18a. The Quran chapter 18. The seven sleepers in the cave. Ashab al-Kahf. The inscription, raqeem, er-rakeem, er raqim, al-rakim.


                                                                           Updated. 
                                                            15 October 2017 (1439 AH).

 

INDEX:
The Quran chapter 18.

Can Saints hear prayer?
The idol worship of saints. 
The idol worship of prophets. 
The idol worship of angels. 
The idol worship of devils. 
The idol worship of Satan. 
The idol worship of Shaitan. 
The idol worship of the son of Allah. 
The idol worship of the sons of Allah. 
Son of Allah in Judaism.
Son of Allah in Christianity.
Son of Allah in Islam.
The son of Allah in the Torah.
The son of Allah in the Taurat.
The son of Allah in the Gospel.
The son of Allah in the Injil.
The son of Allah in the Koran.
The son of Allah in the Quran.
Son of Allah in the Torah, Gospel and Koran.
Son of Allah in the Torah, Gospel and Quran.
Son of Allah in the Taurat, Injil and Koran.
Son of Allah in the Taurat, Injil and Quran.
Son of Allah in Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
Only Allah has the power to hear prayer.
Creations that are living or dead have no power to hear prayer.
Saints can not hear prayer because that power belongs to Allah.
No one can hear prayer because that power belongs to Allah.
See Quran 18:4 – 18:6, 18:52, 18:102, 18:110

What is inscription?
What is Raqeem?
What is Er-Rakeem?
What is Er-Raqim?
What is 
Al-Rakim?
See Quran 18:9, 18:21 and 18:24 

The story of as-hab al Kahf.
The story of ashab al Kahf.
The story of ashab al-Kahf.
The story of ashab e Kahf.
The story of the seven companions of the cave.
The story of the 7 companions of the cave.
The story of the eight companions of the cave.
The story of the 8 companions of the cave.
The story of the seven sleepers.
The story of the sleepers of the cave.
The story of the seven sleepers of the cave.
The story of the 7 sleepers of the cave.
The story of the eight sleepers of the cave.
The story of the 8 sleepers of the cave.
The Sleepers in the cave.
The people of the cave.
The seven people in the cave.
The 7 people in the cave.
The eight in the cave.
The 8 in the cave.
Seven people and a dog slept in the cave for three hundred and nine years.
7 people and a dog slept in the cave for 309 years.
How long did the people in the cave sleep?
How many people slept in the cave?
How many slept in the cave?
See Quran 18:9 – 18:26

Jewish stories in the Koran.

Jewish stories in the Quran.

Jewish rabbinical literature in the Koran.

Jewish rabbinical literature in the Quran.

See Quran 18:13 and 18:82 comments.


What is Sunni and Shai?
What is Sunni and Shai in Islam?
What sre Sunni and Shai Muslims?
Peace between Sunni and Shia.
Ending war between Sunni and Shia.
Can a human be buried in a mosque?
Can a human be buried next to a mosque?
Are shrines allowed in Islam?
Can a shrine be built next to a mosque?
Can a shrine be built inside a mosque?
Can a tomb be built next to a mosque?
Can a tomb be built inside a mosque?
Does Allah allow the building of a structure over a grave?
Does Allah allow the building of a structure over a tomb?
Does Allah allow the building of a house of worship over a grave?
Does Allah allow the building of a house of worship over a tomb?
The solution to ending war between Sunni and Shia is in Quran 18:21 Inshallah. 
See Quran 18:21, 18:23  and 18:24 comments. 

Does man have the power to change the word of Allah?
The Truth of the word of Allah in the Koran Gospel and Torah.
The Truth of the word of Allah in the Quran Gospel and Torah.
The Truth of the word of Allah in the Quran Injil and Taurat.
Why humans can not change the Torah.
Why humans can not change the Taura.
Why humans can not change the Tauraah.
Why humans can not change the Taurah.
Why humans can not change the Tauraat.
Why humans can not change the Taurat.
Why humans can not change the Tavraat.
Why humans can not change the Tavrat.
Why humans can not change the Tawraah.
Why humans can not change the Tawraat.
Why humans can not change the Tawrah.
Why humans can not change the Tawrat.
Why humans can not change the Thora.
Why humans can not change the Tooraat.
Why humans can not change the Toorah.
Why humans can not change the Toorat.
Why humans can not change the Tora.
Why humans can not change the Torá.
Why humans can not change the Toraat.
Why humans can not change the Torat.
Why humans can not change the Tourat.
Why humans can not change the Towraat.
Why humans can not change the Towrat.
Why humans can not change the Turat.
Why humans can not change Al-Tauraah.
Why humans can not change Al-Taurah.
Why humans can not change Al-Tauraat.
Why humans can not change Al-Taurat.
Why humans can not change Al-Tavraat.
Why humans can not change Al-Tavrat.
Why humans can not change Al-Tawraah.
Why humans can not change Al-Tawraat.
Why humans can not change Al-Tawrah.
Why humans can not change Al-Tawrat.
Why humans can not change Al-Tora.
Why humans can not change Al-Torá.
Why humans can not change Al-Torah.
Why humans can not change Al- Torat.
Why humans can not change Al-Towraat.
Why humans can not change Al-Towrat.
Why humans can not change Al- Turat.
Why humans can not change At-Tauraat.
Why humans can not change At-Taurah.
Why humans can not change At-Taurat.
Why humans can not change At-Tawraat.
Why humans can not change At-Tawrah.
Why humans can not change At-Tawrat.
Why humans can not change At-Torah.
Why humans can not change At-Towraat.Humans cannot change the Torah.
Humans cannot change the Taurat.
Why humans can not change the Psalms.
Why humans can not change the Zaaboor.
Why humans can not change the Zaabor.
Why humans can not change the Zaabur.
Why humans can not change Az-Zabur.
Why humans can not change the Zaboor.
Why humans can not change the Zabur.
Why humans can not change the Zaburi.
Why humans can not change the Zabuur.
Why humans can not change al Zaaboor.
Why humans can not change al Zaabor.
Why humans can not change al Zaabur.
Why humans can not change al-Zabur.
Why humans can not change al Zaboor.
Why humans can not change al Zabur.
Why humans can not change al Zaburi.
Why humans can not change al Zabuur.
Why humans can not change the Gospel.
Why humans can not change the Engil.
Why humans can not change the Engeel.
Why humans can not change the Enjeel.
Why humans can not change the Enjil.
Why humans can not change the Indjeel.
Why humans can not change the Indjiel.
Why humans can not change the Ingeel.
Why humans can not change the Ingil.
Why humans can not change the Ingiil.
Why humans can not change the Injeel.
Why humans can not change the Injil.
Why humans can not change the Injiil.
Why humans can not change the Injill.
Why humans can not change Al-Engil.
Why humans can not change Al-Engeel.
Why humans can not change Al-Enjeel.
Why humans can not change Al-Enjil.
Why humans can not change Al-Ingeel.
Why humans can not change Al-Ingil.
Why humans can not change Al-injiil.
Why humans can not change Al-Injeel.
Why humans can not change Al-Injil.
Why humans can not change Al-Injill.Humans cannot change the Gospel.
Humans cannot change the Injil.
Why can humans not change the Koran.
Why can humans not change the Quran.
Why can humans not change Al Koran.
Why can humans not change Al Quran.
Humans cannot change the Koran.
Humans cannot change the Quran.
Humans cannot change Al Koran.
Humans cannot change Al Quran.

See Quran 18:27

Allah gives humans freedom of belief.
Allah gives humans freedom of religion.
Islam gives humans freedom of belief.
Islam gives humans freedom of religion.
See Quran 18:29

Who is the green man?
Who is Al-Khidar? 
Who is Khidar?
Who is Khidr?
Who is Khidhr?
Who is al-Khidr? 
Who is al-Khidhr? 
Who is Khizr?
Who is Khizar?
Who is Hizir?
The story of the green man.

The story of Al-Khidar. 
The story of Khidar.
The story of Khidr.
The story of Khidhr.
The story of al-Khidr.
The story of al-Khidhr.
The story of Khizr.
The story of Khizar.
The story of Hizir.
The story of the green man and Moses.
The story of Al-Khidar and Moses. 
The story of Khidar and Moses.
The story of Khidr and Moses. 
The story of Khidhr and Moses. 
The story of al-Khidr and Moses. 
The story of al-Khidhr and Moses. 
The story of Khizr and Moses. 
The story of Khizar and Moses. 
The story of Hizir and Moses.
The story of the green man and Musa.
The story of Al-Khidar and Musa. 
The story of Khidar and Musa.
The story of Khidr and Musa. 
The story of Khidhr and Musa. 
The story of al-Khidr and Musa. 
The story of al-Khidhr and Musa. 
The story of Khizr and Musa. 
The story of Khizar and Musa. 
The story of Hizir and Musa.
See Quran 18:65 – 18:82

Stoning to death in Judaism.
Stoning to death in Christianity.
Stoning to death in Islam.
Stoning to death in Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
See Quran 18:80 – 18:81 

Who is the two horns?
Who 
is Dhul-Qarnain? 
Who iDhu'l-Qarneyn?
Who iZul-qarnain?
Who iZulqarnain?  
Who iKing Cyrus?
The story of the two horns. 
The story of Dhul-Qarnain. 
The story of Dhu'l-Qarneyn.
The story of Zul-qarnain.
The story of Zulqarnain. 
The story of King Cyrus.
See Quran 18:83 – 18:99

What is Gog and Magog?
What is Ya'juj, and Ma'juj
?

What is Yajuj and Majuj?

What is Yajooj and Majooj?

What is Yagug and Magug?
Who are Gog and Magog?
Who are Ya'juj, and Ma'juj?

Who are Yajuj and Majuj?

Who are Yajooj and Majooj?

Who are Yagug and Magug?

Where is Gog and Magog?
Where is Ya'juj, and Ma'juj?

Where is Yajuj and Majuj?

Where is Yajooj and Majooj?

Where is Yagug and Magug?
The story of Gog and Magog
The story of Ya'juj, and Ma'juj.

The story of Yajuj and Majuj.

The story of Yajooj and Majooj.

The story of Yagug and Magug.

See Quran 18:92  18:99.



Information:
The Quran chapter 18.
Order of Revelation: 69 (1 is the first revelation and 114 is the last revelation).
Place of Revelation: Mecca (Makkah, Arabia today Saudi Arabia).
Number of Verses: 110 verses.

The Quran.
Chapter 18. 
The Cave (Al-Kahf).
English interpretations of the Quran.

The Quran
Chapter 18 The Cave (Al-Kahf, Kahf) in English. 

Chapter : Verse.
(Information in brackets is added to assist readers in the interpretation of the verse).

Quran 18:0 Verse 18:0
In the name of Allah, The Most Kind, The Most Merciful.

Quran 18:1 Verse 18:1
Praise is to Allah who has revealed the Scripture (of the Quran) to His (Allah’s) servant (Prophet Muhammad), and has not placed in it (the Quran) any deviation (from the truth). – (Continued Quran 18:2).

Comment 1. What is the truth?
Truth means these are not invented stories.
Truth means these are the stories inspired by belief in Allah.
Truth means these stories can be found in the Books of Allah, the Torah Taurat Jewish Bible and/or the Gospel Injil Christian Bible and/or other inspired writings.


Quran 12:111 Verse 12:111 "... It (the Quran) is not an invented story but it is a confirmation of what came before it (in the Scriptures of the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil) ..." 

Quran 26:196 Verse 26:196 It (the revelations from Allah in the Quran) is (also) in the Scriptures of the people of the past (in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil). 

Quran 41:43 Verse 41:43 Nothing is said (by Allah) to you (Prophet Muhammad) except what has already been said to the messengers before you. Your Lord (Allah) is the possessor of forgiveness and severe punishment.


See 1. The Torah and Gospel and Koran are from Allah.

The Torah and Gospel and Quran are from Allah.

The Taurat and Injil and Quran are from Allah.

04A allah http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/allah-protects-his-taurat-injil-and-quran   


Quran 18:2 Verse 18:2 – (But has made the Quran) straight, to give warning of severe punishment from Him (Allah), and to bring to the believers who do good deeds the news that they shall have a good reward (in Paradise), – (Continued Quran 18:3).


Quran 18:3 Verse 18:3 – In which they shall live forever.


Quran 18:4 Verse 18:4 And to warn those (among the Christians) who say, “Allah has begotten (fathered) a (real biological) son” (to explain their reason for praying to creations such as Prophet Jesus Isa instead of correctly praying to Allah who is the creator of every creation),


Note 1. “Son of Allah” is not a biological relationship with Allah

Allah has no real biological son. 

“Son of Allah” in the Torah Taurat and Gospel Injil and Quran 19:93 means servant of Allah

Note 2. The “only begotten son” is not a biological relationship with Allah

The “only begotten son” means the servant of Allah with the supreme authority to speak “in the name of Allah” to the people in his time. 

Jesus Isa was the “only begotten son” 2000 years ago in the same way as Moses Musa was the “only begotten son” 3200 years ago. 

Note 3. Some Christians misunderstood son to mean a real biological son of Allah instead of the correct meaning which is servant of Allah in the Torah Taurat and Gospel Injil and Quran 19:93 


Comment 1. The meaning of the son of Allah in the Torah is servant of Allah.

The meaning of the son of Allah in the Taurat is servant of Allah.


Torah Exodus 4:22 And you (Prophet Moses Musa) shall say to Pharaoh Firon, The Lord (Allah) says, “Israel is My son, My first born.” (Meaning, Israel is Allah’s servant because they believe in Allah).

Torah Exodus 4:23 And (Allah) have said to you (Pharaoh Firon), Let My son (meaning My servant) go so that he may serve Me (Allah) and you (Pharaoh Firon) have refused to let him go…”)

Note 1. In the Torah Taurat all the children of Israel are called the son of Allah meaning the servant of Allah because they believe in Allah.

Note 2. Jesus Isa is one of the children of Israel therefore Jesus Isa is a son of Allah meaning a servant of Allah because Jesus Isa believes in Allah.

Note 3. The Gospel Injil is the story of one of the children of Israel named Jesus Isa who is a son of Allah meaning a servant of Allah.



1a. The meaning of the son of Allah in the Gospel is servant of Allah.

The meaning of the son of Allah in the Injil is servant of Allah.


Gospel of John 14:28 "You heard how I (Jesus Isa) said to you (the disciples of Jesus Isa), 'I (Jesus Isa) am going away, and will be coming to you (the disciples of Jesus Isa).' If you (the disciples of Jesus Isa) loved me (Jesus Isa the messenger of Allah), you would rejoice that I (Jesus Isa) am going to the Father (Allah), for the Father (Allah) is greater than I (Jesus Isa, because Allah is the creator and Jesus Isa is a created human).

Note 1. Jesus is not Allah because Allah is greater than Jesus Isa.


Gospel of John 20:17 Jesus Isa said … “I (Jesus Isa) am ascending to my Father and your Father; to my Allah and your Allah.”

Note 1. Jesus Isa believes in one Allah.

Note 2. Jesus Isa is not Allah.

Note 3. The soul of every human is raised to Allah.

Note 4. Allah is raising the soul of Jesus Isa like Allah raises the soul of every human.


Gospel of Matthew 23:9 (Jesus Isa said) and call no one on earth (including Jesus Isa) your father (Allah), because there is only one father (Allah) for you, the heavenly one …”

Note 1. No one on the Earth is Allah because everything on the Earth is created by Allah.

Allah is not in one place however to make clear that Jesus Isa is not Allah the expression “Allah in heaven” is used to show that Jesus Isa who is on the Earth is not Allah.


Gospel of Mark 13:32 (Jesus Isa who was the prophet and messenger of Allah 2000 years ago said) "But as to that day or that hour (of the Day of Resurrection), no one knows, not even the angels in heaven (the Holy Spirit and the other angels who are servants of Allah), not even the Son (Jesus Isa who is a servant of Allah), but only the Father (Allah who is the creator of every creation). 

Note 1. Only Allah knows the hour of the Day of Resurrection.

The Holy Ghost revealed to Jesus Isa that only Allah knows the hour of the Day of Resurrection therefore Jesus Isa is not Allah and the Holy Spirit is not Allah because both Jesus Isa and the Holy Spirit are created by Allah.

 

Gospel of Matthew 24:36 (Jesus Isa who was the prophet and messenger of Allah 2000 years ago said) But as for that day and hour (of the Day of Resurrection), no one knows it except the Father (Allah) alone; not even the angels of heaven (the Holy Spirit and the other angels who are servants of Allah), not even the Son (Jesus Isa who is a servant of Allah).

Note 1. Only Allah knows the hour of the Day of Resurrection.

The Holy Spirit revealed to Jesus Isa that only Allah knows the hour of the Day of Resurrection therefore Jesus Isa is not Allah and the Holy Spirit is not Allah because both Jesus Isa and the Holy Spirit are created by Allah.


See 1. The 8 signs of Prophet Muhammad in the Gospel of Mark. 

https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/the-gospel-of-mark-1-5 
See 2. The 50 signs of Prophet Muhammad in the Gospel of Matthew. 
https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/the-gospel-of-matthew-1-7 
See 3. The 377 signs of Prophet Muhammad in the Gospel of Luke. 
https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/the-377-signs-of-prophet-muhammad-in-the-gospel-of-luke 
See 4. The hundreds of signs of Prophet Muhammad in the Gospel of John. 
https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/the-gospel-of-john-chapters-1-3 



1b. The meaning of the son of Allah in the Koran is servant of Allah.

The meaning of the son of Allah in the Quran is servant of Allah.


Quran 19:93 verse 19:93 There is no one in the heavens and the earth who does not come to the Most Merciful (Allah) except as a servant.

Note 1. Every creation is a servant of Allah because Allah is the creator of every creation.

Note 2. Allah in the Quran warned the Christians against using the words son of Allah because when some Christians used those words they using them as if Jesus Isa was a real biological son and partner with Allah.



Quran 7:187 Verse 7:187 They ask you (Prophet Muhammad) about The Hour (of the Day of Resurrection) and when it shall come. Say, “Knowledge of this is with my Lord (Allah) only. He (Allah) alone shall make it happen at the proper time. It lays heavily on the heavens and the earth (because of the greatness of that event). It shall come to you suddenly. They question you as if you might be well informed of it. Say, “Knowledge of it is with Allah only, but most of the people do not know that (because they think others have this knowledge).”

Note 1. Only Allah knows the hour of the Day of Resurrection.

The Holy Spirit revealed to Muhammad that only Allah knows the hour of the Day of Resurrection therefore Moses Musa and Jesus Isa and Muhammad are not Allah and the Holy Spirit is not Allah because both the humans (Moses Musa and Jesus Isa and Muhammad) and the angels (the Holy Spirit of Allah angel Gabriel Jibril) are created by Allah.


Comment 2. See Quran 18:5, 18:6, 18:52, 18:102 and 18:110    

Quran 18:5 Verse 18:5 They have no knowledge of it (of Allah having a real biological son because Allah created all the creations including Adam who had no mother and no father so Allah has no need to create a son for Himself), nor (had) their fathers (any such knowledge of Allah creating a real biological son for Himself). Awful is the word that comes out of their mouths (when they say Allah has a real biological son and then they pray to the created son instead of praying to Allah who created everything). They speak nothing but a lie (because everything in the Heavens and the Earth belongs to Allah so Allah has no need of a real biological son since Allah already owns everything and everyone that Allah has created).

Note 1. “Son of Allah” is not a biological relationship with Allah

Allah has no real biological son. 

“Son of Allah” in the Torah Taurat and Gospel Injil and Quran 19:93 means servant of Allah

Note 2. The “only begotten son” is not a biological relationship with Allah

The “only begotten son” means the servant of Allah with the supreme authority to speak “in the name of Allah” to the people in his time. 

Jesus Isa was the “only begotten son” 2000 years ago in the same way as Moses Musa was the “only begotten son” 3200 years ago. 

Note 3. Some Christians misunderstood son to mean a real biological son of Allah instead of the correct meaning which is servant of Allah in the Torah Taurat and Gospel Injil and Quran 19:93 


Comment 1. Son of Allah means servant of Allah.
Allah in the Quran warned the Christians against using the words son of Allah because when some Christians used those words they used them as if Jesus Isa was a real biological son and partner with Allah.
See Quran 18:4, 18:6, 18:52, 18:102 and 18:110 comments.

The Books of Allah are protected by Allah.
The proof of the existance of Allah are the Books of Allah.
The Torah Taurat in the time of Prophet Muhammad is the same Torah Taurat today.
The Psalms Zabur in the time of Prophet Muhammad is the same Psalms Zabur today.
The Gospel Injil in the time of Prophet Muhammad is the same Gospel Injil today.
The Koran Quran in the time of Prophet Muhammad is the same Koran Quran today.
The correct understanding of the meaning of the word “son” as used by Allah allows for the proper understanding of the word “son” as used by Allah in the Torah Taurat, Psalms Zabur, Gospel Injil and Koran Quran.

Comment 2Son of Allah in Judaism.
What does son of Allah mean in Judaism?
Son of Allah in Judaism means servant of Allah.

2a. Son of Allah in the Torah of Moses. 
Son of Allah in the Taurat of Musa. 
Son of Allah in Judaism.

Torah Exodus 4:21 And the Lord (Allah) said to Prophet Moses Musa, “When you go back into Egypt make sure you show to the Pharaoh Firon (the King of Egypt) all the wonders (miracles) that I have put in your hand (meaning that Allah has given to you to show to him as proof that you speak the truth), but I (Allah) shall harden his (the Pharaoh’s Firon’s) heart and he shall not let the people (of the children of Israel) go.
Torah Exodus 4:22 And you (Prophet Moses Musa) shall say to Pharaoh Firon, The Lord (Allah) says, “Israel is My son, My first born.”
Torah Exodus 4:23 And I (Allah) have said to you (Pharaoh Firon), Let My son go so that he may serve Me (Allah) and you (Pharaoh Firon) have refused to let him (the children of Israel) go…”
Note 1. In Torah, Exodus 4:22, 4:23 Allah said that all the Children of Israel are “His son” meaning Allah’s servants.
Note 2. A father loves his son and a good son is obedient to his father. Allah uses the word “son” to mean a relationship of love by Allah the creator for His creation and Allah uses the word “son” to mean a relationship of obedience through the fear and the love of the creation to Allah who is its creator.

2b. Son of Allah in the Psalms of David. 
Son of Allah in the Psalms of Dawud. 
Son of Allah in the Zabur of Dawud. 
Son of Allah in Judaism.
The Psalms Zabur are songs with musical instruments used in ancient Israel in the time of the prophets and chanted by both the Levites who assisted the priests and the children of Israel who assembled in congregational prayers to praise Allah and comment on the revelations of Allah and discuss what is right and what is wrong.
This Psalm Zabur is directed to the leaders such as the Kings and the Judges in the world.

Jewish Bible Psalm 2:6 Truly I (Allah) have established My king (the ruler) on Zion, My holy mountain (Zion is in the hills of Jerusalem Al-Quds known as the city of David Dawud, Zion and later included the area of the first Temple in Jerusalem Al-Quds and sometimes Zion referred to all of Jerusalem Al-Quds).

Jewish Bible Psalm 2:7 I shall tell of the decree (from Allah). The Lord (Allah) said to me (The King, the ruler), “You are My son, This day I (Allah) have begotten (meaning given My favour and My blessing to) you.
Note 1. In the Jewish Bible Psalm 2:7 begotten is the human to whom Allah has given Allah’s favour and Allah’s blessing.

Comment 3Son of Allah in Christianity.
What does son of Allah mean in Christianity?
Son of Allah in Christianity means servant of Allah.
Son of Allah in the Gospel of Jesus. 
Son of Allah in the Gospel of Isa. 
Son of Allah in the Injil of Isa. 
Son of Allah in Christianity.
Allah in the Quran warned the Christians against using the words son of Allah because when some Christians used those words they used them as if Jesus Isa was a real biological son and partner with Allah.

Gospel of John 1:1 In the beginning (before anything was created) was the Word (which Allah had decreed), and the Word (which Allah had decreed) was with Allah, and the Word (which Allah had decreed) was Allah (meaning everything is decreed by Allah).

Note 1. Before anything was created Allah already existed.

Note 2. Before anything was created Allah had decreed the past and the present and the future.


Gospel of John 1:2 He (meaning everything that Allah had decreed) was with Allah in the beginning (meaning Allah decreed the past and the present and the future before anything was created).

Note 1. Before anything was created Allah had decreed the past and the present and the future.

Note 2. The decree of the past present and future for every creation was with Allah in the beginning.


Gospel of John 1:3 Through him (Allah) all things were made, and without him (Allah) not one thing was made that has been made.

Note 1. There is not one creation that Allah has not created therefore Allah created every creation including the Holy Spirit angel Gabriel Jibril and Jesus Isa who is a human and a prophet who foretells the future and a messenger who delivers the Gospel and a messiah anointed as a righteous servant of Allah.


Gospel of John 1:5 And the light (of guidance) shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not mastered it (because darkness is removed when the light of guidance shines).

Note 1. Throughout history Allah has sent prophets, messengers and messiahs to teach and preach the word of Allah as a light to guide human behaviour.


Gospel of John 1:4 In him (Allah) was life (that Allah had decreed), and (in) that life (that Allah had decreed there) was the light (of guidance) for humankind.

Note 1. In the life that Allah created Allah included guidance for human behaviour that is delivered by the prophets of Allah who foretell the future and the messengers of Allah who deliver the Books of Allah (the Torah Taurat, Gospel Injil and Koran Quran).


Explain Gospel of John 1:14.

Gospel of John 1:14 (Throughout history Allah has guided humans with prophets, messengers and messiahs, and 2000 years ago Allah sent another) and the Word (that Allah had decreed before anything was created) became flesh (came into existence), and moved his tent in among us (meaning delivered the knowledge of Allah’s existence to the Earth through a human prophet and messenger and messiah); and we beheld his glory, the glory as of an only begotten (meaning the only one in a time 2000 years ago to whom Allah had given His favour, blessing and grace as a messenger of Allah that was), passed on (to the created human called Jesus Isa) from a Father (Allah who created Jesus Isa), full of grace and truth.

Note 1. What does Father mean?

Allah is the Father of every creation meaning Allah is the creator of every creation.

Note 2. What does begotten mean?

In the Torah Taurat and Gospel Injil begotten means create, give birth and give favour, blessing and grace.

Son means servant in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil and the Koran Quran.

Note 3. What does the only begotten mean?

In the Gospel Injil the only begotten means create, give birth and give favour, blessing and grace to the only servant of Allah who has supreme authority to speak on the Earth as a prophet messenger and messiah in the name of Allah to the people in his time.

Throughout history Allah has put His favour and blessing and grace on a messenger of Allah who was the leading servant of Allah at that time.


Explain Gospel of John 3:16.

Gospel of John 3:16 "For Allah (who is the creator of every creation) so loved the world (that He created), that he (Allah) gave (meaning created) his only begotten Son (Son means servant in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil and the Quran, his only begotten servant Jesus Isa who is the human on whom 

Allah gave favour, blessing and grace as the only servant of Allah who had supreme authority to speak on the Earth as a prophet messenger and messiah in the name of Allah to the people in his time 2000 years ago), so that everyone who believes in him (the message delivered by Jesus Isa in the Gospel Injil which came through the Holy Spirit angel Gabriel Jibril from Allah) would not perish (in Hell fire), but have everlasting life (in Paradise).

Note 1. What does Son mean?

Son means servant.

Every creation is the willing or unwilling servant of Allah.

The Gospel Injil is the story of one of the servants of Allah.

Son does not mean a partner with Allah or a part of Allah or a biological relationship with Allah.

In the Torah Taurat the children of Israel are called the Son of Allah meaning the servant of Allah.

Note 2. What does Son of Allah mean?

The “son of Allah” in the Gospel Injil is the same as “the son of Allah” in the Torah Taurat. 

The word “son” is used to describe a relationship of fear, love and belief in Allah and not a relationship where Allah has a partner, descendent or an off-spring (children).

Partners, descendents and off-spring are part of the creation.

Allah the creator has no need for partners, descendents and off-spring (children).

 

Before Jesus Allah sent Moses 3200 years ago.

Before Isa Allah sent Musa 3200 years ago.

"For Allah (who is the creator of every creation) so loved the world (that He created), that he (Allah) gave (meaning created) his only begotten Son (Son means servant in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil and the Quran, his only begotten servant Moses Musa who is the human on whom Allah gave favour, blessing and grace as the only servant of Allah who had supreme authority to speak on the Earth as a prophet and messenger in the name of Allah to the people in his time 3200 years ago), so that everyone who believes in him (the message delivered by Moses Musa in the Torah Taurat which came through the Holy Spirit angel Gabriel Jibril from Allah) would not perish (in Hell fire), but have everlasting life (in Paradise).

 

After Jesus Allah sent Muhammad 1400 years ago. 

After Isa Allah sent Muhammad 1400 years ago.

"For Allah (who is the creator of every creation) so loved the world (that He created), that he (Allah) gave (meaning created) his only begotten Son (Son means servant in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil and the Quran, his only begotten servant Muhammad who is the human on whom Allah gave favour, blessing and grace as the only servant of Allah who had supreme authority to speak on the Earth as a prophet and messenger in the name of Allah to the people in his time 1400 years ago), so that everyone who believes in him (the message delivered by Muhammad in the Quran which came through the Holy Spirit angel Gabriel Jibril from Allah) would not perish (in Hell fire), but have everlasting life (in Paradise).

 

3a. Why did Allah reveal that another prophet would be sent after Jesus Isa? 

Misinterpretation of the meaning of “son of Allah” was a major error in the interpretation of the Gospel Injil for which Allah provided correction and explanation in the Quran.

In the Gospel Injil those who loved and feared Allah believed prophet Jesus Isa.

Prophet Jesus Isa is called the “son of Allah” meaning Prophet Jesus Isa was a servant of Allah who loved and feared Allah.

In the Gospel Injil those who truly believed in Allah believed that Prophet Jesus Isa was a messenger from Allah.

In the Gospel Injil all people who truly believed in Allah are called children of Allah meaning servants of Allah.

The Gospel Injil is the story of Prophet Jesus Isa who is a man with the title the son of Allah meaning the servant of Allah.

The Gospel Injil says that those who believe in the “son” Prophet Jesus Isa believe in the “father” Allah meaning that those who believe that Prophet Jesus Isa is a messenger of Allah, they are the ones who really believe in Allah and they know that Allah is the Father of every creation meaning Allah is the creator of every creation. 

If you believe Prophet Jesus Isa is sent by Allah then you believe in Allah. 

If you believe Prophet Jesus Isa then you believe the words that were revealed to Prophet Jesus Isa by Allah.


Gospel of John 14:6 Jesus Isa says to him (Thomas), "I (Jesus Isa the messenger of Allah) am the way (to understanding Allah who is the creator of every creation), and the truth (of the existence of Allah) and the life (after death in Paradise for the righteous among humans). No one (2000 years ago and after that time) comes to the Father (Allah) except through me (Jesus Isa, meaning except through following the message from Allah that was delivered through the Holy Spirit angel Gabriel Jibril to Jesus Isa in the Good News Gospel Injil).

Note 1. The messenger prophets from Allah are the way and the truth and the life; no one comes to Allah but through the teachings of Allah’s messenger prophets.

3200 years ago the way to Allah and the truth of Allah and the life in the hereafter was through the teachings of Prophet Moses Musa.

2000 years ago the way to Allah and the truth of Allah and the life in the hereafter was through the teachings of Prophet Jesus Isa.

1400 years ago the way to Allah and the truth of Allah and the life in the hereafter was through the teachings of Prophet Muhammad.


Jesus said another prophet would come after Jesus in the Gospel of John 14:16, 15:26 – 15:27, 16:7 – 16:15. 

Isa said another prophet would come after Isa in the Gospel of John 14:16, 15:26 – 15:27, 16:7 – 16:15. 

See Gospel of John 14:16 here:

https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/the-gospel-of-john-chapters-13-14   

See Gospel of John 15:26 – 15:27, 16:7 – 16:10 here: 

https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/the-gospel-of-john-chapters-15-16a    

See Gospel of John 16:11 Judgements 1 to 34 here: 

https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/the-gospel-of-john-chapter-16b

See Gospel of John 16:11 Judgements 35 to 39 after the end in section C. References here:

https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/the-gospel-of-john-chapter-21

See Gospel of John 16:12 – 16:15 here: 

https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/the-gospel-of-john-chapters-16c-18 


Comment 4Son of Allah in Islam.
What does son of Allah mean in Islam?
Son of Allah in Islam means servant of Allah.
Son of Allah in the Quran. 
Son of Allah in the Koran. 
Son of Allah in Islam.
Allah in the Quran warned the Christians against using the words son of Allah because when some Christians used those words they used them as if Jesus Isa was a real biological son and partner with Allah.
Everything that Allah creates is a servant of Allah.

Quran 19:93 verse 19:93 There is no one in the heavens and the earth who does not come to the Most Merciful (Allah) except as a servant.


Comment 5. See Quran 18:4, 18:6, 18:52, 18:102 and 18:110.   


Quran 18:6 Verse 18:6 It may be that if they (the idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah Arabia who believe Allah has taken Angels as Allah’s daughters or some among the Jews of Yathrib Arabia who believe Allah has taken Prophet Ezra Uzair as Allah’s son or the Christians who believe Allah has taken Prophet Jesus Isa as Allah’s son) do not believe this revelation (in Quran 18:5) that you (Prophet Muhammad) shall worry yourself to exhaustion in grief over their (strong commitment to their false) beliefs.


Comment 1. The belief in a son of Allah among the Jews of Yathrib Arabia.  

The belief in daughters of Allah among the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah Arabia.

The belief in a son of Allah among the Christians.  

A Jew in Yathrib, Arabia today Medina Madinah Saudi Arabia who was with a gathering of other Jews said, “Prophet Ezra Uzair is the son of Allah” and he was not corrected by other Jews with him. 

“Prophet Ezra Uzair is the son of Allah” was said as a way of rejecting the Jewish need for Prophet Muhammad.

It might be said that the Jew was arguing that since the Christians have a son of Allah named Prophet Jesus Isa that saves the Christians from Hell fire, then in the same way the Jews have their own son of Allah named Prophet Ezra Uzair who saves the Jews from Hell Fire.

This is an argument invented by Jews in Yathrib Arabia in the time that Prophet Muhammad lived in Yathrib because Jews elsewhere before that time and after that time have never said that Prophet Ezra Uzair is the son of Allah.

It shows how some of the Jews of Yathrib Arabia talked in the name of Allah with disrespect.

Such talk in the ears of the Muslims of Yathrib Arabia would have sounded the same as the talk of the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah Arabia whom the Muslims were fighting.

The stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah similarly said that angels are the daughters of Allah.

For the Jews to have rejected Prophet Muhammad and speak in the name of Allah with disrespect would have sounded to the ears of Muslims like the talk of a people that did not believe in Allah or like the talk of a people who were hypocrites (those that say they believe in Allah but they do not really believe in Allah).


Quran 10:104 Verse 10:104 Say (Prophet Muhammad), “O people (of Mecca Makkah), If you are in doubt of my religion then (know that) I do not worship whom you worship as partners with Allah (meaning, Prophet Muhammad does not pray to idols or dead people such as saints or to messengers of Allah such as Jesus Isa) but I (Prophet Muhammad) worship Allah (only because Allah is the one) who causes you to die (and to be resurrected) and I (Prophet Muhammad) have been commanded to be one of the believers (of Allah).


Quran 10:105 Verse 10:105 And, (Prophet Muhammad) make your purpose (meaning, make your life) for religion, as a righteous man and do not be like those who assign partners (to Allah, meaning pray only to Allah who created you and not to “so-called” partners of Allah such as idols, dead people called saints or messengers of Allah such as Prophet Jesus Isa because only your creator has the power to hear prayer).


Quran 10:106 Verse 10:106 And do not pray to “so-called” partners of Allah (such as idols, dead people called saints or messengers of Allah such as Prophet Jesus Isa because only your creator has the power to hear prayer and therefore these “so-called” partners of Allah) cannot benefit you nor harm you so if you pray to them (the things and the people that Allah created) then you are a wrong-doer (because you are idol worshipping by praying to the creations of Allah instead of praying to Allah who is the creator of all the creations).


Comment 2. Why do Muslims love Jews? Why do Muslims love Christians?

Allah loves the Jews.

Allah loves the Jews with the promise of a double reward in the hereafter.

Allah loves the children of Israel.

Allah loves the children of Israel with the promise of a double reward in the hereafter.

Allah loves the Christians.

Allah loves the Christians with the promise of a double reward in the hereafter.

Quran 28:53 Verse 28:53 And when it (the Quran) is recited to them (the Jews who truly believe the Torah Taurat and the Christians who truly believe the Gospel Injil), they (those Jews and Christians) say, “We believe in it (the Koran Quran). It is the Truth from our Lord (Allah). Even before it (the Quran was revealed to us) we were of those (Jews and Christians) who submitted (and obeyed Allah).

Quran 28:54 Verse 28:54 They (the Jews who truly believe the Torah Taurat and the Christians who truly believe the Gospel Injil and who then accept Allah’s Quran) shall be given their reward twice (meaning that their reward in the hereafter shall be increased two times once for their belief in Allah when they were Jewish or Christian and once for their belief in Allah when they accepted Islam and became Muslim), because they are steadfast (in their belief in Allah) and they repel evil with good (deeds) and they spend (in charity) from what We (Allah) have provided to them.

Note 1. The Allah of the Jews, Christians and Muslims is the same Allah.

Note 2. The Allah of the Torah, Gospel and Koran is the same Allah.

The Allah of the Torah, Gospel and Quran is the same Allah.

The Allah of the Taurat, Injil and Quran is the same Allah.

04A allah http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/allah-protects-his-taurat-injil-and-quran   


Comment 3. Why is the life of a disbeliever very important?

Allah gives every human a life time to discover the meaning of life.

The life of a disbeliever is very important because the disbeliever is given a life time to discover the purpose of life.

Allah forgives every sin including the sin of idol worship if humans ask for Allah’s forgiveness.

In Islam this life is very important because this life determines what shall happen in the hereafter.

The life of a disbeliever is very important because while they have life they have the chance to find correct guidance.

Quran 5:8 Verse 5:8 “... do not let (your) hatred of a people make you act unjustly. Act justly, that is nearer to righteousness and fear Allah. Allah is aware of what you do.”

Quran 8:32 Verse 8:32 And they (the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah) said, “O Allah, If this is the truth from you then rain down stones on us or bring on us some painful punishment.”

Quran 8:33 Verse 8:33 But Allah would not punish them (the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah) while you (Prophet Muhammad) were with them, nor shall He (Allah) punish them while they (might) seek forgiveness.

Quran 18:55 Verse 18:55 And nothing prevents people from believing when the guidance (of Allah) comes to them and from asking forgiveness of their Lord (Allah) unless they want the example (given in Quran 18:59 and in the Gospel Injil and in the Torah Taurat of the judgment of Allah) on the people of the past to be (also) put on them or if the punishment (of Allah) should come in front of them (in the Hereafter when it is too late to say, “Now I believe in Allah and I ask your forgiveness”).


Forgive disbelievers in this life like you want Allah to forgive you in the next life.

Quran 45:14 Verse 45:14 Say (Prophet Muhammad) to those who believe (in Allah that) they (should) forgive those who do not expect the Days of Allah (in the hereafter, meaning forgive the disbelievers, forgive the non believers, forgive the stone idol worshippers in Mecca, forgive the people who do not believe in Allah) so that He (Allah) may reward (the righteous) people for what they earn (in reward for the hereafter by obeying Allah’s command that the people who believe in Allah should forgive the people who do not believe in Allah so that you forgive the disbelievers in your life in the same way that you wish Allah to forgive you in the next life in the hereafter).

Note 1. Allah is the most merciful and the most forgiving.
Note 2. Allah teaches humans to follow the example of Allah to be merciful and forgiving.
Allah teaches humans to follow the way of Allah to be merciful and forgiving.
Allah teaches humans to follow the path of Allah to be merciful and forgiving.
Allah teaches humans to follow the cause of Allah to be merciful and forgiving.
Note 3. Forgive disbelieves in this world just as you would like Allah to forgive you in the next world (the hereafter).

Note 4. Verses that Allah revealed in the Quran during a time of war with stone idol worshippers in Mecca Arabia today Makkah Saudi Arabia do not cancel the revelations Allah revealed earlier in the Quran just as the verses that Allah revealed in the Torah Taurat during a time of war with stone idol worshippers in Canaan today Israel and Palestine do not cancel the revelations Allah revealed earlier in the Torah Taurat.

All of Allah’s verses carry a message of wisdom for humankind.

Some verses give guidance in times of war and other verses give guidance in times of peace.

The correct interpretation of each verse in the Books of Allah gives knowledge and wisdom and guidance to whoever Allah wills.


Comment 4. See Quran 18:4 – 18:5, 18:52 and 18:102, 18:110.   


Quran 18:7 Verse 18:7 We (Allah) have put all that is on the earth as decoration (that is pleasing to humans and jinn) so that We (Allah) may test them (humans and jinn) to show which among them is best in behavior.


Comment 1. Allah tests humans to show who is best in behavior.

Quran 5:48 Verse 5:48 And to you (Prophet Muhammad) We (Allah) revealed the Scripture (the Quran) with the truth that confirmed the Scripture that was before it (in the Gospel Injil and the Torah Taurat) and (for you Prophet Muhammad to be) a guardian over it (the Quran). So judge between them (the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims) by what Allah has revealed (to you Prophet Muhammad) and do not let their desires move you away from the truth that has come to you. For each (community of Jews, Christians and Muslims) We (Allahhave appointed a divine law and a way (of religion). If Allah willed He (Allahcould have made you (the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims) one community. But He (Allahtests you (the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims) by what He (Allahhas given you (in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil and the Koran Quran to show who is best in behaviour). So strive for all that is good. To Allah you shall all return and He (Allah) shall then inform you (in the Hereafter) about (the correctness of) the religious matters in which you (the Jews, the Christians and the Muslimsargue among each other.

Note 1. Allah does not require humans to all be in one religion (Quran 5:48).
Note 2. Allah does require that every religion worship only Allah (Quran 3:85).
Note 3. Allah says if the Jews and the Christians and others worship only Allah like the Muslims worship only Allah then the Jews and the Christians and others are correctly guided by Allah (Quran 3:64). 
Note 4. Allah commands the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims to do what is good according to what Allah has given them in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil and the Koran Quran to show which humans are the best in behaviour.
Note 5. Allah says that on the Day of Resurrection and Judgement in the hereafter every human will return to Allah and Allah shall inform them about the religious matters about which they argued.

Note 6. Allah protects the Torah Taurat for every Jewish generation until the Day of Judgement (Quran 5:48). 
Note 7. Allah protects the Gospel Injil for every Christian generation until the Day of Judgement (Quran 5:48). 
Note 8. Allah protects the Koran Quran for every Muslim generation until the Day of Judgement (Quran 5:48). 
Note 9. Entry to Paradise the Garden of Eden the Garden of Righteousness Jannah is not based on the question of Sunni or Shia or Muslim or Jew or Christian but it is based on your good behaviour towards all humans and creatures in this world and your relationship with Allah (Quran 5:48).


Quran 7:129 Verse 7:129 They (the Children of Israel) said (to Prophet Moses Musa), “We suffered harm before you came to us and since you have come to us.” He (Prophet Moses Musa) said, “It may be that your Lord is going to destroy your enemy (in Egypt and in Canaan) and make you inherit the land (by punishing the Pharaoh Firon of Egypt in Quran 7:136 and by replacing the idol worshipping people in Canaan with the worship of Allah by the children of Israel in Quran 5:20 - 5:26, 7:137) so that He (Allah) may see how you (the children of Israel) behave.

Note 1. Why does Allah give people land?

Allah gives land so that Allah may see how humans behave.

1. Do you show mercy in the land?

2. Do you forgive in the land?

3. Do you make peace in the land?

4. Do you deal fairly and with justice in the land?

5. In the hereafter no person shall be able to deny that Allah’s judgement of them will be correct because they shall be shown the good and the evil that they did.


Quran 18:7 Verse 18:7 We (Allah) have put all that is on the earth as decoration (that is pleasing to humans and jinn) so that We (Allah) may test them (humans and jinn) to show which among them is best in behavior.


Quran 18:8 Verse 18:8 And (when the hour of the end of the Earth comes) We (Allah) shall make all that is on it (the earth) dust (as if nothing had existed there).


Comment 1. On the Day of Resurrection the Earth shall not exist.

On the Day of Resurrection in the Hereafter people shall be on barren ground and each person shall be judged on that Day of Judgement.

Comment 2. What happens in the grave?

The end of the Earth when all humans are dead in the grave meaning their souls are in heaven waiting for the Day of Resurrection is the beginning of the story of the seven sleepers who represent sleeping in the grave with the question "how much time passed (between your death and your resurrection)" and the answer every person will say when they wake up on the Day of Resurrection is that death feels like “staying in sleep for one day or part of one day” in Quran 18:12 and Quran 18:19 .


Quran 18:9 Verse 18:9 Don’t you think that the people of the cave and the inscription (Raqeem, Er-Rakeem, Er-Raqim, Al-Rakim in Ephesus Turkey) that were among Our (Allah’s) signs were a miracle (from Allah to remind humans of their resurrection)?


Comment 1. The story of the people who slept in the cave is a story confirming the concept of resurrection.

1a. Ar-Raqim is a tablet of stone on which the people of the town wrote the story of the people of the cave and placed it at the entrance of the cave.


Quran 18:10 Verse 18:10 (Remember the story) when the young men fled for refuge to the cave and said, “Our Lord (Allah), give us your mercy and bless our affairs with Your (Allah’s) guidance.”


Comment 1. The story of the people who slept in the cave is a story confirming the concept that the source of guidance to do good and avoid evil is a belief in Allah the creator


Quran 18:11 Verse 18:11 Then We (Allah) closed their hearing (and they slept) in the cave for a number of years.


Comment 1. The story of the people who slept in the cave is a story confirming the concept of Allah through storytelling.


Quran 18:12 Verse 18:12 And We (Allah) awakened them so that We (Allah) might show which of the two groups (of men) would be most accurate in calculating how much time had passed (during their sleep).


Comment 1. What happens in the grave?

The story of the seven sleepers represent sleeping in the grave with the question "how much time passed (between your death and your resurrection)" and the answer every person will say when they wake up on the Day of Resurrection is that death feels like “staying in sleep for one day or part of one day” in Quran 18:19.


Quran 18:13 Verse 18:13 We (Allah) narrate their true story to you (Prophet Muhammad). They were young men who believed in their Lord (Allah) and We (Allah) increased them in (Allah’s) guidance.


Comment 1. What is the truth?
Truth means these are not invented stories.
Truth means these are the stories inspired by belief in Allah.
Truth means these stories can be found in the Books of Allah, the Torah Taurat Jewish Bible and/or the Gospel Injil Christian Bible and/or other inspired writings.


Quran 12:111 Verse 12:111 "... It (the Quran) is not an invented story but it is a confirmation of what came before it (in the Scriptures of the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil) ..." 

Quran 26:196 Verse 26:196 It (the revelations from Allah in the Quran) is (also) in the Scriptures of the people of the past (in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil). 

Quran 41:43 Verse 41:43 Nothing is said (by Allah) to you (Prophet Muhammad) except what has already been said to the messengers before you. Your Lord (Allah) is the possessor of forgiveness and severe punishment.


1a. The Seven Sleepers of Ephesus.

This is a true story meaning it has not been invented. 

Just as Allah has used Jewish stories from Rabbis in the Quran to guide the Jews to the truth of the Quran, Allah has done the same with this Christian story to guide the Christians to the truth of the Quran.

The story of the seven sleepers of Ephesus is in the story from humans recorded in 104 BH 521 CE 521 AD by a Christian bishop named Jacob of Serugh.  

The story of the seven sleepers of Ephesus in Turkey is based on a story that had already existed meaning it was not a new invention but was based on an earlier story. 

See http://orion.mscc.huji.ac.il/symposiums/13th/papers/Horst.pdf  


1b. Why does Allah use Jewish and Christian stories to guide Jews and Christians to the Quran?

Allah loves the Jews.

Allah loves the Jews with the promise of a double reward in the hereafter.

Allah loves the children of Israel.

Allah loves the children of Israel with the promise of a double reward in the hereafter.

Allah loves the Christians.

Allah loves the Christians with the promise of a double reward in the hereafter.

Quran 28:53 Verse 28:53 And when it (the Quran) is recited to them (the Jews who truly believe the Torah Taurat and the Christians who truly believe the Gospel Injil), they (those Jews and Christians) say, “We believe in it (the Koran Quran). It is the Truth from our Lord (Allah). Even before it (the Quran was revealed to us) we were of those (Jews and Christians) who submitted (and obeyed Allah).

Quran 28:54 Verse 28:54 They (the Jews who truly believe the Torah Taurat and the Christians who truly believe the Gospel Injil and who then accept Allah’s Quran) shall be given their reward twice (meaning that their reward in the hereafter shall be increased two times once for their belief in Allah when they were Jewish or Christian and once for their belief in Allah when they accepted Islam and became Muslim), because they are steadfast (in their belief in Allah) and they repel evil with good (deeds) and they spend (in charity) from what We (Allah) have provided to them.

Note 1. The Allah of the Jews, Christians and Muslims is the same Allah.

Note 2. The Allah of the Torah, Gospel and Koran is the same Allah.

The Allah of the Torah, Gospel and Quran is the same Allah.

The Allah of the Taurat, Injil and Quran is the same Allah.

04A allah http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/allah-protects-his-taurat-injil-and-quran   


1c The stories of the sleepers in Greek, Jewish and Christian tradition.

See http://orion.mscc.huji.ac.il/symposiums/13th/papers/Horst.pdf  


Quran 18:14 Verse 18:14 And We (Allah) strengthened their hearts (in firm belief) so that when they stood up they said, “Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth. We pray to no god except Him (Allah, the One who creates every creation), for (if we prayed to someone Allah created) then we would show complete disbelief (in Allah because Allah is not anything that is created but the creator of every creation).


Comment 1. The story of the people who slept in the cave is the story of faith in the existance of one creator.


Quran 18:15 Verse 18:15 (The young men who had fled to hide in the cave said), "Our people pray (to gods) other than Him (Allah). Why do they not bring for them a clear authority (that shows they are allowed to pray to something that has been created)? Who does more sin than the person who invents a lie against Allah (by praying to creations instead of praying to Allah who created all the creations)?


Comment 1. The story of the people who slept in the cave is the story of faith in the existance of one creator and the rejection of idol worship.


Quran 18:16 Verse 18:16 (The young men said to each another), "We have withdrawn from them (the idol worshippers) and what (created idols) they (mistakenly) pray to, instead of (correctly) praying to Allah (who is the creator of every creation) so let us take shelter in the cave. Our Lord (Allah) shall open a way for us from His (Allah’s) Mercy and make our affairs easy (Allahwilling and Allah did by sending them to sleep and providing them what they needed to survive)."


Comment 1. The story of the people who slept in the cave is the story of faith in Allah.


Quran 18:17 Verse 18:17 And (if you had been with the young men in the cave) you would have seen the Sun rise from the right side of their cave, and when it (the Sun) set, it moved across to the left side, while they slept inside the cave. That is one of the signs of Allah. The person whom Allah guides is rightly guided but the person whom He (Allah) sends astray for that person you shall find no guiding friend who is able to lead them (to the right path).


Comment 1. No one can put on the correct path a person that Allah has sent astray. 

For example Allah has made Satan Shaitan go astray until the Day of Judgement therefore no one can help Satan Shaitan to correct Satan’s way.


Comment 2. Allah has decreed freedom of belief.

Why are humans free to decide their belief?

Allah has given each human a life time to find their true belief.

Humans do not know if they are correctly guided or wrongly guided because each human is made to believe that their way of belief is the correct way.

The only judge of belief in Allah is Allah in the hereafter.


See Apostasy in Islam.

In the Quran Allah ordered freedom of religious belief 1400 years before the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

However incorrect understanding of the Quran and the hadith can cause wrongful killing of people in the name of Allah and in the name of human hadith stories.

298 god/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam   

298a allah/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-a    

298b allah/ayah https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-b     

298c allaah/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-c      

298d allaah/ayah https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-d  


Quran 18:18 Verse 18:18 And you would have thought that they were awake (when you saw how they moved) while they were asleep. And We (Allah) turned them on their right (side while they slept) and on their left sides (while they slept) and (made) their dog stretch his two forelegs at the entrance (of the cave like a guard dog). Had you looked at them, you would have runaway from them filled with fear of them (because the sleeping people and their dog appeared to be awake because they where being moved by Allah's will, but they were sleeping and could not be awakened).


Comment 1. The story of the people who slept in the cave is a story confirming creation is maintained by a creator.


Quran 18:19 Verse 18:19 And then We (Allah) awakened them (from their sleep) to ask each other a question. One said, "How long have we stayed (here sleeping)?" They said, "We have stayed (maybe) a day or part of a day but only Our Lord (Allah) knows how long we have stayed (here sleeping).” One of you go with this money to the town and find some good food to bring back (to the cave). Be careful and do not arouse any suspicion about you (in the town because we are still hiding from our people in this cave).


Comment 1. What does Allah teach us about the grave? 

The cave of the seven sleepers represents the grave.

The Day of Resurrection is represented by the seven sleepers waking up after 309 years of sleeping.

The story of the seven sleepers in the cave starts after Quran 18:8 where the Earth is destroyed and shows what happens between the time of death on the earth and the time of resurrection on a new earth in the hereafter. 

The story of the seven sleepers describes what happens in the grave and what people will say about the grave on the Day of Resurrection when every human both the wicked and the righteous will say that the time between death and resurrection feels like nothing but sleeping for only part of one day in Quran 23:113 or like only sleeping for one evening in Quran 79:46 or like only sleeping for one morning in Quran 79:46 or like only sleeping for one hour in Quran 30:55 or like only sleeping for ten hours in Quran 20:103. 

The story ends in Quran 18:21 saying that the purpose of the story of the seven sleepers in the cave is to show that there is no doubt about the coming of the hour of the Day of Resurrection.

This story also explains why the Day of Resurrection is near for every human in every generation.

This story also explains why the Day of Resurrection is near for every human in every generation.
On the Day of Resurrection every human will testify that death feels like nothing but sleeping for one day or part of one day and only Allah will know how much time passed between death and the Day of Resurrection.


Comment 2. There is no punishment in the grave.

The story of the seven people sleeping in the cave confirms Quran 20:103, 20:104, 30:55, 23:113 and 79:46 that resurrection from death to life on the Day of Resurrection will seem like a short sleep like sleeping for one hour or sleeping for part of a day.


See 1: Hadith punishment in the grave. Hadith torture in the grave. Hadith torment of the grave.

287 god/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/hadith-punishment-in-the-grave

287a allah/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/hadith-torture-in-the-grave

287b allah/ayah https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/hadith-torment-of-the-grave

287c allaah/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/hadith-adhab-al-qabar

287d allaah/ayah https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/hadith-azab-e-qabar 


See 2 Quran 40:46 comments here:

40 god/verse http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-chapter-40-god-helps-his-messengers-so-how-did-god-help-jesus

40a allah/verse http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-chapter-40-punishment-in-the-grave-is-not-in-the-quran

40b allah/ayah http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-surah-40-allah-helps-his-messengers-so-how-did-allah-help-jesus

40c allaah/verse http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-chapter-40-how-did-allaah-save-jesus-isa-from-death-on-the-cross

40d allaah/ayah http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-surah-40-allaah-helps-his-messengers-so-how-did-allaah-help-jesus



Quran 18:20 Verse 18:20 Because if they (the idol worshippers) find out who you are they shall stone you (to death) or turn you back to their religion and then you shall never be successful (in the hereafter).


Comment 1. Allah has decreed freedom of belief.

No human has the right to force another human to believe or disbelieve.
No human has the right to threaten another human to believe or disbelieve.
Only Allah determines the belief of a human.
Only Allah is the judge of the belief of a human.
The only judge of belief in Allah is Allah in the hereafter.
See Quran 18:17 comments.

Quran 18:21 Verse 18:21
And We (Allah) caused them to be found so that they (who found them), would know that the promise of Allah is true and that there is no doubt about (the reality of) the Hour (of the Day of Resurrection in the hereafter on a new earth, a new land, a new ground). When they (the people of the town) argued among themselves about this matter (of the people in the cave who had slept for 309 years in Quran 18:25 and were then resurrected from sleep and then died in sleep), they (one group of people) said, "Construct a structure (a shrine) over them (who are inside the cave), their Lord (Allah) knows best about them (meaning Allah knows all things because everything is by the will of Allah Inshallah as Allah advised in Quran 18:23 – 18:24 to show this is the correct decision)," Those who prevailed in the matter (were another group of people who) said, "We shall take (build) over them a place of worship" (and so in Ephesus in Turkey they built a House of prayer on top of the grave without saying Allah knows all things because everything is by the will of Allah Inshallah as Allah advised in Quran 18:23 – 18:24 to show that this was the wrong decision because the building of churches on top of graves moved people away from Allah and resulted in millions of Christians praying to dead human saints who have no power to hear prayer as that power belongs only to Allah. The Dome of the Rock and the al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem Al-Quds in Palestine today in Israel and Palestine is an example of how a structure for the remembrance of a human and a House for the worship of Allah are permitted when the two structures are physically separated. When Prophet Muhammad died he was buried next to a mosque in Medina Arabia today Madinah Saudi Arabia not inside a mosque. “Masjidan” meaning “a place of worship” in Quran 18:21 is “a church.” “Masjidan” is used two times in the Quran. See Quran 9:107 which also uses the word “masjidan” meaning “a mosque” to explain the misuse of a Mosque in Yathrib Madinah which Allah had revealed to Prophet Muhammad. Regarding the misuse of a mosque or any place of worship Allah says in Quran 9:108 “Never stand in such a mosque” and in Quran 9:109 it is Allah in the hereafter who judges humans and punishes humans for the misuse of places of worship. No human today has the knowledge of a prophet meaning it is not for a human to judge others for their belief or to punish others for their belief instead Allah has ordered protection for every house of worship in Quran 2:114 and Quran 22:40 and Allah will be the judge on the Day of Judgement because no one except Allah knows what will be the belief of each human at their time of death meaning Allah is the true judge of belief and not humans).

Comment 1. A church was built on the site of the 7 sleepers.
Before the time of Islam a church was built on the site of the 7 sleepers.
In Ephesus in Turkey Archaeologists found that the building of a church on the spot of the cave had begun by the middle of the fifth century around 177 BH 450 CE 450 AD.
See page 17 http://orion.mscc.huji.ac.il/symposiums/13th/papers/Horst.pdf  

Comment 2. Allah’s sign is the cave and the inscription confirming that the group proposing a structure (a shrine) over the cave was the correctly guided group.
Quran 18:9 Verse 18:9 Don’t you think that the people of the cave and the inscription (Raqeem, Er-Rakeem, Er-Raqim, Al-Rakim in Ephesus Turkeythat were among Our (Allah’s) signs were a miracle (from Allah)?
Note 1. Ar-Raqim is a tablet of stone on which the people of the town wrote the story of the people of the cave and placed it at the entrance of the cave.
Note 
2. The sign from Allah are the graves in a cave and an inscription at the entrance of the burial place that was written by the people of the town of Ephesus Turkey describing the miracle.

Comment 3. Why do some people kill humans and destroy mosques where humans are buried?
How much of your life have you used to teach one person the lesson in Quran 18:21?
Do you think Allah rewards people for killing men women and children who do not have your understanding when you have done nothing to teach the correct way to those whom you kill?


3a. A sin cannot be corrected by committing another sin.
Those who kill people by exploding bombs in mosques have committed a sin.
Quran 5:32 Verse 5:32 For this reason (that for the first time a human killed another human) We (Allah) ordered the children of Israel (through the inspiration of the teachers of the Jewish Talmud) that whoever kills a person it is as if that person killed all of humankind (to warn humans against the great evil of killing one human life so that humans understand the great value and preciousness of one human life) unless it is in retaliation for murder or for misbehaviour in the land. And whoever saves a life it is as if that person has saved all of humankind (to teach humans the great goodness in the saving of one human life so that humans understand the great value and preciousness of one human life). Our (Allah’s) messengers came to them (the children of Israel) with clear arguments but still after that (inspiration of the teachers of the Jewish Talmud) many of them (among the children of Israel) continued to commit great crimes (by killing humans unlawfully) in the land (so this is a message from Allah to the human not to commit the great crime of killing human life but instead to work to save human life). 

Note 1. Human life is equal in the eyes of Allah.

Allah’s order in Quran 5:32 to the children of Israel is based on the first murder on the earth which occurred long before the children of Israel existed. 

That shows that this law of Allah applies to all humans in all times who believe the word of Allah. 

This is because Allah has made clear that Allah regards one human life as equal to every human life that Allah has created and it is for Allah to judge on the Day of Judgement what each person did in the life that Allah gives to each person

Note 2. Human deeds are not equal in the eyes of Allah. 

Allah will judge on the Day of Judgement what each person did in the life that Allah gives to each person

That judgement is based on their deeds.

Quran 9:94 Verse 9:94 They (the hypocrites) shall make excuse to you (Muslims) when you return to them (after Tabouk). Say (to them) “Make no excuse because we do not believe you. Allah has told us news about you. Allah and His (Allah’s) Messenger shall observe your deeds and then you shall be brought back (resurrected) to Him (Allah) who knows the seen and the unseen and He (Allah) shall tell you what you used to do.

Quran 9:105 Verse 9:105 And say (to them), Do (as you will) and Allah shall see your deeds and (so shall) His (Allah’s) Messenger and the believers, and you shall be brought back to the knower of the unseen and the seen and (in the Hereafter) He (Allah) shall tell you what you used to do.


3b. Only a prophet of Allah is protected from wrong doing.
Quran 48:25 Verse 48:25 They (the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah Arabia today Saudi Arabia) are the ones who disbelieved (in Allah) and turned you (Prophet Muhammad) away from the Sacred Mosque (Al-Masjid-al-Haram in Mecca Makkah) and your offerings (of 70 camels to Allah for the feeding of the poor which) were prevented from reaching their place of sacrifice. (You would have been allowed to enter Mecca Makkah and fight for the sake of Allah to worship Allah at Allah’s Sacred Mosque in Mecca Makkah) if it were not that there were believing men and women who you did not know that you may have trampled (with your offerings of 70 camels that would have killed both the believers who you did not know and the non believers because of a stampede by those animals caused by fighting that Allah knew would occur) and so unknowingly you would have an evil deed against you(However Allah stopped you from entering Mecca Makkah) so that Allah might bring to His (Allah’s) mercy whom He (Allah) willed (by preventing you from making sin through your actions which would have killed innocent people). If they (the believers who you did not know and the wrongdoers who had sinned against Allah) had been apart (so that only the wrongdoers who had sinned against Allah were present) then We (Allah) would have punished those of them who disbelieved with a painful punishment (by allowing you into Mecca Makkah and allowing the animal stampede to occur to punish the stone idol worshippers who forbid your worship of Allah at the Sacred Mosque Al-Masjid-al-Haram in Mecca Makkah).

3c. Why has Allah given life to people with different beliefs?

Quran 5:48 Verse 5:48 And to you (Prophet Muhammad) We (Allah) revealed the Scripture (the Quran) with the truth that confirmed the Scripture that was before it (in the Gospel Injil and the Torah Taurat) and (for you Prophet Muhammad to be) a guardian over it (the Quran). So judge between them (the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims) by what Allah has revealed (to you Prophet Muhammad) and do not let their desires move you away from the truth that has come to you. For each (community of Jews, Christians and Muslims) We (Allahhave appointed a divine law and a way (of religion). If Allah willed He (Allahcould have made you (the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims) one community. But He (Allahtests you (the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims) by what He (Allahhas given you (in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil and the Koran Quran to show who is best in behaviour). So strive for all that is good. To Allah you shall all return and He (Allah) shall then inform you (in the Hereafter) about (the correctness of) the religious matters in which you (the Jews, the Christians and the Muslimsargue among each other.

Note 1. Allah does not require humans to all be in one religion (Quran 5:48).
Note 2. Allah does require that every religion worship only Allah (Quran 3:85).
Note 3. Allah says if the Jews and the Christians and others worship only Allah like the Muslims worship only Allah then the Jews and the Christians and others are correctly guided by Allah (Quran 3:64). 
Note 4. Allah commands the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims to do what is good according to what Allah has given them in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil and the Koran Quran to show which humans are the best in behaviour.
Note 5. Allah says that on the Day of Resurrection and Judgement in the hereafter every human will return to Allah and Allah shall inform them about the religious matters about which they argued.

Note 6. Allah protects the Torah Taurat for every Jewish generation until the Day of Judgement (Quran 5:48). 
Note 7. Allah protects the Gospel Injil for every Christian generation until the Day of Judgement (Quran 5:48). 
Note 8. Allah protects the Koran Quran for every Muslim generation until the Day of Judgement (Quran 5:48). 
Note 9. Entry to Paradise the Garden of Eden the Garden of Righteousness Jannah is not based on the question of Sunni or Shia or Muslim or Jew or Christian but it is based on your good behaviour towards all humans and creatures in this world and your relationship with Allah (Quran 5:48).

Note 10. Allah tests humans to show who is best in behaviour.


Quran 7:129 Verse 7:129 They (the Children of Israel) said (to Prophet Moses Musa), “We suffered harm before you came to us and since you have come to us.” He (Prophet Moses Musa) said, “It may be that your Lord is going to destroy your enemy (in Egypt and in Canaan) and make you inherit the land (by punishing the Pharaoh Firon of Egypt in Quran 7:136 and by replacing the idol worshipping people in Canaan with the worship of Allah by the children of Israel in Quran 5:20 - 5:26, 7:137) so that He (Allah) may see how you (the children of Israel) behave.

Note 1. Why does Allah give people land?

Allah gives land so that Allah may see how humans behave.

1. Do you show mercy in the land?

2. Do you forgive in the land?

3. Do you make peace in the land?

4. Do you deal fairly and with justice in the land?

5. In the hereafter no person shall be able to deny that Allah’s judgement of them will be correct because they shall be shown the good and the evil that they did.


Quran 8:33 Verse 8:33 
But Allah would not punish them (the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah) while you (Prophet Muhammad) were with them, nor shall He (Allah) punish them while they (might) seek forgiveness.

Quran 9:6 Verse 9:6 And if any of the idol worshippers asks for your protection (because they do not want to fight Muslims), then (Prophet Muhammad) protect that person (the idol worshipper) so they may hear the Word of Allah and afterward take that person to their place of safety (to their home which is located with their people so that they might think about Allah). That (introduction to the word of Allah) is because they are a people who do not know (Allah).

Note 1. Muslims must protect stone idol worshippers who do not fight against them.

Muslims must protect all people both believers and disbelievers who do not fight against them.

Muslims must protect all civilians both believers and disbelievers because they are not fighting.


Quran 18:7 Verse 18:7 We (Allah) have put all that is on the earth as decoration (that is pleasing to humans and jinn) so that We (Allah) may test them (humans and jinn) to show which among them is best in behavior.

Note 1. Allah tests humans to show who is best in behaviour.


Comment 3. Places of worship are a sign of Allah.
Quran 22:40 Verse 22:40  "... Had it not been for Allah’s repelling some people by means of others then monasteries, churches, synagogues and mosques in which the name of Allah is often mentioned would certainly have been pulled down. Allah helps the one who helps Him (Allah by protecting every monastery, church, synagogue and mosque where Allah is worshipped). Allah is strong and almighty. 
Note 1. Monasteries, churches, synagogues and mosques are signs of Allah.
Allah orders humans to protect every monastery, church, synagogue and mosque.


Comment 4. What are Sunni and Shia?

Sunni and Shia believe in one Allah who is the creator of every creation.
Sunni and Shia believe that Prophet Muhammad is the last of the Prophets of Allah.
Sunni and Shia believe that the Torah Taurat and Psalms Zabur and Gospel Injil and Koran Quran are the Books of Allah.
Sunni and Shia believe in the day of resurrection and judgement.
Sunni and Shia pray to Allah five times each day.
Sunni and Shia attend mosques.
Sunni and Shia go to the Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca Makkah.
Sunni and Shia are two of the many traditions in Islam.
Sunni and Shia are two traditions in the same religion of Islam.
Sunni and Shia are two traditions of the many traditions of Muslims.
Sunni and Shia are two traditions 
of the same religion of Muslims.

Differences in Sunni and Shia are differences in tradition, not differences in religion. 


Comment 5. Ending war between Sunni and Shia.

Peace between Sunni and Shia.

Understanding brings peace. 
Listen to a Shia Muslim explain why some Sunni Muslims explode bombs in Shia mosques and can a Muslim be buried in a mosque? 

Sunni brothers and Sunni sisters and Sunni children make peace not war with your Shia brothers and Shia sisters and Shia children.
The solution to ending war between Sunni and Shia is in Quran 18:21 Inshallah. 
Go with love and peace in your heart and use nice words in discussing the meaning of Quran 18:21 
Quran 4:114 Verse 4:114 There is no good in most of their (the people’s) secret talks except in the person who calls for charity, kindness and peace making between humans, he (the person) who does this (charity, kindness and peace making between humans) and seeks the approval of Allah, We (Allah) shall give them a great reward (in Paradise in the Hereafter).
Quran 5:8 Verse 5:8 “... do not let (your) hatred of a people make you act unjustly. Act justly, that is nearer to righteousness and fear Allah. Allah is aware of what you do.”
Quran 49:10 Verse 49:10 The believers are brothers. Therefore make peace between your brothers and fear Allah so that you may obtain mercy (on the Day of Judgement).

Comment 6. Do not destroy structures of remembrance such as the Dome on the Rock in Jerusalem Al-Quds in Israel and Palestine.
Do not destroy structures of remembrance such as the shine and grave of Prophet Muhammad in Medina Madinah Saudi Arabia.
Do not destroy structures of remembrance that belong to other beliefs.
If you fear that future generations might become misled then put an inscription at the entrance to the structure like was done for the seven sleepers in the cave. On your inscription put Quran 18:9 to show that Allah blesses your action and Quran 18:21 to explain what Allah allows and does not allow and Quran 18:23 - 18:24 to explain Quran 18:21 further and Quran 22:40 to remind future generations that Allah absolutely forbids the destruction of every house of worship. This is action that is good and pure in righteousness. 
Exploding bombs to destroy structures and kill innocent humans is an evil action.

Quran 18:22 Verse 18:22 (Some people) say there were three, the dog being the fourth among them; (other people) say there were five, the dog being the sixth, (Allah reveals they are) guessing at what they do not know; (and other people) say there were seven, the dog being the eighth. Say (Prophet Muhammad), "My Lord (Allah) knows best their number and no one (in Yathrib Arabia) knows them but a few." So do not argue (about their number) except with the clear proof (which is revealed by Allah in Quran 18:22). And do not ask for an opinion from any of them (the Jews of Yathrib Arabia and the Christians) about the people of the cave (because no benefit comes from speculation and conjecture especially when Allah has already revealed their number in Quran 18:22 but Allah has not mentioned them in the Torah Taurat revealed to the Jews or in the Gospel Injil revealed to the Christians).

Comment 1. How many were sleeping in the cave for 309 years?
Some people say there were three youth, the dog being the fourth among them and other people say there were five youth, the dog being the sixth among them. Allah reveals these people are guessing about a matter that they do not know.

Other people say there were seven youth, the dog being the eighth among them. This is the truth because everything mentioned previosly was the speculation of people who did not know. Allah reveals people that give this answer are correct.

Allah gives 3 possible answers without mentioning a fourth possibility.
Allah weakens the first 2 possible answers by saying they are guessing about things of which they have no knowledge.
Allah remains silent after the third possible answer indicating that is the correct answer.
There were seven people and the dog was the eighth in the cave.

Comment 2. Christian stories from humans confirm there were seven sleepers but there is no mention of a dog.
Quran 18:22 Verse 18:22 "... "My Lord (Allah) knows best their number and no one (in Yathrib Arabia) knows them but a few" ..."
See page 1 and 14 http://orion.mscc.huji.ac.il/symposiums/13th/papers/Horst.pdf
 

Quran 18:23 Verse 18:23
Never say about anything, "I shall do it tomorrow." – (Continued Quran 18:24).
Comment 1. See Quran 18:24 comments.

Quran 18:24 Verse 18:24
Except (by then saying), “If Allah wills Inshallah.” And remember your Lord (Allah) when you forget (to say “If Allah wills Inshallah”) and say, “My Lord guide me on a better course if You (Allah) will.”

Comment 1. Does Allah allow the building of a structure over a grave?
Does Allah allow the building of a structure over a tomb?
In the story of the seven sleepers in the cave a group of people from the town of 
Ephesus in Turkey argued with two opinions about what they should do; one group proposed they should build a structure over the cave (a shrine) adding Allah knows best about them (because everything is by the will of Allah Inshallah). This acknowledgement of Allah as Allah has advised in Quran 18:23 – 18:24 shows that this is the correct decision.
See Quran 18:21
Note 1. Allah confirms this understanding in Quran 18:9 and Quran 18:21.
Quran 18:9 Verse 18:9 Verse 18:9 Don’t you think that the people of the cave and the inscription (Raqeem, Er-Rakeem, Er-Raqim, Al-Rakim in Ephesus Turkey) that were among Our (Allah’s) signs were a miracle (from Allah to remind humans of their resurrection)?
Note 2. Ar-Raqim is a tablet of stone on which the people of the town wrote the story of the people of the cave and placed it at the entrance of the cave.
Note 3. The sign from Allah are the graves in a cave and an inscription at the entrance of the burial place that was written by the people of the town of Ephesus Turkey describing the miracle.

Comment 
2. Does Allah allow the building of a house of worship over a grave?
Does Allah allow the building of a house of worship over a tomb?
In the story of the seven sleepers in the cave a group of people from the town of Ephesus in Turkey argued 
with two opinions about what they should do; another group proposed they should build a place for worshipping Allah over their graves. They did not acknowledge Allah by saying Allah knows best about them (because everything is by the will of Allah Inshallah) as Allah advised in Quran 18:23 – 18:24 showing that this was the wrong decision because the building of churches on top of graves moved people away from Allah and resulted in millions of Christians praying to dead human saints who have no power to hear prayer as that power belongs only to Allah..
See Quran 18:21
Note 1. Allah confirms this understanding by the absence of graves inside synagogues.
Synagogues were established before churches and mosques.

Quran 18:25 Verse 18:25
And they (the sleeping youth) had been in the cave for three hundred and nine years.

Comment 1. There is disagreement in Christian stories from humans about how long the 7 people sleeped.
Quran 18:22 Verse 18:22 "... "My Lord (Allah) knows best their number and no one (in Yathrib Arabia) knows them but a few" ..."
Note 1. Seven people slept in a cave for 309 years.
Seven people and a dog slept in a cave for 309 years.

Quran 18:26 Verse 18:26
Say, "Allah knows best how long they stayed. With Him (Allah) is the unseen (knowledge of all that is) in the heavens and the earth. How clearly He (Allah) sees and hears (everything). They (the humans) have no protecting friend other than Him (Allah), and He (Allah) does not share His (Allah’s) rule (decision making) with any partner."

Comment 1. The story of the people who slept in the cave is a story confirming that all knowledge of the past and present and future is with the creator of the creation. 

Comment 2. Allah has no son or daughter or wife or partners with whom Allah shares decisions.
Only creations need off-springs and partners.
Allah the creator has no need for off-springs and partners because Allah is the creator of every creation.

When Allah uses words such as son its meaning is servant.

When Allah uses words such as son of Allah its meaning is servant of Allah.

When Allah uses words such as begotten son its meaning is to give Allah’s favour and blessing to a servant of Allah.

When Allah uses words such as only begotten son its meaning is to give favour, blessing and grace to the only servant of Allah who has supreme authority to speak on the Earth as a prophet or messenger in the name of Allah to the people in his time.


Comment 3. The story of the people who slept in the cave is a story confirming that there is some knowledge that no one knows except Allah.


Gospel of Mark 13:32 (Jesus Isa who was the prophet and messenger of Allah 2000 years ago said) "But as to that day or that hour (when the world will end), no one knows, not even the angels in heaven (the Holy Spirit and the other angels who are servants of Allah), not even the Son (Jesus Isa who is a servant of Allah), but only the Father (Allah who is the creator of every creation). 

Note 1. Only Allah knows when the world will end.

The Holy Ghost revealed to Jesus Isa that only Allah knows when the world will end therefore Jesus Isa is not Allah and the Holy Spirit is not Allah because both Jesus Isa and the Holy Spirit are created by Allah.

 

Gospel of Matthew 24:36 (Jesus Isa who was the prophet and messenger of Allah 2000 years ago said) But as for that day and hour (when the world will end), no one knows it except the Father (Allah) alone; not even the angels of heaven (the Holy Spirit and the other angels who are servants of Allah), not even the Son (Jesus Isa who is a servant of Allah).

Note 1. Only Allah knows when the world will end.

The Holy Spirit revealed to Jesus Isa that only Allah knows when the world will end therefore Jesus Isa is not Allah and the Holy Spirit is not Allah because both Jesus Isa and the Holy Spirit are created by Allah.


Quran 7:187 Verse 7:187 They ask you (Prophet Muhammad) about The Hour of the Day of Resurrection) and when it shall come. Say, “Knowledge of this is with my Lord (Allah) only. He (Allah) alone shall make it happen at the proper time. It lays heavily on the heavens and the earth (because of the greatness of that event). It shall come to you suddenly. They question you as if you might be well informed of it. Say, “Knowledge of it is with Allah only, but most of the people do not know that (because they think others have this knowledge).”

Note 1. Only Allah knows the hour of the Day of Resurrection.

The Holy Spirit revealed to Muhammad that only Allah knows the hour of the Day of Resurrection therefore Moses Musa and Jesus Isa and Muhammad are not Allah and the Holy Spirit is not Allah because both the humans (Moses Musa and Jesus Isa and Muhammad) and the angels (the Holy Spirit of Allah angel Gabriel Jibril) are created by Allah.


Quran 18:27 Verse 18:27 And recite (Prophet Muhammad) what has been revealed to you of the Book (the Quran) of your Lord (Allah). No one can change His (Allah’s) Words and you will find no refuge (in the hereafter) other than with Him (Allah).


Comment 1. Why can humans not change the Torah Taurat?

Humans cannot change the Torah Taurat.

Quran 28:47 Verse 28:47 And if We (Allah) had not sent you Prophet Muhammad to the stone idol worshippers of Mecca Makkah Arabia then) if a disaster came to them because of their deeds, they might say (in the Hereafter), "Our Lord (Allah), Why did You (Allah) not send a messenger to us so that we might have followed Your (Allah’s) revelations and become believers?”

Note 1. The Torah Taurat are the words revealed by Allah therefore humans do not have the power to change them.

If the words in the Torah Taurat have been changed then humans in the hereafter could say they were misled by a Book that was not protected.

If the Torah Taurat is not protected then it would be different to the Gospel Injil and the Koran Quran.

If the Torah Taurat is not protected then anyone with a Torah Taurat would reject the other books of Allah because they were different to what was revealed in the Torah Taurat. 


1a. Why can humans not change the Psalms Zabur?

Humans cannot change the Psalms Zabur.

The Psalms Zabur are the words revealed by Allah therefore humans do not have the power to change them.

If the words in the Psalms Zabur have been changed then humans in the hereafter could say they were misled by a Book that was not protected.

If the Psalms Zabur is not protected then it would be different to the other Books of Allah.

If the Psalms Zabur is not protected then anyone with a Psalms Zabur would reject the other books of Allah because they were different to what was revealed in the Psalms Zabur. 


1b. Why can humans not change the Gospel Injil?

Humans cannot change the Gospel Injil.

The Gospel Injil are the words revealed by Allah therefore humans do not have the power to change them.

If the words in the Gospel Injil have been changed then humans in the hereafter could say they were misled by a Book that was not protected.

If the Gospel Injil is not protected then it would be different to the Torah Taurat and the Koran Quran.

If the Gospel Injil is not protected then anyone with a Gospel Injil would reject the other books of Allah because they were different to what was revealed in the Gospel Injil. 


1c. Why can humans not change the Koran Quran?

Humans cannot change the Koran Quran.

The Koran Quran are the words revealed by Allah therefore humans do not have the power to change them.

If the words in the Koran Quran have been changed then humans in the hereafter could say they were misled by a Book that was not protected.

If the Koran Quran is not protected then it would be different to the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil.

If the Koran Quran is not protected then anyone with a Koran Quran would reject the other books of Allah because they were different to what was revealed in the Koran Quran. 


See 1. Allah protects the Torah, Gospel and Koran. Allah protects the Taurat, Injil and Quran.

04 god http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/god-protects-his-torah-gospel-and-quran    

04A allah http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/allah-protects-his-taurat-injil-and-quran   


Quran 18:28 Verse 18:28 And keep yourself (Prophet Muhammad) with those who pray to their Lord (Allah) in the morning and evening, seeking His (Allah’s) approval and do not let your eyes overlook them by a desire for the attractions of the life of the world and do not obey those whose heart We (Allah) have made not to think about remembering Us (Allah) and who follow their own desires and who break the law.


Comment 1. Muslims pray to Allah five times a day. 

One example might be:

The Fajr prayer before sunrise 5 am.

The Zuhr prayer after the midday sun 12.30 pm.

The Asr prayer near 3.30 pm.

The Maghrib prayer after sunset 5.45 pm.

The Isha prayer near 7.30 pm.


Quran 18:29 Verse 18:29 And say, “The truth (of the Quran) is from your Lord (Allah)" so whoever wishes let them believe and whoever wishes let them disbelieve. We (Allah) have prepared for the wrongdoers a Fire whose walls shall surround them (in the Hereafter). And if they ask for relief they shall be granted boiling water that scalds their faces. Awful is the drink and an evil place to live (is Hell, the home for evildoers). 

Note 1. Quran 17:60 Verse 17:60 “.... We (Allah) warn (people to do what is good and avoid what is evil) and make them afraid (of Allah by describing the home for evil doers in Hell Fire in the Hereafter) but it only increases them (some of the humans) in nothing but greater disobedience against Allah (and the commandment to do what is good and avoid what is evil). 


Comment
1. Allah gives humans freedom of belief.
Allah gives humans freedom of religion.
Islam gives humans freedom of belief.
Islam gives humans freedom of religion.

Quran 18:29, Verse 18:29…whoever wishes let them believe and whoever wishes let them disbelieve ….”

See 1. 
Apostasy in Islam.

In the Quran Allah ordered freedom of religious belief 1400 years before the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

However incorrect understanding of the Quran and the hadith can cause wrongful killing of people in the name of Allah and in the name of human hadith stories.

298 god/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam   

298a allah/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-a    

298b allah/ayah https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-b     

298c allaah/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-c  298d allaah/ayah https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-d  


Quran 18:30 Verse 18:30 For those who believe and do good work We (Allah) do not allow the reward of their good deeds to become lost. – (Continued Quran 18:31).


Quran 18:31 Verse 18:31 For them shall be Gardens of Eden under which rivers flow as their eternal residence (in Paradise) and they shall be adorned with gold bracelets and green clothes of fine silk and gold embroidery, (and they shall be) reclining on raised couches. Excellent is this reward, as a resting place for the good (doers).


Quran 18:32 Verse 18:32 (Prophet Muhammad) give them (the people) an example of two men; We (Allah) granted to one of them two gardens of grapes and We (Allah) surrounded them with date palm trees and put between them (fields of) crops.


Quran 18:33 Verse 18:33 Each of the two gardens produced its fruit and was not lacking in anything and We (Allah) caused a river to flow within them.


Quran 18:34 Verse 18:34 And after harvesting an abundant amount of fruit, he said to his companion, “I have more wealth than you and (I am) stronger in (the number) of my followers (of children)."


Quran 18:35 Verse 18:35 And while he had wronged himself (by being arrogant and ungrateful to Allah) he entered his garden (admiring it) and said, “I do not think that all this (wealth) shall ever perish.”


Quran 18:36 Verse 18:36 (The one who was arrogant and ungrateful to Allah continued speaking) "And I do not think that the Hour (of the Day of Resurrection in the hereafter) shall ever occur but if (it does and) I am brought back to my Lord (Allah) then I shall surely be in a place that is better than this (place).”


Quran 18:37 Verse 18:37 His companion said to him, “Do you disbelieve in Him (Allah) who created you out of dust (through Prophet Adam the father of humans) and then out of a semen drop (mixed between your father and your mother) and then He (Allah) formed you into a man (in your mother’s womb)?”


Quran 18:38 Verse 18:38 (His companion continued talking saying, “You might not believe) but for me He (my Lord) is Allah and I do not associate my Lord (Allah) with (the worship of) others (by praying to creations that are created by Allah)."


Comment 1. Allah is the creator and the ruler of all creation.

Allah does not share Allah’s power to hear prayer with anyone.

Idols, sons, saints, angels, daughters, Satan Shaitan, prophets, messengers are all created by Allah and have no power to hear prayer.

Prayer to the creations of Allah is called idol worship because such prayer assigns a partner to Allah but Allah has no need for any partners.

Prayer to the creations of Allah is called idol worship because such prayer associates others with Allah but Allah has no need for associates.

Allah has no partners and no associates because only Allah has the power to hear and answer prayer.

It is only creations who have a need for partners or associates in their relationships. 


Quran 18:39 Verse 18:39 (His companion continued talking saying), And when you entered your garden, why did you not say, “What Allah wills (shall happen, to show you are grateful to Allah).” Certainly there is no power except with Allah, though you see me as less than you in wealth and children.


Quran 18:40 Verse 18:40 (His companion continued talking saying), it may be that my Lord (Allah) shall give me something better than your garden and that He (Allah) shall send thunderbolts from heaven on your garden and it shall become a smooth ground (without any vegetation),


Quran 18:41 Verse 18:41 Or the water (in the garden) shall disappear underground so that you cannot find it.


Quran 18:42 Verse 18:42 (And so it happened that) his fruits were ruined and he gestured his hands in sorrow over what he had spent (of his time and wealth) on it (his garden) with its destroyed trellises and he could only say, “I wish I had not associated my Lord (Allah) with (the worship of) others (by praying to creations that are created by Allah)."

Comment 1. See Quran 18:38 comments.


Quran 18:43 Verse 18:43 And he had no group of men that could help him against (what) Allah (had willed) nor could he defend himself (against the will of Allah).


Quran 18:44 Verse 18:44 There (on the Day of Judgement), the power to protect (a person against receiving punishment) shall be with Allah alone (who is) the True Allah (and all others to whom people pray such as idols, sons, saints, angels, daughters, Satan Shaitan, prophets, messengers shall all deny that they have the power to hear prayer). He (Allah) is best in rewarding (the righteous) and the best (for those with faith who believe that Allah determines every) outcome.


Quran 18:45 Verse 18:45 And (Prophet Muhammad) give them (the people) the example of the life of this world as being like the rain which We (Allah) send down from the sky and the vegetation of the earth mingles with it (the wet soil) but (later) it (the vegitation) becomes dry broken pieces that are scattered by the wind. Allah is able to do everything.


Quran 18:46 Verse 18:46 Wealth and children are adornments in the life of this world. But the good deeds that last, are better to your Lord (Allah) for reward and better for (one’s) hope (of a good outcome in the Hereafter).


Quran 18:47 Verse 18:47 And (warn of) the (Last) Day (of the Earth) when We (Allah) shall remove the mountains and (in the hereafter) you shall see the earth (the ground) as a flat plain (of land) and We (Allah) shall gather them (humans) all together (in their resurrection to life after they had died) and not leave anyone behind.


Quran 18:48 Verse 18:48 And they (all humankind) shall be in front of your Lord (Allah) in rows (and Allah shall say), "Now you have come to Us (Allah, after your death) as We (Allah) first created you (in your first life with the promise that the Day of Resurrection is true). But you did not (all) believe that We (Allah) had appointed a meeting for you (with Allah in the herafter)."


Note 1. Quran 27:82 Verse 27:82 And when the word (of Allah that decrees who shall be misguided because they have chosen to follow evil) is fulfilled against them (they are made deaf to Allah and blind to Allah in their hearts) then We (Allah) bring to them a creature from the Earth (a human messenger of Allah) telling them (the warning that is delivered by every messenger of Allah which Allah tells us is) "That (all) people did not believe Our (Allah's) revelations with certainty (as they should)."


Quran 18:49 Verse 18:49 And the record of their deeds shall be placed (in the hand of each person), and you shall see the sinful in fear of what is (recorded) there. They shall say, “What kind of Book is this that leaves out nothing small or great, but takes account of everything (we did in our life)." And they shall find all that they did (in their life) placed before them (in the Hereafter) and your Lord (Allah) shall treat no one with injustice (on the Day of Judgement).


Quran 18:50 Verse 18:50 And (mention) when We (Allah) said to the angels, “Prostrate (bow down) in front of Adam,” and they all prostrated (bowed down), except Iblis. He (Iblis) was a jinn who rebelled against his Lord's (Allah’s) command (and became known as Satan Shaitan the one who is cursed by Allah by having lost the mercy of Allah). Shall you choose him (Satan Shaitan) and his (rebellious) descendants (the Devils) for your allies instead of Me (Allah) when they (Satan Shaitan and his devils) are your enemy? It is a disaster (for you) to exchange (the help of Allah) for (the help of) evil-doers.


Comment 1. Prostrating is a sign of respect. 

Allah teaches angels to respect humans. 

Allah teaches angels to serve humans under the guidance of Allah.

Comment 2. Satan Shaitan is not an angel. 

Satan Shaitan is the first jinn. 

Adam is the first human.


Quran 18:51 Verse 18:51 I (Allah) did not make them (Iblis Satan Shaitan and his rebellious descendants the devils) a witness to the creation of the heavens and the earth nor (were they witness) to their own creation, nor would I (Allah) have taken the misguided (Iblis Satan and his rebellious descendants the devils) as helpers (in creating the creation).


Comment 1. Satan Shaitan is not an angel. 

Satan Shaitan is the first jinn. 

Adam is the first human.

1a. The Hebrew Bible. The Jewish Bible, The Old Testament Bible. The Old Bible.

Job 38:4 Where were you when I (Allah) laid the foundations of the Earth? Say, if you know.
Job 38:5 Who determined the dimensions of it (the Earth, say), if you know? Or who stretched the line on it (as a base line from where the first construction of the Earth began)?
Job 38:6 Where on it were the foundations of it (the Earth) secured? Or who laid the corner-stone (that started the construction) of it (the Earth),

Job 38:7 When the morning stars sang together (meaning when the stars came into creation), and all the sons of Allah (meaning servants of Allah who are the angels) shouted for joy?

Note 1. The Hebrew Bible and the Quran confirm that Iblis Satan Shaitan was not a witness to the creation.

When the angels witnessed the creation of the stars Iblis Satan Shaitan had not been created.

When the angels witnessed the creation of the stars jinn and humans had not been created.


Quran 18:52 Verse 18:52 And (mention) the Day (of Judgement) when He (Allah) shall say, "Pray (for help to) those (so-called) partners of Mine (Allah’s so called partners) whom you prayed to (such as the angels, sons, daughters, saints, idols, Satan Shaitan, devils and other creations that you used to pray to for help during your life)." Then they (who prayed to what Allah created instead of praying to Allah) shall pray to them (angels, sons, daughters, saints, idols, Satan Shaitan, devils and other creations), but they shall not answer them (because only Allah the creator has the power to hear prayer), and We (Allah) shall put a barrier between them (between those who mistakenly prayed to what Allah created and those who correctly prayed only to Allah).


Comment 1. Praying to the creations of Allah is called idol worship.

Praying to anything Allah has created is called idol worship.
Praying to anyone Allah has created is called idol worship.
See 18:4 – 18:6, 18:102, 18:110.

Quran 18:53 Verse 18:53
And the guilty (who used to pray to what Allah created instead of praying to Allah the creator) shall see the Fire (of Hell in the hereafter) and they shall know that they are about to fall into it and they shall find no way of escape from there.

Quran 18:54 Verse 18:54
And We (Allah) have shown to humans in this Quran all kinds of examples but people (who disbelieve) have always been inclined to dispute (the word of Allah).

Quran 18:55 Verse 18:55
And nothing prevents people from believing when the guidance (of Allah) comes to them and from asking forgiveness of their Lord (Allah) unless they want the example (given in Quran 18:59 and in the Gospel Injil and in the Torah Taurat of the judgment of Allah) on the people of the past to be (also) put on them or if the punishment (of Allah) should come in front of them (in the Hereafter when it is too late to say, “Now I believe in Allah and I ask your forgiveness”).

Comment 1. Allah will forgive any sin if the human asks for forgiveness.

Comment 2. Why is the life of a disbeliever very important?

Allah gives every human a life time to discover the meaning of life.

The life of a disbeliever is very important because the disbeliever is given a life time to discover the purpose of life.

Allah forgives every sin including the sin of idol worship if humans ask for Allah’s forgiveness.

In Islam this life is very important because this life determines what shall happen in the hereafter.

The life of a disbeliever is very important because while they have life they have the chance to find correct guidance.

Quran 5:8 Verse 5:8 “... do not let (your) hatred of a people make you act unjustly. Act justly, that is nearer to righteousness and fear Allah. Allah is aware of what you do.”

Quran 8:32 Verse 8:32 And they (the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah) said, “O Allah, If this is the truth from you then rain down stones on us or bring on us some painful punishment.”

Quran 8:33 Verse 8:33 But Allah would not punish them (the stone idol worshippers in Mecca Makkah) while you (Prophet Muhammad) were with them, nor shall He (Allah) punish them while they (might) seek forgiveness.

Quran 18:55 Verse 18:55 And nothing prevents people from believing when the guidance (of Allah) comes to them and from asking forgiveness of their Lord (Allah) unless they want the example (given in Quran 18:59 and in the Gospel Injil and in the Torah Taurat of the judgment of Allah) on the people of the past to be (also) put on them or if the punishment (of Allah) should come in front of them (in the Hereafter when it is too late to say, “Now I believe in Allah and I ask your forgiveness”).


Forgive disbelievers in this life like you want Allah to forgive you in the next life.

Quran 45:14 Verse 45:14 Say (Prophet Muhammad) to those who believe (in Allah that) they (should) forgive those who do not expect the Days of Allah (in the hereafter, meaning forgive the disbelievers, forgive the non believers, forgive the stone idol worshippers in Mecca, forgive the people who do not believe in Allah) so that He (Allah) may reward (the righteous) people for what they earn (in reward for the hereafter by obeying Allah’s command that the people who believe in Allah should forgive the people who do not believe in Allah so that you forgive the disbelievers in your life in the same way that you wish Allah to forgive you in the next life in the hereafter).

Note 1. Allah is the most merciful and the most forgiving.

Note 2. Allah teaches humans to follow the example of Allah to be merciful and forgiving.
Allah teaches humans to follow the way of Allah to be merciful and forgiving.
Allah teaches humans to follow the path of Allah to be merciful and forgiving.
Allah teaches humans to follow the cause of Allah to be merciful and forgiving.
Note 3. Forgive disbelieves in this world just as you would like Allah to forgive you in the next world (the hereafter).

Note 4. Verses that Allah revealed in the Quran during a time of war with stone idol worshippers in Mecca Arabia today Makkah Saudi Arabia do not cancel the revelations Allah revealed earlier in the Quran just as the verses that Allah revealed in the Torah Taurat during a time of war with stone idol worshippers in Canaan today Israel and Palestine do not cancel the revelations Allah revealed earlier in the Torah Taurat.

All of Allah’s verses carry a message of wisdom for humankind.

Some verses give guidance in times of war and other verses give guidance in times of peace.

The correct interpretation of each verse in the Books of Allah gives knowledge and wisdom and guidance to whoever Allah wills.


Quran 18:56 Verse 18:56 And We (Allah) did not send messengers except to deliver the good news (of the reward of Paradise in the Hereafter for the righteous) and to give warning (of punishment in Hell in the Hereafter for evildoers). But those who disbelieve, dispute with false argument to make the truth seem untrue. And they treat My (Allah’s) verses and warnings as a thing to ridicule.


Quran 18:57 Verse 18:57 And who does more wrong than the person who is reminded of the verses of His Lord (Allah) but turns away from them (the verses of Allah) and forgets what (deeds) their hands have made. We (Allah) have placed a covering to close their hearts incase they should understand it (the Quran), and deafness in their ears. And if you (Prophet Muhammad) invite them to guidance, even then they shall never be guided (because Allah has willed that they be among the misguided).


Comment 1. Allah gives humans freedom of religion.

Islam gives humans freedom of belief.
Islam gives humans freedom of religion.

Quran 18:29, Verse 18:29 “…whoever wishes let them believe and whoever wishes let them disbelieve ….”


1a. Allah tests humans to show who is best in behavior.

Quran 5:48 Verse 5:48 And to you (Prophet Muhammad) We (Allah) revealed the Scripture (the Quran) with the truth that confirmed the Scripture that was before it (in the Gospel Injil and the Torah Taurat) and (for you Prophet Muhammad to be) a guardian over it (the Quran). So judge between them (the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims) by what Allah has revealed (to you Prophet Muhammad) and do not let their desires move you away from the truth that has come to you. For each (community of Jews, Christians and Muslims) We (Allahhave appointed a divine law and a way (of religion). If Allah willed He (Allahcould have made you (the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims) one community. But He (Allahtests you (the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims) by what He (Allahhas given you (in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil and the Koran Quran to show who is best in behaviour). So strive for all that is good. To Allah you shall all return and He (Allah) shall then inform you (in the Hereafter) about (the correctness of) the religious matters in which you (the Jews, the Christians and the Muslimsargue among each other.

Note 1. Allah does not require humans to all be in one religion (Quran 5:48).
Note 2. Allah does require that every religion worship only Allah (Quran 3:85).
Note 3. Allah says if the Jews and the Christians and others worship only Allah like the Muslims worship only Allah then the Jews and the Christians and others are correctly guided by Allah (Quran 3:64). 
Note 4. Allah commands the Jews, the Christians and the Muslims to do what is good according to what Allah has given them in the Torah Taurat and the Gospel Injil and the Koran Quran to show which humans are the best in behaviour.
Note 5. Allah says that on the Day of Resurrection and Judgement in the hereafter every human will return to Allah and Allah shall inform them about the religious matters about which they argued.

Note 6. Allah protects the Torah Taurat for every Jewish generation until the Day of Judgement (Quran 5:48). 
Note 7. Allah protects the Gospel Injil for every Christian generation until the Day of Judgement (Quran 5:48). 
Note 8. Allah protects the Koran Quran for every Muslim generation until the Day of Judgement (Quran 5:48). 
Note 9. Entry to Paradise the Garden of Eden the Garden of Righteousness Jannah is not based on the question of Sunni or Shia or Muslim or Jew or Christian but it is based on your good behaviour towards all humans and creatures in this world and your relationship with Allah (Quran 5:48).


See 1. Apostasy in Islam.

In the Quran Allah ordered freedom of religious belief 1400 years before the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

However incorrect understanding of the Quran and the hadith can cause wrongful killing of people in the name of Allah and in the name of human hadith stories.

298 god/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam   

298a allah/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-a    

298b allah/ayah https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-b     

298c allaah/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-c 298d allaah/ayah https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-d  


Quran 18:58 Verse 18:58 Your Lord (Allah) is forgiving and full of mercy. If He (Allah) imposed blame for what they have done in (sin in) their life (by immediately giving punishment) then He (Allah) would have hastened their punishment. But they have their appointed (life) time, after which (it shall be too late to say, “Now I believe in Allah and I ask your forgiveness” because) they shall find no escape (in the Hereafter for the evil they did in their life).


Comment 1. Why is it too late to say sorry in the hereafter?

To say sorry in the hereafter is not the same as saying sorry in your first life.
To say sorry in the hereafter is to be sorry for yourself.
To say sorry on the Earth is to say sorry to those you have wronged.

Quran 18:59 Verse 18:59
And We (Allah) destroyed those towns (the people in the time of Prophet Noah Nuh in a great flood, the people of A’ad in a great wind in the time of Prophet Eber Hud, the people of Thamud Samood in a great earthquke in the time of Prophet Saleh Salih, the people of Sodom in a great rain of volcanic stones in the time of Prophet Lot Lut, the people of Midian Madyan in a great earthquake in the time of Prophet Jethro Shoaib, the Pharaoh Firon of Egypt and his Army drowned in the Red Sea in the time of Prophet Moses Musa) when they did wrong and We (Allah) had appointed a fixed time for their destruction.

Quran 18:60 Verse 18:60
And (mention) when Prophet Moses Musa said to his servant, "I shall not give up (travelling and searching for knowledge) until I reach the junction of the two waters or even if it takes a long time (to find that knowledge)."

Comment
1. Quran 18:60 describes the search for knowledge by Prophet Moses Musa no matter how far he must travel to find that knowledge and no matter how much time it takes for him to find that knowledge.

Quran 18:61 Verse 18:61
And when they reach the junction (of the two waters) between them they forgot about their fish and it (the fish escaped from the basket that they were carrying and) slipped into the water and got away.

Comment
1. In Quran 18:61 the fish is a symbol for the correct path to knowledge. Prophet Moses Musa continued travelling but now he was on the wrong path.

Quran 18:62 Verse 18:62
And when they had gone further, he Prophet Moses Musa said to his servant, “Bring us our breakfast. This has been a very tiring journey.”

Comment
1. In Quran 18:62 the fish represents the path to the knowledge that Prophet Moses Musa is seeking.

Quran 18:63 Verse 18:63
He (the servant) replied, “Did you see (what happened) when we rested on the rock? I forgot the fish (there). No one but Satan Shaitan caused me to forget to mention it to you (when we were there), it (the fish) swam through the water in an amazing way.

Comment 1. In Quran 18:63 the fish represents the knowledge that Prophet Moses Musa is seeking and we are told that 
Satan Shaitan had moved Prophet Moses Musa’s away from the correct path to that knowledge.

Quran 18:64 Verse 18:64
He (Prophet Moses Musa) said, “That (path to knowledge that is shown to us by that fish) is what we have been seeking. So they turned back and walked along the path from where they had come.”

Comment
1. In Quran 18:64 Prophet Moses Musa returns to the path of knowledge that is indicated by the fish.

Quran 18:65 Verse 18:65
Then they found one of Our (Allah’s) servants (The Green one al-Khidar) to whom We (Allah) had given Our (Allah’s) mercy and had taught him knowledge (of future events) from Us (Allah’s).

Quran 18:66 Verse 18:66
Prophet Moses Musa said to him (the man with knowledge of Allah’s existence, al-Khidar) “May I follow you so that you may teach me the knowledge that you have been taught?”

Quran 18:67 Verse 18:67
He (Al-Khidar who had knowledge of future events) said, "You shall not be able to be patient with me.”

Quran 18:68 Verse 18:68
"And how can you have patience about things for which you have no knowledge.”

Comment
1. Patience is the main lesson in this story.
Only patience can overcome a lack of human knowledge.

Quran 18:69 Verse 18:69
Prophet Moses Musa said, "If Allah wills then you shall find me patient and I shall not disobey you in anything."

Comment
1. Here the will of Allah is contrasted with the disobedience of humans.
Quran 18:68 tells us that only patience can overcome a lack of human knowledge and this shall be shown in the story that follows.

Quran 18:70 Verse 18:70
He (Al-Khidar) said, “If you (Prophet Moses Musa) go with me then do not ask me about anything until I (first) mention it to you.”

Quran 18:71 Verse 18:71
So they both proceeded until they were in the ship and then he (Al-Khidar) made a hole in it. (Prophet Moses Musa) said, “Have you made a hole to drown the people that are here (on this ship)? You have done a dreadful thing.”

Quran 18:72 Verse 18:72
He (Al-Khidar who had knowledge of future events) answered, “Did I not tell you (Prophet Moses Musa) that you shall not be able to be patient with me?”

Quran 18:73 Verse 18:73
(Prophet Moses Musa) said, “Do not blame me for what I forgot and do not be hard on me for my mistake.”

Quran 18:74 Verse 18:74
So they both proceeded until they met a boy and he (Al-Khidar) killed him. (Prophet Moses Musa) said, “Why have you killed an innocent person who has not killed anyone? You have done a terrible thing.”

Quran 18:75 Verse 18:75
He (al-Khidar who had knowledge of future events) answered, “Did I not tell you (Prophet Moses Musa) that you shall not be able to be patient with me?”

Quran 18:76 Verse 18:76
(Prophet Moses Musa) said, "If I ask you anything after this then do not keep me with you. Forgive me (one more time).”

Quran 18:77 Verse 18:77
So they both proceeded until they came to a town’s people whom they asked for food but they refused to treat them as guests. And they found there a wall that was about to collapse and he (al-Khidar) repaired it. (Prophet Moses Musa) said, “If you wished then you could have taken payment for (repairing) it.”

Quran 18:78 Verse 18:78
(Al-Khidar) said, "This is the (time for the) separation between you and me, I shall tell you the interpretation of (those) things over which you were unable to hold your patience.

Quran 18:79 Verse 18:79
(Al-Khidar who had knowledge of future events said), “Regarding the ship, it belonged to (poor people) working in the sea. I wished to damage it because following them was a king who seized every ship by force.”

Quran 18:80 Verse 18:80
(Al-Khidar who had knowledge of future events said), “Regarding the boy, his parents were believers and we feared that he would burden them by transgression (through his misbehavior and rebellion) and his disbelief (in Allah that caused him to do what was evil).” – (Continued Quran 18:81).

Quran 18:81 Verse 18:81
– “And we intended that their Lord (Allah) should change him for them for one who is better in righteousness and near to (Allah’s) mercy.”

Comment 1. Quran 18:80 and Quran 18:81 describe a punishment that Prophet Moses Musa revealed in Torah Deuteronomy 21:18 – 21:21.

 

Comment 2. Quran 18:80 and Quran 18:81 are confirmed in Torah Deuteronomy 21:18 - 21:21.

Torah, Deuteronomy 21:18 (In the Laws revealed by Prophet Moses Musa) if a man has a stubborn and rebellious son, that shall not listen to the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother and although they punish him, (still he) shall not listen to them.

Torah, Deuteronomy 21:19 Then his mother and his father shall bring him (the son) to the elders of his city and to the gate of his place.

Torah, Deuteronomy 21:20 And they shall say to the elders of his city, “This is our son who is stubborn and rebellious, he does not listen to our voice; he is a glutton and a drunkard.”

Torah, Deuteronomy 21:21 And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones until he is dead, this is how you shall take away the evil from among you; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.


2a. Allah replaced Torah Deuteronomy 21:18 - 21:21 with freedom of belief in the Quran.

See 1. Apostasy in Islam.

In the Quran Allah ordered freedom of religious belief 1400 years before the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

However incorrect understanding of the Quran and the hadith can cause wrongful killing of people in the name of Allah and in the name of human hadith stories.

298 god/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam   

298a allah/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-a    

298b allah/ayah https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-b     

298c allaah/verse https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-c298d allaah/ayah https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/apostasy-in-islam-d   


2b. Allah replaced stoning to death in the Torah Taurat with the mercy of life in the Koran Quran.


See 1. Quran chapter 24. Stoning to death for adultery is not in the Koran.

Quran surah 24. Stoning to death for adultery is not in the Quran. 

24 god/verse http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-chapter-24-stoning-to-death-for-adultery-is-not-in-the-quran    

24a allah/verse http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-chapter-24-stoning-to-death-for-adultery-is-not-in-the-koran  

24b allah/ayah http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-surah-24-stoning-to-death-for-adultery-is-not-in-the-quran

24c allaah/verse http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-chapter-24-stoning-to-death-for-adultery-is-not-in-al-koran

24b allaah/ayah http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/quran-surah-24-stoning-to-death-for-adultery-is-not-in-al-quran   


See 2. The Torah, Gospel and Quran united - Part 4. Allah forgives adultery.

321 English https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/god-forgives-adultery

321A Arabic https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/allah-forgives-adultery 
321B Arabic https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/allaah-forgives-adultery


Quran 18:82 Verse 18:82 (Al-Khidar who had knowledge of future events said), regarding the wall (that was in ruin), it belonged to two orphan boys in the town, and there was beneath it a treasure belonging to them and their father had been a righteous man. So your Lord (Allah) intended that they (the orphan boys) should reach the age of their full strength (the age of maturity) and receive their treasure as a mercy from their Lord (Allah) and so I did not do it (repair the collapsing wall) on my own accord (but it was done by what Allah willed). This is the interpretation of what you (Prophet Moses Musa) could not (patiently) bear.


Comment 1. Allah revealed to Prophet Muhammad corrections to some Rabbinic Jewish literature.

Some Jewish stories from Rabbis had major errors in their lessons and in their commentary about Allah. 

Allah’s revelation is correct in Allah’s Torah Taurat but was faulty in some Rabbinic Jewish literature which are stories from humans.


1a. In the Quran, Allah corrected errors in some Rabbinic Jewish literature.

The correction of some Jewish stories from Rabbis in the Quran showed the Jews in Yathrib Arabia the correct way to tell that story.

Quran 2:102 Verse 2:102 And they (some of the Jews of Yathrib in Arabia today in Medina Saudi Arabia) believe what the evil ones said about the special powers of Prophet Solomon Suleiman during the time of his kingdom (they said Solomon's power was magic from evil ones as is written in Jewish rabbinic literature). (The truth is) Prophet Solomon Suleiman had faith (and all his powers were from Allah). It was the evil ones who were disbelievers who taught magic that had been revealed to Angel Harut and Angel Marut in Babylon. These Angels (when they taught the first humans this knowledge) first said “We are a test for your faith, do not disbelieve in Allah (by learning magic from us) and to those who disbelieved they taught the magic that caused dispute between husband and wife and caused harm only with Allah’s permission. They (the disbelievers) learned what harmed them (by learning what was evil) and not what profited them (by having faith in Allah and doing what was good) and they knew (because they were warned) that buyers of it (magic) would have no happiness in the Hereafter. If they only knew how terrible the price was (for learning the magic of doing evil) for which they sold their souls (for a place in fire in the hereafter). 

Note 1. In Quran 2:102 Allah corrected a faulty story in Jewish rabbinic literature which was well known to the Jews of Yathrib in Arabia.

Note 2. See more about why Allah put Rabbinic Jewish literature in the Koran in Quran 34:12 – 34:14 comments. 

Note 3The Quran confirms that the Torah and Gospel and Quran have no faults because they are the word of Allah

Allah protects His Torah Taurat, Gospel Injil and Koran Quran. 

Allah protects Allah’s word. 

No one has the power to change the word of Allah. 

If humans could change the word of Allah in the Torah Taurat or the Gospel Injil or the Koran Quran then no revelation could be trusted. 

See 1. The Torah and Gospel and Koran are from Allah.

The Torah and Gospel and Quran are from Allah.

The Taurat and Injil and Quran are from Allah.

04A allah http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/allah-protects-his-taurat-injil-and-quran   


Comment 2. Allah revealed to Prophet Muhammad confirmation of some Rabbinic Jewish literature.

The story of Al-Khidar and Prophet Moses Musa is a confirmation for the Jews of a similar story that was part of the Jewish Rabbinical literature in Yathrib Arabia that existed at the time of Prophet Muhammad.

This story is told as a confirmation to the Jews of Yathrib that the Allah of the Torah Taurat and the Koran Quran are the same Allah.


2a. The following story is a Jewish story written by Rabbi Joshua ben Levi around 435 BH – 383 BH 200 – 250 CE using characters in the Torah Taurat to teach a lesson in righteousness.

The rabbi who was a friend of Prophet Elijah Elias was asked what favor he might wish. 

The rabbi answered only that he be able to join Prophet Elijah Elias in his wanderings.

Prophet Elijah Elias granted his wish only if he refrained from asking any questions about any of the prophet’s actions.

He agreed and they began their journey.

The first place they came to was the house of an elderly couple who were so poor they had only one old cow.

The old couple gave of their hospitality as best they could.

The next morning, as the travelers left, Prophet Elijah Elias prayed that the old cow would die and it did. 

The second place they came to was the home of a wealthy man.

He had no patience for his visitors and chased them away with the reprimand that they should get jobs and not beg from honest people.

As they were leaving, they passed the man’s wall and saw that it was crumbling.

Prophet Elijah Elias prayed that the wall be repaired and it was (repaired).

Next, they came to a wealthy synagogue.

They were allowed to spend the night with only the smallest of provisions.

When they left, Prophet Elijah Elias prayed that every member of the synagogue might become a leader.

Finally, they came to a very poor synagogue.

Here they were treated with great courtesy and hospitality.

When they left, Prophet Elijah Elias prayed that Allah might give them a single wise leader.

At this Rabbi Joshua could no longer hold back.

He demanded of Prophet Elijah Elias an explanation of his actions.

At the house of the old couple, Prophet Elijah Elias knew that the Angel of Death was coming for the old woman. So he prayed that Allah might have the angel take the cow instead.

At the house of the wealthy man, there was a great treasure hidden in the crumbling wall. Prophet Elijah Elias prayed that the wall be restored thus keeping the treasure away from the miser.

The story ends with a moral: A synagogue with many leaders will be ruined by many arguments. A town with a single wise leader will be guided to success and prosperity.

“Know then, that if you see an evil-doer prosper, it is not always to their advantage, and if a righteous person suffers need and distress, do not think that Allah is unjust.”

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elijah#Rabbi_Joshua_ben_Levi


2b. Some Jews in Arabia today Saudi Arabia were confused by the similarity of these two stories because instead of Prophet Elijah Elias and Rabbi Joshua ben Levi, the Quran had revealed Prophet Moses Musa and Joshua Yusha the assistant to Prophet Moses Musa in the Muslim story.

Since Rabbinic Jewish literature are stories from humans that use the names of the people in the Torah Taurat to teach lessons in righteousness it is the lesson and not the names of the people that are important in Jewish stories from Rabbis.

So when Allah reveals a story in the Quran to correct a faulty Jewish story from a Rabbi by correcting it in Quran 2:102 Verse 2:102 or approving of a well told Jewish story from a Rabbi by revealing a similar style that confirm lessons in the Rabbinic Jewish literature from humans such as in Quran 18:60 – 18:82 it is a blessing from Allah confirming the teaching of that lesson.

Prophet Moses Musa and Prophet Elijah Elias are both righteous leaders.

Joshua Yusha and Rabbi Joshua ben Levi are both righteous followers.

Allah has not copied the story in Rabbinic Jewish literature and then made an error in their names in the Quran. 

This is clear in Quran 18:80 and Quran 18:81 where what Prophet Moses Musa has learned is confirmed by Allah in Torah Deuteronomy 21:18 – 21:21.

The stories were similar enough to be a confirmation to the Jews in Arabia that their story was a good story but the story was also sufficiently different to present new lessons in the style that Jews recognized from their human stories in their Rabbinic Jewish literature.

To teach patience in the Quran Allah uses the example of Prophet Moses Musa and his assistant Joshua who were well known to the new Arab Muslim instead of the less known or unknown Rabbi Joshua and Prophet Elijah Elias.
The Jews of Yathrib would know that in story telling by Rabbis it is the lesson that is important and not the famous names they have borrowed from the stories of Allah in the Jewish Bible.

Jews in Arabia who believed in Allah recognized both the difference and similarities between what was in Jewish human stories and what was in Allah’s Quran and that strengthened their faith because they had understanding of its meaning and Allah’s lesson.

Jews in Arabia who had doubt in Allah also recognized both the difference and similarities between what was in Jewish human stories and what was in Allah’s Quran but that only strengthened their doubt in Allah because they did not understand that Allah’s purpose in this story was to reach out to both the new Arab Muslim and the Jews.

See http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/8919-joshua-b-levi 


Quran 18:83 Verse 18:83 They (the people) ask you (Prophet Muhammad) concerning King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain. Say, "I shall recite to you some of his story."


Comment 1. Who was King Cyrus?

Who was Dhul-Qarnain?

King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain of Persia, today Iran 1200 – 1152 BH (600 BCE – 530 BCE, 600 BC – 530 BC) or 1198 – 1152 BH (576 BCE – 530 BCE, 576 BC – 530 BC).

King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain established the Persian empire and ruled from 1281 – 1152 BH (559 – 530 BCE, 559 – 530 BC).

King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain was known as King of Aryavarta, King of Persia, King of Anshan, King of Media, King of Babylon, King of Sumer and Akkad, King of the four corners of the World.

Cyrus the Great created the largest empire the world had seen up to that time.

King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain conquered most of southwest Asia and much of central Asia, parts of Europe and the Caucasus.

In 1169 – 1168 BH (547 – 546 BCE, 547 – 546 BC) King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain overthrew King Croesus of Lydia in western Asia.

King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain took Babylon today Iraq and freed the Jews who had been taken there when Jerusalem Al-Quds and the first Jewish Temple on the Temple Mount had been destroyed.

King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain made a royal decree allowing the Jews to return to their homeland and to rebuild the Temple, the second Temple in Jerusalem Al-Quds.


Comment 2. Dhul-Qarnain means two horns. What are the two horns?

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:20 The ram which you saw having the two horns, they are the kings of Media and Persia.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:1 In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar (the son of King Nabonidus and commander of the Babylonian military forces, this story is told just before the fall of the city of Babylon to King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) a vision appeared to me, Daniel Daniyal.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:2 And I saw in the vision that I was in Shushan the castle, which is in the province of Elam; and I saw in the vision, that I was by the stream Ulai.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:3 And I lifted up my eyes and saw, that, there stood before the stream a ram which had two horns; and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:4 I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; and no beasts could stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and magnified himself.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:5 And as I was thinking, a male-goat came from the west over the face of the whole earth, and did not touched the ground; and the goat had a conspicuous horn between his eyes.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:6 And he came to the ram that had the two horns, which I saw standing before the stream, and ran at him in the fury of his power.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:7 And I saw him come close to the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and broke his two horns (meaning he conquered the kings of Media and Persia); and there was no power in the ram to stand before him; but he cast him down to the ground, and trampled on him; and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:8 And the male-goat magnified himself exceedingly; and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and instead of it there came up the appearance of four horns toward the four winds of heaven.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:9 And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the beauteous land.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:10 And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and some of the host and of the stars it cast down to the ground, and trampled on them.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:11 Yes, it magnified itself, even to the prince of the host; and from him the continual burnt-offering was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:12 And the host was given over to it together with the continual burnt-offering through transgression; and it cast down truth to the ground, and it wrought, and prospered.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:13 Then I heard a holy one speaking; and another holy one said to that certain one who spoke: 'How long shall be the vision concerning the continual burnt-offering, and the transgression that causes appalment, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trampled under foot?'

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:14 And he said to me: 'To two thousand and three hundred evenings and mornings; then shall the sanctuary be victorious.'

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:15 And it came to pass, when I, even I Daniel Daniyal, had seen the vision, that I sought to understand it; and, I saw, there stood in front of me the appearance of a man.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:16 And I heard the voice of a man between the banks of Ulai, who called, and said: '(Angel) Gabriel Jibril, make this man (Daniel Daniyal) understand the vision.'

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:17 So he (Angel Gabriel Jibril) came near where I (Daniel) stood; and when he (Angel Gabriel) came, I (Daniel) was terrified, and fell on my face; but he said to me: “Understand, son of man (Daniel); that the vision belongs to the time of the end.”

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:18 Now as he (Angel Gabriel) was speaking with me, I (Daniel Daniyal) fell into a deep sleep with my face toward the ground; but he (Angel Gabriel Jibril) touched me, and put me upright.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:19 And he (Angel Gabriel Jibril) said: “Look, I (Angel Gabriel Jibril) will make you know what shall be in the latter time of the indignation; for it belongs to the appointed time of the end.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:20 The ram which you saw having the two horns, they are the kings of Media and Persia.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:21 And the rough male-goat is the king of Greece; and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:22 And as for that which was broken, in the place where four stood up, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not with his power.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors have completed their transgression, there shall stand up a king of fierce countenance, and understanding stratagems.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:24 And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power; and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper and do; and he shall destroy them that are mighty and the people of the saints.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:25 And through his cunning he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and in time of security shall he destroy many; he shall also stand up against the prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:26 And the vision of the evenings and mornings which has been told is true; but you, shut you up the vision; for it belongs to many days to come.”

Jewish Hebrew Bible Daniel 8:27 And I Daniel Daniyal fainted, and was sick certain days; then I rose up, and did the king's business; and I was appalled at the vision, but did not understand it.


Quran 18:84 Verse 18:84 We (Allah) gave him (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) a high position in the earth, and We (Allah) gave him authority in the land means of accomplishing every path (he took). 


Comment 1. Allah in the Jewish Hebrew Bible confirms Allah in the Quran by showing the success King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain achieved on the earth in Ezra 1:1 – 1:4, 1:7 – 1:11.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezra 1:1 Now in the first year of Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain king of Persia, that the word of the Lord (Allah) by the mouth of Prophet Jeremiah Irmiya might be accomplished, the Lord (Allah) stirred up the spirit of Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain king of Persia so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying:

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezra 1:2 Cyrus (Dhul-Qarnain) king of Persia says: All the kingdoms of the earth the Lord (Allah), the Allah of heaven has given to me; and He (Allah) has charged me to build Him (Allah) a house in Jerusalem Al-Quds, which is in Judah (today Israel and Palestine).

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezra 1:3 Whosoever there is among you of all His (Allah’s) people- his Allah be with him -let him go up to Jerusalem Al-Quds, which is in Judah (today Israel and Palestine), and build the house of the Lord, the Allah of Israel, He is the Allah who (whose House) is in Jerusalem Al-Quds.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezra 1:4 And whoever is left, in any place where he travels, let the men of his place help him with silver, and with gold, and with goods, and with beasts, beside the freewill-offering for the house of Allah which is in Jerusalem Al-Quds.'

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezra 1:7 Also Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain the king brought out the vessels of the house of the Lord (Allah), which (Former King) Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of Jerusalem Al-Quds, (when that former King had destroyed the city and the first Jewish Temple), and had put them in the house of his (idol) gods (in Babylon today in Iraq);

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezra 1:8 even those did Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain king of Persia bring out by the hand of Mithredath the treasurer, and numbered them to Sheshbazzar, the prince of Judah (today Israel and Palestine).

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezra 1:9 And this is the number of them: thirty basins of gold, a thousand basins of silver, nine and twenty (920) knives;

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezra 1:10 thirty bowls of gold, silver bowls of a second sort four hundred and ten, and other vessels a thousand.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezra 1:11 All the vessels of gold and of silver were five thousand and four hundred (5400). All these did Sheshbazzar (the prince of Judah, today Israel and Palestine) bring up, when they who had been in captivity were brought up from Babylon (today Iraq) to Jerusalem Al-Quds (today Israel and Palestine). 


Quran 18:85 Verse 18:85 So he (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) followed one path.


Quran 18:86 Verse 18:86 Until, when he (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) reached the place where the sun set (in the far west towards Lydia, the ancient kingdom in Anatolia, today in Turkey), he found it setting on dark waters (the Black Sea). And he (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) found a people near it (and defeated them). We (Allah) said "O King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain, Either punish them or treat them with kindness."


Comment 1. In 1169 – 1168 BH (547 – 546 BCE, 547 – 546 BC) King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain overthrew King Croesus of Lydia in western Asia.


Quran 18:87 Verse 18:87 He (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) said, "The person who does wrong (in rebellion and disbelief by doing what is evil) we shall punish them and then they shall be brought back to their Lord (Allah) who shall punish them (again in the Hereafter) with a greater punishment (in Hell).


Quran 18:88 Verse 18:88 "But the person who believes (in Allah) and leads a righteous life, they shall have the best reward (in Paradise), and we (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) shall treat them kindly (in this life)."


Quran 18:89 Verse 18:89 (Having achieved peace) he (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) then followed another path.


Quran 18:90 Verse 18:90 Until, when he (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) reached the place where the sun rises (far east in Balkh, Afghanistan) on people who had no shelter from it (meaning, no shelter from the Sun because they are a nomadic people who live without houses).


Quran 18:91 Verse 18:91 That is how it was. And We (Allah) provided to him (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) all that he had in knowledge.


Quran 18:92 Verse 18:92 Then he (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) followed another path.


Quran 18:93 Verse 18:93 Until, when he (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) came (north towards the Caucasus, Caucas) between two mountains (the Caucasus Mountains), where he found people in the valley whose language he could hardly understand.

Note 1. Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:6 Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah in the uttermost parts of the north, and all his bands; even many peoples with you.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:15 And you (Gog Ya'juj) shall come from your place out of the uttermost parts of the north, you, and many peoples with you, all of them riding on horses, a great company and a mighty army;

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:2 and I (Allah) will turn you around and lead you on, and will cause you to come up from the uttermost parts of the north; and I (Allah) will bring you on the mountains of Israel;


Quran 18:94 Verse 18:94 They said, “King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain, the Gog Ya'juj and Magog Ma'juj are doing great mischief in the land. So may we pay you to make a barrier between us and them?


Comment 1. Who are Gog Ya'juj and Magog Ma'juj?

Gog Ya'juj meaning “mountain” is the ruler of an ancient people called Magog Ma'juj who descended from Japheth Yafet the son of Prophet Noah Nuh. Identified as the Scythians who lived north of the Crimea from the 7th century BCE BC up until the 4th century CE AD.


Comment 2. Where are Gog Ya'juj and Magog Ma'juj?


Noah world map as known to the children of Israel.

Map: The World as known to the Hebrews. 
A map from the Historical Textbook and Atlas of Biblical Geography of 1854 by Lyman Coleman. 
Magog and Scythians is shown between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea.
Japheth Yafet the son of Prophet Noah Nuh is the name shown in this northern region.
Meshech and Tubal are states near the Black Sea ruled by Gog prince of Magog.
Crimea is in the northen Black Sea.
Thanks to wikipedia.



Quran 18:95 Verse 18:95 He (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) said, "What my Lord (Allah) has given to me is better (than your payment), but if you assist me with the strength (of your men) and I (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) shall make a barrier between you and them.


Quran 18:96 Verse 18:96 "Give me pieces of iron," then, when he (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) had filled up the gap between the two mountain sides, he said, "(Light a fire and) blow (air on it)” until it is red hot, (then) he said, "Bring me molten metal to pour over it."


Comment 1. Allah in the Jewish Hebrew Bible confirms Allah in the Quran by showing the power given by Allah to King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain in Isaiah 45:1  45:7.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Isaiah 45:1 Thus said the Lord (Allah) to His (Allah’s) anointed, to (King) Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain, whose right hand I (Allah) have held to subdue nations before him, and to loose the loins of kings; to open the doors before him, and that the gates may not be shut:

Jewish Hebrew Bible Isaiah 45:2 I (Allah) will go before you (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain), and make the crooked places straight; I (Allah) will break in pieces the doors of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron;

Jewish Hebrew Bible Isaiah 45:3 And I (Allah) will give you (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places so that you may know that I am the Lord (Allah), who call you (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) by your name, even (as I am) the Allah of Israel.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Isaiah 45:4 For the sake of Jacob Yaqub My (Allah’s) servant, and Israel Mine (Allah’s) elect (chosen), I (Allah) have called you by your name,  I (Allah) have surnamed you (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain, to come to Allah), though you have not known Me (Allah).

Jewish Hebrew Bible Isaiah 45:5 I am the Lord (Allah), and there is none else, beside Me there is no Allah; I have girded you, though you have not known Me (Allah);

Jewish Hebrew Bible Isaiah 45:6 That they may know from the rising of the sun (in the East), and from the West, that there is none beside Me; I am the Lord (Allah); and there is none else;

Jewish Hebrew Bible Isaiah 45:7 I (Allah) form the light, and create darkness; I (Allah) make peace, and create evil; I (Allah) am the Lord (Allah), that does all these things.


Quran 18:97 Verse 18:97 And they (Gog Ya'juj and Magog Ma'juj) were not able to climb over it (the barrier) nor could they make a hole in it.


Quran 18:98 Verse 18:98 King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain said, "This is a mercy from my Lord (Allah), but later my Lord (Allah) shall level it (the barrier) down to the ground. The promise of my Lord (Allah) is the truth."


Note 1. Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:20 so that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls (birds) of the heaven (sky), and the beasts of the field and all creeping things that creep on the ground, and all the people that are on the face of the earth, shall shake at My (Allah’s) presence, and the mountains shall be thrown down, and the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground.


Quran 18:99 Verse 18:99 And on that day (when Gog Ya'juj and Magog Ma'juj shall come out) We (Allah) shall let some of them (peoples) surge against others, and (when the time of the hour of the end of the Earth comes) the horn (trumpet) shall be blown. Then We (Allah) shall gather them (humans) all together (from death back to life on the Day of Resurrection in the hereafter).


Comment 1. Allah in the Jewish Hebrew Bible confirms Allah in the Quran by showing what shall happen when Allah calls Gog Ya'juj to do the evil that Gog Ya'juj intends to do in Ezekiel 38:1 – 38:23 and 39:1 – 39:16.

The purpose of this story is to show that no matter how evil one person or a million people are, at the end Allah removes evil from the Earth. It means that those who do evil can never succeed.


Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:1 And the word of the Lord (Allah) came to me (Prophet Ezekiel Zulkifl), saying:

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:2 'Son of man, put your face toward Gog Ya'juj, of the land of Magog Ma'juj, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy (say what shall happen in the future) against him,

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:3 and say: So says the Lord GOD: I (Allah) am against you, Gog Ya'juj, chief prince of Meshech and Tubal;

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:4 and I (Allah) will turn you around, and put hooks into your jaws, and I (Allah) will bring you out, and all your army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed most gorgeously, a great company with buckler and shield, all of them handling swords:

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:5 Persia, Cush, and Put with them, all of them with shield and helmet;

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:6 Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah in the uttermost parts of the north, and all his bands; even many peoples with you.

Note 1, Quran 18:93 Verse 18:93 Until, when he (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) came (north towards the Caucasus, Caucas) between two mountains (the Caucasus Mountains), where he found people in the valley whose language he could hardly understand.


Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:7 You be prepared, and prepare for your self, you, and all your company that are assembled with you, and you be on guard for them.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:8 After many days you shall be gather together for service, in the latter years you shall come against the land that is brought back from the sword, that is gathered out of many peoples, against the mountains of Israel, which have been a continual waste; but it is brought out of the peoples, and they live safely all of them.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:9 And you (Gog Ya'juj) shall ascend, you shall come like a storm, you (Gog Ya'juj) shall be like a cloud to cover the land, you (Gog Ya'juj), and all your bands (of armies), and the many peoples with you.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:10 So says the Lord GOD: It shall come to pass in that day, that things shall come into your mind, and you (Gog Ya'juj) shall devise an evil device (an evil plan);

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:11 and you (Gog Ya'juj) shall say: I shall go up against the land of unwalled (unprotected) villages; I (Gog Ya'juj) shall come on them that are at quiet, that live safely, all of them living without walls, and having neither bars nor gates;

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:12 to take the spoil and to take the prey; to turn your hand against the waste places that are now inhabited, and against the people that are gathered out of the nations, that have gotten cattle and goods, that live in the middle of the earth.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:13 Sheba, and Dedan, and the merchants of Tarshish, with all the magnates thereof, shall say to you (Gog Ya'juj): Have you come to take the spoil (of war)? Have you assembled your company to take the prey (captives)? To carry away silver and gold, to take away cattle and goods, to take great spoil?

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:14 Therefore, son of man (Prophet Ezekiel Zulkifl), prophesy (say what shall happen in the future), and say to Gog Ya'juj: So says the Lord GOD: In that day when My (Allah’s) people Israel live safely, shall you not know it?

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:15 And you (Gog Ya'juj) shall come from your place out of the uttermost parts of the north, you, and many peoples with you, all of them riding on horses, a great company and a mighty army;

Note 1, Quran 18:93 Verse 18:93 Until, when he (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) came (north towards the Caucasus, Caucas) between two mountains (the Caucasus Mountains), where he found people in the valley whose language he could hardly understand.


Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:16 and you shall come up against My (Allah’s) people Israel, as a cloud to cover the land; it shall be in the end of days, and I (Allah) will bring you against My (Allah’s) land so that the nations may know Me (Allah), when I (Allah) shall be sanctified (confirmed as Allah) before their eyes, through (what) you, Gog Ya'juj (shall try to do).

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:17 So says the Lord GOD: Are you (Gog Ya'juj) the one of whom I (Allah) spoke in times of old by My (Allah’s) servants (who were) the prophets of Israel, that prophesied in those days for many years, that I (Allah) would bring you (Gog Ya'juj) against them (the children of Israel)?

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:18 And it shall come to pass in that day, when Gog Ya'juj shall come against the land of Israel, says the Lord GOD, that My (Allah’s) fury shall arise up in My (Allah’s) nostrils.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:19 For in My (Allah’s) jealousy and in the fire of My (Allah’s) wrath have I (Allah) spoken: Surely in that day there shall be a great shaking in the land of Israel;

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:20 so that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls (birds) of the heaven (sky), and the beasts of the field and all creeping things that creep on the ground, and all the people that are on the face of the earth, shall shake at My (Allah’s) presence, and the mountains shall be thrown down, and the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground.

Note 1. Quran 18:98 Verse 18:98 King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain said, "This is a mercy from my Lord (Allah), but later my Lord (Allah) shall level it (the barrier) down to the ground. The promise of my Lord (Allah) is the truth."


Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:21 And I (Allah) will call for a sword against him (Gog Ya'juj) throughout all My (Allah’s) mountains, says the Lord GOD; every man's sword shall be against his brother.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:22 And I (Allah) will plead against him (Gog Ya'juj) with pestilence and with blood; and I (Allah) will cause to rain on him (Gog Ya'juj), and on his bands (of armies), and on the many peoples that are with him (Gog Ya'juj), an overflowing shower, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 38:23 This is how I (Allah) will magnify Myself (Allah), and sanctify Myself (Allah), and I (Allah) will make Myself (Allah) known in the eyes of many nations; and they shall know that I (Allah) am the LORD.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:1 And you, son of man (Prophet Ezekiel Zulkifl), prophesy (say what shall happen in the future) against Gog Ya'juj, and say: So says the Lord GOD: I (Allah) am against you, Gog Ya'juj, chief prince of Meshech and Tubal;

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:2 and I (Allah) will turn you around and lead you on, and will cause you to come up from the uttermost parts of the north; and I (Allah) will bring you on the mountains of Israel;

Note 1, Quran 18:93 Verse 18:93 Until, when he (King Cyrus Dhul-Qarnain) came (north towards the Caucasus, Caucas) between two mountains (the Caucasus Mountains), where he found people in the valley whose language he could hardly understand.


Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:3 and I (Allah) will cut your bow out of your left hand, and will cause your arrows to fall out of your right hand.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:4 You (Gog Ya'juj) shall fall on the mountains of Israel, you, and all your bands (armies), and the peoples that are with you; I (Allah) will give you to the ravenous birds of every sort and to the beasts of the field, to be eaten.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:5 You (Gog Ya'juj) shall fall on the open field; because I (Allah) have spoken it, says the Lord GOD.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:6 And I (Allah) will send a fire on Magog Ma'juj, and on them that live safely in the isles; and they shall know that I am the Lord (Allah).

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:7 And My (Allah’s) holy name will I (Allah) make known in the midst of My (Allah’s) people Israel; neither will I (Allah) suffer My (Allah’s) holy name to be disrespected any more; and the nations shall know that I am the Lord (Allah), the Holy One in Israel.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:8 It shall come (to happen), and it shall be done, says the Lord GOD; This is the day of which I (Allah) have spoken.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:9 And they that live in the cities of Israel shall go out, and shall make fires of the weapons and use them as fuel, both the shields and the bucklers, the bows and the arrows, and the hand-staves, and the spears, and they shall make fires of them (for) seven years;

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:10 so that they shall take no wood out of the field, neither cut down any out of the forests, for they shall make fires of the weapons; and they shall spoil those that spoiled them, and rob those that robbed them, says the Lord GOD.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that I (Allah) will give to Gog Ya'juj a place fit for burial in Israel, the valley of them that pass through on the east of the sea; and it shall stop them that pass through; and there shall they bury Gog Ya'juj and all his multitude (armies and followers); and they shall call it the valley of Hamon-gog Hamon-Ya'juj.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:12 And seven months shall the house of Israel be burying them so that they may clean the land.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:13 Yes, all the people of the land shall bury them, and it shall be to them a renown; in the day that I (Allah) shall be glorified, says the Lord GOD.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:14 And they shall put apart men in continual employment who shall pass through the land to bury with them that pass through those that remain on the face of the land, to clean it; after the end of seven months shall they search.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:15 And when they that pass through shall pass through the land, and any who see a man's bone, then shall he set up a sign by it, until the buriers have buried it in the valley of Hamon-gog Hamon-Ya'juj.

Jewish Hebrew Bible Ezekiel 39:16 And Hamonah shall also be the name of a city. So shall they clean the land.


Comment 2. See Quran 21:96.


Quran 18:100 Verse 18:100 On that day (the Day of Resurrection and Judgement) We (Allah) shall allow those without faith (in Allah who is their creator) to see Hell, – (Continued Quran 18:101).


Quran 18:101 Verse 18:101 – Those whose eyes were covered from My (Allah’s) Reminder (The Quran) and who could not hear (the call to do what is good and avoid what is evil).


Quran 18:102 Verse 18:102 Do those who disbelieve (in One Allah who created everything) think that they can take My (Allah’s) servants (the angels, Prophet Jesus Isa, Saints, etc) as gods (who can hear their prayer) instead of Me (Allah who is the creator and the only one with the power to hear prayer)? Certainly We (Allah) have prepared Hell as the living place for the disbelievers (in the Hereafter).

Note 1. Quran 17:60 Verse 17:60 “.... We (Allah) warn (people to do what is good and avoid what is evil) and make them afraid (of Allah by describing the home for evil doers in Hell Fire in the Hereafter) but it only increases them (some of the humans) in nothing but greater disobedience against Allah (and the commandment to do what is good and avoid what is evil).


Comment 1. See 18:4 – 18:6, 18:52, 18:110).


Quran 18:103 Verse 18:103 Say (Prophet Muhammad), “Shall I tell you whose work (deeds) shall be wasted (on the Earth)?” – (Continued Quran 18:104).


Quran 18:104 Verse 18:104 – (They are), "Those whose wasted their efforts in the pursuit of the pleasures of the world while thinking they were doing good work (deeds).”


Quran 18:105 Verse 18:105 "They are those who disbelieved in the revelations of their Lord (Allah, to do good and reject evil) and the meeting with Him (Allah, on the Day of Resurrection and Judgement in the Hereafter). So their deeds shall become worthless and on the Day of Resurrection, We (Allah) shall not appoint for them any weighing (of value for their deeds because their deeds shall be worthless because what was good they rejected and what was evil they accepted).


Quran 18:106 Verse 18:106 Their reward is Hell because they disbelieved and mocked Our (Allah’s) revelations and Our (Allah’s) messengers.

Note 1. Quran 17:60 Verse 17:60 “.... We (Allah) warn (people to do what is good and avoid what is evil) and make them afraid (of Allah by describing the home for evil doers in Hell Fire in the Hereafter) but it only increases them (some of the humans) in nothing but greater disobedience against Allah (and the commandment to do what is good and avoid what is evil).


Quran 18:107 Verse 18:107 Those who have believed and did good deeds, shall be in the Gardens of Paradise (in the hereafter).


Comment 1. Success in the hereafter requires belief in doing good and rejecting evil and the action of doing good and rejecting evil. 


Quran 18:108 Verse 18:108 Where they shall live forever, with no desire to leave (Paradise).


Quran 18:109 Verse 18:109 Say (Prophet Muhammad to the people), "If the sea was ink for My Lord’s (Allah’s) Words, then the sea would be emptied (all used up) before the Words of my Lord (Allah) would be finished, even if we added another sea like it (it would also be emptied)."


Comment 1. Allah in the Koran is confirmed by Allah in the Gospel.

Allah in the Quran is confirmed by Allah in the Gospel.

Allah in the Quran is confirmed by Allah in the Injil.


Quran 31:27 Verse 31:27 And if all the trees in the earth were (made into writing) pens and the sea (was made into ink that was) increased with seven more seas (as sources of ink), the words (decrees, commands) of Allah would not have ended (by the time all the ink had ended). Allah is the greatest (in importance to every creation) and wise.

Note 1. What Allah has decreed is so vast that humans would not be able to record all of it.


Gospel of John 21:25 And there are also many other things that Jesus Isa did (2000 years ago as the prophet and messenger of Allah who was under the guidance of Allah through the Holy Spirit angel Gabriel Jibril), which if (all the decrees of Allah for the past present and future were) written in detail, I (John, John the evangelist, John the disciple of Jesus Isa, John the apostle of Jesus Isa, the Beloved Disciple, the disciple that Jesus Isa loved) reckon not even the world itself would be able to hold the books that would be written (meaning that Jesus Isa did many things in the world and what Allah has willed has been revealed in the Gospel Injil which confirmed the Torah Taurat and foretold the prophet that would come after Jesus Isa in the Gospel of John 14:16, 15:26 – 15:27, 16:7 – 16:15).

Note 1. If all the decrees of Allah for the past present and future were written in detail they would be so vast that humans would not be able to find the space on the Earth to keep so many books.

Note 2. Jesus said another prophet would come after Jesus in the Gospel of John 14:16, 15:26 – 15:27, 16:7 – 16:15. 

Isa said another prophet would come after Isa in the Gospel of John 14:16, 15:26 – 15:27, 16:7 – 16:15. 

See Gospel of John 14:16 here:

https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/the-gospel-of-john-chapters-13-14   

See Gospel of John 15:26 – 15:27, 16:7 – 16:10 here: 

https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/the-gospel-of-john-chapters-15-16a    

See Gospel of John 16:11 Judgements 1 to 34 here: 

https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/the-gospel-of-john-chapter-16b

See Gospel of John 16:11 Judgements 35 to 39 after the end in section C. References here:

https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/the-gospel-of-john-chapter-21

See Gospel of John 16:12 – 16:15 here: 

https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/the-gospel-of-john-chapters-16c-18 


Quran 18:110 Verse 18:110 Say (Prophet Muhammad to the people), “I am only a human like you. My Lord (Allah) has revealed in me that your Allah is the One and only Allah. And whoever looks forward to meeting their Lord (Allah), let them do righteous deeds, and do not give prayer which all belongs to Allah (the creator), to anyone else (such as to angles, prophets, messengers, saints and any other creation because only Allah the creator has the power to hear prayer. All other prayer is idol worship).”


Comment 1. See 18:4 – 18:6, 18:52, 18:102.

 

 


 

 

Index:

The Quran Chapter 18 The Cave (Al-Kahf, Kahf) in English.

 

 

A


A'ad (tribe of A'ad, tribe of 'Ad, tribe of `Aad, the people of Prophet Eber Hud, they inherited the land after the people of Prophet Noah Nuh, The tribe of A'ad lived on the wind-curved sand hills of Southern Arabia. A'ad, the people of the city of Iram which had high pillars or towers.Most of the people of A’ad died in a great wind that raged for seven nights and eight days in the time of Prophet Eber Hud).

Most of the people of A’ad died in a great wind that raged for seven nights and eight days in the time of Prophet Eber Hud 18:59

 

Adam (Prophet Adam, Adem, Aadam, Adom), Adam meaning “human”, “man”, “human being”, “human kind”, “humankind” “mankind”, the first man, husband to Eve (Eva, Hawa, Hawwa), Adam and Eve’s first son was Cain Qabil, second son Abel Habil and third son was Seth).

Prophet Adam and Satan 18:50

The father of mankind 18:37

 

Adem.

See Adam.


Adultery (Illegal sexual intercourse between married people).

No stoning to death for Adultery in Islam, No stoning to death for Adultery in the Quran 18:20 comment, 18:81 comment.

Stoning to death in Judaism, Christianity and Islam 18:81 comment.

 

Al-Khidar (al-Khidr, al-Khidhr, Hizir, Khidar, Khidir, Khidhr, Khidr, Khizr, Khizar, Khizer, Khizr, Khyzer, meaning “Green one” or “The green one”).

The meeting between al-Khidar and Prophet Moses 18:65 – 18:82


Allah (God).

Correct path to Allah, see True path to Allah.

Allah has no son, no daughter, no wife , no partners 18:26

Allah who is the creator,  Allah is not anything that is created 18:14

Only Allah has the power to hear prayer. Creations that are living or dead have no power to hear prayer 18:4 – 18:6, 18:52, 18:102, 18:110

The solution to ending war between Sunni and Shia is in Quran 18:21 Inshallah 18:21, 18:23 and 18:24 comments.

Who does more sin than he who invents a lie against Allah by praying to creations instead of praying to Allah who created all the creations 18:15

Words of Allah as compared to a sea of ink for writing 18:109

 

B

 

Belief.

Allah gives humans freedom of belief 18:29

 

C

 

Cave.

Allah caused 7 people and a dog to sleep for 309 years in a cave 18:9 – 18:26

How long did the sleepers sleep in the cave? 18:25

How many slept inside the cave? 18:22

Story of the seven sleepers sleepers in a cave 18:9 – 18:26

Place of worship at the cave of the sleepers 18:21

 

Christian (Christians, the Christian religion, the religion of Christianity).

Allah has no son, no daughter, no wife , no partners 18:26

Allah who is the creator,  Allah is not anything that is created 18:14

Only Allah can hear prayer 18:44

Prophet Adam (Adem, Aadam) see Adam.

Prophet Ezra (Uzair, Uzayr) see Ezra.

Prophet Jacob (Israel, Yaqoob, Yaqoub, Yaqub, Ya’qub, Yaakov) see Jacob.

Prophet Jesus (Eesa, Esa, Isa, Iesa, Iesus, Yasu, Yeshua) see Jesus.

Prophet Moses (Musa, Moosa, Mousa, Moshe, Mosheh) see Moses.

Prophet Muhammad (Mohamed, Mohammed, Mahamad, Muhammed) see Muhammad.

See Gospel (Injil).

Speculation in the story of the men in the cave 18:22

Stoning to death in Judaism, Christianity and Islam 18:81 comment.

The idol worship of saints 18:4 – 18:6, 18:52, 18:102

The son of Allah in the Torah (Taurat), Gospel (Injil) and Quran 18:4 – 18:6

The Truth of the word of Allah in the Quran, the Gospel and the Torah 18:27

There is only One Allah 18:110

Who does more sin than he who invents a lie against Allah by praying to creations instead of praying to Allah who created all the creations 18:15

 

Correct path to Allah.

See True path to Allah.

 

Creations.

Only Allah has the power to hear prayer. Creations that are living or dead have no power to hear prayer 18:4 – 18:6, 18:52, 18:102, 18:110

 

Cyrus (King Cyrus the great of Persia, Dhul-Qarnain, Dhu'l-Qarneyn, Zul-qarnain, Zulqarnain 1200 – 1152 BH 600 BCE – 530 BCE 600 BC – 530 BC or 1198 – 1152 BH 576 BCE – 530 BCE 576 BC – 530 BC of Persia, today Iran).

The expeditions of King Cyrus the great of Persia 18:83 – 18:99

 

D

 

Danial (Prophet Danial, Daniyal, meaning “Allah is judge.” Danial was brought to Babylon after the capture of Jerusalem Al-Quds by King Nebuchadnezzar).

Jewish Bible Daniel 8:1 – 8:27 The ram which you saw having the two horns, they are the kings of Media and Persia 18:83 comment.


Day of Judgement (Day of Judgment, Yawm ad-Din, Yaumiddeen, Day of Account, Day of Accounting, Day of Assembling, Day of Assembly, Day of Decision, Day of Distinction, Day of Judgment, Day of Meeting, Day of Mutual Meeting, Day of Gathering, Day of Loss and Gain, Day of Reckoning, Day of Separation, Day of Severing, Day of Sorting out, Day of Summoning, Day of Verdict, Final Judgment, Judgement Day, Judgment Day, Last Judgment, Separation Day, The Threatened Day, The end of the earth is a period of time leading to the end of the Earth and the end of the Universe and the end of all the creation. The end of the earth is followed by the Day of Resurrection in the hereafter and the Day of Judgement. The Last Day means the Day of Resurrection in the hereafter, The Hour means the time or the Day of Resurrection in the hereafter. The Last Day is the end of human evolution on the Day of Resurrection in the hereafter. The Last Day is the completion of human evolution on the Day of Resurrection in the hereafter).

Day of Judgement on the Day of Resurrection 18:8, 18:101 – 18:108

Record of their deeds on the Day of Judgement 18:49


Day of Resurrection (Yawm al-Qiyamah, Day of Emergence from the graves, Inevitable Reality, Resurrection Day, The Deafening Sound, The Overwhelming Event, As-Sakhkhah, The end of the earth is a period of time leading to the end of the Earth and the end of the Universe and the end of all the creation. The end of the earth is followed by the Day of Resurrection in the hereafter and the Day of Judgement. The Last Day means the Day of Resurrection in the hereafter, The Hour means the time or the Day of Resurrection in the hereafter. The Last Day is the end of human evolution on the Day of Resurrection in the hereafter. The Last Day is the completion of human evolution on the Day of Resurrection in the hereafter).

Day of Judgement on the Day of Resurrection 18:8, 18:101 – 18:108

Everyone shall be resurrected on one Day 18:47

The earth shall be barren ground on the Day of Resurrection 18:8

The seven sleepers in a cave 18:9 – 18:26


Devil (devils).

Devils do not have the power of Allah 18:51

 

Dhul-Qarnain.

See Cyrus.

 

Dog.

The dog and the people in the cave 18:18, 18:22

 

E

 

Eber (Prophet Eber, Prophet Hud, Hood, Hoode, Houd, Hude, Huud, tribe of A'ad, tribe of 'Ad, tribe of `Aad, the people of Prophet Hud, lived in Southern Arabia, Most of the people of A’ad died in a great wind that raged for seven nights and eight days in the time of Prophet Eber Hud).

Most of the people of A’ad died in a great wind that raged for seven nights and eight days in the time of Prophet Eber Hud 18:59


Ezekiel (Prophet Ezekiel, Dhu el kifl, Dhul-Kifl, Dhul Kifl, Dhu'l-Kifl, Ezekil, Ezeqeel, Ezeqiel, Hizkil, Hizqil, Hizkael, Hizkeel, Hizqeel, Yehezkel, Zal-Kifl, Zu-Al-Kifal, Zul-kifl, Zul Kifl, Zulkifl, Zulkifli. Ezekiel means “Allah strengthens”. Ezekiel lived in the time of the Babylonian exile and might have been born in 1249 BH 627 BCE 627BC, the last date he mentioned was 1182 BH 570 BCE 570 BC).

Jewish Bible Ezekiel 38:1 – 39:16 The evil of Gog 18:99 comment.


Ezra (Prophet Ezra, Azra, Auzayr, Ozair, Ozayr, Uzair, Uzayr, 'Uzair, 'Üzeyir, Üzeyir, Uzeyir, Ezra meaning “Help” from Azaryahu meaning “Allah helps”, Prophet Ezra made the second return of Jewish exiles from Babylon to Jerusalem Al-Quds in 1080 BH 458 BCE 458 BC  to rebuild Jerusalem Al-Quds and teach the Torah Taurat).

Jewish Bible Ezra 1:1 – 1:4, 1:7 – 1:11 the success King Cyrus (Dhul-Qarnain) achieved on the earth 18:84 comment

Prophet Ezra Uzair called “the son of Allah” 18:4 – 18:6, 18:52, 18:102, 18:110

 

F

 

Forgiveness.

The forgiveness and mercy of Allah is available to anyone before the time of their death 18:58

 

Forget.

Do not blame me for what I forgot 18:73

 

Freedom of belief.

Allah gives humans freedom of belief 18:29

 

G                                                      

 

Garden.

The story of two men, one had two gardens 18:32 – 18:44

 

God.

See Allah.


Gog and Magog (Ya'juj and Ma'juj, Yajuj and Majuj, Yajooj and Majooj, Yagug and Magug, God Ya'juj meaning “mountain” is the ruler of an ancient people called Magog Ma'juj who descended from Japheth Yafet the son of Prophet Noah Nuh. Identified as the Scythians who lived north of the Crimea from the 7th century BCE BC up until the 4th century CE AD).

The people of Gog 18:93 - 18:99 


Gog (Ya'juj).

See Gog and Magog.


Gospel (Engil, Engeel, Enjeel, Enjil, Indjeel, Indjiel, Ingeel, Ingil, Ingiil, Injeel, Injil, Injiil, Injill, Al-Engil, Al-Engeel, Al-Enjeel, Al-Enjil, Al-Ingeel, Al-Ingil, Al-injiil, Al-Injeel, Al-Injil, Al-Injill, in the New Bible, New Testament, Christian Bible).

The Truth of the word of Allah in the Quran, the Gospel and the Torah 18:27

Gospel of John 14:6 "I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father (Allah) but through Me.” 18:5 comment

Gospel of John 14:28 Father (Allah) is greater than I (Prophet Jesus (Isa) 18:4 comment

Gospel of John 16:26 On that day you shall ask (Allah) in my name. I am not saying to you that I shall pray to the Father (Allah) for you 18:4 comment

 

Guided.

Whomever Allah wills to be misguided, no one can guide 18:57

 

H


Hell (Hell fire, Jahannam, Gehenna, Gehennem, Gehinnam, Gehinnom, Saqr, Saqar).

The life in Hell 18:29

 

I

 

Iblis.

See Satan.

 

Idol worship.

Stoning to death for not returning to the religion of idol worship 18:20

The belief that angels are the daughters of Allah 18:4 – 18:6, 18:52, 18:102, 18:110

There is only One Allah 18:110

Who does more sin than he who invents a lie against Allah by praying to creations instead of praying to Allah who created all the creations 18:15

 

Injil.

See Gospel.


Inscription (Raqeem, Er-Rakeem, Er-Raqim, Al-Rakim). 

What is inscription 18:9, 18:21 and 18:24 

 

Isa.

See Jesus.


Isaiah (Prophet Isaiah, Esaias, Ishaia, Isha`ya, Ishiya, Shia, Yeshayahu. Ishaia, meaning “Salvation of the Lord”. Hebrew prophet who lived in Jerusalem Al-Quds in the time of the first Jewish Temple in Jerusalem Al-Quds around 1357 – 1382 BH 735 – 720 BCE 735 – 720 BC).

Jewish Bible Isaiah 45:1 - 45:7 showing the power given by Allah to King Cyrus (Dhul-Qarnain) 18:96 comment.


Inshallah (Allah willing).
The solution to ending war between Sunni and Shia is in Quran 18:21 Inshallah 18:21, 18:23 and 18:24 comments.

Israel.

See prophet Jacob. 

 

J


Jacob (Prophet Jacob, Israel, Isra'īl, Isra'il, Israil, Jaacob, Yaacob, Yaacoob, Yaacoub, Yaacub, Yaakob, Yaakoob, Yaakoub, Yaakub, Yaaqob, Yaaqoob, Yaaqoub, Yaaqub, Yaa’qub, Yaakov, Yacob, Yacoob, Yacoub, Yacub, Yakob, Yakoob, Yakoub, Yakub, Yaqob, Yaqoob, Yaqoub, Yaqub, Ya’qub, Yakov, Yisra’el, Yisroel. Yisra’el son of Isaac and Rebekah, later named Israel meaning “Warrior of Allah”, “Soldier of Allah”).

Prophet Jacob (Israel) 

Prophet Jacob Yaqub 18:96 comments.


Jahannam.

See Hell.

 

Jannah.

See Paradise.

 

Jeremiah (Prophet Jeremiah, Aramaya, Armiya, Irmiya, Jeramiah, Jeremiaah, Jerimiah, Jerremiah, Urmiya, Yirmiyahu, meaning, “the Lord casts”, lived at the time of the destruction of the first temple in Jerusalem, Al-Quds, Kingdom of Judah, today Israel and Palestine).

Jeremiah in the Jewish Bible 18:84


Jesus (Prophet Jesus, Eesa, Eesaa, Eesaah, Eesah, Eessa, Eessaa, Eessaah, Eessah, Esa, Esaa, Esah, Esaah, Essa, Essaa, Essaah, Essah, Isa, Isâ, Isaa, Isah, Isaah, Issa, Issâ, Issah, Issaa, Issaah, Iesa, Iesaa, Iesah, Iessa, Iessaa, Iesus, Yasu, Yasuu, Yeshu, Yeshua, Yeshuaa, Yesus, Jesus Christ, Jesus of Nazareth, Messiah Jesus, Jesus the Messiah, al-Masih, al-Masiih, el-Maseeh, Mashiah, Masiah, Messiah, Ibn Maary, Ibn Mary, Ibn Maryaam, Ibn Maryam, Ibn Miriam, Ibn Miriaam, Ibn Marium, Ibn Miryam, Son of Maary, Son of Mary, Son of Maryaam, Son of Maryam, Son of Miriam, Son of Miriaam, Son of Marium, Son of Miryam. Jesus meaning "Deliverance from evil", Jesus (Isa) was created by Allah with no father just as Allah created Adam with no mother and no father and just as Allah created Eve Hawa with no mother).

Prophet Jesus (Isa) called “the son of Allah” 18:4 – 18:6, 18:52, 18:102, 18:110


Jethro (Prophet Jethro, Shoaib, Shuaaib, Shuaayb, Shu'aayb, Shuaib, Shu’aib, Shuayb, Shu'ayb, Shueyb, Shu'eyb, Sho’aib, Suaib, Suayb, Prophet Jethro meaning overflowed with good deeds in Torah Exodus 3:1, Jether meaning addition in Torah Exodus 4:18, Keni meaning devoted to Allah in Jewish Hebrew Bible Judges 1:16, Heber meaning associate of Allah which means righteous slave of Allah in Jewish Hebrew Bible Judges 4:11, Hobab meaning beloved son of Allah which means beloved righteous servant of Allah in Torah Numbers 10:29, Putiel meaning rejected idol worship in Torah Exodus 6:25,  Raguel, Reuel meaning friend of Allah in Torah Exodus 2:18, Yitro meaning excellent, messenger to the people of Midian Madyan, the people of the woods, an Arab sheik, priest in Midian, Father–in-law of Prophet Moses Musa, Most of the people of Midian Madyan died in a great earthquake in the time of Prophet Jethro Shoaib).

Most of the people of Midian Madyan died in a great earthquake in the time of Prophet Jethro Shoaib 18:59

 

Jew (Jews, the Jewish religion, the religion of Judaism).

Allah has no son, no daughter, no wife , no partners 18:25

Allah who is the creator,  Allah is not anything that is created 18:14

Only Allah can hear prayer 18:44

Prophet Adam (Adem, Aadam) see Adam.

Prophet Ezra (Uzair, Uzayr) see Ezra.

Prophet Jacob (Israel, Yaqoob, Yaqoub, Yaqub, Ya’qub, Yaakov) see Jacob.

Prophet Jesus (Eesa, Esa, Isa, Iesa, Iesus, Yasu, Yeshua) see Jesus.

Prophet Moses (Musa, Moosa, Mousa, Moshe, Mosheh) see Moses.

Prophet Moses (Musa, Mussa, Moosa, Mousa, Moshe, Mosheh) see Moses

Prophet Muhammad (Mohamed, Mohammed, Mahamad, Muhammed) see Muhammad.

See Rabbinic Jewish literature.

See Torah (Taurat).

Speculation in the story of the men in the cave 18:22

Stoning to death in Judaism, Christianity and Islam 18:81 comment.

The son of Allah in the Torah (Taurat), Gospel (Injil) and Quran 18:4 – 18:6

The Truth of the word of Allah in the Quran, the Gospel and the Torah 18:27

There is only One Allah 18:110


Jewish rabbinical stories (Jewish rabbinical literature, Talking animals, Jewish stories in the Quran, Jewish rabbinical literature in the Koran, Jewish rabbinical literature in the Quran).

Jewish stories 18:13 and 18:82 comments

 

K

 

Khidar.

See al- Khidar

 

L

 

 

M


Magog (Ma'juj). 

See Gog and Magog.


Midian (People of Midian, Madyan, Midianites, the people of Prophet Jethro Shoaib, the people of the wooded dales, the people of the grove, the people of the thicket, the people of Al-Aiyka located in the Sinai Peninsula today in Egypt and on the eastern edge of the Gulf of Aqaba today in north western Saudi Arabia, Most of the people of Midian Madyan died in a great earthquake in the time of Prophet Jethro Shoaib in Quran 7:91). 

Most of the people of Midian Madyan died in a great earthquake in the time of Prophet Jethro Shoaib 18:59

 

Misguided.

Whomever Allah wills to be misguided, no one can guide 18:57

 

Mistake.

Do not be hard on me for my mistake 18:73


Moses (Prophet Moses, Moosa, Moosaa, Moossa, Mooses, Mosa, Mosaa, Mosess, Moshe, Mosheh, Mosoos, Mosos, Mossa, Mosses, Mosus, Mousa, Mousaa, Moussa, Musa, Mussa, Mussaa, Musus. Moses means, “He was taken out of the water” in Torah Exodus 2:10, son of Amram and Jochebed, Moses sister was Mary Maryam and older brother Aaron Harun, Moses wife Zipporah was the daughter of Prophet Jethro Shoaib Reuel an Arab sheik Reuel means excellent).

The story of Al-Khidar and Moses 18:65 – 18:82


Muhammad (Prophet Muhammad, Mahamad, Mahammad, Mahamed, Mahammed, Mahumad, Mahummad, Mahumed, Mahummed, Mahomet, Mahommet, Mahomot, Mahommot, Mehamed, Mehammed, Mohamed, Mohammed, Mohomed, Mohomet, Mohommet, Mohamad, Mohammad, Mohamod, Mohammod, Muhamad, Muhamed, Muhammed, Muhumed, Muhummed, Muhumud, Muhummud, Muhammad bin Abdullah, Muhammad ibn Abdullah, 53 BH – 11 AH, 571 – 632 CE, 571 – 632 AD, Muhammad means “Praiseworthy”, Muhammad’s father Abdullah ('Abdullah bin 'Abd al-Muttalib, Abdullah bin Abd al-Muttalib, Abdullah bin Abd al-Muttalib) died before Muhammad’s birth and Muhammad’s mother Aminah (Amina bint Wahb az-Zuhriyya, Aminah bint Wahab) died when Muhammad was 6 years old, Muhammad’s grandfather Abdul Muttalib (Shaiba bin Hashim, Shaiba bin Hashim, Abd al-Muttalib) died when Muhammad was 8 years oldMuhammad was cared for by his uncle Abu Talib (Imran, Abu Talib bin Abd al-Muṭṭalib a leader of the Banu Hashim (Banu Hashem) clan of the Quraish tribe (Quraysh tribe) in Mecca Makkah, Prophet Muhammad is the last prophet and messenger revealed by Allah).

Allah has revealed the Quran to Prophet Muhammad 18:1

There is only One Allah 18:110

 

Musa.

See Moses.

 

Muslim (Muslims, the Muslim religion, the religion of Islam).

Five daily prayers to Allah 18:28

Allah has no son, no daughter, no wife , no partners 18:25

Allah who is the creator,  Allah is not anything that is created 18:14

Only Allah can hear prayer 18:44

Prophet Adam (Adem, Aadam) see Adam.

Prophet Ezra (Uzair, Uzayr) see Ezra.

Prophet Isaiah (Esaias, Ishaia, Isha`ya, Shia, Yeshayahu. Ishaia) see Isaiah.

Prophet Jacob (Israel, Yaqoob, Yaqoub, Yaqub, Ya’qub, Yaakov) see Jacob.

Prophet Jeremiah (Aramaya, Yirmiyahu) see Jeremiah.

Prophet Jesus (Eesa, Esa, Isa, Iesa, Iesus, Yasu, Yeshua) see Jesus.

Prophet Moses (Musa, Moosa, Mousa, Moshe, Mosheh) see Moses.

Prophet Muhammad (Mohamed, Mohammed, Mahamad, Muhammed) see Muhammad.

See Quran.

Speculation in the story of the men in the cave 18:22

Stoning to death in Judaism, Christianity and Islam 18:81 comment.

The son of Allah in the Torah (Taurat), Gospel (Injil) and Quran 18:4 – 18:6

The Truth of the word of Allah in the Quran, the Gospel and the Torah 18:27

There is only One Allah 18:110

Who does more sin than he who invents a lie against Allah by praying to creations instead of praying to Allah who created all the creations 18:15

 

N


Noah (Prophet Noah, Noaah, Noe, Noeh, Noh, Noha, Nooh, Nouh, Nowa, Nowah, Noyach, Nuh, Nuha, Nuuh, Noah meaning “this one shall bring comfort”, the son of Lamech, Noah was the father of 3 sons: Ham, Cham and Shem, Sam, Sem, meaning “prosperity” and Japheth, Yafet, Yafes, Yafeth bin Nuh. Canaan, Kenan was the son of Ham. Most of the people in the time of Prophet Noah Nuh died in a great flood).

Most of the people in the time of Prophet Noah Nuh died in a great flood 18:59


O

 

 

P

 

Paradise (Adn, ‘Adn, Eden, Everlasting Garden, Everlasting Gardens, Garden of Bliss, Garden of Delight, Garden of Eden, Gardens of Eden, Garden of Eternity, Gardens of Eternity, Garden of Paradise, Garden of Pleasure, Gardens of Pleasure, Garden of Perpetuity, Gardens of Perpetuity, Garden of Righteousness, Jannah).

The life in Paradise 18:31

 

Path to Allah.

See True path to Allah.

 

Patience.

How can you have patience with something of which you have no knowledge 18:68


Pharaoh (Feraoun, Féraoun, Feraon, Feraun, Ferawn, Feron, Feroon, Ferown, Firaaon, Firaawn, Firaon, Firaoon, Firaoun, Fir'aun, Firaun, Fir'awn, Firawn, Fircoon, Firhon, Fir'oon, Fircoon, Firoon, Firon, Firoun, Firown, Fir'own, Pharaoh of Egypt, King of Egypt, the possessor of spikes used for torture in Quran 20:71, Pharaoh is the official title given to the rulers of ancient Egypt, meaning “Great house” in earlier times before 2101 BH, 1479 BCE 1479 BC or meaning “King” in later times after 2101 BH, 1479 BCE 1479 BC, the Pharaoh Firon of Egypt and his Army drowned in the Red Sea in the time of Prophet Moses Musa). 

The Pharaoh Firon of Egypt and his Army drowned in the Red Sea in the time of Prophet Moses Musa 18:59

 

Prayer.

Five daily prayers to Allah 18:28

Only Allah has the power to hear prayer 18:4 – 18:6, 18:52, 18:102, 18:110

 

Promise.

How to make a promise 18:23 – 18:24

 

Prophet (prophets).

Prophet Adam (Adem, Aadam) see Adam.

Prophet Ezekiel (Hizqil, Hizqeel, Yehezkel, Zulkifl, Dhul-Kifl, Dhu'l-Kifl, Zal-Kifl, Zu-Al-Kifal, Zul-kifl) see Ezekiel.

Prophet Ezra (Uzair, Uzayr) see Ezra.

Prophet Isaiah (Esaias, Ishaia, Isha`ya, Shia, Yeshayahu. Ishaia) see Isaiah.

Prophet Jacob (Israel, Yaqoob, Yaqoub, Yaqub, Ya’qub, Yaakov) see Jacob.

Prophet Jesus (Eesa, Esa, Isa, Iesa, Iesus, Yasu, Yeshua) see Jesus.

Prophet Moses (Musa, Moosa, Mousa, Moshe, Mosheh) see Moses.

Prophet Muhammad (Mohamed, Mohammed, Mahamad, Muhammed) see Muhammad.

 

Q

 

Quran (Koran, Quraanka Kariimka, Quraan, Qur'aan, Qur'aanka, Quraanka, Qur’aan, Qur’aanka, Qur'aanka Kariimka, Qur’aanka Kareemka, Qur’aanka Karemka, Qur’aanka Karimka, Al Quraan, AlQuraan, Quraanu, Qur'aanu, Quraanu Kareem, Quraanu Karim, Quraanu Kariim, Qur'aanu Kareem, Qur'aanu Karim, Qur'aanu Kariim, Qur'anu, Quranu Kareem, Quranu Karim, Quranu Kariim, Qur'anu Kareem, Qur'anu Karim, Qur'anu Kariim, Quranu, Koranu, Koranu Kareem, Koranu Karim, Koranu Kariim, Koraanu, Koraanu Kareem, Koraanu Karim, Koraanu Kariim, Kur'an-ı Kerim, Kurr-'aan, Kurraan, Holy Kuraan, El Sagrado, Corán, El Coran, El Corán, El Sagrado Coran, El-Qur'an, el-Qur'an, An Coran, An Koran, An Kuran, An Quran, Corán, Sagrado Corán, O Nobre Corán, Le Saint Coran, Coran, Le Coran, Le Koran, Le Quran, The Holy Quran, Holy Quran, Al-Kuruan, Kuruan, Al-Qoran, Qoran, Al-Koraani, Koraani, Corano, Il Corano, Il-Koran, Il-Quran, Il-Kuran, Il-Coran, Il Quran, Il Sacro Quran, Il Sacro Kuran, Il Sacro Koran, Il Sacro Corano, Święty Koran, Coranul Sfânt, Coranul, Sant Alcorà, L'Alcorà, Alcorà, Hellige Koranen, Den Hellige Koranen, Koranen, Heliga Koranen, Den Heliga Koranen, I Koranen, Kur'an, Al Kur’an, Kuran, Kur\'an, Heilige Koran, Heilige Quran, Hellige Koran, Hellige Quran, De Heilige Quran, De Heilige Koran, De Hellige Quran, De Hellige Koran, Der Hellige Quran, Der Hellige Koran, Der Heilige Koran, Der Heilige Quran, Der Koran, Der Holly Koran, Der Holy Koran, Da Holy Koran, Da Holly Koran, Da Holy Quran, Da Holly Quran, El Cora, Le Cora, Časni Kur'an, Časni Kuran, Korán, Svatý Korán, Qoeran, Qoer'ān, Da Qoer'ān, De Qoer'ān, Kùránì, Kurani, Kur'ani, Kur’ani, Kurani Kerim, Kur'ani Kerim, Kur’ani Kerim, Kuran-I, Kur'an-I, Kur’an-I, Kuran-i Kerim, Kur'an-i Kerim, Kur’an-i Kerim, Kuran-ı Kerîm, Kur'an-i Kerîm, Kur’an-i Kerîm, Qurani Kərim, Qurani Şərif, əl-quran, əl-kuran, Dr Kurani, Kuranɛ, Sìlàmɛya, Silameya, Quran-ı Kerim, Quranı, Kerim, Qurani, Quran-I, Qur’an-I, Qur'an-I, Quran-i Kerim, Qur’an-i Kerim, Qur'an-i Kerim, Quran-i Ka’rim, Qur’an-i Ka’rim, Qur'an-i Ka’rim, Quran-i Kareem, Qur’an-i Kareem, Qur'an-i Kareem, Al-Qur'an Al-Karim, Al-Quran Al-Karim, Al-Quran Al-Karem, Al-Quran Al-Kareem, Al Qur'an Al Karim, Al Quran Al Karim, Al Quran Al Karem, Al Quran Al Kareem, Koraani, Koraanil, Püha Koraan, Banal na Quran, Banal na Koran, Pyhä Koraani, Pyhä Kuran, Pyhä Quran, Sveti Quran, Sveti Koran, A Korán, A Qurán, A Kurán, A Corán, Santo Corán, O Corán, An Córan, El Corán, Corão, Santo Corão, Alcorão, O Nobre Alcorão, L'Alcorà, Al Corão, Quran Naofa, Koran Naofa, Santo Corano, Svētais Korāns, Korāns, Suci Al-Quran, Thánh Kinh Qur'an, Thánh kinh Koran, Quran Sanctaidd, Sanctaidd Koran, Sanctaidd Coran, Kureu’an, Die Koran, De Koran, Korana, Alcorán, Al corán, Alcoran, L' Alcorán, L' Alcoran, L'Alcoran, Y Coran, El Corán, Al Qur'ān, Al Karīm, Dëgjo Kuran, Degjo Kur'an, Hikmat-e-Quran, Hikmat-e-Koran, Quran Sharif, Quran Shareef, Quran Kareem, Quran Kariim, Quran Kerim, Quran Karem, Quran Karim, Quraan Sharif, Quraan Shareef, Quraan Kareem, Quraan Karem, Quraan Karim, Al-Qur’ān al-Karīm, Al-Quran-Karīm, Al-Quran-Karim, Al-Quran-Karem, Al-Quran-Kareem, Alqur’aana, Al Qur'aana, Quron, Qur’on, Kuran Sharif, Kuran Shareef, Kuran Kareem, Kuran Karem, Kuran Karim, Kuran Kerim, Kuraan, kur\'aan, Kuraan Sharif, Kuraan Shareef, Kuraan Kareem, Kuraan Karem, Kuraan Kerim, Kuraan Karim, Koran Sharif, Koran Shareef, Koran Kareem, Koran Karem, Koran Karim, Koran Kerim, Koran kariim, Koraan, Koraan Karim, Koraan Kareem, Koraan Karem, Koraan Karim, Koraan Kerim, Koaran, De Koaran, Da Holly Koaran, Koraanin, Ar C’horan, C’horan, Korano, La Korano, Alcoranus, Alchoranus, Coranus, Coron, Alcoron, The Coron, Curanu, The Curan, Lu Curanu, Ang Koran, Ang-Koran, Ang-Quran, Ang Kuran, Ang-Kuran, Leqran, Qör'än, Alxuraan, Al Xuraan, Qurane, Qur'ane, Le Qur'ane, Qur'aane, Al Qur'aane, Le Qur'aane, The Qur'aane, Al Qurane, Al-Qurane, L' Qurane, AL' Quran, AL'Quran, The Quran, Coran, Al-Coran, Al Coran, The Koran, Al-Koran, Al Koran, Koran Karim, Koran Kariim, Koran Kareem, Koran Karem, Kuran, Al-Kuran, The Kuran, Quraan, Al-Quraan, The Quraan, Qur’an, The Qur'an, Al-Qur'an, Al Qur'an, Qur’ān, The Qur’ān, Al-Qur’ān, Al Qur’ān, Yang Quran, Yang Al-Quran, Yang Al Quran, Yang-Quran, Yang Coran, Yang-Coran, Yang Al-Coran, Yang Al Coran, Yang Koran, Yang-Koran, Yang Al Koran, Yang Koran Kareem, Yang Koran Karim, Yang-Koran Kareem, Yang Koran Karem, Yang-Koran Karem, Yang-Koran Karim, Yang Kuran, Yang-Kuran, Yang Al-Kuran, Yang Quraan, Yang-Quraan, Yang Al-Quraan, Yang Qur'an, Yang-Qur'an, Yang Al-Qur'an, Yang Al Qur'an, Yang Qur’ān, Yang Al-Qur’ān, Yang Al Qur’ān, The Coran, Honourable Recital, Nobel Quran, Reminder of their Lord, The Book of Truth, The Clear Book, The Criterion of Right and Wrong, The Criterion of Truth and Falsehood, The Light, The Quran of Truth, The Truth, Holy book of Islam. The recitation as recited by Allah through Angel Gabriel Jibril to Prophet Muhammad. Koran Quran means the recitation. The Quran is the final book of guidance sent to humans by Allah and revealed to Prophet Muhammad over a period of 23 years).

Allah has revealed the Quran to Prophet Muhammad 18:1

Allah’s Reminder is The Quran 18:101

Let whoever wishes to believe or disbelieve in the Quran 18:29

The Truth of the word of Allah in the Quran, the Gospel and the Torah 18:27

There is only One Allah 18:110

 

R

 

Rabbinic Jewish literature.

See Jewish rabbinical stories.

 

Resurrection (from death back to life).

Everyone shall be resurrected on one Day 18:47

See Day of Resurrection.

 

Right path to Allah.

See True path to Allah.

 

S

 

Saints.

The idol worship of saints 18:4 – 18:6, 18:52, 18:102, 18:110


Satan (Shaitaan, Shaitan, Shayatin, Shaytan, Shaaytan, Devil, meaning the one who is cursed because he has lost the mercy of Allah. Known as Eblis, Iblees, and Iblis before he sinned against Allah. He is the father of the jinn who are created from smokeless fire).

Prophet Adam and Satan 18:50

Satan does not have the power of Allah 18:51

Satan’s way is the way against Allah 18:17

 

Shaitan.

See Satan.


Shia (Shia Muslim, Shiah, Shites, Shias).

The solution to ending war between Sunni and Shia is in Quran 18:21 Inshallah 18:21, 18:23 and 18:24 comments.

 

Sin (wrong against Allah).

Who does more sin than he who invents a lie against Allah by praying to creations instead of praying to Allah who created all the creations 18:15

 

Sleep.

Sleeping for 309 years in the cave 18:25


Sodom (town in Canaan believed to be near the Dead Sea, today in Israel, Palestine and Jordan, Most of the people of Sodom died in a great rain of volcanic stones in the time of Prophet Lot Lut).

Most of the people of Sodom died in a great rain of volcanic stones in the time of Prophet Lot Lut 18:59

 

Stoning to death.

Stoning to death for not returning to the religion of idol worship 18:20

Stoning to death a rebellious and disbelieving son in Judaism 18:81

Stoning to death in Judaism, Christianity and Islam 18:81

 

Straight path to Allah.

See True path to Allah.


Sunni (Sunni Muslim).

The solution to ending war between Sunni and Shia is in Quran 18:21 Inshallah 18:21, 18:23 and 18:24 comments.

 

T


Temple (Temple in Jerusalem Al-Quds, The Jewish Temple in Jerusalem Al-Quds, Jewish Temple, Beit Hamikdash, Beyt Hamikdash, The Sanctuary, The Temple Mount, House of the Holy, House of Allah, Temple of the Holy, Temple of Allah, Holy Temple, The sacred place of worship) in Jerusalem Al-Quds today Israel and Palestine. King Solomon Sulaiman constructed the first Jewish Temple around 1582 BH 960 BCE, 960 BC in Jerusalem Al-Quds, Israel. The first Jewish Temple Jerusalem Al-Quds was destroyed in 1209 BH 587 BCE 587 BC by King Nebuchadnezzar of the Babylonian Empire today in Iraq. The second Jewish Temple in Jerusalem Al-Quds was built on the site of the destroyed first Jewish Temple in 1137 BH 515 BCE 515 BC. The second Jewish Temple in Jerusalem Al-Quds was destroyed in 569 BH 70 CE 70 AD by the Roman empire).

The first temple in Jerusalem (Al-Quds) 18:5 comments.

The second temple in Jerusalem (Al-Quds) 18:83 comments.


Thamud (Samood, The Talmudic Tribe of Thamud, Tribe of Thamoud, Tribe of Thamuda, Tribe of Thamudis, Tribe of Samood, they inherited the land after the people of the tribe of A'ad, the ruined deserted buildings of Thamud, People of Prophet Saleh Salih, Thamud carved from the mountains. The Thamud people lived between Palestine and Madain Salih, Mada'in Saleh, Al-Hijr, al-Hejaz, al Madinah region of Saudi Arabia in the Hijaz, Hejaz, Hedjaz region of western Saudi Arabia in a city built in rock. Most of the people of Thamud Samood died in a great earthquake caused by a single mighty blast in the time of Prophet Saleh Salih in Quran 7:78).

Most of the people of Thamud died in a a single mighty blast of earthquake in the time of Prophet Saleh Salih 18:59

 

Taurat.

See Torah.


Torah (Taura, Tauraah, Taurah, Tauraat, Taurat, Tavraat, Tavrat, Tawraah, Tawraat, Tawrah, Tawrat, Thora, Tooraat, Toorah, Toorat, Tora, Torá, Toraat, Torat, Tourat, Towraat, Towrat, Turat, Al-Tauraah, Al-Taurah, Al-Tauraat, Al-Taurat, Al-Tavraat, Al-Tavrat, Al-Tawraah, Al-Tawraat, Al-Tawrah, Al-Tawrat, Al-Tora, Al-Torá, Al-Torah, Al- Torat, Al-Towraat, Al-Towrat, Al- Turat, At-Tauraat, At-Taurah, At-Taurat, At-Tawraat, At-Tawrah, At-Tawrat, At-Torah, At-Towraat) in the Old Bible (Old Testament, Hebrew Bible, Jewish Bible). The Scripture of the Torah Taurat of Prophet Moses Musa is the first five chapters in the Old Bible called Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. Torah means the teachings from Allah or Divine teaching. The revelations of the other prophets of Allah in The Prophets and their writings also called The Writings are included in the Old Bible with the Torah Taurat as they were in the time of Prophet Muhammad and as they are today and all the revelations from Prophet Moses Musa and the other prophets are in one book called the Holy Scriptures. The Torah means The Law).

Jewish Bible Daniel 8:1 – 8:27 The ram which you saw having the two horns, they are the kings of Media and Persia 18:83 comment.

Jewish Bible Ezekiel 38:1 – 39:16 The evil of Gog 18:99 comment.

Jewish Bible Ezra 1:1 – 1:4, 1:7 – 1:11 the success King Cyrus (Dhul-Qarnain) achieved on the earth 18:84 comment.

Jewish Bible Isaiah 45:1 - 45:7 showing the power given by Allah to King Cyrus (Dhul-Qarnain) 18:96 comment.

Jewish Bible, Psalms 2:6 – 2:11 “You are My son, This day I (Allah) have begotten (meaning given My favour and My blessing to) you (who believe in Allah) 18:5 comment.

See Rabbinic Jewish literature.

The Truth of the word of Allah in the Quran, the Gospel and the Torah 18:27.

Torah Deuteronomy 7:7 – 7:8 The children of Israel are the son of Allah 18:5 comment.

Torah Deuteronomy 21:18 – 21:21 Stoning to death a rebellious son 18:81 comment.

Torah Exodus 4:21 – 4:23 Israel is My (Allah’s) son (meaning all the Children of Israel are “His son”. “Son” means a relationship of obedience through the fear and the love of Allah who the creator of every creation) 18:5 comment.

 

True path to Allah (the straight path, the right path, the correct path).

The correct path to Allah 18:1

 

U

 

Uzair.

See Ezra.

 

V

 

 

W

 

Will.

“If Allah will” 18:23

“My Lord guide me on a better course if You (Allah) will” 18:24

 

X

 

 

Y

 

Yaqub.

See prophet Jacob

 

Z

 

Zul-qarnain.

See Cyrus.

 

 


 

 Interpretations of the Quran (Al-Quran, Al Quran).

 

This is an interpretation of some of the meanings in the Quran. 
This is not a perfect translation of the Quran because the Quran is in the Arabic language. 
The Arabic language in the Quran must be understood as it was understood over 1400 years ago. 
Allah guides who He wills to the correct understanding of the Quran. 
In the English language the word Allah is God. 
Allah (God) is the creator of the Jews, Christians, Muslims and everyone and everything that exists.

 

Islam and the Quran chapter (sura, suraa, suraah, surah, suraat, surat), chapters (suras, suraas, suraahs, surahs, suraats, surats), verse (ayaah, aya, ayah, ayaahs, ayas, ayahs), verses (ayaas, ayaat, ayas, ayat), (ayaats, ayats), analysis, annotation, clarification, comment, commentary, elucidation, examination, explanation, foot note, interpretation, investigation, note, observation, remark, study, understanding, analyses, annotations, clarifications, comments, commentaries, elucidations, examinations, explanations, foot notes, interpretations, investigations, notes, observations, remarks, studies, understandings of Islam and the Quran (The Coran, Al-Coran, Al Coran, The Koran, Al-Koran, Al Koran, The Quran, Al Quran, Al-Quran, The Qur'an, Al-Qur'an, Al Qur'an, The Qur’ān, Al-Qur’ān, Al Qur’ān). 

 

 

Forgive me for my errors, misinterpretations, misunderstands and omissions. 
Corrections and Questions are welcome and can be emailed to somaliahamradio@yahoo.com

 

 

Islam and the Quran index http://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran/index  

 

The Quran, Torah and Gospel on the Moon and Mars (home page) 

https://sites.google.com/site/islamandthequran