Fact Sheet

CANADA
 

 

 

Land Area 9.98 million, Population  34.8 million

Language English 59%, French 22%, Other 21%

Religion Catholic 41%, Protestant 20%, None  24%

Labor Force 19.1 million, Unemployment 7%             
By sector Agriculture 2%, Industry 28%, Services 70%

GDP  US$ 1.8 trillion, Per capita $43,100  Growth 1.6%   
By sector Agriculture 2%  Industry 28%  Services 70%  

Exports US$459 billion Motor vehicles/parts, Aircraft Industrial Machinery, Chemicals, Metals, Petroleum 
To: USA 74.5%, China 4.3%, UK 4.1%%, other 17.1% 

Imports US$471 billion Machinery, Motor vehicles, Durable consumer goods, Chemicals, Crude Oil
From USA 50.5%, China 11%, Mexico 5.5%, Other 23%

 
Beginning in the late 15th Century, the land which is now Canada saw the establishment of British and French colonies on the regions Atlantic Coast.  As a consequence of various conflicts the United Kingdom gained and lost North American Territories until left in the late 18th Century with what mostly comprises Canada today. On July 1st 1867, three British Colonies joined to form the self governing Federal Dominion of Canada while retaining the British Crown. Other Colonies subsequently joined and the remainder of British lands were later transferred to Canada.  The name Canada comes from the St Lawrence Iroqouian word Kanata, meaning village or settlement and was adopted by the French Explorer Jacques Cartier in 1535.  Canada is the world’s 2nd largest country (after Russia) and its common border with the United States is the world’s longest land border shared by the same two countries.

Canada, consisting of 10 provinces and 3 territories, is a federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy and is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.  The Constitution of Canada is the supreme law of the Country.  The British North America Act of 1867 affirmed governance based on parliamentary precedent and divided powers between federal and provincial governments.  The Statute of Westminster 1931 granted full autonomy and the Constitution Act of 1982 ended all legislative ties to the UK. The country is officially bilingual at the federal level.  It is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large scale immigration from many countries.

Canada is a highly developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world, with the eighth highest per capita income and the eleventh highest in Human Development Index.  Its advanced economy relies chiefly on its abundant natural resources and well developed trade networks. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of education, government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life and economic freedom.  Canada’s participation in economic international and inter-governmental institutions or groupings includes the G8 (G7!), the Group of 10 (Economic), the Group of 20 (G-20 Major Economies), the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.  Canada’s alliances include the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
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