Priorities of the BalkanMed Programme
Taking into consideration the territorial analysis, as well as the public consultation process’ results, the main needs and challenges shared by the Programme actors can be grouped to the following headings: socioeconomic development and demography, environment and climate change, natural and cultural heritage.However, limited funding compelled for tougher choices.
In response to all regulatory requirements, a strong thematic focus has been promoted to address two key challenges: territorial competitiveness and environment. Accordingly, the Programme is built upon the following two Priority Axes:
Entrepreneurship and innovation are powerful drivers of economic growth. As the Programme area suffers from markets’ fragmentation, high unemployment and limited labor force skills, “Priority Axis 1” is dedicated to actions that foster the area’s entrepreneurship potential by encouraging SMEs’ cooperation and networking, clusters and clusters policies, new business models’ applications and in particular the ones promoting innovation, opens up new markets and support internationalisation. Two “Specific Objectives” (SO) are established to better focus the above mentioned topics. The first “Specific Objective” (SO 1.1) promotes entrepreneurship, while the second “Specific Objective” (SO 1.2) goes one step forward targeting innovation capacity of the SMEs.
By linking education and businesses, the “Balkan-Mediterranean 2014-2020” cooperation Programme also embeds the “Entrepreneurship 2020 Action Plan” of the EU, stating that “investing in entrepreneurship education is one of the highest return investments Europe can make”. Furthermore, against the current economic crisis’ background, the training support for entrepreneurs was identified as crucial, in order to maximise the impact and effectiveness of the investment put forward by the aforementioned two “Specific Objectives”. A sole thematic focus on SMEs support with no investment in their respective human capital will jeopardize expected results, as monitoring and management are performed by the entrepreneurs. Therefore a third “Specific Objective” (SO 1.3) is established for transnational training schemes that can provide a powerful platform to address entrepreneurship skills. SO 1.3 along with the SMEs’ thematic support planned by “SO 1.1” and “SO 1.2” ensures an integrate, structuredand inclusive approach to effectively address territorial competitiveness and skills’ gaps, to overcome markets’ fragmentation and foster business environment that could further unleash untapped cooperation potential.An extensive menu of transnational cooperation opportunities (type of activities) has been set up (check each “SO” description) and offered to the following actors:
During the public consultation process environment related issues emerged as the main challenge to address over the new programming period ahead. More than 70% consider the deterioration of the environment in the Programme area as a major common threat, while over 60% perceive the natural resources’ inefficient use as one of the main problems to tackle.
Accordingly, the “Priority Axis 2” of the “Balkan-Mediterranean 2014-2020” transnational cooperation Programme is built upon natural/cultural heritage and resources’ efficiency. By doing so the Programme is also aligned with the “EU Environment Action Programme to 2020”which under “Priority objective 1” aims to protect, conserve and enhance natural capital.
An integrated approach for sustainable growth can also mitigate the land–sea environmental pressures suffered throughout coastlines of the Programme areas. Marine and maritime planning coupled with coastal zones’ management can provide a promising testing bed for transnational cooperation potential in order to alleviate joint pressure from overall marine and maritime activities both, in land and sea. The Programme area holds significant potential for sustainable use of natural resources in the fields of the waste sector, the water sector and the soil and air pollution as well as the energy efficiency sector. Technological innovation will also be considered to stimulate climate-related investments and the transition to an inclusive and green economy.
The “Priority Axis 2” is further streamlined in two thematic “Specific Objectives” focusing on the one hand in natural ecosystems’ management (SO 2.1) and on the other hand in efficient resources’ management of the waste sector, the soil and the water sector (SO 2.2).The Programme allows different stakeholders to build up partnerships and deal with the protection of natural and cultural heritage. The development and implementation of common strategies and approaches will foster for the protection and sustainable use of natural/cultural heritageand will accordingly strengthen resources’ management efficiency and climate change resilience. The development of common brands is also foreseen as it creates a favourable environment for sustainable tourism practices. A wide range of activities is proposed to the following actors:
Yet, to learn how to monitor environmental targets and develop common management techniques and approaches, it requires specific skills’ development. Furthermore, to implement EU standards requires expertise aligned with the latest scientific knowledge on environmental policies’ implementation procedures. To address joint challenges on