The Journal of Materials Science

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Analysis of Corrosion of Steel Pipelines Transporting Hydrocarbon Fuel

Leena Bharadwaj 

Directorate of Hydrocarbon, International Agency for Standards and Ratings, India 

Keywords

hydrocarbon, steel pipelines, corrosion, sulfate reducing bacteria, H2S

Abstract 

In this paper, the corrosion of steel pipelines transporting hydrocarbon products was studied. The study focuses on different types of corrosions. The impact of thermal stress has major effect on structural strength of pipeline causing cracks in presence of environmental conditions. There is need to discover corrosion resistant alloy to transport hydrocarbon with emphasis on third party monitoring and risk analysis. 

Citation:

Bharadwaj L., 2015. Analysis of Corrosion of Steel Pipelines Transporting Hydrocarbon Fuel. The Journal of Materials Science. Photon 121, 225-231

© All Rights Reserved with Photon. 

Photon Ignitor: ISJN62593864D881612102015




Chemoselective synthesis of 2-(Methyl thiomethyl)-isoindoline-1, 3-dione and 2-(Hydroxy methyl)-1H-isoindoline-1, 3-(2H)-dione 

N.D. Zargar*, K.Z. Khan 

Department of Chemistry, University of Kashmir, Srinagar (190006) J&K, India 

N.D. Zargar K.Z. Khan are conferred with Stanley Miller Research Award in Materials Science  

Keywords: Isoindoline, Methyl-thiomethyl, Chemoselectivity, phthalimide, Dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO), Acetic-anhydride (Ac2O) 

Photon Ignitor: ISJN62593864D791812102015 

Citation: Zargar N.D., Khan K.Z., 2015. Chemoselective synthesis of 2 (Methyl thiomethyl)-isoindoline-1, 3-dione and 2-(Hydroxy methyl)-1H-isoindoline-1, 3-(2H)-dione. The Journal of Materials Science. Photon 121, 221-224 

Abstract 

Dimethyl sulphoxide activated by acetic-anhydride converts enols into sulphur ylides,oxidizes alcohols to corresponding ketones and induces oxidative rearrangement in polyporic acid.When 1H-isoindole-1,3-(2H)-dione (1) was refluxed with this versatile reagent it afforded 2-(Methyl thiomethyl)-isoindoline-1,3-dione (2) as a major product and 2-(Hydroxy methyl)-1H-isoindole-1,3-(2H)-dione (3) as a minor product. However, when 1H-isoindole-1,3-(2H)-dione (1) was refluxed with DMSO alone at elevated temperature ,it afforded (2) as a minor product and (3) as a major product. Both the reactions show chemoselectivity at N-H group of phthalimide (1) and leaving the >C=O group free. Compounds of mechanistic interest, have been characterized by different spectral techniques and elemental analysis.


 


Synthesis and Characterization of Nanostructured Silicon as Anti-Reflection Layers for Optoelectronic Applications 

H.A. Waila*, M. Kamala, M.A. Alwanb, E.M. Abdelrazeka 

a Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, P.O. Box 35516, Egypt 

b Applied Physics Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq 

Laser –assisted etching; anti- reflection layer; solar cell 

Photon Ignitor: ISJN62593864D788014092015 

Citation: 

Wail H.A., Kamal M., Alwan M.A., Abdelrazek E.M., 2015. Synthesis and characterization of nanostructured silicon as anti-reflection layers for optoelectronic applications. The Journal of Materials Science. Photon 121, 214-220 

Abstract 

The low efficiency of silicon solar cell is one of the most drawback which limit the advantage of silicon solar cells due to the high value of silicon reflectivity in the visible range so the overcome this problem thegradient porous silicon (GPsi) layer is the best way due to its low values of reflectivity.The performance of Silicon (p-n) junction solar cells with gradient porosity porousGPsi as antireflection layer were studied. Laser-assisted etching method with step-gradient illumination intensity between 20 mW/cm2 - 100 mW/cm2; using2, 4 and 6 mA/cm2 etching current density was employed to synthesis porous silicon layers. The process focuses on manufacturing efficient and low cost solar cells. Very low values of reflectivity of about 15%, 7% and 16% of (GPsi) layer were obtainedrespectively.The topographic SEM images of the of the GPsilayer shows the presence of a circular pore – like structure and large-sized pores consisted of very tiny pores. High conversion efficiency (14.95) solar cells were obtained at 4mA/cm2 etching current density compared with (11.56) at 2mA/cm2 and (10.83) at6mA/cm2 respectively.









Abstract: Shape memory alloys, characterized by adding the qualities of memory and trainability. Shape memory alloys exhibit what is called the shape memory effect. If such alloys are plastically deformed at one temperature, they will completely recover their original shape on being raised to a higher temperature. In recovering their shape the alloys can produce a displacement or a force as a function of temperature. In many alloys combination of both is possible. Key features of products that possess this shape memory property include: high force during shape change; large movement with small temperature change; a high permanent strength; simple application, because no special tools are required; many possible shapes and configurations; and easy to use - just heat. Because of these properties shape memory alloys are helping to solve a wide variety of problems. This review study on Shape Memory Alloys focuses on the manufacturing technique of Cu based SMA’s, behavior and properties of all so for developed SMAs. The various compositions of SMAs used till date and applications of these SMAs. The author selected two new compositions i.e., CuMnZr and CuMnAl SMAs and working on their mechanical properties and functional properties evaluation. The developed shape memory can be used for the applications of actuators over a large number of thermo cycles.










Photon Ignitor: ISJN62593864D785122062015

Citation: Ali M.L., Salih B.A., Hijazi Y.A., 2015. Comparative Study for Application of (Calcium Hydroxide, Mineral Trioxide Aggregate, and BiodentineTM) In a Pulpotomy Rabbit Teeth. The Journal of Materials Science. Photon 121, 192-198.

Abstract: Pulpotomy considers as an important and common procedure in pedodontic field and there are several materials used as pulpotomy agent. The present study was designed to illustrate the effects of Mineral trioxide aggregate and Biodentine on pulp healing.Thirty six healthy male New Zealand rabbits, which their teeth are selected for the pulpotomy procedure and application of three different materials (Calcium hydroxide, Mineral trioxide aggregate and Biodentine™). Histological evaluation for inflammtory score, dentine bridge formation were estimated at interval periods (1, 7, and 14 days). The results appear that all the materials cause inflammation after application to the pulp tissue, but in different score .Mineral trioxide aggregate and BiodentineTM illustrated regular dentine apposition with 250µm thickness. Conclusion: The study appears that Biodentine and Mineral trioxide aggregate act as bioactive materials that accelerate dentine bridge formation and can be used in other dental tissue repair.












Abstract: 

Samples of Zn1-xCrxO with concentrations x = 0.00, 0.02, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08 and 0.10 were synthesized by chemical co-precipitation route at room temperature. All samples were sintered at 450 0C for 12h in a tubular programmed furnace followed by furnace cooling upto room temperature. Samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive analysis X-ray spectra (EDS), UV-visible spectrometer and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The lattice parameters ‘a’ and ‘c’ were determined using XRD data, it is found that they decrease with increasing Cr concentration. XRD study shows the presence of wurtzite (hexagonal) crystal structure for all samples as same as parent compound ZnO. Grain size, Xray density and atomic packing fraction (APF) were evaluated using XRD data, it is found that grain size decreases with increasing dopant concentration. The functional groups and chemical species of Cr doped ZnO samples were determined at various peaks using FTIR data. UV-vis study revealed that red shift is clearly observed in absorption band.








Athraa Yahya Al-Hijazi*, Inas Fadhil



The Journal of Materials Science


College of Dentistry University of Baghdad, Iraq

Abbreviation: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), N-acetyl D-glucosamine (GlcNAc)

Keywords: Vascular endothelial growth factor, N-acetyl D-glucose amine, healing, bone

Photon Ignitor: ISJN62593864D697803092014

Citation: 

Al - Hijazi A.Y., Fadhil E., 2014. The role of local exogenous application of VEGF: N- acetyl D- glucosamine on bone healing (experimental study). The Journal of Materials Science. Photon 120, 166-174.

Abstract: 

The study was designed To identify role of local exogenous vascular endothelial growth factor and application of N- acetyl- D glucose amine substrate in bone healing. Thirty six male Albino rats, were subjected for bone defects in medial sides of both tibia bone (right tibia was considered as experimental site with 1µm of VEG / GlcNAc, while left be the control one, (treated with 1µm of normal saline).The rats were scarified at 3, 7, 10 days post surgery. Bone healing was histologically examined with immunohistochemical localization of collagen type 1. The results show bone healing treated with VEGF/ N-actyl D-glucosamine illustrates to be faster in apposition of osteoid and bone trabeculae that is detected to fill the most of bone defect in comparism with control group. Conclusion: Our results indicate that low application of exogenous VEGF or N- acetyl D -glucosamine, separately could be an effective therapeutic for bone injuries ,these data are promising for a possible future clinical usage especially for enhancement of bone healing .




Multilayer System of Thermosetting Polymers and Specific Confining, Application to the Walls of the Hospital unit


M. Bouzida*, A. Djadib, C. Aribia, A. Irektia, B. Bezzazia, F. Halouenec

Research Unit: Materials, Processes and Environment, University M'Hamed Bougara, Frantz Fanon City, Boumerdes 35000 Algeria

Department of Research and Development, Health Technology of Algeria, Tipaza 42000, Algeria

Departement of Biology, Faculty of science, University M'Hamed Bougara, Frantz Fanon City, Boumerdes 35000 Algeria

M. Bouzid*, A. Djadi, C. Aribi, A. Irekti, B. Bezzazi, F. Halouene receive Photon Excellence Award-2014 in Materials Science by Photon Foundation


Photon Ignitor: ISJN62593864D684020112014


The Journal of Materials Science


Citation:

Mohammed B., Amina D., Chouaib A., Amar I., Boudjema B., Fatma H., 2014. Multilayer System of Thermosetting Polymers and Specific Confining, Application to the Walls of the Hospital unit. The Journal of Materials Science, Photon 120,175-184


Keywords: 

Nosocomial infection, Microbial load, Composite materials, Portland cement.


Abstract

The nature of materials structuring our health institutions promote the development of germs. The sustainability of nosocomial infections remains significant (12% and 15%). One of the major factors being the portland cement which is brittle and porous. As part of a national plan to fight nosocomial infections, led by the University Hospital of Blida, we opted for a composite coating, application by multilayer model, composed of epoxy-polyester resin as a binder and calcium carbonate as mineral fillers. The application of composite materials reinforce the wall coating of hospital units and eliminates the hospital infectious areas. The resistance to impact, chemicals, raising temperature and to a biologically active environment, gives satisfactory results.





International Materials Science Award -2014



Noura El Mehbad from Najran University, Faculty of science, kingdom of Saudi Arabia is recipient of  International Materials Science Award -2014 for outstanding scientific contributions in Materials Science.





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France Journal of Materials Science is the most highly rated peer-reviewed research journal in  Materials Science. Gabon Journal of Materials Science, Gambia Journal of Materials Science, Georgia Journal of Materials Science and Germany Journal of Materials Science are sponsored by institutes and industries. Ghana Journal of Materials Science is officially published to support African Federations for  Materials Science. Greece Journal of Materials Science is known for highest readership in  Materials Science across European countries. Grenada Journal of Materials Science Guatemala Journal of Materials Science Guinea Journal of Materials Science Guinea-Bissau Journal of Materials Science and Guyana Journal of Materials Science  are world's leading platform for high indexed research. 



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