The Journal of Applied Biochemistry

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The Journal of Applied Biochemistry, Impact Index: 4.38, ISJN: 3742-1863, Imprint: Photon, Category: Peer Reviewed Indexed International Journal


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The role of flax seeds in improvement of blood antioxidants status in layer 


Sara A.M.a*, M.E. Barrib, Salwa M.Ec, Samia H.Ad, Hala E.Ae 


a Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, Sudan

b International University of Africa, Sudan


Keywords:

Oxidative status, Flax seeds, Layers, SOD, CAT, MDA 


Abbreviations: 

SOD: superoxide dismutase, CAT: catalase, MDA: malondialdehyde, TBA: thiobarbituric acid, ALA: linolenic acid, ROS: reactive oxygen species, PUFA: poly unsaturated fatty acid, FID: flame ionization detector, N.F.E: nitrogen free extract 


All Rights Reserved with Photon Photon Ignitor: ISJN37421863D855821012017 


Citation: Sara A.M.*, Barri M.E., Salwa M.E., Samia H.A., Hala E.A., 2017. The role of flax seeds in improvement of blood antioxidants status in layer. The Journal of Applied Biochemistry. Photon 109, 214-221


Abstract 

The current trial was performed to investigate the influence of flax seeds on the oxidative status of laying hens. Fifty (Hisex) bird, 20 week old, were obtained from Animal Production Research Center (kuku), were divided into two groups (n=25) for each one. The control group (A) was under control diet based on corn, maintains the (NRC, 1994) requirements for laying hens, the experimental group, supplemented by 10% flax seeds added to the diet. The trial lasted for eight weeks, blood samples were collected once per month (week 4 and 8),in EDTA coated vials, immediately placed into iced-container, centrifuged at 3000rpm/20 min, samples were separated in aliquot, and stored at -20ºC and -80ºC until analysis. Plasma analysis for enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants, revealed no significant different levels of uric acid, malondialdehyde (MDA), vitamin C, and vitamin E between the control group and the treated one, while catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and vitamin A, levels were significantly enhanced by the addition of 10% flax seeds.




Phenolic substances isolated from Olea europaea L.: A Review 


Ghayth Riganea,b, Derya Arslanc, Ridha Ben Salema* 


a Organic Chemistry-Physics Laboratory UR11ES74, Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, Chemistry 

   Department, B.P « 1171 » 3038, Sfax, University of Sfax, Tunisia 

b Chemistry-Physics Department, Faculty of Sciences and Technics of Sidi Bouzid, B.P «380», 9100,        Sidi Bouzid, University of Kairouan, Tunisia 

c Division of Food Sciences, Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture,      Necmettin Erbakan University, 42090, Meram, Konya, Turkiye 


Ghayth Rigane, Derya Arslanc and Ridha Ben Salem are conferred with Stanford Research Award-2015 in Phytochemistry 


Keywords: Olea europaea L., oleuropein, hydroxytyrosol, olive oil, olive leaves; olive mill waste water, bioactives 


Abbreviations: GC-MS: Gas chromatography-Mass spectroscopy, HPLC: High Performance Liquid Chromatography, ESI: Electrospry ionization, IR: Infra Red, OMWW: Olive Mill Waste Water, DPPH: 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, BHT: hydroxytoluène butylé, VOO: virgin olive oil, EVOO: Extra virgin olive oil, DHPEA: (3,4-dihydroxyphenyl) ethanol, p-HPEA-EDA: dialdehydic form of decarboxymethyl ligstroside aglycone, SPE: solid-phase extraction, LLE: liquid–liquid extraction 


Photon Ignitor: ISJN37421863D779701052015


Citation: Ben Salem R., Rigane G., Arslan D., 2015. Phenolic substances isolated from Olea europaea L.: A Review. The Journal of Applied Biochemistry. Photon 108, 189-213. 


Abstract 

The present state of knowledge in the chemistry of Olea europaea L. tree is reviewed. The published data related isolations and identifications of the compounds in all parts of the tree were summarized. Out of 100 biophenols were identified in olive products. This included a number of simple phenols, flavonoids and secoiridoids.



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