefield. Therefore God allowed the stone idol worshippers to send reinforcements into the battlefield through the undefended path which the Muslim archers had been ordered to defend but had abandoned because of their greed for wealth.

Note 2. God only gave the news that God shall help you with a thousand of the angels one after another in rows, each row containing one thousand angels as good news and so that your hearts might be at rest (Quran 8:10). 



Quran 8:10 Verse 8:10 God only gave it (the news that God shall help you with a thousand of the angels one after another in rows, each row containing one thousand angelsas good news and so that your hearts might be at rest. Victory only comes from the help of God. God is mighty and wise.


Comment 1. Angels who are under God’s command bring confidence to the heart of those who believe in God.


Quran 8:11 Verse 8:11 (Remember the night before the battle of Badr) when He (God) made you sleepy so that calm was on you as a reassurance from Him (God) and He (God) sent down water from the sky on you to clean you (of your sins) and (God) removed the evil (whispers) of Satan Shaitan from you and made your hearts strong and (your) feet firm.


Comment 1. All help comes from God.


Quran 8:12 Verse 8:12 When your Lord (God) inspired the angels, (saying to them), “I (God) am with you (God’s Angels) so make those who believe (of the humans) stand firm. I (God) shall throw fear into the hearts of those who disbelieve (among the stone idol worshippers that were sent from Mecca to Yathrib to oppose God and His messenger) so strike them (the stone idol worshippers, with hot rods) on the necks and on each fingertip.” – (Continued Quran 8:13) 


Comment 1. Angels who are under God’s command bring confidence to the heart of those who believe in God.


Comment 2. Evidence of angels on the battlefield.

Quran 8:12 Verse 8:12 When your Lord (God) inspired the angels, (saying to them), “I (God) am with you (God’s Angels) so make those who believe (of the humans) stand firm. I (God) shall throw fear into the hearts of those who disbelieve (among the stone idol worshippers that were sent from Mecca to Yathrib to oppose God and His messenger) so strike them (the stone idol worshippers, with hot rods) on the necks and on each fingertip.”

Note 1. Quran 3:125 Verse 3:125 "If (in the battle of Uhud 3 Shawwal 3 AH, 19 March 625 CE, 19 March 625 AD) you are steadfast and on your guard and even if the enemy (the Stone idol worshippers from Makkah) comes rushing at you your Lord (God) shall help you (not with three thousand angels but) with five thousand angels (who shall be) identified by the marks (described in Quran 8:12 that the angels shall inflict on the bodies of the enemy in the battlefield)."


Comment 3. Why did Prophet Muhammad flee Mecca?

Why did Prophet Muhammad flee Makkah?

Before the revelation of Quran 8:12 Prophet Muhammad escaped the assassination plot of the stone idol worshippers by secretly leaving his home at night in Mecca Arabia today Makkah Saudi Arabia and finding safety in Yathrib, Arabia later Medina Arabia today Madinah Saudi Arabia. Later the stone idol worshippers from Mecca travelled towards Yathrib and the first small fights resulted. 


Comment 4. The believers of God fled their homes in Mecca Makkah Arabia because of religious persecution and established new homes in the safety of Yathrib later called Medina Madinah. The believers of God in Yathrib talked about taking a Meccan caravan that was travelling with merchandise from Syria to Mecca Makkah. But instead of that God made God’s believers meet the fighters from Mecca Makkah that had been sent to protect the caravan. Those Meccan fighters had been ordered back to Mecca Makkah when the caravan was safe but the leader from Mecca Makkah was determined to continue to Yathrib. This would be the first large scale battle involving the believers of God in what is called the battle of Badr. 


Comment 5. God instructed God’s angels to intercede in the battle of Badr on the side of the believers of God to punish the stone idol worshippers. Angels who are under God’s command bring confidence to the heart of those who believe in God.


Comment 6. Quran 8:12 describes the punishment and the favours from God through God’s Angels at the battle of Badr.


Quran 8:13 Verse 8:13 That is because they (the stone idol worshippers sent from Mecca Makkah to fight the believers of God in Yathrib) opposed God and God’s messenger. Whoever opposes God and His (God’s) messenger, (shall find that) God is severe in punishment.


Quran 8:14 Verse 8:14 So (during the battle of Badr, the Angels sent by God were said to have used a hot rod to hit the stone idol fighters from Mecca Makkah, saying), “This is the punishment of fire (that is waiting in Hell) for those who oppose God.”


Quran 8:15 Verse 8:15 All you who believe (in God), when you meet those who disbelieve (the stone idol worshippers sent from Mecca Makkah to fight the believers of God in Yathrib) marching in battle, do not turn your backs to them (meaning, do not run away).”


Quran 8:16 Verse 8:16 Whoever on the day (of battle) turns their back to them (the stone idol worshippers sent from Mecca Makkah to fight the believers of God in Yathrib), unless maneuvering for battle or unless to join a company then that person has incurred the wrath from God (meaning, the anger from God), and their habitation shall be Hell (Fire in the Hereafter which is), an evil destination.


Quran 8:17 Verse 8:17 (At the battle of Badr) you (believers) did not kill them, but (it was) God who killed them (the stone idol worshippers who had been sent from Mecca Makkah to fight the believers of God in Yathrib). And you (Prophet Muhammad) did not throw when you threw (the hand full of sand that briefly blinded the fighters of the stone idol worshippers) but it was God who threw so that He (God) might test the believers in a good test from Him (God, so that the believers might be thankful for God’s favour to them). God is all hearing and all knowing.


Quran 8:18 Verse 8:18 So know that it is God who makes weak the plan of the disbelievers (the stone idol worshippers sent from Mecca Arabia today Makkah Saudi Arabia to fight the believers of God in Yathrib Arabia later Medina Arabia today Madinah Saudi Arabia).


Quran 8:19 Verse 8:19 If you (the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah) looked for a judgment (from God in whom you disbelieve), now the judgment has come to you (by your defeat at the battle of Badr). If you stop (persecuting the believers of God) it shall be better for you (the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah) but if you return (to fight, then) We (God) shall also return (to fight). Your forces shall be of no help to you no matter how many it may be. Know that God is with those that believe (in God’s Guidance).


Quran 8:20 Verse 8:20 All you who believe (in God), Obey God and His (God’s) messenger and do not turn away from him when you hear (God’s messenger speak).


Quran 8:21 Verse 8:21 Do not be like those (hypocrites) who say, “we hear but they do not hear.”


Comment 1. A hypocrite will say one thing but believes in another thing.


Quran 8:22 Verse 8:22 The worst of creatures in the sight of God are the deaf (those that do not listen to God and God’s messenger with understanding) and the dumb (those that do not speak with understanding about God and God’s messenger and) who do not use reasoning (which is the gift given to humans and jinn by God).


Quran 8:23 Verse 8:23 Had God known that there was any good (meaning, any righteousness) in them then He (God) would have made them hear (so that they understood the truth) but had He (God) made them hear they would have turned away, in dislike (of what they heard, in denial of the truth).


Quran 8:24 Verse 8:24 All you who believe (in God), Obey God and the messenger when he (Prophet Muhammad) calls you to that which gives you life (which is God your creator), and know that God comes between a person and their heart (meaning that what God calls you to do can be different to what you might want to do), and that it is to Him (God) to whom you shall be gathered (on the day of Judgement).


Quran 8:25 Verse 8:25 And fear the trial (test) that affects everyone (in a human community), not only the wrong-doers (but also the righteous) and know that God is severe in punishment. 


Comment 1. Can a trial that effects everyone be avoided?

It has been said that the way to avoid such a trial is to stand against the evil that would cause such a trial to fall on everyone.

One example is shown in the different results that came by either supporting or opposing the evil of treachery against the prophet of God in Yathrib.


In Yathrib lived both the Muslim community and several Jewish tribes.

The different Jewish tribes in Yathrib were not united in defending all the people in Yathrib whenever the town was threatened by the forces of the stone idol worshippers from Mecca Makkah.

Time after time, one Jewish tribe and later another one and later still another one showed treachery towards the safety of Yathrib by changing their support from the Muslims in Yathrib and supporting the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah.

Each Jewish tribe in Yathrib acted in its own interest.


The Jewish tribes in Yathrib were unable to cut their long existing social and economic relationship with the idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah even though they saw the punishment that was resulting as Jewish tribe after Jewish tribe was being punished each time they betrayed the security of Yathrib by their support of the idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah.  

The result was a trial that fell on everyone both the good people and the bad people that would finally result after the death of Prophet Muhammad in the expulsion of the Jews from Arabia today Saudi Arabia.


Quran 8:61 Verse 8:61 And if they (the Jewish tribe of Banu Qurayza, the stone idol worshippers from Mecca Makkah) incline to peace, then you also incline to peace and trust in God. He (God) is the (all) hearing and the (all) knowing.

Note 1. Had one Jewish tribe in Yathrib respected their relationship with the Muslim community and protected the security and defence of Yathrib above their relationship with the stone idol worshippers then a different history would have been written as is indicated in Quran 8:61.


See Quran 8:56 comments and 8:61 comments.


1a. Today there is no reason why humans cannot learn from history and come together in peace if God wills.

Video: Muslims and Jews promote peace between Palestinian and Israeli brothers in English, Arabic, Hebrew and Portuguese 
In English. Arab and Hebrew brothers. Muslim and Jewish brothers. Palestinian and Israeli brothers. 2 Boys English version 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Etmw9ldAaU 
http://creatorrepublic.com/users/thefundforrtp/posts/2-boys-english-version
In Arabic. Arab and Hebrew brothers. Muslim and Jewish brothers. Palestinian and Israeli brothers. 2 Boys Arabic version 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JTzGML_QOvg
http://youtu.be/tckDlz2jMzw
http://creatorrepublic.com/users/thefundforrtp/posts/2-boys-arabic-version  
In Hebrew. Arab and Hebrew brothers. Muslim and Jewish brothers. Palestinian and Israeli brothers. 2 Boys Hebrew version 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DcmdoerlLGQ
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uwIyhgsd5to
http://creatorrepublic.com/users/thefundforrtp/posts/2-boys-hebrew-version 
In Portuguese. Arab and Hebrew brothers. Muslim and Jewish brothers. Palestinian and Israeli brothers. 2 Boys Portuguese version 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ECEPKgI7kbY
http://creatorrepublic.com/users/thefundforrtp/posts/2-boys-portuguese-version

1b.
The history of Muslims and Jews in Yathrib Arabia and the stone idol worshippers in Makkah.
Prophet Muhammad brought the laws of God into focus with new Muslims whose main concern was God and doing what was legally correct while the Jewish tribes were more attached to their old relationship with the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah.
The different Jewish tribes in Yathrib had long existed in a social and economic relation with the idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah before the arrival of Prophet Muhammad.

The Muslims of Yathrib had trusted the Jews in Yathrib as brothers in the religion of God however the different Jewish tribes in Yathrib were unable to make their belief in God and their relationship with the new Muslim believers more important than their old social and economic ties with the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah who had long been their source of customers and wealth and relationship.

The failure of lenient punishment on Jewish tribes was a lesson to Prophet Muhammad that can be understood in the following revelations:

Quran 8:27
Verse 8:27 All you who believe, Do not be disloyal to God and His (God’s) messenger, nor knowingly betray the trusts (in religion) that have been given to you (while you know the consequences of such betrayal).

Quran 8:56
Verse 8:56 The ones (the different tribes of Jews in Yathrib) with whom you make a treaty (of mutual support and protection for both the Muslims and the Jews of Yathrib) and they (the Jews of Yathrib) break the treaty every time and they have no fear (of God in their treachery).

Quran 8:57 Verse 8:57
If you meet them (those who break their treaties) in war, then deal with them (those who have broken the treaty) so that others shall remember and be deterred from following them (meaning, so that others are deterred from breaking their agreements with you).

Quran 8:58
Verse 8:58 And if you fear treachery from any people then be fair (be just) to them by telling them that they have broken the treaty (so there is no treaty between you). God does not love those that are treacherous (meaning God does not love those that do not keep their word, their promises, their agreements and their treaty). 
Note 1. God does not love the people who do not keep their promises.

Quran 8:71
But if they intend to betray you (Prophet Muhammad) then (know that) they already betrayed God before. So He (God) gave (you, Prophet Muhammad) power over them. God is all knowing and all wise).
Note 1. Those who betrayed or were disloyal to Prophet Muhammad had betrayed God by deserting their belief in God.

1c. Why did God forgive the Children of Israel for breaking their covenant with God?
God forgives humans.

Quran 5:71 Verse 5:71 They (the Children of Israel) thought there would be no punishment (for breaking the covenant with God by not heeding, listening, believing, and accepting God’s messengers such as Prophet Jesus Isa who called for righteousness and forbade evil) so they became blind and deaf (to their agreement with God) and afterward God turned (in mercy) and forgave them (the Children of Israel because a new generation does not carry the sin of past generations and because no person carries the sin that was committed by another person). Now many of them (the Children of Israel who are the Jews of Yathrib Arabia) are again blind and deaf (to their agreement with God by not heeding, listening, believing, and accepting God’s message through Prophet Muhammad to do what is good and reject what is bad). God sees what they do.

Note 1. God is the most merciful and the most forgiving.
Note 2. Whenever the children of Israel repented God forgave them because God is the most merciful and the most forgiving.
Note 3. Sins from evil deeds that were done by earlier generations is not passed on to the souls of a new generation of the children of Israel.
Note 4. Sins from evil deeds that were done by earlier generations is not passed on to the souls of a new generation of humans.

1d. Why did God order Muslims to forgive the Children of Israel?
Humans who forgive humans follow in the way of God.
Quran 5:13 Verse 5:13 "... You shall not cease to discover treachery from them (dishonesty from their words) except for a few of them (who are honest in their word). Even though they (many among the Jews of Arabia) do that (treachery against you), (you should) pardon (forgive) their bad deeds and forgive them. God loves those who do good (deeds to other people).
Note 1. God is the most merciful and the most forgiving.
Note 2. God teaches humans to follow the example of God to be merciful and forgiving.
God teaches humans to follow the way of God to be merciful and forgiving.
God teaches humans to follow the path of God to be merciful and forgiving.
God teaches humans to follow the cause of God to be merciful and forgiving.

1e. Why are the children of Israel of today innocent of the sins of past generations of the children of Israel
Why are the Jews of today innocent of the sins of past Jewish generations? 
Why are the Christians of today innocent of the sins of past Christian generations? 
Why are the Muslims of today innocent of the sins of past Muslim generations? 
Why are the people of today innocent of the sins of the people of past generations? 

Quran 6:164 Verse 6:164 Say, “Shall I (Prophet Muhammad) seek someone other than God for (my) Lord, when He (God) is Lord of all things? Each soul earns no blame (for sin) except against itself and no bearer (of the blame of sin) shall bear the burden (of the blame of sin) of another (soul). Then (in the hereafter) to your Lord (God) you shall return and He (God) shall tell you about what you used to dispute (among each other regarding religion).  

Note 1. Each soul earns the sins that are made by the person that possesses it. A soul does not earn any sin that is made by another person (Quran 6:164).


Quran 8:26 Verse 8:26 And remember when there were few of you (who believed in God) and you were oppressed in the land (in Mecca Arabia today Makkah Saudi Arabia) and you were in fear in case people (the stone idol worshippers in Mecca) might take you (by force because of your belief in God) and how He (God) gave you (safe) refuge and strengthened you with His (God’s) help, and gave you good things to sustain you so that you might be thankful.


Comment 1. The persecution of Muslims in Mecca Makkah because of their religion.

The persecution of Muslims in Mecca Makkah because of their belief in God.


Quran 8:27 Verse 8:27 All you who believe, Do not be disloyal to God and His (God’s) messenger, nor knowingly betray the trusts (in religion) that have been given to you (while you know the consequences of such betrayal).


Comment 1.  Relations between Muslims, Christians, Jews and stone idol worshippers.

Quran 5:51 Verse 5:51 All you (the Muslims of Yathrib) who believe, do not take the Jews (meaning those who are hypocrites among the Jews of Yathrib and Khyber and Fadak and Wadi-ul-Qura in Arabia today in Saudi Arabia) and Christians (meaning those who are hypocrites among the Christians of Yathrib such as the priest Abu Amir ar- Rahib in Yathrib Arabia) as guardians (with whom you can confide and trust like a close friend). Some among them are guardians (and confidants) to some others (meaning some among the Jews in Yathrib who are hypocrites pass on what you say to the stone idol worshippers and some among the Christians who are hypocrites such as Abu Amir ar- Rahib in Yathrib are asking the Eastern Roman Empire Christian Byzantine Army to fight Prophet Muhammad in Arabia. Prophet Muhammad would lead a Muslim force to stop the Byzantine Army at Tabouk, Arabia but the Byzantine Army was not found in Tabouk. However that warning prepared the Muslims to secure their presence in Arabia). Whoever among you takes them for guardians (and confidants) will eventually become one of them (hypocrites who say they believe in God but they do not believe and they will be counted among the disbelievers in the Hereafter). God does not (correctly) guide the wrong doers.


See 1. VIDEO explaining Quran 5:51 Verse 5:51 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cnQvbnni_fg


Quran 5:57 Verse 5:57 All you (Muslims) who have faith (in God), do not take as guardians (with whom you can confide and trust like a close friend) those who mock and make fun of your religion from among those who received the Scripture before you (the Jews of Yathrib and the Christians) and from among those who disbelieve (in God, such as the stone idol worshippers in Arabia); and fear God if you truly believe.

Note 1. Quran 5:57 applies to those who are disrespectful among the Jews and Christians and stone idol worshippers.

Note 2. Quran 5:57 does not apply to those who are sincere and respectful among the Jews and Christians and stone idol worshippers.

1400 years ago Muslims made peace treaties with Jews and Christians and stone idol worshippers.


Quran 8:28 Verse 8:28 And know that (all) your possessions and your children are a test (from God that distract you from the concerns of the Hereafter) and that with God is a great reward (in the Hereafter, so do not become a loser in the Hereafter by forgetting your duty to God and using evil ways to preserve your wealth and your children).


Quran 8:29 Verse 8:29 All you who believe, If you keep your duty to God, He (God) shall give you a criterion (such as the Quran to correctly judge between right and wrong) and (in the Hereafter, God) shall remove your bad deeds and forgive you (of your sins). God is the Lord of infinite bounty.


Comment 1.  The way of God teaches humans to forgive humans.

The path of God teaches humans to forgive humans.

The cause of God teaches humans to forgive humans.


Quran 8:30 Verse 8:30 Remember when those who disbelieved (in God) plotted (at the meeting of the chiefs in the idol worshipper council in Mecca Makkah) against you (Prophet Muhammad, about whether) to restrain you or to kill you or to evict you (from Mecca Makkah), they made (their) plans but God also planed (by commanding you Prophet Muhammad to leave Mecca Makkah) and God is the best of planners. 


Comment 1. Why did Prophet Muhammad flee Mecca?

Why did Prophet Muhammad flee Makkah?

Those among the believers of God who had the ability to leave their homes in Mecca Arabia today Makkah Saudi Arabia did so because of religious persecution and they established new homes in the safety of Yathrib later called Medina Arabia today Madinah Saudi Arabia. 


Prophet Muhammad escaped the assassination plot of the stone idol worshippers by secretly leaving his home at night in Mecca Arabia and finding safety in Yathrib, Arabia. 

Quran 8:30 reveals why Prophet Muhammad had to leave his home in Mecca Arabia to find safety in Yathrib Arabia.


Comment 2. Quran 3:54 Verse 3:54 And they (those who disbelieved Prophet Jesus Isa) plotted (to kill Prophet Jesus Isa) but God also (had God’s) plan. And God is the best of the planners.


Note 1. Did Jesus Isa die on the cross or not? See Quran 4:157 Verse 4:157 comment

god/verse http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-chapter-4-did-jesus-die-on-the-cross-or-not

4a allah/verse http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-chapter-4-did-isa-die-on-the-cross-or-not  

4b allah/ayah http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-surah-4-did-isa-die-on-the-cross-or-not  

4c allaah/verse http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-chapter-4-did-isa-die-on-the-cross-or-not-a   

4d allaah/ayah http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-surah-4-did-isa-die-on-the-cross-or-not-a  


Quran 8:31 Verse 8:31 And when Our (God’s) revelations are recited to them (the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah) they say, “We have heard (this before) and if we wished we could speak like you speak, this is nothing but the stories from people from the past.”


Comment 1. How could the stone idol worshippers have already heard the stories of the Quran? 

Quran 26:196 Verse 26:196 It (the revelations from God in the Quran) is (also) in the Scriptures of the people of the past (in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil). 

Quran 41:43 Verse 41:43 Nothing is said (by God) to you (Prophet Muhammad) except what has already been said to the messengers before you. Your Lord (God) is the possessor of forgiveness and severe punishment.


See 1. The Torah, Gospel and Koran are from God.

The Taurat, Injil and Quran are from God.

If the Torah Taurat is not protected then in the hereafter Jews could say they were misled by a Book that was not protected.

If the Gospel Injil is not protected then in the hereafter Christians could say they were misled by a Book that was not protected.

If the Koran Quran is not protected then in the hereafter Muslims could say they were misled by a Book that was not protected.

The Torah, Gospel and Quran are from one God.

The Taurat, Injil and Quran are from one God.

God protects all his books so in the hereafter no Jew or Christian or Muslim can say their Book misled them.

318 English https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/torah-gospel-quran-are-from-one-god   

318A Arabic https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/torah-gospel-quran-are-from-one-allah    

318B Arabic https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/taurat-injil-quran-are-from-one-allaah  


Quran 8:32 Verse 8:32 And they (the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah) said, “O God, If this is the truth from you then rain down stones on us or bring on us some painful punishment.”


Quran 8:33 Verse 8:33 But God would not punish them (the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah) while you (Prophet Muhammad) were with them, nor shall He (God) punish them while they (might) seek forgiveness.


Comment 1. Why is the life of a disbeliever very important?

God gives every human a life time to discover the meaning of life.

The life of a disbeliever is very important because the disbeliever is given a life time to discover the purpose of life.

God forgives every sin including the sin of idol worship if humans ask for God’s forgiveness.

In Islam this life is very important because this life determines what shall happen in the hereafter.

The life of a disbeliever is very important because while they have life they have the chance to find correct guidance.


Comment 2. God offers forgiveness to disbelievers who plotted to kill the messenger of God.

In Quran 8:33 God tells us God is ready to forgive even the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah if they ask for God’s forgiveness. 

This forgiveness from God is revealed even after the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah discussed killing God’s Prophet Muhammad.

God loves the disbelievers because God is ready to forgive them.

Evil are those people who celebrate the killing of humans when God has given all humans a lifetime in which to discover God and then to ask God to forgive them. 


Comment 3. God is ready to forgive every sin because only those who believe in God would ask God for forgiveness. 

When you ask God for forgiveness it is a sign of belief in God.

The life of every disbeliever is very important because God is ready to forgive every human.


Quran 8:34 Verse 8:34 What (excuse) have they (the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah) that God should not punish them when they prohibit (to the believers of God access) to the sacred Mosque (the Kabah in Mecca Makkah), while they (the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah) are not fit to be its guardians. Its fitting guardians are only those who keep their duty to God. But most of them (the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah) do not know (this, meaning they do not understand this). 


Comment 1. Quran 8:34 describes how prohibiting the Muslims access to their place of worship at the Kabah in Mecca Arabia today in Makkah Saudi Arabia was a source of conflict between the Muslims and the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah.

The Kabah was used by the stone idol worshippers for stone idol worship.


Quran 8:35 Verse 8:35 And their (stone idol) worship at the (sacred) House (the Kabah in Mecca Makkah) is nothing but whistling and hand clapping. Therefore (it shall be said to the stone idol worshippers in the Hereafter), “Taste the punishment (in Hell fire) because you disbelieved (in God).”

Note 1. Quran 17:60 Verse 17:60 “.... We (God) warn (people to do what is good and avoid what is evil) and make them afraid (of God by describing the home for evil doers in Hell Fire in the Hereafter) but it only increases them (some of the humans) in nothing but greater disobedience against God (and the commandment to do what is good and avoid what is evil). 


Quran 8:36 Verse 8:36 Those (stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah) who disbelieve (in God) spend their wealth in order that they may prohibit (people) from the path of God (by prohibiting access to God’s sacred House of worship at the Kabah in Mecca Makkah). They shall spend it (their wealth against God) but it shall become a (source of) regret for them (because they shall have spent their wealth without achieving their purpose) and they shall be overcome (defeated). And those who disbelieved shall be gathered together to Hell (in the Hereafter). 


Comment 1. Quran 8:36 describes the prohibition by the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah to the worship of God.


Quran 8:37 Verse 8:37 God shall separate the wicked (people) from the good and link the wicked (people) together and put them in Hell. Those (wicked people) are the losers (in the Hereafter).


Quran 8:38 Verse 8:38 Say to those (stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah) who disbelieve that if they stop (persecuting Muslims only because Muslims believe in God and not in stone idols) than what has happened in the past shall be forgiven but if they continue (persecuting Muslims only because Muslims believe in God and not in stone idols) then they (the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah) should remember what happened to the people of the past (generations of stone idol worshippers who fought the believers of God as is described in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil and the Koran Quran). 


Comment 1. Quran 8:38 is an offer from God to forgive what the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah had done in the past if they stop their persecution of the believers of God.


Comment 2. Quran 8:38 reminds the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah what happened to the stone idol worshippers of the past who had fought against the believers in God.


Comment 3. Why do the Torah and Gospel and Quran contain the stories of the past?

Why do the Taurat and Injil and Quran contain the stories of the past?

Quran 26:196 Verse 26:196 It (the revelations from God in the Quran) is (also) in the Scriptures of the people of the past (in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil). 

Quran 41:43 Verse 41:43 Nothing is said (by God) to you (Prophet Muhammad) except what has already been said to the messengers before you. Your Lord (God) is the possessor of forgiveness and severe punishment.


See 1. The Torah, Gospel and Koran are from God.

The Taurat, Injil and Quran are from God.

If the Torah Taurat is not protected then in the hereafter Jews could say they were misled by a Book that was not protected.

If the Gospel Injil is not protected then in the hereafter Christians could say they were misled by a Book that was not protected.

If the Koran Quran is not protected then in the hereafter Muslims could say they were misled by a Book that was not protected.

The Torah, Gospel and Quran are from one God.

The Taurat, Injil and Quran are from one God.

God protects all his books so in the hereafter no Jew or Christian or Muslim can say their Book misled them.

318 English https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/torah-gospel-quran-are-from-one-god   

318A Arabic https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/torah-gospel-quran-are-from-one-allah    

318B Arabic https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/taurat-injil-quran-are-from-one-allaah  


Quran 8:39 Verse 8:39 So fight them (the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah) until the persecution (of Muslims) stops and the religion is all for God (so that people are guided to goodness and not guided to the evil of stone idol worship) but if they (the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah) stop (fighting), then God sees what they do (meaning if they are not sincere when they stop fighting you and they offer to make peace then you also must stop fighting and make peace and put your trust in God who is your protector. When a people stop fighting against Muslims then Muslims must stop fighting see Quran 2:192  2:193).


Comment 1. When fighting stops so that peace can start you must stop fighting and start peace.


Quran 2:191 Verse 2:191 And (you can) kill them (those who fight you in battle) wherever you find them (fighting you) and drive them out from where they drove you out (to reclaim your territory) because to be persecuted (by the stone idol worshippers in Makkah) is worse than being killed (because God loves those who defend themselves against the persecution of their religion) but do not fight them at the Holy Mosque inside Makkah unless they fight you there first. If they (the stone idol worshippers in Makkah) attack you (there first) then you can kill them (there in battle).This is the result for those without faith in God (if they fight against Muslims without a just cause).


Quran 2:192 Verse 2:192 But if they (the stone idol worshippers in Makkah) cease (stop fighting), (then you stop fighting) God is most forgiving and Most Merciful.

Note 1. When fighting against the persecution of religion stop fighting when your opponent stops fighting.

Note 2. In war and in peace be forgiving and merciful because that is the example of God. 

In war and in peace be forgiving and merciful because that is the way of God.


Quran 2:193 Verse 2:193 And fight them (the stone idol worshippers in Makkah) until there is no more persecution (of Muslims) and the religion is for God (so that people are guided to goodness and not guided to the evil of stone idol worship)But if they (the stone idol worshippers in Makkah) cease (stop fighting) then you stop fighting except against  (continuing) wrongdoers.

Note 1. 1400 years ago God established the religion of Islam and removed the persecution against Muslims by the stone idol worshippers in Makkah.

Note 2. When fighting against the persecution of religion stop fighting when your opponent stops fighting.

1400 years ago the stone idol worshippers in Makkah surrendered without a fight to the Muslims of Yathrib.

The Muslims of Yathrib forgave the stone idol worshippers in Makkah except a few who did not want forgiveness and did not ask for forgiveness.


Comment 2. When does God not support Muslims?

Quran 2:190 Verse 2:190 And fight in the cause of God (the cause of righteousness and not for your own selfish causes) ..."

Quran 2:190 Verse 2:190 "... do not go over the legal limits (that God has imposed on you). ..."

Quran 2:190 Verse 2:190 "... God does not like people who make actions that He (God) has made illegal (it is illegal to kill people who are not fighting such as women and children). 

Quran 9.36 Verse 9.36 "... know that God is with those who restrain themselves (from going over the legal limits allowed by God during war, for example it is illegal to kill people who are not fighting such as women and children).

Note 1. In Islam it is a crime to fight people who refuse to fight you. 

Note 2. In Islam it is a crime to fight people who are not fighting you. 

Note 3. In Islam it is a crime to fight people who have surrendered to you. 

Note 4. In Islam it is a blessing to you when you forgive a person who asks for forgiveness. 

Note 5. In Islam it is a blessing to you when you forgive a person who has not asked for forgiveness. 

Note 6. In Islam the saving of one life is like saving the whole world in the sight of God.


Quran 8:40 Verse 8:40 And if they (the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah Arabia) turn away (by rejecting Quran 8:38 and continue to persecute Muslims) then know that God is your protector, the best protector and the best helper.


Comment 1. Quran 8:40 is about the possibility of the rejection of the forgiveness that is offered by God to the stone idol worshippers in Quran 8:38.

Quran 8:38 Verse 8:38 Say to those (stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah) who disbelieve that if they stop (persecuting Muslims only because Muslims believe in God and not in stone idols) than what has happened in the past shall be forgiven but if they continue (persecuting Muslims only because Muslims believe in God and not in stone idols) then they (the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah) should remember what happened to the people of the past (generations of stone idol worshippers who fought the believers of God as is described in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil and the Koran Quran). 


Quran 8:41 Verse 8:41 And know that whatever you take as spoils of war (meaning, whatever you get hold of in war), a fifth of it is for God and for the messenger (of God) and for the near relatives (who are in need) and the orphans and the needy and the traveler (who is in need), if you believe in God and what We (God) revealed to Our (God’s) servants on the Day of the Test, the day when the two armies (the stone idol worshipper Army from Mecca Makkah and the Army of the believers of God from Yathrib) met (at the battle of Badr). God is able to do all things.


Quran 8:42 Verse 8:42 Remember (in the battle of Badr) when you were on the near side (of the valley, the side nearest to Yathrib) and they (the forces of the stone idol worshippers from Mecca Makkah) were on the other side (of the valley) and their caravan was below you (on the coastal plain). If you had made an appointment to meet each other you would have failed to keep that appointment (because one would have been afraid of the other), but (both your forces met so) that God might accomplish a matter that was determined (by God) so that those who died (and disbelieved in God) might die after evidence (that God was supporting the believers from Yathrib against the disbelievers from Mecca Makkah) and those who lived (with faith) might survive after that evidence (of their faith was established). God hears and knows (all things).


Quran 8:43 Verse 8:43 Remember when God showed them (the army of the stone idol worshippers from Mecca Makkah) to you (Prophet Muhammad) in your dream as few in number? If He (God) had shown them (the army of the stone idol worshippers from Mecca Makkah) to you as many (in number), then you (the believers of God) would have hesitated and you would have argued over the matter (of fighting them). But God saved (you from making the wrong decision). He (God) knows what is in the heart (meaning, God knows what you think and what you feel).


Quran 8:44 Verse 8:44 And (remember) when you met (the Stone idol worshipper’s army that had no faith in God on the Day of the battle of Badr), He (God) showed them to you as few in your eyes and He (God) made you appear as few in their eyes (so that both armies were not afraid of each other and they would continue with what each intended to do), so that God might accomplish what had been decreed (by God to test your faith in God). All things are decided by God..


Note 1. Quran 3:13 Verse 3:13 There has already been a sign (from God) for you in the two armies that met (the Muslims of Yathrib Arabia today Medina Madinah Saudi Arabia and the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Arabia today Makkah Saudi Arabia, in the battle of Badr where) one was fighting in the cause of God and the other had no faith (in God). They (who had faith) saw with their own eyes that those (without faith) appeared to be fewer in number but they were really much larger in number. God supports with His (God’s) victory whom He (God) pleases. Surely, in this is a lesson for those who have eyes to see (and understand).


Quran 8:45 Verse 8:45 All you who believe, When you meet an army (of the stone idol worshippers from Mecca Makkah), hold firm and think greatly of God so that you may be successful. – (Continued in Quran 8:46)


Quran 8:46 Verse 8:46 – And obey God and His (God’s) messenger, and do not dispute with each another in case you hesitate and your strength (of purpose) departs from you. Be steadfast (meaning be firm in your purpose). God is with (those people that are) the steadfast.


Quran 8:47 Verse 8:47 Do not be like those who came out from their homes (in Mecca Makkah) to fight in the battle of Badr who disobeyed orders from Mecca Makkah to return to Mecca Makkah and who talked) boastfully so that they are seen by people, and (are among those who) prohibit (people) from the (correct) way of God (by persecuting anyone who believes in God) while God is surrounding (meaning, while God knows) everything that they do.


Quran 8:48 Verse 8:48 And when Satan Shaitan made their (evil) deeds seem good to them (the stone idol worshippers from Mecca Makkah) and said “No humans can conquer you on this day (in the battle of Badr) because I (Satan Shaitan) am your protector.” But when the armies came in sight of one another, he (Satan Shaitan) ran away, saying, “I have nothing to do with you because I see what you cannot see. I (Satan) fear God. God is severe in punishment. 


Comment 1. Satan ran away when he saw the punishment of God coming in the form of Angels at the battle of Badr.


Quran 8:49 Verse 8:49 When the hypocrites (the ones they say they believe in God but in their heart they really do not believe in God) and those in whose hearts is a disease (of disbelief in God such as the stone idol worshippers from Makkah) said (about the Muslims), “Their religion (of God) has deceived them.” But (they are wrong because) whoever places their trust in God shall find that God is mighty and wise.


Quran 8:50 Verse 8:50 If you could have seen when the angels (with hot iron rods) took the souls of those who disbelieved (among the stone idol worshippers from Makkah at the battle of Badr), striking their faces and their backs and (saying), “Taste the punishment of the burning (from our hot iron rods).” – (Continued in Quran 8:51).


Comment 1. Quran 8:50 is a punishment in this world.


Comment 2. Quran 46:34 is a punishment in the Hereafter.

It shall be said on the Day of Judgement taste the punishment of Hell Jahannam in which you disbelieved.

Quran 46:34 Verse 46:34 And on the Day (of Judgement) when those who disbelieve are exposed to the Fire (in Hell Jahannam they shall be asked), “Is this not real? They shall reply, “Yes, by (the name of) our Lord (it is).” He (an angel guarding Hell Jahannam) shall say, “Then taste the punishment (of Hell Jahannam) that you disbelieved (really existed).” 


See Quran 40:46 comments here:

40 god/verse http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-chapter-40-god-helps-his-messengers-so-how-did-god-help-jesus

40a allah/verse http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-chapter-40-punishment-in-the-grave-is-not-in-the-quran

40b allah/ayah http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-surah-40-allah-helps-his-messengers-so-how-did-allah-help-jesus

40c allaah/verse http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-chapter-40-how-did-allaah-save-jesus-isa-from-death-on-the-cross

40d allaah/ayah http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-surah-40-allaah-helps-his-messengers-so-how-did-allaah-help-jesus


Quran 8:51 Verse 8:51 – Because of what their own hands (the stone idol worshippers from Makkah at the battle of Badr) have done (that was evil). (For that evil they have been judged by God) so know that God is not unjust to His (God’s) servants.


Quran 8:52 Verse 8:52 Like the way of Pharaoh's Firon’s people and those before them, they disbelieved the revelations of God and God punished them for their crimes (against God). God is strong and severe in punishment.


Quran 8:53 Verse 8:53 That is because God does not withdraw a favour that He (God) has bestowed on a people until they first change what is within themselves (to disbelief after God has sent his revelations to warn them). God hears and knows (all things).


Quran 8:54 Verse 8:54 Like the way of Pharaoh's Firon’s people and those before them, they disbelieved the revelations of God and God destroyed them for their crimes (against God). We (God) drowned the people of Pharaoh’s (army). All were evil-doers. 


Comment 1. The Pharaoh Firon of Egypt and his army tried to recapture the children of Israel whom they had earlier freed on the orders of God that were delivered to the Pharaoh Firon of Egypt by Prophet Moses Musa. After the children of Israel had safely walked across the parted waters of the Red Sea, God returned the parted waters and drowned the pursuing Pharaoh Firon and his army.


Quran 8:55 Verse 8:55 The worst of creatures in God's sight are the ungrateful who shall never believe (in God, their creator).


Quran 8:56 Verse 8:56 The ones (the different tribes of Jews in Yathrib) with whom you make a treaty (of mutual support and protection for both the Muslims and the Jews of Yathrib) and they (the Jews of Yathrib) break the treaty every time and they have no fear (of God in their treachery).


Note 1. Quran 8:60 Verse 8:60 Prepare for them all that you can of (armed) force and of horse (cavalry) so that you can frighten (to discourage) the enemy of God and your enemy (the stone idol worshippers from Mecca Makkah) and others (enemies) whom you do not know (but) God knows them (as the Arab hypocrites and one Jewish tribe after another Jewish tribe in Yathrib who would be misguided to support the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah against the Muslim believers of God). Whoever spend in the way of God, it shall be repaid to you in full and you shall not be treated unjustly (in the Hereafter).


Comment 1. Why did God misguide the Jews of Yathrib to support the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah against the Muslim believers of God?

God tested the deeds of the Muslims in Yathrib with the deeds of the Jews in Yathrib.


Quran 5:13 Verse 5:13 "... You shall not cease to discover treachery from them (dishonesty from their words) except for a few of them (who are honest in their word). Even though they (many among the Jews of Arabia) do that (treachery against you), (you should) pardon (forgive) their bad deeds and forgive them. God loves those who do good (deeds to other people).
Note 1. God is the most merciful and the most forgiving.
Note 2. God teaches humans to follow the example of God to be merciful and forgiving.
God teaches humans to follow the way of God to be merciful and forgiving.
God teaches humans to follow the path of God to be merciful and forgiving.
God teaches humans to follow the cause of God to be merciful and forgiving.

Comment 2. Why were many Jews reported to have been killed in the last Jewish betrayal in Yathrib by the last Jewish tribe in Yathrib Arabia later known as Medina Arabia today in Madinah Saudi Arabia?
Ka'b ibn Asad the leader of Banu Qurayza the last Jewish tribe in Yathrib was found with Huyayy ibn Akhtab who was the chief of the Banu Nadir a Jewish tribe that had been exiled out of Yathrib by Prophet Muhammad previously. Banu Nadir were now fighting with the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah against the Muslims in Yathrib.
Banu Nadir and its leader Huyayy ibn Akhtab who had previously been exiled had now returned and fought with the stone idol worshippers against the Muslims in Yathrib and now Huyayy ibn Akhtab was found to be in the home of the leader of Banu Qurayza in Yathrib.
Ka'b ibn Asad the leader of Banu Qurayza was allowed to choose a judge for the crime of betrayal.
Ka'b ibn Asad did not choose Prophet Muhammad as his judge but he chose another man and agreed to accept that mans judgement. 
That man named Sa'd ibn Mu'adh used the Torah Taurat law of death for betrayal for the men who faught against the Muslims and freedom from punishment for the women and children because they were not fighting.
If the Jewish leader had chosen Prophet Muhammad as his judge it would have been a sign of belief and Quran 5:13 Verse 5:13 would have guided Prophet Muhammad as the word of God willed.
However Ka'b ibn Asad the leader of the Jewish tribe of Banu Qurayza was guided to choose the judgement of death in the Torah Taurat instead of the judgement of mercy and forgiveness in the Koran Quran.
In the same way the leaders Ka'b ibn Asad of Banu Qurayza and Huyayy ibn Akhtab of Banu Nadir had been guided to support the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah against the Muslim believers of God in Yathrib.

Battle of the Trench
(Battle of the Trench 31 March 627 AD, 31 March 627 CE, Shawwal 5 AH, Ghazwah al-Khandaq, Battle of Ahzab, Battle of the Confederates, Siege of Medina Madinah, Siege of Yathrib, Ghazwah al-Ahzab, The battle of the Muslims in Yathrib against Al-Ahzab which were the combined forces against the Muslims in Yathrib Arabia were the Banu Quraysh tribe of the Arab stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah Arabia and their Arab allies and the Arab tribe of Banu Ghatafan north of Yathrib Arabia and the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadir of Khaybar Arabia and others. During the battle of the trench in Yathrib Banu Nadir started negations to convince Banu Qurayza in Yathrib Arabia to join the combined forces against the Muslims, the battle of "al-Khandaq" known as the Trench, the battle of the ditch).

Quran 5:13 Verse 5:13
 "... You shall not cease to discover treachery from them (dishonesty from their words) except for a few of them (who are honest in their word). Even though they (many among the Jews of Arabia) do that (treachery against you), 
(you should) pardon (forgive) their bad deeds and forgive them. God loves those who do good (deeds to other people).
Note 1. God is the most merciful and the most forgiving.
Note 2. God teaches humans to follow the example of God to be merciful and forgiving.
God teaches humans to follow the way of God to be merciful and forgiving.
God teaches humans to follow the path of God to be merciful and forgiving.
God teaches humans to follow the cause of God to be merciful and forgiving.

See Quran 8:25 comments.

Comment 3. The greatness of God's teaching of mercy and forgiveness

3a. Muslim mercy and forgiveness to the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah.
Prophet Muhammad takes Mecca Makkah without a fight and Prophet Muhammad tells the stone idol worshipers in Mecca Makkah "you are free."
When Prophet Muhammad captured Mecca Makkah without a fight Prophet Muhammad said to the people of Mecca Makkah you are free.
Prophet Muhammad had fought against stone idol worship and when he captured Mecca Makkah he said to the stone idol worshipers you are free.

3b. Muslim mercy and forgiveness to the Christians in Jerusalem Al-Quds.
After a siege Saladin takes Jerusalem Al-Quds and Saladin tells the Christians in Jerusalem Al-Quds "you are free".
When the Christians captured Jerusalem Al-Quds there was a terrible loss of life.
When Saladin (Salah Ad-din Yusuf Ibn Ayyub) re-captured Jerusalem Al-Quds from the Christians he said "you are free."

3c. Muslims invite the Jews to resettle in Jerusalem Al-Quds.
When Saladin recaptured Jerusalem Al-Quds Saladin invited the Jews to resettle in Jerusalem Al-Quds.
When the Christians captured Jerusalem Al-Quds the Jews were not welcome in Jerusalem Al-Quds. 
When Saladin (Salah Ad-din Yusuf Ibn Ayyub) re-captured Jerusalem Al-Quds from the Christians Saladin invited the Jews to resettle in Jerusalem Al-Quds.

Quran 8:57 Verse 8:57 If you meet them (those who break their treaties) in war, then deal with them (those who have broken the treaty) so that others shall remember and be deterred from following them (meaning, so that others are deterred from breaking their agreements with you). 


Comment 1. Quran 8:57 explains that the reason for harsh punishment against those that break agreements (treaties) is so that others shall remember the consequences and so that they are not tempted to also break their agreements and treaties.

Quran 8:58
Verse 8:58 And if you fear treachery from any people then be fair (be just) to them by telling them that they have broken the treaty (so there is no treaty between you). God does not love those that are treacherous (meaning God does not love those that do not keep their word, their promises, their agreements and their treaty). 

Comment
1. If you suspect someone broke their word you are not also allowed to break your word otherwise you can be accused of treachery. That is why you must end the treaty fairly with justice if you fear treachery. When the other party is informed that there is no treaty between you and them then that treaty no longer applies to you.
See Quran chapter 9.

Quran 8:59
Verse 8:59 Do not let those who disbelieve (the stone idol worshippers from Mecca Makkah that escaped capture at the battle of Badr) think that they have eluded (God). They cannot escape (because no one can escape from God).

Quran 8:60
Verse 8:60 Prepare for them all that you can of (armed) force and of horse (cavalry) so that you can frighten (to discourage) the enemy of God and your enemy (the stone idol worshippers from Mecca Makkah) and others (enemies) whom you do not know (but) God knows them (as the Arab hypocrites and one Jewish tribe after another Jewish tribe in Yathrib who would be misguided to support the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah against the Muslim believers of God). Whoever spend in the way of God, it shall be repaid to you in full and you shall not be treated unjustly (in the Hereafter).

See
Quran 8:56 comments.

Quran 8:61
Verse 8:61 And if they (the Jewish tribe of Banu Qurayza in Yathrib and the stone idol worshippers from Mecca Makkah) incline to peace, then you also incline to peace and trust in God. He (God) is the (all) hearing and the (all) knowing. 

Comment
1. Quran 8:61 applies to the Jewish tribe of Banu Qurayza in Yathrib during the siege of Yathrib by the stone idol worshipper army of Mecca Makkah in the Battle of the Trench when Banu Qurayza was thought to be making a secret deal with the idol worshipper army of Mecca Makkah. Both the Muslims of Yathrib and the Jews of Yathrib were under that same siege. See Quran 8:56 comments.

Battle of the Trench
(Battle of the Trench 31 March 627 AD, 31 March 627 CE, Shawwal 5 AH, Ghazwah al-Khandaq, Battle of Ahzab, Battle of the Confederates, Siege of Medina Madinah, Siege of Yathrib, Ghazwah al-Ahzab, The battle of the Muslims in Yathrib against Al-Ahzab which were the combined forces against the Muslims in Yathrib Arabia were the Banu Quraysh tribe of the Arab stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah Arabia and their Arab allies and the Arab tribe of Banu Ghatafan north of Yathrib Arabia and the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadir of Khaybar Arabia and others. During the battle of the trench in Yathrib Banu Nadir started negations to convince Banu Qurayza in Yathrib Arabia to join the combined forces against the Muslims, the battle of "al-Khandaq" known as the Trench, the battle of the ditch).

Comment 2. Quran 8:61 applies to the stone idol worshippers from Mecca Makkah as indicated in Quran 8:19 and Quran 8:38 – 8:40.

Quran 8:62
Verse 8:62 And if they want to betray you (Prophet Muhammad), then (know that) God is sufficient for you. It is He (God) who supports you with His (God’s) help and with the believers. – (Continued in Quran 8:63).

Note 1. Quran 8:71 Verse 8:71 But if they intend to betray you (Prophet Muhammad) then (know that) they already betrayed God before. So He (God) gave (you, Prophet Muhammad) power over them. God is all knowing and all wise.

Quran 8:63
Verse 8:63 – And (regarding the believers God has) united their hearts. If (Prophet Muhammad) you had spent all that is on the Earth you could not have united their hearts but God has united them (the believers). God is mighty and wise.

Quran 8:64
Verse 8:64 O Prophet (Muhammad), God is sufficient for you and those believers who follow you.

Quran 8:65
Verse 8:65 O Prophet (Muhammad), Encourage the believers to fight (the stone idol worshippers from Mecca Makkah with you). If there are twenty steadfast (men with you) they shall overcome two hundred (men), and if there are one hundred (steadfast men with you) they shall overcome a thousand of those who disbelieve, because they (the disbelievers) are a people that do not understand (that all power lies with God the creator). 

Comment
1. Quran 8:65 was abrogated (replaced) by Quran 8:66.

Quran 8:66
Verse 8:66 Now God has lightened your burden because He (God) knows that there is a weakness (of fear and doubt) in you (to fight ten times your number). So (know that) if you are one hundred steadfast (men) they shall overcome two hundred, and if there are a thousand (steadfast men with you) they shall overcome two thousand by the permission of God. God is with the steadfast. 

Comment 1. In Quran 8:66 “God has lightened your burden” refers to the burn on Prophet Muhammad to convince people that one man can defeat 10 men. 

Comment 2. If God wills one man could defeat 10 men (as is the ratio of men in Quran 8:65) but because of the weakness in man that causes fear and doubt, God removed that fear and doubt through a new revelation saying that 5 men can defeat 10 men (in Quran 8:66). 

Comment 3. The development of the religion of Islam required that Prophet Muhammad and his follows experienced what God had planned for them to experience and so both the old verses (earlier revelations) and newer verses (later revelations that replace the older revelations) are preserved in the Quran to allow an understanding of some of the processes through which the final Quran was based to be better understood today. That is why the old abrogated (removed) verses and the newer verses that replace them have both been preserved in the Quran. This means that the verses that God has abrogated (replaced) in the Quran do not apply today but are preserved in the Quran by God to allow future generations of humans to have a better understanding of the way Islam was developed over the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad.

Comment
4. If a single Quran was presented to humans as a complete book at one time then it would have been a revelation of perfection from heaven without an opportunity for human experience. The Quran is revealed as the life time experience of Prophet Muhammad. It is a book of revelation from God that includes a lifetime experience of humans that are revealed by God step by step. 

Comment
5. Another example of abrogation is Quran 8:67 which was abrogated (replaced) by Quran 47:4 when God revealed that prisoners of war could be freed without any condition). See more in the Quran 8:67 comments.

Comment
6. Human hadith says that stoning to death for adultery was removed from the Quran but it cannot be found in the Quran. If stoning to death for adultery was in the Quran why would it be completely removed when other verses that were abrogated (replaced) are in the Quran today?

See: God removed stoning to death for adultery.

Who commanded stoning to death for adultery in Islam God or humans?

God forgives adultery.

God is always ready to forgive because God is the Most Merciful.

The Quran does not order death for adultery.

Stoning to death for adultery cannot be found in the Koran Quran.

Today stoning to death for adultery is not in the religion of God.

Today stoning to death for adultery is not in the teachings of God.

In the Quran the law for illegal sexual intercourse for unmarried Muslims is Quran 4:15 – 4:18.

In the Quran the law for adultery by married Muslims is Quran 4:25 and 24:1 – 24:2.

Forgiveness for all sins including adultery is in Quran 3:135  3:136, 4:17 – 4:18, 4:110, 25:68 – 25:71.

God reveals the punishment for adultery in Quran chapter 24 and explains why there is no death penalty for adultery.

In Quran chapter 24 God showed that in the time of Prophet Muhammad the people of Prophet Muhammad were not afraid to falsely accuse of adultery the wife of the Prophet of God.

God showed Prophet Muhammad that if his people in his time were not afraid to make false accusations against his wife then after the time of Prophet Muhammad the people would be afraid of no one in their making of false accusations for adultery.

Quran chapter 24 removes death for adultery and explains why it was removed by showing what happened to the wife of the Prophet of God.

The wife of the Prophet of God was saved only because Muhammad was a living Prophet under the guidance of God.

After Prophet Muhammad left the Earth who would protect the people from similar injustice?

God replaced stoning to death for adultery with the mercy of Quran chapter 24.

Some people follow what humans did in the past instead of following what God commands today in Quran chapter 24.

Those that claim Islam supports stoning to death for adultery have gone astray because no such thing exists in the Koran Quran.

Muslims who believe in stoning to death for adultery believe human hadith stories more than they believe the book of God, the Koran Quran.

In the same way Christians who believe that Jesus Isa is God believe human hadith stories more than they believe the book of God, the Gospel Injil.

Muslim believers and supporters of stoning to death for adultery are the followers of human stories not the followers of the stories of God.

In the same way Christian believers and supporters of the idea that Jesus Isa is God or a partner with God are also the followers of human stories not the followers of the stories of God.

When human hadith stories are believed more than the Books of God (the Torah Taurat, Gospel Injil and Koran Quran) then the result is misguidance because you have trusted human stories more than you have trusted the stories of God.

On the day of Judgement the innocent will testify against their killer.

Quran 81:9 Verse 81:9 “For what crime were you (the baby girl) killed? (The baby girl shall say in the hereafter, “They killed me on the earth without a just reason”).

321 English https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/god-forgives-adultery
321A Arabic https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/allah-forgives-adultery 
321B Arabic https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/allaah-forgives-adultery


Quran 8:67 Verse 8:67 A Prophet does not take prisoners of war (to free them for a ransom) until he has subdued the land. You desire the temptations of the world (ransom money for freeing the captives), but God desires (for you) the Hereafter. God is mighty and wise. 


Comment 1. Quran 8:67 was abrogated by Quran 47:4 which revealed the command from God which also allows prisoners of war to be freed without any conditions. 

Quran 47:4 Verse 47:4 When you meet (in the field of battle) those who disbelieve (the idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah), strike (their) necks (meaning, slay them, fight them, battle with them) until they are defeated (in the battle), then (take captives and) tie them securely, and afterwards either (make a) grace (by freeing them with no conditions) or ransoming (them) when the war ends (prisoner exchange). That (is the command of God). And if God had willed, He (God) could have taken vengeance on them (Himself), but (God decreed) to test some of you by means of others. And those who are killed in the cause of God He (God) shall not waste their deeds. (This verse was revealed at the battle of Uhud. At that time 1,400 years ago there were no guns. In battle people used swords to fight and the most vulnerable part of the body was the neck in the same way that today those that use guns are trained to shoot at the body which is the biggest and therefore the easiest target. 1,400 years ago it was the Army that was well trained in the use of the sword that could better survive hand to hand close combat during a battle in the field).


Quran 8:68 Verse 8:68 If it had not been for an order of God that preceded, (meaning, had it not been for a revelation from God that made the taking of spoils and captives lawful before you took the spoils and the prisoners of war at the battle of Badr) then an awful punishment would have come to you for what you took.


Quran 8:69 Verse 8:69 So enjoy what you took as spoils of war (booty), as lawful and good and keep your duty to God. God is forgiving and merciful.


Quran 8:70 Verse 8:70 O Prophet (Muhammad), Say to those captives who are in your hands: “If God knows of any good in your hearts He (God) shall give you better than that which has been taken from you and shall forgive you. God is forgiving and merciful. 


Comment 1. Quran 8:70 outlines the compassionate treatment required towards captives.


Quran 8:71 Verse 8:71 But if they intend to betray you (Prophet Muhammad) then (know that) they already betrayed God before. So He (God) gave (you, Prophet Muhammad) power over them. God is all knowing and all wise.


Note 1. Quran 8:62 Verse 8:62 And if they want to betray you (Prophet Muhammad), then (know that) God is sufficient for you. It is He (God) who supports you with His (God’s) help and with the believers. – 


Quran 8:72 Verse 8:72 Those who believed and left their homes (in Mecca Makkah and went into exile) and struggled for the cause of God with their wealth and their lives, and those who took them in (by giving them asylum from the religious persecution in Mecca Makkah) and helped them, they are protectors and friends to each other. And those who believed (in God) but did not leave their homes (in Mecca Makkah as they were commanded by God through Prophet Muhammad) you (Prophet Muhammad) have no duty to protect them until they emigrate (from Mecca Makkah to Yathrib) but if they seek help from you in the name of faith then it is your duty to help (them) except (in helping them) against a people between whom you have a treaty. God sees all that you do.


Comment 1. Muslim believers must honour their treaties with the disbelievers.

God tells Prophet Muhammad that Prophet Muhammad cannot help a Muslim who lives in Mecca Makkah if such help is against the treaty between the Muslims in Yathrib and the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah.


Quran 8:73 Verse 8:73 And those who disbelieve (the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah and others) are protectors to each other. If you (the Muslims) do not (help and protect each other then) there shall be persecution in the land and great misbehavior.


Quran 8:74 Verse 8:74 Those who believed and left their homes (in Mecca Makkah and went into exile) and struggled for the cause of God, and those who took them in (giving them asylum from the religious persecution in Mecca Makkah) and helped them, they are the true believers in God. For them is pardon (for their sins) and the generous provision (of Paradise in the Hereafter).


Quran 8:75 Verse 8:75 And those who believed and emigrated (from Mecca Makkah to go into exile in Yathrib) and struggled along with you, they are your brothers (with the same religion). And those who are related (by birth) are nearer to each other according to the decree of God. God knows all things.

 

 


 

 

Index:

The Quran Chapter 8 The Spoils of War (Al-Anfaal, Al-Anfal, 'Anfaal, Booty, Spoils of War, The Bounties) in English.

 

 

A

 

Adultery.

Why is there no verse for stoning to death in the Quran 8:66 comments

 

Angels.

Angels at the battle of Badr 8:9 - 8:10, 8:12 - 8:14, 8:48, 8.50

Angels who are under God’s command bring confidence to the heart 8:10 comments

 

B

 

Badr.

See Battle of Badr.

 

Banu Qurayza (Qurayza, Banu Quraiza, Banu Qurayza, Banu Qurayzah, Banu Quraytha, Banu Koreiza, Bani Qurayza, Bani Quraiza, Bani Qurayza, Bani Qurayzah, Bani Quraythi, Bani Koreiza, Jewish tribe in Yathrib, Arabia (Medina, Madinah, Saudi Arabia). The Jewish tribe of Qurayza lead by Ka'b bin Asad (Ka’b bin As’ad, Ka’b ibn Asad) in Yathrib Arabia later Medina Arabia today Madinah Saudi Arabia. Banu Qurayza was allied before the arrival of Islam to the Arab tribe of Banu Aws (Banu Aus) lead by Saad bin Muadh (Sa'ad bin Mua'dh, Saad ibn Muadh) and to the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadir who were both also in the Yathrib area. (Banu Qurayza and the combined forces in Quran 33:9, 33:10, 33:20, 33:22, 33:26).

The possibility of peace with the Jewish tribe of Banu Qurayza in Yathrib, Arabia (today Medina, Saudi Arabia)  8:60

Treachery regarding the agreements between the Muslims and the Jews of Yathrib (Medina) 8:56 – 8:57

 

Battle,

The Day of the Test 8:41


Battle of Badr (Battle of Badr 17 Ramadan 2 AH, 17 March 624 CE, 17 March 624 AD, the Muslims in Yathrib defend themselves in the first attack of the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah at the battle of Badr near Yathrib).

Battle of Badr 8:1, 8:5 - 8:19, 8:26, 8:40 – 8:51, 8:56 – 8:72


Battle of the Trench (Battle of the Trench 31 March 627 AD, 31 March 627 CE, Shawwal 5 AH, Ghazwah al-Khandaq, Battle of Ahzab, Battle of the Confederates, Siege of Medina Madinah, Siege of Yathrib, Ghazwah al-Ahzab, The battle of the Muslims in Yathrib against Al-Ahzab which were the combined forces against the Muslims in Yathrib Arabia were the Banu Quraysh tribe of the Arab stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah Arabia and their Arab allies and the Arab tribe of Banu Ghatafan north of Yathrib Arabia and the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadir of Khaybar Arabia and others. During the battle of the trench in Yathrib Banu Nadir started negations to convince Banu Qurayza in Yathrib Arabia to join the combined forces against the Muslims, the battle of "al-Khandaq" known as the Trench, the battle of the ditch).

Battle of the Trench 8:56 and 8:61 comment.

 

Booty.

See Spoils of war.

 

C

 

Captives.

See Prisoners of War.

 

Children.

Children and wealth 8:28

 

Children of Israel.

See Jews.

 

Christian (Christians, the Christian religion, the religion of Christianity).

Prophet Jesus (Isa, Iesa, Iesus, Yasu, Yeshua) see Jesus.

Prophet Moses (Musa, Mussa, Moosa, Mousa, Moshe, Mosheh) see Moses

Prophet Muhammad (Mohamed, Mohammed, Mahamad, Muhammed) see Muhammad.

 

D

 

Disease in the heart.

The disease of disbelief in God 8:49

 

Devil.

See Satan.

 

E

 

Evil.

Removing evil thoughts 8:29

Removing evil deeds 8:29

 

F

 

Fir'aun.

See Pharaoh.

 

Fir'awn.

See Pharaoh.

 

Firawn.

See Pharaoh.

 

Firon.

See Pharaoh. 

 

G

 

God (Allah, Allaah).

Put your trust in God 8:49

God is not unjust 8:51                        

 

H

 

Hell (Hell fire, Jahannam, Gehenna, Gehennem, Gehinnam, Gehinnom, Saqr, Saqar).

Hell fire 8:14, 8:16, 8:36, 8:37


Hypocrite (They say they believe in God but they do not follow the order of God in God’s Holy Quran).

Those that say they believe in God but they do not believe in God 8:49

 

I

 

Idol worship.

Battle of Badr 8:1, 8:5 - 8:19, 8:26, 8:40 – 8:51, 8:56 – 8:72

Offer of peace to the stone idol worshippers in Mecca (Makkah) if they stop their persecution of Muslims 8:38 – 8:40

Stone idol worship in Mecca (Makkah) 8:35

 

Iblis.

See Satan.

 

J

 

Jesus (Prophet Jesus, Eesa, Eesaa, Eesaah, Eesah, Eessa, Eessaa, Eessaah, Eessah, Esa, Esaa, Esah, Esaah, Essa, Essaa, Essaah, Essah, Isa, Isâ, Isaa, Isah, Isaah, Issa, Issâ, Issah, Issaa, Issaah, Iesa, Iesaa, Iesah, Iessa, Iessaa, Iesus, Yasu, Yasuu, Yeshu, Yeshua, Yeshuaa, Yesus, Jesus Christ, Jesus of Nazareth, Messiah Jesus, Jesus the Messiah, al-Masih, al-Masiih, el-Maseeh, Mashiah, Masiah, Messiah, Ibn Maary, Ibn Mary, Ibn Maryaam, Ibn Maryam, Ibn Miriam, Ibn Miriaam, Ibn Marium, Ibn Miryam, Son of Maary, Son of Mary, Son of Maryaam, Son of Maryam, Son of Miriam, Son of Miriaam, Son of Marium, Son of Miryam. Jesus meaning "Deliverance from evil", Jesus (Isa) was created by God with no father just as God created Adam with no mother and no father and just as God created Eve Hawa with no mother).

They plotted to kill Jesus (Isa) but God also (had His (God’s)) plan. And God is the best of the planners 8:30

 

Jew (Jews, the Jewish religion, the religion of Judaism).

Children of Israel cross the Red Sea with Prophet Moses 8:52, 8:54

Jews of Yathrib (Medina) and the breaking of agreements, treaties 8:56 - 8:58

Offer of peace to the Jewish tribe of Banu Qurayza in Yathrib (Medina) 8:61 – 8:62

Prophet Jesus (Isa, Iesa, Iesus, Yasu, Yeshua) see Jesus.

Prophet Moses (Musa, Mussa, Moosa, Mousa, Moshe, Mosheh) see Moses

Prophet Muhammad (Mohamed, Mohammed, Mahamad, Muhammed) see Muhammad.

The possibility of peace with the Jewish tribe of Banu Qurayza in Yathrib, Arabia (today Medina, Saudi Arabia)  8:60

Treachery regarding the agreements between the Muslims and the Jews of Yathrib (Medina) 8:56 – 8:57, 8:60 

 

K

 

 

L

 

Losers.

The losers in the Hereafter 8:37

 

M

 

Mahamad.

See Muhammad.

 

Mohamed.

See Muhammad.

Moosa.

See Moses.

 

Moshe.

See Moses.


Moses (Prophet Moses, Moosa, Moosaa, Moossa, Mooses, Mosa, Mosaa, Mosess, Moshe, Mosheh, Mosoos, Mosos, Mossa, Mosses, Mosus, Mousa, Mousaa, Moussa, Musa, Mussa, Mussaa, Musus. Moses means, “He was taken out of the water” in Torah Exodus 2:10, son of Amram and Jochebed, Moses sister was Mary (Maryam, Miriam, Marium) and older brother Aaron (Prophet Aaron, Harun, Haroun, Haroon), Moses wife Zipporah was the daughter of Prophet Jethro Shoaib Reuel an Arab sheik Reuel means excellent).
Moses and the drowning of the Pharaoh of Egypt and his army in the Red Sea 8:52 comment.

 

Mohammed.

See Muhammad.

 

Muhammad (Prophet Muhammad, Mahamad, Mahammad, Mahamed, Mahammed, Mahumad, Mahummad, Mahumed, Mahummed, Mahomet, Mahommet, Mahomot, Mahommot, Mehamed, Mehammed, Mohamed, Mohammed, Mohomed, Mohomet, Mohommet, Mohamad, Mohammad, Mohamod, Mohammod, Muhamad, Muhamed, Muhammed, Muhumed, Muhummed, Muhumud, Muhummud, Muhammad bin Abdullah, Muhammad ibn Abdullah, 53 BH – 11 AH, 571 – 632 CE, 571 – 632 AD, Muhammad means “Praiseworthy”, Muhammad’s father Abdullah ('Abdullah bin 'Abd al-Muttalib, Abdullah bin Abd al-Muttalib, Abdullah bin Abd al-Muttalib) died before Muhammad’s birth and Muhammad’s mother Aminah (Amina bint Wahb az-Zuhriyya, Aminah bint Wahab) died when Muhammad was 6 years old, Muhammad’s grandfather Abdul Muttalib (Shaiba bin Hashim, Shaiba bin Hashim, Abd al-Muttalib) died when Muhammad was 8 years oldMuhammad was cared for by his uncle Abu Talib (Imran, Abu Talib bin Abd al-Muṭṭalib a leader of the Banu Hashim (Banu Hashem) clan of the Quraish tribe (Quraysh tribe) in Mecca Makkah, Prophet Muhammad is the last prophet and messenger revealed by God).

God calls Muhammad a Prophet 8:64

The plot in Mecca (Makkah) to restrain, kill or evict Prophet Muhammad 8:30

 

Muhammed.

See Muhammad.

 

Musa.

See Moses.

 

Muslim (Muslims, the Muslim religion, the religion of Islam).

Prophet Jesus (Isa, Iesa, Iesus, Yasu, Yeshua) see Jesus.

Prophet Moses (Musa, Mussa, Moosa, Mousa, Moshe, Mosheh) see Moses

Prophet Muhammad (Mohamed, Mohammed, Mahamad, Muhammed) see Muhammad.

  

N

 

 

O

 

 

P

 

Peace.

Offer of peace to the stone idol worshippers in Mecca (Makkah) if they stop their persecution of Muslims 8:38 – 8:40, 8:61

Offer of peace to the Jewish tribe of Banu Qurayza in Yathrib (Medina) 8:61 – 8:62

 

Persecution of Muslims.

The persecution of Muslims by the stone idol worshippers in Mecca (Makkah) 8:5, 8:38, 8:39, 8:67, 8:72 – 8:74

 

Pharaoh (Feraoun, Féraoun, Feraon, Feraun, Ferawn, Feron, Feroon, Ferown, Firaaon, Firaawn, Firaon, Firaoon, Firaoun, Fir'aun, Firaun, Fir'awn, Firawn, Fircoon, Firhon, Fir'oon, Fircoon, Firoon, Firon, Firoun, Firown, Fir'own, Pharaoh of Egypt, King of Egypt, the possessor of spikes used for torture (Quran 20:71), Pharaoh is the official title given to the rulers of ancient Egypt, meaning “Great house” in earlier times before 2101 BH, 1479 BCE 1479 BC or meaning “King” in later times after 2101 BH, 1479 BCE 1479 BC).

The Pharaoh of Egypt in the time of the children of Israel and Moses 8:52

 

Prophet.

Prophet Jesus (Isa, Iesa, Iesus, Yasu, Yeshua) see Jesus.

Prophet Moses (Musa, Mussa, Moosa, Mousa, Moshe, Mosheh) see Moses

Prophet Muhammad (Mohamed, Mohammed, Mahamad, Muhammed) see Muhammad.

 

Prisoners of War (captives).

Kindness to Prisoners of War 8:70

Prisoners of War and the Prophet 8:67, 8:68 see Quran 47:4 in the comments after Quran 8:67

 

Q

 

 

R

 

 

S


Satan (Shaitaan, Shaitan, Shayatin, Shaytan, Shaaytan, Devil, meaning the one who is cursed because he has lost the mercy of God. Known as Eblis, Iblees, and Iblis before he sinned against God. He is the father of the jinn who are created from smokeless fire).

Satan runs away when he sees the punishment of God coming in the form of Angels at the battle of Badr 8:48

 

Shaaytan.

See Satan.

 

Shaitan.

See Satan.

 

Shayatin.

See Satan

 

Shaytan

See Satan

 

Spoils of war (Booty).

Who owns the spoils of war 8:1, 8:41

 

Stoning to death.

See Adultery.

 

T

 

Treaty.

Breaking of agreements, treaties 8:56 - 8:58

Honour treaty agreements 8:72

 

Trench.

See Battle of the Trench.

 

 

U

 

 

V

 

 

W

 

Wealth.

Children and wealth 8:28

 

X

 

 

Y

 

 

Z

 

 


 

 Interpretations of the Quran (Al-Quran, Al Quran).

 

This is an interpretation of some of the meanings in the Quran. 
This is not a perfect translation of the Quran because the Quran is in the Arabic language. 
The Arabic language in the Quran must be understood as it was understood over 1400 years ago. 
God guides who He wills to the correct understanding of the Quran. 
In the English language the word Allah is God. 
Allah (God) is the creator of the Jews, Christians, Muslims and everyone and everything that exists.

 

Islam and the Quran chapter (sura, suraa, suraah, surah, suraat, surat), chapters (suras, suraas, suraahs, surahs, suraats, surats), verse (ayaah, aya, ayah, ayaahs, ayas, ayahs), verses (ayaas, ayaat, ayas, ayat), (ayaats, ayats), analysis, annotation, clarification, comment, commentary, elucidation, examination, explanation, foot note, interpretation, investigation, note, observation, remark, study, understanding, analyses, annotations, clarifications, comments, commentaries, elucidations, examinations, explanations, foot notes, interpretations, investigations, notes, observations, remarks, studies, understandings of Islam and the Quran (The Coran, Al-Coran, Al Coran, The Koran, Al-Koran, Al Koran, The Quran, Al Quran, Al-Quran, The Qur'an, Al-Qur'an, Al Qur'an, The Qur’ān, Al-Qur’ān, Al Qur’ān). 

 

 

Forgive me for my errors, misinterpretations, misunderstands and omissions. 
Corrections and Questions are welcome and can be emailed to somaliahamradio@yahoo.com

 

 

Islam and the Quran index http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/index  

 

The Quran, Torah and Gospel on the Moon and Mars (home page) 

https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran