Ethnomedicine and Ethnopharmacology

The Journal of Ethnobiology and Traditional Medicine

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The Journal of Ethnobiology and Traditional Medicine, Impact Index: 6.38, ISJN: 6642-3194, Imprint: Photon, Category: Peer Reviewed Indexed International Journal

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Medicinal Plants Sector in Northern India: An Ethno-Medicinal Appraisal

Tariq Ahmad Bhata*, Aijaz Ahmad Wanib,  M. Gulfishanc  

a Govt. Higher Secondary School Aishmuqam, Department of School Education, Govt. of Jammu and        Kashmir, 192129, India 

b Cytogenetics and Reproductive Biology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Kashmir 190      006, Srinagar, J & K, India 

c Post Doctoral Fellow, Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 202 002, India    

Tariq Ahmad Bhat, Aijaz Ahmad Wani and M. Gulfishan are honoured with James Watson Research Award-2015 in Ethnobiology by IASR

Keywords: Medicinal plants, Northern Himalayas, genetic diversity, traditional knowledge, ethnic communities  

Abbreviations:  AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, MAPS: Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, WHO: World Health Organisation, US: United States, NMPB: National Medicinal Plants Board, NABARD: National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development, HPLC: High Performance Liquid Chromatography

Photon Ignitor: ISJN66423194D719125032015

Citation: Bhat T.A., Wani A.A., Gulfishan M., 2015. Medicinal Plants Sector in Northern India: An Ethno-Medicinal Appraisal. The Journal of Ethnobiology and Traditional Medicine. Photon 124, 978-992.


India is one of the world's top 12 mega biodiversity countries with 10 bio-geographic regions and two biodiversity hotspots. The climatic and altitudinal variations, coupled with varied ecological habitats of the country, have contributed to the development of immensely rich vegetation with a unique diversity in medicinal plants. The medicinal plant species have made an outstanding contribution in treatment of several disorders like memory loss, osteoporosis, immune and age-related problems, and even some deadly diseases like AIDS and cancer. In recent past, the traditional knowledge based treatment has gained a wide recognition worldwide due to an increased faith in herbal medicine in view of its lesser side effects compared to allopathic medicine. The main objectives of present study were to explore the potential in medicinal plant resources, to understand the challenges and opportunities within the medicinal plant sector, and also to suggest recommendations based upon the present state of knowledge for the establishment and smooth functioning of the medicinal plants sector besides improving the living standards of the underprivileged communities.