The Journal of Infectious Diseases


The Journal of Infectious Diseases, Impact Index: 6.48, ISJN: 4379-2173, Imprint: Photon, Category: Peer Reviewed Indexed International Journal


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Background: Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of Hospital and community acquired infections in Northern Uganda and it is the main cause of pyomyositis which causes disability, morbidity and contributes to delay Hospital stay. The objective of this study was to determine and compare the antibiotic susceptibility of Staphylococcus in HIV positive and HIV negative pyomyositis in this resource limited environment. Methods: MacConkey and blood agar were the techniques used to isolate Staphylococcus aureus based on the colonial characteristics and confirmed by catalase and tube coagulase tests. The antibiotic susceptibility test used salted and non-salted Muellar Hinton II agar for the common antibiotics (NCCLS M100S9). Results: The prevalence of S. aureus was 7/11(63.6%) in HIV positive and 30/52 (57.7%) for HIV negatives. The antibiotic susceptibility for 8 antibiotics: Methicillin (100.0%), Ciprofloxacin (97.4%), Erythromycin (97.4%), Gentamycin (97.4%) and Tetracycline (97.4%): Intermediate with Ampicillin (97.4%) and Chloramphenicol (97.4%); resistant to Co-trimoxazole (100.0%). There was no susceptibility difference between HIV positive and negative patients (χ2=0.246, p=0.884). Conclusion: Staphylococcus aureus is highly prevalent among HIV positive and negative primary pyomyositis patients. There was no MRSA and there was no susceptibility difference of S. aureus infection to common antibiotics in these patients in northern Uganda.






Five Chest Radiographic Features Imputed To Primary Pulmonary Tuberculosis among Smear Positive Patients in Uyo, Nigeria 


Uduma F.U.*, Abudu E.K, Onwuzobe I.G., Eduwem D.U., Umoh V., Ekott J.U., Peters E.


a Department of Radiology, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo Nigeria 

b Department of Histopathology, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo Nigeria 

c Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo Nigeria 

d Department of Radiology, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria 

e Pneumology Unit, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria 

f Pneumology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Uyo Nigeria 

g Pneumology Unit, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria 


 

Keywords:

Primary PTB- Chest- Consolidation- Miliary.(PTB: Pulmonary tuberculosis) 


Photon Ignitor: ISJN43792173D825828032016


Citation: 

Uduma, F.U.* Abudu E.K. Onwuezobe I.G. Eduwem D.U. Umoh, V. Ekott, J.U. Peters E. 2016. Five Chest Radiographic Features Imputed To Primary Pulmonary Tuberculosis among Smear Positive Patients in Uyo, Nigeria. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. Photon 115, 316-321 


Abstract 

Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is sub-classified into primary or post-primary. This classification is based on the disease being recently transmitted or remotely acquired respectively. To evaluate the five radiographic features imputed to primary PTB in Uyo, Nigeria. The study was carried out in University of Uyo teaching hospital (UUTH), Uyo, Nigeria from January, 2013 to February, 2015. Chest radiographs were only taken in posterior-anterior view using standard protocols. All patients who have positive chest radiographic features of primary PTB and have had Ziehl-Neelsen sputum positive smears are included in this study. Outcome to be measured are the five radiographic features of primary PTB namely lung parenchymal consolidation, miliary lesions, atelectasis, hilar lymphadenopathy and pleural effusion. Statistical analyses will be performed using SPSS 13. A total of 64 patients had chest radiographic features of primary PTB with 40 males and 24 females giving M:F ratio of 1.66. The number of positive radiographic features (144) exceeded the number of patients (64). In descending order of frequency of primary PTB radiographic features, it is lung parenchymal consolidation (n=56, 38.89%), miliary lesions (n=48, 33.33%), hilar lymphadenopathy (n=20, 13.89%), atelectasis (n=16, 11.11%) and pleural effusion (n=4, 2.78% ). Bilateral lung lesion and multi-zonal lung lesions predominate. In conclusion, the commonest chest radiographic features of primary pulmonary tuberculosis in Uyo, Nigeria in descending order were lung consolidation, miliary lesions, hilar lymphadenopathy, atelectasis and pleural effusion.


 



Assessment of Lippia adoensis Hochst. var. koseret, Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Ruta chalepensis L. Essential Oils as a potential source of Fungitoxic and Mycosporicidal Activity against Toxigenic Aspergillus Species 


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Negero Gemedaa*, Yimtubezinash Woldeamanueb, Daniel Asratb, Asfaw Debellaa, Yehualashet Beletea 


a Traditional & Modern Medicine Research Directorate, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

b Department of Microbiology, Parasitology, Immunology and Pathology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 











Keywords: Aspergillus species, Essential oils, food spoilage, mycotoxin, Antimycotic activity, Sporicidal activity 


Photon Ignitor: ISJN43792173D737210102015 


Citation: Gemedaaa N., Woldeamanuel Y., Asrat D., Debella A., Belete Y., 2015. Assessment of Lippia adoensis Hochst. var. koseret, Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Ruta chalepensis L. Essential Oils as a potential source of Fungitoxic and Mycosporicidal Activity against Toxigenic Aspergillus Species. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. Photon 114, 305-315 


Abstract Aspergillus, a kind of opportunistic fungi linked to food spoilage is the leading cause of fungal infections and mycotoxicosis. What is more, synthetic chemicals used for the management of Aspergillus has lead to a number of environmental and health problems. As a result there should be continuous search for safe alternatives from natural products. This study was conducted to explore antimycotic activity of 3 odoriferous angiospermic plants. Essential oils of Lippia adoensis Hochst. var. koseret, Rosmarinus officinalis and Ruta chalepensis were tested against toxigenic strain of Aspergillus species isolated from food commodities. The oil of L. adoensis showed highest antifungal efficacy. The L. adoensis oil absolutely inhibited the mycelial growth and spore germination of A. flavus, A. fumigatus, A. niger and A. parasiticus at a concentration of 2μl/ml. L. adoensis essential oil as antifungal was found superior over chemical synthetic preservative. The present study revealed that L. adoensis essential oil can be a promising source of antifungal drugs against post harvest infection of food commodities by Aspergillus species. For large scale utilization further studies are recommended to explore its activity on other toxigenic fungal species, mechanism of action and chronic toxicity of the oil



 




 









Keywords: Malaria, Odisha, disease transmission 


Abbreviations: ACT: Artemisinin combination therapy, ADEM: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, API: Annual parasite incidence, ART: Artesunate, CM: Cerebral malaria, CQ: chloroqiune, CR1: Complement receptor 1, CSCMi: Center for the Study of Complex Malaria in India, CSP: circumsporozoite protein, DDT: Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, G6PD: Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase, Hb: Haemoglobin, iRBC: infected red blood cell, Kdr: Knockdown resistance, LD: Linkage disequilibrium, MGI: Multiple genotype infection, MOD: Multiorgan dysfunction, MQ: Mefloquine, MS: Microsatellite, MSP: Merozoite surface protein, NMCP: National Malaria Control Programme, NMEP: National Malaria Eradication Programme, NO: nitric oxide, NVBDCP: National Vector Borne Diseases and Control Programmes, PCR: Polymerase chain reaction, PQ: Primaquine, RH: Relative humidity, SNP: Single nucleotide polymorphism, SP: Sulphadoxine Pyrimethamine (SP), SPR: Slide positivity rate, TLR: Toll-like receptors, UTR: Untranslated region, WHO: World Health Organization


Photon Ignitor: ISJN43792173D789502092015 


Citation: Dr. Dhangadamajhi G., Dr. Hazra R.K., Dr. Ranjit M., 2015. Malaria in Odisha and Future Perspectives. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. Photon 114, 289-304 


Abstract

Despite several control measures, Odisha, a part of peninsular India has consistently been the major contributor towards malaria morbidity and mortality in India. The Plasmodium falciparum infection accounts for approximately 85% of reported malaria cases in the state and is responsible for highest malaria attributed death toll in India. Current estimate of malaria in Odisha describes about 0.4 million clinical cases and 250 deaths annually. In this review, with archived published and unpublished materials, we have discussed the primary elements of malaria disease transmission to understand the prevailing situation of malaria and temporal changes of malaria risk. Besides, certain aspects of preventive measures have been recommended which may provide insight into the ambition of malaria elimination.






Bahrain Journal of Infectious Diseases, Bangladesh Journal of Infectious Diseases, Barbados Journal of Infectious Diseases and Belarus Journal of Infectious Diseases promotes jobs in Infectious Diseases. Belgium Journal of Infectious Diseases, Belize Journal of Infectious Diseases and Benin Journal of Infectious Diseases fuels carrier in Infectious Diseases. Bhutan Journal of Infectious Diseases and Bolivia Journal of Infectious Diseases publish original research articles, and reviews. Bosnia and Herzegovina Journal of Infectious Diseases and Botswana Journal of Infectious Diseases offers travel grant to research scholars. Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases is prestigious journal among SAARC countries. Brunei Journal of Infectious Diseases provides funding for research projects. 


Bulgaria Journal of Infectious Diseases is most influential journal among department of  Infectious Diseases across European countries. Burkina Faso Journal of Infectious Diseases, Burma Journal of Infectious Diseases, Burundi Journal of Infectious Diseases publish contributions by recognized scientists worldwide. 


Cambodia Journal of Infectious Diseases and Cameroon Journal of Infectious Diseases are established for promotion of e books on Infectious Diseases. Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Cape Verde Journal of Infectious Diseases publish high impact research articles on Infectious Diseases. Cayman Islands Journal of Infectious Diseases and Central African Republic Journal of Infectious Diseases  are the voice of research in Universities. Chad Journal of Infectious Diseases, Chile Journal of Infectious Diseases and China Journal of Infectious Diseases publish  high impact review articles on Infectious Diseases. Colombia Journal of Infectious Diseases, Comoros Journal of Infectious Diseases, Democratic Republic of Congo Journal of Infectious Diseases are official publications of the several research Societies. 


Costa Rica Journal of Infectious Diseases is supported by American societies for research and education. Ivory Coast Journal of Infectious Diseases is leading choice of University Professors. Croatia Journal of Infectious Diseases, Cuba Journal of Infectious Diseases, Cyprus Journal of Infectious Diseases, Czech Journal of Infectious Diseases, Denmark Journal of Infectious Diseases, Djibouti Journal of Infectious Diseases and Dominica Journal of Infectious Diseases adhere to the promotion of academic exchange and information transfer. Dominican Republic Journal of Infectious Diseases and Ecuador Journal of Infectious Diseases publish high impact technical report on Infectious Diseases. Egypt Journal of Infectious Diseases and El Salvador Journal of Infectious Diseases are inviting applications for young scientist award in Infectious Diseases. Equatorial Guinea Journal of Infectious Diseases are recognized for high quality peer-reviewed full-text journals. Eritrea Journal of Infectious Diseases and Estonia Journal of Infectious Diseases publish high impact case study on Infectious DiseasesEthiopia Journal of Infectious Diseases, Fiji Journal of Infectious Diseases, Finland Journal of Infectious Diseases are world's top most influential journals in  Infectious Diseases


France Journal of Infectious Diseases is the most highly rated peer-reviewed research journal in  Infectious Diseases. Gabon Journal of Infectious Diseases, Gambia Journal of Infectious Diseases, Georgia Journal of Infectious Diseases and Germany Journal of Infectious Diseases are sponsored by institutes and industries. Ghana Journal of Infectious Diseases is officially published to support African Federations for  Infectious Diseases. Greece Journal of Infectious Diseases is known for highest readership in  Infectious Diseases across European countries. Grenada Journal of Infectious Diseases Guatemala Journal of Infectious Diseases Guinea Journal of Infectious Diseases Guinea-Bissau Journal of Infectious Diseases and Guyana Journal of Infectious Diseases  are world's leading platform for high indexed research. 



Italy Journal of Infectious Diseases is authenticate source of scholarly communication. Jamaica Journal of Infectious Diseases, Japan Journal of Infectious Diseases, Jordan Journal of  Infectious Diseases, Kazakhstan Journal of Infectious Diseases, Kenya Journal of Infectious Diseases, Kiribati Journal of Infectious Diseases, North Korea Journal of Infectious Diseases and South Korea Journal of Infectious Diseases are official international journals allowing access to abstracts and full texts. Kuwait Journal of Infectious Diseases rewards editorial board on  Infectious Diseases for excellent review process. Kyrgyzstan Journal of Infectious Diseases, Laos Journal of Infectious Diseases, Latvia Journal of Infectious Diseases, Lebanon Journal of Infectious Diseases, Lesotho Journal of Infectious Diseases, Liberia Journal of Infectious Diseases, Libya Journal of Infectious Diseases, Liechtenstein Journal of Infectious Diseases, Lithuania Journal of  Infectious Diseases, Luxembourg Journal of Infectious Diseases, Macau Journal of Infectious Diseases, Macedonia Journal of Infectious Diseases and Madagascar Journal of Infectious Diseases aim to provide a broad scope for researchers and students to present their new ideas and research results. Malawi Journal of Infectious Diseases screens top most Editors on Infectious Diseases in southeastern Africa. 


Malaysian Journal of Infectious Diseases authorizes academic publications in  Infectious Diseases in South East Asia. Maldives Journal of Infectious Diseases celebrates grand leadership among competitive journals. Mali Journal of Infectious Diseases is specialist journal covering the latest advancements in  Infectious Diseases. Malta Journal of Infectious Diseases announces publication of leading research articles in  Infectious Diseases. Marshall Journal of Infectious Diseases is publishing a series on how to publish world class research articles. Islands Journal of Infectious Diseases presents list of highly cited research articles in  Infectious Diseases. Mauritania Journal of Infectious Diseases is broadcasting a series on job opportunities in  Infectious Diseases. Mauritius Journal of Infectious Diseases is offering multi language translation and editing services to authors. 


Mexico Journal of Infectious Diseases promotes technology transfer between technologists from industry and professors from academics. Micronesia Journal of Infectious Diseases and Moldova Journal of Infectious Diseases invite application for book proposals from authors. Monaco Journal of Infectious Diseases is dedicated for bachelor's degree in  Infectious Diseases.  Mongolia Journal of Infectious Diseases provides a forum for original papers and technology transfer. Montenegro Journal of Infectious Diseases, Morocco Journal of Infectious Diseases, Mozambique Journal of Infectious Diseases, Namibia Journal of Infectious Diseases, Nauru Journal of Infectious Diseases, Nepal Journal of Infectious Diseases, Netherlands Journal of Infectious Diseases, New Zealand Journal of Infectious Diseases and Nicaragua Journal of Infectious Diseases accept applications for Theses review from Universities and supervisors. 


Niger Journal of Infectious Diseases is supporting diploma courses in  Infectious DiseasesNigeria Journal of Infectious Diseases supports courses in  Infectious Diseases. Norway Journal of Infectious Diseases, Oman Journal of Infectious Diseases Pakistan Journal of Infectious Diseases are established for promotion of books on Infectious DiseasesPalau Journal of Infectious Diseases and Panama Journal of Infectious Diseases are established for promotion of thesis on Infectious Diseases. New Journal of Infectious Diseases Guinea Journal of Infectious Diseases and Paraguay Journal of Infectious Diseases offer translation services. Philippines Journal of Infectious Diseases and Poland Journal of Infectious Diseases employ best reviewers on Infectious Diseases for publication of high impact research articles. 


Portugal Journal of Infectious Diseases Qatar Journal of Infectious Diseases, Romania Journal of Infectious Diseases, Russia Journal of Infectious Diseases and Rwanda Journal of Infectious Diseases provide instructions on how to write excellent eBook on Infectious Diseases. Samoa Journal of Infectious Diseases, San Marino Journal of Infectious Diseases, Sao Tomé Journal of Infectious Diseases, Príncip Journal of Infectious Diseases and Saudi Arabia Journal of Infectious Diseases sponsor candidates for travel grants. Senegal Journal of Infectious Diseases organize workshop on  Infectious Diseases in African countries. Serbia Journal of Infectious Diseases annually organizes  guidelines on how to prepare manuscripts. Seychelles Journal of Infectious Diseases offers open access publication platform. 


Singapore Journal of Infectious Diseases and Slovakia Journal of Infectious Diseases are best journals for Post doctorate in Infectious Diseases Slovenia Journal of Infectious Diseases, Solomon Journal of Infectious Diseases and Islands Journal of Infectious Diseases provide scholarships in Infectious Diseases to faculty and students. Somalia Journal of Infectious Diseases and South African Journal of Infectious Diseases offer scholarships for higher education. Spanish Journal of Infectious Diseases and Sri Lanka Journal of Infectious Diseases publish high impact short communication on Infectious Diseases. Saint Kitts Journal of Infectious Diseases and Saint Lucia Journal of Infectious Diseases organize conference on Infectious Diseases. Saint Vincent Journal of Infectious Diseases and Sudan Journal of Infectious Diseases evaluate courses in Infectious Diseases. Suriname Journal of Infectious DiseasesSwaziland Journal of Infectious Diseases and Sweden Journal of Infectious Diseases identifies global leaders in  Infectious Diseases. Switzerland Journal of Infectious Diseases and Syria Journal of Infectious Diseases aids to innovative projects. 


Taiwan Journal of Infectious DiseasesTajikistan Journal of Infectious Diseases and Tanzania Journal of Infectious Diseases are top most journals for PhD in Infectious Diseases. Thailand Journal of Infectious Diseases sponsors research articles for faculty recruitment programs in Asian countries. Togo Journal of Infectious Diseases, Tonga Journal of Infectious Diseases, Tobago Journal of Infectious Diseases and Tunisia Journal of Infectious Diseases encourage Thesis publication as book. Turkey Journal of Infectious Diseases, Turkmenistan Journal of Infectious DiseasesTuvalu Journal of Infectious Diseasesand Uganda Journal of Infectious Diseases are designed to improve education in Infectious DiseasesUkraine Journal of Infectious Diseases United Arab Emirates Journal of Infectious Diseases and United Kingdom Journal of Infectious Diseases invite application for participation in online Seminar/ Webinar. 


United States Journal of  Infectious Diseases organizes seminar on Infectious Diseases. Uruguay Journal of Infectious Diseases, Uzbekistan Journal of Infectious Diseases recommends rich syllabus of Infectious DiseasesVanuatu Journal of Infectious DiseasesVenezuela Journal of Infectious Diseases and Vietnam Journal of Infectious Diseases also accepts Hardcover books, also known as hardback or hardbound books / paperback for publication. Yemen Journal of Infectious Diseases, Zambia Journal of Infectious Diseases and Zimbabwe Journal of Infectious Diseases are dedicated for integrating research and education.