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Transit glossary of terms


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3C process A process for planning transportation services that is required by FHWA and FTA in urbanized areas. The 3C planning process is defined by comprehensive, continuing and cooperative planning initiatives and procedures. 
abatement Reducing the degree or intensity of emissions or pollution. 
accelerated retirement of vehicles A program of the EPA that allows industries that exceed federal emission standards to purchase older model vehicles from the general public to remove them from the road. 
accessibility The extent to which facilities are barrier free and useable by persons with disabilities, including wheelchair users. 
access management Access management is the process that provides for and manages access to land and land developments adjacent to a road system, while simultaneously preserving the flow of traffic on the road system in terms of safety, capacity and speed. 
acid rain An environmental consequence of pollution from vehicle emissions. 
action plan Required of each state FHWA. The action plan describes the organizational arrangements, assignments of responsibility and the decision making process followed in developing federal-aid highway projects. 
ADA paratransit service The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) guarantees people with disabilities the same access to public transportation as people without disabilities. People with disabilities who cannot use the fixed-route buses can use designated ADA paratransit service. The ADA paratransit service is a shared curb-to-curb transportation ride service. Passengers usually ride with others who are traveling in the same general direction, and drivers may stop to pick up or drop off passengers on route. ADA paratransit services are designed to operate the same days and hours as the fixed-route service available in the area. ADA paratransit services are complementary or comparable to fixed route and only operate within three-quarters of a mile of fixed-route services. 
advanced public transportation systems (APTA) Technology that is designed to improve transit services through advanced vehicle operations, communications, customer service and market development. 
alternative analysis An analysis of the engineering and financial feasibility of alternatives under consideration for a rail extension or other major transit construction project; required before federal moneys can be allocated to a project. 
alternative fuels Low-polluting fuels used to propel a vehicle instead of high-sulfur diesel or gasoline. Examples include methanol, ethanol, propane or compressed natural gas, liquid natural gas, low-sulfur or "clean" diesel and electricity. 
Alternative Transportation in Parks and Public Lands – Section 5320 FTA grant program aimed at congestion in and around popular national parks, wildlife refuges, national forests, and other federal lands that invariably cause traffic delays and noise and air pollution that substantially detract from the visitor’s experience and the protection of natural resources. Congress established the Alternative Transportation in the Parks and Public Lands program to enhance the protection of national parks and federal lands and increase the enjoyment of those visiting them. Administered by the Federal Transit Administration in partnership with the Department of the Interior and the Forrest Service, the program funds capital and planning expenses for alternative transportations systems such as shuttle buses and bicycle trails in national parks and public lands. The goals of the program are to conserve natural historical, and cultural resources; reduce congestion and pollution; improve visitor mobility and accessibility; enhance visitor experience; and ensure access to all, including persons with disabilities. 
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) National group of transportation agencies whose focus is to study issues and develop policies and standards related to all aspects of transportation. 
American Public Transportation Association (APTA) A national organization represented by a collective membership of public transportation users, operators, elected officials and advocates while serving as one of the principal and leading forces in advancing public transportation. 
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) This law, signed into law on July 26, 1990, is a civil rights act that is designed to ensure equal access to employment, public accommodations, telecommunications and transportation for people with disabilities. Under the Act, persons with disabilities are to be provided equal access to public transportation services. To ensure equal access, the law requires that all new vehicles purchased for general fixed-route public transportation service be made accessible to persons with disabilities, among other requirements. 
a.m. peak period The period in the morning when additional services are provided to handle higher passenger volumes. The period begins when normal scheduled headways are reduced and ends when headways return to normal. 
annual element Those transportation improvement projects, contained in an area's Transportation Improvement Program (TIP), that are proposed for implementation in the current year. The annual element is submitted to the U.S. Department of Transportation as part of the required planning process. 
apportionment A federal budgetary term that refers to a statutorily prescribed division or assignment of funds. It is based on prescribed formulas in the law and consists of dividing authorized obligation authority for a specific program among transit systems. 
appropriation A federal budgetary term that refers to an act of Congress that permits federal agencies to incur obligations and make payments out of the U.S. Treasury for specified purposes. An appropriation act is the most common means of providing budget authority, but in some cases the authorization legislation itself provides the budget authority. 
attainment area An area considered to have air quality that meets the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for a given pollutant. 
authorization Basic, substantive legislation that establishes or continues the legal operation of a federal program or agency, either indefinitely or for a specific period of time, or sanctions a particular type of obligation or expenditure within a program. An authorization may set appropriation limits. 
automated guideway An electric railway operating without vehicle operators or other crew on board the vehicle. 
automated passenger counters  
automated vehicle locators  
automatic fare collection system (AFC) A system of controls and equipment that automatically admits passengers on insertion of the correct fare in coins, tokens, tickets or farecards; it may include special equipment for transporting and counting revenues. 
auto restricted zone (ARZ) An area in which normal automobile traffic is prohibited or limited to certain times, and vehicular traffic is restricted to public transit, emergency vehicles, taxicabs and, in some cases, delivery of goods. 
average daily traffic (ADT) The average 24 hour volume, being the total volume during a stated period dived by the number of days in that period. Unless otherwise stated, the period is a year. 
average vehicle occupancy (AVO) The number of people traveling by private passenger vehicles divided by the number of vehicles used. 
average vehicle ridership (AVR) The ratio of all people traveling by any mode, including cars, buses, trains and bicycles (or telecommuting), in a given area during a given time period to the number of cars on the road. A key measure of the efficiency and effectiveness of a transportation network. 
balanced A system in which modal transportation facilities and services are treated as part of a single system and each component is planned in a manner that most effectively uses its special characteristics in combination with other elements to provide mobility for people and goods. 
base fare The price charged to one adult for one transit ride; excludes transfer charges, zone charges, express service charges, peak period surcharges and reduced fares. 
beneficiary For the National Transit Database, any agency directly operating or purchasing public transit services that receives funding under the Urbanized Area Formula Program and the FTA, or a purchased transportation provider under contract to a recipient of UAFP funds. 
bond (finance) An interest-bearing certificate of debt issued to raise funds. 
budget resolution A federal budgetary term that refers to a concurrent resolution passed by Congress, but not requiring the signature of the president, setting forth the congressional budget for each of five fiscal years. The budget resolution sets forth various budget total and functional allocations, and may include reconciliation instructions to designated House or Senate committees. 
Bus and Bus Facilities Discretionary Program 49 U.S.C. 5309 
bus, articulated A bus usually 55 feet or more in length with two connected passenger compartments that bend at the connecting point when the bus turns a corner. 
bus, charter A bus transporting a group of persons who, pursuant to a common purpose, and under a single contract at a fixed price, have acquired the exclusive use of a bus to travel together under an itinerary. 
bus, circulator A bus serving an area confined to a specific locale, such as a downtown area or suburban neighborhood with connections to major traffic corridors. 
bus discretionary capital Federal funding granted under Section 3 of the Federal Transit Act (formerly known as the Urban Mass Transportation Act). These discretionary funds are used for bus-related construction projects or to replace, rehabilitate or purchase buses. 
bus, express A bus that operates a portion of the route without stops or with a limited number of stops. 
bus, feeder A bus service that picks up and delivers passengers to a rail rapid transit station or express bus stop or terminal. 
bus, intercity A bus with front doors only, high-backed seats, separate luggage compartments, and usually with restroom facilities for use in high-speed, long-distance service. 
bus lane A street or highway lane intended primarily for buses, either all day or during specific periods, but sometimes also used by carpools meeting requirements set out in traffic laws. 
bus, medium-size A bus from 29 to 34 feet in length. 
bus (motorbus) A rubber-tired, self-propelled, manually-steered vehicle with fuel supply carried on board the vehicle. Types include advanced design, articulated, charter, circulator, double deck, express, feeder, intercity, medium-size, new look, sightseeing, small, standard-size, subscription, suburban, transit and van. 
bus passenger shelter  
bus rapid transit (BRT)  
bus-related facilities  
bus shelter A building or other structure constructed near a bus stop, to provide seating and protection from the weather for the convenience of waiting passengers. 
bus, small A bus 28 feet or less in length. 
bus, standard-size A bus from 35 to 41 feet in length. 
bus stop A place where passengers can board or alight from the bus, usually identified by a sign. 
bus, subscription A commuter bus express service operated for a guaranteed number of patrons from a given area on a prepaid, reserved-seat basis. 
bus, suburban A bus with front doors only, normally with high-backed seats, and without luggage compartments or restroom facilities for use in longer-distance service with relatively few stops. 
bus, transit A bus with front and center doors, normally with a rear-mounted engine, low-back seating, and without luggage compartments or restroom facilities for use in frequent-stop service. 
bus, trolley An electric, rubber-tired transit vehicle, manually steered, propelled by a motor drawing current through overhead wires from a central power source not on board the vehicle. Also known as "trolley coach" or "trackless trolley." 
bus, van A 20-foot long or shorter vehicle, usually with an automotive-type engine and limited seating normally entered directly through side or rear doors rather than from a central aisle, used for demand response, vanpool, and lightly patronized motorbus service. 
busway Exclusive freeway lane for buses and carpools. 
capacity Number of passengers or vehicles that can travel in one or both directions over a specified time period. 
capital cost Expenditures, as defined by FTA guidelines, related to long-term assets of a public transit system such as property, buildings and vehicles. Under Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU), FTA has broadened definition of capital costs to include bus overhauls, preventive maintenance and, when applicable, a share of ADA/paratransit expenses. 
capital expenses Equipment expenses. 
capital investment Money used to induce development and investment in communities surrounding transit projects by funding transit projects. 
car Vehicle moving on wheels. 
carpool An arrangement where two or more people share the use and cost of privately owned automobiles in traveling to and from prearranged destinations together. 
categorical exclusion (CE)  
charter bus  
charter bus service  
Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA) The comprehensive federal legislation that establishes criteria for attaining and maintaining the federal standards for allowable concentrations and exposure limits for various air pollutants; the act also provides emission standards for specific vehicles and fuels. 
Clean Air Act (CAA) Federal legislation that sets national air quality standards; requires each state with areas that have not met federal air quality standards to prepare a SIP. The sweeping 1990 amendments to the CAA, sometimes referred to as CAAA, established new air quality requirements for the development of metropolitan transportation plans and programs. 
clean diesel bus  
Clean Fuels Grant Program Section 5308 FTA structured program commonly referred to as the Clean Fuels Grant Program. The program has a two-fold purpose. First, the program was developed to assist nonattainment and maintenance areas in achieving or maintaining the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for ozone and carbon monoxide (CO). Second, the program supports emerging clean fuel and advanced propulsion technologies for transit buses and markets for those technologies. 
community action plan A strategic document created by a community group detailing a clear list of steps to improve transit in their region. Plan should include a timeline and a list of who is responsible for carrying out each step. 
commuter bus Bus that transports passengers from their neighborhood to a place near their work usually traveling from the suburbs to the city. 
computer-aided dispatching  
Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) Improvement Program  
corridor-based bus improvements  
debt service reserve (DSR)  
dedicated funding source A source of moneys that by law is available for use only to support a specific purpose, and cannot be diverted to other uses. 
Design and Art in Transit Projects  
disadvantaged business enterprise (DBE) [when not mentioning the program]; Disadvantage Business Enterprise (DBE) Program/DBE Program [when writing about the program] A business owned and operated by one or more socially and economically disadvantaged individuals. Socially and economically disadvantaged individuals include African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, Asian Pacific Americans or Asian Indian Americans and any other minorities or individuals found to be disadvantaged by the Small Business Administration under Section 8(a) of the Small Business Act. 
discretionary grant Funding awarded both selectively and competitively based on merit. 
early disposition policy  
earmark A federal budgetary term that refers to the specific designation by Congress that part of a more general lump-sum appropriation be used for a particular project; the earmark can be designated as a minimum and/or maximum dollar amount. 
environmental assessment (EA)  
environmental impact statement (EIS)  
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)  
ethanol An alternative fuel; a liquid alcohol fuel with vapor heavier than air; produced from agricultural products such as corn, grain and sugar c,ane. 
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Division of the U.S. Department of Transportation responsible for administrating federal highway transportation programs. Major program areas include the Federal-Aid Highway Program, which provides federal financial assistance to the states to construct and improve the National Highway System, urban and rural roads, and bridges. The FHWA also manages a comprehensive research, development and technology program. 
Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) Division of the U.S. Department of Transportation responsible for setting federal rules and standards that railroads must abide by, including vehicle safety. FRA employs safety inspectors to monitor railroad compliance with federally mandated safety standards including track maintenance, inspection standards and operating practices. The FRA conducts research and development tests to evaluate projects in support of its safety mission and to enhance the railroad system as a national transportation resource. 
Federal Transit Administration (FTA) Division of the U.S. Department of Transportation responsible for planning and programming of transit-related projects and programs throughout the nation. In providing financial, technical and planning assistance, the agency provides leadership and resources for safe and technologically advanced local transit systems while assisting in the development of local and regional traffic reduction. The FTA maintains the National Transit Library (NTL), a repository of reports, documents and data generated by professionals and others from around the country. The NTL is designed to facilitate document sharing among people interested in transit and transit-related topics. 
finding of no significant impact (FONSI)  
fixed cost An indirect cost that remains relatively constant, irrespective of the level of operational activity. 
fixed guideway  
fixed guideway electric trolley-bus  
fixed guideway steel-wheeled trolley  
fixed route Service provided on a repetitive, fixed-schedule basis along a specific route with vehicles stopping to pick up and deliver passengers to specific locations; each fixed-route trip serves the same origins and destinations, unlike demand responsive and taxicabs. 
fixed-route system  
FTA Livability Grant Programs Many of the FTA's grant programs offer states, metropolitan areas, small communities the opportunity to create these accessible, livable communities out of these programs. 
full funding grant agreement (FFGA)  
hashtag Hashtag is a word or a phrase prefixed with the symbol #,[1][2] a form of metadata tag. Also, short messages on microblogging social networking services such as Twitter, Tout, identi.ca, or Google+ may be tagged by including one or more with multiple words concatenated, e.g.: #iatraffic 
heavy-duty transit bus first use: heavy-duty (HD) transit bus; then: HD transit bus 
high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane  
high-occupancy-vehicle lane (HOV) The technical term for a carpool lane, commuter. 
#iatraffic Hashtag for Twitter used in microblogging social networking services such as Twitter, Tout, identi.ca, or Google+ may be tagged by including one or more with multiple words concatenated 
intelligent transportation system (ITS)  
intercity bus  
intercity rail station and terminals  
intermodal facility  
Iowa Intercity Bus Program Capitalize as shown 
Iowa Public Transit Association  
Job Access and Reverse Commute Program (JARC)  
light-duty bus first use: light-duty (LD) bus; then: LD bus 
light-rail transit (LRT) Fixed guideway transportation mode that typically operates on city streets and draws its electric power from overhead wires; include streetcars, trolley cars and tramways. Differs from heavy rail that has a separated right of way, and includes commuter and intercity rail in that it has lighter passenger capacity per hour and more closely spaced stops. 
like-kind exchange  
like-kind substitution  abbreviation for the phrase: LKS 
Livable Communities Initiative  
load factor The ratio of passengers actually carried versus the total passenger capacity of a vehicle. 
locally preferred alternative (LPA)  
long-range transportation plan Plan for regional or statewide transportation improvements that every MPO and state must develop. The plan usually looks 20 years ahead and is revised every five to six years. 
low-income A household or family whose annual gross income does not exceed 80 percent of the median income for the area (adjusted for the family size). Another frequently used measure is 200 percent of the annual federal poverty guidelines. In 2006, a family of three at 200 percent of these guidelines would earn $33,200 annually. 
mass transit Transportation by bus, rail or other vehicles, providing service to the public on a regular and continuing basis. 
mass transit account The federal account into which a designated portion of motor fuel taxes is placed. 
medium-duty transit bus first use: medium-duty (MD) transit bus; then: MD transit bus 
metropolitan planning area (MPA)  
metropolitan planning organization (MPO) A federally required transportation planning body responsible for development of the areas respective regional transportation plan (RTP) and the accompanied transportation improvement program (TIP) in its region; the governor designates an MPO in every area with a population more than 50,000. 
metropolitan planning program (MPP)  
Metropolitan Transportation Improvement Program (TIP)  
minimum operable segment (MOS)  
mixed-use project  
modal split A term describing how many people use alternative forms of transportation. Frequently used to describe the percentage of people using private automobiles as opposed to the percent using public transportation. 
multimodal Refers to the availability of multiple transportation options, especially within a system or corridor. A concept previously embraced in the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (ISTEA), a multimodal approach to transportation planning focuses on the most efficient way of getting people or goods from place to place, be it by truck, train, bicycle, automobile, airplane, bus, boat, foot or even a computer modem. 
National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS)  
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)  
National Highway System (NHS) An approximately 155,000-mile interconnected system of principal routes to serve major travel destinations and population centers. 
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) The NHTSA is responsible for reducing deaths, injuries and economic losses resulting from motor vehicle crashes. NHTSA sets and enforces safety performance standards for motor vehicles and equipment, and through grants to state and local governments enables them to conduct effective local highway safety programs. 
national transit database The FTA system used to collect data required by the U.S. DOT to run its transportation programs. 
National Transit Institute  
National Transportation System (NTS) Intermodal system consisting of all forms of transportation in the United States that includes public transit, the National Highway System, and access to airports and ports. 
new fixed guideway capital project  
New Freedom Formula Grant  
New Freedom Program Federal grant program that provides funds to transit programs that address the transportation needs of person with disabilities. 
New Start  
New Starts Directionary Program This program is the FTA's primary financial resource for supporting locally planned, implemented and operated major transit capital investments. The New Starts Program funds new and extensions to existing fixed guideway transit systems in every area of the country. These projects include commuter rail, light rail, heavy rail, bus rapid transit, streetcars and ferries. New Starts projects, like all transportation investments in metropolitan areas, must emerge from a regional, multimodal transportation planning process. The process is based upon rational decision making that benefits from the information developed during three phases of New Starts project development: Alternatives Analysis; Preliminary Engineering; Final Design. 
nonattainment area  
nonurbanized area  
off-peak period Nonrush periods of the day when travel is generally lower and less transit service is scheduled. Also called "base period." 
operating costs The sum of all costs associated with the maintenance and operation of a transportation system. Generally includes interest paid on loans for capital equipment, property taxes on capital items and depreciation on plant and equipment when applicable. 
operating revenue Receipts derived from or for the operation of transit service, including fare box revenue, revenue from advertising, interest and charter bus service and operating assistance from governments. 
over-the-road bus  
paratransit  
park-and-ride facility/lot  
passenger miles The total number of miles traveled by passengers on transit vehicles; determined by multiplying the number of unlinked passenger trips times the average length of their trips. 
passenger shelter  
Paul S. Sarbanes Transit in the Parks Program  
peak period Morning and afternoon time periods when transit riding is heaviest. 
preliminary engineering (PE)  
project construction grant agreement (PCGA)  
project management plan (PMP)  
Public Transportation on Indian Reservations (5311(c))  
qualifications-based selection fist use: qualifications-based selection (QBS); then: QBS 
qualified human service organization first use: qualified human service organization (QHSO); then: QHSO 
rail, commuter Railroad local and regional passenger train operations between a central city, its suburbs and/or another central city. It may be either locomotive-hauled or self-propelled, and is characterized by multitrip tickets, specific station-to-station fares, railroad employment practices and usually only one or two stations in the central business district. Also known as "suburban rail." 
rail, heavy An electric railway with the capacity for a "heavy volume" of traffic and characterized by exclusive rights of way, multicar trains, high speed and rapid acceleration, sophisticated signaling and high platform loading. Also known as "rapid rail," "subway," "elevated (railway)" or "metropolitan railway (metro)." 
rail, high speed A rail transportation system with exclusive right of way that serves densely traveled corridors at speeds of 124 mph (200 km/h) and greater. 
rail, light An electric railway with a "light volume" traffic capacity compared to heavy rail. Light rail may use shared or exclusive right of way, high or low platform loading and multicar trains or single cars. Also known as "streetcar," "trolley car" and "tramway." 
rail modernization Federal funding granted under Section 3(h) of the Federal Transit Act (formerly known as the Urban Mass Transportation Act). These discretionary funds are distributed by a formula and made available to transit systems for improvements on fixed guideway systems that have been in service for at least seven years. Also known as "fixed guideway modernization." 
rapid transit Rail or motorbus transit service operating completely separate from all other modes of transportation on an exclusive right of way. 
real-time bus arrival information  
real-time ridesharing  
record of decision (ROD)  
Regional Transportation Authority (RTA) Created in 1974 upon the approval of a referendum by the residents of Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, McHenry and Will counties in northeastern Illinois, the RTA is a special purpose unit of local government and a municipal corporation of the state of Illinois. The RTA is responsible for financial oversight and serves as the regional planning body for the three public transit operators in northeastern Illinois: the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA), Metra Commuter Rail and Pace Suburban Bus. 
reverse commute Commuting against traffic or between suburbs, usually from the central city to the suburbs. 
reverse commuting Movement in a direction opposite the main flow of traffic, such as from the central city to a suburb during peak periods. 
ridership The number of rides taken by people using a public transportation system in a given time period. 
ride share An agreement between two or more passengers to share a vehicle or the cost of travel between fixed locations on a regular schedule (e.g., carpooling). 
ridesharing A form of transportation, other than public transit, in which more than one person shares the use of the vehicle, such as a van or car, to make a trip. Also known as "carpooling" or "vanpooling." 
rolling stock The vehicles used in a transit system, including buses and rail cars. 
route miles The total number of miles included in a fixed-route transit system network. 
rural A nonurbanized region, away from towns and cities with population less than 50,000. 
Rural Transit Assistance Program (5331(b)(3))  
Short-Range Transit Plan (SRTP) A nine-year comprehensive plan required of all transit operators by federal and regional transportation funding agencies. 
Small Start  
spare ratio policy  
State Infrastructure Bank  
State of Good Repair (SGR) Initiative Capitalize as shown 
State Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) Statewide list of transportation projects that covers at least a three year period. Required by SAFETEA-LU. 
supplemental appropriation An act appropriating funds in addition to those in an annual appropriation act because the need for funds is too urgent to be postponed until enactment of the next regular appropriation act. 
Surface Transportation Program (STP) Allows for more varied and equitable transportation opportunities by giving local and state agencies authority to decide how best to spend transportation funding. 
system-generated revenue Farebox revenue plus funds from other sources (e.g., advertising and freight railroad contributions). 
taxicab A vehicle that serves primarily as a demand-responsive public passenger vehicle for hire. 
third party contracting  
transfer facility  
Transit Capital Investment Program Section 5309 This capital funding program provides capital assistance for three primary activities: new and replacement buses and facilities; modernization of existing rail systems, and new fixed guideway systems (New Starts). 
Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) An FTA established program promoting operating effectiveness and efficiency in the public transportation industry by conducting practical, near-term research designed to solve operational problems, adopt useful technologies from related industries and introduce innovation that provides better customer service. 
transit interested stakeholders Anyone or any sector interested in transit. This includes families, workers, disabled persons, seniors, commuters, business, government, nonprofit organizations, etc. 
transit-oriented development (TOD) Development in which public transit, biking and walking are designed to play a role in the mobility of members of the community. 
Transportation, Community and System Preservation (TCSP) Program  
transportation demand management (TDM) Low-cost ways to reduce demand by automobiles on the transportation system, such as programs to promote telecommuting, flextime and ridesharing. 
transportation disadvantaged People who are unable to purchase transportation or transport themselves due to income status, age or disability. 
Transportation Enhancement (TE) Federally funded, community-based projects that expand travel choices and enhance the transportation experience by improving the cultural, historic, aesthetic and environmental aspects of out transportation infrastructure. TE projects must be one of 12 eligible activities and must relate to surface transportation. For example, projects can include creation of bicycle and pedestrian facilities, streetscape improvements, refurbishment of historic transportation facilities, and other investments that enhance communities and access. The federal government provides funding for TE projects through our nation’s surface transportation. 
Transportation for Elderly Persons and Persons with Disabilities  
Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) A one to three year work plan that consists of regional MPO's list of construction and transportation projects it wants to implement with federal funding. Projects can appear on the TIP only if funding has already been secured. 
transportation plan The federally mandated long-range MPO transportation plan that includes short-term as well as long-term projects and activities. Transportation plans must be developed with the input of elected officials, public agencies and citizens. 
University Transportation Centers Program (TEA-21 5505) Grants for university transportation research (49 U.S.C. 5505) are awarded to nonprofit institutions of higher learning by the Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA) using funds appropriated to FTA. Research and education activities address transportation planning, analysis and management, with special emphasis on increasing the number of highly skilled individuals entering the field of transportation. All recipients are specified in law. The federal share is 50 percent.  
urbanized area (UZA)  
useful life policy  
use of like-kind exchange policy  
value engineering (VE)  
Very Small Start  
walkway Transportation facility built for use by pedestrians, including persons in wheel chairs. Walkways include paths, paved shoulders and sidewalks. 
Your Ticket to Safety: Bloodborne Pathogen Awareness bloodborne is one word 
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