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IPSA RC44 2017 CHRISTCHURCH







Redefining the Role of the Military in Democratization

Conference organized by

International Political Science Association

Research Committee on Military's Role in Democratization (RC44)

Hosted by Macmillan Brown Centre for Pacific Studies (University of Canterbury),

Centre for Defence and Security Studies (Massey University), New Zealand


Venue: University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand

4 - 5 July 2017





Theme: Redefining the role of the military in democratization

Report
Conference on democratization and the military, organized by Research Committee 44 (RC44) was held at the University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand on 4-5 July 2017. The conference provided a forum for discussions on a number of issues related to democratization and the military.

The papers provided a wide and comparative prism of the different regions of the world (Americas, Africa, Europe, Middle East, Asia and Pacific) as well as the unique circumstances of different countries and specific situations. The papers were based on theoretical discourse, empirical case studies, comparative analysis between regions or countries or critical narrative and reflection of an ongoing situation. We hope to publish the papers in a special book issue.

Photographs from the Conference
Photo 1: Presentations, July 4, afternoon.

Photo 2: Book launch and dinner, July 5, evening.

Program
This is the last version of the program issued shortly before the conference. In the actual conference, we attempted to combine the panels in a way that all participants could  listen to presentations and take part in discussions.

You can download the printed version of the program and abstracts here. Be aware that the printed version was revised after its publication.

Full papers are available here. Please ask the organizer (ipsarc44<at>yahoo.com) for the password to access full papers. All participants had been informed by e-mail before the start of the conference.

Day 1, Tuesday (04/07/2017) 

Session

Time

Panels in Room 1

Room 2

Remarks

-

8.00-8.45

Registration

-

 

-

9.00-10.00

Opening Ceremony

 -

 

-

10.00-10.30

Morning Tea


 

A

10.30-12.00

1

2

 

-

12.00-1.00

Lunch

 

B

1.00-2.30

3

4

 

-

2.30-3.00

Afternoon Tea


 

C

3.00-4.30

5

6

 

D

4.30-4.45

7 (Keynote 2)


 

E

4.45-5.30

8 (Administrative)

-





Day 2, Wednesday (2017/7/5)

Session

Time

Room 1

Room 2

Remarks

F

9.00-9.30

Plenary Updates/ Journal Launch

-

 

G

9.30-10.30

9 (Keynote 3)

-

 

-

10.30-11.00

Morning tea


 

H

11.00-12.30

9

10

 

-

12:30-1.30

Lunch

 -

 

I

1.30-3.00

11

12

 

-

3.00-3.30

Afternoon tea

 -

 

J

3.30-5.00

13

14

 

-

6.00-8.00

Dinner (Shilling Club)

-

 




Day 1 (2017/7/4, Tuesday)

 

Opening Ceremony: 9:00-10:00


Opening Ceremony

  Time

Information

8:00-8:45

Registration

9:00-9:05

Housekeeping and Safety Briefing

9:05-9:10

Traditional Maori welcome (Mihi Whakatau)

9:10-9:30

Opening Statement by Chancellor (Dr. John Woods)

9:30-9-45

Keynote Speech 1: Ratuva, Steven

 

Session A: 10:30-12:00

1

The Changing Role of the Military in Politics

Chair:

Ratuva, Steven

Panelists:

 

Baciu, Cornelia Adriana:

The Changing Role of the Military in Pakistan: Democratisation Through NGO Interaction?

Kitts, Miles:

The distribution of domestic political power within democracies and civil-military relations:   The case of post-1789 France

Hannan, Kate:

The Changing Role of the Military in Chinese Politics

Ockey, James:

Order, Chaos and Democracy:  The 2014 Military Coup in Thailand

Ratuva, Steven:

Chair (Keynote Speech 1)

 

2

The Challenges to the Democratic Oversight of the Military

Chair:

Karim, Mohd Animul

Panelists:

 



Karim, Mohd Aminul:

Political Culture and Institutions-building Impacting CMR in Bangladesh?

Arugay, Aries:

Informal Institutions and Democratizing Civil-Military Relations/. The Philippines from a Comparative Perspective






Session B: 13:00-14:30

3

The Military, Police and Internal Control

Chair:

Gupta, Asha

Panelists:

 

Gupta, Asha:

Can Military be Entrusted the Role of Police?

Dhenin, Miguel:

The evolution of the role of the Brazilian Army in Amazon borderlands: new urban police practices challenging traditional norms of the security field?



Mwatwara, Wesley:

Policing the state: The army and the preservation of ‘peace and order’ in Zimbabwe, c.1997 – 2008

Espesor, Jovanie:

Soldiers, Rebels and the Overlords

  

4

The Military, Socio-Political Relations and Marginalization

Chair:

Naidu, Vijay

Panelists:

 

Bhandari, Pitambar:

National Security Policy in Evolving Democracies: Role of Military in Nepal

Naidu, Vijay:

The Fiji Military Forces and Ethnicity



Rakuita, Tui:

The Chiefly System and the Military in Fiji

 

 

 

 

LUNCH

 

Session C: 15:00-16:50

5

Militarization of the State

Chair:

Ndimande, Jefferson

Panelists:

 



Vandamme, Dorothée:

Between a behavior of deviance and a rhetoric of normalization:  the military as a factor of Pakistan’s international stigmatization

Arsh, Arshad:

Democratic Breakdown in post-Mubarak Egypt

Ndimande, Jefferson:

Securocracy and Militarisation of the State in Zimbabwe c1980-2016

Senituli, Lopeti:

16/11: The Role of His Majesty's Armed Forces in Constitutional Reform in Tonga

 

6

The Role of the Military in Peace-Keeping and Peace-Building

Chair:

Aguilar, Sergio

Panelists:

 





Fraenkel, Jon:

The Role of the Military and Police in RAMSI

Aguilar, Sergio:

European Union Military Operations: the use of force in Chad, Central African Republic and Democratic Republic of Congo

Tasneem, Somia:

The EU as a Parliamentary Democracy Promoter in Pakistan? Challenges and Strategies


Session D: 16:30-16:45

7

Keynote Speech 2

Chair:

Azizian, Rouben

Participants:

All

 

 

Session E: 16:45-17:30

8

Administrative Session (RC44)

Chair:

Ratuva, Steven

Participants:

All

 


Day 2 (2017/7/5, Wednesday)

 Session F: 9:00-9:30


Plenary Updates / Journal Launch

Chair:

Ratuva, Steven

Participants:

All

 

Session G: 9:30-10:30

8

Keynote Speech 3

Speaker:

Firth, Stewart

Participants:

All participants are welcome

 


Session H: 11:00-12:30

9

Gender, Democratization and the Military

Chair:

Gershoni, Yekutiel

Panelists:

 

Tagicakibau, Ema:

Peace-building and masculinity: A gendered approach

Gershoni, Yekutiel:

Liberian Women's Struggle to End the Civil War and Establish Democracy

Boomen, Marcus:

Gendered Violence Against Civilian Males: A case study using the Bougainville conflict

Costello, Arieta Koila:

Shaping Spaces



 

10

The Military, Justice and Security

Chair:

Compel, Radomir

Panelists:

 

Zambrano Ramírez, José Pablo:

Protego ergo obligo: the sovereignty paradox in the Responsibility to Protect doctrine

Sumbas, Azer:

A Quandry in the Humanitarian Law: Unlawful Combatants and Civilians by Referring to the Children

Compel, Radomir:

Rethinking the Second Wave

Oinam, Anuradha:

Privatisation of Security and its Legal aspects in Contemporary International Politics

 

 

 

 

 

Session I: 13:30-15:00

11

Terrorism, the Military, and Privatization of Security

Chair:

Babaji, Halilu

Panelists:

 

Babaji, Halilu:

Rapid Expansion and Misuse of Small Arms and Light Weapons in West Africa: A dysfunctional Factors towards Achieving a Meaningful Economic, Social and Political Development in Nigeria

Hustedt, Anthony:

Terminating Terrorism with Negotiations: A Divided Path Towards Progress




Okoli, Al Chukwuma:

The Military, Volunteer Vigilantism and Counter-Insurgency in North East Nigeria


 

 

12

Post-Colonial Democracy and Military Rule

Chair:

Shin, Youngtae

Panelists:

 

Shin, Youngtae:

Military Protection by Foreign Powers and the Rise of Nationalism of the Host Countries: the Case of South Korea

Al Wardi, Sémir:

Military evolution in French Polynesia

Nurullayev, Dmitriy

The Effect of Choice of Diplomatic Strategy on Outcome Success in Interactions with Authoritarian Regimes



  van Wyk, Jo-Ansie:

 The Executive and the military in post-apartheid South Africa

 

 

Session J: 15:30-17:00

13

Armament Buildup, Militarization, and Propaganda

Chair:

Neethling, Theodor

Panelists:

 

Neethling, Theodor:

The problem relating to the modernisation of the South African National Defence Force and its external role: From Defence Review 1998 to Defence Review 2015

Elovits, Tal:

Parliament coalition instability as a vital component in the development process of Israel security doctrine regarding Palestinian terrorism: From Oslo accords to our days



Borisov, Maxim:

Military propaganda in media in Russian Federation (2008-2016)

Carnegie, Paul:

SCAF, Reserved Domains and Rollback: The Deracination of Egypt's Arab Spring

 

14

The Military and International Cooperation

Chair:

Hoverd, William

Panelists:

 

Hoverd, William:

New Zealand National Security – Democracy and Deployment?

Ball, Rhys:

NZSOF A History



Goiran, Helene:

Role of the French Military in the Pacific

Tekulu, Karlyn:

Indigenous Perspectives: Attitudes of Solomon Islanders towards the military contingent in a police-led intervention.




Organizing committee
Steven Ratuva, University of Canterbury (steven.ratuva@canterbusry.ac.nz)
Radomir Compel‚ Nagasaki University (cmplrad@nagasaki-u.ac.jp)
Anna Powles, Massey University (A.R.Powels@massey.ac.nz)
Jovanie Espesor, University of Canterbury (jovanie.espesor@pg.canterbury.ac.nz)
Ashalyna Noa, University of Canterbury (ashalyna.noa@canterbury.ac.nz)
Karlene Tekulu, University of Canterbury (karlyn.tekulu@pg.canterbury.ac.nz)
Marcus Boomen, University of Canterbury (marcus.boomen@pg.canterbury.ac.nz)